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Grandstand to specialize in APFRI cases 

  As of April 1, post fitness will center around  the "Old Thorpe" gym on the parade ground and the "New Thorpe" gym at Root Hall. The newly-renovated Thorpe Hall will provide better services, new hours, and additional staffing than it previously did, said Garrison Commander Lt. Col. John Koivisto, who has hired additional employees.
APFRI personnel will be able to focus entirely on the organization's unique mission, without the "additional duty" of running a gym to augment an understaffed MWR workforce, said Koivisto.  
 The Grandstand Fitness Center will be dedicated to APFRI assessments and counseling, consistent with the organization's mission and vision.  APFRI offices will move from Anne Ely Hall to the Grandstand - and allow the post to proceed with the conversion of Anne Ely Hall into a One-Stop In/Out Processing Center for better soldier support, added Koivisto.



Sgt. Shaun Peeler, Public Affairs Office

SCE prepares Army War College students for future positions



    March 27, 2003 --Students of the U.S. Army War College are getting one step closer to graduation and preparing to become tomorrow leaders as they participate in the Strategic Crisis Exercise March 18-28 at the Collins Hall gaming center at Carlisle Barracks, Pa.

    SCE is a political-military exercise designed to provide the students a chance to use information they acquired from the AWC curriculum in a simulation-driven exercise.

    "The students have to integrate all of the knowledge they've learned at the AWC over the past six months, and we ask them to put in practice the things they've talked about in the seminar," said Professor Doug Campbell, deputy exercise director.

    During the 10-day exercise, students role-play political leaders that include Deputy National Security Advisor, Under Secretary for Homeland Security, and the Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy.  They also assume military roles such as Commandant of the Marine Corps, Chief of Staff of the Army, and commanders of regional commands like Southern Command and Pacific Command. Students face multiple scenarios simultaneously-- which causes them to plan courses of action and make recommendations.

    "Students deal with issues that are currently being dealt with by the current leadership," explained Campbell.  "It forces them to think and understand the same issues they will deal with in the future."

    The exercise is set in the year 2013 in a virtual world of international crisis.

    Students face hurricanes, disasters, terrorist attacks, kidnappings, nuclear weapons, hostage situations, major conflicts, and small-scale operations.  They negotiate with other nations, inform the public via the media, testify to Congress, and advise political leaders within the 'game'.

    Lt. Col. Kenneth McNeil, a signal officer who has been in the Army for 20 years, explained that the SCE is preparing him for future positions.

    "It's valuable to learn the process of the high-level staff and agencies," said McNeil, who has worked in the European Command J-3 cell during the exercise.  "Even if you don't go to these types of jobs, you will understand how to deal with them and why they ask and do certain things. I'm in the learning mode."

    Lt. Col Patrick Rayermann agrees with McNeil.

    "We have the opportunity to rehearse some leadership positions some of us may have to fill in the future," said Rayermann, a information operations officer.

    The SCE includes a great deal of realism possible.  There are actually representatives from the Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security, FBI and Justice Department available for students to speak with when seeking information and guidance.

    "The observers controllers are doing a great job living up to the intent of the SCE. They're putting a lot of time into making this real as possible," Rayermann said. 

    "They're given the basics on how it works, and they have to apply the knowledge," said Col. Kenneth Smith, an observer and controller for plans and operations who mans the Assistance to the National Security Advisor cell.   "Students get to see how all the elements of power fall into place and the tempo.  It's a good vehicle for students to see what it's all about."

    Having role-played the deputy national security advisor to the president and political advisor to EUCOM, Lt. Col. Susan Gough said the exercise is challenging.

    "It's hard to keep focus on the bigger picture, because of the level we're used to," said Gough, whose been in the Army for 21 years. "We have to maintain a bigger and boarder perspective when we make decisions during the exercise."

    Campbell said students take away valuable information from the SCE.

    "When they finish, they will know the real world is more complicated," explained Campbell.  "They will also have the knowledge and understanding they need to operate and look at the military, diplomatic and economic impact caused by decisions."



Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

New APFRI researcher goes from defending against chemical warfare to tackling APFRI's executive wellness mission

    Work previously done by the new deputy director for research at the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute here may mean life or death to soldiers now battling in Iraq.

    In early January, Maj. Maurice Sipos came to Carlisle Barracks-based APFRI from the Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Md., where he was the administrator of the Research Branch of the Drug Assessment Division, as well as a research scientist.

    "We looked at the basic mechanics of how chemical warfare agents worked in order to develop new drugs to protect our armed forces," said Sipos.

    His organization also studied the effect of the exposure to various chemical warfare agents at different exposure levels affect performance.

    Sipos' APFRI assignment won't be even remotely similar, he said.

    His primary duties will include ensuring the individual wellness assessments APFRI does for the senior leaders studying at the Army War College are done to standard, and managing the data that is gathered during the assessments.

    "My work here's going to be almost wholly different," Sipos said. "But I welcome the challenge. There's definitely a steep learning curve for me here, but I've had to basically re-learn my job every time I've relocated in the Army."

    There are other challenges facing Sipos, he said.

    "This organization is currently in flux, so there's going to be some changes we need to adjust to, but it will be fun," Sipos said.

    APFRI will close the Grandstand Fitness Center April 1, as the newly renovated Thorpe Hall Gym reopens. The Grandstand building will be used for conducting the wellness assessments. All the workout equipment will be moved into Thorpe Hall Gym, however. APFRI staff will also be giving health and fitness classes at the refurbished facility.

    Another big change will happen Oct. 1 when the 11-person APFRI staff will be realigned so that it no longer falls under the USAWC, but instead reports directly to the Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. The change won't affect the services the institute offers to the resident USAWC students, however.

    "We're working very hard to ensure we'll still be able to provide the same high level of service to the college," Sipos said.

    The biggest challenge for APFRI, however, comes every year as the resident AWC class prepares to graduate and depart.

    More than 95 percent of the college's students undergo the initial wellness assessment APFRI offers after they first arrive and begin their studies, according to Lt. Col. Mark Vaitkus, research psychologist and acting APFRI director. Only about 15-20 percent sign up for post assessments eight months later as they're preparing to leave, however, Vaitkus said.

    "That's going to be Major Sipos' - and APFRI's -- biggest challenge:  getting more of the students to participate in the post assessments," Vaitkus said. Determining the impact of lifestyle changes begun after the initial assessment on the students' overall wellness is crucial, Vaitkus said. "Having that data is necessary for us. It's what makes the program work."

    Sipos' move from Aberdeen Proving Grounds covered only about 100 miles, but it still contained the same elements that make any permanent change of station move challenging, Sipos said.

    The change of location was ultimately a welcome one for Sipos and his wife of eight years, Ann, he said.

    "This move was really good because my wife and I met in Pennsylvania during graduate school," Sipos said.

    Both graduated from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pa., Sipos in 1995 with a doctorate in psychology.

    The move was also a homecoming for Ann on another level since she grew up in Pittsburgh.

    "It's still been a bit of a shock, though, because we actually forgot how cold the winters are in Pennsylvania," Sipos said.

    Although he enjoys reading, exercising - especially running -- during his free time, his biggest hobby is three children: daughters Andrea, 5,  and Renee, 3; and son Emre, 1, he said.

    "I really enjoy spending as much time with them as I can," Sipos said. "I get down on their level and play with them whenever I'm able. And, as they grow up, I'm looking forward to being able to do even more with them."

    Editor's note: See related story, "APFRI to likely be part of upcoming Army-wide wellness assessment program."



USAWC Class of 2003 print for sale

   The U.S. Army War College Class of 2003 print titled "Relentless Pursuit-Freedom Endures" by Bradley Schmehl is being offered for $125 (plus $20 for packaging and shipping of each print). Limited editions of 400 prints (with USAWC seal, artist's signature, number, and certificate of authenticity) are being sold between March 1 and April 15 for $150, on a first come, first served basis.

    In 2001, the United States assembled a coalition of nations against terrorists in Afghanistan with the military objective of driving the Taliban from power, capturing, killing, or disrupting Al Qaeda, and providing humanitarian relief to the Afghan people.

    The print captures a conceptual representation of the U.S. Army and Air Force Special Operations Forces in a horseback charge against the Taliban in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom, November 2001. In a background scene, his print also highlights the partnership of coalition forces during the operation. These efforts symbolizing the flexible necessities of combat and the reliance on partnerships  needed to support political and strategic objectives in order to achieve international success in the 21st Century.

    Note: The picture you see here is a color study (scaled-down version) and not a final product. The final product will represent the same content but figures will vary in position and scale. 

    Payments must be made by personal check or money order and postmarked April 15. Please make checks Payable to "USAWC Gift Committee" and mail them to:

U.S. Army War College

ATTN: Gift Committee

122 Forbes Avenue, Root Hall, Box 37

Carlisle Barracks, PA. 17013                            

    Prints will be mailed on or about April 30. Please allow two weeks for delivery. Money received after all prints are sold will be returned within 30 days. There is no limit to the number of prints you can buy. All transactions are final, and no refunds will be given.

    For more information, contact Lt. Col. Stuart Taylor at (717) 241-6636, or via e-mail at   


 need a printable order form?



Sgt. Shaun Peeler, Public Affairs Office

Garrison/MP team wins post basketball championship


Jim Thorpe Physical Fitness Center was the location, and winning the post championship was the goal as the Garrison/Military Police defeated the Chief Information Office 48-38 in post basketball action March 24.

Demitrius Palmer lead the Garrison/MP team with 15 points. Phileas Williams followed with 7 points. 

Garrison/MP took an early lead and didn't look back, ending the first half 27-14.

Even though CIO outscored Garrison/MP 22-21 in the second half, it wasn't good enough to pull off a victory.  Keith Colbert led CIO with 15 points. Antonio Britt and Rodney Simmons followed with 7.


Points scored by Garrison/MP

Demitrius Palmer            15 points

Phileas Williams            7

Terry Bacon               6

Sheldon Arthur  5

Scott Fees                 5

Robert Monn                4

James Simon               4

Anthony Story                2


Points scored by CIO

Keith Colbert              15

Antonio Britt                  7

Rodney Simmons            7

Gregory Cameron            4

Kenyarda Chambers            3

Dale Clements                      3

Jonathan Frazier            3


see more photos



Maj. Kelli M. Metzger, Army Physical Fitness Research Institute

Healthy eating, healthy you - National Nutrition Month 2003


    March 2003 marks 30 years of the American Dietetic Association's annual campaign.  What began as National Nutrition Week in March 1973 was expanded to National Nutrition Month in 1980 in response to the growing interest in nutrition.  This year's theme is Healthy Eating, Healthy You.  Healthy eating and a healthy lifestyle are keys to helping you get the most out of life and performing your best at work and play.

    Although most of us eat every day and many of us eat several times per day, some people are still not sure how to make healthy eating choices.  With so many mixed messages from low calorie, to low fat, to low carbohydrate, anyone could easily become confused.

    Healthy eating begins with assessing and meeting your individual energy requirements based on your age, gender, body composition, and activity level.  Select a calorie level to fuel your body for its daily activities.  One thousand or even 1,200 calories is not enough to fuel most adults, yet 2,000 calories may be too many for some.  One way to estimate your daily caloric needs is the following:


1.  Determine daily calories needed based on your resting metabolic rate (RMR) by taking your body weight and multiplying by 10.

2.       Add any calories you will need for planned exercise (e.g. 315 calories for a 150 lb person jogging for 30 minutes at a 6 mph pace).

  1. Add calories needed for daily activity apart from your planned exercise:

*  multiply RMR calories by .20 if you are sedentary

*  multiply RMR calories by .40 if you are moderately active

*  multiply RMR calories by .60 if you are very active


    The total daily calories found by adding the three components above should promote weight maintenance as long as you continue with the activity levels used to determine them.  On days you do not do any exercise, subtract that amount of calories from the total.  If you are trying to lose weight, the most effective method for safe weight loss is to reduce your calorie intake by 250-500 calories per day and increase your exercise to burn 250-500 per day.  This should result in a weight loss of 1-2 pounds per week.

    As you seek to meet your energy needs each day, try to consume a variety of foods.  Our bodies require 40 or more different nutrients to function properly and no single food or food group provides all those nutrients.  Eating plans which recommend concentrating on only one or two foods or food groups while shunning others do not include the recommended variety.  If you want to reduce total calories, try reducing portion sizes of meals rather than eliminating certain foods altogether.  While many people are finding initial success in weight loss with low carbohydrate diets, continuing this way of eating long-term may lead to some health problems.  Consuming 100 grams of carbohydrate per day, which is still one third to one half of what many people consume, can still promote weight loss while allowing you to include some whole grain products and fruits in your diet. 

    Variety in the diet also includes trying new preparation methods.  Baked chicken for dinner every night can become old very quickly.  Using marinades or sauces to add flavor, stir-frying, making chicken fajitas, or topping salads with chicken strips are all ways to eat healthy while adding variety.  Alternating chicken with fish, lean beef or pork, or sources of vegetable protein such as tofu or beans is another good way to increase variety while promoting health.

    In addition to variety, focus on moderation.  You don't have to completely give up your favorite treats.  Healthy eating doesn't mean feeling guilty for having a small piece of chocolate or a slice of cake for a family member's birthday.  On the other hand, a 1-lb chocolate bar or jumbo ice cream sundae should not be consumed on a regular basis without expecting weight gain and probable increase in blood cholesterol levels.

    As mentioned when estimating energy needs, regular exercise and an active lifestyle have a great impact on the amount of calories you can consume each day.  Besides burning calories and promoting weight loss, regular exercise can reduce stress levels, tone and strengthen muscles, and help you feel better overall.  Many of the same guidelines discussed above for eating apply to exercise as well.  Select a variety of exercises or activities you enjoy.  Running some days, playing golf, swimming, or biking others allow you not only a change of scenery, but a chance to use different muscle groups.  Keep moderation in mind too.  Three hours at the gym is a bit much for most people; combining aerobic activity with some strength training to total about an hour a day can healthfully fit into your schedule.

    During National Nutrition Month and throughout the year, strive for healthy eating and a healthy lifestyle to look your best, feel great, and get the most out of life.

    Editor's note: Maj. Kelli M. Metzger is a registered dietitian with the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute.




Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

APFRI to likely be part of upcoming Army-wide wellness assessment program



    The Army Physical Fitness Research Institute will set the standard for a new Army-wide Health Initiative Program.

    The Army Surgeon General's Office has directed the Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine to develop a wellness assessment program for the entire force, of all ages and ranks. The plan is to create something similar to that used by APFRI for assessing the wellness of Army War College students, according to Maj. Maurice Sipos, APFRI's deputy director for research.

    Although CHPPM will be APFRI's new higher headquarters as of Oct. 1, APFRI will be staying here and continuing its assessments mission for the USAWC.

    The new program will include tracking wellness trends in soldiers as they advance through their careers, according to Sipos. This will help them to be able to predict what health problems soldiers could face in the future if they don't make lifestyle changes recommended after an initial health assessment.

    "It sounds like it going to be very similar to what we do for the War College students, only on a bigger scale - and sooner, which is very good," Sipos said. "The sooner soldiers find out about possible health risks and start making lifestyle changes, they better chance they have at making a difference.

    "If we tell a soldier early on that his cholesterol is a little high, he can start eating healthier and take medications early, if necessary," Sipos said. "That could help him prevent a heart attack."

    Since the program is still in its planning stages, the details of when the program will begin or who will perform the assessments is unclear, Sipos said.

    The Army Surgeon General, Lt. Gen. James B. Peake, participated in APFRI's assessment program while attending the USAWC from 1987 to 1988. "It looks like he liked what he saw," Sipos said.

    "The cost of prevention is a lot less than treatment," Sipos said. "This program will be good for each individual soldier and good for the health care system, too, because they'll be able to provide more attention to each individual patient because they will be fewer of them."



Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

HRD streamlines out-processing for graduating USAWC students


    The current resident Army War College class of 2003 may owe the post's Human Resources Division a "thank you."

    The division is currently putting the finishing touches on a new, streamlined out-processing procedure for USAWC students.

    Based on guidance from Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany, USAWC Commandant, HRD has decreased the number of areas that need to be cleared from about 30 to about 17 areas, according to CW3 Landy Flowers, personnel officer with HRD.

    Decreasing the number of areas to be cleared was easy, according to Landy.

    Under the old system, graduating students leaving post had to clear such agencies as the Post Exchange and the Commissary. "It was unnecessary for colonels to clear those areas," Flowers said. Only locations that are absolutely essential for the students to clear will be listed on the new out-processing forms.

    Making the forms available online is another change being made in the interest of saving time.

    The forms will be placed in the student's distribution boxes in Root Hall around April 1, but if they lose them, they'll simply be able to visit http://cbnet/orgs/hrd/hrdindex.html on the Web and download more, Landy said. The site is not not up yet, but will be by April 1, according to Landy.

    With the early April issue date, the forms are being issued about one month sooner than in years' past, Landy said.

     The out-processing procedure will also be more efficient because the departing students will know that they will have to clear everything that is listed on the forms, Landy said. In the past, soldiers of different grades had to clear different areas, and that sometimes made things confusing and slowed the process down, Landy said.

    "We've taken all the guessing out for the students now," Landy said. "It'll make better use of the students' time."

    "Any time someone makes my life a little easier, it's a great thing," said Lt. Col. Mark Baines, USAWC student with Seminar 5.



Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

New APFRI member eager to help with main assessments mission



    Things have been relatively quiet for Roberto Ruiz since he started his new job at the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute here Jan. 13. It won't be until June that he'll get his first true taste of what life is like at the institute.

    Ruiz, a health and fitness instructor and staff exercise physiologist, will help APFRI conduct its main mission of providing wellness assessments for U.S. Army War College classes. In June, APFRI's attention is on the distance education students here for one of two two-week resident phases. That same month, the institute will also begin assessments for resident class students who arrive early.

    "The assessments are really what APFRI's all about," Ruiz said. "I'm really looking forward to participating in them." Ruiz will assist with the exercise-related portions of the assessments, replacing Nancy Henry who left in February.

    His primary duty will be to manage the civilian employees' "Fit-to-Win" program, formerly run by Nancy Henry.  The six-month program provides full-time General Schedule (GS) civilian employees here the opportunity to work out for one hour, three times a week - on the clock.

    Ruiz first assesses the strength, aerobic fitness, percentage of body fat, and vital signs of a program participant. He and the employee then discuss wellness goals. Ruiz develops a complete, tailored cardio-respiratory and strength-building exercise program, and periodically checks back to ensure all is going well for the employee.

    The program is intended to improve the general health of the civilian workforce and help them pursue happier, healthier, more productive lives both on and off duty, according to Ruiz.

    "It's a good program that a lot of people don't know about," Ruiz said. "There's a lot of interest, but I get the impression that many of them are a little hesitant to speak with their supervisors about joining the program, for one reason or another."

    Ruiz also teaches some of the classes APFRI offers, such as "Spinal Stabilization," and "Beginning Strength Training."

    "I'll probably end up teaching most of the fitness classes that we will hold at the Thorpe Hall Gym," Ruiz said. 

    Ruiz came to APFRI from Houston, where he grew up and in 2001 graduated from the University of Houston with a master's of the arts degree in Fitness and Human Performance with a focus on clinical exercise physiology.

    He next completed a three-month full-time internship in cardiac rehabilitation at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas.

    His time here has been the most enjoyable he's spent working in his field, he said.

    "I've really enjoyed my experience here so far," Ruiz said. "APFRI ceasing the operation of the Grandstand Fitness Center will give us all more time for research, which I'm really into."

    "The people I work with are great," Ruiz said. "Everyone's well versed in their own profession, which is very nice. Everyone respects one another."

    For Ruiz, a bachelor living in an upstairs apartment within walking distance of post, Spring is a welcome change.

    "With the warm weather, I think I'm going to start walking or riding my bike to work."

    When he gets home, he usually takes a run. With the warmer weather as of  late, he's been able to do more of something he enjoys even more: bicycling, he said.

    "Since I've been here, it's been Winter, so I haven't been able to do a whole lot," Ruiz said.

    Ruiz, an avid "outsider," also enjoys  traveling and hiking.

    APFRI has provided Ruiz with a rich, welcome environment, where he has been able to grow, he said. According to Sgt. 1st Class Cynthia Hughes, APFRI NCOIC and coworker, he has brought a lot with him as well.

    "He is just a wonderful asset to our unit here because he's got ambition, he takes initiative, and he's reliable," Hughes said. "He's a talented and creative exercise physiologist."



Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

AER fundraising campaign begins March 1



    There's a big, red thermometer stuck in the ground beside Sumner Road near the Post Exchange parking lot again.

    Always indicative of a fundraising campaign, the thermometer's presence this time means this year's Army Emergency Relief campaign is on. It began March 1 and will last until April 30.

    Known throughout the Army for being the Army Community Service program that "helps soldiers take care of their own," AER exists solely to help soldiers, be they active duty, National Guard, Reserve, or retired; their family members; widows; or orphans make it through tough financial times. The agency does this by evaluating applications and, when appropriate to do so, granting interest-free loans or grants.

    "Key persons," persons authorized to receive donations for the campaign, have been assigned within Army units and various agencies on post.

    For everyone else, donation information boxes have been made available at Dunham Army Health Clinic, the PX, and the Commissary. Anyone, including retirees and civilians, can pick one up at any of these locations. The boxes contain a campaign contribution slip and a pamphlet that explains how AER helps soldiers and their families, answering some of the most frequently asked questions regarding the program.

    "This is a very unique program because it's soldiers helping soldiers," said Anne Hurst, assistant AER manager for the post with ACS.

    "Especially now, with the activation of Reserve and National Guard units, along with our own active duty soldiers, many are experiencing financial problems. AER helps those people, but can only continue to do so with the help of contributions."

    Hurst spoke of a local need and AER response.

    "A local widow of a military retiree was living out of a garage," Hurst said. "AER helped her with a grant to get a home and fix her car in order to get a job and be able to afford to move into a home."

    "Anyone can donate," Hurst said. "We are strongly encouraging everyone to donate because there will be more of an need because of the war in Iraq."

    Anyone who wants to donate to this year's AER campaign but doesn't have a key person and can't get a box on post, can call Hurst at 245-3775.


AER key persons for 2003

Hq. Co., USAG:Sgt. Wayne Loveless, Collins Hall, 245-3430,


Collins Hall:Sgt. Romayne Leake,; and  Master Sgt. Paul Pherigo,


Allegheny Veterinary Services Detachment:((((((bold and italic))))))))) Pfc. Christopher Perez, 245-3430,


Human Resources Directorate/USAWC students and staff:((((((bold and italic))))))))) Sgt. Sandra Gaines, 245-4163,


Dunham Army Health Clinic:Spc. Stacey Bohon, 245-3864,


DMSPO:Dot Overcash, 245-3417,


Department of Command, Leadership and Management: Col. Donald Yates, 245-4785,


APFRI:Sgt. 1st Class Cynthia Hughes, 245-3228,


DNSS:Col. Tom McShane, 245-3245,


SSI:Donna March, 245-3133,


Command Group:Dave Sellers, 245-4591,


DDE:Kathy Ramsey, 245-3568,


DENTAC:Pfc. Melissa Cabrera, 245-4542,


Protocol:Dave Sellers, 245-4591,


MHI:Sgt. Lenora Rogers, 245-3549,


Fort Indiantown Gap:Sgt. Tina Nimitz, 861-8614,





Tips to make entry to post easier in case of heightened security


    Currently, there are no indications we will raise the Force Protection Condition, but in an effort to be prepared (just in case) the following tips will assist personnel with entry onto the installation. 


    Post personnel are being asked to prepare themselves for this possibility now. If higher security measures are put into effect, delays should be expected at the entrance gate.  Here are some tips that can make your life - and the lives of all the other authorized visitors to the installation - a little easier at the entrance gate.


            Have your ID documents accessible as you approach the gate.

            Be prepared to get out of your vehicle and open the hood and trunk to be searched when directed to do so by the security guard.

            Key and essential personnel with "K" decals on their vehicles would be asked to arrive earlier than they normally would in order to get them onto post quickly and easily.

            Clean your vehicle out, removing all extraneous materials. The less that you have in your vehicle, the faster the security checks will go.

            Avoid bringing bags, suitcases, packages, purses, or similar items with you to post.  If elevated force protection measures dictate that all such items be checked, having to do so will slow things down.  If you have to bring a brief case or bag, etc. onto the base, we recommend you have it unlocked and open or be ready to open. 

            Be prepared for traffic re-routing.

            Car pooling could save significant time at the gates.






Chuck Gentile, Sports Office

Jim Thorpe Hall operating hours and information


Hours of Operation---Effective April 1.

Sports Administration Office

Location:  BLDG. #120 Forbes Ave

Telephone:  (717) 245-4029/4343

FAX:  (717) 245-4261

Hours:  MONDAY - FRIDAY 0800 - 1700




PHONE:   245-3418

MON - FRI  0530 - 2030

SAT            0900 - 1900

SUN / HOLIDAYS            1200 - 1700



PHONE:  245-4375


MON - FR  PT      0530 - 0800

OPEN GYM            1100 - 1330

PROGRAMS       1600 -  UTC



Authorized Users

    Facilities are available for the use by active duty, retired military, authorized family members, DA civilian employees of Carlisle Barracks, and Reserve Component Personnel.  DOD contracted employees, technical representatives, employees of military banking facilities and credit unions who are working at Carlisle Barracks are authorized to obtain/purchase a MWR Cards for the use at MWR facilities as determined by the Installation Commander


    100% ID Card check will be required of all patrons. ID cards will be used for signing into the facilities.  Cards will be run through a swipe card machine and usage information will be kept on Rec Trac. All users must sign in using this method.


    ID card check not normally required for military in uniform (PT or Duty).


    Parents are responsible for the conduct ,safety and well-being of their children while in the physical fitness centers and all other sports facilities.



Guest Policy

    Authorized patrons who wish to have guests in installation physical fitness centers and all other

sports facilities will adhere to the following policy:


    Sponsors are responsible for the conduct of their guest at all times while in the facility.  Guests and sponsor must enter and depart the facility at the same time.


    Guests are intended to be occasional users of the facility only.  Occasional users are defined as guests who utilize the facility no more than 12 times in a one year period, however no more than twice per month.  All persons wishing to bring a guest must possess a valid military ID card.  All guests must show a valid picture ID.


    Active duty military, retirees, and their family members who are 17 years of age or older and are authorized users may have no more than one (1) guests per visit


    Exceptions to the above policy may be considered on case by case basis by the Sports Director.


    Guests and sponsors will complete a guest data sheet when they enter the facility.



Shoe Policy

    Clean, non-marking athletic shoes are required when using all indoor sport's facilities.  Running shoes are not recommended due to the increased risk of injury to the ankle and Achilles' Tendon. Shoe's that have been worn outside can not be worn in the building if participating in a programs or working out in the Cardio room, Activity room or weight room.


Food and drinks

    The consumption of food and beverages is restricted to designated areas.


    Radio, tape players, or other sound producing devices are not allowed in the facilities



Suzanne Reynolds, Public Affairs Office

Carlisle Barracks to reopen Jim Thorpe's Gym


March 27, 2003--Fitness and history buffs will help re-open the Thorpe Hall Gym at a dedication and reopening ceremony Tuesday, April 1 at 11 a.m.  The ceremony will take place at the front entrance of Thorpe Hall, behind Upton Hall. In case of inclement weather, the ceremony will be inside the Thorpe Hall gymnasium.

    Ceremony activities will include a chaplain's invocation, remarks by Carlisle Barracks Commanding General Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany, and Carlisle sports legend Lee Woodall, ribbon-cutting, a sports-themed buffet at the Letort View Community Center, and guided tours of the renovated gym.

    The investment of approximately $2 million is an investment in Army soldier readiness. Active, Reserve and National Guardsmen, as well as military retirees, will find expanded options for maintaining personal fitness.

    Lobar Inc., of Dillsburg, Pa., started the renovation work in October 2001.  In addition to the construction of new exterior ramps, an elevator and stair tower to accommodate the handicapped, floors, ceilings, lighting, and the heating and ventilation system were replaced.  A central air conditioning system and wet pipe sprinkler fire suppression system were also installed.  In order to create additional space for offices, restrooms, locker rooms, etc., the interior was demolished and reconfigured.  Thorpe Hall now looks like it did in Jim Thorpe's time.   

    Thorpe Hall Gym was originally built in 1887 by the Carlisle Indian Industrial School students.  In later years, it was named in honor of Jim Thorpe, of Sac and Fox Indian heritage, who attended the Indian Industrial School from 1904 to 1909, and again from 1911 to 1913.

   The state-of-the-art gym will open for use at 2 p.m. with new equipment, a cardio room, new floor and collegiate backboards for the basketball court, and areas for exercise and aerobic classes.

    Lee Woodall - Carlisle HS graduate and former NFL player -- and Carlisle area Army recruiters will join the CG and Carlisle Barracks soldiers Tuesday at  6:20 a.m. for a command run to mark the beginning of a new era of Thorpe fitness.




Lt. Col. Carol Kerr, Public Affairs Office

Post, local authorities investigate drug offense


March 13, 2003 -- A Carlisle Barracks soldier was arraigned in Cumberland County court today on drug charges.   

    The judge set a $100,000 bail for Sgt. Aaron Bowen, based on an arrest March 12 in Carlisle for multiple sales to undercover officers. as a result of a joint investigation by local law enforcement officials and the Carlisle Barracks office of the Army Criminal Investigation Command  (CID) , and the Carlisle Barracks Military Police Investigations Section (MPI).   

    Bowen, 23, an Army soldier since September 1998, is employed in computer support operations in Collins Hall.  The charges are allegations, and Bowen is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.    

    During the combined drug investigation Bowen was identified as distributor of controlled substances.  The Cumberland County County Drug Task Force, Carlisle Barracks CID and MPI are jointly  conducting the investigation. Bowen was arrested in Carlisle March 12, and is being held on multiple arrest warrants.  

    Garrison Commander Lt. Col. John Koivisto addressed the Headquarters Company "soldiers time"  training session this morning. He urged "fullest cooperation if you are approached by the investigating team. 

    "The investigation continues. No determinations as to guilt or innocence have been made and I will await the results of any investigation," said Koivisto.

    "Drug use is not tolerated in the Army. We hold the trust of our nation and we cannot, in this critical time, afford to erode that trust," said Koivisto to the unit.




Sgt. Shaun Peeler, Public Affairs Office

Surveys provide feedback for leaders

    Students at the Army War College complete many, many surveys. The surveys are used, and they make a difference to the college in some big ways. 

    "Surveys indirectly measure our effectiveness," said Dr. Anna Waggener, the college's Director of Institutional Assessment. "It's perception, opinion, and attitude."

    The USAWC surveys four main categories. The resident course is surveyed to make sure the three principles of command responsibility, national defense, and military art and science are being taught. A Department of Distance Education course survey is used to make sure DDE students receive information equivalent to the resident course.

    Alumni are also surveyed after spending a few years in their fields to assess how what they learned here has helped them and what other instruction they think they could have used. General officers' input helps shape the concept of what students will need in the future.

    The results are weighed by the USAWC command group, department chairpersons  and faculty to determine the effectiveness of the program.

    "Survey results are a piece of the assessment process that goes to the decision makers who constantly look at improvement at the Army War College," Waggener said.

    With over 100 years of Army tradition in assessment, USAWC continues to carry the torch. Waggener and her two automation assistants conduct 162 surveys a year.

    The curriculum is not the only thing that is assessed. Topics ranging from the International Fellows Program, permanent change of station moves, extra curriculum activities, the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute, student trips, support provided by Logistics and Maintenance, and even the Human Resources Division are also addressed, to mention a few.

    Even though Waggener said the results are the voice of the students, too many surveys can cause "survey fatigue."

    "The leadership is aware of survey fatigue, and makes an effort to maintain control of the number of surveys administrated," explain Waggener.

    Lt. Col. Lou Yuengert, a student from seminar seven, said he doesn't mind taking surveys. Yuengert last took a survey on March 12 on distance education, and said they're good for the AWC.

    "It's a good way to get feedback with a large number of people," explained Yuengert. "Everybody likes to give some type of feedback."

    Surveys help ensure the curriculum meets the students' needs, noted DDE Chairman Dr. Rich Yarger.

    "It gives the leaders a perspective of what the students are learning and what they want to learn," Yarger said. "This helps the individuals who are developing the courses."

    After dealing with surveys for 10 years, Waggener said she loves being a part of the process and "closing the loop" after the surveys have been completed.

    "The most enjoyable part is watching leaders change views and rationales based on students' opinions," Waggener said. "These are colonels, lieutenant colonels, and civilians with good ideals, and we want to know what they think.  They might be our future leaders."




Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office

TRADOC tackles education, distance issues with new 'digital classroom'



March 12, 2003 --"You're looking at the future of Army Distance Learning, and I've got to say it's pretty cool," said Charles Bos, who heads the Training and Doctrine Command's Deployed Training branch. "You have the newest technology at your disposal, and you can take it anywhere you can imagine." 

    The Distance Learning Coordinating Committee held a conference here March 11 and 12. Co-sponsored by the Army War College, the conference was an open forum for experts in the field to exchange ideas about the complex issues presented by distance learning and knowledge management, said Rich Yarger, chairman of the Department of Distance Education.

    "Distance learning and knowledge management is a growing, complex field," Yarger said. "This conference brings together experts and practitioners to examine the issues and opportunities within the government and corporate arenas."

    Kent Greenes, chief knowledge officer and senior vice president of Science Applications International Corporation, a research and engineering company that provide information technology, systems integration worldwide was the conferences keynote speaker. Considered one of the pioneers in the application of knowledge management for his work with British Petroleum, he spoke at the opening of the conference to share what he has learned in working in the field.

    "Knowledge management is about change and performance, and it doesn't have to be hard or take a long time," said Greenes.  "What is important is how you take that information and share it."

    "You need to be able to manage the knowledge and expertise you have in your company now, and figure out how to share it with others in order to be truly effective. KM is learning and performing at the speed of change, and getting the information to those who need it, when they need it," he said.

    His comments were echoed by others at the Army War College.

    "Military learning is a changing environment," said Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany, USAWC Commandant. "We don't know what the future is going to look like so having a conference like this is the right thing to do. The ways that we leverage technology to teach and learn from others is key to our nations success."

    To demonstrate the strides being made in the distance learning arena, the conference coordinated to display one of the Army's newest projects, the Digital Deployed Training Campus, developed jointly by the Training and Doctrine Command and Beamhit Corporation.

    Designed for brigade level deployment, each set includes seven, state-of-the-art 20-student classrooms that can be set up in less than one hour, in any location. Soldiers can train via Internet or on a two-way interactive video and voice system with the Newly Designed Deployed Training Campus Systems.

    "The DDTC is a satellite based system that incorporates multiple use programs that provide commanders with a wide variety of training capabilities," said Bos. "The size of the systems have been drastically reduced, the newest prototype is transportable in a HUMMV."

    Once a soldier is settled after a deployment, he can go straight to training or take college classes, said Bos, who is one of the originators of the Deployed Training Campus System. 

    "We prefer the system to be set up in a tent, but the systems can be set up anywhere worldwide, in any type of building or weather conditions," said Bos.

    The deployed campus consists of 20 high-end laptop computers, multiplex equipment that can handle video, voice, fax, telephones, and a deployable antenna, all with test equipment. The video tele-training package contains a pan, tilt, zoom and automatic focus video camera,  a 42-inch display and touch panel      After the antenna is set up and plugged into the system, it is digitally ordered to align itself with the correct satellite. Power is provided by the deployed unit.

    The size of the new dish makes it very desirable for deployed units. One man can set it up in less than  30 minutes anywhere in the world where satellite coverage is available.

    "This means that if you're a soldier deployed to Bosnia, you can take a college course through the University of Maryland even though you're thousands of miles away," Bos said.

     The DDTC is very similar to the distance learning systems used currently in that it gives users access to information anywhere in the world, but that's where the similarities end, Bos said.

    "It has satellite access to all distance learning based classrooms at the TRADOC schools, medical facilities and maintaince facilities as a training and reach-back capability," he said.

    This new system also allows soldiers to complete marksmanship training through the use of the Laser Marksmanship Training System. In a 10-lane range, soldiers can train and combat-zero individual weapons.

    "Soldiers need not go to a range to zero their weapons. With the Deployed Training Campus soldiers can now do this electronically and it's 100 percent accurate," Bos said.

    The deployed training campus recently added programs that accurately allow soldiers to zero M-16s, M-60s, 9mm and sniper weapons.

    Soldiers from 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry tried the "Beamhit LMTF system", which is the system incorporated into the Deployed Training Campus Prototypes, Bos said. "They used the system to zero and then went to a live fire range to verify the results and it increased their scores dramatically because their weapons were totally zeroed."

    Snipers can also take advantage of the system in the field. There are few 1,100-meter ranges in the United States and even fewer where they deploy, noted Bos. A camera can capture the sniper using the program outside the U.S. and forward the image to a sniper instructor who can then, in a live broadcast, coach the soldier from the U.S. In both programs soldiers use their own weapons. A laser is bore sighted to the barrel of the weapon, allowing soldiers to fire with their own trigger pull. Soldiers can also use their own weapons and night goggles in the Virtual Tactical Battle-space Training System.

    It's very similar to a Playstation or Nintendo game, claimed John Clark, chief information officer for Beamhit.

    Instead of using a fictitious setting the VTBTS will, with the assistance of a satellite, take a picture of the area the soldiers will be deploying to and project it onto a screen located in a tent or office adjacent to the Deployed Training Campus. This system allows interactive live play with soldiers on site or in the rear.

    "If soldiers are planning a mission in Bosnia, before they go to Bosnia they can see where they'll be and train accordingly. This training system will allow soldiers to train before they deploy."

    It's not only deployed soldiers taking advantage of the system.

    "The VTBTS is also currently in use at West Point as the initial weapons trainer for all new cadets," Bos said. "By using this system, they were able to complete all of their initial training for all cadets for the first time in recent memory."

    Initiatives like this puts the Army ahead many of its peers in the field of distance learning and knowledge management, said Greenes.

    "What you are doing here and around this world is great," he said. "Just make sure you don't rest on your laurels."




Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

OSC surpasses goal for annual auction, raises $27K

     Surpassing goals is a very fulfilling experience - just ask Linda Repass, co-chairperson for the 2003 Officers' Spouses Club Auction, held Feb. 28 at the Letort View Community Center here.

    Repass and her husband, USAWC student Col. Michael Repass, and the OSC had set a goal to raise $20,000 from the event and beat that with $27,000, she said.

    The event, open to everyone from both on and off the installation, raised money for the OSC's Outreach/Scholarship fund, which is distributed in the local area to such charities as Safe Harbour, Domestic Violence Services, and local schools, as well as for college scholarships for community students.

    All of the members of this year's auction committee but Michael were the spouses of AWC students.

    The 93 items sold during the live auctions were donated by 200 local businesses extending from Carlisle to New York and various post activities. They included such items as a weekend's lease on a Jaguar, overnight stays at local bed and breakfasts, prints of military-oriented paintings, Army dinner for two in New York, artwork, jewelry, antique rocking chairs, handmade quits, reserved parking spaces on post, rides on one of the post's fire trucks, the opportunity to fire the post cannon, and a catered "Cinco De Mayo" party for 40 people.

    The 176 silent auction items included such items as a free two-night stay at the Hershey Lodge and Convention Center and designer sunglasses.

    The LVCC offered a pasta and salad buffet during the event for $7, which "was a big hit," according to Repass. "The LVCC did an outstanding job," she said.

    "It was a great event, and everyone was very supportive," Repass said. "The money will do great things for the community."



Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

AWC students' spouses get info, skills needed to become pillars of support


    While students of the Army War College resident Class of 2003 were in their classrooms developing skills to be tomorrow's strategic leaders, some of their spouses were at the Army Family Team Building Senior Leadership Seminar learning how to be better community leaders.

    "That's the implied role of senior spouses - they're there as community leaders to be advocates of the community and community programs, working on the side of spouses and family members," said Grace Smith. A training specialist with the U.S. Army Community and Family Support Center, she joined the seminar held in Collins Hall, March 4-6.

    The Army realizes that strong families are the pillars of support behind strong soldiers, according to Smith. That's why the Army leadership created the AFTB program in 1994.

    Because it is important that support for the program starts at the top, AFTB sponsors annual, worldwide seminars for senior spouses.

    The 73 attendees included the spouses of Army War College students from the current class, spouses of senior Army Reserve and National Guard officers, and one spouse of an Army officer attending the Naval War College. The Guard and Reserve spouses came from across the country, including places as far away as Hawaii. One student came from Puerto Rico.

    The second of the two annual senior spouse seminars is scheduled for Nov. 19-20 at the U.S. Army Sergeants Major Academy at Fort Bliss, Texas.

    "We also hold a senior spouse seminar every year at the Sergeants Major Academy because we use a 'command team' approach, and sergeants major are a big part of the equation," Smith said.

    The training presented an overview of the AFTB program, and opportunities to heighten skills in problem solving, coaching, mentoring, and volunteer management through group instruction, scenarios, problem solving, briefings, lectures, tabletop exercises, and self-assessments.

    "We use all the adult learning techniques, but it is more interactive than anything else," Smith said. "We are structured so that there's quite a bit of experiential learning going on, so the students can share experiences and learn from one another."

    Classes held as part of the course covered such topics as "AFTB Support and Management," "Volunteer Management," and "Coaching, Mentoring, and Advising."

    The course was especially valuable to Terry Lee, spouse of AWC student Col. Doug Lee, of Seminar 15, she said.

    "We learned, of course, what the total program encompasses, and that was very beneficial," Lee said. "The segment on coaching, mentoring, and advising was especially important, though, because of where we are in our lives. It helped us put into perspective what we have to offer to the younger spouses in terms of being role models and encouraging them to achieve what they can."

    The students were awarded certificates of attendance upon completion of the course on the afternoon of March 6.




Staff Sgt. Jeffrey T. Ege, Public Affairs Office

Free motorcycle safety course offered on post

    March 5, 2003 --The opportunity to learn how to safely ride a motorcycle, at no cost, is being offered right here on Carlisle Barracks. Not only is training free and to be held on post -- the package includes use of 12 bikes.

    The post Safety and Environmental Office coordinated with the Pennsylvania Motorcycle Safety Foundation to have representatives bring the 15-hour course here. It's a great opportunity, and it's mandatory.

    All motorcyclists coming onto an Army installation must have a Motorcycle Safety Foundation Completion Card on their possession.

    That rule is not new, but was not strictly enforced prior to posts being made controlled-access areas following 9/11, according to Jim Aiello, post safety manager.

    The training is being offered to anyone who wants or needs it and has a motorcycle permit, including civilians.

    The first two of the eight 15-hour courses scheduled are already full, according Aiello. "This is proving to be much more popular than I had imagined, " he said.

    The course includes both classroom instruction in the Carlisle Barracks Golf Course Snack Bar and riding instruction in the Class VI parking lot. Classroom instruction will focus on such motorcycle safety issues as protective gear, basic riding skills, shifting, stopping, swerving, turning, and mental skills for hazard avoidance.  Riding safety instruction on an obstacle course will take place during the Sunday classes.

    Not only is the course valuable for current and future motorcyclists, but the MSF card never expires, so participants won't ever have to take it again, Aiello said. Another benefit is that some insurance companies will give discounts for riders who have taken the course, he added.

    "Besides being a requirement, taking this course is great, especially for anyone who's new to riding motorcycles or has not previously operated one before," said Maj. Walt Kilmer, executive officer of Carlisle Barracks' U.S. Army Garrison. "Even if they're just thinking about purchasing one, this is a great opportunity."

    "Getting this training will provide me with a terrific chance to fulfill my last dream, my last grasp at adolescence: being a motorcycle rider," said Prof. Bert Tussing, professor of National Security Affairs with the Center for Strategic Leadership's Operations and Gaming Division. "The course will instill safe riding basics right from the beginning, instead of having to fumble through it. You get firsthand expertise from very experienced riders."

    Seats are still available for these scheduled courses: May 7, 11, 15, and 18; June 5, 8, 12, and 15; June 19, 22, 26, and 29; July 10, 13, 17, and 20; Aug. 7, 10, 13, and 17; Sept. 11, 14, 18, and 21; and Oct. 9, 12, 16, and 19.

    Anyone interested can call Aiello for a seat reservation, at (717) 245-4353, as there's a maximum number of students per course. There are eight slots dedicated for active-duty military members in every class, but Aiello can request for additional classes should the need arise.


Pennsylvania law mandates booster seats - find out more

    A new law affects every driver in Pennsylvania, regardless of state registration.

    As of Feb. 21, children 4 to under 8 must use a booster seat. If cited for a moving violation, a driver may be fined up to $100 for nonuse of a required booster seat.

    Children under 4 years must use a restraint, and nonuse is a primary offense.


Avoid long-distance scam

    The "Nigerian" letter scam is well known to many people around the world. This scam is now being perpetrated through the Internet via email. The scam usually involves innocent recipients who receive a letter from a government official or an officer of a Nigerian state business who claims to have stolen millions of dollars and needs to get the money out of the country. The person cannot use his own bank account and therefore asks to send money to your bank account after which he would give you 10-35 percent of the money in exchange for this service. Once the fraudster has your account number, he then would withdraw money from your account.
    There are many variations of this scam. The scam requires either upfront money or your back account numbers.

    Typically, the scam offers a tremendous return on your investment. You are asked to send monies overseas to a certain bank account and either the innocent investor is asked to invest more and more to avoid losing money on their investment. In all cases, the money is lost and unrecoverable. This scam is not restricted to letters or emails from Nigeria any more but all involve the same telltale signs. Iraq, South Africa, Indonesia, and a few other countries have been source sites. 

    In response to this growing epidemic, the United States Secret Service established "Operation 4-1-9" (named for the section of the Nigerian penal code which addresses fraud schemes) designed to target Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud on an international basis. The Financial Crimes Division of the Secret Service receives approximately 100 telephone calls from victims/potential victims and 300-500 pieces of related correspondence per day.
    If you have received a letter or e-mail, but have not lost any monies, or if you have been victimized by one of these schemes, please call the automated Secret Service hotline for instructions at (202) 406-5572 or use their e-mail link located on the Secret Service website below.  If your desire more information about this scam please go on line to the Secret Service website  at



DoD Chemical & Biological Defense training facts


    March 6, 2003 --Some recent media accounts have prompted a more thorough explanation of military training and equipment for Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) Defense.  Those accounts often cite issues raised in audits and inspections in 2001 and 2002.  The American people need to know that men and women of the U.S. Armed Forces are afforded the best and most advanced equipment and training in the world.   


U.S. Soldiers and other U.S. service members have the best chemical and biological defense training and equipment in the world.

     Over the past six years, the Army has developed and fielded 19 new chemical and biological defense systems, to include detectors and individual protection systems such as the suit and mask.  Five new biological detectors have been produced.  The equipment has undergone extensive testing.

    Chem/bio suits (referred to as the Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology) are lighter than the Gulf War predecessor, dissipate heat more quickly and protect against all known or suspected chem/bio agents. 

    Every soldier deployed is issued two suits.  Before issuance, each suit is checked three times for defects, and there are zero defects in the stockpile.

    Each soldier's individual mask is validated for fit and serviceability when it is issued to the soldier.

    The chem/bio threat does create fear and concern. 


One of the hallmarks of Army training is the integration of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) training at the team and unit levels.

         Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) defense tasks are routinely trained as part of other tasks. 

         Commanders tailor training to the unit's mission.



Unit-level programs are in place to inspect and maintain chem/bio equipment. 

         Equipment is checked extensively for proper operation and serviceability to ensure soldiers have equipment that is fully effective.

         As part of Soldier Readiness Processing, each mask's fit and serviceability is validated before deployment. Continued checks are performed at a soldier's deployed location.


Chem/bio detection equipment is better than in Desert Storm. 

         We have fielded several new chem/bio detection systems with improved capabilities for both chemical and biological agents. 

         The military now has a Biological Detection capability (BIDS, Joint Portal Shield, and JBPDS) that did not exist during Desert Storm.

         False positives are still possible in very limited circumstances but we have techniques and procedures to confirm or deny the presence of chemical and biological agents.



There are sufficient quantities of new protective chem/bio suits. 

         All forces deploying to support current operations have two chem/bio suits with two suits available in contingency stocks. 

         Follow-on forces will draw from contingency stocks as an interim measure while production increases.

         The suits can be laundered up to 6 times for personal hygiene during its wear life of 45 days or total service life of 120 days.


The 250,000 chem/bio suits that were determined defective in 2002 are marked as defective and are being used by units as training suits. 

         The defective suits are not issued as contingency stocks nor are they part of the soldier's Individual Chemical Equipment (ICE) package.

         Each Major Subordinate Commander of the Army has confirmed there are no defective chem/bio suits in the contingency stocks for our soldiers.



Many military decontamination actions and procedures do not require water.

         For those large equipment systems that do require water, the Army has special decontamination units that have water-hauling capability.

         If necessary, the Army can forward-position water supplies to accommodate decontamination.

         Decontamination is a logistically intensive operation requiring personnel, medical support and supplies


The military is prepared in the event of chem/bio casualties. 

         Medical personnel receive additional training and equipment to support the care and treatment of chem/bio casualties. 

         We are deploying a Medical Surveillance System that will greatly enhance our ability to track and identify early-on any use of chem/bio agents.

         Use of chem/bio agents would pose an increased burden, but we are prepared to handle the challenge. 


The Army is the executive agent for DOD in chem/bio defense, and has extensive expertise in this area. 


see related Army News story



Tom Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office and Staff Sgt. Jeffrey Ege, Public Affairs Office

Geothermal heat pump project to start in early March   


Feb. 27, 2003 --Marshall Ridge residents can expect to see some changes in the coming weeks, as the geothermal heat pump project kicks off on March 10.

    The project, designed to make post housing and office heating and air-conditioning more efficient, will begin after a slight delay while awaiting approval from the Pennsylvania State Historical Preservation Office for the first two phases of the project.

    Now that Phase I and II of the project have been approved, work can begin on the Marshall Ridge housing area, areas surrounding the center of post, which include the Department of Public Works buildings, and the golf course. Phase III, still awaiting final approval,  would encompass the historic and archeological sites on the remainder of post. It is expected that the project will last until early 2004.  

    "We're looking to improve not only the visual look of the installation," said Bob Tidona, the energy project manager. "We're looking to save the installation money as well."

    Those savings could be as much as 40-45 percent annually on heating and cooling costs, said Tidona. The environmental impacts are equivalent to reducing 735 automobiles or planting 1000 acres of trees.

    "This type of heating has been called the most environmentally-friendly, cost effective and efficient conditioning system available by the EPA," Tidona said.

    Post residents will be notified that drilling will occur in their area two weeks in advance by letters from the Garrison Commander and the DPW.  Door tags  will be placed on the residents doors two to three days in advance as a reminder. Letters will be distributed again two weeks in advance of work within the homes to install the heat pumps, for which an adult will need to be present in the home.  Door tags will once again be used to notify residents  two or three days in advance of the installation of the heat pumps,. The tags will include phone numbers that residents can call if they have any concerns, according to Sexton.

    Actual heat pump installation will take approximately two days each in  Marshall Ridge and four days for all other housing units that don't already have existing ductwork in them.

    Aside from the savings, another benefit was pointed out when concerns were brought up by Lt. Col. John Koivisto, Garrison Commander. Koivisto noted that some residents comment on the dry heat, and the negative effects it has on  furniture and health.

    In response, Garry Sexton, Construction Manager for the Co-Energy Group, went on to explain that with these type of systems, the heating and cooling produced are more comfortable.

    "Steam heat removes much of the moisture from the air, which in turn makes residences and offices much more dry," said Sexton.  With this type of system, there is more moisture retained in the air itself. There should also be lower amounts of molds and irritants in the air as well." There will also be no limits on the thermostats, as residents will be able to set it at a temperature comfortable to them.

    More than 100 wells will be drilled throughout the historic post's landscape as part of the project. Each will be several hundred feet deep, and some may be only 15-20 feet from quarters. The holes on Marshal Ridge are expected to be placed between the two driveways, Tidona said. The holes created will be an average of 12 inches in diameter and can be anywhere from 500-1400 feet deep.    

    The command staff, DPW and the contractor said they will do all they can to ensure the post is safe and beautiful as possible.

    "We won't have the post left in an unsafe or unattractive condition," said Sexton. "Once a hole is dug, a steel casing will be put in it, and it will be capped off. Open trenches, work vehicles and equipment will be cordoned off for safety with orange safety fencing.

    "As soon as a trench is done, its (piping has) been tested, we go ahead and do the landscaping. The goal is to not have any open trenches," said Bob Howell, Vice President of Construction for Co-Energy Group, subcontractor of Energy Performance Services, Inc. "We're going to get that grass to grow as quickly as we can," he said.

    Besides re-seeding the grass, unsightly steam manholes will also be filled in. Removal of manholes will improve the looks of the post and may actually free up some parking in a few areas.

    A private contractor, Energy Performance Services, Inc., will be installing the new systems under an Energy Saving Performance Contract. Under ESPC, a contractor inspects the facility and determines ways that energy can be saved. The contractor then identifies the specific improvements that will be made, determines the cost, and gets the job financed through a bank. After the systems are installed and savings start being realized, the contractor takes the savings and puts them back toward the loan, until it is paid off, Tarman explained. DPW is currently working out the details with the contractor, he said. 

    Even though the project is one of a large scale, it will likely lead to the installation being energy efficient and within all guidelines, Tarman said.

    Residents with questions or concerned are asked to contact DPW at 245-3746.

    See related Banner article