Current Issue Banner Archives      

Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

PA National Guard unit steps in to assist with force protection mission


June 23, 2003 --Pennsylvania now has it's own Stryker Brigade Combat Team, and part of the unit has come to Carlisle Barracks. 

    The 2/104th Calvary unit of the Pennsylvania National Guard based out of Chambersburg, Pa arrived on post to assume to duties held by the departing 1/127th Armor unit of Olean, NY. While here it will perform the Quick Reaction Force for Homeland Security mission of the Stryker Brigade.

    "It's great to be deployed in an area so close to your home," said 1st Lt. Adam Grove, the units commander and York, Pa. resident. "It adds to the comfort of everyone to have our families so close and still be able to execute our mission."

    The unit was activated in support of Operation Noble Eagle III on June 2, and arrived on post late last week.

    In addition to performing their mission as the QRF and other force protection duties, the unit has some other goals as well.

    "We want to make sure we can get everyone MOS qualified," said Grove. "The mission comes first, but we'd like to be able to get some good training done as well." Grove pointed out that they will be doing a lot of training at Ft. Indiantown Gap in addition to the training they will do as part of their duties.

    Their time here might also allow some of the soldiers to get closer to finishing their college degrees. The quick activation did change some plans, like those of Spc. Mike Wynchar.

    "I'm only 32 credits away from graduation at Shippensburg (University) with a double major in English and Communications," Wynchar said. "I'm really looking forward to serving here, and possibly getting closer to finishing my degree."

    The departing unit felt that the 104th should have no problem stepping in and handling the mission.

    "I have total confidence in the 104th ," said 1st Lt. Brian Hyer, 127th acting commander. "We've trained with them for about a week now and I know they'll do a great job."



Maj. Stephen Layman, Army Physical Fitness Research Institute, Physical Therapist

APFRI starts programs to help prevent sports injuries


    June 26, 2003 --Resident students at the U.S. Army War College begin sports participation with softball almost immediately at the start of the academic year, and inevitably there are some who fall victim to various sports related injuries. The Army Physical Fitness Research Institute has developed a program to help educate people on how to prevent injuries, and it has already seen some positive results.

    A rash of injuries during the '02 basketball season led Col. Madden, deputy commandant to request assistance from APFRI.  A survey was conducted to determine the extent of the sports injury problem during the '02 class year. A total of 130 sports injuries were identified via the survey. 

    Based on that survey a breakdown of sports injuries was derived and used for comparison purposes for the class of '03

    Softball has the highest level of student participation and experiences the highest number of injuries. The sport survey from '02 identified 86 softball injuries compared to the '03 total of 57 injuries. This was a significant decrease in injuries and can be attributed to a collaborative effort among the AWC Command, MWR staff, Student Seminar Sport Reps and Coaches, Dunham Staff, and the APFRI. An emphasis on lowering the incidence of injury began at the very beginning of the class year during County Fair and continued throughout the year.


Sports injury rate falls


    The total number of injuries from all AWC sport participation fell from 130 in '02 to 88 in '03, a 32% decrease.  A sub category of injuries labeled "severe" was also tracked.  A severe injury was defined as a fracture, dislocation, or an injury requiring surgery.  There were 13 severe injuries in '02 and 12 in '03, an 8% decrease.

    Hamstring strain was the most common injury in both '02 and '03. Other strains and sprains of the quadriceps, knee, achilles tendon/calf region, ankle, and shoulder were the most common in both years, although, the rank order was slightly different.  Fortunately, most of the injuries were relatively minor and healed within a short period of time (1-3 weeks).  However, some injuries were more serious, requiring medical intervention, and lengthy recovery periods. 


Education plays large role


    A major portion of the injury prevention effort involves education.  APFRI was added to the list of required booths at the annual in-processing County Fair and utilized a poster presentation to highlight sports injury prevention. APFRI produced and distributed informational injury prevention brochures for each sport, and also developed exercise handouts on topics such as agility, sport specific strength, and flexibility training. A seminar sports rep brief was provided by APFRI at the start of the academic year and the dialog initiated at that meeting continued throughout the year.

    The survey initially used to obtain data was extremely useful but not as accurate as obtaining injury information on the field or at court side.  A sports injury report card was developed to account for each injury as it occurred.  The umpire/referee, seminar sports rep, and Dunham Clinic staff recorded injury information at the game site or at the clinic and forwarded it on to APFRI where it was compiled.  The redundancy built into this system provides a more accurate picture of both injury incidence and the impact of injury reduction efforts.


Age also plays a role

    Sports injuries occur regardless of age but individuals in the over-40 age group can be more at risk.  The average age of the AWC resident student is about 43 years. Connective tissue within the muscle tendon complex and around joints gradually becomes less elastic and more prone to injury in the over-40 population. The AWC student falls squarely in this vulnerable age group.

    Fitness level is not always a good predictor of injury.  Someone who runs regularly, but has not sprinted to first base in years, will often strain a hamstring muscle as readily as a less fit individual.  Factors such as competitive drive may also come into play. An early examination of those individuals who sustained hamstring strains showed that the aerobic and strength fitness levels of those injured were generally higher than the class average.  This hamstring injury sub group also had blood pressure scores higher than the class average, which may also suggest a "type-A" component to the emerging injury risk profile.  As APFRI continues to examine the data, it may be possible to refine injury prevention intervention efforts to target the most vulnerable within this over-40 group.

 Carlisle Barracks mosquitoes test negative for WNV

    None of the mosquito samples taken from Carlisle Barracks have tested have for West Nile Virus according to Tom Kelly, director of the posts public works directorate. Tests will continue over the summer and residents are urged to do what they can to prevent areas for mosquitoes to breed. See related story.


Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

Post takes steps to prevent West Nile Virus and what you can do to help


 June 18, 2003 -- It's almost summer again, so that means one thing, West Nile Virus season. In 2002, the WNV was detected in 62 Pennsylvanians and contributed to the deaths of nine people.

    While Carlisle Barracks has never had a case of the mosquito-borne virus in humans, an area of concern is the field that runs next to the Letort Spring Run by the exit gate, or Route 11 gate. Heavy rains have caused the Letort to overflow its bank at times, making the field a flood plain, according to Keith Bailey, who works in the post safety office. .

    "With all the rain we've had, the area has not been able to dry out," Bailey said. "Attempts to cut the grass with equipment or hand operation have caused the equipment to bog down and get stuck." Bailey went on to say it may be well into the summer until the grass may be able to be cut.  As a result, this could set the conditions for mosquitoes to breed.

    In order to combat the possible mosquito problem, the Department of Public is treating the water biologically with Bacillus Thuringiensis, which is a live bacteria that will kill mosquitoes before they become airborne.

    "B.T. is safe for pets and harmless to children and the environment," said Bailey. "It will remain in the soil and reactivate when it becomes wet again, so it will work for a few years."

    Even though things are being done to combat the mosquitoes, tests are still being conducted to see if those already there have been infected by the virus.

    "We have conducted larval mosquito surveys of areas around post and collected samples to test when they become adults," said Ken Malick, Dunham Clinic Chief of Environmental Health.  "We have also placed light traps and gravid traps to collect adult mosquitoes in the area."

    The adult mosquitoes are collected and sent to the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventative Medicine North at Ft. Meade, Md. for testing.

    "If any test positive for West Nile Virus CHPPM will notify us and the state within 24 hours," said Malick. "We have been collecting adult mosquitoes and dead birds on Carlisle Barracks for years, and have only had one crow test positive for West Nile Virus two years ago."

    "If a sample should turn up positive, the post will work with state and local officials to control the spread, " said Bailey. "We have no plans to spray at this time, the use of B.T. should do what is required."


What you can do

West Nile Virus is a disease that is spread by infected mosquitoes. So the best defense against the West Nile Virus is not giving them a place to breed. Pay special attention to stagnant water.

  • If you find a dead bird, leave it there - and phone the Veterinary Clinic at 245-4168

    . If you have questions about your pets, the Vet Clinic can help with questions about your pets, although there's little experience with dogs and cats and West Nile Virus.

  • Take extra precautions about mosquitoes when the weather warms and remains above 50 degrees: wear long sleeves and mosquito repellent.

  • Check your property for stagnant water. Change water in bird baths and still ponds at least weekly.

  • Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots or similar water-holding containers that have collected on your property.

  • Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers left outdoors.


Have clogged roof gutters cleaned every year, particularly if the leaves from surrounding trees have a tendency to plug up the drains. Roof gutters can produce millions of mosquitoes each season.


Turn over wheelbarrows and plastic wading pools when not in use.


Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish. Water gardens can become major mosquito producers if they are allowed to stagnate. Clean and chlorinate swimming pools not in use. Mosquitoes may even breed in the water that collects on pool covers.


Check your landscaping for standing puddles that last for more than four days.


Don't handle any birds; tell your children.


    If you note stagnant water on post, call the work order desk at 245-4019.


    You can also lessen the risk of being bitten by mosquitoes by taking the following precautions:



Stay indoors at dawn, dusk, and in the early evening.


Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants whenever you are outdoors.


Apply insect repellent sparingly to exposed skin. An effective repellent will contain 20% to 35% DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide). DEET in high concentrations (greater than 35%) may cause side effects, particularly in children; avoid products containing more than 35% DEET.


Repellents may irritate the eyes and mouth, so avoid applying repellent to the hands of children. Insect repellents should not be applied to very young children (< 3 years old).


Spray clothing with repellents containing permethrin or DEET, as mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing.


Whenever you use an insecticide or insect repellent, be sure to read and follow the manufacturer's DIRECTIONS FOR USE, as printed on the product.


Remove standing water around your home. Pay special attention to any containers that may collect water and store them in a manner that would not allow water to accumulate in them.


Note: Vitamin B, "ultrasonic" devices and "bug zappers" are NOT effective in preventing mosquito bites or controlling mosquitoes. 


Install and use yellow "bug" lights at exterior door entrances, including garage and carport areas.  Yellow "bug" lights will attract fewer mosquitoes and other flying insects to you door, reducing the number of uninvited guest in your home or office.






Ann Marie Wolf, Employee Assistance Program Manager

Summer Sense:  Enjoy the summer, but drink responsibly


    June 19, 2003 --Summer's here, and there are graduation celebrations, holiday festivities and barbeques almost every weekend.  Everyone needs to relax and unwind, but doing it responsibly is the key.  And responsibly means having a designated driver, or having just one drink. 

    Everyone likes to have a drink now and then, but do it responsibly.  Have one beer, then switch to soda, water, or iced tea. Don't just sit around, either!  Get active, mingle!  Eat food while if you are having a drink.  This doesn't completely absorb the alcohol from you system, but it slows down the absorption rate.  Sip your drink, make it last!  Then you're less likely to want another.  Be aware of unfamiliar drinks, save those for another time when you're not driving.  And always pay attention to any medications you may be on if you are planning to have a drink.

    Pennsylvania has some of the strictest drunk driving arrest laws in the country.  Did you know that PA is one of only 14 states that can arrest a driver with a Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of .08.  Or that in 2001, PA State Troopers arrested 12,345 drunk drivers?  Or that some of the police officers with the highest rates of DUI arrests in the state are right here in Cumberland County?

    Can you afford a DUI?  Besides the cost of an attorney, if you are convicted, you face the possibility of a $5,000 fine and up to 2 years in prison.  Your driver's license could be suspended for one year.  Do you really want to take the bus for a year?  And that's just if this is your first DUI! 

    So think before you drink!  And do it responsibly.  Save your own life, as well as that of someone you love. 


Drinking, Boating and the Law


    What could be better than a day of sun and fun on a boat on the Susquehanna River?  Not being arrested for Boating under the Influence (BUI).  Pennsylvania does not take drinking and boating lightly.  With BUI, as with DUI, an operator is considered impaired at .08 BAC. 

    Last year, in a 3 month time frame (June, July and August)  70 BUI arrests were made statewide.  This is amazing, considering the time frame AND the fact that there is only 1 Waterways Conservation Officer (WCO) assigned per county, and some counties have no boating enforcement at all.  Beware, because one WCO patrolling in this region is responsible for a majority of these arrests!  The majority of the arrests were made on the Susquehanna River and Raystown lake, two recreation areas convenient to Carlisle.  This number of BUI does not include what the U.S. Coast Guard, Philadelphia or Pittsburgh Marine Police arrested.

    BUI is similar to DUI.  The officer will conduct field sobriety tests, chemical testing, such as Breathalyzer testing, and will prosecute you to the fullest extent of the law.  If you refuse to submit to chemical testing, your boating privileges can be suspended for up to one year, and you may be tested via urinalysis or blood testing.  If convicted of BUI in court, your fine will be not less than $500 but up to $7,500.  There is a chance of prison time, up to two years, plus the loss of boating privileges for a year.  The officer may also decide to charge you with other offenses, such as reckless or negligent operation of boats, public drunkenness, and disorderly conduct. 

    Boating and alcohol consumption are NOT compatible.  Alcohol affects your judgment, your balance and your vision, all of which you need to operate any kind of motor craft.  Combine this with the fact that water conditions are often unpredictable, and it's a deadly combination. 

    Be safe!  Again, use your head.  Don't drink and operate any kind of vehicle.   



Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

ESPC project hits delays due to rain, begins interior installations

 June 19, 2003 --When it rains 26 of 31 days in a month, the water is going to have a negative impact on anything you are doing, especially if you are drilling holes in the ground," say Garry Sexton, Construction Manager for the Co-Energy Group, the group responsible for drilling the wells.

    "Normally the below ground water levels are between 70-95 feet," Sexton said. "With all the rain we've had, it's more like 10-17 feet below the surface." Sexton estimates that there is an average of 250,000 gallons of mud and water encountered per well while drilling.

    "Usually it only takes three weeks from start to finish per well," said Sexton. "All of the unexpected rain has impacted the process significantly." Sexton said that re-seeding of the grass should be completed by the fall.

    The large amounts of mud and water made for some messy conditions, especially on Forbes Ave, but residents praised the workers for doing their best to keep it as clean as possible.

    "The crews made it very palatable to deal with," said Maj. Randy Readshaw, a Forbes Ave. resident. "The kids loved all of the mud, but your guys did what they could to make sure it didn't get into the houses."

     That being said, the drilling of the wells on Carlisle Barracks in 51% complete, with work now currently ongoing in the Garrison Lane area.   

    The interior installation phase has also now begun in the Marshall Ridge housing area, and residents should begin hearing soon from the Co-Energy Group to schedule an appointment.  Forbes Ave. installation is expected to begin in July.

    "We are going to work around the residents schedules as much as possible, " Sexton said. "We have time now at the beginning of the project to be more flexible with the interior work, but as time goes on we may have to tighten our schedule." Sexton said that residents should be notified at least a week in advance of planned work.

    Residences in the Forbes Ave. and Coren Apartments will have two units installed, one in the lower level and one in the attics. Marshall Ridge will have two per building, one per unit. Each house will also receive new hot water tanks.

    The drilling schedule is also not going to have any impact on the Distance Education graduation or the U.S. Army war College change of command ceremonies, both in July.

    "We've made sure that we will be out of those areas in time for both of those events," said Sexton.


LES statements going electronic   

    June 3, 2003 --As part of a Department of Defense wide initiative, Army personnel will receive their last hard copy Leave and Earnings Statement (LES) on June 30.   All Army personnel will require a MyPay account to obtain monthly LES, they will no longer come through organizations and units. 

    The MyPay site allows registered users to perform all of the normal account transactions normally done over the phone and in person at the Human Resource Division.

    "You can adjust your allotments,  look up an old LES or check on your pay accounts," said Maj. Randy Readshaw, operations officer at HRD. "It's going to make the process much easier for users and alleviate some of the administrative burden associated with printing and distributing the LES."  Readshaw also went on to point out that the LES is usually available a week before the actual pay date.

    More information may be found at and Instructions to establish an account can also be found at



Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

Army War College taps new dean 


 June 12, 2003 -- The Army War College has chosen the man to lead it through an ever changing world.  Dr. William Johnsen has been named the Dean of Academics and will help guide the war college through the next era of educating strategic leaders effective June 23.

    Johnsen, a 20-year Army veteran and 1994 graduate of the USAWC, has served as the associate dean since 1999. He has been the acting dean since  the sudden death of Col. Kevin Cunningham, who passed away early this year.

   "I learned a lot from both Col. Cunningham and Col. Jeff McCausland, his predecessor," Johnsen said. "It was a very intense learning experience. They were both powerful, long-range thinkers. It helped immensely."  

    The dean of academics has a wide area of responsibility, to include planning, developing and coordinating the curriculum for both the resident and distance programs, as well as six other programs.

    "Our planning is not only for the resident and distance programs," Johnsen said. "We're also constantly working on other programs such as the Reserve Component National Security Issues Seminar and the Senior Reserve Component Officer Course. We are constantly working on ways to improve the courses for the students and faculty."  

    Johnsen said he hopes to continue the long-range planning he has witnessed, while dealing with some other short-term goals.

    "It's a busy time for the war college," he said. "We're in the process of working on two accreditations, and doing our curriculum review. So it's an exciting time." The war college is in the process of renewing accreditation for Joint Education, a military requirement, as well as the seeking the Middle States Committee on Higher Education accreditation, a masters degree equivalent accreditation, explained Johnsen.

    Those who have worked with Johnsen for the last few years feel that he will be successful in his new position.

    "Dr. Johnsen was most qualified for the position, and is very familiar with the war college," said Col. Mike Colpo, USAWC Chief of Staff. "He was also strongly recommended by the department chairs, and we all have no doubt he will do a great job."

    Typically, the position is held by a military officer, but Colpo said the decision was made to hire Johnsen for a number or reasons.

    "It really helps us to maintain some continuity, " Colpo said. "It gives the commandant the ability to choose between a military or civilian candidate. The position has some flexibility to hire the best candidate." The deputy position will be filled by an active-duty colonel, he added.

    "Our job here is to develop a quality curriculum in which we help develop the best leaders for the future force," Johnsen said. "We've got a great faculty and great curriculum to help us do that. I have no doubt we will continue to help develop great leaders."


Peter Baker, Public Affairs Office

AER contribution soars to new high  


    June 18, 2003 --Every year, members of the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks community are given the opportunity to contribute to the Army Emergency Relief fund.  This year, the Barracks raised $23,569, a new record.

    Even with the $7,200 increase in donations from last year, the Barracks still did not meet the goal set by Lt. Col. John Koivisto, Garrison Commander.  Anne Hurst, Assistant AER organizer, is pleased nonetheless. 

    "We worked for the goal and managed to improve on previous years' donations."

    Hurst also pointed out that this year's unprecedented contribution is particularly impressive given the large number of soldiers deployed to Iraq from the nearby Fort Indiantown Gap training facility.  In the past, she said, Fort Indiantown has donated much more to the AER campaign.

    Koivistio pointed out the importance of the program, especially during wartime.

    "This program means a lot to us, " said Koivisto.   "This is a program which helps out soldiers when they really need it."

   Since 1942, AER has provided grants and loans to American soldiers worldwide.  These grants and loans are awarded on a case-by-case basis, and often help soldiers cope with financial emergencies or fund their children's educations.  Although sponsored by the Department of the Army, AER receives no government funding. 

    If you missed the chance to donate during the Carlisle Barracks campaign and wish to do so, simply stop by the office of Community Affairs or mail a check to:


200 Stovall Street, Room 5N13
Alexandria, VA 22332-0600



Carol Kerr, Public Affairs Office

War College grads urged to 'keep soldiers first'



June 7, 2003 -- Afghanistan, Iraq, the Global War on Terrorism and other operational challenges await the 339 students who received Master's degree diplomas from the U.S. Army War College here June 7 in Bliss Hall. In the college's lecture hall for one last time, the school celebrated the end of a 10-month Strategic Studies curriculum with full color, ceremony, and the patriotic accompaniment of the 307th Army Band.

    In Navy white, Army green, Air Force blue, the navy and white of the Marine Corps and an array of distinctive uniforms from 41 nations, the students received diplomas and congratulations from USAWC Commandant Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany and commencement speaker Gen. James T. Hill.

    Hill was the first to receive the Master of Strategic Studies award - an honorary one presented by Ivany in recognition of General Hill's service to the Army and the nation.

    As commander of the U.S. Southern Command with responsibility throughout 32 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, he leads personnel from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Coast Guard. But his remarks to the "purple" Class of 2003, representing all services, were pointedly "green" and even "hooah!"

    "I am a soldier and on my shoulders rests at once the history and the future of this great nation - and I am proud of who and what I am," said Hill.

    "We come to our profession and the Army War College from different service cultures, different national cultures," he noted. "The power of joint and coalition operations is the perfect blending of those cultures for the common good.

    "At the beginning and end of the day, we derive our strength from the soldier - our volunteers from Lexington to Baghdad, our individual soldiers, NCOs and officers. Indeed, an Army of One."

     It wasn't B'1s or M1A1s that took down Baghdad, he said. It was the determined human spirit inside those machines, he said. "Everything we are as an Army turns on the individual soldier. Soldiers of a free nation, respected and treated fairly and justly, fight harder than any despot's soldier..

    "And when the fighting is done, our soldiers turn right around and render aid to their former enemies," said Hill. "They are our nation's blessing.

    "You are one of those soldiers and yet, you are much more," he said. "You are senior leaders of the Army - with a sacred obligation to serve, selflessly, the soldier."

    It's an outstanding achievement to graduate from the U.S. Army War College, but that's already the past, he said. He challenged the class to remember and serve the soldier as they enter new phases of professional life. Not all can be the Chief of Staff of the Army, but all can be role models.

    "Because you've done so well to this point and because the institutional Army needs your skills, almost all of you will not return to troop units, and thus move away from a key source of inspiration. You're going to be in a daily battle not to forget those young soldiers and where you came from. You've got to be careful not to fall into the trap of feeling sorry for yourself when you have a frustrating, but necessary job in the bowels of the Pentagon.

    Do not allow yourself to fall prey to cynicism or frustration," he said.

     "If you didn't tear up at some of the Army of One commercials during the war - the ones with the battalion and brigade colors, the ones that bespoke heritage and duty -- you have missed the point of service.

    "To the outsider, the 101st or the 173rd or 3-7th are mere numbers," he continued. "But to us, those numbers and others are sacred and resonate to the depths of our souls.

    "Units are not inanimate. They are people who go in harm's way. They are privates, sergeants, lieutenants and captains. Sons and daughters, father and mothers, brothers and sisters - each a source of pride for their loved ones. They represent history and they represent heroes. The regiments and divisions live on and on because each generation of Americans gives its sons and daughters to them.

    No matter how our Army evolves, or what we transform into, or what new machines we get, our soul remains people.

    "Continue to be the role model and selfless servant that got you here this morning," said the SOUTHCOM commander. "The lives you touch in a meaningful way will be the legacy you leave. If the soldiers you set the example for become like you, then our institution will thrive.  Without your continued steady, honorable, selfless example, however, the institution's future is in peril.

    "Set the example. Remember your regiment. Soldier on."



Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany, USAWC Commandant
Commandant bids farewell to post


 As happens in each career, mine is coming to a close.  While I have thoroughly enjoyed each and every one of my 34 years in service, I will remember most fondly those years spent here at Carlisle Barracks.  Among the many places the Army has sent us, Carlisle stands out as being unique.  It is a special place, and my family and I will miss it when we go.

    One of the many things that make Carlisle special is the sense of community we enjoy here.  The local community is as welcoming and friendly as any we have experienced, and the support we have received over the years has been essential to accomplishing our mission of educating strategic leaders.

    The people who live and work on Carlisle Barracks are what make this a special place.  Seldom have so many great people been assembled together in one place to serve their community and their nation.  It is easy to see the Army War College's values in practice every day:  "We stand by everyone in their time of need" and "We do our 'best' each day and are proud of it." The effect of these simple statements, and the degree to which they are lived every day in Carlisle make this a place like no other in the Army.

    I want to thank each and every one of you for doing your best, and urge you to continue to keep Carlisle Barracks the special place that it is.  Marianne and I have received nothing but the greatest support from everyone here, and it will be difficult for us to leave.  We will keep this community in our prayers, and will look forward to when we can return for a visit.  God Bless you all.


Robert R. Ivany

Major General, U.S. Army





Merit Scholarships Awarded to 35 High School and College Students

    Editors note: Some names were omitted from the print copy of the June 2003 Banner. The complete list appears below.

The recipients of the 2003 Merit Scholarship are: 


         Melanee Cloy - Carlisle High School

         Allison Cook - Cumberland Valley High School

         Alexander Davis - Carlisle High School

         Keith Dickman - Carlisle High School

         Donovan Groh - Carlisle High School

         Michelle Harvey - Trinity High School

         Carie Hilton - Carlisle High School

         David Lukefahr - Carlisle High School

         Joanne Pearson - Carlisle High School

         Rebecca Roberts - Carlisle High School

         Lisa Snell - Carlisle High School

         Jacob Troxell - Carlisle High School

         Hank Worrell - Carlisle High School


         Nickolas Auger - Drexel University

         Amanda Case - University of Washington

         Melissa Colpo - Penn State University

         Samantha Dickerson - Harrisburg Area Community College

         Megan Foster - George Mason University

         Logan Groh - Shippensburg University

         Kristen Herold - Shippensburg University

         Julianne Ivany - Marquette University

         Sarah Johnson - Cedarville University

         Siobhan Kane - St. Bonaventure University

         Katherine Koivisto - Oklahoma Christian University

         Kevin Longo - Pepperdine University

         Matthew McQuaig - Grove City College

         Lauren Meinhart - Rochester Institute of Technology

         Stephanie Miller - Penn State University

         Jennie Murray - California University of Pennsylvania

         Gail Pearson - Mount St. Mary's College

         Ryan Sajac - Haverford College

         Sherry Snell - Kutztown University

         Nicole Wilhelm - Towson University

         Kathryn Willmann - Albright College

         Lauren Worrell - William and Mary





Lewis and Clark expedition commemoration continues


   Perhaps no other episode in American history better represents the courage, determination, and dedication of the American soldier than the epic journey of the Corps of Discovery.
    In May 1804, Captain Meriwether Lewis, Captain William Clark, and a select group of volunteers from the United States Army and civilian life ventured west towards the Pacific coast. The skill, teamwork, and courage of each soldier contributed significantly to the success of the expedition. When the soldiers finally returned in September 1806, their journey had already captured the admiration and imagination of the American people. Over the past two hundred years, the Lewis and Clark Expedition has become famous as the triumph of human achievement.

    Want more information on the U.S. Army Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commemoration.




Jim Thorpe gymnasium video
    View streaming video below about the newly renovated Jim Thorpe Hall gymnasium. If you receive an error message, upgrade to the newest version of Windows Media Player.
Requires Windows Media Player
Broadband (9.4 MB)
Dial up (941 KB)


See photos of the Jim Thorpe Hall gymnasium.



Peter Baker, Public Affairs Office

IF program to fall under DCIA

   "Putting an international program under International Affairs" -- this, according to Col. Bill Vogt, who directs the Army War College International Fellows Program, is the logic behind the upcoming realignment of his office.  The IF Program welcomes senior military officials from 42 countries to USAWC every year.  The IFP currently reports to the Dean of Academics, but on June 28 -- one day before the class of 2004 arrives -- the program will fall under the Deputy Commandant for International Affairs.

    Vogt views the realignment as a "streamlining" motivated by the fact that the IFP office does not handle academic affairs.  Its tasks are oriented to human resources: assigning housing, finding civilian sponsors, planning trips, and aiding international fellows in the cultural acclimation process.  The shift of responsibility is designed to reflect the nature of these tasks and simplify their execution.

    "I'm pleased with the decision," commented DCIA Christine Shelly.  "Organizationally, it makes good sense ... It also reflects what has emerged in practice: close cooperation between the DCIA and the IF office to ensure the wellbeing and academic success of our international fellows."

    Excited as he may be about these upcoming changes and their accompanying benefits, Vogt won't stay to appreciate them.  After two years as the IF program director, Vogt will assume command of the Defense Reduction Agency's European Office.  After leaving the  USAWC, he will be responsible for arms control work in Europe and the former Soviet Union.  He will be replaced by Col. Roy Hawkins.

    As it prepares for another academic year, the International Fellows Program is still seeking civilian sponsors for visiting officials.  Civilian sponsors help welcome international fellows to Carlisle and America by hosting and attending social activities with their IF families.  Ed Kemp is a longtime civilian sponsor; call him at 717-259-0435 to learn more about sponsorship.  Alternatively, contact the USAWC International Fellows office at 717-245-4830.



Ann Marie Wolfe, Employee Assistance Program Manager

Summer Sense: A Parent's Guide to Teenage Parties


    With graduation, good-byes, and summer festivities approaching, perhaps it's time to think about party guidelines for your teens and pre-teens. 

  • Plan your party in advance, so you know who is coming, and prevent the open party effect.  

  • Set a time limit and stick to it.  No early arrivals or late departures - make sure this is made clear to all guests.

  • Agree to rules with your teen/pre-teen ahead of time.

  • Know your responsibilities and legal obligations. 

  • Have another parent or other parents over during the party.

  • If your child is a guest, call ahead, find out their ground rules, who will be in attendance, and the time(s).

  • Make it easy for your teen or pre teen to leave - let them know you're more than happy to come get them from a situation in which they are uncomfortable, such as drug or alcohol use.  Let them know you won't penalize them for the actions of others by coming to get them when things are getting out of control. 

  • Remind them to never get into a car with someone who has been drinking or using drugs.

  • Be sure you are up to greet your teen/pre teen when they get home. 










Public Affairs release

Distance students to start classes, cut Army Birthday cake


     U.S. soldiers and citizens worldwide will celebrate the 228th Birthday of the U.S. Army on Flag Day: Saturday, June 14.

    Anyone in uniform - and anyone who knows someone in the Army -- can be proud of the job they are doing.

    Our men and women in Army uniform have performed brilliantly and sacrificed much in the global way against terrorism. They carry on the extraordinary standards of the veterans who have gone before them and keep alive the spirit and pride in our Army.

    Soldiers are protecting America's freedom at hundreds of locations around the world - a major part of winning Operation Iraqi Freedom ..leading Operation Enduring Freedom in the global war on terrorism . ensuring the Homeland Defense of America . remembering the bravery of those who sacrificed their lives for our freedom . maintaining our commitments to allies and friends across the globe.

    The Army is at war - and transforming for the future. With technology, training, teamwork and Army values, our soldiers will be ready for both today's missions and the future's uncertainties.

    At the U.S. Army War College, where education is our business, a new class of distance education students will celebrate the Army birthday with cake at 10 a.m., June 16 on the Root Hall patio with cake. The Distance Education Class of 2004 starts a two-week residence at Carlisle Barracks, midway through the two-year distance-delivered version of the War College.

    Across central Pennsylvania, active duty, Reserve and National Guard units will acknowledge the birthday - to include the Army birthday cake-cutting at the Harrisburg Senators game, Saturday at 5 p.m. -- highlighted by the aerial arrival of the Army's Golden Knights parachute performance team.  

    Since its birth on  June 14, 1775 -- over a year before the Declaration of Independence -- the United States Army has played a vital role in the growth and development of our nation. Soldiers have fought many wars, from the American Revolution through the Cold War, the Gulf War, to the current War on Terrorism. This 228th Birthday is a recognition of The Army's history, traditions, and service to the Nation. The Army--At War and Transforming.

    For more information go here or to the Official U.S. Army Birthday website



Roberto Ruiz, MA, Army Physical Fitness Research Institute

Exercise is best medicine              


    A vast body of literature exists regarding exercise as it relates to health.  It has been reported that over 250, 000 deaths a year are directly attributed to physical inactivity in the U.S and at a cost of $1 trillion over the next decade.These are staggering numbers where the 'cure' is achievable and is solely in one's control.  Some experts in the world of exercise, health, and disease prevention characterize physical inactivity as a disease because it's of  epidemic proportions.2   The American Heart Association (AHA) reports that physical inactivity is equal to other risk factors such as elevated cholesterol, high blood pressure, and cigarette smoking.

    Evidence proves overwhelmingly, some form of exercise can reduce the likelihood of acquiring a chronic disease as the aging process occurs.  Additionally, exercise or increasing the level of activity can reduce the symptoms of chronic diseases or ailments, thereby increasing the quality of life.  It is increasingly apparent that as one ages, physical activity becomes more and more important.  The reality is that most individuals actually decrease their daily physical activities in the form of exercise, hobbies, sports and increase their sedentary lifestyle (driving, watching TV).  When one is young, a higher metabolism and a more active lifestyle  meet most peoples requirements for physical activity.  Most individuals were involved in sports in high school, or other physical activities, and generally were more active.  As one enters the 'real world' be it college, trade school or getting a 'real' job, physical inactivity rises and the problem is compounded with added responsibilities such as children.  Children (rightfully) become a priority and, seemingly, exercise and other activities are put on hold.  A happy medium should be sought to benefit oneself and at the same time implement healthy lifestyle behaviors to offspring.

    As the aging process occurs, your body's metabolism will decrease.  This 'slowing down' is partly due to aging and partly to decreasing physical activity, resulting in decreased muscle mass, which in turn decreases metabolism.  As our society 'slows down' and our 'super size' eating habits are increasingly apparent, it is more and more important to be physically active in order to minimize the risk of a vast variety of diseases. 

    Prevention of many diseases begins early in life.  Many argue that disease begins in early childhood, when lifestyle norms become engrained.  The AHA reports that by the age of 16 years, 31% of white girls and 56% of black girls do no habitual physical activity.  Cardiovascular disease usually does not develop in someone until their 40's, but the processes of the disease begins many, many years beforehand.  This can be said about many chronic diseases or conditions.  Some diseases are genetic and one has little to no control, such as arthritis, but decreasing the ill effects and living a full life is possible if one maintains a sound exercise program.  

    Here is a list of some chronic diseases with some general exercise recommendations.  If you or somebody you know, has any of these conditions, it is important to obtain clearance from the physician treating that particular disease and talk to an exercise professional. 


Cardiovascular Disease

    Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) covers many different conditions and has the highest number of individuals that are afflicted; 62 million Americans diagnosed with CVD and growing in number annually.  Some forms of CVD consist of hypertension, coronary artery disease (heart attack, angina), congestive heart failure, stroke, and congenital heart disease.  One misconception with CVD is that it only inflicts the elderly, but only 25 million (of 65 million diagnosed) are age 65 and older.  Additionally, although more men are afflicted 60, 000 more women die from CVD than men (reported by AHA).  Exercise can reduce the risk of acquiring one of these conditions and help in the recovery.   For prevention of cardiovascular disease it is important to develop healthy eating habits and be active.  Take the stairs instead of the elevator, walk to the store instead of driving, and take the long way instead of the short cuts to whatever the destination.  The AHA recommends 3-6 times a week of continuous aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes, at an intensity of 50-60% of heart rate max (HRmax = (220-age) X %).  Modes of activity include walking, jogging, biking, hiking, and swimming.  For more detailed guidelines on exercise and the heart go to



    Diabetes Mellitus comes in two forms. Type 1, generally referred to as insulin-dependent or juvenile onset, and Type 2, generally referred to as non-insulin dependent or adult onset.  Insulin is the transporter of blood sugars into the tissues, and if insulin cannot enter the tissue, neither can the blood sugar preventing the use of sugar for energy.  Type 1 is a deficiency in insulin, requiring an injection or an insulin 'pump'.  Type 1diabetes is genetic by nature and diagnosed when the individual is young, hence the name juvenile diabetes.  In Type 2, generally there is adequate or even elevated amounts of insulin, but the tissues have become resistant to the insulin, therefore not allowing the blood sugars to enter the cells.  The AHA reports individuals with diabetes are 2 to 4 times more likely to develop heart disease by causing damage to the lining of the arteries.  These arteries can be in the heart (coronary artery disease), feet (decreased circulation), or eyes (glaucoma, retinopathy), which are all concerns with someone with diabetes.  In the management of diabetes, regular exercise should be included, in addition to pharmacological and diet interventions.  In Type 1, exercise is not considered a treatment, but recommended for general good health.   In Type 2, exercise increases insulin sensitivity to the tissues, possibly allowing a lower dose of medication and a reduction in body weight.  The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends a low intensity of aerobic training for longer durations for someone with Type 2 diabetes.  The ADA recommends an intensity of 50-60% of HRmax (see previous paragraph for HRmax calc.) 3-4 days a week for 30-60 minutes per session (check blood glucose before and after exercise and keep feet dry and blister free ).  For prevention follow the AHA  recommendations for a healthy heart.  Epidemiological studies increasingly show that regular aerobic exercise can prevent Type 2 diabetes, especially if there is family history or other risk factors.  For more information on diabetes and exercise please go to



    The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) reports that over 55%, using Body Mass Index (BMI), of Americans are either over weight (BMI 25-29) or obese (BMI>30). The cost to treat obese related ailments is over 100 billion dollars annually.  Obesity is a condition where the individual is severely over fat, meaning they have excessive body fat.  Obesity is linked to many of the cardiovascular conditions and Type 2 diabetes mention previously.  Some reasons contributing to obesity are a genetic predisposition, over eating, hormonal imbalance, and physical inactivity.  As little as a 9 lbs. weight loss in an overweight person lasting over a two year period has been shown to reduce the likelihood of Type 2 diabetes in a individual with a family history.  Obesity contributes to orthopedic conditions, ranging from joint aches to arthritis, leading to degenerate joint disease in the knee, hip, and back.  Exercise has proven to decrease body weight by expending more calories, and if diet is modified, then the loss is more dramatic and tends to be long term.  Recommendations for someone who is obese are similar to cardiovascular prevention: 3-5 times a week at an intensity of 50-60% HRMax, and a duration of 30-60 minutes each session increasing intensity (as expressed in HR response) over time. It is recommended to strength train 2-3 times a week working all the major muscle groups at a low intensity, thereby increase strength and muscle endurance.  Although it has not been independently demonstrated to change body composition in the obese, strength training is important for long term weight loss.  In addition to the increased calories burned during exercise, the increase in muscle mass boosts resting metabolism and in turn burns more calories at rest.    For information please visit the ACSM's web page at:  Click position STANDS and then click Appropriate Intervention Strategies for Weight Loss and Prevention of Weight Regain for Adults.


Other Chronic Diseases and Ailments

    Osteoporosis is a disease that causes decrease of  bone mass and is seen predominately in women.  This 'silent' disease is one in which the effects are often hidden until the later years of life.   Bones become frail and fragile and the incidence of fracture increases, thereby increasing the risk of fracture and possibly a bed-ridden state.   For many, this disease is preventable or the effects reduced by exercising, specifically, weight bearing exercises and diet (increase calcium).    For information please the ACSM web page previously supplied and click Osteoporosis and Exercise

    Cancer is a disease that can afflict every aspect in the human body. Many forms of cancer are inherited and have genetic origins.  It is unclear that exercise alone is adequate for prevention, as many other factors need to be considered, such as genetics, environment, and diet.  Regular exercise may reduce the risk for colon and breast cancer.  What exercise has demonstrated to do is help in the recovery of the ill effects from radiation and chemotherapy.  Aerobic exercise and strength training have been shown to decrease fatigue, decrease hospital stay, and decrease the chance of infection.  To date, there are no guidelines for exercise and cancer patients, but generally patients should exercise aerobically and strength train at a low intensity a few times a week.  Aerobic exercise has shown to increase the ability of day to day tasks, allowing these patients to feel better about themselves and be more self sufficient.  Please refer to the American Cancer Society's web page  for more information regarding prevention

    Clearly there are many, many more conditions that can be listed.  The take home message is start moving and remain active to prevent some (if not all) or minimize the effects of these diseases; living a long fruitful life!


1. Booth FW, et al. Waging War on Modern Chronic Diseases: Primary Prevention Through Exercise Biology. J Appl Physiol 2000; 88:774-787.

2. McKay HA, et al. Exercise Interventions for Health: Time to Focus on Dimensions, Delivery, and Dollar. Br J Sports Med 2003; 37:98-99.

For more general information regarding these diseases please visit these web pages.  or   (osteoporosis)




Class of 2003 graduation information


 Graduation for the US Army War College Class of 2003 will be June 7 at 9:30 a.m. at Wheelock Bandstand.  All guests and friends are invited to sit in the guest seating areas to observe the ceremony.  In case of inclement weather, the ceremony will be held in Bliss Hall with guest seating in Reynolds Theatre and throughout Root Hall. 

    In addition, the ceremony will be broadcast over the post cable channel so it can be viewed throughout on-post housing.  Should the bandstand not be used for the ceremony, information on the graduation location will be published on the Carlisle Barracks Information Line (245-3700), on TV Channel 14, Military Police will make announcements throughout the post, and signs will be posted at the entrance gate.

Traffic changes   

   In support of the graduation ceremony Sat, June 7 , Lovell Avenue will be one-way traffic from Pratt to Guardhouse Lane, and Flower Road will be changed to two-way traffic from 8 a.m. until the ceremony is concluded.  Traffic will remain two lanes on Garrison Lane.  Several main intersections on Carlisle Barracks will be controlled by Military Police, and you are asked to kindly obey all directions given.  Normal traffic routes are expected to open by noon.

Shuttle bus

    Bus service will be provided from 8 a.m. through 9:15  a.m. to transport students and guests to the USAWC graduation ceremony.  The graduation site unloading/loading point will be behind Anne Ely Hall.  Return shuttle will be provided following the ceremony.

Reserved parking

    The following parking areas will be reserved for graduation on June 7: DRM/HRD (Bldgs 314/315) parking lot for VIPs and the handicapped; parking lot adjacent to Reynolds Theatre for the civilian press; Anne Ely Hall (Bldg 46 in front of USAG HQs) parking lot for guests. 

    Guests may also park in the PX parking lot and Collins Hall parking lot, which will have shuttle service to the graduation site.  These lots should be open to the public after 1200.  Please use alternate parking areas on graduation day.  Off-post students may park in the College Arms housing area and use the shuttle service to the graduation site.



Chaplain's Corner

Chap. (Col.) Donald Rutherford, Installation Chaplain

Things aren't always what they seem


    So often we don't get a "good sight picture" on life.  We never look inside a situation to see the deeper meaning, what an outcome of an action truly means.  There is a story about two traveling angels who stopped to spend the night in the home of a wealthy family.  The family was rude and refused to allow the angels stay in the in guest room.  Instead they relegated them to  the cold basement.  As they made their bed on the cold floor the older angel saw a hole in the wall and repaired it.  The younger angel inquired why.  The older angel replied,  "things aren't always what they seem."

    The next night they took shelter at the home of a poor farmer and his wife.  After sharing what little food they had the couple allowed the angels to stay in their bed where they would be rested for the next day.  At sunrise the angel found the couple in tears.  Their only cow, whose milk  had been their sole income, lay dead in the field.  The younger angel was infuriated and asked the older angel how he allowed this to happen.  After all the first man had everything, yet you helped him.  The second family shred what little they had, and you let the cow died. "Things aren't always what they seem," replied the older angel .  When we were in the basement of the rich family I noticed that the hole in the wall was filled with gold.  Since the family was so obsessed with greed and unwilling to share his good fortune, I sealed the wall so they wouldn't find it."  "Then last night as we slept in the farmer's bed, the angel of death came for the his  wife.  I gave him the cow instead.   Things aren't always what they seem." 

     Anything that happens.  Always put it in perspective.  Look at the long term effects.  At face value things are not always what they seem.