Banner Archive for July 2013

Defense Dept. reduces Civilian employees' furlough requirement from 11 days to 6 days

Defense Department civilian employees who have had to take a weekly unpaid day off from work since July 8 are getting some relief, as the total number of furlough days has been reduced from 11 to six, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced today.

“I enthusiastically welcome this new development on the furlough -- that my civilian employees will not be further disadvantaged this fiscal year,” said Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, Carlisle Barracks Commanding General. “I am extremely proud of all my civilian personnel. They handled these hardships with incredible patience, perseverance, and professionalism and I have even greater respect for their service. No one should take it for granted, ever.

“Carlisle Barracks is in the midst of doing internal crosschecking, but we would like to get back to business as usual the week of August 19,” he said.   

Details about complete the revised furlough program will be shared here.

The full text of Sec. Hagel’s announcement --

When I announced my decision on May 14 to impose furloughs of up to 11 days on civilian employees to help close the budget gap caused by sequestration, I also said we would do everything possible to find the money to reduce furlough days for our people. With the end of the fiscal year next month, managers across the DoD are making final decisions necessary to ensure we make the $37 billion spending cuts mandated by sequestration, while also doing everything possible to limit damage to military readiness and our workforce. We are joined in this regard by managers in non-defense agencies who are also working to accommodate sequestration cuts while minimizing mission damage. As part of that effort at the Department of Defense, I am announcing today that, thanks to the DoD's efforts to identify savings and help from Congress, we will reduce the total numbers of furlough days for DoD civilian employees from 11 to six.

When sequestration took effect on March 1, DoD faced shortfalls of more than $30 billion in its budget for day-to-day operating costs because of sequestration and problems with wartime funding. At that point we faced the very real possibility of unpaid furloughs for civilian employees of up to 22 days. 

As early as January, DoD leaders began making painful and far reaching changes to close this shortfall: civilian hiring freezes, layoffs of temporary workers, significant cuts in facilities maintenance, and more. We also sharply cut training and maintenance. The Air Force stopped flying in many squadrons, the Navy kept ships in port, and the Army cancelled training events. These actions have seriously reduced military readiness.

By early May, even after taking these steps, we still faced day-to-day budgetary shortfalls of $11 billion. At that point I decided that cutting any deeper into training and maintenance would jeopardize our core readiness mission and national security, which is why I announced furloughs of 11 days.

Hoping to be able to reduce furloughs, we submitted a large reprogramming proposal to Congress in May, asking them to let us move funds from acquisition accounts into day-to-day operating accounts. Congress approved most of this request in late July, and we are working with them to meet remaining needs. We are also experiencing less than expected costs in some areas, such as transportation of equipment out of Afghanistan. Where necessary, we have taken aggressive action to transfer funds among services and agencies. And the furloughs have saved us money.

As a result of these management initiatives, reduced costs, and reprogramming from Congress, we have determined that we can make some improvements in training and readiness and still meet the sequestration cuts. The Air Force has begun flying again in key squadrons, the Army has increased funding for organizational training at selected units, and the Navy has restarted some maintenance and ordered deployments that otherwise would not have happened. While we are still depending on furlough savings, we will be able to make up our budgetary shortfall in this fiscal year with fewer furlough days than initially announced.

This has been one of the most volatile and uncertain budget cycles the Department of Defense has ever experienced. Our fiscal planning has been conducted under a cloud of uncertainty with the imposition of sequestration and changing rules as Congress made adjustments to our spending authorities.

As we look ahead to fiscal year 2014, less than two months away, the Department of Defense still faces major fiscal challenges. If Congress does not change the Budget Control Act, DoD will be forced to cut an additional $52 billion in FY 2014, starting on October 1. This represents 40 percent more than this year's sequester-mandated cuts of $37 billion. Facing this uncertainty, I cannot be sure what will happen next year, but I want to assure our civilian employees that we will do everything possible to avoid more furloughs.

I want to thank our civilian workers for their patience and dedication during these extraordinarily tough times, and for their continued service and devotion to our department and our country. I know how difficult this has been for all of you and your families. Your contribution to national security is invaluable, and I look forward to one day putting this difficult period behind us. Thank you and God Bless you and your families.

Army College graduates 348 senior leaders from distance program

 Lt. Gen. Jeffrey Talley, Chief of the Army Reserve, shakes hands with Army War College Class of 2013 graduate Lt. Col. Gregory Tine, during the graduation ceremony July 26.



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Two senior Army leaders celebrated, and challenged the newest members of the alumni ‘club’ at today’s ceremony for the 348 graduates of the Army War College Class of 2013 distance education program.

Graduation speaker Lt. Gen. Jeffrey Talley, Chief of the U.S. Army Reserve, challenged the graduates to seek assignments outside of their comfort zone.  

 “Figure out how you can be a better, broader leader,” he said, challenging the graduates to step out of their comfort zones. “Serve in the interagency … serve out of your regiment … serve outside of your component … serve outside of your Service – and America and the Armed Forces will be better served for you doing so.”

Talley, a 2003 graduate of the program, recounted lessons of the past 10 years since he sat where the graduates sat today. “This is the same challenge that was issued to my class of 2003 by Secretary [Colin] Powell … Work to broaden your leadership by taking tough assignments that make you do something different.

“Every day I thought I’d be fired because every day I had an assignment I thought I was incapable of completing,” he said about an unplanned job at the J5 War on Terrorism Directorate, after graduation.

The experience, working as the only non special operators challenge him helped him further develop as a leader, he said.

Talley closed with congratulations.  

 “Although the world is still a dangerous and complex place, I find assurance and comfort and am humbled by the presence of so many great leaders,” he said to the graduates.


New USAWC graduate Army Lt. Col. Kathleen Porter celebrates with family members, including nephew Christian Porter (right) who sang the National Anthem for the Army War College Class of 2013 graduation.


Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, Army War College Commandant acknowledged the two arduous years of their studies, preparing students for their role as the next wave of strategic leadership for the nation.

 “I hope all of you – students and Family Members feel as though it is worth it,” he said.  “Economic, governmental, and national security organizations at the strategic level are being presented with some of the most complex issues and challenges our nation and her Armed Forces have faced in decades.

“Be prepared to use your newly acquired, sophisticated intellectual skills,” he said. “We need you – and you are ready.

"Be brave in the often gray and ambiguous environment of service at the strategic level,” said Cucolo. “Expect your moral courage to be tested -- frequently -- and recognize that exercising such courage often comes with personal and professional risk. You know how strongly I feel about this -- in the twisting and turning and uncertain strategic environment ahead, always stay on the moral high ground. If you do, you will always be in the right place.

"From your vantage point of the moral high ground … you will be content and confident knowing you have been true to yourself and those who have trusted you with their lives,” he said.

The majority of colonels and lieutenant colonels in the student body have served in Afghanistan and Iraq, or multiple deployments. Their ranks were enhanced by senior civilians with national security responsibilities. They’ve exchanged perspectives and created friendships during the two-year course with fellow leaders from Canada, Estonia, Lithuania and Moldova.

The graduating class included 309 Army officers (149 National Guard, 126 Army Reserve and 34 Active); 19 Marine Corps (six Reserve and 13 Active); two Navy Reserve officers; two Air Force officers (one Reserve, one Active); four international officers and 11 civilian leaders.

The end of the two-year course was bittersweet for some new graduates.

“It’s kind of hard to believe it’s over,” said graduate Army Col. Anthony Mohatt. “It will probably take a few days for that to sink in and be able to look back and fully appreciate this experience.”

“This has been an unbelievable experience,” said graduate Army Lt. Col. Jeanette Thompson. “It was exhausting at times -- but I’m proud to sit here now.”

New USAWC graduate Lt. Col. Army Lt. Col. Peter Moons takes the triumphant graduate walk as peers wait in line to accept the Army War College diploma from graduation guest Lt. Gen. Jeffrey Talley, Chief of U.S. Army Reserve; USAWC Commandant Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo and Provost Dr. Lance Betros. 



Special speakers, guests, activities add to resident course

The graduation ceremony marked the end of the two-year distance education experience and followed the final of two 2-week courses in residence at Carlisle. Course speakers included Gen. John Campbell, Vice Chief of Staff of the Army; retired Lt. Gen. Russell HonoreMaj. Gen. Glenn Lesniak, Deputy Commanding General (Support) for the Army Reserve; Brig. Gen. Michael Bobeck, Special Assistant To The Director at Army National Guard; and Dr. David Markowitz, Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff,G-3/5/7.

“I think each of the speakers and the entire resident course was a perfect way to cap off this experience,” said graduate Army Lt. Col. Edward Benz. “Each of the speakers brought a unique perspective to the issues facing us and the world.”

Campbellspoke to the class about a variety of issues including the effects of sequestration, the need for the students to ask the "hard questions," and the important roles they will play in the future of the nation's armed forces.

A special feature of the two-week resident course is the Commandant’s National Security Program, which invites civilian guests to join a student seminar and participate in the program.

Each day’s guest speaker or panel presentation inspired question-and-answer sessions with the full student body; and focused follow-on discussions in seminar.  Discussions explored media impact and academic perspectives on national security strategy development and implementation, the challenges of civil-military relations, the role of domestic politics in national security, globalization, foreign policy, and international security issues.

Honore,well known for serving as commander of Joint Task Force Katrina responsible for coordinating military relief efforts for Hurricane Katrina-affected areas across the Gulf Coast, had a pointed message about thinking outside the box.

“One hundred years ago, two bike makers from Ohio created the first airplane: be like them, be an example of how to get things done,” said Honore. “Don’t be afraid to take on the impossible.

 “Opportunity lies on the other side of impossible,” he said.

Max Cleland, U.S. Senator from Georgia, 1997-2003, and now secretary of the American Battle Monuments Commission, drew from his experiences as Soldier and Statesman in addressing the class.  A junior Army officer during the Vietnam War, he was awarded the Silver Star and the Bronze Star for valorous action in combat, including during the Battle of Khe Sanh on April 4, 1968.

“As leaders, we have to think things through to the end before we commit to boots on the ground,” he said. “My time in uniform helped impress on me that we have to be crystal clear about our objectives before we make that commitment.”

Students and guests took part in a Gettysburg staff ride in order to better understand what happened, why it happened, and what could be learned and applied to future strategic issues.

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Distance education Class of 2013 enters the final days of USAWC experience


A member of the Distance Education Class of 2013 asks a question during a presentation via VTC by the Army G-1 and G8 in Bliss Hall July 22. The class will officially mark the end of their studies with a graduation ceremony July 26 at 9 a.m. at the Wheelock Bandstand.


Update: July 24


Honore challenges students to ‘take on the impossible’

As their final two-week resident course drew to a close, marking the end of a two-year journey, a retired Army leader urged the members of the Distance Education Class of 2013 to continue to tackle challenges.

“Don’t be afraid to take on the impossible,” said retired Lt. Gen. Russel Honore, best known for serving as commander of Joint Task Force Katrina responsible for coordinating military relief efforts for Hurricane Katrina-affected areas across the Gulf Coast. Opportunity lies on the other side of impossible.”

He pointed out that in a world that uses planes, cell phone and the internet on a daily basis without thinking, people need to sometimes think outside the box.

“100 year ago two bike makers from Ohio created the first airplane,” he said. “Be like them, be an example of how to get things done.”

Honore shared stories from his time as an Army officer and specifically the challenges he faced in the response to Hurricane Katrina.  He reminded the students that each task, no matter how small is important in the overall success of the mission.

“We have to do the routine things well, or else we won’t succeed,” he said. “Everything worth doing requires sacrifice.”

Former Soldier, Senator Max Cleland delivers Danny Lewin lecture

A former Soldier, U.S. Senator and the youngest ever Administrator of the U.S. Veterans Administration shared his perspective on strategic leadership July 23 as part of the Danny Lewin Memorial Lecture.

Max Cleland, now the secretary of the American Battle Monuments Commission, spoke to the Army War College Distance Education Class of 2013 in Bliss Hall. The lecture in named in honor of Lewin, who was one of the nearly 3,000 people killed during the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and was aboard American Airlines flight 11 which crashed into the World Trade Center.

“I’m honored to be here and to even have my names spoken in the same sentence as Danny Lewin,” said Cleland. “We can’t forget people like him, those who made a stand against terror to try and save others.”

Cleland spoke at length about his experience as a Soldier and statesman.  Cleland served in the United States Army during the Vietnam War, attaining the rank of Captain. He was awarded the Silver Star and the Bronze Star for valorous action in combat, including during the Battle of Khe Sanh on April 4, 1968.

On April 8, 1968, Captain Cleland was the Battalion Signal Officer for the 2nd Battalion, 12th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division during the Battle of Khe Sanh.

On April 8, with a month left in his tour, Cleland was ordered to set up a radio relay station on a nearby hill. When the helicopter landed, Cleland jumped out, followed by two soldiers. They ducked beneath the rotors and turned to watch the liftoff. Cleland reached down to pick up a grenade he believed had popped off his flak jacket. It exploded and the blast slammed him backward, shredding both his legs and one arm. Due to the severity of his injuries, doctors amputated both of Cleland's legs above the knee, and his right forearm; he was 25 years old.

In 1970, Cleland was elected to the Georgia Senate where he was the youngest member of that body and the only Vietnam veteran.  He was re-elected to the State Senate in 1972.  There he authored and helped to enact into law legislation which for the first time made public facilities in Georgia accessible to the elderly and handicapped.  In 1975, he was appointed to the staff of the U.S. Senate Veterans Affairs Committee, where he investigated hospitals in the Veterans Administration health care system and their treatment of wounded U.S. troops returning from Vietnam.

He said that him time in uniform provided him insights that his colleagues lacked.

“As leaders we have to think things through to the end before we commit to boots on the ground,” he said. “My time in uniform helped impress on me that we have to be crystal clear about our objectives before we make that commitment.”

Cleland outlined things to consider when developing a strategy:

  • What are they (military forces) going to do?
  • What’s the objective?
  • How do we get them home?
  • Remember we are not the Red Cross, we don’t go in to rebuild nations
  • Never fight unless we have to
  • Never fight alone
  • Never fight for long

Cleland Bio

A former United States Senator and youngest ever Administrator of the U.S. Veterans Administration, Max Cleland has been a distinguished public servant for over 40 years.

Born and raised in Lithonia, Georgia, Cleland attended the Washington Semester Program at American University where he was inspired to enter public service.  In 1964, he earned his B.A. degree from Stetson University and received a Second Lieutenant’s Commission in the U.S. Army through its ROTC program.  Cleland holds a Masters Degree in American history from Emory University.  Both Stetson and Emory have awarded him honorary doctorate degrees.

In 1967, Cleland volunteered for service in the Vietnam War and was promoted to Army Captain.  Seriously wounded in combat in 1968, he was awarded both the Bronze Star for meritorious service and the Silver Star for gallantry in action.

Appointed in 1977 by President Jimmy Carter to head the Veterans Administration, Cleland managed the largest health care system in the country.  As the first Vietnam veteran to head the department, Cleland created the Vet Center counseling program.  Today, over 200 Vet Centers across America help veterans and their families deal with post-traumatic stress disorders and associated problems.  The Institute for Public Service, in 1977, awarded Cleland the Thomas Jefferson Award, which is given to an American under the age of 35 who makes the greatest contribution to public service.  The following year, Cleland received the Neal Pike Prize from Boston University for his outstanding contributions to the rehabilitation of disabled veterans.

In 1982, Cleland won election as Georgia’s youngest Secretary of State and served in that office for 12 years.  In 1996, he was elected to succeed Sam Nunn in the United States Senate.  Cleland held the seat on the Senate Armed Services Committee which was previously occupied by Nunn and Senator Richard Russell.

After his defeat for re-election in 2002, Cleland was appointed to the 9-11 Commission to study the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and to recommend safeguards against future attacks.  While a member of the Commission, Cleland served as an adjunct professor in Political Science at American University.  In late 2003, he was appointed to be a member of the Board of Directors for the Export-Import Bank of the United States, where he served for three and a half years.  Currently, Cleland is the Secretary of the American Battle Monuments Commission.

Two years spent behind computers screens, posting on messages boards and doing required readings while on vacation with the family have finally paid off as the Distance Education Class of 2013 reported to Carlisle Barracks for their final resident course July 15.


Dr. Mara Karlin, Principal Director for Strategy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, spoke to the Army War College Class of 2013 in Bliss Hall today. She focused her remarks on the complex and growing array of strategic challenges that face the nation and it's armed forces.


The 348-member class will officially wrap up their studies with a graduation ceremony at 9 a.m. on July 26, but before then are guest speakers like Gen. John Campbell, Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, Maj. Gen. Glenn Lesniak, Deputy Commanding General (Support) for the Army Reserve, Brig. Gen. Michael Bobeck, Special Assistant To The Director at Army National Guard and Dr. David Markowitz, Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff,G-3/5/7.

The class is made up of 309 Army (149 National Guard, 126 Army Reserve and 34 Active Duty); 19 Marine Corps (six Reserve and 13 Active Duty); two Navy Reserve, two Air Force (one Reserve, one Active Duty) officers; four international officers (Canada, Estonia, Lithuania and Moldova) and 11 civilians.

Markowitz spoke about the changing fiscal environment and the effects it is having on near-term readiness. He said that changes are looming to future force structure and end strength as resources decrease.

Col. Randall Fluke, a member of the Distance Education Class of 2013, ask a question during a presentation in Bliss Hall July 17. The 348-member class is at Carlisle Barracks for their last resident session before they complete their studies. Graduation will be held July 26 at 9 a.m. here.


He went on to say that for FY14 resources are uncertain at best, including how sequestration will be applied.

In addition to the guest speakers and seminar discussions, the students will take part in the Commandant’s National Security Program, the capstone event of the program. Civilian guests are invited to attend the program and are integrated into USAWC student seminars. 

Each day includes a guest speaker or a panel presentation and a general theme for discussion like the media impact and academic perspectives on national security strategy development and implementation, the challenges of civil-military relations, the role of domestic politics in national security, globalization, foreign policy, and international security issues. Besides the guest speakers and the seminar discussions, guests also have the opportunity to hear additional presentations during optional lunch time lectures on various national security related topics.

The students and the guests will also take part in a Gettysburg staff ride in order to better understand what happened, why it happened, and what could be learned and applied to future strategic issues. 

While here at Carlisle Barracks, the students are also able to take advantage of the new Army Wellness Center. Using state-of-the-art technology the staff takes readings on body composition, bio metrics, cardio vascular fitness and body fat percentage. The results are then used to develop a personalized fitness regiment including general nutrition and a dietary plan. After students leave Carlisle Barracks and return to their normal duty stations they will be able to maintain contact with the Wellness Center via Defense Connect Online to provide updates on fitness progress and overall health and wellness.

Sumner Road lane restrictions July 25

On July 25, Sumner Rd will be reduced to one lane from Craig Rd to Forbes Ave. Traffic will be controlled by flagman as previously performed during storm sewer and curb installation. Contractor will be installing new concrete sidewalk which will conclude all work impacting Sumner Rd. Once concrete has cured construction fencing will moved and sidewalk reopened for pedestrian use.

Heritage Heights power outage July 23

UPDATE-2: Power to Heritage Heights and Forbes Ave housing areas has been restored, following an unintended power outage in Heritage Heights and a precautionary power curtailment in order to safely troubleshoot the problem in Heritage Heights.


Heritage Heights housing area is experiencing a power outage as of 3 p.m. Tuesday, July 23.

In order to troubleshoot the problem, power will remain off in Heritage housing and be turned off along Forbes Ave. BBC is contacting residents by phone, email and in person.  The power will be off for at least 30 minutes, updates to follow as they become available.

Army War College to graduate 348 distance education students  

Chief of the U.S. Army Reserve, Lt. Gen. Jeffrey Talley, to speak to graduating students


CARLISLE BARRACKS, Pa. –  The U.S. Army War College hosts its graduation ceremony Friday, July 26 at 9 a.m. at the Wheelock Bandstand on the historic parade field of Carlisle Barracks, celebrating the accomplishments of the distance education Class of 2013.  

The 348 graduates of the Class of 2013 includes officers of the U.S. Army (149 National Guard, 126 Army Reserve,  34 Active), the U.S. Marine Corps (six Reserve and 13 Active); the U.S. Navy Reserve (2), the U.S. Air Force (one Reserve, one Active), and 11 federal Civilian leaders and senior international officers representing  Canada, Estonia, Lithuania and Moldova.     

The guest speaker is the Chief of the U.S. Army Reserve, Lt. Gen. Jeffrey Talley, a graduate of the U.S. Army War College.  As the Army Reserve Chief, Talley develops Army Reserve budgets, training programs and policy decisions; manages the Army Reserve troop program units, individual mobilization augmentees, and the Active Guard/Reserve program; and serves as the appropriations director for all Army Reserve funds. He commands all Army Reserve troop program units worldwide, with total end strength of 205,000 Soldiers and 12,600 civilians, and an operating budget of more than $9 billion dollars.  His former assignment was as Special Assistant to the Army’s Vice Chief of Staff. 

The distance education program offers a curriculum equivalent to the USAWC resident education program -- both leading to the Master's of Strategic Studies for those who complete all academic requirements.  The two-year program is largely internet-based, with online forums and two 2-week phases in residence at Carlisle Barracks.  

The final resident phase, July 14 - July 26, was highlighted by a Gettysburg strategic staff ride;  lectures from Army War College experts in international negotiations, leadership assessments, strategic Landpower, cyber security, Muslim perspectives, the Army Profession, the Middle East and implications for U.S. policy.  The busy two weeks included personalized wellness assessments, and opportunities to socialize with fellow students.

Army Vice Chief of Staff Gen. John F. Campbell addressed the class in a candid discussion of current and emerging issues of importance to senior military leaders.  Each day of the resident phase incorporates a special presentation followed by seminar discussion. Maj. Gen. Glenn Lesniak and Brig. Gen. Michael Bobeck led discussions in Reserve Component perspectives. The Army's G1 and G8, discussed Strategic Challenges in Resourcing, and the Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff, G3/5/7 dr. David Markowitz addressed Landpower.   Dr. Mara Karlin, Principal Director for Strategy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, spoke to the Army War College Class of 2013 about the complex and growing array of strategic challenges that face the nation and its armed forces. The Honorable Max Cleland addressed the class and its civilian guests on strategic leadership.

Former “Voice” contestant Christian Porter, a Pa. native and nephew of Class of 2013 grad Lt. Col. Kathleen Porter, will sing the national anthem during the ceremony. Musical support for the ceremony will be provided by the 28th Division Band of the Pennsylvania Army National Guard. And, the honor fires will be provided by the 1st Battalion, 108th Field Artillery of the 56th Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 28th Infantry Division.

The U.S. Army War College educates and further develops leaders for service at the strategic level and advances knowledge in the global application of Land Power. Since 1901, the Army War College has educated the senior leaders who served at the nation’s highest military positions in war and peace.In case of inclement weather, gate guards and signage will direct visitors to the indoor ceremony site.

USAHEC to host Korean War Commemoration Event July 27

A 6th Army tank is one of the highlights of the new Korean War exhibit on the Army Heritage Trail.

The 60th anniversary of the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement is inspiration for the Army Heritage and Education's special event, July 27 at 11 a.m. on the Army Heritage Trail, to commemorate the anniversary.

The Consul General for the Republic of Korea, Son Se-joo, Army War College Commandant Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo will officiate at the commemoration, and dedicate the new Korean War Exhibit on the Army Heritage Trail in honor of Korean War veterans.  

The AHEC event celebrates the special realtionship between veterans and the Center, which preserves their papers, mementoes, and memories.  Veterans of the April 22, 1951, action during the Chinese People's Volunteer Army Spring Offensive will be present to meet and greet, and participate in the event to honor the sacrifices of all who served in the conflict.

The first phase of the Korean War exhibit on the Army Heritage Trail will highlight an action of the 8th Ranger Company (Airborne) and the 6th Tank Battalion that took place during the Chinese People's Volunteer Army Spring Offensive that began on April 22, 1951. 

Veteran Rangers from the 8th Ranger Company (Airborne) that survived that fight -- including BG (Retired) Ranger James Herbert, COL (Retired) Ranger Bob Black, Ranger Eugene Rivera, Ranger Gill Gregory, Ranger Peter Torres and Major (Retired) David E. Teich, Sr -- will be at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center to dedicate the exhibit that highlights their actions.

With three army groups of 24 divisions and approximately 300,000 men, the Chinese People's Volunteer Army Spring Offensive sought to drive U.S. and allied forces back below Seoul.  In the center, the thrust fell upon heavily on the 24th Infantry Division, the 25th Infantry Division and the Republic of Korea 6th Division.  During the action, the 6th Division was routed and Chinese forces threatened to encircle the 24th and 25th divisions.

For historical footage, from the USAHEC collection, of GEN Mark Clark signing the armistice, view the 2-min video of the signing, with footage of Soldiers in Korea:

With the situation unclear, on April 23rd, the 8th Ranger Company (Airborne), attached to the 24th Infantry Division, was order to move forward to gain intelligence.  Over the next 18 hours, eighty-seven enlisted men and 3 officers advanced to high ground on the Division’s right flank.  After an exhausting march, they gained the summit of a ridgeline that offered observation of the enemy’s avenues of approach.   

As dawn broke on April 24th, the Rangers could see what appeared to be rivers of Chinese soldiers flowing southward. Captain James Herbert, the company commander, informed his seniors of the situation by radio and began to call artillery fire and air strikes on the enemy. Herbert and his Rangers were now deep in Chinese-controlled territory.  Receiving orders to return to U.S. Lines, Herbert successfully bypassed several of the advancing Chinese units.

As they moved south, their lead element scouts reported a large Chinese force blocking their route back to friendly lines. Though vastly outnumbered, Captain Herbert led the Rangers in an attack.    The Ranger action slowed the Chinese advance on the flank of the 5th Infantry Regimental Combat Team, another element of the 24th Infantry Division.  The Rangers were then ordered to "Get out as best you can;" but a third were wounded, including Captain Herbert, who was shot through the throat, shoulder and arm. 

With his company commander severely wounded, acting communications chief for the unit, Corporal Eugene Rivera, continued to report the movement of the Chinese forces and adjusted artillery fire on the enemy.  He sought relief for his outnumbered unit but friendly forces could not break through. Finally, a Ranger observed U.S. tanks in the valley floor.  He called to Rivera to communicate with the tanks. 

Unable to make contact from his location, Rivera refused to give up.  He moved to higher ground, a nearby barren hill under heavy and continuous fire, to improve radio communications.  There he established and maintained radio contact with the tank platoon leader who had been sent forward to help extricate the Rangers. .

That tank platoon leader was Lieut. David Teich, assigned to Company C, 6th Tank Battalion.  In the spring of 1951, his unit normally supported the 24th Division when they needed armor support.  Though his company commander directed him to withdraw, Teich could not leave those Rangers to be overrun.  Advancing towards a rendezvous location, he engaged the Chinese on surrounding high ground.  Finally, he linked up with the Rangers.  Placing the wounded on the tanks, Teich moved his Soldiers and the remaining 65 Rangers back to friendly lines.

AHEC presents: Free, public military history lecture

“Gettysburg: Whose Hallowed Ground? The Farms that Became a Battlefield”

The residents of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania woke up to a nightmare in the early days of July, 1863: an intense, bloody battle in your ‘back yard’ being fought between two of the world’s largest armies.

Author and historian Tom Vossler is guest speaker at AHEC’s next Perspectives in Military History, Tuesday, July 16 at 7:15 p.m., sharing stories of the men and women who happened to live on the 6,000 acre site of the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War. Vossler will focus on these men and women both before and during the battle, as well as their continuing battle with State and Federal governments for financial reimbursement for the hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage to property and real estate.

On the morning of July 1, 1863, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac clashed at the crossroad town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Both forces suffered horrific numbers of casualties, but the Federal troops forced the Confederates to retreat from the battlefield. Often overlooked are the some thirty-eight farms and homesteads located on the rolling ridges, swales, and fields upon which the battle was fought, as well as the people who owned the land.

Tom Vossler, combat veteran and retired U.S. Army colonel, is a former director of the U.S. Army Military History Institute and a licensed battlefield guide. He leads more than 100 battlefield tours and leadership seminars each year. His presentation is based on his June 2013 book, A Field Guide to Gettysburg, published by the University of North Carolina Press.

The Army Heritage and Education Center will open its doors at 6:30 PM. Parking is free and the museum store will be open. For more, visit, or call 717-245-3972.

Tough choices ahead for Army family programs

July 9, 2013

By J.D. Leipold

NATIONAL HARBOR, Md. (Army News Service, July 9, 2013) -- Speaking before 500 service spouses and educators, July 8, the Army's vice chief of staff didn't pull any punches about the negative impact continued sequestration could have on military programs for children.

During a presentation at the Military Child Education Coalition's 15th national training seminar here, Vice Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. John F. Campbell made clear that fiscal woes facing the country and the Army as it transitions out of Afghanistan and changes into a leaner force structure will also mean leaner funding for programs.

"I used to say that everything in Afghanistan was hard, but this is really hard and has to do with sequestration; it has to do with budget; it has to do with downsizing," Campbell said.

The general said that what is happening now is not new, however. He pointed out that the conclusion of every major conflict has also involved a downsizing of military forces.

Two weeks ago the Army announced just such a cut. The number of active brigade combat teams, known as BCTs, in the Army will be reduced from 45 to 33. Army leaders also said at the time they expected to eventually name an additional brigade to be eliminated. It's expected that eventually, a total of 13 BCTs would be eliminated -- many Soldiers in those brigades would move into other brigades.

Those moves are in response to force cuts put forth in the Budget Control Act of 2011. That act mandated an Army reduction in end strength of 80,000 Soldiers. That reduction will reduce the force to 490,000 Soldiers by 2017. The reduction does not take into consideration any additional cuts that might need to be made as a result of sequestration.

Campbell said that if sequestration continues, the Army would have to continue downsizing -- possibly by an additional 100,000 Soldiers from the active, Army National Guard and Army Reserve forces.

"[Secretary of the Army John M. McHugh and Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Ray Odierno] are committed to making sure that the critical family programs, and the programs that have the most impact on our children will continue to be funded at the levels they are now," Campbell said.

Campbell also said the Army's chief of staff is determined to keep the school liaison officers program at the same funding levels currently in effect, though the Army doesn't yet know if its fiscal year 2014 budget request will be fully funded.

Campbell said the Army's goal is to make sure programs that "benefit our children most, and that give us the biggest bang for the buck" are able to continue.

"But we shouldn't fool ourselves," he said. "It's not going to be the way it was the last 10 years -- our nation cannot afford it."

The vice chief also explained that money for many Army programs came as part of funding tied to fighting the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan -- funding known as the "overseas contingency operations," or OCO, budget. Now that the Army is out of Iraq, and moving ahead with pulling out of Afghanistan, OCO funding for those conflicts will diminish.

"We had different programs that came on board because we could, and in most cases it was for the right reasons," Campbell said. "What we're doing now is taking a look at all these programs and making sure we're not redundant where we don't have to be."

Campbell said the Army would try to do the best it could with the budget it gets.

"The bottom line is, the programs that we have we're taking a very hard look at and making sure we pick the right programs that impact the most people -- but that will be different at each post, camp or station," he said. "So we're going to power down and depend upon the senior mission and division commanders to provide us that input."

Campbell said audience members, upon returning to their home stations, could serve as advocates to their commanders for programs that work, and could also draw attention to those programs that do not work.   

Army Substance Abuse Program team invests in healthy military community

The Carlisle Barracks Army Substance Abuse Program team (1st row l to r) V. Jane Long-Koegel, social work­er; Lisa Wilson, drug testing coordinator; and Ann Marie Wolf, prevention coordinator; (2nd row) Jeremy Hicks, social worker; John Knowles, manager.After more than 30 years as a clinical social worker and manager, the Navy Commander retired to his home state of Pennsylvania to explore a special academic inter­est and pursue an old love of mu­sic. He earned a second master’s degree at Mount St. Mary’s Uni­versity in theology and partnered in two bands with his Scottish wife, Sharon, performing Irish and Scot­tish traditional music in Pennsyl­vania, Maryland, D.C and Virginia. Then, Carlisle Barracks lured him back to social work.


Since January, John Knowles, MSW, has been manager of the Army Sub­stance Abuse Program here. Serv­ing military personnel, employees and families, the five-person staff offers counseling and education. ASAP programs integrate preven­tion, identification and individual­ized treatment strategies.


“Alcohol and substance abuse don’t just affect the Soldier. It also affects their Families, readiness, and the overall mission,” said Knowles, who clarified ASAP’s role supporting military readiness.


Military members and family members who abuse alcohol and drugs are impaired, and that in turn impairs the mission, said Knowles. “It impedes the mission, not only in the field, but in garrison because of all the associated problems it creates, like DUI’s, accidents, marital and family discord, indebtedness -- all these things are compounded,” he said.


Among his assignments on active duty, Knowles directed counseling for Marines at Camp Lejeune, N.C.; directed the So­cial Work Department at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Md.; led the Navy Special Psychiatric Rapid Interven­tion Team (SPRINT) at the Pentagon after the 9/11 attack; and chaired the Behavioral Health Advisory Board at the Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery in Washington, DC.


“I am so impressed by the ASAP staff here,” said Knowles. “I find them all very seasoned, experienced, and competent care givers. There is a real cohesive team spirit here and everyone works to­gether well. Mission comes first, and the mere fact this staff was able to carry on the mission without a manager on board for an 18-month hiatus speaks volumes about their abilities.”


“There is nowhere else I’d rather be than at Carlisle Barracks supporting our men and women who protect our lives and free­doms,” said Ann Marie Wolf, prevention coordinator. One of the great things about this staff is that we work quickly and well to­gether and that really pays off for the Soldiers and their Families. We have experts in their fields who know how to help people effectively work through challenges.”


“When the opportunity to come work here became available I saw it as a way to help support our military,” said social worker V. Jane Long-Koegel. “I feel that substance abuse and prevention is the most important issue for the health of the service.


“What is special about working here is that you really interact with all components of the military, Ac­tive duty, National Guard, Reserve, retirees and Family members, she said.


The ASAP office serves a diverse population including military and military retirees, Family members from Active, Reserve and Nation­al Guard, to include Recruiting and ROTC programs across the state, as well as organizations at Fort Indiantown Gap and Letter­kenny Army Depot.


“What means the most to me is being able to help Soldiers and Families, especially when we are dealing with so many challenges as a military,” said Lisa A. Wilson, drug testing coordinator.


ASAP is also responsible for the Employee Assistance Program services to Army civilian employees.

A voluntary program for em­ployees, EAP can include assessment and evaluation, help iden­tify problems, and assist with the referral process.


“EAP is a management tool that can be used to assist civilian em­ployees struggling with whatever kind of difficulty,” said Knowles. “The problems don’t necessarily have to relate to alcohol and drugs. It can be related to indebtedness, relationship problems, child-rearing problems, mental health problems, etc.


“We are basically a springboard to aid and assist the employee to find resources in the community at large to assist them resolve their problems. EAP does not provide long term services; the cost of care for services in the community must be borne by the em­ployee, either through insurance coverage or private means,” he explained.


“I enjoy working with people and seeing them make positive changes in their lives,” said ASAP social worker Jeremy Hicks. “While this is a unique installation in terms of population, it’s still true that people make positive changes for themselves and their Families every day. I’m glad to be part of this great team.”


Call ASAP at 717-245-3845 to learn about their programs, and learn whether they offer the help that you, a friend, or co-worker, may need.

Army Substance Abuse Program
Summer Sense – 101 Days of Summer


“Alcohol, Medications and Older People”– information provided by the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board, alcohol education, LCB-242 05/11 and The Council of Southeast Pennsylvania, INC.

Someone you care about has a problem.

You’re concerned – and with just cause. An older close friend or family member is taking medications and drinking alcohol at the same time. Or your loved one may have a medical condition that can be made worse because of alcohol.

What can I do?

The first step is to see if your loved one is aware of the situation. Does your older friend or relative know about the possible dangers of taking medications and alcohol together – or is he or she aware and just doesn’t care? Does your loved one know that alcohol can make an existing medical condition worse – or does it just not matter to him or her?

Share the facts.

Many changes happen to one’s body and health as he or she gets older – it’s a fact of life. The body takes longer to break down alcohol and that means it stays in your system longer. This can cause an older adult to have a different – and sometimes severe – reaction to alcohol than they did in the past.

85% of adults age 65 and older take at least one prescription drug.  Over half of all prescriptions for older adults contain a sedative that can make you sleepy. Drinking alcohol while taking these drugs can be especially dangerous as a person gets older.

Your loved one can develop new health problems as he or she ages. Or existing health problems can become worse. Alcohol can make existing problems worse, sometimes life-threatening or even cause new complications to occur.

In fact, if your older friend or relative has diabetes, gout, ulcers or chronic indigestion, he or she should check with a physician or pharmacist before drinking any alcohol at all.

Prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications can increase or intensify the effects of alcohol. Bad reactions ranging from minor to severe can occur. Tranquilizers, sleeping pills, pain killers, and antihistamines can be especially dangerous or even fatal when combined with alcohol.

Aging Statistics – provided by US Dept of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging,


39 million people 65+ (2008) of this

  • 6 million 85+ (2008)

Between 2010 and 2030, with the aging of the baby boomer generation (1946 – 1964), this will reach 72 million or 20% of total.

Pennsylvania is a state with the 3rd highest percentage of older adults – 15.3% - behind Florida and West Virginia.


Abuse of alcohol and prescription drugs by those over 60 is one of the fastest growing health problems in the United States.




A dangerous mix.


When alcohol is consumed in combination with drugs or herbals it can impair judgment, speed up or slow down the effects of the drugs, and cause drowsiness.


Alcohol in combination with antibiotics can result in symptoms which include headache, rapid pulse, vomiting, heart palpations and breathing too fast.


Alcohol can irritate your bladder and cause you to urinate more often. This can make an older adult more susceptible to heat stress, heat stroke, and dehydration.


Is it the aging process or alcohol? 


In addition to the dangers of mixing alcohol with medications, your loved one should know how alcohol affects the overall aging process.


Problems he or she might blame on aging, such as insomnia, depression, memory loss or decreased sex drive, might instead be caused by alcohol use or abuse.


Alcohol use can also harm older adults in other ways. Alcohol may affect a person’s ability to digest food which could lead to malnutrition. The liver can be damaged by alcohol misuse. Alcohol could cause loss of coordination and balance which could lead to falls and broken bones.


Determine the reason behind his or her drinking.


Is your loved one is ignoring the potential dangers of mixing alcohol and drugs – or drinking more alcohol than before? If so, help your loved one take an honest look at why his or her drinking habits have changed.


Has there been a life-changing event such as the death of a spouse, failing health, retirement, or loss of independence? Has his or her self-esteem dropped? Does your loved one have too much free time, spend too much time alone or have a previous history of depression?


What can you do to help?


If someone close to you has experienced a difficult change or loss, you can use your relationship with them as a tool to help them through this difficult time.


One way that you can help is to become more involved in your loved one’s life and daily routines. You can also help your loved one find new activities to enjoy and occupy his or her time.


 Remember to look for any changes in your loved one’s behavior or appearance that may suggest the beginning of a problem with alcohol.


If you think there might be an alcohol abuse problem, seek the advice of a professional before you share your concerns with your loved one.


A professional counselor, especially one trained in the special need of older individuals as well as alcohol abuse, can help you approach the issue with your loved one. That professional can also guide you and your friend or relative to the help he or she needs. The blue pages of the phone book have listings of resources including: psychological professionals, social service agencies and local health departments.



Identifying, intervening with, and supporting individuals can lead to a better quality of life for older adults.


Peer support providers can recognize some of the unique recovery needs of older adults.


Your interest and effort in helping your loved one could make a big difference in returning them to a safer, healthier lifestyle.



For assistance or additional information contact the Prevention office at 245 – 4576 or check out the PA Department of Aging at:






USAWC grads, Fellows in the news

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced July 2 that the President has made the following nominations:

War College grad Army Col. Christopher F. Bentley has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Bentley is currently serving as commandant, U.S. Army Field Artillery School, U.S. Army Fires Center of Excellence, Fort Sill, Okla.

War College grad Army Col. James R. Blackburn has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Blackburn is currently serving as assistant deputy director, operations, J3, Joint Staff, Washington, D.C.

War College grad Army Col. Willard M. Burleson III has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Burleson is currently serving as deputy commander, 7th Infantry Division, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wash.

War College grad Army Col. Jeffrey A. Farnsworth has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Farnsworth most recently served as chief, space capabilities integration, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C.

War College Fellow Army Col. Douglas M. Gabram has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Gabram most recently served as deputy commander, U.S. Army Aviation Center, Fort Rucker, Ala.

War College Fellow Army Col. Randy A. George has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  George is currently serving as executive officer to commander, U.S. Central Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.

War College grad Army Col. Maria R. Gervais has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Gervais is currently serving as deputy commander, U.S. Army Cadet Command, Fort Knox, Ky.

War College Fellow Army Col. David P. Glaser has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Glaser is currently serving as deputy provost marshal general/deputy commander, U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command and Army Corrections Command, Washington, D.C.

War College grad Army Col. Thomas C. Graves has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Graves is currently serving as director, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kan.

War College grad Army Col. Richard G. Kaiser has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Kaiser is currently serving as chief of staff, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, N.C.

War College Fellow Army Col. David W. Riggins has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Riggins is currently serving as director, acquisition and integration division, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller), Washington, D.C.

War College grad Army Col. Kurt J. Ryan has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Ryan is currently serving as military assistant to the assistant secretary of defense (logistics and materiel readiness), Washington, D.C.

War College grad Army Col. Scott A. Spellmon has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Spellmon is currently serving as commander, U.S. Army Operational Test Command, Fort Hood, Texas.

War College grad Army Col. Clarence D. Turner has been nominated for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Turner is currently serving as commander, U.S. Army Engineer Division, South Pacific, San Francisco, Calif.


Carlisle Barracks, Army War College furloughs to begin July 8

As directed by the Secretary of Defense on May 14, a furlough of up to 11 days has been directed for Department of Defense civilian personnel. The furlough period begins July 8, ending with the fiscal year, on Sept. 30. Affected employee are placed in a non-pay, non-duty status for one day each week. Approximately 700 civilian employees would be affected, out of the 1700-person workforce (which includes military faculty and staff, Army War College students, and Morale, Welfare and Recreation workers).

As a reminder, furlough days at Carlisle Barracks are the 1st day of the work week, starting July 8, and will continue every Monday thereafter until the end of September. The one exception is the Tuesday following Labor Day federal holiday which is a furlough day in lieu of Monday.

The following Carlisle Barracks and Army War College schedules and services WILL be affected:  

  • Dunham Army Health Clinic – Closed Mondays, but the clinic will now be open on Thursday afternoons. No Tuesday evening allergy shots.
  • Carlisle Barracks Commissary -- Closed Tuesdays [in addition to the current Monday closures for stocking].
  • Legal assistance/ claims – legal/claims services suspended Mondays.
  • Military retiree services, ID card services, and passport and visa services -Closed Mondays.
  • Military Personnel Services- Closed Mondays.
  • Army Education Center --  Closed Mondays.
  • Army Community Service, Substance Abuse Program – Closed Mondays.
  • Army Family Housing – Closed Mondays.
  • Civilian Personnel Office – Closed Mondays.
  • Garrison Headquarters – Closed Mondays.
  • Cumberland Café – Closed Mondays.
  • Equal Employment Opportunity- Closed Mondays.
  • Army Heritage and Education Center - Closed Mondays. For special request contact Lt. Col. Chris Leljedal, 245-4114. 
  • Safety Office- Closed Mondays.
  • Contracting Office – Closed Mondays.
  • Veterinary Clinic—Limited hours.
  • Gyms, pools, bowling center, auto and craft shop, engraving/frame shop, and leisure travel services—Check for reduced hours.
  • Expect delays of vehicle/truck inspections at Claremont Road Gate depending on traffic volume.

There are NO schedule changes for the following agencies/services

  • Post Exchange
  • Carlisle Barracks/Letterkenny Child Development Centers
  • Dental Clinic
  • Carlisle Barracks Youth Services/Summer Camp/Sports
  • LVCC
  • Golf Course
  • Army Lodging
  • Joint Pub/Tiki Bar
  • Outdoor Recreation
  • Post Chapel
  • Root Hall Deli
  • Military Family Life Consultant
  • Army Wellness Center

Updates and changes to the schedule will be posted on the Army War College Facebook page at and the Army War College homepage at




'Rebels' return to Carlisle Barracks: Visitors tour new Civil War Exhibit at AHEC, Civil War sites with expert commentary

Carlisle Barracks, Pa. – Carlisle Barracks and the town of Carlisle again suffered the wrath of insurgents on Monday, July 1. The Army War College and Historic Carlisle, Inc. teamed to provide presentations about the burning of Carlisle Barracks and the shelling of Carlisle 150 years ago.

The rebels shelling the New York Militia in the main street of Carlisle Pennsylvania. Photo from July 25, 1863 edition of Harper's Weekly, provided by the Army Heritage and Education Center.

More than 150 visitors started a tour of the Carlisle Barracks portion of local Civil War events at noon at the Army Heritage and Education Center where they toured a new exhibit, "A Great Civil War: 1863 Battles that Define a Nation".

The afternoon started with Steve Knott, Army War College, leading a discussion in a multi-purpose room at AHEC about how and why Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart ended up in Carlisle while the rest of the Confederates were converging on Gettysburg.

Strategically, Robert E. Lee wants to destroy the Army of the Potomac, said Knott. “Harrisburg is bait,” he said. Lee wanted to concentrate his forces near the capitol and he expected the Union army to arrive piecemeal so Lee could destroy each part individually, said Knott.

After Knott's discussion, guests boarded a bus to enter historic Carlisle Barracks for a presentation by senior AHEC historian Dr. Dick Sommers on Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard Ewell’s occupation of Carlisle Barracks and why Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart decided to burn the post.

The invasion of Pennsylvania very much involved Carlisle Barracks, said Sommers. “One-hundred and fifty years ago today, July 1, 1863, while heavy fighting raged at Gettysburg other troops reached Carlisle to fight our own little battle right here,” he said.

Dr. Sommers' presentation started at Wheelock Bandstand on the historic parade field and finished at the Hessian Museum. Guests returned to AHEC afterwards.

Visit to see Steve Knott's discussion or to see Dr. Sommers' discussion.

There are almost a dozen other local events commemorating the Civil War in the coming weeks. Visit additional information.