Banner Archive for September 2013

Army Heritage Drive closure Sept. 30

Middlesex Township will be closing Army Heritage Drive in the area of the Interstate 81 overpass to Conrad Road to install water lines on Monday, Sept. 30 at 7 a.m. The road will reopen once the project is completed.




As I am sure you are tracking in the news, there is uncertainty about the outcome of Congressional actions regarding the federal budget. You are also no doubt aware of the possibility that Congress may not complete a full fiscal year 2014 appropriation of funds – or even a continuing resolution -- prior to October 1st. For those of you who know me, you know that I am an “optimistic and realistic idealist” – and the optimistic idealist in me notes there is time for Congress to prevent a lapse, but the realistic aspects of command mean I must prepare our outfit for all possibilities, to include a government shutdown at midnight Monday night (September 30th). 

That is why today we are notifying our civilian employees and all leaders, military and civilian, of their individual and organizational status during a potential government shutdown to give as much clarity as possible to each individual should this happen. Bottom line, we are driven to a minimum mission-essential manning and a minimum-essential activity posture to limit spending any monies. Here is what that means to you: my uniformed military and contract personnel should expect to continue to work; my US Government Civilians will each be notified today (Friday, September 27th) of their potential status as “excepted” or “non-excepted.” These terms are important: “excepted” means your job is deemed mission essential at this time, under these conditions, to continuing select operations that have also been deemed “excepted;” “non-excepted” simply means at this point in time, under these particular conditions, you are not part of an “excepted activity.” As you can also imagine, activities such as travel, some specific medical, dental and personnel support activities will be curtailed or limited as we go to a budget-saving, minimum-manning status.

While no decision has been made and this is only for planning, should a government shut-down come to pass, non-excepted employees would receive a formal furlough notice on Tuesday, October 1st. Please note this is not like the last furlough we endured: the previous furlough meant no work and no pay; this type of furlough imposed during a government shutdown will result in a directive to not come to work, but retroactive pay could be appropriated by Congress after the fact (but no guarantees).

This sort of thing is driven by law. In such a lapse of appropriations, the Department of Defense can only conduct activities designed to protect safety of life and property and any other specific military operations approved by the Secretary of Defense. For us, the good news is that execution of professional military education at the US Army War College is considered an “excepted activity.” We will continue to go to school and conduct mission essential leader development activities. Medical care, dental care, and support services on Carlisle Barracks will continue, although some with limited manning. So, all the great people of this region of the Commonwealth who count on us for service and support should plan for closures or limited activity among some of our key services.  We will post details for these adjustments by all electronic means if this comes to pass. 

I repeat for emphasis and understanding: we are not yet at the point of government shutdown but we are preparing for one. Ask your chain of command and supervisors any questions you might have on this – I will try to answer them as quickly as possible. I find myself once again asking my outstanding team for their patience and perseverance as we weather this period of uncertainty together. With what you have been through this summer, I remain deeply appreciative of your sense of duty and your professionalism – I am proud to serve with each of you.


Tony Cucolo

Major General, US Army

Commanding General, Carlisle Barracks

49th Commandant, U.S. Army War College 

Cone discusses budget effects, TRADOC's future during town hall


FORT EUSTIS, Va. -- Gen. Robert W. Cone, commanding general of U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, hosted a town hall at Jacob's Theater here Sept. 18 to share information with TRADOC military and civilian personnel.

Topics included how cuts to the Department of the Army's budget may affect TRADOC, the command's numerous accomplishments and the future of the organization.

Cone began the town hall by discussing TRADOC's mandatory budget cuts, noting that TRADOC will have to maintain readiness and the ability to reshape the Army despite the reduction.

Cone made it clear that in negotiating the challenges of sequestration, the command must continue to focus on the Army's current transition from war to future training and development of the force.

"We are in a transition between an Army of execution to an Army of preparation," Cone said. "Our future takes place in TRADOC classrooms and ARCIC (TRADOC's Army Capabilities Integration Center) meeting rooms across our Army to design the future. If we give that up and pay for too much near-term readiness, then we give up growing our leaders of the future."

According to Cone, since 2001, the TRADOC headquarters workforce has been reduced by 33 percent -- mostly by hiring freezes and retirements.

When discussing potential personnel cuts, Cone said he doesn't believe in reductions that single out temporary employees and those with little seniority. Instead, he said personnel cuts will be an opportunity for reorganization.

"For too long, all of the reductions in TRADOC were done by hiring freezes and retirements, and that left us with a good workforce, but not the optimal workforce for the work we need to do today," Cone said. "In some cases, we need to reorganize many of the functions."

He stated that when a sizeable amount of an organization is cut, it creates opportunities for employee advancement and increased responsibilities.

During the town hall, Cone highlighted successes in more than 20 TRADOC initiatives, ranging from further developing civilian education to the command's latest initiative, Soldier 2020.TRADOC's role in Soldier 2020 is to define physical demands to determine standards for each military occupational specialty and to identify institutional and cultural factors that will help Soldiers and the Army succeed. The intent of the effort is to match the right Soldier -- regardless of gender -- to jobs that best correspond to their abilities.

"My belief is that women have paid for their opportunity to serve wherever they want to serve in the U.S. Army," said Cone.

Cone added that recent surveys show the majority of Soldiers agree with women serving wherever they wish to serve.

The commanding general also discussed the importance of the Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention program, emphasizing that sexual harassment and assault are unacceptable in both TRADOC and the Army.

In addition to Soldier 2020, Cone also discussed the release of the U.S. Army Capstone Concept, the publication of new manuals within Doctrine 2015 and the implementation of the Army Leader Development Strategy, which outlines senior leaders' vision and strategy of all Army professionals.
Cone concluded the discussion by looking forward and highlighting future TRADOC initiatives.

"We have a great path set, and the Army is relying on us now more than they have in the past 12 years," Cone said.

DOD Taking Prudent Steps in Face of Government Shutdown


By Jim Garamone
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Sept. 26, 2013 – The Defense Department is taking prudent steps to plan for a possible government shutdown Oct. 1, Deputy Secretary of Defense Ash Carter said in a memo signed today.

The deputy secretary believes there is still time for Congress to enact legislation to avoid a shutdown. “The administration is willing to work with Congress to enact a short-term continuing resolution to fund critical government operations and allow Congress the time to complete the full year 2014 appropriations,” he said.

Still the threat of a shutdown remains and department leaders must prepare in case a lapse in appropriations occurs. If a funding lapse occurs it will affect the entire government.

Carter explained how a funding lapse would affect Defense Department personnel. DOD leaders took their guidance from the U.S. Attorney General and the Justice Department. “We have worked to determine which of our activities may continue under these legal requirements,” Carter wrote. “Similarly, we have worked to determine which of our employees would continue to report to work in the event of a lapse in funding, and which employees would be placed on furlough.”

These determinations may change if the lapse in appropriations lasts for a long time, he said.

“All military personnel would continue in a normal duty status; however, a large number of our civilian employees would be temporarily furloughed,” Carter said.

“The categorization of employees and whether or not someone is furloughed is not a reflection on the quality of their work, nor of their importance to our agency,” Carter said. “It is merely a reflection of the legal requirements that we must operate under should a lapse occur.”

Commanders and supervisors will give specifics to employees, but these conversations are not the formal notification of a furlough. “Official furlough notices will only be issued on October 1st if a lapse in funding has occurred,” Carter wrote.

The deputy secretary said the uncertainty has put the DOD workforce in a difficult position. “Should a lapse occur, it could impose hardships on many employees, as well as the people that we serve every day,” he said.

OPM has information at

Related Sites:
Carter Memo - Sept. 26, 2013

PACOM commander addresses War College class


Adm. Samuel Locklear, commander of U.S. Pacific Command,  spoke to the Army War College resident class of 2014 Sept. 18 to talk about his responsibilities as the commander of USPACOM as well as the complexities of that theater.  He followed his presentation to the students with a round table discussion that included War College leadership and planning staff.

TRADOC: Futures wargame prepares Army for 2030

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Sept. 20, 2013) -- The Army doesn't know for sure what the global environment will look like around 2030, but it's likely going to have to conduct operations then when called upon to do so.

To prepare for that time, the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command conducted a Unified Quest Deep Futures Wargame at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., Sept. 16-20, 2013.

The wargame takes predictions about the future strategic environment, from insights that come from the National Intelligence Council 2030 study and other sources, including the Army's own studies, and uses that environment as the foundation for two teams to independently wargame the same fictional futures scenario.

While the future strategic environment is something nobody can be 100 percent sure of, the Army's wargame works on a futures model predicted by using 40 geostrategic, military, science, and technology trends.

Included in futures predictions are the effects of expanding nation states, non-state actors that include groups like Hezbollah and al Qaeda, non-government agencies and even large global corporations. Also included in futures predictions are the effects of climate change, shifting demographics, urbanization, information, and technological trends, said Maj. Gen. Bill Hicks, deputy director, Army Capabilities Integration Center.

"What you see in terms of the environment -- because of this interconnection, which is also reflected in the globalized nature of our society and the increasing technological dependence of global society -- [are] events unfolding more quickly," Hicks said. "You see the second- and third-order effects of those events impacting on a wider scale in terms of having a global impact. That drives us to consider how do we influence those events at speed -- arrest their acceleration, control those events and try to restore to some degree of stability an area that has gone 'tilt,' if you will."

One team involved in the wargame was equipped as today's Army, as it is programmed to be in 2030. The other team is equipped with "things that are possible but not yet programmed into the Army," Hicks said.

"One of the outcomes of the more technologically enabled force is that they can respond in the game more rapidly," Hicks said. "They can cut the time in half, or maybe two-thirds. It allows the political leadership to respond very rapidly to something that is happening very quickly. If the event can be responded to over a longer period of time, what we are really doing is giving the president, the secretary and others more political space to maneuver."

While the two teams worked through the challenges of a theoretical conflict more than 17 years in the future, and each used a different capability set, they were able to develop insights into how today's Army can better prepare for an uncertain future.

This wargame, Hicks said, focuses on two operational issues; one of those is the "imperative of speed." Key findings of the emerging operating environment is the "momentum of human interaction." Hicks said that includes the information that can be amassed, and the ideas that can be shared by people through the use of technology, as well as the ability to organize and take action.

"That momentum is something we see accelerating into the future, which will compress the decision space of our political leadership, and will drive the imperative for Army forces to be able to respond to it and influence events at the speed at which they occur," Hicks said. "This creates options both militarily, and, potentially, we should be able to provide more decision space back to our political leadership."

New operational approaches are also a focus in the wargame, he said, in addition to "revisiting" old ones.

"Non-linear operations, such as what we saw when we conducted Just Cause in Panama, is something we're looking at," he said. "How do we do that on a more routine basis against a variety of different challenges?"

The outcome of a wargame such as the one conducted at Carlisle Barracks is the ability to help Army senior leadership of today chart a better course for the Army of tomorrow. Right now, Hicks said, the Army is spinning down from being an operational Army to one that is preparing, or getting ready for the next fight. He said being prepared means being ready for the next fight, and it also means laying the groundwork today that will help an Army in the future be ready to fight.

"There are a couple of things we can impact today that we will see the effects of in 2030 and 2040," Hicks said. "The senior leaders of the Army in 2030-2040 are in the Army today. So we need to look at what are the implications and the things that we need to start doing today with the officers and non-commissioned officers that we have, to start educating them over time, so they are prepared to deal with that environment."

Hicks also said the Army can start thinking now about what types of Soldiers it will need to fight in a future environment; what types of Soldiers it will need to recruit today and in the near future, in order to have a capable Army in 2030.

In addition to personnel issues, the Army must also lay the groundwork today to ensure the future Army has the tools and technology it will need. Hicks said that doesn't necessarily mean buying new equipment today, or spelling out exactly what kinds of weapons are going to be needed. Instead, it means ensuring the Army remains committed to robust science and technology development.

"[It's] not predicting the systems the future force will need, but looking to make sure we are focusing our science and technology investments today so that in the mid-2020s, those leaders have more options to draw from as they reshape the force for that decade," Hicks said.

While a "deep futures" wargame can't truly predict what the strategic environment will look like, Hicks said already the Army is aware of some things it needs to focus on to be more prepared for the uncertainty that is going to come.

"It is to our advantage to be more involved in the international environment, working mil-to-mil relationships, enabling diplomatic, economic and information activities around the world, attracting partners, reassuring allies, creating deterrent structures to maintain a degree of balance strategically, and then through all those activities being postured to respond when that strategic balance is upset," he said.

The goal of the Unified Quest Deep Futures Wargame, Hicks said, is to "inform decisions today so we can create options for tomorrow."

The wargame will generate some "insights," he said, that can be brought to Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Ray Odierno, to better inform him on decisions he will make now to ensure the Army can be successful in the future.

"What we will be able to do is bring him some insights and help him think about the implications of this deep future, which really isn't that far away; to inform his thinking on where he needs to make investments," Hicks said.

Those investments in the future mean the right technology and the right kinds of people, Hicks said.   

Odierno takes blunt message to Capitol Hill

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Sept. 19, 2013) -- The Army's chief of staff told lawmakers if they don't mitigate reductions under the Budget Control Act, 85 percent of brigade combat teams would be ill-prepared for contingency requirements by the end of fiscal year 2014.

Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Ray Odierno was blunt, as he testified Sept. 18, to the House Armed Services Committee. His statistic on the Budget Control Act, readiness included both active and reserve-component brigades, if the speed and magnitude of cuts are not stopped.

Odierno and other service chiefs said the Budget Control Act, coupled with sequestration, will have a long-term impact on the country's readiness and modernization.

"We'll be required to end, restructure or delay more than 100 acquisition programs, putting at risk the Ground Combat Vehicle program, the Armed Aerial Scout, the production and modernization of our aviation programs, system upgrade for unmanned aerial vehicles and the modernization of our air defense command-and-control systems just to name a few," warned Odierno.

The chief continued that not until fiscal years 2018 to 2023 would readiness in modernization begin to rebalance, but it would also come at the expense of significant reductions in end-strength and force structure. Presently, the active Army is slated to drop from a war-time high of 570,000 to 490,000 Soldiers by fiscal year 2017.

Further budget cuts would bring that number down to 420,000 in the active Army, 315,000 in the National Guard and 185,000 in the Army Reserve.

"This will represent a total Army end-strength reduction of more than 18 percent over seven years; a 26 percent reduction in the active Army, a 12 percent reduction in the Army National Guard, and a nine percent reduction in the U.S. Army Reserve," he said.

"Additionally, this will result in a 45 percent reduction in active Army brigade combat teams. That means less tanks, less Bradleys, less trucks, less M-16s, less mortars, less artillery systems ... it impacts all of our workload, because we're getting smaller," he added. "In my view, these reductions will put at substantial risk our ability to conduct even one sustained major combat operation."

The general noted that he believes with full sequestration, the Army cannot meet the defense strategic guidance established in 2012. He said one of the problems was the "somewhat rosy assumptions" that he thought could be dangerous. Once such assumption is that conflicts might last only six months, would have no casualties, and that in order to be involved in those operations, the Army would disengage from anything else it was doing.

"My problem with that is we just got done fighting two wars in Iraq and Afghanistan ... we never disengaged from Korea ... we didn't disengage from the Sinai ... we didn't disengage from Kosovo," Odierno said. "So why is there a belief that we will disengage in the future..?"

When asked about investment in cutting-edge protection for Soldiers, Odierno said Soldier systems were the "Number-one priority ... getting the best equipment possible for them to be able to conduct the operation you want them to do."

When the Defense Department went into a hiring freeze and initiated furloughs, Odierno said the Army began losing some its best civilian employees because they were uncertain about their futures.

"We will look at programs that allow us to keep the best, because we need our scientists; we need our engineers; we need our Ph.D.s to help us come up with new ideas and technologies for us to take care of our young men and women in uniform," Odierno said.

When queried on the state of cyber and intelligence-gathering, Odierno and the other service chiefs said there would be an increase in cyber investment.

"Even though we are decreasing our budget, we (Army) are going to increase the cyber force by at least 1,800 people," said Odierno. "In terms of intelligence ... we provide not only intelligence for the Army, but intelligence for the broader strategic and operational force, which is key to combatant commanders."

Concern was expressed by committee members on the effects of sequestration on military exercises with allies -- especially in regions of great instability -- and what message it could send to allies as well as foes.

"I just returned from the Pacific Army commanders' conference, and the whole point of the conference was about multilateral engagements, multilateral exercises, sharing of information, and the inter-operability piece. It's all very important to them, and so to me it's key," Odierno said.

"In the future, we're going to operate in a joint inter-agency multinational environment ... we know that and we have to do the best we can," he said. "My only last point would be, our partners are also significantly reducing their investments and their [militaries], so we have to be very careful about our assumptions about what we think they will do for us ... it's a combination of all of those things we have to consider as we move forward."   

Amb. Helen Reed-Rowe on United Nations-delegated International Day of Peace

Saturday, September 21st 2013, is the United Nations-delegated International Day of Peace. The United States Army War College’s Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute invites you to view the remarks of The Army War College’s own Ambassador Helen Reed-Rowe, recognizing this day of world-wide significance.

Medal of Honor Recipient meets with Carlisle High School Students

Medal of Honor recipient, retired Lt. General Robert Foley meets with 31 Carlisle Area School District student leaders of a social studies class for a unique discussion about character and character development. The students were selected by each of the social studies teachers at the high school.  Each teacher selected two or three students based on their leadership roles and active participation within student organizations at the high school.

Foley was honored by the nation with the Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life as an Infantry Captain in Vietnam, Nov. 5, 1966. He is among the elite corps of Medal of Honor recipients meeting Sep 18-22 at Gettysburg for the annual Medal of Honor Society Convention; their legacy is the group's Character Development Program to inspire American youth to be great citizens of their communities, their country and the world.

By Daria Dunning
Bob Delaney shares PTS story with War College Community


Bob Delaney, a former New Jersey state trooper, spoke to the Army War College Community Sept. 17 about the human response to trauma, basing his comments on his own post- trauma stress symptoms and how he learned to cope and continue through a NBA referee career.


How often we have questions without answers, or don’t know where to turn for help? We may be trying to seek answers from the doctors, and looking for medicine to change the way we feel. It’s easy to “shut down” and stop showing our emotions to the others, but the others are often the ones who can help us in the most effective way. Trust a  buddy, and talk it out – that’s the lesson of a first-person presentation on post-traumatic stress.

Bob Delaney, veteran, NBA referee, author, and nationally recognized PTSD authority, talked with Families and with the USAWC student body today in two presentations here at Bliss Hall to increase awareness and education on post-traumatic stress.  He knows the problem first hand. He developed the condition as a young New Jersey State Trooper in the mid-1970s, after an undercover assignment with the Mafia.

Delaney is a leader in the post-traumatic stress disorder education, but as he said himself, he prefers to call it “post-traumatic stress development”. He wants people to understand that it is not a sign of weakness or a stigma, but a normal physiological response to untenable amounts of stress. Sharing his formula for development, he offered three recommendations:  share one’s experience, be intellectually ready to learn, and reflect.

PTSD remains misunderstood, and can bring feelings of shame. Delaney’s own experience inspired him to educate others and remind us thatwe influence and shape others’  lives just as they can influence and shape ours. The first step, according to Delaney, is to understand the fundamental truth – what we really need is each other.

He believes that change of attitude can make people feel more comfortable opening up to their peers, seeking help and lives may even be saved. Trust a buddy, and talk it out.

As a leader in the PTSD education and awareness movement, Delaney has presented before members of law enforcement, firefighters, and emergency service workers for the past three decades. He visited and worked with troops in Iraq and Afghanistan in 2009 and 2010 and was brought to Fort Hood by the base commander, General Robert W. Cone, following the tragic shooting rampage in 2009. If you missed the lecture, you can find more about his life and experience form his books: “Covert: My Years Infiltrating the Mob” and “Surviving the Shadows: A Journey of Hope into Post-Traumatic Stress”.

Hagel to lay wreath at Navy Memorial to honor shooting victims

American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Sept. 17, 2013 - Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and other senior Defense Department leaders will lay a wreath at the U.S. Navy Memorial plaza at 10 a.m. today to honor the victims of yesterday's shooting rampage at the Washington Navy Yard.

The wreath will be placed adjacent to "The Lone Sailor," who represents "all people who have ever served, are serving now, or are yet to serve in the United States Navy," Pentagon officials said.

Meanwhile, President Barack Obama has ordered that U.S. flags be flown at half-staff through sundown Sept. 20 to honor the victims.

Hagel issued a statement yesterday in the aftermath of the shooting spree that authorities said killed 12 people and wounded at least eight others. The suspected shooter was killed in an encounter with security personnel, officials said.

"I have been receiving regular updates on the shooting at the Washington Navy Yard, and continue to monitor the situation closely," Hagel said in his statement. "This is a tragic day for the Department of Defense, the national capital area, and the nation. My thoughts and prayers are with the victims of this outrageous act of violence, their families, and all those affected by today's events.

"I am grateful for the swift response of federal and local law enforcement, and for the professionalism of DOD personnel at the Navy Yard complex," the secretary continued. "The Department of Defense will continue to offer its full assistance in the investigation of this terrible and senseless violence."

Navy Secretary Ray Mabus said he was "deeply shocked and saddened" by the shooting.

"Our thoughts and prayers are with the victims and their families," he said. "I have complete confidence in our first responders, and I continue to be completely focused on this very difficult situation."

Mabus pledged his support in a video message to those affected by the shooting. Earlier in the day, during a news conference at MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Mabus announced he had conferred "SECNAV Designee" status on injured personnel. The Secretary of the Navy Designee Program provides special eligibility for medical and dental care from naval medical facilities for patients affected by the shooting.

The Navy's top military officer also expressed condolences to the victims and their families on behalf of himself and his wife, Darleen.

"Our team of sailors and Navy civilians at the Navy Yard deserve our care and concern at this time," Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan W. Greenert said. "I applaud the efforts of all who immediately responded to this course of events in order to care for the injured victims and ensure the safety of our personnel."

Navy officials have established an emergency family support task force to assist victims, workers and families with related issues. The task force is led by Navy Vice. Adm. William D. French, commander of the Navy's Installations Command.

By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
Hagel, Dempsey honor 12 killed at Washington Navy Yard

WASHINGTON, Sept. 17, 2013 - Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, Navy Secretary Ray Mabus and Joint Chiefs Chairman Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey today joined other defense leaders to place a wreath at the Navy Memorial here in honor of the 12 employees killed at the Washington Navy Yard yesterday.

In a short, somber ceremony, Hagel and Dempsey placed a wreath next to the "Lone Sailor" statue at the memorial on Pennsylvania Avenue this morning.

Washington Mayor Vincent Gray joined the military leaders. All present saluted or placed their hands over their hearts as a bugler played "Taps."

The FBI is continuing the investigation into the shooting rampage.

Aaron Alexis, a former Navy reservist, is alleged to have been the shooter. Alexis was killed in a gun duel with police.

Officials have released the names and ages of seven of those killed. They are: Michael Arnold, 59; Sylvia Frasier, 53; Kathy Gaarde, 62; John Roger Johnson, 73, Frank Kohler, 50; Kenneth Bernard Proctor, 46 and Vishnu Pandit, 61. Other names will be released when family notifications are complete, officials said.

SSI September 2013 Newsletter now available

The latest SSI newsletter is now available online:

The newsletter features the op-ed, "Is Strategy Really A Lost Art?" The newsletter also features our recently published studies and articles:

  • AFRICOM at Five Years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command;
  • Cartel Car Bombings in Mexico;
  • The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States;
  • The Security Concerns of the Baltic States as NATO Allies;
  • Development of the Baltic Armed Forces in Light of Multinational Deployments; and
  • 2013 - 2014 Key Strategic Issues List.

Join SSI on Facebook:


Medal of Honor Society hosting annual convention in Gettysburg

This week 48 recipients of the Medal of Honor, the top award for valor in the U.S. military, will gather in Gettysburg for their annual meeting. Recipients from World War II to current operations in Afghanistan are expected to be in attendance.  

In addition to their meetings, the attendees will also be able to view various historical displays provided by the Army Heritage and Education Center.  12 displays highlighting Medal of Honor recipients from various services from the Spanish American War to the present and a video displaying photos and information on the living Medal of Honor recipients attending the conference are just some of what attendees will see.  

To learn more about the Congressional Medal of Honor Society visit their site at

Hispanic Heritage Month an opportunity to explore contributions

By Terri Moon Cronk, American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Sept. 16, 2013 - Hispanic Heritage Month, which began Sept. 15, marks a time to showcase the many contributions Hispanic Americans have made to the Defense Department, the Deputy Director of DOD's Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity said.

Continuing through Oct. 15, the month-long observance gives people the opportunity to explore the Hispanic culture, F. Michael Sena said in a recent interview with American Forces Press Service and the Pentagon Channel, though Hispanic heritage is not for a specific demographic group.

"It's for everyone," he added. "It's our history."

The department's Hispanic-American population of service members and civilian employees is increasing, Sena said.

"Military and civilians throughout the world are in critical roles in DOD," he said. "Hispanic-Americans have a deep, profound impact on DOD, and it's through that impact that their commitment to family, faith, hard work and public service has influenced and enhanced our national culture through multicultural and multiethnic traditions. You can see that in everyday life through our food, language and art."

About 11.5 percent of DOD's military total force is Hispanic, and about 5.5 percent of that comprises officers, Sena said. The greatest strides are being made in Hispanic women, or Latinas, and Latina officers in particular, whose numbers have nearly doubled to 2,000 in the military in recent years, he said.

"[Latina officers] are fantastic role models to our folks throughout the country," he said, adding that of the estimated 800,000 civilians who work for DOD worldwide, Hispanics make up about 6.5 percent.

Still, he said, Pentagon officials hope to recruit more Hispanic service members. "DOD still needs to do a lot of work to increase our numbers to be reflective of the nation," he acknowledged.

DOD's major strategies to increase the Hispanic population in its ranks include having a robust outreach and recruitment program, working on educational and developmental programs for future employees, and developmental programs for existing employees to refresh their skills and make them more competitive in their occupations, Sena said.

While strides have been made, he added, more progress also is needed within the realm of civilian DOD employment.

"DOD is committed to increasing its diversity and inclusion numbers," he said, adding that diversity represents more than demographics. "We're talking about individuals who have skills, knowledge and abilities that bring different perspectives -- diversity is key to our readiness."

To spread the word among Hispanics that DOD is a model employer, the department engages with affinity groups, such as Latina Style, the National Organization of Mexican American Rights and the League of United Latin American Citizens to reach out to Hispanic Americans, Sena said. The department also is pursuing opportunities for Hispanics in the science, technology, engineering and math fields -- also known as STEM -- by working with students, parents and teachers.

STEM investments in individuals such as Hispanic-Americans leads to innovation, Sena noted.

"Innovation requires individuals who are creative [and] have diverse thoughts and ideas to make our lives better," he said. "It increases quality of life, which leads to a better economy, and a better economy is a pillar of our national security."

Campbell outlines plans to strengthen behavioral health programs

By C. Todd Lopez      

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Sept. 13, 2013) -- The Army expects to have embedded behavioral health teams on Army installations and in all active brigade combat teams no later than fiscal year 2016.

Speaking before the 2013 Warrior-Family Symposium, Sept. 12, in Washington, D.C., Vice Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. John F. Campbell briefly laid out some of the Army's efforts to bolster resilience in Soldiers and strengthen its behavioral health programs for service members and their families.

Campbell said the Army is focused now on an effort to "standardize, integrate, and centralize" the tracking of its behavioral health programs and behavioral health patients. To do so, they have created what he calls the "behavioral health service line." That includes six lines of effort, which he explained to the several hundred attendees of the day-long symposium.

First among those is embedded behavioral healthcare. That includes "multi-disciplinary community behavioral health care to Soldiers in close proximity to where they live and to their units." That health care stays coordinated with their units and their families, he said.

The Army in 2012 first directed development of embedded behavioral health teams on every Army installation, and in all active brigade combat teams. The embedded behavioral health model, Campbell said, is "an early intervention and treatment model that promotes Soldier readiness before, during and after deployment."

Each embedded team usually includes a psychiatrist, three clinical psychologists, and three clinical social workers. Right now Campbell said the Army has 42 such teams across the Army -- 80 percent of which are within a brigade combat team. Implementation of embedded behavioral health care has proven effective, Campbell said; evaluation of the program "statistically [shows] significant changes in key areas such as improved mission readiness, increased outpatient utilization, and decreased need for acute in-patient psychiatric care."

Second, there is also a "behavioral health data portal," which Campbell said tracks patient outcomes, satisfaction and risk factors via a web application. "It enables improved assessment of program and treatment efficacy."

The portal is currently being implemented at all behavioral health centers and clinics, as well as at Army Medical Command.

The Army's Child and Family Behavioral Health Services provides care to spouses and children where they live, through school programs, along with child and family assistance centers. It also includes the integration of behavioral health providers into primary care clinics.

Family advocacy programs, he said, provide Soldiers training, support and "tools to establish a climate within their families that foster resilience and trust, to eliminate abuse and neglect," Campbell said.

Tele-behavioral health care provides clinical behavioral health care across great distances through the use of video teleconference technology. This also enables the Army to provide care to Soldiers who are in areas where it is not readily available in person. He said about 2,000 portable video teleconference systems are now in use to facilitate tele-behavioral health care.

Finally, the internal behavioral health consultant program integrates behavioral health care into primary care facilities, "in order to reduce the stigma associated with behavioral health and make it more accessible."

Campbell also discussed the Army's efforts to treat post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury, known as TBI; injuries that have become associated with 12 years of war in Afghanistan and Iraq.

"We've made great progress ... to ensure that Army and all Department of Defense personnel that have potentially been involved in concussive events are properly evaluated, treated and tracked," Campbell said.

To better detect possible TBI, Soldiers are equipped now in theater with three "blast gauges" that can detect their exposure to a concussive event, Campbell said. Vehicles are also being equipped with blast gauges.

Campbell said a partnership with the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund produced the National Intrepid Center of Excellence at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. That is now being expanded to nine satellite centers across the country -- seven for the Army, and two for the Marine Corps.

On Sept. 11, the first of those satellite centers, called "Intrepid Spirit 1," opened at Fort Belvoir, Va.

"These centers increase access to quality interdisciplinary care for our Soldiers and family members," he said. "Their proximity to where the warriors live allows patients to leverage love and support of the families that are tied into this process -- the healing process. It gives them the access to the latest research."

Army efforts into behavioral health are part of an overarching program called the Ready and Resilient Campaign, a "top priority" for Campbell, which he said is meant to "establish an enduring cultural change within our Army, starting with our Solders, but it has to include our families, and has to include our great Department of the Army civilians."

"It integrates resilience into how we build, strengthen, maintain, and access total fitness, individual performance, and more importantly unit readiness," he continued. "Our goal is to create an Army culture that embraces resiliency as part of our profession."

Army: suicide prevention help available 24/7

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Sept. 13, 2013) -- Suicide prevention help is available 24 hours a day and that message was emphasized at the Army's Suicide Prevention Program health fair at the Pentagon.

"Soldiers, Army civilians and family members have options," said Sherry Simmons-Coleman, senior program analyst for the Army's Suicide Prevention Program.

Those options include talking to a member of their unit, visiting the chaplain or behavior health professional on the installation, or calling the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, which is available 24-hours a day at 1-800-273- TALK (8255), she said.

Simmons-Coleman, who spoke at the health fair, Sept. 12, said the Army wants its members to know that support and counseling are available to help reduce the stresses that put people at risk for suicide.

"It's about bouncing back from adversities, tragedies, and any setbacks that life presents to you," she said. "It's knowing that that things will get better, that there is a light at the end of the tunnel."

The Army has marked National Suicide Prevention Month, which is September, and National Suicide Prevention Week, which runs Sept. 8-14, with the message that prevention is a 365-day effort.

The prevention efforts are part of the Army's Ready and Resilient Campaign that addresses the overall health -- mental, physical and emotional -- of Soldiers, Army civilians and family members to create a stronger, more resilient force.

Suicide is caused by multiple factors in many areas of a person's life, Simmons-Coleman said, and the Army is working to reduce the stigma associated with seeking help.

"Just like with any illness, if you are sick, get help," she said.

Also on hand at the wellness fair were members of the Army Reserve to talk about the resources available to address the unique stresses reservists face.

"They are balancing a regular day job, if they are employed, with the demands and obligations of their military service," said Maj. Larry Ray with the Employer Partnership Office at the Office of Chief Army Reserve.

The Employer Partnership Office works to establish public and private partnerships to facilitate employment and training opportunities for veterans, reserve Soldiers and their families, to increase readiness.

Ray said Soldiers who are under-employed or unemployed may feel stressed and overwhelmed in trying to support and care for their family, putting them at risk for suicide.

"By identifying issues with our Soldiers in the financial arena, we feel that we can play a critical role in the prevention of suicide and also improve our units' readiness," he said.

"We do recognize those very specific reserve-component stressors and obstacles to maintaining that balance between family, employer and military obligation," he said.

Maj. Rebekah Montgomery, a chaplain in the Army Reserve, said chaplains are always available to offer counseling support and crisis intervention for anyone in the Army family.

"We serve all Soldiers, all family members, regardless of their faith. Our responsibility is to perform or provide, so if we can't provide the direct service, it is our responsibility to make sure we get someone who does," she said.

In addition to calling the crisis line or taking in person to someone, she noted that Soldiers and family members can use a new app, available on iTunes and on the Android system, called "Battle Buddy."

The app, said Montgomery, will take a person through crisis steps, provide information and allow the user to call the resource directly from the app.   

Pentagon offers resources as Navy shooting response continues

American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Sept. 16, 2013 - Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel is making Defense Department resources available to Navy officials as they deal with a still-unfolding shooting incident at the Washington Navy Yard that reportedly has left some people dead and several others injured, Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said.

"Everyone here at the Department of Defense is saddened by the incident at the Washington Navy Yard this morning," Little said in a statement. "Our thoughts and prayers are with the victims."

Hagel is following the situation closely, Little said, and the commander of the Military District of Washington is determining the operational and security status of military installations in the national capital region.

"Individual installation commanders have the authority to change their operating status at their discretion," the press secretary said. "While the Pentagon remains open, the Pentagon Force Protection Agency increased its security posture, not out of a specific threat, but as a proactive, precautionary measure."

Little stressed that the situation remains fluid. Navy officials are working closely with law enforcement and emergency management representatives from the FBI and the District of Columbia to secure the scene and begin the investigation, he added.

An active shooter was reported inside the Naval Sea Systems Command Headquarters building at 8:20 a.m. EDT, officials said.

"Emergency personnel remain on scene, and a 'shelter in place' order has been issued for Navy Yard personnel," a Navy news release said.

The Naval Sea Systems Command's headquarters is the workplace for about 3,000 people. The organization is composed of command staff, headquarters directorates, affiliated program executive offices and numerous field activities. The command engineers, builds, buys and maintains ships, submarines and combat systems and is the largest of the Navy's five system commands.

A White House statement said President Barack Obama has been briefed several times about the unfolding situation by Lisa Monaco, his assistant for homeland Security and counterterrorism, and Deputy Chief of Staff Alyssa Mastromonaco.

The president directed his team to stay in touch with federal partners, including the Navy and FBI, as well as the local officials, the statement said.

The Army Heritage Center Foundation will participate in the Combined Federal Campaign (CFC) to accept donations to expand the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center. The Army Heritage Center Foundation’s CFC organization reference number is 44284.

Funds collected through the CFC program to CFC # 44284 will support the Foundation’s work to promote and enhance the public facilities of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center. The Foundation is currently focused on the expansion of the Visitor and Education Center that opened in 2011.

In July, the United States Office of Personnel Management formally admitted the Foundation into the Fall 2013 Combined Federal Campaign as a member of Military Support Groups of America.  The 2013 CF campaign season marks the Foundation’s first appearance within the CFC program.

Established in 1961, the CFC is the largest and most successful annual workplace fundraising drive in the world.  Every fall, the CFC solicits donations from Federal employees on behalf of participating charities selected through a rigorous application process.  Federal employees may choose to support a charity represented by the CFC through payroll deductions beginning in January of the following year.

“In order to qualify for the CFC, participating charities must demonstrate that the services they perform impact the lives of citizens from all over the U.S. not just local or regional residents,” explained Foundation Executive Director Mike Perry.  “The Foundation has worked hard to broaden its reach and is pleased to be among the nation’s leading charities authorized to appear within the CFC brochure.  We are hopeful that many donors will value our mission and assist our efforts,” Perry continued.

About the Foundation and U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center

The Army Heritage Center Foundation works with the U.S. Army and our supporters to expand the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) campus and enhance its programs. The Foundation, which also serves as the project manager for privately funded construction projects on the campus, completed its Voices of the Past capital campaign in 2010 with the construction of the first phase of the Visitor and Education Center, a key component of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center campus. Opened to the public on May 20, 2011, the Visitor and Education Center is the focal point for the campus, containing the first large exhibit gallery, and hosting educational activities on the USAHEC Campus. In the fall of 2011, the Foundation launched its Build on Success capital campaign to build Phase Two of the Visitor and Education Center.

The Foundation’s development program seeks grants and donations to build Phase Two of the Visitor and Education Center, support construction of the Heritage Center, and create an endowment to sustain and enhance educational programs. The Foundation’s education program coordinates the National History Day in Pennsylvania competition, complements the Center’s programs and exhibits by providing teachers educational material from the USAHEC collection, and is a state approved continuing education provider. The Foundation also supports and enhances USAHEC’s public outreach by supporting marketing initiatives and serving as a public advocate of the Center’s mission and programs. Learn more about the Foundation at

USAHEC is dedicated to educating and preserving the legacy of the men and women who have served their nation as Soldiers. The Center's mission is to educate a broad audience on the heritage of the Army by acquiring, preserving, and making available historical records, materials, and artifacts. A unique Army and public asset, USAHEC is the Army’s only historical organization chartered to acquire and preserve the personal history of our Soldiers through their photos, letters, diaries, and artifacts. USAHEC staff then makes these resources available to the public through accessible archives, engaging education programs, and world-class interpretive displays. Learn more about USAHEC at

About Military Support Groups of America

Military Support Groups of America (MSGA) is a federation of America’s finest national organizations providing financial and emotional support for our Nation’s Soldiers, wounded warriors, and military families.  All MSGA agencies are screened annually to ensure that they meet the highest standards of substantive program services, management, and fiscal responsibility. 

About Combined Federal Campaign

The mission of CFC is to promote and support philanthropy through a program that is employee focused, cost-efficient, and effective in providing all federal employees the opportunity to improve the quality of life for all.  CFC is the world’s largest and most successful annual workplace charity campaign, with almost 200 CFC campaigns throughout the country and internationally raising millions of dollars each year.  Pledges made by Federal civilian, postal, and military donors during the campaign season (September 1stto December 15th) support eligible non-profit organizations that provide health and human service benefits throughout the world.

Nicole Randall, Maneuver Center of Excellence Public Affairs
Strategic Landpower must remain focus for Army

FORT BENNING, Ga. (Sept. 11, 2013) -- The commanding general of the U.S. Army's Training and Doctrine Command said he believes the Army should increase its focus on Strategic Landpower, despite the scheduled withdrawal from major operations in Afghanistan in 2014.

Gen. Robert W. Cone, who has commanded U.S. Army's Training and Doctrine Command, known as TRADOC, since April 29, 2011, made that the focus of his remarks, Sept. 10, during the opening session of the 2013 Maneuver Warfighter Conference here.

"There are times in our nation's interest where boots on the ground are absolutely essential to those outcomes," Cone said.

"We're talking principally about Strategic Landpower and the value that land power brings to the fight," he said. "There are things that we have learned that make us a more effective force on the battlefield, and I think we want to go ahead with those lessons."

A large part of the general's presentation included the benefits of using assets and information gathered about a conflict region itself, the country and its citizens in order to gain a better understanding of the country before U.S. forces engage.

"One of the big lessons we've talked about is the power of understanding foreign language, culture, network, history, those kinds of things," Cone said.

Working on strategies like regionally aligned forces will be what young Soldiers and leaders do to maintain their war time intellectual acuity and their desire to be engaged when they are back on U.S. soil, Cone said.

"Our young generation is used to solving real-world problems," Cone said. "They are not interested in coming back to a training environment that washes away all that complexity and focuses on a handful of tasks."

Speaking to an audience of past, present and future leaders about TRADOC's role in incorporating lessons learned into the training of the future, Cone explained why organizations like TRADOC need to think about the future.

The Army is focusing on more intense and strategic leadership training. This was another lesson the general touched on, as he emphasized the importance of continued leadership development and the capabilities a good leader brings to their unit.

The most important aspect on that battlefield is the leader, Cone said.

"The value of leadership and what we do can never be underestimated. We invested in leader development; we have to continue to invest in leader development," Cone said.

Additional TRADOC components of leadership development strategy include focusing on noncommissioned officer education and professionalism, reinvigorating courses and emphasizing the importance of the self-study program, Cone said.

Cone emphasized the importance of preparedness of the individual Soldier and the effect that has on the success of the overall organization.

Cone said Soldiers on the ground need to be able to use all of the organization's capabilities to meet mission requirements.

"We are the best Army in the world, and when you put people on the ground somewhere they need to be prepared."

Cone also assured the audience of senior leaders, Maneuver Captain's Career Course students, and Infantry and Armor Soldiers the lessons learned from the past 12 years at war would be incorporated into the Army's training in order to build more capable Soldiers and leaders.

"We're going to put in the proper mechanisms in our training and in our doctrine to make sure that Soldiers are prepared, should we be called to serve," Cone said.

The 2013 Maneuver Warfighter Conference continues here through Sept. 13.

Keynote speakers from across the Army are addressing the conference's theme, "Developing a Common Vision to Adapt the Maneuver Force for the Challenges of Tomorrow."

The annual conference contributes to the combat effectiveness of the Army by addressing the Maneuver Warfighter Challenges, 11 issues that focus on the MCoE's efforts to develop comprehensive solutions for future armed conflicts.

A complete schedule of events is available online at

In conjunction with the conference, defense industry contractors are showcasing their products Wednesday on York Field.   

Army War College community to celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month Sept. 15-Oct. 15

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks community will feature several special events from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15.

Each of the events are designed to highlight the contributions of Hispanic Americans to our nation and highlight different aspects of Hispanic life and culture.

Several guest speakers will share their experience with the Army War College community.

  • Maria Montero, Senior Director of PA Governor’s Advisory Commission on Latino Affairs, will speak about the Borinqueneers” History of the 65th Infantry Regiment on Wed., September 25, from 11:45 a.m. to 12:45 p.m. at Wil Washcoe Hall.






  • Sergeant Major Charles Rosado, Command Sergeant Major Carlisle Barracks, share his experiences as a servicemember on Friday, October 4, from 11:45 a.m. to 12:45 p.m. at Wil Washcoe Hall.








Post youth will have unique opportunity to get more familiar with Hispanic culture during weekly book readings at the Child Development Center. For older kids there will be number of quizzes and other events.

The celebration will close with the sounds of guitar played by Dante Sobrevilla, on Thursday, October 10, during concert at Letort View Community Center.


Ambassador Helen Reed-Rowe joins Army War College command team 

Editor’s note: This is a correction of the original article originally posted Sept. 5.

Sept. 13, 2013 -- An expert with more than 25 years of experience at the State Department, including being the first resident U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Palau, is contributing her insights to the Army War College to help guide the next generation of military, interagency and international strategic leaders.

Ambassador Helen Reed-Rowe, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service, arrived in Carlisle on July 29 as a key member of the Army War College Command Team. Before coming here, she served as the first resident U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Palau, starting in 2010.

The Republic of Palau, a presidential republic, consists of eight principal islands and more than 250 smaller ones lying roughly 500 miles southeast of the Philippines at a pivotal crossroad in the Pacific, an area near critical sea lines of communication and rich fishing grounds.  As our strategic interests and equities expand and shift more toward the Asia-Pacific region, Palau has been a strong partner and is important as the US balances its leadership, military as well as political and diplomatic, in this quickly evolving strategic environment, Reed-Rowe noted.  The United States and Palau cooperate on a broad range of issues, including strengthening regional security, promoting sustainable development and curbing climate change, and protecting fisheries and the environment.  The Compact of Free Association defines economic and defense agreements between the countries.

During the Ambassador’s time in the capital city of Koror, she worked closely with the government and the people of Palau. She traveled extensively to include all of the states within the country and expanded her outreach to women’s organizations and schools.   

“It was a remarkable tour that provided wonderful opportunities to solidify our partnership with Palau and positively impact regional issues. The Pacific Command and Department of State offered outstanding support of our Mission goals and the rotating U.S. Civic Action Teams provided exceptional project support to the host government and community," she said. "The U.S. Coast Guard responded when Search and Rescue needs surfaced and also, provided preventive training to the law enforcement community and others responsible in country for boat operations. During port of call visits in Palau by our U.S. vessels, community relations activities extended to local high school students who toured ships and received information regarding careers in the U.S. military."   

What surprises many about the small republic is that hundreds of native Palauans have served in the U.S. military, going back as far as the Vietnam War. Reed-Rowe said that one of the highlights of her time there was being able to hold town hall meetings for the large number of veterans, with military leadership coming from Veteran Affairs in Guam and Honolulu to provide support and answer questions. 

Ambassador Helen Reed-Rowe, center, the newest member of the Army War College Command Team, poses for a photo with 13 Palauans and 5 Yapese who took their oath as enlisted personnel of the United States Army during her tenure as the first resident U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Palau.

A Baltimore, Md., native, Reed-Rowe was interested in world affairs from an early age.

“I grew up in a household where we looked at the news every day,” she said. “My parents were very involved in the community and wanted us to be concerned not just with the local area, but the rest of the world. I think that had a strong influence on me.”

After completing her studies at the University of Maryland, Reed-Rowe began to look for ways to act on that influence, which later in life led her to the State Department.

In many ways, she said, her decision to join the Foreign Service had an effect on her family not unlike those made by military families.

“I realize that my family made as much of a sacrifice as I did when I decided to join the State Department,” she said. “But we also benefited greatly from the experiences.  I believe my family has been shaped by our exposure to the wonderful cultural experiences, the special relationships and the challenges of travel and life in places very different from our home base. In retrospect, all of the new things that I did because of this new exciting foreign service career were new adventures for my children, which they handled quite well. The support of my children, my mother and my brother was instrumental in me reaching the higher levels of responsibility in the diplomatic corp.”

Her time as a student at the Navy War College in 2008 proved to be a life-changing experience, she said.

“That was the first year that I actually lived with my military colleagues and by the end of that year we had truly bonded,” she said. “I believe that they better understood diplomacy and who we were in the State Department and I better understood the different services, the different military cultures and the reality of what we share in our missions to support the goals of our country.

“We are all moving forward toward the betterment of our government, we are all trying to do best what we can do to make sure we reach a joint goal for the United States of America," she said.

“For the students, both resident and distance, fellows and internationals, this educational setting provides an opportunity for an extended period to focus on examining and developing within oneself those areas that produce strategic leaders. Also, establishing a rich network of contacts and colleagues can be invaluable for future engagements."

She jumped at the opportunity to come here.

“When I saw the opportunity to come here I did not even hesitate because I already understood the jointness between diplomacy and defense, something articulate by the highest levels within our agencies,” she said. “I am optimistic about my time at The War College and in Carlisle which is quite a beautiful and historic location. I also have an opportunity to work with my military colleagues, the interagency and of course, our international officers.  And I look forward to meeting with Family members, visiting guests and others to share opportunities available from the Department of State.” 

While her role has not been specifically defined, she looks forward to working with Maj. Gen. Cucolo and his team to achieve the goals of the U.S. Army War College, she said.

Reed-Rowe has served as a Senior Advisor to the Office of Performance Evaluation in the Department of State and as a Foreign Affairs Advisor from the Department of State to the Avian Influenza Action Group. Her Washington assignments include management positions in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs and the Overseas Building Operations.

Reed-Rowe has served as a Desk Officer in the Bureau of African Affairs and an Examiner on the Board of Examiners in the Bureau of Human Resources. She served a one year assignment on Capitol Hill as a Pearson Fellow. Her overseas assignments include Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands and supervisory management positions in U.S. Embassies Jamaica, Ecuador and Niger. She is the mother of two children (Nikkia T. Rowe and Kevin A. Rowe) who traveled with her during her earlier overseas foreign service assignments.

Recognize signs of suicide to save a life

The best way to help prevent suicidal behavior is to pay attention to your loved ones, battle buddies, friends and coworkers and watch for changes in their behavior. If you suspect someone you care for, or who you are responsible for, is at risk for suicide, call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) for the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. Your actions could save a life.


ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. -- "What? Are you serious? So-and-so tried to kill himself?"

Unfortunately, at some time in your life, you may have heard these questions spoken in your circle of friends. Suicide is real. Most of us know someone whose life has been affected by suicidal behavior (a completed suicide or a suicide attempt), and the pain and stress of the suicidal behavior spreads like a ripple to family, battle buddies, friends and co-workers. All of those individuals--including you--who could be impacted by suicidal behavior can help to recognize risk factors and stressors and act to increase the chances of saving a life.

There is not one single factor or set of factors that indicate a person is thinking about suicide. Sometimes, we can look back at an incident of suicidal behavior and say, "Wow, we should've seen that coming," but other times, the behavior seems to happen out-of-the-blue. Noticing the signs and risk factors of suicidal behavior is not always easy. Risk factors for suicide vary from person to person and change over time in the same person. An individual can have one or multiple risk factors contributing to a suicidal behavior. Some of these risk factors include:

1. Relationship Problems

If someone has an argument with his significant other, it does not necessarily mean that he is going to hurt himself. However, relationship problems such as the death of a loved one or friend, break-ups and divorces are very stressful and can be associated with suicidal behavior.

2. Substance Use and Abuse

Alcohol and drugs are often abused in a misguided attempt to help cope with life stress. A sudden increase in substance use can signal a problem. Drug and alcohol use can increase the likelihood of risky behaviors, such as being careless or impulsive with weapons, which are associated with completed suicides.

3. Life Stressors

Getting in trouble on the job, having civilian or military legal problems, and dealing with money issues or health problems are both mentally and physically exhausting. Difficulty sleeping can add to the stress. Life stressors alone or coupled with other risk factors can lead to suicidal behaviors.

4. Behavioral Health Issues

Stress can lead to behavioral health problems such as depression, anxiety and adjustment issues. For some individuals, a terrifying event may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder, known as PTSD. Individuals who are feeling depressed or anxious might withdraw from social support, making it more difficult for them to deal with everyday stress. When a person is alone, he may begin to isolate from people making it more difficult for family, battle buddies, friends and coworkers to see that he or she is struggling. Without support from people who care, individuals can feel hopeless about the future and may not ask for help.

Having one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean that a person is going to hurt himself. However, the risk factors described above have been shown to be associated with suicidal behavior. If we can all look for those factors and talk to the individual experiencing those stressors about how he is doing, together we can make a difference and improve the health and well-being of our family members, battle buddies, friends and co-workers.

Counselors treat thousands of people for relationship problems, substance abuse, depression, PTSD and stress each year. Trained therapists are available at behavioral health clinics on post, in the civilian community and in Veterans Administration clinics.

The best way to help prevent suicidal behavior is to pay attention to your loved ones, battle buddies, friends and coworkers and watch for changes in their behavior. Reach out to someone you trust in your organization or in your personal life. Remember ACE: Ask, Care, Escort. If you see changes, or if something just seems "off," say something, ask him or her if he or she is thinking about hurting himself. Show him or her that you care. Take him or her to get help.

Call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) for the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. Your actions could save a life.   

Sustaining drumbeat of 'Ready and Resilient' force through awareness, action

FALLS CHURCH, Va., (Sept. 10, 2013) -- September is Suicide Prevention Month and the Department of the Army joins our nation and the world in observing National Suicide Prevention Week, Sept. 8-14, 2013, in the U.S. and the World Health Organization's World Suicide Prevention Day, Sept. 10, as part of efforts to promote awareness about suicide and empower individuals and communities to intervene and save lives by understanding the risk factors, warning signs, protective measures, and to take appropriate intervention actions when needed.

The Army's leadership role in the fight to prevent suicide is to increase awareness of the Army's suicide prevention resources, and continued efforts to educate, empower, and equip Soldiers, families and Department of the Army Civilians to seek help for life stressors and intervene to aid others who display at-risk behaviors.

The end state is a more informed and resilient Army family and a climate where Soldiers, families, and civilians seek help when needed and are empowered to intervene and act to save lives.

"We call on each of you to act, know your Soldier, and know the existing prevention resources," said Lt. Gen. Patricia D. Horoho, Army surgeon general and commander of the U.S. Army Medical Command. "These tools are key to self care and sustainment of our Army family."

In March 2009, in response to a growing number of Army suicides, the vice chief of staff of the Army released the Army Campaign Plan for Health Promotion, Risk Reduction and Suicide Prevention, and chartered the Army Suicide Prevention Task Force and the Army Suicide Prevention Council. Since that time, the Army has invested tremendous effort in investigating the causes of suicide within its ranks and in implementing policies and programs whose sole purpose is to promote resilience, prevent suicides, and enhance the readiness of the force. One such program is the Performance Triad, which focuses on monitoring one's activity, nutrition and sleep as a means of fortifying Soldiers' readiness and resilience.

In 2012, the Army doubled its efforts towards reducing the stigma associated with seeking behavioral healthcare. To address this tragic problem, the Army has instituted a multi-disciplinary, holistic approach to health promotion, risk reduction, and suicide prevention that addresses the many challenges our Soldiers, families, and Army civilians face.

"From our individual Soldiers and civilians to our units and families, we must be committed to investing in building enduring strength in a holistic way," said John M. McHugh, secretary of the Army.

On Sept. 27, 2012, the U.S. Army conducted phase one (awareness and education) of an Army-wide suicide prevention stand down to empower leaders, Soldiers, families and civilians. During phase one, leaders conducted discussions with Soldiers and used the Leader Risk Reduction Tool (specifically developed for this purpose), conducted community and family-oriented events, and identified local programs, and resiliency training. The resources developed and utilized during the stand down are housed on the website of the Army Human Resources Group (Army G-1). The following day, phase two of the stand down began and continues today. Phase two (training and sustainment) will continue indefinitely.

Suicide prevention continues to be one of the most pressing 'Health of the Force' issues. Army leaders are committed to maintaining a supportive environment that improves the physical, emotional, and psychological resiliency of our Soldiers, families, civilians and individual/unit readiness. With the implementation of the 2020 Army Strategy for Suicide Prevention, the Army will attempt to shift its culture by increasing the emphasis on leader involvement to protect and promote life.

Army regulations governing health promotion, risk reduction, and suicide prevention describe suicide prevention as a continuum of awareness, intervention, and "postvention" [sic] to help save lives. Ultimately, the goal of prevention is to develop healthy, resilient Soldiers to the point where suicide is not an option.

The Ready and Resilient Campaign exemplifies the Army's collaborative, holistic approach, which tailors suicide intervention, prevention, and response measures to ensure Soldier resilience. As a comprehensive plan addressing the immediate and enduring needs of the total Army -- active duty, Reserve, and National Guard Soldiers, their families, and Department of Army Civilians, this campaign synchronizes and integrates key Army programs that focus on building resilience, reinforcing prevention, and supporting the reduction of suicide and suicidal ideation, sexual harassment and sexual assault, bullying and hazing, substance abuse, domestic violence; and stigma associated with seeking help.

Suicide is a multi-faceted problem that requires an equally sophisticated response. Life stressors including behavioral health issues, relationship difficulties, physical illness, and financial and legal problems can all weigh heavily on an individual, engendering feelings of burdensomeness and hopelessness. As these difficulties and feelings, real and/or perceived multiply within an individual, suicide can become an increasingly viable solution -- a permanent solution for a temporary problem.

"Each suicide is a tragic loss for the Army family and America," said Horoho. "As leaders it is our responsibility to end hazing, harassment, discrimination, and any behavior that runs counter to Army values. Empower those you lead to always intervene and act to save lives."

For more than a decade, Army leadership has been up front in the creation and establishment of suicide prevention policy and innovative initiatives to bridge available resources with current needs. Over the past several years there has been a decrease in the percentage of Soldiers that hold views that bar them from seeking help. At the same time, the number of Soldiers who are using treatment programs such as behavioral health and substance abuse has steadily increased which indicates Soldiers are overcoming those stigma barriers. It will take time to change this culture, but through actions and example, Army leaders are beginning that transformation.

Defeating suicide will take active involvement from everyone. People can get involved and engage those struggling with setbacks and challenges.

For more information on the Army Suicide Prevention Program and a list of resources:

For current and historical information on Army partnerships and program initiatives to prevent suicide, access the 2020 Army Strategy for Suicide Prevention:

For assistance, Soldiers and family members can contact The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, 1-800-273-TALK (8255) and Military Crisis Line, 1-800-273-8255.   

War College community remembers sacrifice, courage of 9/11

Command Sgt. Maj. Malcolm Parrish recognized graduates who lost their lives on 9/11 and in the weeks and months after the terrorist attack during a roll call. A video of the ceremony can be found at

More photos can be found at


Pa. Rep. Stephen Bloom joined his neighbors, the men and women of the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks, to characterize the somber ceremony for an unwanted anniversary as a time to honor and remember those good and brave men and women who stood first to heroically confront the evil of that day with their very lives.

 “Many other heroes followed in their courageous footsteps in the weeks and months and seasons that lead us here, 12 years on, to a day upon which the memories of September 11, 2001, still burn in our hearts and minds, only sharpened and magnified in the blaze of their willing sacrifices,” he said.

Bloom recalled his personal experience on that September day when he arrived at his children’s school and locked eyes with a fellow parent: mother of his daughters’ friend, and wife of a colonel at the War College.

 “In her eyes, I saw not worry, but an intense understanding that duty was calling her family and nothing would be the same,” he said. “In her eyes, I saw not fear, but determined courage in the face of looming danger. In her eyes, I saw not rage, but measured resolve that justice would be done. In her eyes, I saw not arrogance, but assured confidence.

 “And, in her eyes, I saw not naiveté, but full comprehension of the inevitable sacrifices to come.”

“Now, more than a decade later, my duties as a state representative these last few years have helped me see a little deeper behind the eyes of that colonel’s wife – the realities she knew then. While her husband was spared, too many would not be.

“I’ve looked into the eyes of moms whose sons didn’t make it home alive, the ones who gave all because of September 11, 2001, like the heroes we’re honoring today. And I’m a little closer to understanding what you who serve already know too well.” 

These words by Pennsylvania Rep. Stephen Bloom echoed across Carlisle Barracks as The War College Community reserved moments today to remember the events of Sept. 11, 2001, and honor the sacrifice and courage of those killed that day and acknowledge the profound effects it had on all of those gathered.

Pa. State Rep. Steven Bloom shared his own experience from Sept. 11, 2001 and thanked the servicemembers and their Families for their dedication and sacrifices.


The ceremony’s roll call commemorated the 9/11-related deaths of graduates. War College Command Sgt. Maj. Malcolm Parrish called these names – Lieutenant General Timothy J. Maude …  Colonel Canfield D. Boone …  Colonel Richard C. Rescorla …  Sri Lanka’s Lieutenant General Parami Kulatunga -- and met with silence, until First Sgt. Sabrina Washington responded across the gathering:  “They are no longer with us.”

A member of the class of 1990, Maude was serving as the Army’s Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel when killed in the Pentagon attack as was 2002 graduate Boone who served on the same staff, working as the Army Guard’s personnel policy integrator.  Rescorla was a Vietnam veteran and member of the class of 1988; he died trying to save lives in the World Trade Center that day. Kulatunga died at the hands of terrorists in years to follow.

“We can all name names, even close our eyes and see the faces of the fallen we know,” said Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, War College Commandant. “In remembering these fallen, we should find honor, energy and motivation to deal with the complexities we face today.”

Cucolo spoke directly to his students, senior military and international officers and civilians whose lives and careers were irrevocably changed on that day.  “One thing has not changed since our youth:  we take great pride in our role and find incredible energy in knowing what we do has a direct impact on the survival of our nation and the protection of her citizens.”

The destroyed Pentagon office of Melinda Busansky, a Marine Corps Civilian and current War College student.


One of those students, Melinda Busansky, a Marine Corps Civilian, worked in Pentagon offices destroyed on Sept. 11. She was intimately involved in immediate-response events after the attack, including supporting first responders working recovery. She later served on the team charged to rebuild the damaged spaces.  

“It was a daunting task,” she said in a later interview, about the goal to have the repairs complete and everyone back in the Pentagon by the one-year anniversary of the attacks.  She met with architects and construction managers, technology experts and more to make sure they met the deadline. “My office, part of the Chief of Naval Operations, was the final office to move back in, two nights before the anniversary,” she said.

There’s a crystal ship that graced her shelves before the Pentagon attack, and apparently disappeared into the rubble. Years later, though, the ship is chipped but proudly displayed in her office – a physical reminder that the Pentagon and the nation may have been bruised but have been restored.

“This event changed our environment and triggered the operations that many of us have been intimately involved in over the past twelve years,” she said, noting her gratitude for her colleagues’ service.  “As we end these operations, we must not forget the events of that day, the friends and family we lost then or during the years that followed.”










If you can't make it to Bliss Hall for the special faculty experts panel on Syria and US options -- you can watch live online and email questions to the experts.



WHEN:  Wednesday, Sep. 11 from 1 to 2:30 p.m in Bliss Hall, Carlisle Barracks.

Faculty experts on Syria, the region, and U.S. strategic  processes will explore the complexities, the options, and the way forward for U.S. decision-making about Syria -- in a special Army War College panel discussion open to the public.

Dr. Larry Goodson, regional expert, will address the policy challenge posed by Syria.

Dr. W. Andrew Terrill, regional expert, will discuss the internal dynamics of Syria.

Dr. Richard Winslow, regional expert, will review the regional effects of the Syrian civil war.

Dr. Christopher Bolan, Ph.D., former national security advisor to the vice presidents of two administrations, will discuss U.s. strategy toward Syria.

Parking will be available adjacent to, and next to, the fire station on post.

Family fun to be had at ‘Air Ship Wreck’ Sept. 27

This year’s ‘Air Ship Wreck’ is a fun, family-friendly celebration of the creation of the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy, with team-building opportunities for the entire Army War College family. Starting after 4:30 Retreat on Friday, Sep. 27, the events on Indian Field will include a competitive scavenger hunt and food. The Air Ship Wreck planners invite teams other than the War College seminars to participate. Awards are scheduled for 7 p.m.

Unified Quest 2013: Deep Future Wargame

What is it?

The Army's Campaign of Learning 2013, led by U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, is exploring the deep future in the 2030-2040 timeframe during the Unified Quest 2013 Deep Future Wargame at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., Sept. 15 - 20. The seminar wargame consists of two working groups generating ideas that will drive concepts development and explore potential capabilities.

What has the Army done?

The Deep Future Wargame (DFWG) is the culminating event in the fiscal year 2013 Army Campaign of Learning "Explore" effort. For the past 12 years, the Army has focused on meeting current and near-term challenges, and this wargame marks a return to "beyond the program objective memorandum" futures exploration. The DFWG has a particular focus on cyber and space capabilities from 2030 to 2040, as well as potential weapons systems and technological materiel solutions, selected based on technology readiness levels and Army centers of excellence feedback.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

The insights and outcomes from the UQ13 Deep Future Wargame will inform the concept development process. Through the wargame, subject matter experts will explore future tactical, operational and strategic capabilities in a plausible future operational environment of 2030 to 2040. The experts will also explore global responsiveness of the force to future conflicts or crises and determine future investments in science and technology, institutional education, and training.

Why is this important to the Army?

The Army's Campaign of Learning helps senior leaders not only focus efforts toward the current national security strategy without losing the knowledge and skills gained from more than 10 years of war, but it also helps them look toward the future. Through the Campaign of Learning, the Army will be able to achieve both these objectives by identifying capabilities needed as part of the joint force, to protect U.S. national interests and achieve strategic objectives in 2020 and beyond.

Resilience, seeking help to prevent suicide is 'sign of strength'

IMCOM's Suicide Prevention PSA:

LTG Ferriter Suicide Prevention PSA:

CSM Rice Suicide Prevention PSA:


WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Sept. 6, 2013) -- A Soldier who is at-risk for suicide and seeks help is showing great strength, said the director of the Army Suicide Prevention Program.

With September as National Suicide Prevention Month, the Army is highlighting efforts to prevent suicide, while underscoring that prevention is a 24/7, year-round campaign.

Suicide in the Army is a tragedy that affects everyone, said Gabriele Tyler, the director of the Army Suicide Prevention Program.

It is the responsibility of all members to take steps to prevent it, she said.

Building resilience in Soldiers and creating strong relationships from the top down are important aspects in creating safe environments, said Tyler.

"Resilience and seeking assistance is a sign of strength, and supporting those in need of help is an Army value," she said.

With strong relationships, members are more able to pick up on warning signs in others or seek help for themselves, she said.

"Suicides are preventable. Any loss suffered within the Army team is tragic and it affects readiness," she said. "Every member of the Army community has a role in creating a climate and environment of trust and mutual respect."

The Army Suicide Prevention Program is part of the Army's Ready and Resilient Campaign, or R2C, which integrates and synchronizes key Army programs to build resiliency and prevent incidents of suicide, sexual harassment, sexual assault, and substance abuse, while reducing any stigma associated with seeking help.

"Resilience is key, and relationships are the gateway to ensuring the required help is received," Tyler said. "The more that we know about each other, the better we are equipped to handle a colleague's or a friend's or a battle buddy's call for help."

Tyler said National Suicide Prevention Month is a good time for all Soldiers to assess the stresses in their lives, such as financial or other personal problems, and get help to address those issues and mitigate the risk of suicide.

The Army has said trends show that most of its suicides are the result of financial or relationship issues, often exacerbated by drug and alcohol use.

National Suicide Prevention Month is also an opportunity for leaders to conduct training and team-building exercises to promote wellness and mental and physical fitness, said Tyler.

Leaders can also use this time, she said, to make sure they and their entire command are familiar with all the support networks and resources available.

The Army is addressing the culture in which at-risk people may not want to seek help, for fear, in their minds, of looking weak.

"The Army recognizes that we focus on being tough and self-reliant, and this can create a barrier to help-seeking behavior," Tyler said.

"Institutional changes can happen immediately, but cultural changes take a little longer to materialize because there are many factors that shape our perceptions, so it's an ongoing process," she said.

If someone is suicidal, Tyler said, that person should know that help is available to them at any time of day, and they are urged to immediately seek help. If someone suspects a person is suicidal, it is important that the at-risk person not be left alone and that help is immediately sought.

The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255), is available anytime, 24 hours a day, all year. Callers can press 1 for the Military Crisis Line.   

War College introduces Landpower app

The Landpower App is an at-your-fingertips reference guide for busy national security professionals – linking users via any smart phone or mobile device to a menu of current articles and research papers relevant to the global application of Landpower.

The app introduces the user to many voices and varied concepts of Landpower as a necessary element of national security. Careful consideration of competing concepts is important: people live on land, governments legislate from land and, ultimately the will of others is engaged and changed on land. The discussion of Landpower – facilitated by the Landpower App – is critical to the future success of our military and the security of the United States of America.

Message from Secretary Hagel on Suicide Prevention Month

The Department of Defense has no more important responsibility than supporting and protecting those who defend our country and that means we must do everything possible to prevent military suicide. As we observe Suicide Prevention Month, the entire DoD community ? Service members, civilians, members of our families and leaders at every level ? must demonstrate our collective resolve to prevent suicide, to promote greater knowledge of its causes and to encourage those in need to seek support. No one who serves this country in uniform should ever feel they have nowhere to turn.

The Department of Defense has invested more than $100 million into research on the diagnosis and treatment of depression, bipolar disorder and substance abuse, as well as interventions for relationship, financial and legal issues ? all of which can be associated with suicide. We are working to reduce drug and alcohol abuse and we are steadily increasing the number of mental health professionals and peer support counselors. Effective suicide prevention training is critical to all these efforts and we are instructing our leaders on how to recognize the signs and symptoms of crisis and encourage service members to seek support. We are also reaching out to military families and the broader community to enlist their support in this cause.

Seeking behavioral health care is a choice that embodies moral courage, honor and integrity. Those values are at the foundation of what that we stand for and what we defend. The Military Crisis Line is there for all who need it. I encourage anyone in need to call 1-800-273-8255 and press one to speak to a trained professional, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. This service is confidential and available to all service members and their families.

Always remember that our most valuable resource is each other. When one of us faces a challenge, we all must stand together. By fighting as one team, we can ? and we will ? help prevent suicide. Thank you.

Pulitzer Prize-winning author Rick Atkinson to speak about WWII Soldiers in northern Europe, 1944-45

Best-selling author/ historian Rick Atkinson will speak at a free, public presentation outlining the powerful Soldiers' stories of the World War II actions in northern Europe, bringing focus to the realities of the true costs of the bloodiest war in history.

Atkinson was honored with a Pulitzer Prize for the first book in his WWII Liberation Trilogy. Now, he returns to the Army Heritage and Education Center, the source of much of his research, to share insights from the third, recent publication of the trilogy, The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945. The first event of the 2013-14 Perspectives In Military History Lecture Series, sponsored by the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, Atkinson's presentation is scheduled to take place in the Army War College's Bliss Hall, on the main post, Wednesday, September 11, at 7:15 p.m. A free bus will shuttle all guests from the Army Heritage and Education Center's free parking lot (at 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle 17013) to Bliss Hall between 6:30 and 7 p.m. and will return attendees to their vehicles after the lecture.

Following the invasions of North Africa, Sicily, and Italy during World War II, the Allied forces set their sights on the main source of trouble, Nazi-held Europe. On June 6, 1944, the Allied coalition assaulted fortress Europe with a bloody and costly invasion of Normandy, France. The Allies, led by the United States Army, took their first step towards ultimate victory, but many more battles, such as Operation Market Garden and the Battle of the Bulge, continued to claim lives and resources. In The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945, Mr. Atkinson gives new life to the struggle of a generation by using the perspectives of all those involved, from veteran generals to inexperienced privates in the field, fundamentally explaining the true cost of Europe’s liberation.

Books by Rick Atkinson

The Liberation Trilogy:

Other Books:

Rick Atkinson is the bestselling author of six works of narrative military history, above. He received his B.A. in English from East Carolina University and went on to obtain an M.A. in English Language and Literature from the University of Chicago. In addition to his books, he was a reporter, foreign correspondent, war correspondent, and senior editor at The Washington Post for more than 20 years. He has been honored with Pulitzer Prizes, the George Polk Award and the Pitzker Memorial Library Literature Award for Lifetime Achievement in Military Writing.

For more information and a complete schedule of USAHEC events, visit or call 717.245.3972.

Russell Strand to speak at War College Sept. 24 in public session

Eradicating sexual harassment and assault is something Gen. Odierno, the chief of staff of the Army has said is the number one mission for the Army. Russell Strand is leading the charge by training Soldiers, civilians, and some of the most senior officers in the Army, including during a series of talks Sept. 24 at the Army War College.

Army War College students, staff, Family members and the Carlisle community will hear presentations from retired Army Criminal Investigation Command special agent Russell Strand on sexual assault and harassment awareness training Sept. 24.

Strand, chief of the U.S. Army Military Police School Behavioral Sciences Education and Training Division, has more than 30 years of law enforcement, investigative and consultation experience. His expertise and training includes domestic violence intervention, critical incident peer support and sexual assault, trafficking in persons and child abuse investigations.

Strand will speak to first responders during a morning session, then address the War College Class in the afternoon. A session for Family members and the general public will be held at the Army Heritage and Education Center at 7 p.m.

Strand will discuss the senior leader role in promoting and advocating culture change in organizations in order to prevent sexual harassment and assault as well as prosecute offenders. The event is part of the Carlisle Barracks program on the prevention of sexual harassment and sexual assault, part of the larger Army focus on the issue. 

Strand is no stranger to the war against sexual assault. As a recognized Department of Defense and international subject matter expert in the field of domestic violence intervention, critical incident peer support, sexual assault, trafficking in persons and child abuse investigations, he brings to the fight more than 36 years of law enforcement, investigative, and consultation experience.

Having established, developed, produced, and conducted the U.S. Army Domestic Violence Intervention Training and Child Abuse Prevention and Investigation Techniques courses currently used by the Department of the Army to train CID Special Agents, he also supervised the development of the Critical Incident Peer Support course.

Strand also developed and implemented the DOD Special Victims Unit, or SVU, course and responded to the mass shooting at Fort Hood, Texas, to provide critical incident and trauma victim interview support. On Nov. 5, 2009, 13 people were killed and 29 wounded in what was the worst mass shooting to ever take place at an Army installation.

Strand appears as an expert consultant in the documentary, "The Invisible War" and recently spoke to the senior Army leaders at the June 2013 Sexual Harassment and Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) Summit.

In 2012, he received the Visionary Award for his part in the increased public awareness and improved criminal response within the military community. This is awarded by the End Violence Against Women International.