Banner Archive for July 2015

Summer Sense Campaign - Dangers of Second Hand Smoke

More than 58 million nonsmokersin the United States are still exposed to secondhand smoke, even though cigarette smoking rates are dropping and many states prohibit smoking in public places such as worksites, restaurants, and bars. In all, about 1 of every 4 nonsmokers is exposed to the dangerous chemicals in secondhand smoke.

Young children and African-Americans are more likely to be exposed to secondhand smoke than many other population groups.

  • 2 in 5 children (aged 3 to 11 years), including 7 in 10 Black children (aged 3 to 11 years), are exposed, as are
  • Nearly half of all Black nonsmokers.

Breathing secondhand smoke is also more common for renters and people at lower income levels, including:

  • 2 in 5 people who live in poverty
  • More than 1 in 3 people who live in rental housing

Secondhand smoke exposure occurs when nonsmokers breathe in tobacco smoke exhaled by smokers or when they breathe the smoke from burning tobacco products. The Environmental Protection Agencyhas classified secondhand smoke as a Group A carcinogen—an agent that is known to cause cancer in humans—and the Surgeon General has concluded that there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke.

Secondhand smoke contains dangerous chemicals that can damage the lungs and heart. It is known to cause heart disease and cancer in adult nonsmokers, and even brief exposure can trigger a heart attack or stroke. Secondhand smoke can also cause sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children. Every year, exposure to secondhand smoke causes:

  • 41,000 adult nonsmokers to die from heart disease or lung cancer
  • 400 infants to die from SIDS

Nathan, a lifetime nonsmoker who participated in CDC's Tips From Former Smokers campaign, died at age 54 after years of secondhand smoke exposure where he worked. More than two and a half million nonsmokers have died from exposure to secondhand smoke since 1964.

Smokefree Laws Save Lives, But Many Not Protected

In the last 25 years, 700 cities and 26 states plus the District of Columbia have passed comprehensive laws to protect nonsmokers by prohibiting smoking in indoor workplaces, restaurants, and bars. These local and state laws currently cover about half of the U.S. population and have helped reduce the number of people who are exposed to secondhand smoke.

In buildings without restrictions, smoke from common areas or other units where smoking occurs can seep into smokefree units!

Home Exposure Still a Problem

Even though more than 4 of every 5 households in the United States have adopted smokefree rules, secondhand smoke exposure in the home is still a serious problem. The home remains the major source of secondhand smoke exposure for children. The Surgeon General has indicated that making indoor spaces smokefree is the only way to provide nonsmokers with complete protection from secondhand smoke.

Limiting smoking to specific rooms, opening a window, or using air fresheners or fans is not enough to fully protect individuals in the home, including those who live in multiunit housing such as apartments, condos, and government-funded housing. Many people who live in public housing are especially affected by secondhand smoke, including the elderly, children, and people with disabilities. A few cities have passed laws restricting smoking in multiunit housing and several hundred housing authorities have adopted smokefree policies. However, in buildings without restrictions, smoke from common areas or other units where smoking occurs can seep into smokefree units.

What's the Solution?

There are many ways to protect people from secondhand smoke exposure.

Parentscan ensure their homes and vehicles are smokefree and keep their children away from public places where smoking is allowed. In this video, Jessica, another participant in the Tips From Former Smokers campaign, advises parents on protecting their children from secondhand smoke exposure.

Housing authorities and landlordscan make their properties—especially multiunit buildings—smokefree to protect the health of all residents. For example, all 20 public housing authorities in Maine have made their buildings smokefree.

Cities and statescan pass smokefree laws to protect nonsmokers in all indoor workplaces, restaurants, bars, and casinos, and can work to increase availability of smokefree multiunit housing. In California, 15 counties and citieshave passed ordinances restricting smoking in multiunit housing.
By working together, individuals and communities can eliminate the serious health hazards for nonsmokers that can result from exposure to secondhand smoke.


Information provided by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Army Substance Abuse Program 245 – 4576.


Carlisle Barracks civilian employees, Soldier recognized for excellence

A few members of Team Carlisle were recently recognized for their hard work and dedication by Lt. Col. Greg Ank, garrison commander.

Cora Johnson, Financial Readiness Program Manager at the Army Community Services was presented am Achievement Medal for Civilian Service for her work with Army Emergency Relief and the other financial management program at ACS. She passed the 2015 Army Community Service (ACS) Accreditation evaluation with 100% compliance in the Financial Readiness Program, 100% compliance in Army Emergency Relief and 100% compliance in the Army Family Team Building Program.  The evaluators specifically recognized Johnson as one of the top performing Financial Readiness counselors in the United States Army. 








Tom Vinette, the Installation Antiterrorism Officer, was presented a Commander’s Award for Civilian Service for his work with the posts’ force protection program, which including the establishing of a building managers program and continued implementation of the Random Access Measures throughout the installation.









Spc. Peter Heikkinen, Carlisle Barracks Chaplain Assistant, recently helped design a new motto and logo for the Carlisle Barracks Headquarters Detachment. “Iron Sharpens Iron,” reflects the mutually beneficial relationship that Soldiers and NCO’s have with each other as they continue in the Army careers, through both formal and informal mentorship and professional development.  Capt. Shavayey Cato, HHD Commander and Ank presented him with a certificate of appreciation during the unveiling of the new logo and motto in Shughart Hall.

Carlisle Barracks celebrating Army Chaplain Corps Birthday July 29 with Fun Run, picnic

Come join the Carlisle Barracks Chapel as they celebrate the 240th anniversary of the Army Chaplain Corps on July 29. A fun run is set for 6:30 a.m., starting on Indian Field and a cookout at the pavilion is set for 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. All events are free and designed for the whole family Come out and learn more about the exciting programs and opportunities that await at your post chapel in the coming weeks.

Since July 29, 1775, approximately 25,000 Army Chaplains have served as religious and spiritual leaders for 25 million Soldiers and their Families. From military installations to deployed combat units and from service schools to military hospitals, Army Chaplains and Chaplain Assistants have performed their ministries in the most religiously diverse organization in the world. Always present with their Soldiers in war and in peace, Army Chaplains have served in more than 270 major wars and combat engagements. Nearly 300 Army Chaplains have laid down their lives in battle. Eight members of the Chaplain Corps have been awarded the Medal of Honor. Their love of God, Country and the American Soldier has been a beacon of light and a message of hope for all those who have served our nation. Currently, over 3,000 Chaplains are serving the Total Army representing over 140 different religious organizations.

More Upcoming Chapel events:

Vacation Bible School set for Aug. 3 – 7, sign up today  

One of the first opportunities for kids to get to know each other before the school year is the annual Vacation Bible School at the post chapel, which is set for Aug. 3- 7 this year.

The program is aimed at children aged 4 through 6thgrade. Kids can be registered at the post chapel at 455 Mara Circle.

This year’s theme is Hometown Nazareth, where Jesus was a kid. Children step back in time at Hometown Nazareth, exploring what it was like to live in the town where Jesus grew up. Kids participate in a memorable Bible-times marketplace, sing catchy songs, play teamwork-building games, dig into Bible-times snacks, visit Jesus’ mom, Mary, and collect Bible Memory Makers to remind them of God’s Word.

Each day concludes at Celebration—a time of upbeat worship that gets everyone involved. Kids and adults at Hometown Nazareth will collect nonperishable food for Project Share, a local food bank that helps feed the needy of Carlisle.

Volunteers needed

More than one hundred volunteers help during this event and include adults, college age, and teens 7thgrade and up. For the safety of the children, which is our main priority, all volunteers will be background checked.  If you would like to help out with this event, contact the Chapel at 245-3318.

Ice Cream Social Aug. 16, 4- 6 p.m.

An ice cream social will be held Aug. 16 to welcome both the Catholic and Protestant congregations to the community.



ACS 50th Birthday Celebration July 31, 4 - 7 p.m. Pool Pavilion

Army Community Services will celebrate their 50th birthday at the Pool Pavilion. Come join them for free food, ice cream, games for kids, free neck/shoulder massages, and giveaways including tickets to Hershey Park and the LVCC and Tiki Bar. The pool will be open for free as well. 

In order to prepare for the event, all ACS offices will be closed July 31.

ACS is celebrating their 50th year of providing programs that help improve the readiness, resilience and self-sufficiency of the Total Army Family worldwide. For more information on ACS services here visit  

McHugh offers parting thoughts to the Distance Education Class of 2015

Secretary of the Army John M. McHugh delivered the capstone address to the Army War College student body, July 23 in Bliss Hall, culminating the Distance Education Class of 2015’s 2nd resident phase at Carlisle.

The two-year curriculum formally with the class’s graduation, July 24 at 9 a.m.

McHugh offered parting thoughts about future challenges, and acknowledged the graduating students’ ongoing commitment to developing their own leadership skills to further benefit the Army and the nation.

McHugh delivers the capstone address to the Army War College Distance Education Class of 2015, Bliss Hall, July 23.

 "The kinds of leaders - the kinds of service men and women - we require are those who are able to adapt to a shifting security landscape. These are the sorts of individuals who do not just react to change and uncertainty but lead through it. They do not just manage risk and the unknown.  Rather, they embrace it to generate opportunity. People who know how to take incredibly complex problems and deliver options, not ultimatums,” said McHugh

For two years, the distance education students studied and participated in a multitude of online and virtual student-faculty forums to prepare themselves for future leadership positions in a demanding international security environment with unknown future conditions.

Distance Education Class of 2015 and Army War College Staff listen to Secretary McHugh’s remarks during is capstone address, Bliss Hall, July 23.

McHugh is in his sixth year as Secretary of the Army, with statutory responsibility for all matters impacting 1 million military members and their families, 250 thousand civilian employees, and Army installations worldwide covering more than 13 million acres.  McHugh previously represented northern and central New York State as a 9-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

International Fellows, families see America’s diversity ‘up-close’

 July 21 -- U.S. Army War College International Fellows visited Arlington National Cemetery laying a wreath at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier show their respect to those interned inside, July 21.

The Tomb of the Unknowns is considered by many to be the most sacred area of Arlington National Cemetery. Established after World War I, the Tomb of the Unknowns is the final resting place for 3 unidentified servicemen who represent all those who remain unknown.

Since 1937, the Tomb has been guarded for every second of every day.

Nigerian Col. Charles Nengite (red trimmed hat) along with Brig. Gen. Sokha Sin from Cambodia begin the wreath laying ceremony by moving the wreath to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Standing behind Nengite and Sin are Colombia Col. Juan Correa and Col. Martin Michalk from the Slovak Republic, Arlington National Cemetery, 21 July.

Lancaster-area Amish communities welcomed senior military international officers and their families, giving them the opportunity to learn and observe the cultural diversity and heritage of the United States. The 79 International Fellows are accompanied by 129 family members during this year of study in Carlisle, Pa.

The large group of international officers and families visited Lancaster, Pa. before heading to Philadelphia this week as part of the U.S. Field Studies Program for International Military Students. Each element of the program – Washington DC and Pittsburgh’s Carnegie Mellon University, for example, provide the International Fellows an awareness and understanding of the society, institutions and ideals of the American democratic way of life. 

From left to right, Lt. Col. Mounir Namouch from Tunisia, Vietnamese Lt. Col. Hung Nguyen, Peruvian Col. Mario La Torre, Lt. Col. Djibril Doumbia from Mali and Zambian Col. Amos Zimba pose behind scooters for sale at the Rhiel Farm, Leola, PA., July 15.

“I appreciated the War College for having such a program to see the United States, a first world developed nation, that still has communities of people that live in the traditional way without interference,” said Zambian Col. Amos Zimba. “This has been a great value to see and hear about the Amish people, how they manage to actually fit into a developed nation such as the United States.”

“As a student of the War College, it gives me a better understanding that even back home in Africa, where we have societies that are not as developed and need the government to find ways of integrating -- giving them equal opportunities in terms of security,” said Zimba.

The fellows and families visited an Amish-owned farm, where they toured the farm and barn operations and heard from the farm owner about how he operates a business within Amish customs.  Also on the list were opportunities to interact with those in quilt shops, and other Pennsylvania Dutch Country shopping.

“My trip today has taught me a lot of things, first of all about the Amish conservative community,” said Col. Patrick Mwesigye of Uganda.   “I really did not imagine there are still societies living the old life styles of our ancestors, but it was amazing to see these people still enjoying their life style devoid of modern conveniences.”

International fellows and their families gather in a barn at the Riehl Farm,
Leola, PA., July 15, as Mr. Riehl explains the operations of the barn. The visit
provides the International Fellows an awareness and understanding of the
society, institutions and ideals of the American democratic way of life.

“I would love to have such a community in my country because I have learned a lot. There are some things which I believe are good and I will teach them to my family,” said Mwesigye. “For example: working hard, not expecting everything from the government or handouts from other people. I think that’s a very nice value to have. I have seen that people can live together happily, look after one another and expect from one another and give to one another,” he said.

“I have learned a lot today about different diversities. I have seen their life style and had no idea, they take their life very differently,” said Lucy Nyaga, here with the Kenyan Fellow.  “In Kenya we have a similar tribe that has rejected modern trends to retain most of their traditional ways of life also. I find it a bit strange that Americans live this kind of life. I am surprised.  I never expect this in America,” said Nyaga, whose trip as a family member was funded through a gift from the Army War College Foundation.

Pakistani Brig. Gen. Adnan Khan's daughter pets a work horse at the Riehl farm during the International Fellows and family visit, July 15.

The Fellows and their families will next spend time in Philadelphia, visiting Old Philadelphia, Independence Hall, the Philadelphia Museum of Art and attending a production of “Freedom Rising” that tells the story of the U.S. Constitution, the American Civil War, the Civil Rights movement and other key historical moments in American history. The Fellows will spend some time at Boeing Corporation’s aircraft assembly lines where they’ll engage with corporate executives about the complex process of foreign military sales. 

The following countries are represented in this year’s USAWC Resident Class of 2016: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Australia, Bangladesh, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria (2), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia (2), Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico,  Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria (2), Norway, Pakistan (2), Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Saudi Arabia (3), Senegal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zambia.


Gen. David G. Perkins offers congratulations and words of encouragement
Find photos from the ceremony at
Find videos from the ceremony at
Two years of reading Clausewitz while on vacation, missing soccer games, date nights and trying to find a reliable internet connection downrange to make that last-minute forum post all came to a fruitful end July 24 as the Army War College Distance Education Class of 2015 graduated under a sunny sky on the historic Parade Grounds of Carlisle Barracks.
“What a superb day, not only in terms of the weather, but superb because of the significance of the achievements of these students who have exceled in a tough, but vitally important and relevant program here at the Army War College,” said Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp, Army War College Commandant. “This class exemplifies grit, determination and professionalism. My thanks to you for your great attitude and effort over the past 24 months and to the faculty and staff of the U.S. Army War College for your professionalism and skills as teachers and mentors. Being the gold standard for strategic leader and idea development comes from having a world-class faculty. Thank you.” 
Graduation speaker General David G. Perkins, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, offered congratulations and words of encouragement and challenges for the future.
Gen.  David G. Perkins speaks to the Distance Education Class of 2015
during their graduation ceremony on the historic Carlisle parade ground,
Carlisle Barracks, July 24.
“Your challenge is to take the skills you have learned here, lead from the front and help and develop others,” said Perkins. He said that this event signifies the end of “Phase One” of their careers, the next phase as strategic leaders will be just as important.
“In your next ‘resident phase,’ you will be graded not by the outstanding faculty of the U.S. Army War College, but by those you lead every day,” he said. “You have to take these attributes and turn them into competencies. You have to do this every day for the rest of your career.
Wonder every day, what is my grade today.”
The graduating class of 366 represents the men and women of the Joint Force, drawing from all branches of our military, federal agencies and multinational environments -- with 336 Army officers who are predominantly Reserve and National Guard officers; 3 Air Force; 8 Marine Corps; as well as 8 international officers from the countries of Armenia, Estonia, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Slovakia, Spain, and Trinidad & Tobago; and 11 senior civilians in federal agencies that work with DoD. All have completed the demanding course comprising two years of distance instruction and four weeks of resident instruction at Carlisle. The Class of 2015 has achieved the highest goals of professional military education, each student demonstrating a high degree of dedication and perseverance.
Supportive families filled the audience, with military colleagues and dozens of general officers on hand to congratulate them on the hard-earned achievement.
There was an empty seat however, as the class lost one of its own, Col. Robert Smothers, who died suddenly earlier this year. His wife, Julie Smothers and their children Lee and Brooke accepted a diploma and honorary master’s degree during the ceremony.
The graduation ceremony marked the end of the two-year program and their second two-week residence course. Each day included a guest speaker or a panel presentation and a general theme for discussion like the media impact and academic perspectives on national security strategy development and implementation, the challenges of civil-military relations, the role of domestic politics in national security, globalization, foreign policy, and international security issues.
Two very happy class of 2015 Distance Education graduates congratulate each other after receiving their diplomas during their ceremony on the historic Carlisle parade grounds, Carlisle Barracks, July 24.

 One of those speakers was Secretary of the Army John M. McHugh, who delivered the capstone address July 23 in Bliss Hall. McHugh offered parting thoughts about future challenges, and acknowledged the graduating students’ ongoing commitment to developing their own leadership skills to further benefit the Army and the nation.

 "The kinds of leaders - the kinds of service men and women - we require are those who are able to adapt to a shifting security landscape. These are the sorts of individuals who do not just react to change and uncertainty but lead through it. They do not just manage risk and the unknown.  Rather, they embrace it to generate opportunity. People who know how to take incredibly complex problems and deliver options, not ultimatums,” said McHugh.

The lessons from the course will serve them well in their careers according to a few of the students.
“I believe I and the Pennsylvania Army National Guard will reap immediate and future dividends,” said Lt. Col. Tyrone Twyman, Deputy G3, PAARNG Army Staff Element JFHQ, Ft. Indiantown Gap, Pa., of his time as a student. “I feel from a personal standpoint that my technical and personal leadership skills have been greatly enhanced. The PAARNG in my opinion will benefit greatly from my ability to apply strategic level thinking skills and processes, learned over the past two years, to current, as well as future domestic and national level challenges/issues.”
“I deployed twice to the Middle East in the last six years,” said Lt. Col. Marlene Markotan, Commander
3/80th BN, 2nd Brigade (Cyber/Signal). “The Army War College taught me the importance of understanding the national military objectives of the US and how my mission fit into the larger picture.”
“The USAWC has provided me with a much deeper understanding of the way our National Military Strategy is developed,” said Lt. Col. Laura A. Mchugh, G1, JFHQ-1, Ft. Indiantown Gap, Pa. “I have also gained a deeper appreciation for how our decisions at the National level impact the world.”
Several instructors and students were also honored during the ceremony.
The Commandant’s Award for Distinction in Research
Col. Markus T. Kreitmayr
“Back to Business – NATO and the Concept of Collective Defense”
Project Adviser: Colonel Douglas V. Mastriano, DMSPO
Gen. Perkins congratulates 2015 Distance Education graduate German Col. Markus T. Kreitmayr on receiving the Commandants Award for Distinction in Research during his class graduation ceremony on the historic Carlisle parade ground, Carlisle Barracks, July 24
2015 Distance Education Award Winners
The AWC Foundation Award for Outstanding Program Research Project
Col. Garrick M. Harmon
“Resurrecting Kennan? The Search for a New Grand U.S. Strategy”
Project Adviser: Colonel (Retired) Jonathan D. Beard, DDE
Col. George Elias Katsos
“The United States Global Health Strategy with a Focus on the Department of Defense”
Project Adviser: Dr. Ricky W. Streight, DDE
Col. Matthew D. Morton
"Remembering the Past, Looking to the Future"
Project Adviser: Dr. Jeffrey L. Groh, DDE
Scott T. Redeker
“Strategy-Based Costing”
Project Adviser: Colonel (Retired) Jonathan D. Beard, DDE
The AWC Foundation Lifetime Alumni Membership Award
Col. Jack Albert Otteson

U.S. Army War College outstanding faculty members recognized

July 24 - The U.S. Army War College honored 3 of their outstanding faculty members of the School of Strategic Landpower during the Graduation Ceremony for Distance Education class of 2015 on the historic Carlisle parade ground, Carlisle Barracks.

The Excellence-in-Teaching awards incorporate Student feedback, peer feedback, and personal observation by department chair, dean or director comprise the evaluation criteria for faculty awards in teaching excellence.

Today’s the College celebrated these award recipients for Excellence-in-Teaching for the core courses and electives:                     

Dr. Keven J. Weddle, Professor of Military Theory and Strategy, DDE USAWC


Maj. Gen. William Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College congratulates Weddle on his Teaching in Excellence award, during the Class of 2015 Distance Education graduation held on the historic Carlisle parade field, Carlisle Barracks






Charles E. Grindle, Director, Instructional Support Group, SSL, DEP



Gen. David G. Perkins, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command congratulates Grindle on his Teaching in Excellence award, during the Class of 2015 Distance Education graduation held on the historic Carlisle parade field, Carlisle Barracks





Don Boose, FI, DDE & DNSS, USAWC



Dr. Richard Lacquement, Dean,  School of Strategic landpower congratulates Grindle on his Teaching in Excellence award, during the Class of 2015 Distance Education graduation held on the historic Carlisle parade field, Carlisle Barracks

Looking for your graduation photos, videos Distance Education Class of ’15 - here is how to find them

Friday, July 24
The ceremony will be live-streamed at
Photos of every graduate, award winner and guest speaker will be posted after the graduation ceremony at
(Note: You do not have to have a Facebook account to view the photos)
A short video that will include the remarks of the guest speaker, Gen. David G. Perkins, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, at
A highlight video of the graduation that will include the guest speakers and a selection of graduates and at
 After graduation, other ways to stay connected are available to you
Army War College homepage
The first and greatest place to keep up on Army War College news and events is the USAWC homepage, located at Updated regularly; the site showcases the latest USAWC news, conference, studies and other important events.
One of the easiest ways to stay connected is to become a follower on Facebook. Simply go to you’ll see the latest news and events. The best part is you don’t even need an account to see the newest postings.
However if you’d like to have them delivered straight to you, log into your exiting Facebook account and click “Like” on the top right corner of the USAWC page. After that, all of the latest postings from our page will appear directly on your News Feed.
Another valuable resource are the lectures from guest speakers and conferences available at the USAWC YouTube page, best part is that you don’t even have to register for an account to see the latest videos, just visit the page to see the newest videos, all sorted by event.

Distance Education Class of 2015 “Honoring All Who Served” with class gift

The Class of 2015 Distance Education Program presented their class gift last evening during the Commandant’s Reception, Carlisle Barracks, July 21.

The Class of 2015 Distance Education Program presented their gift to the U.S. Army War College to honor all who served in Afghanistan, Iraq, and in the Global War on Terror. This stained glass window is a tribute to the sacrifice and service of the U.S. Armed Forces, coalition partners, and civilians who served faithfully and with distinction. Their steadfast devotion to duty contributes daily to making the world a safer place for generations to come.

The silhouetted figures represent U.S. service members, coalition partners, and civilians who served or supported the operations in each campaign. The figures are vague, allowing the viewer to determine the branch of service, branch of government, nationality, gender, and ethnicity of each figure. Successful operations in each campaign required the extraordinary effort of all involved. To single out a particular service, country, or ethnicity would diminish the contribution of all who served. However, in great appreciation and recognition of the advances in treating battlefield injuries and saving lives by the Medical Services, a medic armband is included on one of the silhouettes.

The aircraft and vehicles in the window represent the integrated efforts of mechanized infantry and aviation in support of both campaigns. The CH-47 Chinook, the U.S. Army’s workhorse, represents the troop lift and resupply capacity needed to sustain the fight and conduct stability operations. The F/A-18 Hornet represents the contribution of the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps aviation assets in shaping the

Standing below the Distance Education Class of 2015 stain glass window are
the artist Dean Hankinson (Center) the design creator Army Lt. Col. Michael
Sherman (right) and Col. Patrick Houlahan, USMC, Class Gift Chairman,
Bliss Hall, July 21.   

 battlefield. The AH-64 Apache represents the U.S. Army’s ability to provide devastating firepower in support of U.S. and coalition forces. The A-10 Warthog represents the U.S. Air Force’s ability to provide lethal close air support when called upon. The Humvee represents the mechanized forces critical to the success of each campaign. The MRAP represents the engineering advances made during the conflict to protect forces and bring the fight to the enemy.

The seals and crests, located on either side of the campaign medals, reflect the composition and diversity of the class of 2015. They also highlight the bringing together of strategic thinkers from different services, branches of government, allies and partner nations to share lessons learned and prevail in future conflicts. The composition and diversity of the class of 2015 represents the ability to involve all elements of national power to shape a peaceful world.

Local artist Dean Hankinson completed the window for the the class of 2015.  Hankinson is carrying on the family tradition of stained glass production, which spans three generations. Hankinson has created windows for the Gingerbread Man Restaurants, the Bosler Library, Vietnam Vets of Cumberland County and many others. Notably, Hankinson created and designed the windows for the Resident Classes of 1976, 1977, 1979, and 1980 and the Non-Resident Classes of 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, and 1987 that are prominently displayed in Bliss Hall.

Distance Education Program Class of 2015 member Lt. Col.  Michael Sherman created the original concept for the window, using watercolors and was instrumental in compiling the inputs from the class. Sherman is an Engineer officer in the U.S. Army Reserves and serves as the Deputy Commander of the 416th Theater Engineer Command, Contingency Response Unit and a civilian architect and urban planner. His dedication and artistic eye contributed greatly to the final design and provided the basis for Hankinson’s work.

PennDOT to Repair and Pave U.S. 11 near Carlisle
Nighttime base repair starts July 23 in preparation for paving starting in August

Harrisburg, PA – The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) announced today that starting Thursday, July 23, weather permitting, construction crews will begin nighttime roadway base repair on a 2.86-mile section of U.S. 11 in the Carlisle area.

The $1,792,987 contract was awarded to Pennsy Supply, Inc., of Annville, Lebanon County.
The contract includes curb cut work required by the Americans with Disabilities Act, drainage improvements, roadway base repair, milling, bituminous resurfacing, guiderail updates, new signs, and pavement markings on U.S. 11 from the intersection of North Hanover and Penn Streets in Carlisle Borough to just north of the Pa. Turnpike bridge construction project over Harrisburg Pike in Middlesex Township, Cumberland County.
PennDOT advises those who travel U.S. 11 that they may encounter shifting traffic patterns and single-lane traffic restrictions with flaggers assisting them through the work zone during nighttime base repair, milling and paving operations, Sunday through Thursday between 7:30 PM and 6 AM. Work under this construction contract is scheduled to be completed this fall.
This section of U.S. 11 averages nearly 12,500 vehicles traveled daily. To avoid delays,travelers should allow for additional time in their plans or seek an alternate route.
Motorists are reminded to be alert for these operations, to obey work zone signs, and to slow down when approaching and traveling

E-cigarettes – Summer Sense Campaign

How an e-cigarette works

  • E-cigarette contains a replaceable inhaler cartridge containing vegetable glycerin and/or polyethylene glycol, flavoring and nicotine.
  • On inhalation, a sensor triggers the vaporizer which heats a small amount of the liquid.
  • The liquid turns into a vapor and is drawn into the user’s mouth.
  • This is also known as “vaping”.


Are e-cigarettes (vaping) safe?

  • E-cigarettes, like traditional cigarettes contains the addictive and poisonous nicotine component.
  • Propylene Glycol used in the preparation of the nicotine solution for E-cigarettes is listed as a suspected respiratory toxicant.
  • Manufacturers and distributors mislead the public into believing they are an alternative to scientifically proven cessation techniques.
  • Dosage, manufacture and ingredients are not consistent or clearly labelled, which means unknown amounts of nicotine are delivered to the user.
  • May produce fewer dangerous substances than conventional cigarettes, but lack of testing prevents their safety from being established. Coulson, 2009), (WMA, 2012)


Adverse Events – FDA summary

  • Hospitalization for illnesses such as pneumonia and congestive heart failure.
  • Chest pain and rapid heartbeat.
  • Disorientation, seizures, and hypotension.
  • Second-degree burns to the face (product exploded in consumer’s mouth while driving and during routine use).
  • High potential of toxic exposure to nicotine by children and pets from refill cartridges either from ingestion or dermal absorption.

(Chen, 2013), (WMA, 2012)


Research- Adolescents

  • E-cigarette use more than doubled among U.S. middle and high school students from 2011-2012.
  • "The increased use of e-cigarettes by teens is deeply troubling," said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H.  "Nicotine is a highly addictive drug.  Many teens who start with e-cigarettes may be condemned to struggling with a lifelong addiction to nicotine and conventional cigarettes.” ("CDC," 2013)

Research – Regulation

  • More research is needed on the cost-benefit equation of these products and the appropriate level and type of regulation for them.
  • Most smokers use these products to try to quit and their use appears to enhance quitting motivation. (Wagener, Siegel & Borrelli, 2012)
  • Regulatory and behavioral interventions are needed to prevent “gateway” use by adolescent nonsmokers.
  • Campaigns promoting negative images of smokers or FDA bans on sales to youth may help deter use. (Pepper et al., 2013)


Policy update

Why regulate E-cigarettes?

  • Reduce youth initiation to nicotine and tobacco products
  • Protect the health of all users and non-users
  • Preserve safe indoor air quality



  • Regulate sale
  • Regulate marketing
  • Regulate use

Policy Elements:

  • Clear definitions & concise language
  • Robust enforcement of policies
  • Well planned implementation process (Tobacco Control Legal Consortium, 2011

For additional information contact Carlisle Barracks Army Substance Abuse Program at 245 – 4576.

Information provided by:

Janie Burley, Masters Student from University of North Carolina at Greensboro

B.S. Public Health Education, C.H.E.S., Intern – Chattanooga – Hamilton County Health Department. Resource provided by Rubin Ramirez from Corpus Christi Army Depot.

OPM announces steps to protect workers from cyber threats

WASHINGTON, D.C. (July 13, 2015) -- The U.S. Office of Personnel Management, or OPM, has announced the results of the interagency forensics investigation into a recent cyber incident involving federal background investigation data and the steps it is taking to protect those impacted.

Throughout this investigation, OPM has been committed to providing information in a timely, transparent and accurate manner. As information has become available and verifiable, the agency has updated Congress, the inspector general, federal employee representatives, and - most importantly - those that are affected. This announcement is the latest in this series of updates, and OPM will continue to provide additional information going forward.


Since the end of 2013, OPM has undertaken an aggressive effort to upgrade the agency's cybersecurity posture, adding numerous tools and capabilities to its various legacy networks. As a direct result of these steps, OPM was able to identify two separate but related cybersecurity incidents on its systems.

OPM announced the results of the interagency forensic investigation into the second incident. As previously announced, in late-May 2015, as a result of ongoing efforts to secure its systems, OPM discovered an incident affecting background investigation records of current, former and prospective federal employees and contractors.

Following the conclusion of the forensics investigation, OPM has determined that the types of information in these records include identification details such as social security numbers; residency and educational history; employment history; information about immediate family and other personal and business acquaintances; health, criminal and financial history; and other details.

Some records also include findings from interviews conducted by background investigators and fingerprints. Usernames and passwords, which background investigation applicants used to fill out their background investigation forms, were also stolen.

While background investigation records do contain some information regarding mental health and financial history provided by those that have applied for a security clearance and by individuals contacted during the background investigation, there is no evidence that separate systems that store information regarding the health, financial, payroll and retirement records of federal personnel were impacted by this incident (for example, annuity rolls, retirement records, USA JOBS, Employee Express).

This incident is separate but related to a previous incident, discovered in April 2015, affecting personnel data for current and former federal employees. OPM and its interagency partners concluded with a high degree of confidence that personnel data for 4.2 million individuals had been stolen. This number has not changed since it was announced by OPM in early June, and OPM has worked to notify all of these individuals and ensure that they are provided with the appropriate support and tools to protect their personal information.


Since learning of the incident affecting background investigation records, OPM and the interagency incident response team have moved swiftly and thoroughly to assess the breach, analyze what data may have been stolen, and identify those individuals who may be affected.

The team has now concluded with high confidence that sensitive information, including the social security numbers of 21.5 million individuals, was stolen from the background investigation databases. This includes 19.7 million individuals that applied for a background investigation, and 1.8 million non-applicants, predominantly spouses or co-habitants of applicants. As noted, some records also include findings from interviews conducted by background investigators and approximately 1.1 million include fingerprints.

There is no information at this time to suggest any misuse or further dissemination of the information that was stolen from OPM's systems.

If an individual underwent a background investigation through OPM in 2000 or afterwards (which occurs through the submission of forms SF 86, SF 85, or SF 85P for a new investigation or periodic reinvestigation), it is highly likely that the individual is impacted by this cyber breach. If an individual underwent a background investigation before 2000, that individual still may be impacted, but it is less likely.


OPM is also announcing the steps it is taking to protect those impacted:

1. Providing a comprehensive suite of monitoring and protection services for background investigation applicants and non-applicants, whose Social Security numbers, and in many cases other sensitive information, were stolen.

For the 21.5 million background investigation applicants, spouses or co-habitants with Social Security Numbers and other sensitive information that was stolen from OPM databases, OPM and the Department of Defense will work with a private-sector firm specializing in credit and identity theft monitoring to provide services such as:

• Full service identity restoration support and victim recovery assistance

• Identity theft insurance

• Identity monitoring for minor children

• Continuous credit monitoring

• Fraud monitoring services beyond credit files

The protections in this suite of services are tailored to address potential risks created by this particular incident, and will be provided for a period of at least three years, at no charge. In the coming weeks, OPM will begin to send notification packages to these individuals, which will provide details on the incident and information on how to access these services.

OPM will also provide educational materials and guidance to help them prevent identity theft, better secure their personal and work-related data, and become more generally informed about cyber threats and other risks presented by malicious actors.

2. Helping other individuals, who had other information included on background investigation forms:

Beyond background investigation applicants and their spouses or co-habitants described above, there are other individuals, whose name, address, date of birth, or other similar information may have been listed on a background investigation form, but whose Social Security numbers are not included. These individuals could include immediate family members or other close contacts of the applicant.

In many cases, the information about these individuals is the same as information generally available in public forums, such as online directories or social media, and therefore the compromise of this information generally does not present the same level of risk of identity theft or other issues.

The notification package, which will be sent to background investigation applicants, will include detailed information that the applicant can provide to individuals he or she may have listed on a background investigation form. This information will explain the types of data that may have been included on the form, best practices they can exercise to protect themselves, and the resources publicly available to address questions or concerns.

3. Establishing an online cybersecurity incident resource center:

OPM launched a new, online incident resource center to offer information regarding the OPM incidents as well as direct individuals to materials, training, and useful information on best practices to secure data, protect against identity theft, and stay safe online. This resource site will be regularly updated with the most recent information about both the personnel records and background investigation incidents, responses to frequently asked questions, and tools that can help guard against emerging cyber threats.

4. Establishing a call center to respond to questions:

In the coming weeks, a call center will be opened to respond to questions and provide more information. Individuals will not be able to receive personalized information until notifications begin and the call center is opened. OPM recognizes that it is important to be able to provide individual assistance to those that reach out with questions, and will work with its partners to establish this call center as quickly as possible.

5. Protecting all federal employees:

In the coming months, the administration will work with federal employee representatives and other stakeholders to develop a proposal for the types of credit and identity theft monitoring services that should be provided to all federal employees in the future - regardless of whether they have been affected by this incident - to ensure their personal information is always protected.


OPM continues to take aggressive action to strengthen its broader cyber defenses and information technology (IT) systems, in partnership with experts from DOD, the Department of Homeland Security, the FBI, and its other interagency partners.

As outlined in its recent Cybersecurity Action Report, in June, OPM identified 15 new steps to improve security, leverage outside expertise, modernize its systems, and ensure internal accountability in its cyber practices. This includes completing deployment of two-factor strong authentication for all users, expanding continuous monitoring of its systems, and hiring a new cybersecurity advisor.

OPM's director has initiated a comprehensive review of the architectural design of OPM's IT systems, to identify and immediately mitigate any other vulnerabilities that may exist, and assess OPM's data sharing and use policies. That review is ongoing.

In addition, OPM will also continue to participate in a federal government-wide 30-day cybersecurity sprint, whereby immediate steps are being taken to further protect information and assets and improve the resilience of federal networks, and will participate in a 90-day interagency review of key questions related to information security, governance, policy, and other aspects of this the security and suitability determination process, to ensure that it is conducted in the most efficient, effective and secure manner possible.

The Office of Personnel Management is committed to protecting the safety and security of the information of federal employees and contractors. OPM is also committed to helping those that have been impacted by this incident, safeguarding its systems and data, and fulfilling its mission to serve federal workers.

Carlisle community works together to respond to ‘terrorist attack’ on post

An explosives detection K-9 “hits” on an explosive training aid during the annual Carlisle Barracks emergency exercise July 15. The exercise brought together more than 100 first responders and personnel  together.  Want more photos?

July 15, 2015 – The terrorists were virtual, but the exercise was real as more than 100 Carlisle Barracks and community first responders worked together to test the post’s emergency plans during the annual full-scale exercise July 15.

The exercise tested, rehearsed and evaluated installation emergency response procedures and served as a training mechanism for all involved, which includes most directorates across post. The scenario featured multiple explosive devices placed around the installation, which caused the Army Community Servoces building and Armstrong, Anne Ely, and Upton Halls to be evacuated.

“These exercises help us evaluate how well our plans work, to see where we need to improve and to make sure that our employees know what to do in the event of this type of situation,” said Barry Shughart, Installation Emergency Manager. “We hope that even in the chaos of an actual incident folks ‘muscle memory’ kicks in and folks remember their training. The best way to do that is to keep it fresh in their minds with these types of exercises.”

Participating in the exercise were all of the South Central Task Force’s dog teams, the Pennsylvania State Police Bomb Squad and FBI Harrisburg Bomb Technician and others. Bob Suskie, director of Emergency Services here, said that the experience for our police and fire fighters is invaluable.

“It’s not often that we get to work together, side by side in a real-world situation with our counterparts off-post,” he said. “Also, by hosting these exercises together we’re able to help meet multiple requirements for multiple organizations at the same time. In a time of constrained resources for everyone, this is very important.”

The exercise isn’t just a one-day event, according to Shughart. For the past few weeks there were incidents reported and intelligence developed that members of the post operations staff used to determine if there was a threat to Carlisle Barracks, all based in the “exercise world.” As new events developed the installation’s crisis management team would gather, learn about the new information and work together to develop plans to deal with a possible imminent threat.

“We don’t plan exercises to be smooth and successful, we try to tax the system and see where we need to improve,” said Shughart. “We did that, and learned some great lessons.”

The full-scale exercise is an annual requirement by Installation Management Command to test the installation’s emergency procedures. In the past, full-scale exercise scenarios have included chemical accidents, tornadoes, winter weather, aviation accidents, terrorist attacks and more. In addition to this, the post also hosts a series of smaller exercises throughout the year on a variety of scenarios.

“These exercises are critical opportunites for us to learn and work together with our off-post partners,” said Lt. Col. Greg Ank, who oversaw his first exercise as the Garrison Commander. “It’s useful to test ourselves and see how we react to an emergency. We owe it to our residents, families, employees and the Carlisle community to be prepared.”

Robert D. Martin, USAWC PAO
366 senior leaders set to graduate from Army War College distance program
July 10, 2015 -- After two years of studying, research and writing, it's close to graduation day at the U. S. Army War College for the Distance Class of 2015. It is an extraordinary day of celebration and camaraderie – with students’ family, friends, and the Carlisle Barracks community.  Each graduation is a triumph for the students, families, faculty, and all those who contributed to their success over the last two years.

Graduation speaker General David G. Perkins, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, will offer congratulations and words of encouragement and challenge for the future. The graduation ceremony is a celebratory event open to family, friends, colleagues and the public. The ceremony is scheduled for Friday, July 24 at 9 a.m. for approximately 90 minutes. Those unable to attend can watch live, streaming video at, at the top of the page.

Above: 28th Infantry Division Ceremonial Band plays at an Army War
College graduation ceremony. File photo.

The ceremony begins with the arrival of the official party, marked by an artillery salute by the 1st Battalion, 108th Field Artillery in Carlisle,  the procession of faculty, and recognition of award-winning students.  Each student walks the stage to receive the master's degree of Strategic Studies, the US Army War College diploma, and the congratulations of the dean, the provost, the commandant and the TRADOC commander.  

General David G. Perkins, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, will be the guest speaker for graduation of the Distance Class of 2015.

The graduating class of 366 represents the men and women of the Joint Force, drawing from all branches of our military, federal agencies and multinational environments -- with 336 Army officers
who are predominantly Reserve and National Guard officers; 3 Air Force;  8 Marine Corps; as well as 8 international officers from the countries of Armenia, Estonia, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Slovakia, Spain, and Trinidad & Tobago;  and 11 senior civilians in federal agencies that work with DoD.

July 24, 2015 Distance Education Graduation: Need to Know


Student/ Visitor information --

Recording of the ceremony will be available after the ceremony at

•  Photos taken during the ceremony -- to include stage photos of every graduating student -- can be found at:

* Those unable to attend can watch the entire event streamed live, as of 9 a.m. at:

* Driving?  Set your smart mapping to ‘Jim Thorpe & Claremont roads, Carlisle 17013' for the Visitors Gate. [The Ashburn Gate on Route 11 can be used by those with DoD identification.

* For both entrances:  Plan to show ID at the gate, Follow ‘event Parking’ signs, and arrive in time for a short walk to the parade ground. Or, use the shuttle busses (see below).

* Shuttle busses will run from 7:30 to 8:45 a.m. and resume after the ceremony.

* For handicapped guest, please follow the signs to your designated parking area or the drop area. Handicapped parking is located in the parking lot between bldgs. 314 and 315 on Lovell Ave.  The handicapped drop-off and dedicated viewing area is at Qtrs. 2 on Garrison Ave.

* Students must be in seats by 8:30 a.m.

* IN CASE OF INCLEMENT WEATHER, digital signs at both gates will alert guests about the alternate graduation site.

 Employee/ beneficiary information --

•  Dunham Clinic will be open on Thursday, July 23 from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. for patient care and closed July 24 from 7:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. (including the pharmacy), reopening at 1 p.m. and closing at 4:30 p.m.

•  Faculty and Staff who normally park in the 314/315 lot, along Lovell Ave and along Forbes Ave in front of Building 122 can park along Letort lane below the 314/315 lot, along Letort lane between Barry Drive and Butler Rd (temporary parking will be Identified along the drive) or in the Collins Hall lots.

•  Faculty and staff who normally park in the Anne Ely parking lot are asked to park in the DES or Chapel lots.

•  Residents on Garrison Lane are asked to park their cars in garages, if possible.

•  All other drivers will need to move as directed by the Police or Parking attendants to designated parking lots and walk or ride the shuttle.

•  Residents are reminded that shortly after 9 a.m. the cannons will be fired.

•  For civilian employees, liberal leave is in effect for graduation day pending supervisor approval.

Inclement weather plan --

•  Bliss Hall will be the alternate graduation location in case of inclement weather.  All students will be given tickets with the name of the location where their party can view the graduation.  

Digital signs at each gate will advise about the change in graduation location. The ceremony will be broadcast internally via closed circuit TV for family and guest in the following seating venues:  Reynolds Theater; Wil Washcoe Auditorium, Bradley Auditorium, AHEC multi-purpose room and Root Hall. Students and selected faculty will be seated in Bliss Hall.  Seating for handicapped will be in the Command Conference Room.

Streaming video will be made available for the alternate site:

Carlisle to host ‘Welcome Jam’ for new War College families as part of First Friday event Aug. 7

On Aug. 7 the Carlisle Community will unofficially welcome the Class of 2016 and their Families during a Restaurant Walk & Welcome Jam from 5 to 8 p.m.  There will be food tasting, live music, activities for the whole family and more. Area restaurants will have a priced fixed menu and specials as part of their “First Friday” events, which run during the summer.

Families are encouraged to “check in” at the Downtown Carlisle Association tent on the square for a map of downtown and the opportunity win prizes good at local restaurants and businesses.

A kids alley will be held as part of the event featuring games, music and more.

The first 50 Families to check in at the Downtown Carlisle Association are eligible to receive a $10 gift card good at any local restaurant.


Army announces force structure, stationing decisions

DoD News, Defense Media Activity

WASHINGTON, July 9, 2015 – Army officials today announced force structure decisions and stationing plans for the reduction of the regular Army from 490,000 to 450,000 soldiers.

The reduction of force structure will occur in fiscal years 2016 and 2017. The end-strength reduction of 40,000 will be completed by the end of fiscal year 2018, and will be accompanied by the reduction of 17,000 Army civilian employees, officials said, adding that the cuts will affect nearly every Army installation in the United States and overseas.

As part of these reductions, the number of regular Army brigade combat teams, the basic deployable units of maneuver in the Army, will continue to decline from a wartime high of 45 to 30 by the end of fiscal year 2017.

The Army will convert the 3rd Infantry Division’s 3rd Brigade Combat Team at Fort Benning, Georgia, and the 25th Infantry Division’s 4th Airborne Brigade Combat Team at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska, into smaller units -- maneuver battalion task forces -- by the end of fiscal 2017.

Brigade combat teams consist of about 4,000 soldiers; the battalion task forces will have about 1,050 soldiers.

Additional Changes

The 25th Infantry Division’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team will remain a brigade combat team, but will convert its primary maneuver platform, officials said. Currently a Stryker brigade combat team, it will become an infantry brigade combat team without Stryker combat vehicles.

Additionally, officials said, the Army is analyzing a proposal to use the brigade combat team’s current Stryker equipment to convert an Army National Guard brigade combat team in the Pacific Northwest to a Stryker configuration.

The Army selected these brigade combat teams for reorganization based on a variety of factors, including strategic requirements and the inherent military value of the installations where they are based, officials said in announcing the changes, adding that the force structure decisions best posture a smaller Army to meet global commitments.

Necessitated by Budget Constraints

Budget constraints are forcing the Army’s reduction, said Lt. Gen. Joseph Anderson, the Army’s deputy chief of staff for operations and plans.

“These were very difficult decisions to make as all of our installations and their communities offer tremendous value to our Army and the nation,” he said. “In the end, we had to make decisions based on a number of strategic factors, to include readiness impacts, mission command and cost.”

If no change takes place regarding sequestration spending caps scheduled to return scheduled Oct. 1, the Army’s end-strength will be further reduced to 420,000 soldiers by the end of fiscal 2019, officials said, resulting in a cumulative loss of 150,000 soldiers from the regular Army -- a 26 percent cut over a seven-year period.

The resulting force, they added, would be incapable of simultaneously meeting current deployment requirements and responding to the overseas contingency requirements of the combatant commands.

 “Alcohol, Medications and Older People”– Summer Sense Campaign –


Information provided by the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board, alcohol education, LCB-242 05/11 and The Council of Southeast Pennsylvania, INC.

For additional information contact Army Substance Abuse Program at 245 – 4576.


Someone you care about has a problem.


You’re concerned – and with just cause. An older close friend or family member is taking medications and drinking alcohol at the same time. Or your loved one may have a medical condition that can be made worse because of alcohol.


What can I do?


The first step is to see if your loved one is aware of the situation. Does your older friend or relative know about the possible dangers of taking medications and alcohol together – or is he or she aware and just doesn’t care? Does your loved one know that alcohol can make an existing medical condition worse – or does it just not matter to him or her?


Share the facts.


Many changes happen to one’s body and health as he or she gets older – it’s a fact of life. The body takes longer to break down alcohol and that means it stays in your system longer. This can cause an older adult to have a different – and sometimes severe – reaction to alcohol than they did in the past.


85% of adults age 65 and older take at least one prescription drug.  Over half of all prescriptions for older adults contain a sedative that can make you sleepy. Drinking alcohol while taking these drugs can be especially dangerous as a person gets older.


Your loved one can develop new health problems as he or she ages. Or existing health problems can become worse. Alcohol can make existing problems worse, sometimes life-threatening or even cause new complications to occur.


In fact, if your older friend or relative has diabetes, gout, ulcers or chronic indigestion, he or she should check with a physician or pharmacist before drinking any alcohol at all.


Prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications can increase or intensify the effects of alcohol. Bad reactions ranging from minor to severe can occur. Tranquilizers, sleeping pills, pain killers, and antihistamines can be especially dangerous or even fatal when combined with alcohol.


Aging Statistics – provided by US Dept of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging,


39 million people 65+ (2008) of this

  • 6 million 85+ (2008)

Between 2010 and 2030, with the aging of the baby boomer generation (1946 – 1964), this will reach 72 million or 20% of total.

Pennsylvania is a state with the 3rdhighest percentage of older adults – 15.3% - behind Florida and West Virginia.


Abuse of alcohol and prescription drugs by those over 60 is one of the fastest growing health problems in the United States.




A dangerous mix.


When alcohol is consumed in combination with drugs or herbals it can impair judgment, speed up or slow down the effects of the drugs, and cause drowsiness.


Alcohol in combination with antibiotics can result in symptoms which include headache, rapid pulse, vomiting, heart palpations and breathing too fast.


Alcohol can irritate your bladder and cause you to urinate more often. This can make an older adult more susceptible to heat stress, heat stroke, and dehydration.


Is it the aging process or alcohol? 


In addition to the dangers of mixing alcohol with medications, your loved one should know how alcohol affects the overall aging process.


Problems he or she might blame on aging, such as insomnia, depression, memory loss or decreased sex drive, might instead be caused by alcohol use or abuse.


Alcohol use can also harm older adults in other ways. Alcohol may affect a person’s ability to digest food which could lead to malnutrition. The liver can be damaged by alcohol misuse. Alcohol could cause loss of coordination and balance which could lead to falls and broken bones.


Determine the reason behind his or her drinking.


Is your loved one is ignoring the potential dangers of mixing alcohol and drugs – or drinking more alcohol than before? If so, help your loved one take an honest look at why his or her drinking habits have changed.


Has there been a life-changing event such as the death of a spouse, failing health, retirement, or loss of independence? Has his or her self-esteem dropped? Does your loved one have too much free time, spend too much time alone or have a previous history of depression?


What can you do to help?


If someone close to you has experienced a difficult change or loss, you can use your relationship with them as a tool to help them through this difficult time.


One way that you can help is to become more involved in your loved one’s life and daily routines. You can also help your loved one find new activities to enjoy and occupy his or her time.


 Remember to look for any changes in your loved one’s behavior or appearance that may suggest the beginning of a problem with alcohol.


If you think there might be an alcohol abuse problem, seek the advice of a professional before you share your concerns with your loved one.


A professional counselor, especially one trained in the special need of older individuals as well as alcohol abuse, can help you approach the issue with your loved one. That professional can also guide you and your friend or relative to the help he or she needs. The blue pages of the phone book have listings of resources including: psychological professionals, social service agencies and local health departments.



Identifying, intervening with, and supporting individuals can lead to a better quality of life for older adults.


Peer support providers can recognize some of the unique recovery needs of older adults.


Your interest and effort in helping your loved one could make a big difference in returning them to a safer, healthier lifestyle.



For assistance or additional information contact the Prevention office at 245 – 4576 or check out the PA Department of Aging at:


Cumberland Co. Aging and Community Services






Army lines of effort to define proper online conduct

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, July 7, 2015) -- "How do we ensure Army values-based conduct to prevent and respond to harm inflicted through the use of electronic communication?"

Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno asked for an answer to that question earlier this year - in the wake of revelations at the February 2015 SHARP Summit in Washington D.C.

At the SHARP summit, Soldiers spoke about online sexual harassment via social media. They had also discussed retribution, delivered online, against Soldiers, who had spoken up about both sexual harassment and sexual assault.

In March, following the SHARP summit, Odierno directed the creation of a "tiger team" at headquarters Army level to address the issue, and to answer his question about how to prevent and respond to such behavior online.

"I expect Soldiers to uphold our Army values, on and off duty, and treat each other with dignity and respect," the general wrote earlier this month on his own social media page. "This applies to our day-to-day interactions, at the office, in the field, on deployment, and at home, both in person and across social media."

Odierno explained on his Facebook page that he is concerned with online bullying, cyber-stalking, and online retaliation for reporting misdeeds.

"This behavior is unprofessional and should not be acceptable to any of us," he wrote. "Join with me to turn the tide; let's work together to protect each other and tackle these issues to retain a culture of professionalism; both off and online."

As it turns out, the answer to Odierno's question didn't take as much work as it might have. The team uncovered a weapon to combat the problem that is already in the Army's inventory: Army Regulation 600-20.

Within the existing Army regulation, said tiger team member Lt. Col. Kay Emerson, who also serves as director of the Army's Equal Opportunity policy office, is section 4-19. The section is entitled "Treatment of Persons."

The policy states that the Army is a values-based organization, where everyone is expected to do what is right by treating all persons as they should be treated - with dignity and respect. Hazing, bullying, and other behaviors that undermine dignity and respect are fundamentally in opposition to Army values and are prohibited. The section defines both hazing and bullying. Mistreatment of others, it reads, does not have to be limited to in-person behavior. It can happen online as well.

When commanders find their Soldiers are engaging in behavior that is contrary to the Army values of treating others with dignity and respect, and that behavior is happening online - commanders have a tool available to them already to remedy the situation.

"Being that this is a punitive policy, by working with their supporting legal advisor, commanders will be able to determine the most appropriate way to take action," Emerson said.

Army Regulation 600-20 specifically addresses the use of "electronic media," not "electronic communications." AR 600-20 currently addresses "other misconduct," and may more specifically describe other misconduct in the future. "Retaliation" and "reprisal" against Soldiers, who have reported the offenses and misconducts of others, is already addressed in other Army directives and policy. These issues will be readdressed in an update to AR 600-20, likely by the end of the year, Emerson said.

The tiger team Emerson serves on has outlined three lines of effort to achieve their goal of curbing non-professional behavior by Soldiers online. Those lines of effort were released to the Army, June 16, as part of an implementation plan called "Professionalization of Online Conduct."

The first is to update existing policy and regulations to reflect more accurately the social media landscape. They also will develop a report for senior Army leadership on online-related incidents. The report will collate incident information from Army staff offices.

The team also has a line of effort related to training, to "provide commanders and leaders the information and tools they need to educate others and respond appropriately to complaints; train current and future Soldiers, Army civilians, and contractors on how to protect themselves, identify and prevent inappropriate behavior and report online-related incidents."

Finally, the Army public affairs community is tasked with ensuring the Army community is aware of what online misconduct looks like, the training resources that are available, and the policy changes that are going to be made.

According to the current AR 600-20, "bullying" includes, but is not limited to, "making threats, spreading rumors, social isolation, and attacking someone physically, verbally, or through the use of electronic media." Similarly, hazing "need not be committed in the physical presence of the victim; it may be accomplished through written or phone messages, text messages, email, social media, or any other virtual or electronic medium."

Online conduct should reflect the tenets of the Army profession. There is no difference in standards between in-person behavior and online conduct, the regulation says.

During a "town hall" meeting with Soldiers, June 4, Sgt. Maj. of the Army Daniel A. Dailey wanted to know why Soldiers are willing to engage in such behavior online, and to use online forums to express opinions and say things that they would never be willing to say in public.

"Why is it that Soldiers get so brave behind the keyboard," he asked. "If you go on social media today, it feels like people have this Spartan shield when they get behind their computer. They say things that they will not say, as Soldiers, in public."

He told Soldiers that saying something about a Soldier online, or saying something to a Soldier online, is the same as walking up to another Soldier and saying it to them in person.

Emerson said one reason Soldiers are willing to write things online that they wouldn't say in person, is because they believe, incorrectly, that they have an "online persona" that is distinct from their real-world persona - and is therefore not subject to military discipline.

"As members of the Army profession, Soldiers and civilians, we have one persona," she said. "We are professionals. And so our online conduct, whether we are at work, at home, in a café, in a library -- should be consistent with the Army ethic and Army standards of conduct."

Mistreatment of persons, both in person and online, is destructive to the unit cohesion that is required for the Army to conduct its mission. In short, it destroys the Army whether it happens in the unit, out in public, or online, Emerson said.

"People join an organization because organizations have specific values and cultures they want to be a part of," Emerson said. "The Army has expectations of good behavior - right behavior. Not just because it's nice or we want people to be happy. It's because it's a mission imperative. When we go places to do things, fighting forest fires in Montana, or going to a foreign country as an extension of national power ... we have to do that as a team.

"To be successful, that requires unit cohesion, with a positive command climate. We serve in battle and fight in the foxhole, not just for apple pie and the red, white and blue - but for the person next to us in the foxhole. When the bullets are flying, that is who we are taking care of. And we expect the same thing from him or her. We can only do that if we are mutually supporting and close-knit."


Army Regulation 600-20 doesn't just address what constitutes bullying or hazing or harassment - and it doesn't simply tell Soldiers what they should not be doing. It also spells out what Soldiers should be doing: it obligates Soldiers to report activities that are out of line with Army values.

"Individuals are responsible for ... advising the command of any incidents of hazing or bullying ... conducting themselves in accordance with this paragraph and treating all persons as they should be treated - with dignity and respect," the regulation reads. "Service members should report hazing or bullying to their commander, law enforcement, or the inspector general."

"Leadership fixes things," said Dailey, during an enlisted solarium in May.

"When I was a squad leader, I had nine Soldiers," he said. "I promise you that if I looked those Soldiers in the face and said don't do this - they wouldn't. And I didn't need to say anything else. And if they did and they knew that they'd get caught and if they knew they were not representing that squad to the best of their ability - I'm telling you they knew what the consequences would be. And they knew that they didn't want to embarrass me or let the Army down."

The quickest fix for the kinds of activities Soldiers are involved in today online, Dailey said, is leadership influence - especially first-line leaders. He said he is surprised that first-line leaders today don't have that level of control over their units - at least not in regard to online behavior.

"I can't grasp the concept that our young squad leaders don't have that level of influence over their Soldiers," he said. "I think they do, I just think they are not telling them. I think if every squad leader in the Army sat their Soldiers down around the oak tree and said this is what you should or should not be doing, it would get taken care of. I think we are not doing it."


Emerson said the Army is not looking to "police" the Internet. Instead, she said, the Army is making a statement, to let Soldiers know that online is the same as offline back in the unit. Online is, like offline, a domain where professional Soldier behavior is expected of everyone.

"The online environment will continue to grow and morph over time," Emerson said. "We will have to continually seize the initiative and take, retake ground or at least define what 'right' looks like for us. We're making a statement here. We are defining what right looks like. We're defining online conduct, and that it should be in concert with our Army ethic, our Army profession. Leaders, at all levels, set the example for others to follow."

Emerson said the Army's intent is quite the opposite of asking Soldiers to stop using social media. The Army values social media, she said, and wants Soldiers to go online and tell their stories about serving their nation.

"All of us have an Army task, an implied task, to tell the Army story," she said. "We are probably the Army's best recruiters. What can we do to tell the Army story online? We can write about how we help others and how we provide service to the nation on a day-to-day basis. There are a lot of positive things we can put on social media.

"Telling mom and dad and grandma and grandpa, sharing the photos, all of that is very important. That happens countless times in social media and in other ways. We learn things from blogs. So in no way, shape or form, are we trying to limit the sharing of the Army story. It is not our intention to get people off the Internet. We need that interaction. We need to continue to modernize and adapt to the environment we are in. So we intend to stay in the media, the social media, and utilize those things in an appropriate manner."

Cut cable near Philadelphia shuts down Carlisle Barracks network            

A cut fiber optic cable near Philadelphia was the culprit behind the day-long network outage at Carlisle Barracks and six other installations June 30, according to Art Crossley, Information Technology Specialist with the Network Enterprise Center here.

Users were unable to access local resources due to the need to authenticate their account with Army domain controllers, which were inaccessible due to the internet outage, according to Crossley. A backup method to ensure connectivity should a similar situation occur again is currently under development.

Connectivity was restored around 7:30 p.m.