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Spc. David Hopkins, Public Affairs Office

24 hours in the life of the Carlisle Barracks fire department



   September 30, 2003-When offered the opportunity to spend 24 hours with the fire department, observing their daily routines and riding along with them on calls, I jumped at the chance. Not only would it fulfill a lifelong fantasy of riding in a fire truck, it would also allow me to see how the firefighters work and live on post.

    "A lot of people on post just don't realize what a tough and important job these guys do everyday," said Maj.  pen and my bedding for the night, ready to chase fires and put them out.  The "B" shift guys quickly informed me that they spent more time preventing fires then actually putting them out.

    "We do a lot of fire prevention.inspections," said Charlie Westcott, firefighter for Carlisle Barracks fire department.

    We took a quick tour of the building's alarm room, which is the heart of the fire department according to Jeff Byard,  the parking bays and equipment area, upstairs sleeping area and break rooms. I was disappointed to discover that they didn't have a pole, but fire captain Jim O'Connell told me the poles were being removed from most fire departments around the country because they caused injuries to the firefighters before they made it out of the building.


Prevention is the key

    After I settled in and knew the lay of the land,  Westcott and I inspected engine 138.

    We looked over the 33,380 pound truck for any problems that would prevent it from working properly in an emergency situation. We checked the light, siren, engine, water pump gauges, hoses, all the equipment compartments, ladders, and other parts of the truck. We checked 29 different things during the inspection.  After determining that everything was in working condition, we drove the truck around post to make sure it was handling all right.

    After returning to the station it was time for another inspection. I went with Byard to the post golf course for a monthly inspection of the club house building. Inspections are performed on all post buildings on a monthly or quarterly basis depending on the building size and use, said Byard.

    We checked the building inside and out, looking for violations of fire codes that may be hazardous to the safety of people using the facility.    

    "One of the biggest things you can do to prevent fires is to maintain a neat, clean area," said Byard, as we walked through the building.

    We checked for exposed wires, blocked exits, passageways that were too narrow, exit sign lights, emergency lights, chemicals improperly stored and many other things.

    While we were checking the building, Byard's radio crackled to life. There was an alarm going off at the post theater. We rushed out to the pickup and hurried back to the station.  Byard grabbed his gear and we prepared to meet the other firefighters already on scene at the theater.  Before we had the chance to get going, another call came through. It was a false alarm. A contractor working in the building set the alarm off with an excess of dust from his project.  We had several other similar calls throughout the day, including one alarm that was set of by a spider in a fire alarm.


Training to fight fires

    As the sun started to go down over Carlisle Barracks, the lights of engine 138 began to flash in front f the post fire house. It wasn't an emergency, but the "B" shift crew responded to the semi annual night structure drill as if there were lives at stake.

    When the word came to the fire station that there was a call (fake call) for smoke being spotted at 217A Marshal Ridge road, the guys of "B" shift jumped to action.  They grabbed their gear, climbed into the truck and sped across post to the vacant house that was being used for the training exercise.

    Upon arrival, the crew climbed from the truck and went to work. Westcottgot the flood lights set and ran the gauges that control the fire hoses.  Steve McKenrick, Byard and Jim O'Connell grabbed a fire hose and gear to fight the imaginary fire.

    When they got inside the dark structure, McKenrick handled the hose, Byard and O'Connell searched the dark rooms for victims.

    The two searchers crawled through the rooms in a systematic manner, swinging sticks in front of them trying to feel for anything.

    "When it's a real fire, there is so much smoke you can't see," said O'Connell.

    They searched the upstairs rooms first, then systematically moved to the lower level of the house.

    When they had thoroughly searched every room, they gave the all clear and exited the house, calling the exercise a success.

    "The guys did a great job," Suskie  said.


Waiting for the next call to duty

    After the training exercise was over we returned to the station and the crew cleaned up their gear to make sure it was ready for action if another call came in.

    "You always need to be ready," McKenrick said. "You never know when you are going to get a call."

    "We lay out gear in a ready position so it can be put on quickly," O'Connell said. "Everything has its place so nothing is forgotten."

    When everything was clean and in its place, the crew relaxed and waited.  Luckily, nothing happened for the rest of the night.

    "If you look at the worst possible scenario and prepare for it, when something does happen it's less of a problem, and we are ready," Byard said.

    The Carlisle Barracks firefighters work long 24 hour shifts on weekdays, weekends, holidays and special occasions, said O'Connell.  Some of the guys even work with volunteer fire departments in their off time because they love to help save lives, said Westcott.

    "I love the job, but the hours are hard on your personal life," said Westcott.

    "We have some time when we are just sitting around watching the monitors and waiting for something to happen, but we are here for long hours when other people are home with their families," said O'Connell.

    The following morning when it was time for the next crew to come in for their 24 hour shift, the "B" shift guys were more than ready for a day off to rest, and so was I.


ID card section to have new operating hours

    The ID Card Facility will change operating hours Monday, September 29th. The ID card-issuing section at 315 Lovell Avenue here will be open  Monday - Friday  7 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.

     All categories of ID Cards will be issued beginning at 7 a.m.  Common Access Cards (CAC) will stop being issued at 2:30 p.m. due to nationwide afternoon system processing slowness.

    Earlier hours are being provided due to better system access in the morning, and to improve services such as allowing sponsors to get children in early and then take them to school.  It is highly recommended that patrons call the ID Card Section at 717 245-3533 for up to date information on the Section's hours, directions, system status, documentation, etc. before making a trip to the ID Card Section.



Public Affairs Release

Common Access Card update

    Sept. 17 -- -In November of 1999, the Deputy Secretary of Defense directed the Military Services to implement smart cards in the form of a Common Access Card (CAC). A smart card is a credit card-sized device containing one or more integrated circuit chips, and may also include additional technologies such as: a magnetic stripe, bar codes, a radio frequency transmitter, and photographic identification.

    It is a requirement for all DoD personnel to have a Common Access Card no later than Oct. 1, however, the activation of Public Key Infrastructure software and activation of this program will be implemented at a later date. 

    Users on Carlisle Barracks will be able to operate as usual on Oct. 1. 



Who will receive the CAC?  Active duty military, National Guard, Reserve, DoD civilians, and eligible contractors will receive a CAC.

What will the CAC Do?  The CAC has numerous functions - literally combining several cards into one. In addition to replacing the existing DoD identification card, the CAC will:

  • Enable physical access to buildings and controlled spaces
  • Enable computer network and system access
  • Serve as the primary platform for the Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) token

CAC Reader:   Increased protection for personal and national security through Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). PKI is a CAC component that provides data protection through authentication and data integrity. PKI performs specific functions such as single sign-on access control, signing electronic documents, and encrypting email. Eventually, all DoD computers will have a card reader allowing network access using the CAC. PKI adds an extra layer of security, because without your CAC, no one can log onto your computer even if they have your name and password. PKI authentication also provides the DoD another weapon to foil the attacks of computer hackers on DoD computer systems. With PKI, personal privacy is better protected and national security is also strengthened.  

When will we receive the CAC?  The initial CAC issue to DoD personnel will be completed by October 2003.

Why will we receive the CAC?  With a CAC application, many paper-based processes will become automated. Therefore, what may have taken days to do may now take just hours. Military Service members may use the CAC to enter their installation, log onto computers, or verify medical benefits eligibility or dining facility privileges. As the technology matures, the CAC will perform even more functions - thereby enhancing readiness and saving time and money for all personnel


Some helpful hints for using the Army Public Key Infrastructure for Encryption and Digital Signing of E-mail messages.

1.       Using digital signatures

a.      Sending digitally signed emails. A digital signature should be used whenever e-mail is considered official business or contains sensitive information.

b.      Receiving digitally signed e-mails. Assess the attached digital signature's level of assurance (revoked certificates should be treated as not from the sender).  Emails signed by unapproved sources should only be opened, read and acted upon with caution.

c.      Retaining digitally signed e-mail. The Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff/G1 Army Records Management and declassification agency has determined the minimum standards for preservation.  Reference: National archives and records administration, SUBJECT: Records management guidance for agencies implementing electronic signature technologies, 18 Oct 00. Additional information

2.       Encryption of emails.

a.      Sending encrypted emails.  Encrypted to ensure confidentiality. Must use at a minimum, DOD Class 3 Encryption Certificates.

b.      Receiving encrypted emails. Take appropriate measures to protect the encrypted information.  Once received the need to protect the information remains.

c.      Retaining encrypted email. Needs to be stored in encrypted format unless it does not contain sensitive information, or protected information.



Staff Sgt. Krishna M. Gamble, Public Affairs Office

Celebration of history, culture, diversity


Sept. 25, 2003 - "Many people ask me why I smile all the time. It's because Hispanics are a vibrant and very happy people. It's an honor and a privilege for me to be here. I am proud to be a Hispanic American."

    With these words, Command Sgt. Maj. David Roman opened up the dance floor and the food sampling at the Carlisle Barracks Hispanic American Heritage Month Observance Sept. 25 at the Letort View Community Center.  Roman is the first Hispanic American to hold the position of post command sergeant major at Carlisle Barracks.

     "Each year we recognize the contributions Hispanic Americans have made to America and the military," said Sgt. 1st Class Jolanda Rose, Equal Opportunity Advisor.

    This event was not only a celebration, but  a learning experience. According to Garrison Commander Lt. Col. John M. Koivisto, Jr., Hispanic Americans have a history of service to the military and influence in American culture that dates back to the American Revolution.

    "This is an opportunity to show appreciation for what the Hispanic American culture brings to our country," Koivisto said.



    International Fellows of the USAWC Class of Hispanic descent and their families participated in the celebration with dance, music and displays of clothing, jewelry, artwork and artifacts from the countries of South America, Central America, the Caribbean and Spain.

    "This is the first one I've ever been to. It's a new experience, and there are a lot of different kinds of foods," said Sgt. Tina Paton, optometrist technician at Dunham Health Clinic.

    Thirty-nine Hispanic Americans have been awarded the Medal of Honor since 1861, and Hispanic women served as nurses during World War II. The U.S. Postal Service recently unveiled the Cesar E. Chavez commemorative stamp, which honors the late former sailor, civil rights and farm labor leader. Hispanic American Heritage Month will be observed through Oct. 15.  For more information about the Hispanic American Heritage, visit .



Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

CFC kicks off to help those less fortunate


Sept. 17 -- The winds are getting chillier, the days are getting shorter, and the thermometers have appeared on post, which can only mean one thing-- it's time for the 2003 Combined Federal Campaign.

    The Central Pennsylvania CFC campaign kicked off today during a Susquehanna Club luncheon at the Defense Distribution Center in New Cumberland. Pennsylvania's Lt. Governor Catherine Baker Knoll was the keynote speaker and talked about why CFC is such an important program.

    "The CFC allows everyone the opportunity to see the positive impact you can have on a single individual who may be down to his or her last dream, and see the larger good in our communities from these good deeds," she said. "I learned a long time ago that generosity is more effective when it's combined with similar generosity from others."   

    CFC, which will run from Sept. 17 until Nov.1, is an annual program that enables every member of the Carlisle Barracks community to contribute to any of 1,300 local, national, and international health, welfare and emergency relief organizations.

    The program works on a bi-weekly payroll deduction, and participants can donate any amount over $1.00 per pay period. Participants have the option to select which agencies they wish to contribute to.

    "All of the money donated to CFC during this drive can stay in the Central Pennsylvania area," said  Brenda Sampson who directs the post's Army Community Services.  "That's one of the great things about CFC, you can help out those agencies in your own community."   

    Water for the People, the Armed Forces Foundation and the National Domestic Violence Hotline, are just few of the organizations that donors can support. Contributions not directed toward a specific organization will be split up between all organizations.

    Any federal employee may contribute to the program by check, cash or payroll deduction. Every organization on post will have a key-person to serve as a point of contact for information.

    Carlisle Barracks belongs to CFC's Central Pennsylvania, which includes the Defense Activities in Mechanicsburg, the Defense Distribution Center in New Cumberland, and the Harrisburg and York Post Offices. Last year the region combined to donate over $500,000, of which the post contributed $93,500. This year's regional goal is $525,000.

    " What is most surprising is that the total from last year was donated by 25 percent of the post population," said Sampson. "We're hoping to get closer to 75 percent of our folks donating this year.  Imagine how much we could help our neighbors then?" 

    The Central Pennsylvania Food Bank is one of the agencies that help our neighbors.

    The food bank's director, J. Kendall Hanna, noted the Central Pennsylvania Food Bank consolidates food donations from area businesses and distributes about 2-3 tractor-trailer loads a day. Overall, 38 percent of those who seek service at food banks are children, and 9 percent are senior citizens. That's equal to about $20 million a year, he said.

    "Unfortunate circumstances cause many of our neighbors to use the services provided by our CFC agencies," said Maj. Gen. David H. Huntoon Jr., USAWC commandant. "Fortunately, CFC contributions allow these agencies to be there when they are needed."

    The Combined Federal Campaign dates to 1961, when federal employees saw a need to bring many fundraising efforts under one umbrella. 

    "They created the CFC as an employee campaign, not a management campaign," according to Sampson. "The CFC is unique because it is the only authorized solicitation of employees - including the military - in the federal workplace on behalf of charitable organizations."

    Knoll reminded those gathered that it's important for people to realize that everyone needs to help take care of each other.

    "Every time I see a picture of Earth taken from space I am reminded that we are all passengers on the same planet, and we need to help each other enjoy the ride," she said. 



Staff Sgt. Krishna M. Gamble, Public Affairs Office

Post hosts annual retiree appreciation day


Sept. 27, 2003 - Representing the Army, Air Force, Navy, Coast Guard and Marines, almost 500 retired service members and dependents attended the 29th Annual Retiree Appreciation Day Sept. 27 at Bliss Hall.

    These former men and women of the Armed Services received briefings on legal and veterans affairs, updates on retiree benefits and medical services, and literature from various post activities and military service organizations. Dunham Health Clinic sponsored free blood pressure screenings and the Human Resource Directorate issued and updated ID cards. More than 104,000 retirees and dependents are supported by Carlisle Barracks each year, according to Lt. Col. John M. Koivisto, Jr. garrison commander.

    "I came to find out what benefits are available and how to access them," said Bernie Eiswert, who will soon retire from the Army Reserve. Bernie Eiswert traveled with his father, Fred, who has retired from the Army Reserve and is preparing to retire from his civilian job.

    Retired Chief Warrant Officer Glenn W. Stevens, who retired two years ago after 39 years of service, said the worst part of being retired was that there are "no holidays and no days off," but the best part was his daily schedule.


    "I get up and do what I want or not," said Stevens, who traveled from New Ringgold, Pa.

    Hailing from all parts of Pennsylvania and Maryland, the retirees were officially welcomed by  USAWC Commandant Maj. Gen. David H. Huntoon who talked about current and future renovation projects on post, and the accomplishments of today's service members.

    "The Armed Forces are busier now than ever before. Currently, more service members are forward deployed than ever with a smaller force," Huntoon said. "Feel good about your troops, because they are doing a wonderful job under some tough circumstances."

    Huntoon expressed his personal gratitude for the service and sacrifice of the retirees.

     "I am proud to stand here today. Thank you for being here and thank you for your many, many years of service," he said.

    Keynote speaker retired Army Lt. Col. Bill Pierce, Deputy Director of Benefits Information Department of the Retired Officer Association, encouraged the retirees to write, call or email their Congressmen because of declining military experience in the House and Senate. Pierce also discussed changes in retiree benefits.



Staff Sgt. Krishna M. Gamble, Public Affairs Office

Wildflowers, bluebirds, mulch help scout earn promotion

Sept. 20 -- To earn the Eagle Scout rank, the highest advancement rank in Boy Scouts, a scout must fulfill requirements in the areas of leadership, service and outdoor skills. Ben Courts of Boy Scout Troop 173 is now one step closer to receiving his promotion.

    Since August, Courts has been coordinating with the Carlisle Barracks Directorate of Public Works to clean and replant wildflowers along the Heritage Park Historic Trail.

    "This is to earn my Eagle Scout, but more importantly it's part of National Public Lands Day," said Courts, who has been scouting since the fourth grade. "All of the volunteers out here will earn community service hours and help [beautify] the park."

    Courts received help from his fellow scouts of Troop 173 as well as assistance from Girl Scout Troop 619 and the post Webelos.

    "I am earning community service hours, but I liked how the park looked [earlier this year] with the flowers and birds," said Paige Mcleod of Girl Scout Troop 619.

    "We're here to help out the Boys Scouts earn the Eagle Badge, but we do different things throughout the year and this [particular project] helps with the ecology," said Sgt. 1st Class Jolanda Rose, co-leader of Girl Scout Troop 619.


    More than 50 Boy and Girl Scouts, parents and community volunteers spent the day at Heritage Park mulching the trail, cleaning bird feeders, clearing brush and weeds and planting wildflowers and bulbs. This project coincides with National Public Lands Day, which promotes the care of public lands.

    "This is not just for the Boy and Girl Scouts, this is for the community," said Keith Bailey, the post's Biological Science Technician. "Planting the wildflowers will create a "no mow" area and a [safe haven] for birds."

    Carlisle Barracks received a grant for $2,000 from the Department of Defense to purchase supplies for public land improvement. National Public Lands Day was formally recognized by President George W. Bush and the Governors of 30 states in 2001. It is estimated that $8 million in improvements to public lands were accomplished in 2001, alone.

    Public land improvements at Carlisle Barracks over the years include the Historical Marker by Thorpe Hall, shrubs and pereals at 12 monuments around post, and development of new wildlife habitats. The most beneficial contribution is the savings in labor, said Bailey.

    "Last year we saved $7,000 in labor with projects like this because all the volunteers are from on post," Bailey said. "Projects like this help scouts but it also benefits the community."

    National Public Lands Day is an annual event founded by the National Environment Education and Training Foundation. This nationwide volunteer effort is the largest of its kind with more than 500 sites throughout the country.


Spc. David Hopkins, Public Affairs Office

Former CDC kid returns from Iraq, thanks kids for support


Sept. 19, 2003-When Marine Reserve Lance Cpl. Skylor Stitt arrived at the post Child Development Center on Sept. 18 he was not expecting the big welcome he received.

    The children of the center sent him care packages while he was fighting in Iraq.  Stitt, who attended the center until he started kindergarten in 1987, sat with them and talked about his experiences in Iraq.

    As he spoke and the children stared wide-eyed, his family members, Lt. Col. John Koivisto, Command Sgt. Maj. David Roman, and others filed into the building to welcome the Marine back to the center and celebrate his return with food and cake.

    The children of the center shared a connection with Stitt, who spent five months in Iraq with the 2nd Battalion, 25th Marine Regiment. 

    "When the children and staff of the center heard that Stitt had been called up to active duty and was being sent to Iraq, they wanted to do something for him," said Melody Irwin, CDC director.

    The center's children put together care packages containing basic items, such as toiletries, baby wipes and personal letters, said Stitt.

    "The packages meant a lot to me," said Stitt. "It was nice to get something from back home."

    The children of the center gave Stitt a resounding "hoo-ray" before Roman and Koivisto gave him their official welcome home.

    "You are a hero," said Roman. "We are glad you are back and safe."

    "A lot of the soldiers here wish we were there with you," said Koivisto. "We appreciate what you've done for us.  It's a great sacrifice."

    Now that Stitt is back home he plans to start school at Harrisburg Area Community College for the third time.  The last two times he has started courses at HACC he has been called up to active duty and was unable to continue with school.






Chaplain's Corner

Chaplain  (Lt. Col.) Dave Kenehan, Deputy Installation Chaplain

What a difference a year makes!
August 22, 2003--What a difference a year makes.  Last year at this time I was a student beginning the War College, this year I am a member of the garrison staff.  Last September my life centered around books, papers, and softball, this year I am challenged to see the world of Carlisle Barracks through a wider lens.  We are a community of many different people and organizations called to be one. 

    Whether we are students, faculty, active duty, retirees, college or garrison staff, we are all in this together.  Each of us is made in the image of God.  Each of us is on this challenging journey called life.  The young soldier who sets up chairs for a ceremony, the guard at the gate, the lady working in the PX, the teenager bagging groceries at the commissary, the librarian, the computer technician, the volunteer at MHI, the NCO processing personnel files, the student, the professor, we are all equal in the eyes of God. 

    Early in my Army career, a wise old chaplain told me that I should treat every person with the same respect that I would give a general officer.  I think that was good advice.  I'm sure that I have failed to follow it at times but if we all made an effort to do so it would make a huge difference in the quality of everyone's life.  It is really just a paraphrase of the golden rule:  treat others as you would like to be treated yourself. 

    My prayer for Carlisle Barracks, as we begin a new academic year, is that we will truly be one community and will respect every person as a fellow child of God. 





Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

Carlisle Barracks, Americans urged to 're-dedicate' itself to duty as protectors of freedom



September 11, 2003-Today was a day of remembrance, reflection and rededication as Carlisle Barracks honored the memory of those who fell victim to the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

    Army War College and Carlisle Barracks students, staff, faculty, and families gathered under a sunny blue sky in front of Root Hall to pay tribute to those who not only died at the Pentagon, the World Trade Center, and in Somerset County, Pa., but those who have died around the world to preserve freedom.

    "We need to remember all of our heroes, those we lost on Sept. 11th, and those that have been lost in 2002 and 2003," said Maj. Gen. David. H. Huntoon Jr., U.S. Army War College commandant. "The firefighters and policemen in New York, the civilians and military personnel at the Pentagon, and the soldiers fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan--they are all heroes."

    Although the attacks occurred two years ago, the feelings for many are still as strong as they were that day.



    "Many people around the world are still grieving for those they lost in the attacks," said Huntoon. "All of us who live on this installation and work in this great community should recommit ourselves to the defense of our country and its ideals of liberty and justice for all."

    Those gathered were reminded that America is not alone as it continues the war on terrorism all over the world.

    "The terrorists set in motion their own demise on that day," said Pakistan Brig. Gen. Muhammad Farooq, Senior International Fellow of the Class of 2004. "The attack on America that day was an attack on the world. The world is truly united in the fight against all terrorism."

    A survivor of the Pentagon attack, Col. Scott Forster, shared his thoughts on the day that changed the world.


"For all the loved ones lost that day and since that day as we prosecute the war on terrorism, - we cannot rest,'  said Forster. "We need to continually rededicate ourselves and rededicate our nation to the fight against those who commit terrorism."

    Forster closed by issuing a challenge to those gathered, and to those fighting around the world for freedom.

    "We must be successful. Not only for those we have lost, we must be successful in the war on terrorism for those who live on and those who will follow-on after us. We will be successful for freedom and for our American way of life to endure."

     For more Sept. 11th commemoration info, go here  


Spc. David Hopkins, Public Affairs Office

Carlisle Barracks Firefighters hone skills to keep post safe


  September 9, 2003-Smoke fills the room, as fire quickly engulfs everything inside. The Carlisle Barracks fire department quickly enters the burning building to extinguish the fire, rescuing the inhabitant-- a plastic soda bottle.

    This of course was only a training exercise at the Cumberland County fire training academy site on Claremont Road for five of the post firefighters. But they prepare regularly for just such an emergency.

     "There is a lot to putting out a fire," said Maj. Robert Suskie, post provost marshal. "You just can't turn a garden hose on it.  They have to look at the type of building.  How the building is made and what it is made of make fires burn differently.  They have to take Several things under consideration: wind gusts, wind direction, ventilation, and many other things."

     The exercise was performed in a two-story brick building, which was constructed for training purposes.  The building consists of several rooms on each floor. Three rooms on the first floor were stocked with bales of hay, wood, and cardboard, which were set on fire.

    After the building was ablaze the fire truck full of full-time civilian firefighters came rushing to the site. The firefighters, wearing 55 to 70 pounds of protective gear and equipment, poured from the truck and got to work.

    Everyone had a job to do, such as preparing the hose and grabbing gear, before they entered the burning building. After the final checks were made, a couple of them disappeared through a smoke filled door while the others controlled hoses and equipment outside the building.

    In a few minutes the smoke was no longer billowing from the door and the two men emerged from the building.

   The firefighters performed the exercise three times, with an additional objective on the last try.  The third time the building was ignited there was a hidden item on the second floor that the emergency responders had to recover. 


    "I hid a plastic soda bottle on the second floor for them to find," said Jim O'Connell, fire captain.

    Finding and recovering the small bottle in the smoke filled building gives them practice at search and rescue techniques, said O'Connell.

    Each time the exercise was performed, the men exchanged duties so they could get practice in every task, said Suskie.

    The physical work and weight of the gear left the firefighters red faced and sweating. Afterwards they removed their gear and cleaned up their equipment so it would be ready for action.  

    "This is only a small fire, but the temperature inside those uniforms is over 100 degrees," said Jeffrey Bayrd, firefighter. 

    Besides the fire training the firefighters periodically train in inspections, HAZMAT training and first response training, said Bayrd.

    The exercise was considered a success, said O'Connell.

    "The training went well," said O'Connell.  This is about as realistic as you can get with a training fire."


Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

Post residents are urged to help preserve post trees


 September 10, 2003-- Imagine if someone drilled a hole into your arm, opening your body to infections, diseases and insects. This is precisely what some post residents are doing to trees on post.

   To keep trees healthy post residents are asked to not put nails, screws, wire, cable, or metal objects into the trees, like those used to anchor dog "runs" and laundry lines.  

    "It's extremely harmful to the tree. Metal objects driven into trees kill the cambium cells that lie just inside the bark," said Keith Bailey, the post tree board manager.  "Any puncture of a tree's bark exposes the wood to bacteria, viruses, and spores of fungi."

    All of these, of course, cause disease, rot, or possibly  death.

    Bailey suggested that residents anchor dog "runs" or laundry lines with nylon straps around the tree and then attach the straps to the cable.

    "Use nylon strapping around the tree and or limb leaving at lease 2/3 of the limb unwrapped," said Bailey.  "Then use some padding around the cable or chain to prevent damage to the bark."

     Damage to the tree can happen from the moment the bark is pierced.

    "As soon as there is a cut in the bark a disease can enter the trees system, " he said.  "Holes in the tree also bring an added risk of insect damage that will move up the tree as well as down through the trunk. Severe types of damage can kill a tree in days or weeks."


Carlisle Barracks tree facts

  Carlisle Barracks has over 5,000 trees, including the largest larch tree in Cumberland County and historic trees that date back to George Washington's time. The post has also been named a Tree City USA for the past 12 years, and received the Growth Award for exceptional tree care.

    To help preserve the natural beauty and history of Carlisle Barracks it's important to know how a tree lives and breathes.

    Starting at the center of the tree and working our way out.

  • The Hart of the tree or Heartwood gives the strength (Center of the tree).

  • The Sapwood or (xylem) carries the food from the roots to the leaves.

  • The Cambium is where the growth in diameter occurs, tissue for the wood inside and bark outside.

  • The Inter Bark (phloem) carries food made in the leaves and down to the branches then trunk and roots.

  • The Outer Bark protects the tree from injury.

  • The buds, root tips and cambium layer are the growing parts.

  • The tree takes in oxygen over its entire surface through breathing pores on leaves, twigs, branches, and roots.



Public Affairs Release

PEMA warns of potential flooding as a result of Hurricane Isabel

   September 16, 2003--PEMA issued a warning today that the potential for flooding exists in the state as a result of Hurricane Isabel, currently off of the Eastern U.S. Coast. Torrential rain from this hurricane has the potential for triggering flash flooding that could threaten communities with little warning.


Some important things to remember:

    A flash flood watch means that flooding may occur.  Residents should keep alert and watch rivers and streams.  If they rise - don't wait; move to high ground quickly. 

    A flash flood warning means that there is actual flooding.  Residents should act at once and move to high ground.

    Don't drive through low-lying areas if you can avoid it. Even though the roadway may not look flooded, it may be.

    Avoid parking under trees as tree limbs may fall onto your vehicle.

    Heavy rains will cause the LeTort Spring Run to flood, make sure to maintain a safe distance from the creek.

    Basements may begin to flood, if so, call DPW at- 245-4019 during normal duty hours. If it's an emergency call the fire department at 245-4119.

    High winds may cause some tree limbs to break, be aware and call DPW to report fallen limbs or trees.

    Post residents are asked to secure or store lawn furniture, basketball nets and any other loose objects they may have outside their residences.

    Tune in to local news and weather channels for updates.

    If you are on post and are in an emergency, call the Military Police at 245-4115. If off-post call 911

Some flood preparedness tips:

    Have check valves installed in building sewer traps to prevent flood waters from backing up in sewer drains.

    Plan and practice an evacuation route. Contact the local emergency management office for a copy of the community flood evacuation plan.

     This plan should include information on the safest routes to shelters. Individuals living in flash flood areas should have several alternative routes.  Have disaster supplies on hand, including:

· Flashlights and extra batteries

· Portable, battery-operated radio with extra batteries

· First aid kit and manual

· Emergency food and water

· Non-electric can opener

· Essential medicines/prescriptions

· Cash, credit cards and important legal documents (including your flood insurance policy)

· Sturdy shoes

     Develop an emergency communication plan.  In case family members are separated from one another during floods or flash floods (a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children are at school), have a plan for getting back together.

     Ask an out-of-town relative or friend to serve as the "family contact." After a disaster, it is often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of the contact person.

     Make sure that all family members know how to respond after a flood or flash flood and
teach all family members how and when to turn off gas, electricity, and water.

     Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1, the police, and the fire department.  Listen to your local Emergency Alert System (EAS) station for emergency information. Standard homeowner's policies do not cover flood damage.    

    Additional flood safety information and weather updates can be found on the PEMA Website at



Spc.  David Hopkins, Public Affairs Office

Friends, colleagues and family members bid farewell to retired Col. Brian Moore


September 3, 2003-Today the Carlisle Barracks community gathered to remember and celebrate the life of retired Marine Col. Brian D. Moore, who passed away late last week at the age of 68. 

    The Post Memorial Chapel was packed as those in attendance paid respects to Moore, a highly decorated Vietnam veteran and professor of War Fighting Studies within the Department of Military Strategy, Planning and Operations. 

    "He went out at the top of his game," said Col. David Brooks, Chairman, DMSPO. "His fingers were in a lot of things and always gave his best," said Brooks about the work ethic of Moore.

    His military career came to a close at Carlisle Barracks in 1987 with a five year stay at the U.S. Army War College where he was Director of Contingency Planning in DMSPO and senior Marine officer.  

    After retirement Moore worked as an analyst with the Ketron Division of Bionetics, Inc. for five years, before returning to the Army War College in 1992. 

    During his 21 years of service Moore was stationed in several overseas locations, which include: Denmark, Okinawa, Japan and Vietnam.

    Moore held a bachelor's degree in history from Michigan State University and a master's degree  in history from Shippensburg University.

    Moore's military decorations include the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, two Bronze Star Medals, one with V Device, three Purple Hearts, the Joint Services Commendation Medal, Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with V Device, Combat Action Ribbon, Presidential Unit Citation, Navy Unit Commendation, Meritorious Unit Commendation, National Defense Service Medal, Vietnam Service Medal with 7 stars, Sea Service Deployment Ribbon, Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with 2 Gold Stars and 1 Silver Star, Republic of  Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation, Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Action, and the Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal.

     "Brian was bigger than life.he was a legend," said retired Col. Don Boose, instructor, Department of Distance Education.  "We should celebrate what a hero he was."




Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

There's a new sheriff in town

Pa. native new post top cop

 (file photo)

August 29, 2003 -From across the Atlantic Ocean comes the new Carlisle Barracks provost marshal, but he is no stranger to Pennsylvania.

    Maj. Bob Suskie, an Abington, Pa. native and Temple University graduate, assumed duties as the head of the post Directorate of Security and Emergency Services in August. He has previously served as the executive officer for the 95th Military Police Battalion in Mannheim, Germany.

    "It's great to be back in Pennsylvania," said Suskie. "I am looking forward to the challenges that Carlisle Barracks presents and making sure that we are doing everything we can to promote a safe and secure environment for everyone."

    Keeping residents safe includes more than the military police. At Carlisle Barracks, the provost marshal is in charge of the military police, fire fighters, and the civilian guards.

    "It's a lot to oversee, but I've got great soldiers and civilians working with me that really make it easier," he said. "It really gives me an advantage to work with such outstanding people."

    The same vote of confidence was given by the "mayor" of Carlisle Barracks, who had words of praise for the new head of security.

    "Here at Carlisle we really challenge the officers selected as our PMO because we combine our military police activities with our fire department.  I know that Maj. Suskie is an outstanding addition to our team," said Lt. Col. John Koivisto, garrison commander.  "He's a dedicated Military Policeman with a proven track record. I have   faith he will do a great job and look forward to serving with him."

    Suskie pointed out, though, that safety isn't just for the MPs.

    "Watch out for each other and look out for your neighbor. Being aware of what is going on around you keeps everyone safe."

    He reminds residents that if they see anything suspicious on or around post to call the MP desk at 245-4115.


Barry Farquhar, Installation Force Protection Officer

"We are a nation at war" 

    This quote from President Bush should be foremost in our thoughts as we go about our business on Carlisle Barracks.  Our  mission to educate future strategic leaders on the employment of land power places us at the crux of our adversaries' information collection efforts.  We have information they want and they will spare no effort to obtain it.


    Maybe you think that since your work isn't classified or you believe that your work isn't important that OPSEC doesn't apply to you.  Think again. The information you possess could be the critical data needed to complete an adversary's operational mosaic. Many seemingly unimportant and unrelated items of information from multiple sources can be pieced together to form a comprehensive and damaging picture of our intentions and capabilities.


What OPSEC Means to You

What is OPSEC?

Operations Security (OPSEC) is an analytic process used to deny an adversary information - generally unclassified - concerning our intentions and capabilities by identifying, controlling, and protecting indicators associated with our planning processes or operations. OPSEC does not replace other security disciplines - it supplements them.


OPSEC - A New Mindset

Our attention to security must change now. The events of September 11th, 2001 proved there is a demonstrated and known threat. How many times have we heard that terrorism is a threat? But, most of us thought it could only happen elsewhere - not in America.

Unfortunately, we have suffered several terrorist attacks in recent years - the Oklahoma City and U.S.S. Cole attacks, and the tragic events that unfolded on September 11, 2001. In these cases, the adversary was successful because they knew our vulnerabilities. Americans at large provided much of what was used against us. The only thing our enemies brought to the table was their personal agenda and their resolve.

As Federal employees, we are the representatives of the people. We develop, we plan, we execute - the American people trust us to do our jobs and keep them safe. The mishandling of information can put everything at risk and cost the lives of many Americans.


Why is it important that we learn about OPSEC?

The information that is often used against us is not classified information; it is information that is openly available to anyone who knows where to look and what to ask.

Operations Security is a tool that our adversaries believe in ... and one that we in the United States Government need to understand and integrate into our daily routine. Our work is information, and not all of it is classified. What we don't always realize is how much we are giving away by our predictable behavior, casual conversations, routine acquisitions and other Internet information. We must be careful of what we are revealing - failure to do so could provide our adversaries with the information they need to execute additional terrorist acts.


What can I do to help thwart any future attempts to harm the United States of America?

We can all incorporate OPSEC into our everyday work routine. Practicing operations security will help you accomplish your goals. When you do something, ask yourself, "What could an adversary glean from the knowledge of this activity? Is it revealing information about what we do and how we do it?" It is helpful to view yourself and what you're doing as an adversary would. For example, what can be gained by observing your actions or reading what you place on a website?


What are OPSEC indicators?

What do people observe about your schedule? What do you do when you go to work? What are you revealing by your predictable routines and the way you do business - these are indicators. OPSEC helps people identify the indicators that are giving away information about missions, activities, and operations.


Who is the adversary?

Let's not focus strictly on terrorists right now. Remember that there are other adversaries - for example, foreign intelligence services that continue to collect information on us that could be used to hurt us in the future.

We sometimes only focus on what just happened - but it is a certainty that our adversaries will continually look for and find any weak links.     


What are the capabilities of our adversary?

We can never underestimate the capabilities or strength of conviction of terrorists or any other adversary. Nothing is more dangerous than people who are willing to die for a cause.


What is the risk?

The terrorist threat existed prior to September 11th, 2001. We just did not believe that such a horrific thing could ever happen. Everything we do involves risk - the application of the OPSEC process develops effective countermeasures to help us accomplish our future missions - by analyzing and minimizing the risk that we may inadvertently reveal critical information to our adversaries.



    Our enemy took us by surprise and we will never be the same country again. In order to effectively bring the enemy to justice, we need to maintain the element of surprise. Every element of our operation is more sensitive than ever before. We must rededicate ourselves to our mission and our country to help ensure that what transpired on September 11th will not be repeated. Security must be incorporated into every aspect of our jobs. If we are not vigilant in protecting critical information, it will happen again. The future of America depends on changing the way we look at security. OPSEC can make the difference. It is absolutely essential that it be understood and incorporated into everything we do.



Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

Barracks crow found positive for West Nile Virus

August 25, 2003 --A dead American Crow collected at the post chapel on Sumner Road Aug. 13 was reported to be positive for West Nile Virus, making it the first positive test on post in 2003.

    Carlisle Barracks has a team that cooperates to help fight the spread of the virus. The Department of Public Works, Dunham Environmental Office and Allegheny District Veterinarian Command have been monitoring the situation and doing what they can to keep the post safe.

    "Heavy rains this spring and summer have caused some water pools to develop, which is an ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes," said Keith Bailey.. DPW is treating the water biologically with Bacillus Thuringiensis, a live bacteria that will kill mosquitoes before they become airborne.

    "B.T. is safe for pets and harmless to children and the environment," said Bailey. "It seems to be making a difference in keeping the mosquito population down, and will remain in the soil and reactivate when it becomes wet again, so it will work for a few years."

    Even though things are being done to combat the mosquitoes, tests are still being conducted to see if those already there have been infected by the virus.

    "We have six ovitraps on post to collect mosquito eggs, five gravid traps designed to trap adult female mosquitoes, and we have conducted several mosquito larval surveys to locate breeding areas," said Ken Malick, Dunham Clinic Chief of Environmental Health.

     "As a result of the positive crow, we will be increasing the gravid traps from five to eight for at least the next two weeks by placing three more traps in the area where the crow was found."

    The adult mosquitoes are collected and sent to the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, North at Ft. Meade, Md., for testing.

    "If any test positive for West Nile Virus, CHPPM will notify us and the state within 24 hours," said Malick.

    Residents must check their areas to eliminate breeding sites, especially now that WNV has been found on post he said.

    Post residents who find a dead bird on post should call the Vet Clinic at 245-4168 or call the Environmental Office at 245-3902. However only "fresh" dead birds can be tested (within 24 hours), and there is no need to test birds with obvious cause of death from a predator, or car.

    Just because the bird was found on Carlisle Barracks, it doesn't mean that the bird was infected here.

    "The bird could have come from anywhere, and just died here," he said. "What is important is that we do what we can to eliminate breeding grounds so that it doesn't become a problem."
   What is West Nile Virus?

    West Nile Virus is a flavivirus commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East. It is closely related to St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals.

How do people get infected with West Nile virus (WNV)?

   The main route of human infection with West Nile virus is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds, which may circulate the virus in their blood for a few days. The virus eventually gets into the mosquito's salivary glands. When mosquitoes bite, the virus may be injected into humans and animals, where it can multiply and possibly cause illness.

If I live in an area where birds or mosquitoes with West Nile virus have been reported and a mosquito bites me, am I likely to get sick?

    No. Even in areas where the virus is circulating, very few mosquitoes are infected with the virus. Even if the mosquito is infected, less than 1% of people who get bitten and become infected will get severely ill. The chances you will become severely ill from any one mosquito bite are extremely small.

Can you get West Nile encephalitis from another person?

    No. West Nile encephalitis is NOT transmitted from person-to-person. For example, you cannot get West Nile virus from touching or kissing a person who has the disease, or from a health care worker who has treated someone with the disease.

West Nile Virus Symptoms

Most people who are infected with the West Nile virus will not have any type of illness. It is estimated that 20% of the people who become infected will develop West Nile fever:

·        Fever

·            Headache

·        Body aches

·            Occasionally with a skin rash on the trunk of the body and swollen lymph glands.

The symptoms of severe infection (West Nile encephalitis or meningitis) include

·            Headache

·        High fever

·        Neck stiffness

·        Stupor

·            Disorientation

·        Coma

·        Tremors

·            Convulsions

·        Muscle weakness

·            Paralysis

What can you do?

    West Nile Virus is a disease that is spread by infected mosquitoes. So the best defense against the West Nile Virus is not giving them a place to breed. Pay special attention to stagnant water.

·If you find a dead bird, leave it there - and phone the Veterinary Clinic at 245-4168. The Vet Clinic can help with questions about your pets, although there's little experience with dogs and cats and West Nile Virus.

·Wear long sleeves and mosquito repellent.

·Check for stagnant water. If you note stagnant water on post, call the work order desk at 245-4019.

·Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots or similar water-holding containers.

·Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers left outdoors.

·Clean roof gutters.

·Turn over wheelbarrows and plastic wading pools when not in use.

·Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish. Water gardens can become major mosquito producers if they are allowed to stagnate. Clean and chlorinate swimming pools not in use.

You can also lessen the risk of being bitten by mosquitoes by taking the following precautions:

·Stay indoors at dawn, dusk, and in the early evening.

·Apply insect repellent sparingly to exposed skin. An effective repellent will contain 20% to 35% DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide). DEET in high concentrations (greater than 35%) may cause side effects, particularly in children; avoid products containing more than 35% DEET.

·Spray clothing with repellents containing permethrin or DEET, as mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing.

·Whenever you use an insecticide or insect repellent, be sure to read and follow the manufacturer's DIRECTIONS FOR USE, as printed on the product.

·Note: Vitamin B, "ultrasonic" devices and "bug zappers" are NOT effective in preventing mosquito bites.

    For more information http://www.