Banner Archive for August 2015

Army Center for Substance Abuse Program
Tips for a safe Labor Day weekend

The summer season is coming to an end and we are gearing up for that last big celebration or picnic. Everyone needs to relax, unwind and say good-bye to summer. Many of us will share this time with our families or close friends. It is up to us to enjoy this weekend in a responsible, safe way.

Every year, hundreds of families are faced with the devastating consequences of someone driving after consuming too much alcohol. The following information offers suggestions on how to have a safe Labor Day Weekend.

Remember “It’s Always OK NOT To Drink”.

Safe picnic/party planning

When throwing a picnic/party, it is important to remember that you have a responsibility to your guests that they all have a safe afternoon or evening at your party.

If alcohol is being served it is important to always offer your guests non-alcoholic beverages and food. You should also have activities such as dancing or games so as to not make alcohol the main-focus of the event. By offering your guests other activities, you are encouraging them to spend their time socializing instead of drinking.

As host of the party, be prepared to help identify safe and sober transportation for all of your guests. This can be accomplished by identifying a safe-ride program in your area, providing your guests with the telephone number for a local taxi company or simply offering all of your guests a good nights sleep in your home.

Ensuring a safe and sober ride home for all your guests is the easiest way to ensure a safe holiday event.

How to have a safe Labor Day event

Always know who is driving – Make sure the designated drivers have plenty of non-alcoholic drinks.

Serve food – Especially foods such as cheese, nuts, and meat as these foods help slow the body’s alcohol absorption rate.

Obey the law – ID anyone you may not know at your party. Never serve anyone who is under 21 or is already intoxicated.

Focus on fun – Have games, music, entertainment or other activities to shift the emphasis from drinking to socializing.

Know what to look for – Signs of impairment can include lack of coordination, aggressive behavior, very talkative, very indifferent, slurred speech and incoherent speech.

Offer Safe-Rides – Whether it is providing taxi company numbers or having a designated driver available, make sure no one leaves the party to drive impaired.

How to be safe at a Labor Day event

Decide beforehand who will be the designated driver. Make a pact with your friends that someone will call the Police. While this may be hard to do, it will help deter anyone from leaving the party drunk.

Leave Early – Statistics show that the highest percentage of drunk drivers, are on the road between 12:30 and 3:00 AM.

Be extremely cautious and observant when driving, even if it is early.

Remember that many people begin drinking early at office holiday celebrations.

If you have too much to drink and/or do not feel comfortable with your designated driver, call a taxi or ask the host to help you identify a safe, sober ride home.

Designated driver program

A designated driver is a person in a group of two or more drinking age adults who agrees not to drink any alcoholic beverages and to safely transport the other group members home.

If it is a large group, more than one Designated Driver may be needed.

Designated Drivers should not drink any alcoholic beverages and are therefore never the person least drunk.

Designated Drivers are also important if someone is taking medication that makes them drowsy or otherwise impaired.

When you use the Designated Driver Program, this does not mean that you should drink beyond control, you too need to be responsible.

Tips for celebrating safely – if you choose to drink

1. Eat before and during drinking.

2. Before you celebrate, designate; identify a responsible driver or use public transportation.

3. Don’t chug your drinks; drink slowly and make your drinks last.

4. Alternate between alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.

5. Remember the word HALT, don’t drink if you’re Hungry, Angry, Lonely, or


6. Drink responsibly, stay in control of your-self.

7. Remember, it’s ALWAYS ok NOT to drink.

FACT – the loss of lives to impaired driving is completely preventable. There are alternatives.

For additional information contact the ASAP office at 245-4576.

I have three priorities:

39th Chief of Staff of the Army
Initial Message to the Army
 We have the most skilled, ethical, and combat hardened Army in our Nation's history.  No matter where we are around the world, America's Soldiers are displaying courage, commitment and character.  We are demonstrating unparalleled competence and agility.  And no matter the challenge, no matter how complex the environment, or how dangerous the situation, our Soldiers fight and win.
I am honored to lead this remarkable team.
I have three priorities:
#1.  Readiness: (Current Fight) Our fundamental task is like no other - it is to win in the unforgiving crucible of ground combat.  We must ensure the Army remains ready as the world's premier combat force.  Readiness for ground combat is - and will remain - the U.S. Army's #1 priority.  We will always be ready to fight today, and we will always prepare to fight tomorrow.  Our most valued assets, indeed, the Nation's most valued assets, are our Soldiers and our solemn commitment must always be to never send them into harm's way untrained, poorly led, undermanned, or with less than the best equipment we can provide.  Readiness is #1, and there is no other #1.
#2.  Future Army: (Future Fight) We will do what it takes to build an agile, adaptive Army of the future.  We need to listen and learn - first from the Army itself, from other services, from our interagency partners, but also from the private sector, and even from our critics.  Developing a lethal, professional and technically competent force requires an openness to new ideas and new ways of doing things in an increasingly complex world.  We will change and adapt.
 #3.  Take Care of the Troops: (Always) Every day we must keep foremost in our minds our Soldiers, Civilians, and their Families.  Our collective strength depends on our people - their mental and physical resilience is at our core.  We must always treat each other with respect and lead with integrity.  Our Soldiers are the crown jewels of the Nation; we must love them, protect them, and always keep faith with them. 

I am honored and proud to serve with you.  Thank you for your service and commitment to a cause larger than yourselves.

General, United States Army
39th Chief of Staff of the Army

David Vergun,
Army War College adds Gulf War case study to curriculum

CARLISLE, Pa. (Army News Service, Aug. 25, 2015) -- When classes began Aug. 17, the U.S. Army War College, or USAWC, introduced a new seven-day introduction to strategic studies course, which includes a four-day Gulf War case study.

The idea for an introductory course and Gulf War case study came about as a way to capture key themes of the curriculum up front and help orient students, many of whom are non-Army and not part of the U.S. military, said Dr. Richard Lacquement, dean of the USAWC School of Strategic Landpower.

Dr. Richard A. Lacquement Jr. Dean, School of Strategic Landpower, U.S. Army War College

Per joint guidelines, no more than 60 percent of the student body can be Army lieutenant colonels and colonels. The rest are equivalent ranks from the other services, as well as interagency partner personnel, such as the Department of State, and foreign military officers, he said. The same 60 percent holds for the uniformed faculty who provide joint education.

Teaching for the resident program is carried out by faculty in three departments: national security and strategy; military strategy, planning and operations; and command leadership and management, Lacquement said. Themes from all three departments are included in the new introductory course.

The rest of the resident curriculum remains the same, he said, adding that the introductory course replaced an elective, so the length of the 10-month graduate-level resident course remains the same.

After the core courses, students will be surveyed and results of the oral comprehensive exams will be analyzed to determine what, if any, impact the intro course has had, and a determination will be made whether or not to continue with the course, Lacquement said.

By the time students enter USAWC, they will have commanded a battalion or have had an important leadership responsibility, he said. They're at the top of their game.

The War College takes students beyond tactical command and other warfighting responsibilities they learned and got really good at in the company and field grades, he said. Now, it's about educating and developing adaptive senior leaders for a complex world in which they'll be working with joint, multinational, and interagency partners at the corps level and higher.

PERSIAN GULF WARThe Gulf War was chosen because it illustrates elements that are of persistent interest today, such as instruments of power that include diplomacy, information, military and economic, Lacquement said. Students learn how to make the connection between strategy and policy.

Col. Bob Forsten makes a point while attending the U.S. Army War College's new seven-day introduction to strategic studies course, which includes a four-day Gulf War study. The new curriculum was implemented in August 2015. (photo: David Vergun)

The 1990-91 Gulf War (Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm) is interesting because the military and the nation were in transition periods as they are today, he said. The Cold War with the Soviet Union was nearly at an end, the Army was beginning a drawdown, and Vietnam-era weaponry was being replaced by Apache and Black Hawk helicopters, Patriot missiles, Abrams tanks and Bradleys. The use of GPS, night vision and improvements in communications was beginning.

The U.S. military approach to combat operations was also changing, he said. The services were conducting operations under a single combatant commander, in the wake of the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Act that strengthened joint integration with more prominent roles for the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the geographic combatant commanders.

On the policy front, the United States was working a strong international diplomacy angle with the Soviets and Middle East nations. At home, Congress was also involved in authorizing a resolution for the use of force.

These are issues resonant today, he said: multinational and interagency partnerships, diplomacy, drawdown and new types of weaponry.


During the Gulf War case study, the instructor asked questions and let the students posit opinions and interact with each other. They read and prepared for the discussion on their own outside of the classroom.

For example, the students discussed U.S. Central Command Commander Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf's frustration with what he regarded as the slow movement of VII Corps, led by Lt. Gen. Frederick Franks, Jr. in the attack on the Republican Guard.

Discussions went back and forth. Some said Franks was being prudent in massing his forces, not running too far ahead of his logistics tail in the absence of good military intelligence. Others thought his risk-averse personality may have affected his decision-making as a commander.

Another topic dealt with the buildup of forces during Desert Shield in 1990, and how vulnerable the U.S. ground forces were during that period. Had the Iraqis moved south then, the only U.S. force that came fully equipped and ready was the Navy-Marine team. Without the Army's capabilities, however, the relatively smaller amphibious force would not have been able to sustain itself for long.

This led to the discussion about how all of the services bring unique and important capabilities to the battlefield. Today, a student noted, one would be hard-pressed to find a strategist, who thinks airpower alone could win the war. But, then, such advocates still existed.

Numerous other topics were discussed as well.


While it is too early to get feedback on the entirety of the Army War College from the students, some offered their thoughts.

Sonya Tsiros, a career foreign service officer with the Department of State, has worked with Soldiers in several assignments, and in Afghanistan as a member of a provincial reconstruction team.

The War College is important because it addresses the interagency role in military operations, she said.

Navy Cmdr. Tara Hodge, a supply corps officer, said she hasn't had as much inter-service experience as she would have liked and welcomed being at the USAWC. It's interesting to get others' perspectives, she said.

Col. Nicholas Lancaster, a staff judge advocate, said in his normal job he's focused on the task at hand and doesn't have the luxury of studying and collaborating with folks from outside the Army. He thinks that getting fresh and unique perspectives will broaden his outlook.

Lt. Col. Jason Wolter said he watched Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm unfold from the barracks at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, where he was a cadet. The thought at the time, he said, was that the war would be protracted and perhaps his class would graduate early so he'd be able to participate in the campaign.

At the time, he and the other cadets experienced a "youthful" mix of anxiety and enthusiasm, hoping to participate, yet realizing the danger, he said.

Nearly all of the students were not yet in uniform during the war. But a few were, including Col. Guy Hasson, a brigade commander with the Israeli Defense Forces, who joined in 1990. He said he remembers civilians preparing for the war, with the understanding that the Iraqis might attack Israel with chemical or biological weapons.

There was a lot of uncertainty in Israel about whether the nation would counterattack if attacked by Iraq, Hasson said. The United States thought if Israel responded with combat operations, it might result in the fracturing of the Arab coalition that had been formed.

Lt. Col. George Hammar was a private during the time of the Gulf War, stationed in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, working in communications. He said he was a "wire dog," running a lot of phone lines, none of which the Army uses today. Communications today is a lot more complex, he said.

Studying the Gulf War gives students the opportunity to compare and contrast the military then and now, and learn, Hammar said. The Gulf War was really the last time divisions and corps deployed in the manner they did and this could be relevant for the future.


The USAWC resident class of 2016 totals 381 students, of which 219 are Army, 26 Air Force, 16 Marines, 11 Navy, one Coast Guard, 79 international fellows and 29 civilians. Among the civilians are members of the U.S. military services, U.S. Agency for International Development and the departments of State and Homeland Security.

The six courses after the new introduction to strategic studies course are the traditional ones still offered: strategic leadership, theory of war and strategy, national security policy and strategy, theater strategy and campaigning, regional studies program and defense management. There are still electives as well.

Upon completion of AWC, graduates are awarded a master's degree in strategic studies.

Honoring Women's Equality Day

Women's Equality Day at the US Army Heritage & Education Center, 10 am – 3 pm today -- free & open to public -- women's contributions to the Army, looking back through military history with a special display to commemorate Women’s Equality Day.

This event will examine three distinct periods of history in which women contributed significantly towards war efforts. Displays featuring uniforms and equipment from the eras of World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War will be accompanied by living historians representing the WWI-era Salvation Army “Donut Girl,” a member of the WWII Women’s Army Corps (WAC), and a Vietnam War nurse.











For more information about this and all other events, please visit the website: or call: 717-245-3972.

Major Jason Bugajski, USAWC PAO
SHARP Leadership Summit delivers education on prevention and intervention to senior leadership

Nothing is more significant for leaders than the welfare and safety of those under their command.  USAWC resident students, faculty, and staff attended a SHARP Leadership Summit here August 24. This summit served as the foundation for leadership to gain the knowledge and learn from researchers, policy advocates, and first person experiences about this challenge that needs to improve within the Armed Forces. 

Commandant Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp opened the summit, describing the day as “an investment in future of the well-being of the Army.”  The principles of the Army SHARP program are to intervene, act and motivate.  This summit focused on educating leaders, as SHARP training for leadership is not something that needs to be ignored but rather embraced to build actionable leaders that can prevent future incidents from occurring.   A series of professionals educated and motivated the audience with respect to cultivating change within the ranks while continuing the momentum to improve statistics. 


Jennifer Storm, Victim Advocate for Pennsylvania,
uses her past experience as a victim to stress the
importance of victim advocacy and resources available
during the leaders’ Call to Action at the USAWC SHARP
Leadership Summit, Aug. 24

Jennifer Storm, Victim Advocate for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, presented the cycle of victimization and the importance of providing advocacy and resources to victims of sexual assault.  Out of every 100 rape incidents, 98 of the alleged perpetrators receive no punishment. She followed that statistic by noting that false accusations represent less than 7 percent of allegations.  Storm, a victim herself as a child, was candid in her description of the victim’s experience and described the leader’s opportunity to break the cycle of victimization. Rape is the second leading cause of Post Traumatic Stress, with war being the top cause. “The problem of PTSD has been confronted very well but it is now time to shift gears to improve a victim’s situation,” according to Storm.  She urged awareness of “victim’s rights to dignity, sensitivity and respect, that recovery is based on empowering the survivor, and -- to be a seed planter.”  

Dr. Alan Berkowitz, a subject matter expert on bystander behavior and sexual assault prevention, spoke next on the leader’s role in empowering bystanders to intervene in an effort to eliminate sexual assault incidents.  The culture of the military does not create sexual predators and the perpetrators we tend to go after are serial offenders, said Berkowitz.  He referenced the US Army War College Press publication “Getting to the Left of SHARP” that draws a parallel between how the Armed Forces learned how to combat IEDs and we must develop intervention options with respect to sexual assault/harassment incidents either by shifting the person, shifting the focus or confronting the person.  As leaders, “we must train to address retaliation.”  Leaders must understand and address the underlying issues of victim trauma, the modus operandi of the perpetrator, and the false fear of false accusations.  The best option for leaders to intervene starts with education.                                                                            

Dr. Alan Berkowitz, subject matter expert on bystander
intervention, spoke candidly about strategies to reduce sexual
assault incidents during the USAWC SHARP Leadership Summit, Aug. 24.

 “If you think that we’ve solved sexual assault/harassment problem, you’re wrong……at the end of the day it’s about the climate we set up to treat everyone with dignity and respect,” said Rapp, to open the afternoon session. USAWC students and faculty joined the afternoon session.

The Honorable Jessica Wright, shared her insights of the top-down perspective of policy and its application.  Until March 2015, she served as the Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness; previously she was the Adjunct General of the Pennsylvania National Guard. She noted the Defense Dept. view of where sexual assault/sexual harassment stood in Armed Forces as a whole, which is no place, and the impact of rape on unit morale and readiness.  “The biggest problem is underreporting,” Ms. Wright notes.  Underreporting is such an issue because of the misunderstanding in computing what constitutes sexual assault, as there are penetrating offenses, contact offenses and attempted offenses.  To combat against the underlying issue in our armed forces, there needs to be visible leadership, engaged throughout the initial report through the end judgment and recovery of victims. 


USAWC student, a former battalion commander, asks the NCO panelists
for their perceptions of an engaged commander and thoughts about
Commander’s Open Door policies. The senior Army NCOs gave insights
about their first-person experiences, setting the tone for a leaders’ Call to Action at the USAWC SHARP Leadership Summit, Aug. 24.

A personal experience panel proctored by Dr. Berkowitz gave real-life accounts of Army Soldiers who have dealt with assault and harassment through to recovery.  Three senior NCOs recounted their own experience with Soldier-to-Soldier assault, an internet bullying account, and a sexual predator, giving a compelling and, at times emotional, first-person view of the individual’s reaction to the assault and to the unit leaders’ responses.

“There is a long way to go in correcting this issue,” said Berkowitz. “The victims here to tell their stories are the very definition of Army Strong.” What can be learned from these stories is that leadership needs to be engaged in spite of the process; a leader needs to believe those that are making a claim until proven wrong, and to suspend disbelief even if the alleged assaulter may be someone that could have never done such a thing.  

“What can you do in your command to make it easier for victims to come forward?” Berkowitz closed the question-answer session with a final question to the audience.

Deputy Commandant Col. David Funk and Command Sgt. Major Christopher Martinez offered final comments from their experiences in brigade leadership positions. “It’s all about the command climate that leaders establish, how subordinate leaders will take its cues from leadership and how they support those victim advocates in your unit” said Martinez.  Funk emphasized that we are all stewards of the profession. “With SHARP, it’s no different.  The bottom line is that leaders are here to serve the nation and if SHARP issues become the focal point for American society we can lose the trust of our citizens and members of our profession, while ultimately losing our charter to operate as the world’s best armed forces.” 

The Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention Program, or SHARP, is the Army’s commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual harassment and sexual assault through awareness and prevention, training, victim advocacy, reporting, and accountability. For more understanding, go to

Honoring faculty excellence at the Army War College

6 members of the U.S. Army War College faculty were presented awards that recognized their diverse expertise and research and writing skills during the faculty council meeting in Wil Washcoe, Root Hall, Aug. 25.

 - ARCOM for winning the Excellence-in-Teaching Award:  Cols Brian Maddox, Director of Military History and Strategy, Tarn Warren, Department of Military Strategy, Planning and Operations and Fred Gellert, instructor in the Department of Command, Leadership, and Management (Fred is now a Title 10 faculty member.) Excellence in Teacher is determined by Student feedback, peer feedback, and personal observation by department chair, dean or director comprise the evaluation criteria for the new faculty awards in teaching excellence.

From left to right, Maj. Gen. William E. Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College, Fred Gellert, Brian Maddox, Col. Tarn Warren, Col. and Lance Betros, Provost stand with award winners, Wil Washcoe, Root Hall, Aug. 25






 - Military faculty stabilization:  Col. Karl D. Bopp (pronounced Bope), Director of the Distance Education Strategic Leadership Course of the United States Army War College,

From left to right, Maj. Gen. William E. Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College, Col. Karl D. Bopp and Lance Betros, Provost, Wil Washcoe, Root Hall, Aug. 25





  Excellence-in-Scholarship (Madigan) Award:  Dr. Kevin Weddle (Kevin also received a cash prize from the Foundation.) The Madigan Award is intended to encourage and recognize published writing on national security issues.  The competition is open to all current staff and faculty members of the U.S. Army War College.

From left to right, Maj. Gen. William E. Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College, Dr. Kevin Weddle and Lance Betros, Provost, Wil Washcoe, Root Hall, Aug. 25






 - Distinguished Fellow:  Dr. Gabriel Marcella (Gabriel was nominated by GEN(R) Fred Woerner, a USAWC Distinguished Fellow.  Gabriel served in SSI and DNSS.) Dr. Gabriel Marcella retired in 2008 as Professor of Third World Studies and Director of the Americas Studies in the Department of National Security and Strategy at the U.S. Army War College. During his government career he served as International Affairs Advisor to the Commander in Chief, United States Southern Command. Dr. Marcella has written extensively on Latin American security issues and U.S. policy.

From left to right, Maj. Gen. William E. Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College, Dr. Gabriel Marcella and Lance Betros, Provost, Wil Washcoe, Root Hall, Aug. 25 


Carlisle Barracks CPAC open two days a week while staffing recruiting project
Carlisle Barracks CPAC (APPROPRIATED FUND) will be closed on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays over the course of the next several weeks to commit a limited staff to a priority staffing and recruiting project.
Appropriated Fund Staff is still available for customers on Tuesdays and Thursdays (walk-in 0730-1130) but are encouraged to call Dana Smith at
717-245-3928, Mary Ann Farrell at 717-245-3942, Greg Salas at 717-961-2083, or Krissy McGlynn at 717-245-4750 to schedule an appointment.  Please leave a detailed message on voicemail; our staff will contact you as quickly as possible.  Urgent issues should be forwarded to me, 717-245-3920.
L/MER staff support continues normally with Mark Choate, 717-245-4742. 
NAF support continues normally --  NAF is open daily and invites walk-ins from 0730-1130.  Please call Shanterra Ferguson at 717-245-3829, Tina Angell at 717-245-3274, Ricardo Smith at 717-245-4270, or Sevella Hayes at 717-245-3923 to schedule an afternoon appointment.

Carlisle Barracks Community -- new mass notification warning system AtHoc, replacing Send Word Now

Carlisle Barracks has begun a rollout of the AtHoc Mass warning And Notification system, connecting Carlisle Barracks service members, their families and the civilian workforce with emergency, crisis and weather information in real time. Our Network Enterprise Center is currently loading and testing the system.

The system alerts users multiple ways through Desktop Alerts, landline phones, mobile phones, email and text message.  AtHoc provides service members and their families with instant and accurate information from the installation leadership.

Signing up for the Carlisle Barracks AtHoc Notification System is quick and easy. Those registering with AtHoc will also receive phone, text, and email alerts to personal home and mobile devices to speed emergency information to system users.

The system relies on the information provided during the online registration process.  Keeping AtHoc updated with accurate and current contact information is critical for the success of the program, and is a responsibility of the individual registrant.

We will publish instructions how to register the first week of Sept. 

Class of 2013 members returns for 2013 graduate plaque dedication

Video of the class of 2013 plaque dedication is available for viewing:

Aug. 20, 2015 -- Traditions may flex but they endure. Today, heavy rain moved the dedication of the USAWC Class of 2013 plaque into Bliss Hall, packed with the entire Army War College student body, faculty, staff, and friends of the Class of 2013.  The metal plaque joins the long bronze line of plaques bearing the graduate rolls through the decades.  

“This dedication is important because it tells us about ourselves, and about what we value in our own lives and in our profession – that the U.S. Army War College is proud of its history, that the United States military values life-long learning for its senior leaders, and that as an institution we value recognizing the individual achievements of our officers and soldiers,” said Commandant Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp during the ceremony.


USAWC Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp, Col. Jim Skelton, Col. David Wood, and Command Sgt. Major C. Martinez pause after revealing the 2013 Class Plaque of Graduate (above).  It presents  an alphabetical listing of the graduates of 2013 – distance and resident program students, International Fellows, and those who served as Army War College Fellows during academic 2012-2013.

 “The class rosters of the past evoke great stories of valor and virtue that are remarkable in the history of our country and that of many other nation states throughout the world,” said Rapp. “Today, the class of 2013 is making its own history in the same timeless manner – through courage, selfless service, and a tireless commitment to the burdens and responsibilities of senior strategic leadership in a time of conflict and active deterrence around the globe.

Seminar students and faculty reunited for the Class of 2013 Graduates' Plaque dedication (below).

 “The class is confident in the value of its War College education and strongly linked together as a special team,” noted Rapp.Representing the Distance Class of 2013, Col. David E. Wood echoed the value of the Army War College team.

 “While I know that the resident class is important for the long term friendship and professional networking that occurs, I am proud to say that the class of 2013 distance learning -- from our online chats to our first and second residence course -- also brought with it a band of brother- and sisterhood that today is still going strong,” said Wood, a member of the Pennsylvania Army National Guard. Distance program students complete a curriculum equivalent to the resident program, over a two-year period of online courses and online forums, punctuated by two 2-week resident phases at Carlisle.

 “The U.S. Army War College endeavored to educate and develop us into leaders to serve at the strategic level while actively engaging our knowledge global application of land power,” said 2013 Resident class representative Col. Jim Skelton. Skelton currently works in the Center for Strategic Leadership and Development.

 Skelton led applause for saying, “A special thanks to the Army War College for continuing the tradition of permanently remember its graduates.”


Young Hall water tower to be drained Aug. 22

In order to drain the water tower located near Young Hall, piping will run across Forbes Ave. on Saturday, Aug. 22. The piping will run by the intersection between the corner of Young Hall and the Fire Department. The roadway will not be closed but there will be bump in the road by the stop sign as this is where the pipe will be crossing from the storm sewer to the sanitary sewer. The work is expected to start around 7:30 a.m. and last the majority of the day.

Army Substance Abuse Program
Summer Sense Campaign – Caffeine, Alcohol and Your Sleep

Caffeine and Sleep

Caffeine has been called the most popular drug in the world. It is found naturally in over 60 plants including the coffee bean, tea leaf, kola nut and cacao pod

All over the world people consume caffeine on a daily basis in coffee, tea, cocoa, chocolate, some soft drinks, and some drugs

Because caffeine is a stimulant, most people use it after waking up in the morning or to remain alert during the day

SYMPTOMS: Caffeine is a stimulant. In moderate doses, it can: Increase alertness Reduce fine motor coordination, Cause insomnia, Cause headaches, nervousness and dizziness

It has also been known to result in: Anxiety, Irritability, Rapid heartbeat, Excessive urination, Sleep disturbance, A "caffeine crash" once the effects wear off

TREATMENT: If the conditions listed under "symptoms" occur, discontinue the use of caffeine

Knowing the caffeine content of your food and drinks can help you keep caffeine intake at a healthy level so you can still reap the benefits of a good night's sleep.


Is Caffeine Addictive?

Could it be that you are addicted to caffeine?

 There is no doubt that there are withdrawal symptoms that you can experience

These symptoms include headache, tiredness/fatigue, decreased energy/activeness, decreased alertness/attentiveness, drowsiness/sleepiness, decreased contentedness/well-being, depressed mood, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and felling muzzy/foggy/not clearheaded

The onset of withdrawal symptoms typically begins 12-24 hours after abstinence, with the peak intensity occurring at 20-51 hours. The withdrawal symptoms last for a range of two to nine days.

There is no disputing the fact that caffeine "addiction" is not as intense or dangerous as drug addictions

For those who do feel the withdrawal symptoms it is best to slowly decrease your intake


Alcohol and Sleep

Alcohol often is thought of as a sedative or calming drug.

While alcohol may induce sleep, the quality of sleep is often fragmented during the second half of the sleep period.

Alcohol increases the number of times you awaken in the later half of the night, when the alcohol's relaxing effect wears off.

It prevents you from getting the deep sleep and REM sleep you need, because alcohol keeps you in the lighter stages of sleep.

With continued consumption just before bedtime, alcohol's sleep-inducing effect may decrease as its disruptive effects continue or increase.

The sleep disruption resulting from alcohol use may lead to daytime fatigue and sleepiness.

Source: WebMD Medical Reference


For additional information contact the army Substance Abuse Office at 245 – 4576.

Resiliency & Nutrition are the Foundations for Leader Readiness
USAWC resident students, faculty, staff, and families were treated to first-class presentations on the latest recommendations for health nutrition and resiliency.  This educational program serves as the basis for senior leaders at the USAWC to gain the knowledge on individual health awareness and well-being to help them succeed at the next level. 

Dr. Tom Williams, USAWC Strategic Leader Resiliency Program director, discussed resiliency as an instrument for leaders to “fix” themselves within the rigorous USAWC educational program.  The program began with an inquiry posed to the Surgeon General of the Army in the early 1980s about the health of senior Army officers after the untimely death of Col.Arthur Stang. Strategic Leader Resiliency is an investment in the individual, starting at the top with its senior leaders.   .

The key to maintaining a healthy outlook is to, “Exercise regularly while mitigating the risks in life as we get older, as the average age of a resident student is 45 and is more susceptible to developing health issues,” according to Williams.   The program alleviates the demands felt by senior leaders through more energy, stamina and fitness.

“People come here to get right,” Army student Col. Ed Callahan says of the Army War College year. This resonated with all students as the majority is coming from the operational environment into an educational setting for the first time in 10 years.  The leadership and resiliency programs here present the opportunity for students and families to reset and commit to their well-being.  Ultimately, this will help improve the overall state of mind in preparing them for the challenges in the next phase of their careers.  

Dr. Williams reviewed some key attributes to sustain a resiliency plan:

  • Adapt
  • Commit
  • Set goals & Never give up
  • Shift the mindset
  • Self-Awareness
  • Self-Regulation
  • Maintain a Leader Presence

Basic Nutrition for a Healthy Lifestyle

When thinking about good nutrition, sticking to the basics instead of the pricier food alternative is what’s best for your body. 

 Dr. Leslie J. Bonci is the director of Sports Nutrition at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center for Sports Medicine and a nutrition consultant for numerous organizations to include the Pittsburgh Steelers.  Her focus centered on what people put into their bodies and nutritional value. 

Several students talked about the timing of the resiliency presentations as a foundation for the academic year ahead. “They help balance the physical, mental and spiritual elements” Col. Bob Davel reinforced that these programs as students start the academic year.  Lt. Col. Lawrence Stewart offers that both of the programs, SLRP and nutrition, “are tools that are offered to handle stress.” 

Dr. Bonci stressed that an even distribution of food and fluid intake throughout the day.  When it comes to nutrition, stick to the basics and avoid buying extremely expensive superfoods that offer much less in overall nutritional value, she said. “Be selective about what you choose to eat,” said Bonci. “At the end of the day we want balance as it optimizes health that is controlled by you and to know what we add in and take away from our diets.”

Dr. Bonci offers nutritional recommendations to maintain a healthy eating lifestyle:

  • Meal consumption should consist of 2/3 high carbohydrates and 1/3 protein
  • The only way to truly energize the body is through calories
  • Daily fluid consumption – Men (100 fl oz); Women (74 fl oz)
  • Daily alcohol consumption – Men (2 drinks); Women (1 drink)
  • Stop eating is about 90 minutes before going to bed
  • Create your own “hydration station”
  • Eat fish 1-2 times per week as it decreases the risk of cardiac death in healthy adults by 42-50%.

Dr. Bonci recommends avoiding:

  • Supplementing ingredients in your diet but rather go for the real thing 
  • Consuming more than the daily recommended daily intake of caffeine
  • Energy drinks as the caffeine to sugar content varies greatly
  • Consuming too many sports drinks throughout the day as they are only intended to be used during vigorous activities
  • Enhanced water as they prove to be both expensive and not worth the nutritional value
  • Alternative milk like almond milk offer more calories but again is expensive and offers less protein/serving (1g) than skim or low fat milk (8g protein/serving)

Army War College Class of 2016 Opening Ceremony

Carlisle Barracks, PA – The Army War College officially welcomed the Class of 2016 with opening ceremonies from the Army's premier ceremonial units on August 14.  The event officially began the academic year for 381 military officers and government civilians representing the top 10 percent of their group from their respective Service, agency, or country. 

 The U.S. Army 3rd Infantry Regiment delivered a drill team demonstration while the Fife and Drum Corps band recalled the days of the American Revolution complete in period attire.  The U.S. Army Band Pershing’s Own, the premier musical organization of the U.S. Army. closed out the ceremonies with a concert. 

The class of 381 Military Officers includes 171 active Army, 48 Army Reserve and National Guard, 26 Air Force, 1 Coast Guard, 16 Marine Corps, 11 Navy Officer, 29 Civilian Students from various departments within the Department of Defense and Department of State as well as 79 International Fellows representing 73 partner nations. 

This year’s class of 79 International Fellows represent: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Australia, Bangladesh, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria (2), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia (2), Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria (2), Norway, Pakistan (2), Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Saudi Arabia (3), Senegal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zambia.

War College speakers program offers expertise, diverse viewpoints

Did you know that the Army War College has one of the largest and most diverse speakers bureau programs in Central Pa, placing nearly 300 speakers each year at events all over the region to include civic organization events, college and high school classrooms, ceremonies and more? 

What makes us unique is that the Army War College student body includes senior military officers of the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force and Coast Guard, foreign officers, and senior civilian managers of federal agencies such as the Department of Defense and Department of the Army. Each speaker brings a unique and graduate level perspective to the table, with the ability to enhance the discussions of topical issues with their experience gained through their military and government careers.

  • Speakers in the past have spoken on topics like:
  • Integrity and ethics in leader decision-making
  • Role of the military in the homeland
  • Leading organizations
  • Cyber security
  • Leadership: Continuity vs Change
  • Current Operations and status of the force

In addition, the speakers are able to share lessons learned from the expansive Army War College curriculum that focuses on strategic leadership and management, international relations and regional studies and contemporary military issues.

If you are interested in requesting a speaker for this academic year -- between now and the end of May -- visit

Emergency Services Open House set for Aug. 19
The annual event includes police and fire fighting equipment displays, and child ID cards. McGruff the Crime Dog and Sparky the Fire Dog will also drop by at the event from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Carlisle Area School District bus stop locations, schedules
School starts Aug. 24

School buses will be picking up children at nine locations across the installation starting on Monday, Aug. 24. Carlisle Barracks' Bus Stop Courtesy plan is ready for the first day -- at each of the nine bus stops on post, a Carlisle Barracks representative will be present with a roster of children's names and times of buses scheduled for that bus stop.

Check out the information below for all on-post bus stops and other important information. 

Concerns regarding school bus transportation should be directed to the Carlisle Area School District.   Phone 240-6800,  Ext 17800, 17803, 17804 between 6 p.m. and 7 p.m.

For more information visit



  • No Kindergarten transportation for Carlisle Area School District students Monday, August 24th  through Wednesday, August 26, 2014. First day for Kindergarten school bus Transportation is Thursday, August 27, 2014.
  • Students are required to be at their stop 5 minutes before the scheduled pickup time.


School times


8:40a.m. - 3:30p.m.


AM Kindergarten

8:40a.m. - 11:35a.m.


PM Kindergarten

12:35p.m. - 3:30p.m.


Middle School

7:46a.m.- 2:35p.m


High School

Swartz & McGowan Building

7:49a.m. - 2:45p.m




Route ID: 16E Letort Elementary

08:09 751 CRAIG RD (NO 3A)

08:10 738 CRAIG RD (NO 3B)

08:13 116 FORBES AVE (NO 4)

08:14 637 LIGGETT RD (NO 9)

08:16 256 MARSHALL RD (NO 6)


08:20 17 GARRISON LN (NO 5)


Route ID: 16S Carlisle High School (Swartz, McGowan)


07:08 116 FORBES AVE (NO 4)

07:10 637 LIGGETT RD (NO 9)

07:12 256 MARSHALL RD (NO 6)

07:14 226 MARSHALL RD (NO 7)

07:15 120 FORBES AVE (NO 8)


Route ID: 17E Letort Elementary

08:05 - 10003 CHICKAMAUGA DR (NO 1)

08:07 - 10014 CHICKAMAUGA DR (NO 2)


Route ID: 23S Carlisle High School (Swartz, McGowan)

07:20 751 CRAIG RD (NO 3A)

07:22 738 CRAIG RD (NO 3B)

07:25 17 GARRISON LN (NO 5)


Route ID: 27E Hamilton Elementary

07:54 256 MARSHALL RD (NO 6)

07:56 120 FORBES AVE (NO 8)



Route ID: 27S Carlisle High School (Swartz, McGowan)

07:10 10003 CHICKAMAUGA DR (NO 2)

07:12 10014 CHICKAMAUGA DR (NO 1)


Route ID: 34M Lamberton Middle School

06:52 10003 CHICKAMAUGA DR (NO 1)

06:53 10014 CHICKAMAUGA DR (NO 2)

07:00 116 FORBES AVE - YOUNG HALL (NO 4)

07:04 637 LIGGETT RD (NO 9)

07:06 256 MARSHALL RD (NO 6)

07:08 226 MARSHALL RD (NO 7)

07:09 120 FORBES AVE (NO 8)


07:12 17 GARRISON LN (NO 5)


Route ID: 35E Bellaire Elementary

08:01 751 CRAIG RD (NO 3A)

08:03 738 CRAIG RD (NO 3B)


08:08 256 MARSHALL RD (NO 6)

08:09 226 MARSHALL RD


08:16 17 GARRISON LN (NO 5)


Route ID: 35M Lamberton Middle School

06:56 751 CRAIG RD (NO 3A)

06:58 738 CRAIG RD (NO 3B)


Carlisle Barracks to plant nearly 40 trees on post


Darrell Spoonhour, Biological Science Technician, inspects one of the 30 ash trees on Carlisle Barracks that will have to be removed or trimmed due to an infestation from the Emerald Ash Borer. The post will plant nearly 40 mature trees later this year to replace those that are being removed for the infestation, damage from winter weather and long overdue maintenance.

Carlisle Barracks will soon begin a project to plant nearly 40 mature trees that will help replace a large number of dead trees that are being removed due to safety concerns from an infestation from the Emerald Ash Borer and recent severe weather.

Public Works experts Darrell Spoonhour, Biological Science Technician, and Paul Herzer, Chief Environmental Officer, constantly monitor the health of the nearly 500 trees on post and have identified the trees that must be removed for safety reasons due and those that must be trimmed to remove dead limbs. 

For example, the borer infestation has affected all the ash trees, which has caused some to be removed. Others that are still viable are being trimmed. Emerald Ash Borer feeds exclusively on ash trees in North America with larvae of this beetle feeding under the bark. Their feeding eventually girdles and kills branches and entire trees.


A section of an ash tree that has been removed shows the damage caused by the Emerald Ash Borer.

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, tens of millions of ash trees have been lost to this pest, which usually kills ash trees within three to four years of infestation. Symptoms of Emerald Ash Borer infestation include upper crown dieback, epicormic branching, bark splits and bark flaking, or tissue damage resulting from woodpecker predation. Each of the ash trees on Carlisle Barracks exhibit one or more of these symptoms.

However, the news isn’t all bad as at least 40 trees will be planted this year with a large caliper and disease resistant native species.

“We understand how much these trees add to the look and feel of Carlisle Barracks,” said Lt. Col. Greg Ank, Garrison Commander. “That’s why we’ve made it a priority to plant as many new, mature trees as we can, to help keep Carlisle Barracks a beautiful place to work and live.  And, it is just as important to care for our grounds and remove fragile and dead trees that may become a danger to personnel and property.”


The Emerald Ash Borer makes small holes in ash trees as seen in this photo. After laying eggs inside, the larvae feed on the tree eventually girdles and kills branches and entire trees.

Super Sign-Up scheduled for Carlisle Barracks Spouses Club

Aug. 14, 2015 -- Find hobbies, friendships, travels, service projects -- a host of ways to enrich your life -- in the Carlisle Barracks Spouses Club. The Super Sign-Up membership drive is the perfect way to learn more:  Wed, Aug. 26 from 10 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., at the Letort View Community Center (LVCC).  Children & strollers welcome.

Free Phillies tickets available for ID card holders

FREE Phillies Tickets for DoD ID card holders are available on a first-come-first-served basis for three upcoming games.

Toronto Blue Jays: August 19 @ 7:05pm
New York Mets: August 26 @ 7:05pm
San Diego Padres: August 28 @ 7:05pm

52 Tickets available for each game at Leisure Travel Services, 842 Sumner Road (across from the Commissary). Tickets must be picked up and signed for in person.

Outdoor movie on Indian Field set for Aug. 21

Grab your lawn chairs, blankets, pack a cooler and come out to Indian Field Aug. 21 for an only at Carlisle event, an outdoor showing of the movie classic, Jim Thorpe: All American. The event is open to the entire Carlisle Community, including the general public.

While meeting more of your neighbors, you can relax and enjoy the evening while learning more about one of the most famous athletes of the 20th Century, who spent many years at Carlisle Barracks as a student at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.

All attendees will receive a free pack of candy and popcorn and drinks will be available. All bags and coolers are subject to inspection. The movie is set to start at dusk, approximately 8:15 p.m. The “doors” will open at 7 p.m.

The movie is the kick-off of the Army War College Strategic Art Film Program, which is sponsored by the Association of the United States Army and the Army Heritage Center Foundation. 

A new look: FIRST 30 DAYS for Army War College student spouses

Aug. 12, 2015 -- You've followed the First 30 Day plan on the Class of 2016 Welcome site -- -- and, this article updates key events through the end of August: welcome picnic, meet the leadership, spouse club sign-up, and more.



Thursday, 13 Aug is Leader Resiliency Day, 8:30 a.m. in Bliss Hall, featuring insights for you and your spouse about healthy life styles for strategic leaders. Leslie Bonci is nutritionist and health-and-fitness consultant & will present "Strategies to eat well, be well, and stay well" (10 - 11:15 a.m.)  SPOUSES ARE INVITED TO ATTEND WITH STUDENTS.

Thursday, 13 Aug at 11:15 - 11:45 am, Bliss Hall. Military Family Program orientation by MFP coordinator Ms Lisa Riley ... following Ms Bonci -- Lisa Riley will introduce the Military Family Program

Friday, Aug 14 features several critical events to mark the beginning of the academic year.

Convocation, Aug. 14 at 8:30 a.m. in Bliss Hall for students, is the formal start to the Class of 2016 year. SPOUSES ARE INVITED TO VIEW CONVOCATION FROM SEMINAR ROOMS .. AND GATHER FOR COFFEE ON THE PATIO, 8:45-9:15 a.m., scheduled in between convocation & spouse brief

Spouse Brief, Aug. 14, 9:30 - 11 a.m., Bliss Hall, Spouses meet with Maj. Gen. & Mrs Bill Rapp.  Learn more about your new community and the year ahead.

Opening Ceremony at 4 p.m. Friday, Aug. 14 is an inspiring event for the whole family that features the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps, the Army Drill Team, and the Army Band in a ceremony that reflects the significance of the student year at the Army's center for strategic thought.

Immediately following the opening ceremony is the Welcome Family Picnic and 'boatyard wars' icebreaker event, at the swimming pool/picnic site, for students and families. Beach wear encouraged at opening ceremony and the family picnic. Tickets are available at the door -- or, at early bird prices at MWR & Joint Deli locations.

What to expect --

'Carlisle Casual' uniform (men in slacks, sport shirt and/or sweater; women in skirts or slacks with top or casual dress). Spouses welcome at these Zero Week events - all family members encouraged at the Welcome Picnic Zero week events on post in Root Hall academic building or Bliss Hall auditorium

Zero week will serve as an orientation to the seminar, the resources available for you during the coming year, and the community.


FOR STUDENTS: USAWC classes begin with Course One, Introduction to Strategic Landpower, featuring a Gulf War case study.


Emergency Services Open House, Aug. 19, 11 am - 2 pm:  Meet the firefighters & bike police, McGruff & Sparky, refreshments.

Dress for Success, Aug. 19, 1-3 p.m. AND AGAIN, at 7-9 pm, Bliss Hall.  At both sessions, a personal/corporate image consultant will review best practices for civilian dress. 

AHEC Presents: 1st Perspectives in Military History lecture for ay2016, Aug., 19, 7:15 - 8:30 pm, at Army Heritage & Education Center, featuring Dennis Gormley: Cold War & Post-Cold War Security Challenges.

Kids Day, Aug. 21, 2-5:30 p.m. for youth of the Carlisle Barracks community, K-12th grade: a special open house with games, food, and introduction to Youth Services programs.

Jim Thorpe All-American OUTDOOR MOVIE NIGHT, Friday, Aug. 21 at dusk (~ 8:15 p.m.)  FREE movie. Bring lawn chairs & coolers to Indian Field with your neighbors on post & in the community. Free candy. Popcorn & other snacks available.   Commercial film about one of the most decorated athletes in American history -- a former student of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.

What to expect --

Students will have online access to weekly schedules that include academic event, date, time, location, uniform.


FOR STUDENTS:  USAWC Class schedules become routine: Typical week is 4 days in seminar and 1 Reading/Writing/Research day; this week RWR day is Aug. 26.

Strategic Leadership Course begins Aug. 28.

FOR FAMILIES: Classes (K-12) start this week for most area school districts.

Carlisle Barracks Spouses Club SUPER SIGN-UP, Aug. 26, 10 am to 1:30 pm, LVCC. Open to all spouses of Carlisle Barracks.

Softball games begin Aug. 26: team-building seminar-based softball games scheduled in September welcome friends and family, at Thorpe Field between Root Hall and Young Hall family residences.


 FOR STUDENTS:  Families adjust to the USAWC academic philosophy. For every 3 contact hours in seminar, expect 9 hours reading & preparing. RWR day this week is Friday, Sep. 4.


First CLIF (Community Leaders Information Forum), Sep. 2, 11 am to 1 pm, LVCC. Information exchange between seminar spouse representatives, command & staff. All welcome


FOR STUDENTS:  Students & families adjust to the USAWC academic philosophy. For every 3 contact hours in seminar, expect 9 hours reading & preparing. RWR day this week is Friday, Sep. 4.



Immediately following the Opening Ceremony, the Welcome Picnic and Boatyard Wars is a family-friendly event for Army War College students and their families to get to know each other and engage in friendly competition. A rain-or-shine event held at the pavilion behind the Letort View Community Center, features a BBQ buffet, a “kids corner” featuring a bounce house, coloring contest and more. Tickets are $12 for adults, $6 for kids 5-12, 4 and under are free. For more information visit

New CDC playground on track for Sept. 30 opening

The anticipation is building for both the staff and children at the Moore Child Development Center as work nears a close on a new, eco-friendly playground.

The long wait for both parents, staff and kids at the Moore Child Development Center is almost over as new, environmentally friendly playground is set to be complete Sept. 30.

Located between the CDC and the McConnell Youth Center, the project began a few weeks ago to replace the old playground equipment. The new equipment include sand boxes, swing sets, bicycle paths, water tables, chime panels, play stages, planter boxes and painting panels and more. The infant playground will also have its own age appropriate swings, playhouse and chime panel.

Lifecycle Construction Company is leading the renovation, with local subcontractor, J W GLEIM Construction demolishing and resurfacing the playground. The equipment is coming from Play Mart, a company that specializes in manufacturing environmentally friendly material. The CDC is receiving a playset named “Brazil,” which took 14,202 milk jugs to manufacture.

Make sure to check the Army War College Community Facebook page at the Carlisle Barracks FMWR page at photos as the project nears completion

Carlisle Barracks Soldiers hosting ‘adopt-a-highway’ Aug. 15

Come join Carlisle Barracks Soldiers as they help keep our community beautiful during a “adopt-a-highway” event Aug. 15, 6:14 – 8 a.m. Volunteers are welcome to come meet the group in the Shughart Hall parking lot at 6 a.m. to receive a safety brief and reflective vests.

For more information or to volunteer call 245-3244.

Bruce Nielson, Outdoor Recreation Program Manager, Carlisle Barracks
Experiencing the Great Allegheny passageway
In the month of June, Outdoor Recreation  offered a three-day bike tour along the Great Allegheny Passageway  and seven clients joined for the ride. The Great Allegheny passageway is 150 miles long through mountains of Pennsylvania and connects Pittsburgh to Washington D.C.  This trail is the longest unpaved hiker and biker rail trail in the Allegheny region of the Appalachian Mountains.  It is considered, by many, to be a world-class biking experience.
Group picture before setting out on their 155 mile journey, (left to right) Jim Cermenaro, Sam Rob and his son Jacob, Adrian Wolfberg, Robert Martin, Edyie Rob and Joe Malis at Point Park, Pittsburg, June 13.  
The GAP is free from traffic and motorized vehicles because it is built mainly on abandoned rail beds.  The trail is made from packed and crushed limestone, which creates a smooth trail to bike and walk on.  Hiking and biking are the two most popular activities for the trail, but horseback riding is also permitted in certain areas.  The trail connects with the 184.5 mile C&O Canal Towpath at Cumberland, MD to create a 334.5 mile route between Pittsburgh and Washington D.C.
Day 1 of the Outdoor Recreations trip began in Pittsburgh at Point State Park, which is where the three rivers in Pittsburgh all come together at one point: the Ohio River, Allegheny River and Monongahela River.  On the first day's ride they covered 50 miles.  They ride crossed numerous rivers, and they also stopped in several trail towns to experience trail culture and enjoy great cuisine. There are small towns about every ten miles or so along the trail that provide essential amenities.  At the end of the day they spent the night in a beautiful campground outside of West Newton.
The Big Savage Tunnel is an abandoned railway tunnel, it was renovated for use on the Great Allegheny Passage trail. It is the longest tunnel on the trail
Day 2 of their trip they covered 67 miles from West Newton to Rockwood.  They passed numerous waterfalls, rode over a towering bridge and crossed the mighty Youghiogheny River.  Many gorgeous waterfalls, such as Ohiopyle Falls, Cucumber Falls, Cascades and Sugar Run Falls, can be seen at Ohiopyle State Park, which the GAP follows right along.  Another stunning landmark long the trail is Fallingwater.  Fallingwater is a house that isn’t built on solid ground, but stretches over a 30 foot waterfall.  Once they arrived in Rockwood that night, they found a campground to stay at for the night so they could rest up for the last day of their 150 mile journey.
Day 3 concluded with a ride from Rockwood to Cumberland, Maryland.  The first major landmark they crossed was the Eastern Continental Divide.  This is the highest point on the Great Allegheny Passage, rising to a staggering 2,392 feet.  The Divide defines two watersheds of the Atlantic Ocean: the Gulf of Mexico watershed and the Atlantic Seaboard watershed.  As they come near the end of the journey, they travel through the Big Savage Tunnel.  This tunnel is an abandoned railway tunnel and stretches 3,294 feet long.  After the tunnel, they enjoyed the next 18 miles of downhill terrain to their ending destination in Cumberland, Maryland. 
After ascending for 110 miles we finally get to the Eastern Continentail Divided, it's all down hill for 40 miles, Great Alleghany Passage, Jun 15
Outdoor Recreation is always busy with wonderful trips for the whole family to enjoy!  For more information on upcoming trips contact Outdoor Recreation at 717.245.4616.  You can also stop by their building to see what they have to rent, BLDG 860.

Everyone plays a role in force protection

August marks the Army's sixth annual observance of Antiterrorism Awareness Month. The terrorist threats we face today are as complex as they have been at any time in our nation's history.


These threats are persistent and constantly evolving as evidenced by the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.


The purpose of Antiterrorism Awareness Month is to instill Army-wide heightened awareness and vigilance to protect Army critical assets and personnel by preventing acts of terrorism.


Awareness of terrorist threats and an understanding of personal protective measures remain paramount.


The four focus areas planned for this year include recognizing and reporting suspicious activity, participating in antiterrorism training, countering insider threats and becoming familiar with the risks associated with the use of social media.


Antiterrorism awareness also empowers the entire Army – including units, leaders, Soldiers, Department of the Army civilians, families and contractors – to take prevention measures and encourages each individual to serve as a “sensor” continuously aware of and reporting suspicious activity.


Every member of the Army community plays an important role in preventing terrorist acts. By embedding antiterrorism principles and concepts throughout our plans and programs we protect the Army community from terrorists.


Key Reminders:

• Terrorists can attack anywhere, anytime – the threat is real.

• Army activities and people remain vulnerable.

• Persistent vigilance can help counter the threat and prevent a terrorist attack.

• Units must provide the best antiterrorism training and education possible.

• Individuals should know how to identify and report suspicious activities.

• Antiterrorism measures integrate security into all Army operations and activities.

• Leaders must get the entire Army community involved in antiterrorism efforts.

Jim Thorpe Hall closures for County Fair

In order to allow set-up for the 2015 County Fair, the first floor of Jim Thorpe Hall will close at 8 a.m. Aug. 11 (and and 3rd floors remain open), and the entire gym will be closed Aug. 12. The gym open for normal operations on Aug. 13.

Robert D. Martin, PAO USAWC
Army Majors, Captains and Senior NCOs get a taste of strategic thinking

For the next 4 weeks, sixteen mid-level Army officers, warrant officers and senior noncommissioned officers will be attending the Strategic Broadening Program at the Center for Strategic Leader Development, Carlisle Barracks, Aug. 3-28.

“The instruction covers fundamentals of strategy, policy & grand strategy, institutional & theater strategy, and applied case studies,” said Professor Gregory Cantwell, instructor with the Strategic Broadening Program.     “The Army War College is uniquely positioned to support this Chief of Staff of the Army initiative as the proponent for strategic development and education.”

“The critical thinking skills developed in this course will provide them with the tools needed to be value added at the strategic level,” he said.

Lt. Col. Michael Shekleton, director of the Basic Strategic Art Program, pauses with the new student seminar to talk about the history of Carlisle Barracks, enroute to the next academic event,  Carlisle Barracks, Aug. 6.

 The Strategic Broadening Program is a 28-day course designed to expand the participant's understanding of the military's role in national security and the application of all elements of power in securing national interests. The SBP provides its graduates with the tools and perspective to begin to bridge the gap between their tactical/operational background and their future challenges of operating at the grand-strategic and theater-strategic level of war and policy.

Strategic Broadening Program seminar students begin their day with Making Strategy/ Grand Strategy as Prof. Gregory Cantwell (standing) prepares for the seminar, Ardennes Room, Collins Hall, Aug. 7.

The Army War College is one of several educational institutions that offer the Strategic Broadening Seminars Program. The Chief of Staff of the Army-approved broadening opportunity for majors, captains, mid-grade warrant officers, senior NCOs, and those Army Civilians in the Strategist career program. University of North Carolina, University of Foreign Military and Cultural Studies, University of Louisville and the Institute of World Politics also hold Strategic Broadening Seminars Program.

Students will also participate in two staff rides: a four-day National Capital Region Interagency staff ride that includes engagements with members or staff to House and Senate offices on Capitol Hill, the Pentagon, and a DC-based think tank; and a strategic staff ride to the Gettysburg battlefield.


John F. Troxell

2015-16 Key Strategic Issues List

The KSIL is available for online viewing here: 2015-16 KSIL

The recently published National Military Strategy emphasizes the unpredictability of the global security environment. According to General Dempsey, “global disorder has significantly increased while some of our comparative military advantage has begun to erode. We now face multiple, simultaneous security challenges…”
General Odierno echoes this concern by pointing to the “increased velocity of instability,” and emboldened potential adversaries that have “magnified the risk to U.S. interests around the world.”
Responding to this period of geopolitical uncertainty demands thoughtful and careful analysis of a wide array of strategic issues. The Strategic Studies Institutes’ (SSI) annual Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) addresses this need by providing a list of high-priority topics organized to support the Army's most important strategic objectives, issues that must be addressed to ensure the Army of 2025 and beyond will continue to meet the needs of the nation.
Part I of the KSIL lists the Chief of Staff of the Army’s top five topics, all five of which will be addressed as integrative research projects by the US Army War College.
Part II, “Priority Research Areas,” is a compilation of critical topics developed by the Army War College and Commands and organizations throughout the Army. Part III consists of the Army Warfighting Challenges. Students and researchers are encouraged to get in touch with the topic sponsors listed in the document, tackle one of these issues, and contribute to the knowledge base needed to support the future direction of the Army.

Adobe forms conversion

Effective Oct. 1, 2014, the Army implemented an enterprise action to discontinue use of Lotus (.xfdl) forms and adopt Adobe (.pdf) forms (ALARACT 223/2014 DTG 161752Z SEP 14, SUBJECT: Information on Army Migration to ADOBE Fillable Forms.)

On July 31, 2015, NEC removed Lotus viewer from all Army computers on Carlisle Barracks.  Lotus Forms remain available on the Thin Client computers in the USAWC Library only.  Air Force personnel and their supervisors, on the USAWC staff, will continue to have Lotus access in order to complete military evaluations and related actions.

What does this mean to you?

After July 31, 2015, forms created and stored in a Lotus (.xfdl) format will no longer be viewable on Carlisle Barracks computers.

ALL forms users must immediately exclusively use only Adobe (.pdf) forms to conduct business.

Department of the Army forms are now available on the Army Publishing Directorate (APD) website, located at  Carlisle Barracks forms and publication users may readily access via the “Quick Links” drop down (CBKS Forms/Pubs link) on the front page of the network homepage.

Installation proponents for locally developed regulations, pamphlets, and policies that include forms must update them to incorporate Adobe forms.

Forms users, who have saved ‘working items,’ i.e., evaluation support forms, in Lotus (.xfdl) format must convert those files to Adobe (pdf) format now, if you have a continuing need to use the information.  Likewise, archived records stored in a Lotus (.xfdl) format that may require access at a later date (after 31 July 2015), must also be converted to Adobe (.pdf) format.

Carlisle Barracks organizations and personnel may refer all questions and concerns to the Carlisle Barracks Publications and Forms Manager, Mr. Mark Bowser, telephone 245-4201, email, office Bldg 122 (Root Hall) Room B02.

Opportunities for all to welcome new students, families to community

Post youth and their families take part in the Carlisle Barracks Elementary School Age Ice Cream Social at the Sgt. Andrew McConnell Youth Center last week. The event is just one of many for new students and their families to learn more about their new community.  


Opportunities abound for new Army War College students and their families to learn more about their new community during a series of welcome events over the next few weeks. Check out the list below, the Banner Online at, the on-post digital signage and the Community Calendar at

July 31 - ACS 50th Birthday Celebration July 31, 4 - 7 p.m. Pool Pavilion

Army Community Services will celebrate their 50th birthday at the Pool Pavilion. Come join them for free food, ice cream, games for kids, free neck/shoulder massages, and giveaways including tickets to Hershey Park and the LVCC and Tiki Bar. The pool will be open for free as well.  

Aug. 3-7- Vacation Bible School at Post Chapel

One of the first opportunities for kids to get to know each other before the school year is the annual Vacation Bible School at the post chapel, which is set for Aug. 3- 7 this year. The program is aimed at children aged 4 through 6thgrade. Kids can be registered at the post chapel at 455 Mara Circle.

This year’s theme is Hometown Nazareth, where Jesus was a kid. Children step back in time at Hometown Nazareth, exploring what it was like to live in the town where Jesus grew up. Kids participate in a memorable Bible-times marketplace, sing catchy songs, play teamwork-building games, dig into Bible-times snacks, visit Jesus’ mom, Mary, and collect Bible Memory Makers to remind them of God’s Word.

For more information call 245-3318.

6- Local School Orientation

Held in the Army War College’s Bliss Hall, a local school district orientation for parents will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Representatives from local school districts will be on hand to provide an introduction to their schools and answer questions from parents during breakout sessions.

7- Carlisle to host ‘Welcome Jam’ for new War College families as part of First Friday event

The Carlisle Community will unofficially welcome the Class of 2016 and their Families during a Restaurant Walk & Welcome Jam from 5 to 8 p.m.  There will be food tasting, live music, activities for the whole family and more. Area restaurants will have a priced fixed menu and specials as part of their “First Friday” events, which run during the summer.

Families are encouraged to “check in” at the Downtown Carlisle Association tent on the square for a map of downtown and the opportunity win prizes good at local restaurants and businesses.

A kids alley will be held as part of the event featuring games, music and more.

The first 50 Families to check in at the Downtown Carlisle Association are eligible to receive a $10 gift card good at any local restaurant.

10-14- British Soccer Camp
The annual camp is designed for kids of all ages from 3 to 16. Each day includes individual foot skills, technical drills, tactical practices, small-sided games, coached scrimmages and daily tournaments. For more information visit

12- County fair is your key to community services, opportunities

County Fair, Aug. 12 from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., is a great one-day opportunity for newcomers to check out the activities located on Carlisle Barracks, and the businesses and organizations in the Carlisle area. More than 150 organizations participate in this event from area restaurants, churches, specialty stores, news outlets and non-profit organizations, to post activities and services providing information on fitness classes, youth sports, trips and equipment rental, medical services, child care and more. You can find out more by visiting their booths at the LVCC, Jim Thorpe Gym and Lovell Ave.

14- Class of 2016 Convocation

The 10-month graduate-level program for the Class of ’16 will officially begin with a convocation ceremony in Bliss Hall starting at 8 a.m.

14- Class of 2016 Opening Ceremony

Join your fellow students, staff and faculty of the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks for a memorable set of presentations:  a drill team demonstration by the U.S. Army 3rd Infantry Regiment, the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps traditional performance, and a concert by the U.S. Army Band - Pershing's Own, followed by a retreat ceremony Aug. 12 at 4 p.m. The official Class of 2016 Opening Ceremony reflects Army heritage even as it looks forward, underscoring the significance, privilege and responsibility placed by the Army in the students selected for study at the Army War College, the Army’s center for strategic thought.

14- Welcome Picnic and Boatyard Wars

Immediately following the Opening Ceremony, the Welcome Picnic and Boatyard Wars is a family-friendly event for Army War College students and their families to get to know each other and engage in friendly competition. A rain-or-shine event held at the pavilion behind the Letort View Community Center, features a BBQ buffet, a “kids corner” featuring a bounce house, coloring contest and more. Tickets are $12 for adults, $6 for kids 5-12, 4 and under are free. For more information visit








19- Emergency Services Open House

The annual event includes police and fire fighting equipment displays, and child ID cards.  McGruff the Crime Dog and Sparky the Fire Dog will also drop by at the event from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.

21- Kids Day at McConnell Center

MWR will host Kids Day on Aug. 21, 2:30- 5:30 p.m. for children of all ages to get to know each other and to know about post activities designed just for them at the Sgt. Andrew McConnell Youth Center.

21- “Jim Thorpe All American” featured at outdoor film knight

Bring your lawn chairs and coolers for a free outdoor movie featuring on of the most decorated athletes in American history and former Carlisle Indian Industrial School student Jim Thorpe on Indian Field. “Gates” open at 7 p.m., with the movie starting around 8:15 p.m. (or dusk). All attendees will receive free candy and popcorn and other snacks will be available. The movie serves as the kick-off to the Strategic Art Film Program, which runs throughout the academic year.

24- First day of school, Carlisle School District

26- Carlisle Barracks Spouses’ Club Super Sign Up

Held at the LVCC from 10 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. learn more about the opportunites available with the Spouses Club. For more information

College appoints renowned historian as 1st Chair of War Studies

Aug. 5, 2015 -- The U.S. Army War College has appointed an internationally recognized historian of World Wars I and II as its inaugural Chair of War Studies.

Dr. Michael S. Neiberg is a prolific writer, researcher, lecturer, and historical commentator who is committed equally to teaching and research. Moving between military and academic worlds, Neiberg’s work has been to make the history of warfare and international relations relevant to policy makers and practitioners. He will bring to the position an understanding of history and the practitioner’s perspective – specifically, what the Army War College students need to understand.

Neiberg is currently the Henry L. Stimson Chair of History in the Department of National Security and Strategy at the United States Army War College. His published work focuses on the American and French experiences in the two world wars. His most recent book on World War I is Dance of the Furies: Europe and the Outbreak of World War I (Harvard University Press, 2011). The Wall Street Journal recently named it one of the five best books ever written about the war. In October, 2012 Basic Books published his The Blood of Free Men, a history of the liberation of Paris in 1944. In May, 2015 Basic published his Potsdam: The End of World War II and the Remaking of Europe. He is currently at work on a history of American responses to the Great War, 1914-1917.

"World War I is something that happened a century ago but is, clearly, still affecting the world we live and the way the United States responds to it,” said Neiberg about linking past, present, and future. “As we are a century away from that event, it’s given us time and space to recognize patterns and to see the ways that the experience of World War I is more relevant to us today than we may at first have thought.”

“To understand where you are in the process of national security, you need to know where you and the rest of the world have been,” said Neiberg.

“The Chair of War Studies was established to produce cutting-edge scholarship that influences national security policy, military strategy, and the Army War College curriculum,” said Dr. Lance Betros, Army War College Provost. “Mike was selected from a deep pool of highly talented applicants. He stood out because of his conspicuous excellence in teaching, scholarship, and service to the institution and the Army.”

“In his new position, he will be able to focus these talents to help strengthen our educational and research programs and engage in outreach activities,” said Betros. “This is a great win for the Army War College.”

As the Chair of War Studies, Neiberg will reach out to external centers of research and study to align the Army War College’s work with the best practices of research and analysis in the United States and abroad. “We come at issues from a land-power and national security lens, while those in think tanks and universities may use a different set of perspectives,” he said. “There’s a lot we can learn from each other through the exchange of ideas about defining America’s national security challenges and the range of options to deal with those challenges.”

Neiberg comes from a family of teachers and wants to stay close to the classroom as the chair. “That’s what I came into this line of work to do, and that remains an important part of the job,” he said. “I’m here because people were willing to mentor me, willing to go out of their way and willing to take a chance on me. “I hope to have impact on students beyond the classroom and give students the analytical tools they can use after they leave,” he said of the senior military officers who study at the Army War College.

“I think my contribution to this will be ‘historizing’ these problems so we can understand these problems more deeply than today’s headlines," said Neiberg. “I’ll make whatever I do as international as possible because the problems we’re dealing with involve a rapidly changing world – and history is our best guide to that world,” he added.

The Chair of War Studies is made possible through a gift from the non-profit Army War College Foundation.

The Army War College provides strategic education of senior military leaders and Army strategists. It’s best known for the Master’s of Strategic Studies program offered to 1200 resident and distance students annually. Those students include select senior US military colonels and lieutenant colonels, senior federal civilians and international officers. Hundreds of students, annually, participate in specialized educational courses at the strategic level. The School’s courses apply the expertise of full-time faculty and specialists from across the Army War College’s centers of history, research, wargaming, and international peacekeeping and stability operations.

Carlisle Barracks, local community welcome the U.S. Army War College class of 2016

The resident class of 2016 has arrived, and as of next week will begin the seminar learning experience. The class of 381 represents a cross-section of the joint, interagency and multinational national security environment they’ll rejoin after graduation, June 2016. The student body is divided into 24 seminars, each comprising US military officers from the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines. One lucky seminar will get the lone Coast Guard officer and each seminar will have three International Fellows and one civilian student.

Carlisle Barracks, Army War College and the Carlisle-area community began welcoming the resident class of 2016 this week. Seminar sessions begin Aug. 10, and Convocation and Opening Ceremonies on Aug. 14 mark the formal beginning of the academic year. At convocation, the academic leadership greets the student body and introduces the USAWC faculty. At Opening Ceremony at 5 p.m., Aug. 14, the Army’s ceremonial units will herald the new class: Fife and Drum Corps, U.S. Army Drill Team and U.S. Army Concert Band.

Students’ first stop is inprocessing

Centralized in-processing for the U.S. students is underway with more than 15 on-post agencies involved in making the process as smooth as possible. Students were able to do some pre arrival in-processing online, but there are areas that cannot

Lisa Fetterly (right) helps an incoming Army War College student with her travel voucher while other G8 staff members help others behind her during their in processing, Collins Hall, Aug. 3.

be completed until arriving. Students get help with such things as their travel vouchers through the Defense Travel System, have photos taken for the college directory, and ensure they have network access for school work through the Network Enterprise Center. “We are here to make it as easy and enjoyable as possible,” said Randy Carpenter, supervisor of the Personnel Administration Center.

“Three years ago we just gave them a checklist and set them off and they often returned with questions and unfinished checklist,” he said. “Now with the CIP, they are in and out in about an hour.”

Christine Cormier (front) and Nellie Funk of the school liaison office help Army War College students during their in processing, Collins Hall, Aug 3.

Students meet, greet fellow students, families, community

Welcome jams were held for high school students on July 28, middle school students on July 29 and an ice cream social for elementary school children was held July 30. More than 100 are participating in the Vacation Bible School this week. The early focus of families and post is to orient children to the new neighborhood and start new friendships. For parents, a school orientation will be held Aug. 6 in the Bliss Hall, from 2 to 4 p.m. Representatives from local school districts will be on hand to answer questions from parents.

Next week, the County Fair is an information fair, introducing newcomers to all post activities and connecting newcomers with key businesses and organizations in the community, Aug. 12, 9 a.m. – 2 p.m. The Family Welcome Picnic is scheduled to follow Opening Ceremony, Aug. 14, 5:30 p.m. – 9:30 p.m. brings seminars and families together so by the end of the first two weeks of August, no one is a stranger.

File photo, 2014 county fair, Jim Thorpe Gym, Carlisle Barracks.

Carlisle does its part to welcome new students and faculty by extending invitations to the Restaurant Walk & Welcome Jam Friday, Aug. 7 from 5 to 8 p.m. The Welcome Jam will allow new families to tour downtown businesses and enjoy the festival.


Class composition

The 29 Civilian Students represent Department of the Army, Defense Intelligence agency, Defense Senior Leader Development program, Department of Defense, Department of Home Land Security, Inter Agency and United States States Agency for International Development.

The 79 International Fellows are senior military officers representing: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Australia, Bangladesh, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria (2), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia (2), Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria (2), Norway, Pakistan (2), Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Saudi Arabia (3), Senegal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zambia.

The US military officers include 171 active Army, 48 Army Reserve and National Guard, 26 Air Force, 1 Coast Guard, 16 Marine Corps, and 11 Navy.

David Vergun, Army News Service

50 years ago: Army executes rapid buildup in Vietnam

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Aug. 3, 2015) -- In early 1965, about 50,000 U.S. troops, mostly advisors, were in South Vietnam. By the end of 1966, that number had grown to 385,000 with the majority being Army and by that time, they were on the offensive, said Frank L. Jones.

Jones, a professor at the U.S. Army War College, authored a pamphlet, “Buying Time: 1965-1966”  just published by the Army's Center of Military History.


UH-1 aircraft of the 229th Assault Helicopter Battalion carry wounded 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, Soldiers away during the fight for LZ X-Ray in the Ia Drang Valley of Vietnam.

The rapid buildup was not really part of the original strategy, Jones said. The U.S. advisors, including some 1,200 Green Berets, were there to buy time to train up the South Vietnamese, who would then carry the fight to the enemy on their own initiative.

But things weren't going well. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson's administration and military leaders became aware that South Vietnam was on the verge of collapse, Jones said. Insurgents controlled about half of South Vietnam, along with about a third of the population.

Furthermore, South Vietnamese forces were not showing a willingness to fight and many were deserting. There were even concerns that Saigon could fall unless more U.S. troops were sent in to bolster the country. The role was beginning to change from advise and assist to offensive action.

Johnson, who was a senator during the Korean War, remembered how President Harry S. Truman had been castigated by the Republicans for "losing" China. "That stayed in his memory," Jones said. He didn't want Saigon to fall on his watch.

Furthermore, the U.S. saw the world divided into communist and non-communist countries. There were concerns that if South Vietnam fell to the communist North, other countries in Southeast Asia would follow.

Back home, not a lot of attention was being paid to the rapid buildup of U.S. forces, sometimes called the "Americanization" of South Vietnam, Jones said. Johnson's "Great Society" and civil rights legislation, as well as the space program were taking much of the spotlight.

As the buildup continued, U.S. forces were joined by those from Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, the Philippines and Thailand. This was known as the "Many Flags" campaign.

Notably absent, Jones said, were NATO allies. They already had concerns about the Soviets to their east and were apprehensive about the new U.S. focus in Southeast Asia.


On Feb. 7, 1965, the Viet Cong attacked the U.S. base at Pleiku in the Central Highlands. This led to Johnson authorizing the use of strategic bombing of the North by the U.S. Air Force, an operation known as Rolling Thunder. A series of small ground battles ensued throughout the countryside as well.

Also that year, the newly-formed 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) was deployed to South Vietnam. While the helicopter had seen use in the Korean War for medevac and small troop movement, the strategy of moving larger formations by air really got its start in 1965, Jones said.

The concept of air mobility, or massive movement by helicopter, came about following the Howze Board studies, chaired by Gen. Hamilton H. Howze and overseen by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1962.

Besides airlifting Soldiers, the experiments carried out included using helicopter gunships and using heavier helicopters like the CH-47 to airlift artillery. The UH-1 Huey, a light helicopter, was relied upon to do much of the troop carrying and also serve as gunships. This was a major doctrinal change for the Army, Jones said.

In November 1965, 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment, participated in the Ia Drang Valley Campaign, the most well-known battle at the time. The Soldiers were ferried into position using helicopters.

A reason there were fewer pitched battles than in previous wars is because the enemy, especially the insurgents, knew the terrain well and were elusive, Jones said. North Vietnamese Army troops would come in through Laos and Cambodia via the Ho Chi Minh Trail network and fan out below the jungle canopy, hiding weapons in caches. A lot of the work done by Soldiers at this time was locating and destroying these caches.

The Army never officially entered Laos and Cambodia during this period, Jones said. This was a time of limited or restrained warfare. The Johnson administration didn't want to pull the Chinese and Soviets directly into the fighting and risk escalation into a larger conflict with the potential for nuclear weapons being used.

By 1966, Johnson became concerned that counterinsurgency, called "pacification," was getting short-shrift compared with applications of conventional force, Jones said. Gen. William C. Westmoreland, commander of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, or MACV, began to pay more attention to "pacification" efforts. MACV controlled all U.S. ground forces in Vietnam.

Pacification or nation-building involved strengthening local government, rebuilding and goodwill efforts with the local populace so they'd support the efforts of South Vietnam. Today, as was the case then, these activities would be part of an interagency effort, Jones said.

One of the most underreported events of 1965 to 1966 was the massive logistical effort by the U.S. Army, Jones said. Sustaining such a large force, thousands of miles from home, was a huge undertaking.

Further, a massive engineering effort was needed to build port facilities and climate-controlled structures at various bases, he said. The U.S. Corps of Engineers was a large part of that undertaking.

The Soldiers doing the fighting and supporting the logistical effort were a mixture of enlistees and conscripts, Jones said.

Unlike the Korean War, the Army Reserve was not called up in 1965 and 1966. Johnson was concerned that should he do so, he'd lose backing for the war at home, as the military would seem to be losing control.

By 1965 and 1966, the protest movement had started, but it was still nowhere near in size to the protests that would erupt later in the war.

A number of company- and field-grade officers who served in Vietnam in 1965 and 1966 would later lead the Army in the late 1980s and 1990s.

Maj. H. Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. was one such officer who served in Pleiku and other areas advising and assisting the South Vietnamese, earning two Silver Star Medals in the process.

In 1991, by then, a general, he led coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War. Schwarzkopf advocated defeating the enemy quickly and with overwhelming force, which his troops did, liberating Kuwait in a matter of days. It was unlike his experience in Vietnam, Jones said.

For a look at earlier involvement in Vietnam, see Richard Stewart's pamphlet: "The Deepening Involvement: 1945-1965" on the CMH website. A future pamphlet on the later years of the Vietnam War is planned.

By Jessica Ryan, U.S. Army Installation Management Command
ACS enhances military lives for 50 years

SAN ANTONIO (July 7, 2015) – In 1967, Hester Ruth Francis was living with her parents in a dilapidated, three-room cabin in rural Kentucky while her husband, Pvt. Sterling R. Francis, was stationed in South Korea. The cabin did not even have indoor plumbing or central heat.

Money was clearly an issue for the Francis couple -- especially with a newborn on the way. Hester already accrued out-of-pocket medical expenses and needed a military identification card to receive necessary health benefits. Unable to travel to obtain her card, she contacted the Army, specifically the Commander-in-Chief, to see what could be done.

Army Community Service at Fort Knox, Kentucky, stepped in. An emergency mission, dubbed “Operation Tomahawk” (named after Hester’s town of Tomahawk, Kentucky) assigned Maj. Raymond M. Marsh, the ACS center chief, and a photographer to travel to her home -- via 17th Air Cavalry helicopter. Bringing along a typewriter, laminating machine and a camera with instant film processing capabilities, Marsh produced and issued her an ID card in her kitchen.

Days later, she gave birth to a healthy baby boy.

This is one of the first publicized stories of ACS’s remarkable commitment and service to Soldiers and their Family members. This month, the program will celebrate its 50th birthday. While the military community’s have evolved over the years, ACS is still dedicated to its motto: “Real-Life Solutions for Successful Army Living.”

“ACS is a group of professionals dedicated to relieving some of the burden our Soldiers and their Families carry every day,” said Stephanie L. Hoehne, the G9 Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation director for the U.S. Army Installation Management Command.

“Our ACS centers are staffed with people who live the ideal of taking care of the Army Family.”

The program’s formal conception started in the early 1960s. By then, services like Army Emergency Relief already existed. However, as the military entered into the Vietnam War, the needs of Soldiers and their Family members changed.

Lt. Gen. J.L. Richardson, Army Deputy Chief of Staff Personnel, took action to establish an official “Family assistance” program in 1963. He requested a qualified officer to develop a plan for the program’s creation. Lt. Col. Emma Marie Baird, who was assigned to the AER and Personnel Affairs Office during World War II, was selected for the position. She began to establish a program addressing military Families’ growing needs.  The program’s philosophy, however, would be of evaluation, not revolution.

 “Emerging needs can be met, and services no longer needed discarded, to ensure that each program is adapted to the requirements and resources of the specific Army community,” she said in her 1986 paper entitled, “Army Community Service History.”

Under the guidance of AR 608-1, the ACS Regulation, the Army developed programming based on military Families’ diverse needs. From 1965 to 1981, programs such as the Handicapped Dependents Program (now called Exceptional Family Member Program) and the Child Advocacy Program (now evolved into the Family Advocacy Program) were created.

The 1980s was also a time where Army leadership brought Family care issues to the forefront. In 1983, Gen. John A. Wickham, Jr., the Chief of Staff of the Army, wrote a white paper entitled “The Army Family” to address how Family members’ support was important to the mission. His paper led to Army Family Action Plan, a grassroots initiative for identifying and prioritizing issues to enhance standards of living for Soldiers and their Families. Other programs such as the Financial Readiness Program, Volunteer Coordinator Program (now the Army Volunteer Corps), and the Relocation Assistance or Relocation Readiness Program were established in this decade.

The following decade brought the development of Army Family Team Building, a program where Soldiers, Families and Civilian employees could learn about the Army culture, professional development and leadership skills.

Marie Balocki, the executive director for the Department of Defense Office for Reintegration Programs, recalled AFTB’s early years. A military spouse and mother of three young children, she answered a newspaper ad for an AFTB office manager position at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Her duties included logging the instructors’ hours, scheduling classes, and filling in when instructors are absent. To fully understand her volunteers’ needs, she signed up for instructor training. It sounded like a great opportunity except for one caveat: She was “scared to death” to give presentations in front of people.

Looking back, Balocki remarked on how AFTB changed her life.

“The foundation that I got from AFTB is what gave me the confidence and skills needed for each step I have taken [in my professional career]," she said.

As the new millennium started, ACS programming evolved to meet the needs of a more technologically advanced and geographically dispersed society. Army OneSource, a web portal with program resources, launched in 2008. Other online resources such as Virtual Army Family Readiness Groups also became available.

The 2000s was also a time of major conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. This impacted military Families as more wounded Soldiers came home.

Development of Soldier and Family Assistance Centers, facilities providing direct support for the Medical Command’s Warrior Care and Transition Program and Warrior Transition Unit Soldiers and their Families, began in 2007.

Sgt. Christopher Robbins and his wife Amy used the SFAC services at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, after Robbins sustained injuries from his deployment. The SFAC staff members helped the Family by relieving common stressors in the recovery process.  

“The SFAC staff members set us up with childcare during my husband’s medical appointments. They also planned activities to make our Family feel special,” Amy said. “We would still be lost in the dark if it wasn’t for their help and assistance.”

Another need increased by a decade of conflict was assistance for surviving Family members. In 2008, Survivor Outreach Services was established to work alongside Casualty and Mortuary Affairs and Casualty Assistance Centers across the Army to provide long-term care for these Family members.

Today, there are 75 ACS centers worldwide in addition to 25 SFACs and eight standalone SOS centers.

“Just as we supported Ms. Hester Francis in 1967, ACS will be there with the Army Family and adapt to meet their needs,” said Lynn McCollum, the G9 Family Programs director at IMCOM.

“As we celebrate the 50th birthday, we will continue that original mission to help our Army Families remain Army Strong.”

August is Antiterrorism Awareness Month

What is it?

August marks the Army's sixth annual observance of Antiterrorism Awareness Month. The terrorist threats faced today are as complex as they have been at any time in the nation's history. These threats are persistent and constantly evolving as evidenced by the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The Army's antiterrorism program protects personnel, information, and facilities in all locations and situations against terrorist activities. The purpose of Antiterrorism Awareness Month is to instill Army-wide heightened awareness and vigilance to protect Army communities from acts of terrorism.

Why is it important to the Army?

Awareness of terrorist threats and an understanding of unit-level and personal protective measures remain paramount. The focus areas for Antiterrorism Awareness Month includes recognizing and reporting suspicious activity, participating in antiterrorism training, countering insider threats, and becoming familiar with the risks associated with the use of social media.

What is the Army doing?

In light of recent terrorist activities around the world, leaders at all levels should emphasize the importance of suspicious activity reporting and the need for sustained antiterrorism awareness involving the use of social media and protecting personally identifiable information. In addition, the senior leadership of the Army encourages all leaders to make continuous improvements within antiterrorism plans and programs in order to guard our communities against persistent terrorist threats.

In support of an active AT awareness campaign, the Department of the Army, Office of the Provost Marshal General (OPMG) develops products and tools to support the field. These products are available on the Army OPMG Antiterrorism Enterprise Portal (see resources below).

In addition, to commemorate the attacks of 9/11, the Office of Provost Marshal General (Antiterrorism Branch) is establishing an antiterrorism information booth in the Pentagon from Aug. 18-20, 2015, to share information with members of the Army staff as well as other Pentagon tenants. Army commands are encouraged to conduct similar community outreach efforts to help spread the message about the threat the military personnel face and the protective measures.

Carlisle Barracks celebrates 50 years of Army Community Service


Games, food and fun were on the menu for the Carlisle Barracks celebration of the 50th Birthday of Army Community Services. Find more photos at www.facebook/com/usawc

A packed pool pavilion was the scene as Army War College students, their families, other post residents and employees took part in games, swam in the pool and took a turn on the “slip and slide”  -- all part of the 50th Anniversary celebration for Army Community Services.

Founded on July 25, 1965, Army Community Services provides programs that help improve the readiness, resilience and self-sufficiency of the Total Army Family worldwide.

Here at Carlisle Barracks, a dedicated team provides those services.

“The majority of the staff are either retired military or a military spouse so they have an acute understanding of the military lifestyle and the sacrifices our Soldiers and Family members make on a daily basis,” said Becky Myers, Carlisle Barracks ACS director. “They continually go above and beyond; staying late to accommodate clients wanting to use the computer lab, coming into work on federal holidays to accommodate clients; working weekends to support our local military units at Fort Indiantown Gap, Harrisburg Recruiting Battalion, ARNG, just to name a few.”

The call of duty and love for helping others is the best part of working for ACS, according to Myers.

“I became a Social Worker because I have a passion for helping people and making a difference in their lives,” she said. “My father was in the Navy and I understand some of the special challenges faced by our military families.  I have worked at several installations, both CONUS and OCONUS, which has given me a better understanding of the stressors families face moving multiple times throughout their careers.  I have also worked at IMCOM G9 and HQ DA and came back to Carlisle because I missed working directly with Soldiers and Families. 

My passion is working directly with Families.”

Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp, Army War College Commandant, Lt. Col. Greg Ank, Garrison Commander and Command Sgt. Maj. Nelson Maldonado thank Becky Myers, ACS director, for her leadership during the ceremony. The ACS staff in attendance was also recognized for their contributions to the Carlisle Barracks community and the Army.

The program’s formal conception started in the early 1960s. By then, services like Army Emergency Relief already existed. However, as the military entered into the Vietnam War, the needs of Soldiers and their Family members changed.

Lt. Gen. J.L. Richardson, Army Deputy Chief of Staff Personnel, took action to establish an official “Family assistance” program in 1963. He requested a qualified officer to develop a plan for the program’s creation. Lt. Col. Emma Marie Baird, who was assigned to the AER and Personnel Affairs Office during World War II, was selected for the position. She began to establish a program addressing military Families’ growing needs.  The program’s philosophy, however, would be of evaluation, not revolution.

 “Emerging needs can be met, and services no longer needed discarded, to ensure that each program is adapted to the requirements and resources of the specific Army community,” she said in her 1986 paper entitled, “Army Community Service History.”

As the new millennium started, ACS programming evolved to meet the needs of a more technologically advanced and geographically dispersed society. Army OneSource, a web portal with program resources, launched in 2008. Other online resources such as Virtual Army Family Readiness Groups also became available.

The 2000s was also a time of major conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. This impacted military Families as more wounded Soldiers came home.

Myers brought her ACS team up front during the celebration so they could be recognized for what they do every day for our community.

Development of Soldier and Family Assistance Centers, facilities providing direct support for the Medical Command’s Warrior Care and Transition Program and Warrior Transition Unit Soldiers and their Families, began in 2007.

Today, there are 75 ACS centers worldwide in addition to 25 SFACs and eight standalone SOS centers.

Some of the services offered by ACS here include:

  • Army Emergency Relief (AER) offers emergency financial assistance to all military personnel, active, retired and their Family members. 
  • Army Family Action Plan (AFAP) allows everyone the opportunity to submit their issues which will be presented to Army leadership.  It is a process that lets Soldiers and Families say what’s working, and what isn’t – AND what they think will fix it. 
  • Army Family Team Building (AFTB) is an official Army training program that helps develop ready Families and ready Soldiers.  This program contributes to unit, mission environment and lifestyle by providing them with information, knowledge and skills vital to the readiness of the force. 
  • Army Volunteer Corps (AVC) provides assistance in the recruitment, training and recognition of installation volunteers and maintains a database of volunteer positions available on the installation.   
  • Employment Readiness Program (ERP) provides up-to-date support services which help customers make informed decisions when seeking employment.           
  • Exceptional Family Member Program (EFMP) is a mandatory enrollment support program that works with other military and civilian agencies to provide coordinated medical, educational, housing, community support and personnel services to Soldiers who have a special needs Family member.
  • Family Advocacy Program (FAP) builds healthy Families and sustains strong communities by providing comprehensive approaches to prevention, identification, and intervention of child and spouse abuse in military Families.  The program offers classes on parenting, anger management, stress management, marriage enrichment and others available upon request.   
  • Financial Readiness Program (FRP) offers classes on checkbook management, money management, and budgeting.  Information is available on several other financially related topics of interest to military Families.  Other classes are available upon request.
  • Information, Referral & Follow-up Program (IR&F) is designed to link service members and their Family members with other military and civilian helping agencies.
  • Military & Family Life Consultant Program (MFLC) offers confidential short term, situational, problem-solving counseling services to service members and their families. Service can be provided to individuals, couples, families and groups. 
  • Mobilization & Deployment Readiness Program is designed to provide resources and support to units, Soldiers and Families in preparing for pre-deployment, deployment and post-deployment. 
  • Relocation Readiness Program provides assistance in transition by maintaining current information on installations worldwide and operating a lending closet for temporary use of basic household items.
  • Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) Program is committed to eliminating sexual harassment and sexual assault by creating a climate that respects the dignity of every member of the Army Family.  The SHARP program reinforces the Army’s commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive policy that centers on awareness and prevention, training and education, victim advocacy, response, reporting, and accountability.
  • Soldier for Life (Transition) Program highlights the Soldier "lifecycle" with four points: "start strong, serve strong, reintegrate strong, and remain strong."  The program helps transitioning and retiring Soldiers with real-life employment skills and provides veteran’s with information on benefits, education opportunities, and other tools for success in life after the Army.
  • Survivor Outreach Services (SOS) connects survivors with people who can help you move forward and find strength.  Many times after you have lost a loved one, there are unresolved issues or questions that may surface months or years after the loss.  We are there to help and provide you with needed resources.  SOS demonstrates the Army’s commitment to Families of the Fallen. 
  • Victim Advocate assists those who are victims of domestic violence.  This includes safety planning, protective orders, community resource information and referrals. 


For more information on ACS services here visit  


Three things to know during Anti-terrorism Awareness Month

Each year, the Army sets aside August to raise awareness of its ongoing efforts to protect Soldiers and their families, Department of the Army civilians and contractors from terrorist threats.

Here are a few things to always keep in mind:

1. The threat is real.

According to a recent article by the Heritage Foundation, there have been 60 terrorist plots against the U.S., since 9/11. Their research of media reports and court documents shows that military facilities were the number one target in these plots, followed by New York City and places with mass gatherings, such as the Boston Marathon.

"Our enemies never rest and continue to seek ways to attack our nation and destroy our way of life. AT month provides us an opportunity to contribute to the defense against terrorism and keep our families and communities safe through training and awareness," explained Col. Mike Blahovec, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command's protection director.

2. Awareness is critical.

Knowledge is power, and just like in the National Football League, defense wins championships. As part of the awareness month, every member of the Army team is required to take the online AT Level I Awareness Training course.

The online course is located at

To further enhance awareness, every Soldier within TRADOC, and all new civilian hires, are required to receive face-to-face AT Level I training, according to Jim Kirkland, TRADOC's anti-terrorism officer.

3. See something - Say something

Sometimes seemingly benign -- but odd -- situations can lead to terrible consequences, if they go unreported.

According to Kirkland, the "See Something -- Say Something" motto has contributed to preventing planned attacks. For example, an alert citizen in Minnesota recently noticed someone crossing her yard to a storage area. She reported the suspicious activity, and a 17 year old was charged with attempted murder, possessing explosives and attempted damage to property. He possessed six bombs, seven weapons, and 400 rounds of ammunition, and planned to kill his family and classmates.

"We are all in this fight together," says Bill Moisant, TRADOC's G-34 protection chief.

"Our Soldiers and their families know what they've signed up for, and they know the type of business we are in, but we can all help watch each other's back. AT Awareness Month focuses on training; this is critical in protecting our people and enabling our missions. Awareness is our most certain defense against an act of terrorism. If you see something - say something."

County fair is your key to community services, opportunities

County Fair, Aug. 12 from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., is a great one-day opportunity for newcomers to check out the activities located on Carlisle Barracks, and the businesses and organizations in the Carlisle area. More than 150 organizations participate in this event from area restaurants, churches, specialty stores, news outlets and non-profit organizations, to post activities and services providing information on fitness classes, youth sports, trips and equipment rental, medical services, child care and more.

Summer Sense Campaign -Problem Gambling: “The Hidden Addiction”

Manipulated, deceit, anger, worry; these are a few words that describe what a family member feels when someone they love has a gambling problem. Problem gambling is an addiction and it not only hurts the individual who has the problem but it also hurts everyone around them.  March is National Problem Gambling Month.  The National Council on Problem Gambling (NCPG) states that, “problem gambling includes all gambling behavior patterns that compromise, disrupt, or damage, personal, family, or vocational pursuits.”

The problem gambler can get the same effect from gambling as someone else may get from an alcoholic beverage or drug.  Gambling can cause a person’s frame of mind to be shifted and they begin to chase that feeling.  This tends to cause a craving for the problem gambler and it can become more and more difficult for them to curb the craving. The problem gambler may feel the need to continue to gamble in order to ‘win’ their money back.

Obviously problem gambling can have a huge impact on one’s financial stability.  This can lead to ruined relationships with family, friends, co-workers, etc.  The problem gambler can become depressed and have suicidal thoughts.  According to the NCPG, “problem gamblers have the highest rate of suicide among any other addictive disorder.”

The following are a few things you can look for if you suspect someone you know or care about has a gambling problem.  The individual could have a difficult time concentrating.  They can appear frustrated and angry. Lying will become more and more frequent. They may start to miss work.  The person could begin to worry about their debts and how they are going to pay for them.

 It is important to know that gambling can happen to anyone, regardless of their age, gender, ethnicity, etc. You may feel the need to help someone out who has a gambling problem but enabling the person will not help them in the long run.  In fact “bailing out” a problem gambler can make the problem worse. 

If you or someone you care about has a gambling problem and you would like additional information on problem gambling, please call Cumberland Perry Drug and Alcohol Commission at 717-240-6300.  The Commission can help to connect you with helping resources.  Often known as the “hidden addiction” due to lack of awareness, the Commission can also provide training and education for any group, youth or adult, who is interested in learning more about this emerging problem.  Additional information can be found at

For additional information and/or resources contact Army Substance Abuse Prevention at 245 – 4576.

Jaime Yingling - Jaime is a Program Specialist with the Cumberland Perry MH/IDD Program and member of the Cumberland-Perry Substance Abuse Prevention Coalition

A Gambling Awareness Training will be held on Friday, 28 August, 1130 – 1300, room 202, building 46, Anne Ely Hall. This training is designed to raise awareness on the negative effects of gambling. All are encouraged to attend. Sponsored by USAG HHD.