Banner Archive for July 2008
 

Distance Education Class of 2008 graduation photos

 

 
 

 

   
   

 


Army Substance Abuse Program
What parents need to know about college drinking          

     The following information was gathered from The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

A Snapshot of Annual High-risk College Drinking Consequences.

It is important to remember that these consequences may affect your son or daughter whether or not they drink.

  • Death: 1,400 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die each year from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor vehicle crashes.
  • Injury: 500,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are unintentionally injured under the influence of alcohol.
  • Assault: More than 600,00 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are assaulted by another student who has been drinking.
  • Sexual Abuse: More than 70,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are victims of alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape.
  • Unsafe Sex: 400,00 students between the ages of 18 and 24 have unprotected sex and more than 100,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 report having been too intoxicated to know if they consented to having sex.
  • Academic Problems: About 25 percent of college students report academic consequences of their drinking including missing class, falling behind, doing poorly on exams or papers, and receiving lower grades overall.
  • Health Problems/Suicide Attempts: More that 150,000 students develop an alcohol-related health problem and between 1.2 and 1.5 percent of students indicate that they tried to commit suicide within the past year due to drinking or drug use.
  • Drunk Driving: 2.1 million students between the ages of 18 and 24 report driving under the influence of alcohol last year.
  • Vandalism: About 11 percent of college students report that they have damaged property while under the influence of alcohol.
  • Property Damage: More than 25 percent of administrators from schools with relatively low drinking levels and over 50 percent from schools with high drinking levels say their campuses have a "moderate" or "major" problem with alcohol-related property damage.
  • Police Involvement: About 5 percent of 4-year college students are involved with the police or campus security as a result of their drinking. An estimated 110,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are arrested for an alcohol-related violation such as public drunkenness or driving under the influence.
  • Alcohol Abuse and Dependence: 31 percent of college students met criteria for diagnosis of alcohol abuse and 6 percent for diagnoses of alcohol dependence in the past 12 months, according to questionnaire-based self-reports about their drinking.

 

PARENTS ARE A PRIMARY INFLUENCE. As a parent of a College Freshman – Stay involved:

 

  • Pay special attention to your son's or daughter's experiences and activities during the crucial first 6 weeks on campus. With a great deal of free time, many students initiate heavy drinking during these early days of college, and the potential exists for excessive alcohol consumption to interfere with successful adaptation to campus life. You should know that about one-third of first-year students fail to enroll for their second year.
  • Find out if there is a program during orientation that educates students about campus policies related to alcohol use. If there is one, attend with your son or daughter, or at least be familiar with the name of the person who is responsible for campus counseling programs.
  • Inquire about and make certain you understand the college's "parental notification" policy.
  • Call your son or daughter frequently during the first 6 weeks of college.
  • Inquire about their roommates, the roommates' behavior, and how disagreements are settled or disruptive behavior dealt with.
  • Make sure that your son or daughter understands the penalties for underage drinking, public drunkenness, using a fake ID, driving under the influence, assault, and other alcohol-related offenses. Indicate to them that you have asked the college/university to keep you informed of infractions to school alcohol policies.  (for alcohol policies on college campuses see www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/policies).
  • Make certain that they understand how alcohol use can lead to date rape, violence, and academic failure.
  • Stay actively involved in the life of your child.

For more information contact the Army Substance Abuse Program – 245-4576.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Pfc. Jennifer Rick, U.S. Army War College Public Affairs Office
Carlisle Barracks Soldiers compete in CSM Cup

Chief Warrant Officer 2 Chad Bowen, Human Resources Directorate Personnel Officer, shoots during the three on three basketball game July 9. Headquarters Company/Vet Command won the game in overtime, 5 to 2. Photo by Charity Murtorff.

July 22, 2008 -- Carlisle Barracks' enlisted Soldiers traded their ACUs for athletic attire July 8th, 9th and 11th to participate in the Command Sgt. Maj. Cup tournament.

    The competition was between two teams, Headquarters Company and the Veterinary Clinic, and Dunham U.S. Army Health Clinic and Dental Clinic.

    The tournament consisted of 12 events, explained Chuck Gentile, Carlisle Barracks sports director. They were bowling, volleyball, home run derby, horseshoes, three on three basketball, 5k run, one mile relay (run), one mile relay (walk), darts and 100 yard dash.

    Garrison and Vet Clinic Soldiers won the overall tournament after coming out on top in seven events, explained HHC 1st Sgt. Wendell Huddleston.

    The Carlisle Barracks Sports Staff officiated all the events, Gentile said. They also coordinated the tournament, which has been held every year since 1999.

    The friendly competition is good for morale, said Sgt. 1st Class Jeremiah Garland, Dunham's 1st Sgt.

    Huddleston feels the same way.

    "It definitely built team cohesion, not only for Garrison and Dunham separately, but also for the enlisted Soldiers as a whole across the installation," he said. "With such a wide variety of missions going on, it was good for the Soldiers to come together and have a little fun in the spirit of competition."

    The cup finished with an awards presentation at the installation picnic July 11. The members of the teams were given medals and trophies for their winning participation in the sporting events.


ASAP training opportunities 

    The following prevention classes will be offered in addition to online training as part of the Summer Sense Campaign. You must make a reservation to ensure a space in the class. Classes are available to the entire Carlisle Barracks community to include family members.

July – Summer Sense: Alcohol Awareness

Thursday, July 24                                              11:00am            ASAP, 632 Wright Ave

Tuesday, July 29                                               1:00pm             ASAP, 632 Wright Ave

    This class will challenge common beliefs and attitudes that directly contribute to high risk alcohol abuse. We will discuss how our choices can protect or harm the things that we love and value. The class will also provide information concerning with college drinking.

 

August – Stress and Anxiety in The Workplace

Tuesday, Aug.19                                               11:00am            ASAP, 632 Wright Ave

Thursday, Aug. 21                                             1:00pm             ASAP, 632 Wright Ave

Tuesday, Aug. 26                                              11:00am            ASAP, 632 Wright Ave

    This class will help you learn what to stress, or, in other words, how to manage your stress. Whether your stress comes from personal problems or professional pressures, you'll learn how to approach stressful situations on and off the job and how to manage your own reactions to stress.

    You can schedule unit or organization training by contacting the ASAP office at 245-4576.

    For more information or to schedule individual organization training, contact the Prevention office at 245-4576/3790.

 

 


Distance education program graduation July 25

July 22, 2008 -- The distance education students of the U.S. Army War College Class of 2008 will graduate here Friday, July 25 at 9 a.m. at the historic parade ground's Wheelock Bandstand. 

     The 276 graduates include six students from Pa., among the 101 Army National Guard, 101 Army Reserve, 32 active Army, one Air Force, six Marine Corps, six Marine Reserve, nine Navy Reserve, nine civilians and six USAWC faculty/staff members under the Commandant's Program.  Also in attendance are five International Fellows—foreign military officers, from Denmark, India, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Taiwan.

     The keynote address will be given by Lt. Gen. William G. Webster, Jr., deputy commander, U.S. Northern Command and vice commander of the U.S. Element, North American Aerospace Defense Command, headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base, Colo.   Webster is also a graduate of the USAWC Resident Class of 1995.

    Inclement weather will move the ceremony to the Bliss Hall auditorium.

 

 


Salmonella Saintpaul Outbreak: Updated: 21 July 2008

July 21, 2008 -- The FDA is updating its warning to consumers nationwide concerning the outbreak of Salmonella serotype Saintpaul. As of today, FDA officials believe that consumers may enjoy all types of fresh tomatoes available on the domestic market, without concern of becoming infected with Salmonella Saintpaul.

    The agency is removing the warning that has been in place since June 7, which states that consumers should avoid certain types of fresh tomatoes due to a potential connection to the Salmonella Saintpaul outbreak

    Consumers may resume enjoying any type of fresh tomato, including raw red plum, raw red Roma, and raw red round tomatoes.

    While we are changing our consumer guidance about tomatoes, we reiterate our guidance to consumers that those in vulnerable populations (infants, the elderly, and immune-compromised people) should avoid eating jalapeño and serrano peppers as the investigation continues.  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has found that many, but not all, of the people who have become ill during the outbreak also reported eating jalapeño or serrano peppers.

    Since April, more than 1,000 people infected with Salmonella Saintpaul with the same genetic fingerprint have been identified in 42 states, the District of Columbia, and Canada.

 


Vehicle Registration Office closure July 25

  The Vehicle Registration Office will be closed the morning of Friday, July 25, in support of the Department of Distance Education graduation.  The office will reopen at noon for normal operations.

 


Meadows Ribbon Cutting Photos

   
   


Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Save money but stay safe

June 30, 2008 – With gas prices soaring near $4 a gallon, riding a scooter into work doesn't sound like a bad idea. However, if you decide to go out and buy one, don't skimp when it comes to safety.

    When it comes to scooters, mopeds or motor-assisted bicycles, the Department of Defense considers them all motorcycles, according to regulations. Department of the Army Police Sgt. First Class Svend Sheppard knows the dangers and need for safety first-hand, having ridden scooters since 1983.

    "I've been riding since high school, after my first ride I was in love," said Sheppard. "But the safety part of riding is really the most important. Taking the motorcycle safety course puts you in the ride frame of mind to ride."

    Sheppard also points out that people enjoying scooters isn't really a new occurrence.

   "Scooters really been around for quite awhile," he said. "You're hearing more about it now because of gas prices but it's not a new concept."

    One of the things that Sheppard said he likes about riding is the freedom he feels while riding.

    "It's really a different kind of driving that's hard to explain, either you get it or you don't," he said. "Plus a whole day of driving for $6 isn't bad either."

    Sheppard recommend a few things for people who are looking to buy a scooter:

·         Buy a reputable names, quality is really important

·         Look at the safety features of the scooter, read safety reports

·         Is it a visible color? That makes a difference on the road

   However there are a few things to keep in mind if you plan on riding to work.  

   "There are mandatory safety requirements if they want to ride their scooter or moped on Carlisle Barracks," said Sheppard. "No matter what size bike or scooter you are riding, you really should get a license and complete the safety training. It's really about avoiding incidents and learning to drive defensively."

    In accordance with DoD regulations, to ride a motorcycle or scooter on the installation a rider must:

·         Have completed the motorcycle safety course

·         A valid U.S. Government Motor Vehicle Operator's Identification Card (OF-346)

·         Wear Personal Protective Equipment, to include a helmet, goggles or face shield, sturdy footwear, long-sleeved shirts or jacket, a brightly colored outer garment during the day or reflective garment during the night and full-fingered gloves.

·         Be appropriately licensed (i.e. Pennsylvania Motorcycle license) 

    If you don't meet the guideline above, it may result in being prohibited to ride the motorcycle on the installation according to Sheppard. If a rider comes to post without reflective gear, vests are available for sign-out from the DA guards.

    People can sign-up for the motorcycle safety class on Carlisle Barracks by contacting Jim Aiello, safety officer at 245-3453. The training is offered to anyone who wants or needs it and has a motorcycle permit, including civilians.  The course includes both classroom instruction and riding instruction. Classroom instruction focuses on such motorcycle safety issues as protective gear, basic riding skills, shifting, stopping, swerving, turning, and mental skills for hazard avoidance.  Riding safety instruction on an obstacle course will take place during the Sunday classes.

 


Two Carlisle Barracks parking lots to close

Parking lots 314 and 315 will be closed Saturday, July 19 from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. to be painted for motorcycle safety training course.


Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Strategic planners get their start at USAWC

 

Students in the Basic Strategic Art Program participate in a discussion during a recent class held in Root Hall. The program is designed to help educate newly-designated Functional Area 59, Strategic Plans and Policy, officers in the fundamentals of national strategy. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.

June 27, 2008 – Not only is the U.S. Army War College home to the Army's senior service college but it also helps prepare the next generation of strategic planners.

    The Basic Strategic Art Program is an intensive 14-week graduate-level program conducted at the U.S. Army War College to educate newly-designated Functional Area 59, Strategic Plans and Policy, officers in the fundamentals of national strategy, according to Maj. Chuck Moore, BSAP director.

    The course introduces the students, typically majors, to the skills and knowledge needed for their development as Army strategists.

      In late 2002, the BSAP conducted a pilot course  at the request from the Army G3 to develop a basic qualification course for the FA 59s. After a successful pilot, the program was made mandatory for all newly designated FA 59 officers. The program now conducts three courses per year, graduating an average total of 45 officers.

    The course's six modules explore strategic theory, strategic art, Joint and Army Systems, national security decision-making, contemporary strategic challenges and landpower. In many cases the modules are presented as case studies that challenge  the students to dissect and discuss the strategic aspects of the example.

    "The goal of the course is to review the history, application, and evolution of strategy in all of its complexity not so a student can access a particular historic event and try to apply it today, but rather so a graduate can recognize current and future issues within their strategic context and provide an informed strategic appraisal," said Moore. The course is taught by Moore, Dr. Michael Matheny and retired Col. Stephen Kidder.

    "We take full advantage of the War College's resident experts in joint operations, strategic leadership, history, national security policy formulation, and regional studies," said Moore. "One of the real advantages of being collocated with the USAWC is that we share guest speakers, educational resources, and seize on targets of opportunities as USAWC sponsors other events such as listening in to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army as he addressed the distance education class."

   The course has been beneficial, according to one of the students.

      "What I find really valuable is how relevant events that we learn about in history are today," said Maj. Andrew Brown, an infantry officer and new FA 59. "While the details and forces involved are vastly different the fundamentals are still the same." 

   Brown said that the program has opened his eyes to a whole new way of thinking about strategic planning.

    "This has been a great opportunity for me to see how and why decisions are made at the strategic level," said Brown. "It's truly valuable to see what you have to consider at the strategic operations level. You don't always see all of the factors at the operational or execution level."

    Moore knows the benefits of the program firsthand as a 2004 graduate.

   "It's an immensely important course. It helped me refine the skills and tools that are needed as a strategic planner on a tactical staff," he said. "This course helped prepare me to handle the responsibilities of my next assignment." Before coming back to Carlisle Barracks, Moore was one of the plans and policy officer for the Multi National Force – Iraq.

    An officer in the current class agreed.  

     "This is a fascinating course that really delves into the challenges we'll face as strategic planners," said Maj. Daniel Ruecking, a 10-year field artillery officer.  

     Two staff rides and a five-day joint theater-strategic planning add to the students" experience. The first staff ride is a series of visits to key government agencies, to include the CIA, Department of State, Pentagon and National Security Council. The second staff ride focuses on Grant's Overland Campaign of 1964-1865 to assess the strategic and operational lessons of war.  The exercise tests the students' ability to apply the lessons learned in the course to develop a theater–strategic campaign plan.

    Aside from the learning opportunities, one of the students said that one of the important benefits is the seminar environment.

    "I think one of the greatest values of the course is the fact that we have 15 fellow 59s in the class," said Ruecking. "We're all learning together and establishing relationships that will last the rest of our career." Ruecking will report to the Army G3 after completion of the course.

    "What's important to note is that the class brings together officers from all of the different components of the Army," said Moore. "We have students from the active duty Army side, Army National Guard and Army Reserve. They all bring different perspectives to the course that really enriches the discussions."

  


Jessica Bittle, Security Specialist Army War College
Preventing identify theft  

July 16, 2008 -- Recently the Department of the Army released an Operations Security (OPSEC) notice to all personnel warning of a new scam targeting Army personnel and families.

    The scam alleges to be from Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) and Army Human Resources Command (HRC) informing families of deceased soldiers that they are entitled to monetary compensation in excess of $12,000,000 available to them in one week in exchange for personally identifiable information (PII) such as Social Security Numbers, dates of birth, address, etc. Then, they are advised to e-mail the PII to an overseas Yahoo account to expedite payments.

    All Army personnel should take precautions to prevent themselves from becoming victims of this and similar internet scams. Army personnel should also inform family members and urge them to take precautionary measures when using the internet.

   The following may be indicators of a scam:

 

1.     Suspicious e-mail address

2.     Generic subject line and message body

3.     Poor use of English

4.     Suspicious hyperlinks

5.     Suspicious attachments

6.     Attachments containing macros (you may be asked to enable macros)

7.     Requests for PII (such as SSN, DOB, passwords, etc.)

 

    To avoid victimization, the following precautions are advised for use on personal computers:

- Do not reply to or click on links in e-mail or pop-up messages, from suspicious or untrusted sources, that ask for personal or financial information. Do not cut and paste a link from a message into your web browser - scammers can make links look like they go to a certain place, but they actually send you to a different site. Simply delete the suspicious emails.

- Some scammers send an e-mail that appears to be from a legitimate business and ask you to call a phone number to update your account or access a refund. Because they use Voice Over Internet Protocol technology, the area code you call does not reflect where the scammers really are. If you need to reach an organization you conduct business with, call the number on your financial statements or on the back of your credit card.

- Use anti-virus and anti-spyware software, as well as a firewall, and update them on a regularly basis.

- Do not e-mail personal or financial information.

- Review credit card and bank account statements as soon as you receive them to check for unauthorized charges.

- Be cautious about opening any attachment or downloading any files from emails you receive, regardless of who sent them.

- Forward phishing emails to spam@uce.gov - and to the company, bank, or organization impersonated in the email. You also may report phishing e-mail to the Anti-Phishing Working Group at reportphishing@antiphishing.org. A consortium of internet providers, security vendors, financial institutions and law enforcement agencies, uses these reports to fight internet scams. If a suspected scam e-mail is received in your Army computer account, report it to CARL_ReportSpam@conus.army.mil.

     If you have been the victim of an internet scam, visit the Federal Trade Commission's Identity Theft website at www.ftc.gov/idtheft  for recovery guidance.

 


Col. Randy Pullen, U.S. Army Reserve, Retired
A history of today's All-Volunteer Army

July 15, 2008 -- In actuality, an All-Volunteer Army has been the norm for the Army throughout most of its history.  The nation has used conscription (or as it is commonly called in America, the draft) for only 35 of the 233 years it has had an Army to raise and maintain.

    From the American Revolution to the Civil War, the U.S. Army relied on volunteers to fill its ranks, both in peacetime and during wartime.  The states occasionally resorted to conscription to fill their militia units but it wasn't until the Civil War that the first national conscription took place.  The Confederacy started a draft in 1862 and the Union instituted one in 1863.  Both sides allowed draftees to hire substitutes to take their place.  In the North, a draftee could also be exempted by paying $300.

    The draft was extremely unpopular in both the North and the South, in large part due to the perception that the rich could get out of serving.  Riots broke out in several cities in the North, the most serious taking place in New York City.  The New York City Draft Riot in July 1863 resulted in more than 100 deaths (some estimates are 500 or more deaths), 2,000 injuries and extensive property damage.  Federal troops, including veterans of the just-concluded Battle of Gettysburg, and New York militia units were deployed to put down the riot.     

    The Civil War draft was more of an incentive – or threat – to spur enlistments, as were the hefty bounties and bonuses offered by Northern states and cities for enlisting.  The vast majority of troops volunteered; of more than 2,000,000 men who served in the Union Army, less than ten percent were draftees or paid substitutes.  In the South, conscription accounted for about 30 percent of those who served in the Confederate Army.

    The miniscule post-Civil War Regular Army relied on recruiters to get the Soldiers it needed.  No draft was necessary for the Spanish-American War in 1898 either.  More than enough volunteers signed up to fulfill the Army's expanded needs.  

    The next national draft took place in 1917 after the United States entered World War I.   Great care was taken to set up a conscription system that would avoid the faults in the Civil War draft.  For one thing, the draft started at the beginning of the war, when enthusiasm was still high, rather than after war-weariness had set in as had been the case in the Civil War.  Capitalizing on this initial enthusiasm, the draft registration required by the Selection Service Act of 1917 was accompanied by a public relations campaign that equated registering for the draft to be as patriotic as volunteering. 

   Although deferments were available from the local and state draft boards that administered Selective Service, there were no provisions for exemption payments or providing a substitute, thus eliminating those controversial elements of the Civil War draft.  There were, however, serious penalties for not registering. 

    More than 24,000,000 men between the ages of 21 and 30 registered for the World War I draft and almost 3,000,000 were inducted into the Army, about 70 percent of its wartime strength. 

    There was no draft again in the United States until September 1940, when the first peacetime draft in American history was enacted.  More than a year before Pearl Harbor, the United States was beginning to build up its armed forces for the world war already underway outside the Western Hemisphere.  In mid-October 1940, some 16,000,000 men registered for the draft and by month's end, the first draft lottery numbers were being drawn, resulting in local draft boards issuing draft notices beginning with the now famous "Greetings."

    Most draftees served in the Army (to include the Army Air Force) but wartime manpower demands resulted in some draftees going into the Marine Corps.  Those demands also affected age limits.  In 1940, the Selective Service and Training Act required men between 21 and 30 to register.  After Pearl Harbor, all men between 18 and 45 were liable for military service and all men between 18 and 65 were required to register.   

    During World War II, nearly 50,000,000 men would register for the draft and more than 10,000,000 would be inducted into the armed forces.  Draftees comprised more than 60 percent of the 16,000,000 men and women who served in the U.S. military during World War II (Note:  Women have never been required to register for the draft and have never been drafted.  Women serving in the reserve components, however, have been recalled involuntarily, like their male counterparts.).

    The draft ended in 1947 but resumed in 1948 and would remain in place for the next 25 years, throughout the Korean War, the Cold War and Vietnam.  Inductees originally served for 12 months but after the Korean War began, this changed to 24 months.  Another key feature of the Korean War era draft was the requirement obligating both draftees and enlistees to an eight-year period of active or reserve service.

    During the Korean War, more than 1.5 million men were drafted.  The Cold War kept the draft going following the hot war in Korea.  Many draftees in this period served in South Korea or West Germany.      The most famous of these draftees was the King of Rock and Roll, Elvis Presley, who was inducted in March 1958 and served in the 3rd Armored Division in West Germany.  Sgt. Presley was released from active duty in March 1960 and honorably discharged from the Army Reserve in March 1964. 

    The draft was the major source of recruits for the Army during the Vietnam War.  As in World War II, a lottery system was used.  Capsules with dates of a calendar year would be drawn from a glass bowl.  The drawing continued until all the capsules were picked.  The dates corresponded to the birth dates of those eligible for service.  Draft notices would go to those whose numbers were picked until the needed numbers were reached.  Those picked first were much more likely to be drafted than those further down the list so during the Vietnam years, every young man in America knew his lottery number.

    The Vietnam draft did produce much of the needed manpower to fight the war, almost 2,000,000 young men but it also became increasingly controversial, especially as the war became more and more unpopular. 

    One major issue was student deferments, which favored those who could afford to go to college while penalizing those who could not.   Naturally, this caused resentment among the less wealthy.  It also gave another cause for protest for those opposed to the war.  Draft card burnings and often-violent demonstrations on college campuses were well-known aspects of the Vietnam years.

    Another issue was the administration's decision to not fully use the reserve components in Vietnam.  Although some Reserve and National Guard units and individuals were called up to serve and deploy to Vietnam, the great majority were not mobilized.  Because of this decision, service in the Reserve and Guard became a way to avoid the draft and not be sent to Vietnam.  This seriously damaged the reputation and morale of the reserve components and those who served in them. 

    The Vietnam War also resulted in a perception change to the draft.   Although the vast majority of Vietnam draftees served with the same distinction as earlier draftees, there was a feeling that it was somehow wrong to draft men to fight in an unpopular war and this made those drafted to fight in it tainted by its unpopularity.  The extreme controversy of the Vietnam War affected all who served in it whether draftee, enlistee, or reserve Soldier.   It took decades before most reversed their opinions and realized that the war and the warriors who fought it were not the same and accorded the veterans of Vietnam the respect deserved.

    In the 1968 presidential campaign, Richard Nixon had promised to end the Vietnam War and the draft.  After he became president, he appointed a commission to examine the feasibility of an all-volunteer force.    This commission reported that such a force could fill the nation's military manpower needs, although it would be more expensive that a draftee-based force,

    The cost factor was an important consideration but a solution was found, a new concept of national defense called the Total Force Policy. This policy called for smaller active forces backed up by reinvigorated, well-trained, well-equipped reserve forces. 

   As U.S. involvement in Vietnam came to an end, the Selective Service Act was allowed to expire. The last induction took place in June 1973 and the All-Volunteer Force began on July 1, 1973.  Young men still had to register for the draft.  This came to an end in 1975 but resumed in 1980 after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

    Although done with cost in mind, the Total Force Policy became critical to the Army, Army Reserve and Army National Guard as they re-built themselves after Vietnam.  The next few years were difficult and it was not certain that the All-Volunteer Force would succeed.  The challenges, such as drug and racial issues, high inflation impacting military pay, reduced recruiting budgets further affecting the ability to draw the quality recruits needed, and a force rated as hollow by its senior leaders, were many. 

   These challenges were met by strong, determined leaders, both within and outside the Army.  Those who could not meet the standards were kicked out and those who wanted to serve well and honorably came in, of their own volition and not because they were drafted to serve.  The Army's reserve components transformed themselves into integral and much-used parts of the Total Force and not over-looked and often-forgotten elements of it. 

    The proof of concept started to come out with operations in Grenada and Panama in the late 1980s and fully demonstrated with the success of the Total Force during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in 1990/1991.  

    Today, thirty-five years after the birth of the All-Volunteer Force, the concept remains valid, even with the strains and pressures caused by a long and difficult conflict against terrorists and insurgents.   Recruiting, always a tough job and never more so than in wartime, is still getting the Army the men and women it needs.  Retention rates are being met and exceeded.  Those staying in the Army know what they can expect.  They have been there, yet they volunteer to come back for more. 

    What has been the most prevalent force employed by this nation throughout its history, the All-Volunteer Army, continues to be where dedicated men and women who choose to be Soldiers can uphold the finest traditions of the Army, defend our Nation's freedom and win our Nation's wars.     

 

  

 


 Perspectives in Military History lecture to be held July 16

"Patton and Rommel: Men of War in the 20th Century"
Dr. Dennis Showalter
Professor of History
Colorado College

    General George S. Patton. His tongue was as sharp as the cavalry saber he once wielded, and his fury as explosive as the armored attacks he orchestrated in Sicily and France Despite his profane, posturing manner; despite the sheer enthusiasm for conflict that made both his peers and the public uncomfortable, Patton's mere presence commanded respect from his enemies. Had his superiors given him free rein, the U.S. Army might have claimed victory in Europe as early as November of 1944. General Erwin Rommel. .His courage was proven in the trenches of World War I when he was awarded the Blue Max. He was a front line soldier who led by example from the turrets of his Panzers. His conduct of battle was as decisive as it was imaginative.  Appointed to command Adolf Hitler's personal security detail, Rommel nevertheless had nothing but contempt for the atrocities perpetrated by the Reich. His open, direct challenges to Hitler's conduct of the war in the west after D-Day earned him the Fuehrer's suspicion, then a death sentence.

     Except for a brief confrontation in North Africa, these two legendary titans never met in combat. Patton and Rommel is the first single-volume study to deal with the parallel lives of two generals who earned not only the loyalty and admiration of their own men, but the respect of their enemies, and the enmity of the leaders they swore to obey. From the origins of their military prowess, forged on the battlefields of World War I, to their rise through the ranks, to their inevitable clashes with political authority, military historian Dennis Showalter presents a riveting portrait of two men whose battle strategies changed the face of warfare and continue to be studied in military academies around the globe.

    Dr. Dennis Showalter is considered one of the top military historians in the country today. A guest lecturer at West Point, the Air Force Academy and the Marine Corps University, Dennis is also the past president of the Society for Military History. He was interviewed in "Hitler's Lost Plan," a documentary that premiered on the History Channel in December, 2005. At Colorado College since 1969, Showalter has won several awards, most recently the 2005 Samuel Eliot Morison Prize by the Society for Military History.

 

DATE:  Wednesday, July 16, 2008

PLACE:  Ridgway Hall, Carlisle Barracks, PA.

TIME:  The doors open at 6:45 p.m. the talk begins at 7:15 p.m

For more information, call (717) 245-3803.

For updates and any last-minute changes in "Perspectives" meeting times and places, please check the AHEC homepage: http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ahec/index.htm


Tori Hennigan, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Summer hires hone skills at Carlisle Barracks

Emily Seitz, a psychology major at Messiah College, is a summer hire in the Chief of Staff's office. More than 40 summer hires are working this summer at Carlisle Barracks performing tasks ranging from office automation to working on the Army Heritage Trail. Photo by Tori Hennigan.

July 15, 2008 --   The summer hire program is in full swing at Carlisle Barracks with local students joining the installation's work force.

      Office automation techs and clerks work in offices doing a variation of jobs.  While some do secretarial work, others do anything from helping to set up for events to working on presentations, doing whatever their department needs during the busy summer weeks. Laborers can be seen at places like the Army Heritage and Education Center, keeping the trails clean on the hot summer days.

    Travis Snider, a student at Longwood University, works as a laborer at AHEC and said he enjoys working outside.

    "Sometimes the conditions can be bad, but we're always able to work through it," said Snider, "But I think working here gives us a basic knowledge of what's going on with the background and history, and the teamwork is beneficial." 

    Many of the students learned about the program through family and friends.  Megan Pace, a senior at Shippensburg University, found out about the program through friends at church.

    "It has definitely opened me up to what to expect after I graduate and it's given me great opportunities to work with people. It's been a great experience and one that I wouldn't change," said Pace, who works at the AHEC Visitors and Education Center. 

    One of the summer hires said she thought the program is a good opportunity to learn job skills for the future.  

    "The previous job I had was very independent and you kind of did your own thing, but this is very team oriented, so I think it teaches your social skills and all kinds of job related techniques you can use in the future," said Emily Seitz, an office automation technician working in the Chief of Staff office, "I think it's a really good program. I have learned a lot from it so far, and I think it's a really good experience."

    Summer hires said they agree that a major benefit of working here is better wages than other local jobs for young adults, many only part time.

  The program began May 27 when students arrived for in processing.  To apply for the program, candidates must meet several requirements including being at least sixteen and a current student in high school or college.

    Students could choose from three different job types when applying, including office automation technician, clerk, or laborer, according to Michelle Deshong, human resource specialist at the civilian personnel office.  For certain positions applicants had more specific qualifications to meet.

    Once all the qualified applicants have been selected, the actual hiring is based on a lottery system, according to Deshong. This year 40 students, some returning from previous summers, entered the program.

    "Usually around January we go out and we canvas the different organizations.  We ask them if they have a need for a student for the summer.  Then they come in with their requests and requirements and then we go to the chief of staff and he approves whether or not they get the amount of vacancies they're asking for.  It's strictly based on mission," said Deshong.

 

 


Tori Hennigan, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Outdoor rec offers options for summer fun

 

One of the trailers that can be rented through the posts Outdoor Recreation Center was on display during their open house in April. ODR offers three different sized trailers starting at $55 for the 25 foot, $60 for the 27 foot, and $65 for the 30 foot trailer.  All trailers include a bathroom, TV, radio, cooking utensils, and are air conditioned. File photo.

 

July 15, 2008 -- Are gas prices and plane tickets too expensive to take a summer vacation? 

    The Outdoor Recreation Center's newest addition is several travel trailers that may help military families and Carlisle Barracks employees have fun in the sun, without breaking the bank.

    ODR began renting the trailers in the beginning of June, and have had people booking them for weekend getaways. 

    The trailers are parked at Dogwood Acres Campground and will be available from April 1st through October 31st

   Amber Tarnowski, chief conservator for Collection Management at the Army Heritage and Education Center, rented a trailer with her husband over the July 4th weekend.   

    "It was nice, I think the campground itself with the ponds and the play equipment is geared for kids, but there was enough stuff for the adults to do and people were very nice, and the owners were extremely hospitable," said Tarnowski. Tarnowski said she would rent one of the trailers again and that they were nicer than other she has seen.

    ODR offers three different sized trailers starting at $55 for the 25 foot, $60 for the 27 foot, and $65 for the 30 foot trailer.  All trailers include a bathroom, TV, radio, cooking utensils, and are air conditioned.

    The center also provides equipment including sleeping bags, tents, and grills that can be rented for daily, weekend, and weekly rates. 

    The Dogwood Acres is in driving distance, about a half and hour away in Newville.  The campground offers activities for all ages including fishing, swimming, hayrides, a playground, and pedal boat rentals.    

    "There were a lot of activities organized for the campers, because it's a really big camp site and it's really full.  We played bingo, Frisbee golf, we had a camp fire, went swimming, did crafts, they had a craft session and there were other activities that we didn't do that looked like fun," said Tarnowski.

    The campground is also offering special events in the upcoming months.  It will host a Texas holdem championship the first weekend in August and an adult golf cart obstacle race on Labor Day weekend. 

 


Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
How safe are your children?

 

Megan Clugh, a photographer in Root Hall, plays with her son, A.J, at the Moore Child Development Center in this file photo. Inviting parents to come participate in activities is one the ways that parents can see firsthand how safe the facility is. 

July 9, 2008 – Making sure that children are safe and protected is a priority for both parents and the caregivers at the post's childcare center and Youth Services.

    "Safety and security are probably the most important things to us here at Youth Services," said Bob Salviano, YS director. "We can control whoever comes in our out of the facility."

    Salviano explained that each child must swipe in and out of the YS building and children under school-age must also be swiped in by their parent or guardian.

   "We know exactly who is in the building at all times," he said.

    Similar programs and policies are in place at the Moore Child Development Center on post.

    "We're highly inspected and safety is one of our top concerns," said Melody Irwin, CDC director. "We do regular fire and evacuation drills to make sure the staff and kids know what to do in case of an emergency." The CDC also has monthly fire and environmental inspections.

    "It's a good idea for us to have a fresh pair of eyes look at things sometimes," said Irwin. "If something comes up as a result of an inspection we make sure to fix it right away."     

    Part of maintaining a safe facility is having a staff large enough to watch out for trouble. At the YS the staff is always at a 1:15 ratio per child and the CDC has 22 staff members working with children.  The CDC also has very low teacher to child ratios. 

    "We make sure that we keep a well-trained staff here, especially during the summer months since we have so many more kids," said Salviano. "We make sure the kids are supervised at all times." Staff members are also assigned a group of kids to make accountability easier.

    "If you only have to keep an eye on a certain number of kids it definitely makes it easier to keep track."

    All CYS facilities have a camera system that helps keep an eye on the facility, protecting both the staff and the children and someone is always manning the front desk. The precautions don't end there however.

    "We always have at least two CDC staffers in the room at a time," said Irwin. "There are no areas that are closed off and every door has a window that you can see into."

    The classroom design is important to keeping kids safe at the YS.

   "Each room has huge windows that everyone can see in," said Salviano. "We always monitor them with at least one staff member in the hallway and staff members in the rooms."

 

Post youth enjoy a picnic during the celebration of the Army Birthday. At the YS the staff is always at a 1:15 ratio per child and the CDC has 22 staff members working with children. Photo by Tori Hennigan.

    Stringent background checks are mandated by regulation as another layer of safety for the children. 

   "Here at the CDC we make sure that each prospective employee undergoes a health and background check prior to coming to work here," said Irwin. New employees are trained in many techniques to include first aid, CPR and SIDS education and have more than 20 different training modules they must complete within 18 months of being hired.

    "Education and training are so important to this organization," said Irwin. She said that many of the employees are encouraged to obtain their Child Development Associate credentials. "The CDA is a national credentialing program that helps childcare professionals improve their skills. Many of our folks have degrees or are working on them now. "

    Training is so important to CYS that they have a training & curriculum specialist dedicated to ensuring all staff are working with children are educated in the development of children, according to Liz Knouse, director, Child and Youth Services.

    All of the hard work has paid off.  The Moore CDC is one of three National Association for the Education of Young Children accredited programs in Cumberland County. NAEYC assesses all aspects of a youth program on 10 different standards to determine its quality. The assessment includes both a self and on-site assessment.

    "We've been NAEYC-accredited for 12 years," said Irwin. "We're very proud of that."

     The safety precautions extend beyond the installation as well.

    "Even when we go on field trips, we make sure that we take safety seriously," said Salviano. "The kids all wear matching shirts, typically red or blue so that it's a little easier to keep track of everyone." The ratios are similar on the trips as they are at the YS.

    Safety is important because they have such an important job according to Knouse.  

    "CYS takes great pride is developing a safe and nurturing place for children.  We are very fortunate to work for the Army where family programs have always come first." 


Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
Senate Confirms Petraeus, Odierno

WASHINGTON, July 10, 2008 – The Senate has confirmed Army Gen. David H. Petraeus as commander of U.S. Central Command and Army Lt. Gen. Raymond T. Odierno to receive his fourth star and succeed Petraeus as commander of Multinational Force Iraq. 
    The full Senate confirmed Petraeus by a vote of 95-2 and Odierno by a 96-1 margin. Odierno is the Army's 3rd Corps commander and served as commander of Multinational Corps Iraq for 14 months.
    The changes put Petraeus -- who implemented the U.S. surge into Iraq -- in charge of U.S. military forces in a dangerous part of the world. The command stretches from Pakistan to Egypt and from Kazakhstan to the Saudi Arabian peninsula. It includes the war in Afghanistan and, until Oct. 1, also includes control of Joint Task Force Horn of Africa based in Djibouti.
    Petraeus will take over CentCom after giving his assessment on the post-surge conditions in Iraq. The last surge brigade will leave Iraq at the end of this month.
    Petraeus called for -- and Defense Department leaders agreed to -- a pause before bringing the U.S. force in Iraq down any further. The decision on further withdrawals probably will not come until mid-September, and Petraeus will not leave the Iraq command until that is complete, officials said.
    In another general officer announcement today, the White House has officially nominated Gen. Norton A. Schwartz to be Air Force chief of staff and Air Force Gen. Duncan J. McNabb to succeed Schwartz as commander of U.S. Transportation Command, at Scott Air Force Base, Ill. Senate officials could not say when the confirmation hearings for the men would be.

 


Thomas Zimmerman, Public Affairs Office
Carlisle Barracks teams up with community to exercise emergence response

 

A bus sits outside of a home on Marshall Road during an emergency response exercise July 10 on Carlisle Barracks. The exercise brought together first responders from both on and off post. Photo by Pfc. Jennifer Rick.

July 10, 2008 -- The Carlisle Swift Reaction Team swarmed Marshall Ridge to help free hostages trapped in a house on Marshall Ridge right as a explosion rocked the post pool July 10. This was all part of the post emergency response exercise, but the stress, coordination and safety measures taken were all real.

    The event was a joint exercise between the first responders of the post, Cumberland County and Carlisle. It kicked off around 7:30 a.m. when a man took 19 hostages and barricaded himself in a house on Marshall Road.

    "We wanted to make sure that this exercise was as realistic as possible," said Barry Shughart, post force protection division. "But we also made sure it was a safe exercise."

    Safety briefs were given to each of the participants and safety protocols were always strictly adhered to.

    "The last thing we want to do is get someone hurt," said Shughart. "There's no training value if we're not careful in what we're doing."

    As the scenario unfolded, Department of the Army Police initially responded to the event, and assessed that they'd need assistance from the Carlisle SRT team. A call was placed and the team was on the ground shortly. At the end of the day, all of the hostages were freed and the hostage taker was apprehended. 

     "What was great about this exercise was that we were able exercise the recall procedures and requests for assistance to our local community," said Lt. Col. Sergio Dickerson, garrison commander. "I think that coordination was one of the most important aspects of this exercise."

    There are multiple agencies on post and off that play a role in crisis situations, both real and exercise. In addition to the law enforcement activities, the firefighters and EMTs have roles, the DFMWR executes a family assistance center, the IOC coordinates with the county and higher headquarters, DPW provides equipment and building expertise and the list goes on.  

    As the hostage situation unfolded, there was an explosion near the post pool, "injuring" six people. According to Shughart, the explosion was designed to stress the first responders and to make them investigate to see if the incidents were related. It turned out that it was just an accident, with no foul play involved.

    Participants and observers include the Carlisle Police Dept., and Swift Reaction Team, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Department of Justice.  

 


FDA release
Salmonella Saintpaul Outbreak -- Updated: July 9, 2008

    The FDA is updating its warning to consumers nationwide concerning the outbreak of Salmonella serotype Saintpaul.

    Although epidemiological and other evidence continues to have a strong association with certain raw tomatoes, a recent case control study and disease cluster information provided by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) indicate that not only tomatoes, but also raw jalapeno and serrano peppers may be linked to illnesses in this continuing outbreak.

    At this time, the FDA is advising people in high risk populations such as elderly persons, infants and people with impaired immune systems to avoid eating raw jalapeno and raw serrano peppers.

    In addition, the FDA continues to advise consumers to avoid eating raw red plum, red Roma, or red round tomatoes except for those grown in the areas listed below. Tomatoes grown in those areas have not been associated with the outbreak.

    Consumers who are unsure of the origin of the tomatoes in their home should contact the store or place of purchase. If consumers are unable to determine the source of the tomatoes, they should not eat them. Types of tomatoes not associated with this outbreak include cherry tomatoes, grape tomatoes, tomatoes sold with the vine still attached, and tomatoes grown at home.

    Further information and updates can be found at the FDA web site at:  http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/hottopics/tomatoes.html

 


Theresa Pace, War College Public Affairs Office
Post chapel welcomes IFs at luncheon

 

International Fellows and their families try out some of the food during a pot-luck at the post chapel July 8. The annual event was hosted by the Catholic and Protestant congregations and helped welcome the newcomers to the community. Photo by Theresa Pace.

July 10, 2008 -- The chapel was decorated in red, white and blue and filled with food, fun and international students on Tuesday, July 8, as more than 45 International students and their families were introduced to the community with an American style pot-luck.

    The pot-luck was hosted by the Catholic and Protestant congregations and marked the third year of the successful program, said Ray Porter, chapel volunteer.

    "The chapel is and wants to be an integral part of the community," said Porter. "The congregation seeks ways to help the community, and they are very excited to welcome the international students to the Carlisle Barracks Community."

    Students from all over the world received traditional American food such as barbeque chicken, baked beans and potato salad. While they dined on this "American Picnic" cuisine they learned about all the religious programs the chapel has to offer, said Chaplain (Col.) Arthur Pace, Installation Chaplain.

    "The lunch was fantastic," said Lt. Col. Salvador Sanchez, international student from Spain. "It was a great opportunity to meet in a relaxed environment."

    According to Pace, the chapel offers religious accommodations for multiple religions and will help the international students meet their religious needs. Many of the international students come from militaries without chaplains or a diverse chaplain corps.

    "This is a perfect opportunity to not only teach the International students and their families about religious accommodation in the United States Army but to be able to demonstrate it in a fun and practical way," said Pace.

 


Gen. William Wallace, TRADOC Commander
July 4th safety message

 July 4, 2008 marks our Nation's 232nd year of independence.  Traditionally, America celebrates the Fourth of July with Family picnics, community parades, patriotic concerts, and colorful fireworks.  This year, as we celebrate another birthday of our great Nation, I'd like to thank each of you for your personal efforts in preserving America's freedom and your future contributions that will certainly be required of you as we defend our nation.

     I ask you to celebrate this Independence Day responsibly and safely.  As we plan for this long summer holiday weekend, it is very important for leaders to communicate the composite rise management message to teammates, Family, and friends.  Ask yourself what can go wrong and what you can do to prevent unplanned incidents.  A thoughtful and thorough risk assessment will serve you well.

    Last year, TRADOC lost seven Soldiers during the weekends that preceded and followed the Fourth of July, which occurred in the middle of the week.  There were two privately owned vehicle fatalities, four motorcycle fatalities, and another fatality resulting from heat injury.  Throughout or Nation, imprudent and excessive behaviors during the Independence Day holiday period result in death and serious injury, needless tragedies that mar this special celebration.

    Watch our for your "battle buddies" in the field, at home, and in the community.  Special care on the highway is extremely important during this heavily traveled holiday period.  In your car, buckle everyone up, don't drink and drive, and slow down.  If you're our riding a motorcycle, try proper personal protective equipment and apparel.  If you're our on the water, follow boating rules, wear your life vest, and swim only in safe, approved areas.  One final thought- professional firework displays are generally more spectacular and safer.

    Be alert and vigilant as you celebrate the Fourth of July.  Take care of each other.

Happy Independence Day!

Victory Starts Here!

 


RCI project set to begin in College Arms

July 3, 2008 -- The fence has gone up around 31 houses along Craig and Sumner Road, so that can only mean one thing, construction is coming.

    "In this area of College Arms we'll be demolishing the existing 31 houses and replacing them with 24 new homes, the same as in the Meadows," said Ty McPhillips, project director for Balfour Beatty Communities.

    Residents are asked to stay out of the area until demolition and construction is complete. The project is expected to be completed in mid-2009.


Security exercise July 10

    July 3, 2008 -- Carlisle Barracks will conduct a security exercise on Thursday, July 10. The exercise will take place in the vicinity of the Marshall Ridge housing area and the post pool pavilion. Residents and employees may see various first responders from the post and local community.

    Motorists can expect traffic delays and temporary road closures.

    The exercise is expected to be complete by the close of business July 10.


Dunham U.S. Army Health Clinic
Avoiding Heat Injuries

July 2, 2008 -- To protect your health when temperatures are extremely high, remember to keep cool and use common sense. The following tips are important.

Drink Plenty of Fluid

    Increase your fluid intake - regardless of your activity level. During hot weather, you will need to drink more liquid than your thirst indicates. This is especially true for persons 65 years of age and older who often have a decreased ability to respond to external temperature changes. Ensure that infants and children drink adequate amounts of liquids. However, avoid very cold beverages because they can cause stomach cramps. In addition, avoid drinks containing alcohol because they will actually cause you to lose more fluid.  Drinking plenty of liquids during exercise is especially important. During heavy exercise in a hot environment, drink 2-4 glasses (16-32 ounces) of cool fluids each hour. (Caution: If a fluid-restricted diet or diuretics has been prescribed for you, ask your doctor how much you should drink.)

Replace Salt and Minerals

   Heavy sweating removes salt and minerals from the body. These are necessary for your body and must be replaced. The easiest and safest way to replace salt and minerals is through your diet. Drink fruit juice or a sports beverage during exercise or any work in the heat. Do not take salt tablets unless directed by your doctor. If you are on a low-salt diet, ask your doctor before changing what you eat or drink-especially before drinking a sports beverage.

Wear Appropriate Clothing and Sunscreen

    Choose lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.  In the hot sun, a wide-brimmed hat will provide shade and keep the head cool. Dress infants and young children in cool, loose clothing and shade their heads and faces with hats or an umbrella.  Limit sun exposure during the mid-day hours and in places of potential severe exposure such as beaches.  Sunburn affects your body's ability to cool itself and causes a loss of body fluids. It also causes pain and damages the skin. A variety of sunscreens are available to reduce the risk of sunburn. The protection that they offer against sunburn varies. Check the sun protection factor (SPF) number on the label of the sunscreen container. Select SPF 15 or higher to protect yourself adequately. Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going outdoors and reapply according to package directions.

Adjust to the Environment

    Be aware that any sudden change in temperature will be stressful to your body. You will have a greater tolerance if you limit your physical activity until you become accustomed to the heat. When traveling to a hotter climate, allow several days to become acclimated before attempting any vigorous exercise, and work up to it gradually. If exertion in the heat makes your heart pound and leaves you gasping for breath, STOP all activity, get into a cool area, or at least in the shade, and rest, especially if you become lightheaded, confused, weak, or faint.

Monitor Those at High Risk

    Monitor the condition of your travel partners and have someone do the same for you. Heat-induced illness can cause a person to become confused or lose consciousness. Certain travelers are at greater risk of heat-related illness.  Infants and children up to four years of age rely on others to regulate their environments and provide adequate liquids. People 65 years of age or older may not compensate for heat stress efficiently. Overweight people may be prone to heat sickness because of their tendency to retain more body heat. Any health condition that causes dehydration makes the body more susceptible to heat sickness. If you or someone you're traveling with is at higher risk it is important to drink plenty of fluids, avoid overexertion and get your doctor or pharmacist's advice about medications taken for high blood pressure, depression, nervousness, mental illness, insomnia, or poor circulation.

Schedule Activities Carefully and Use Common Sense

   If you must be out in the heat, try to plan your activities so that you are outdoors either before noon or in the evening. While outdoors, rest frequently in a shady area. Resting periodically will give your body's thermostat a chance to recover. The most efficient way to beat the heat is to stay in a cooled area. Consider a visit to an air-conditioned or fan-cooled public place for a few hours during the hottest part of the day. Avoid hot foods and heavy meals-they add heat to your body. Finally, never leave infants, children, or pets in a parked car.

 


 

Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
Army Commemorates 35 Years of All-Volunteer Force

WASHINGTON, July 1, 2008 – Thirty-one soldiers celebrated the 35th anniversary of the all-volunteer force by enlisting or re-enlisting in the Pentagon courtyard today.

    Army Secretary Pete Geren said more than 1 million active, Guard and reserve soldiers, more than 200,000 Army civilians, and more than 600,000 Army family members have made the all-volunteer force a success and the envy of the world.

    "Our Army is the strength of our nation, because our soldiers, civilians and families do stand together -- and stand together no matter how tough the times get," Geren said.

    Geren turned to the 16 soldiers who were re-enlisting and the 15 who were enlisting and told them they are part of the "best-led, best-trained and the best-equipped Army on the face of the Earth."

    The secretary thanked the soldiers for their commitment and called them "the greatest of this generation."

    The all-volunteer force is a national treasure, the Army secretary said. It didn't start that way. In 1973, the Army faced almost insurmountable odds. The draftee Army suffered from the same ills that plagued society -- drugs, Vietnam and volatile race relations.

    Army Chief of Staff Gen. George W. Casey Jr. remembered what life was like as he reported to his first unit in Germany in 1971 -- two years before the all-volunteer force. When he reported to his first unit, "there were nine guys in the platoon," Casey said following the ceremony. "Four of them were pending chapter discharges [for drug use]. I had one noncommissioned officer who was an E-6 who was pretty squared-away. Everybody else was just an acting sergeant.

    "It took getting rid of those guys and getting an influx of new troops before we could build a good platoon," he continued. "It was a really different Army. We carried loaded .45s as we pulled our duty officer duties back then. We never had to take it out, but it was an incredibly different Army."

   Casey said the one development of the last 35 years that made the biggest difference to the service was the noncommissioned officer corps. "They're the ones who take these kids and shape them into men and women who become real soldiers," he said. "That's what it is all about."

 

 


Theresa Pace, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Watkins brings energy to YS sports programs

 

Don Watkins, youth sports and fitness program manager, explains the food pyramid at Youth Services  Photo by Theresa Pace.

July 2, 2008 -- His eyes sparkle when he talks about children and a grin grows when he talks about sports and fitness; it is no wonder why Don Watkins is part of the Youth Sports and Fitness program.

    Watkins retired as the Carlisle Barrack's Command Sergeant Major in 2003 and returned a few months later as the youth sports and fitness program manager. He said his years of experience as a youth pastor led him to accept this job.

    "The job gives me an opportunity to influence children," said Watkins. "I am the only one on post who knows every mom and every child, and that is rewarding enough."

    This summer Watkins is involved in the Youth Services summer camp. During the day, kids can be seen playing kickball, lacrosse or helping out in the community. Taylor Haupt, a summer camp participant, said she is having fun.

    "It is very exciting and interesting," said Haupt. "Sometimes it's a little bit surprising."

    Watkins beamed with pride as he talked about all the programs that the department offers. He said he is always impressed by the children and their incredible sports skills, and that one day he will see some of them play at the professional level.

    "There was a first grader in our basketball program who could make baskets in the adult basketball hoops," laughed Watkins. "That boy is going to be a basketball star."

    Sports programs are available for children as young as three to as old as 18. For the younger children, they offer sports fundamental training and for the older children, they have sports leagues, weight training, outdoor recreation and various sports camps.

    "This summer we have a soccer camp where British soccer players will come and run a camp for a week," said Watkins.

    With the growing rate of childhood obesity, Watkins said that Youth Services is trying to educate youth on healthy eating and food portioning.

   "We teach them what they should eat and how much of it to eat," said Watkins.

    Watkins also oversees Carlisle Barracks' first fitness program for homeschoolers. Last year, around 35 home-schoolers enjoyed a tailored program for physical fitness with a certified teacher. The program meets the Pennsylvania Dept of Education physical fitness requirement.

    "We set up the program where they can come to the weight room for an hour everyday," said Watkins.

    While everything the center offers is important, Watkins said that the most important thing is to get kids involved while having fun.

    "I love showing young people the positives of sports and how sports can influence their lives," said Watkins. "They are a way to get them out and to have some fun."

   People who work with Watkins say that he brings fun into everything he does.

    "Don is great because he thinks outside of the box," said Bobbie Stodter, Sports and Fitness associate. "He wants the kids to have fun while learning."

    Youth Services offers a lot of fun for the youth of Carlisle Barracks, and the Sports program is what helps make the center so exceptional, said Bob Salviano, the Youth Services Director.

    "Not only is our program one of the best in the Army, but we also have one of the best Sports Directors," said Salviano.

 

 

 


Public Affairs staff report
VBS registration now open

 

July 2, 2008 -- The US Army War College Memorial chapel has begun registration for their July 28- Aug. 1 Vacation Bible School. The chapel is currently accepting registration for children ages four to youth entering the sixth grade.

    The chapel is also in need of volunteers ages 7th grade and up to work with the Vacation Bible School children.

    "It is a good opportunity for the volunteers and children to meet friends before they go to school," said Laura Barko, the chapel's Protestant Religious Education Coordinator.

     "We have opportunities for all ages and all talents," said Jo Ellen Frist, the chapel's Catholic Religious Education Coordinator.

    According to the chapel, Vacation Bible School generally draws around 130 children, many being from the new War College students' families.

    This year the chapel will be taking the children on an adventure through the rainforest complete with Sky High storytelling, Swing Vine Science, Green Tree games and Canopy crafts.

    "Each craft, game and activities all follow that day's theme and bible story," said Frist.

    The children will also have the opportunity to do things to improve their community. One day the children will be able to bring in all their house's plastic bottles, in which they will learn all about recycling. Another day they can bring in plastic bags which will be used to turn into park benches. They will also be collecting school supplies to give to children in need, said Frist.

    If you are interested in registering your child or interested in volunteering you can contact the chapel at 245-3318 or stop by the chapel.

 

 


Dunham Health Clinic release
Salmonellosis Outbreak update

July 1, 2008:At this time, FDA recommends consuming raw red plum, raw red Roma, or raw red round tomatoes only if grown and harvested from the following areas that HAVE NOT BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH THE OUTBREAK:   A list of areas that are not associated with the outbreak can be found on the FDA web site at:  http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/hottopics/tomatoes.html

    Consumers who are unsure of where the tomatoes are from that they have in their home are encouraged to contact the store or place of purchase for that information. If consumers are unable to determine the source of the tomatoes, they should not be eaten.

    Consumers should also be aware that raw tomatoes are often used in the preparation of fresh salsa, guacamole, and pico de gallo, are part of fillings for tortillas, and are used in other dishes.

    Types of tomatoes not linked to any illnesses are cherry tomatoes, grape tomatoes, and tomatoes with the vine still attached.

    Since mid April, there have been 851 reported cases of Salmonellosis nationwide caused by Salmonella Saintpaul, an uncommon form of Salmonella. At least 105 hospitalizations have been reported.

    A list of frequently asked questions about this Salmonellosis Outbreak from Certain Tomatoes can be found at the following FDA web site:  http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/tomatqa.html.

    To report adverse reactions or other problems with FDA-regulated products, contact the FDA district office consumer complaint coordinator for your geographic area.  A list of the coordinators and telephone numbers can be found at:  http://www.fda.gov/opacom/backgrounders/complain.html.

    The Center for Disease Control and Prevention also has information on the Investigation of Outbreak of Infections Caused by Salmonella and advice to consumers at the CDC web site:  http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/saintpaul/#advice

 


Theresa Pace, U.S. Army War College Public Affairs Office
USAWC using games as a teaching tool

June 19, 2008 -- The U.S. Army War College is using new technology to create new and innovative ways for students to learn.

    In this day and age many games such as World of War Craft and Call of Duty give everyday gamers a simulated experience as a Soldier. The War College's Strategic Experiential Education Group takes that simulated experience one step further for USAWC resident and distant education students. They have developed different role-playing programs for students to take on realistic roles and execute crucial decisions.

    One of the programs developed by SEEG is CAESAR, a simulated strategic leadership game in which leaders have to make challenging decisions which test their strategic leadership skills. The game is set in a realistic circumstance, and each person is assigned an important military role. Players must act and respond as if they really were in that position.

    "A person can play a brigade commander in Iraq," said Maj. Kyle Burley, acting SEEG director, said is one possible scenario in the program CEASER. "And at the end of the game they get feedback on there decisions."

    These programs are developed as learning and teaching tools. The simulated experiences give the students interactive challenges to learn from. They can fight in strategic battles or have one-on-one interactions with their instructors. Each simulated experience is not only state- of-the- art technology but also very helpful to the students and instructors, according to Burley.

    "The real focus is to provide experiential education tools to the faculty at the war college," said Burley.

    It is not only the Army War College that is developing simulations as teaching tools. Other department of defense schools has developed their own programs.

    "Every other school has other simulations they are using," said Maj. Jim Harvey, Telecom Engineer. "We collaborate with them."

    The content for the games are provided from the War College and course authors. Steve Clay, an Intelligent Decisions System, Inc. contractor, explained that if course authors send their course information to SEEG they develop a simulated experience to match the course's need.

    "Once we have the information we can have it ready in a week," said Clay.

    The U.S. Army War College has been developing simulation programs since 2004, and they continue to use new technology to increase there instructor programs. To date they have developed seven to eight simulations for the school.

      The SEEG are currently working on developing a program where students and faculty will be able to tour battlefields from their computers.

    "It will be a virtual walk through in an area that the faculty might wish to go," said Burley.

    Once this program is developed instructors would be able to take students to virtually see the locations they are discussing. If the class was about a certain historic battle, the technology would allow for the students go get a realistic view of the battle and the battle grounds, said Burley.

 


Federally Employed Women installs new officers



Barbara Cross, Cumberland County Commissioner, speaks to members and guests at the Installation of Officers luncheon, Federally Employed Women Carlisle Chapter #256 (FEW) on Thursday, June 19. Photo by Suzanne Reynolds.

 

Deborah Williams, wife of USAWC Commandant Maj. Gen Robert Williams, receives an Honorary Membership for the Carlisle Chapter of FEW from Wendy LeBlanc, outgoing Chapter President. Photo by Suzanne Reynolds.

 

Lisa Ecker, FEW Programs Chair, receives the FEW Outstanding Member Award from Dixie Magni, FEW Membership Chair. Photo by Suzanne Reynolds.

 

FEW Charter President, Crystal Kerns, installs incoming officers at the FEW Installation of Officers luncheon on Thursday, June 19.  Incoming officers include: Chapter President, Renee Mountz; Vice President, Barbara Kandal; Treasurer, Maria Jones, (Wendy LeBlanc accepts for Ms. Jones) and Recording/Corresponding Secretary, Pam Cheney. Photo by Suzanne Reynolds.


Public Affairs staff report
Thrift Shop summer hours

  The Carlisle Barracks Thrift Shop will close for the month of July.

  It will open in August with a limited schedule - Tuesdays only from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m., starting August 5.

  The regular schedule will resume in September - Tuesdays and Wednesdays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Consignments - 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.); 1st and 3rd Tuesday evenings from 7-9 p.m. (Consignments - 7-8 p.m.)

   For more information contact the Thrift Shop at 717-243-1434.


Army Substance Abuse Program
Summer Sense: Enjoy your summer responsibly

June 26, 2008 -- DRINKING alcohol is a privilege that carries a great responsibility. If you drink, make sure that you remember the acronym HALT (don't drink if you are Hungry, Angry, Lonely, or Tired), and that you have a buddy you can trust and have planned a safe, sober ride home.

Use these easy tips to assist in making the responsible decision if you decide to drink:

*      Eat before and during drinking

*      Don't gulp or chug your drinks; drink slowly and make the drink last – try to drink no more than one alcoholic drink per hour and no more than three  on any given day (have higher rates of health and impairment problems)

*      Alternate between alcohol and non-alcoholic drinks

*      Remember the word HALT

*      Before you celebrate, designate – identify a responsible driver who will not drink, or plan ahead to use public transportation

 Know what to look for: Signs of impairment can include:

* Lack of coordination

* Aggressive behavior

* Very talkative

* Very indifferent

* Slurred speech and incoherent

Pennsylvania DUI

*      PA's laws are among the most strictest in the country

*      .08 Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) is considered legally drunk in PA

*      There's a possibility of fines up to $10,000 depending on the level of impairment and the offense

*      There may be jail time depending on the level of impairment and the offense

*      You may have your driver's license suspended depending on the level of impairment and the offense

*      Refusal to take a chemical test will result in automatic and immediate loss of license for one year

 REMEMBER – It is always OK not to drink.

 

 

 

 


Federal Bureau of Investigation release
FBI: Don't Fall for Jury Duty Scam  

 June 26, 2008 -- The phone rings, you pick it up, and the caller identifies himself as an officer of the court. He says you failed to report for jury duty and that a warrant is out for your arrest. You say you never received a notice. To clear it up, the caller says he'll need some information for "verification purposes"-your birth date, social security number, maybe even a credit card number.

   This is when you should hang up the phone. It's a scam.

    Jury scams have been around for years, but have seen a resurgence in recent months. Communities in more than a dozen states have issued public warnings about cold calls from people claiming to be court officials seeking personal information. As a rule, court officers never ask for confidential information over the phone; they generally correspond with prospective jurors via mail.

    The scam's bold simplicity may be what makes it so effective. Facing the unexpected threat of arrest, victims are caught off guard and may be quick to part with some information to defuse the situation.

    "They get you scared first," says a special agent in the Minneapolis field office who has heard the complaints. "They get people saying, 'Oh my gosh! I'm not a criminal. What's going on?'" That's when the scammer dangles a solution-a fine, payable by credit card, that will clear up the problem.

   With enough information, scammers can assume your identity and empty your bank accounts.

    "It seems like a very simple scam," the agent adds. The trick is putting people on the defensive, then reeling them back in with the promise of a clean slate. "It's kind of ingenious. It's social engineering."

    In recent months, communities in Florida, New York, Minnesota, Illinois, Colorado, Oregon, California, Virginia, Oklahoma, Arizona, and New Hampshire reported scams or posted warnings or press releases on their local websites. In August, the federal court system issued a warning on the scam and urged people to call their local District Court office if they receive suspicious calls. In September, the FBI issued a press release about jury scams and suggested victims also contact their local FBI field office.

   In March, USA.gov, the federal government's information website, posted details about jury scams in their Frequently Asked Questions area. The site reported scores of queries on the subject from website visitors and callers seeking information.

    The jury scam is a simple variation of the identity-theft ploys that have proliferated in recent years as personal information and good credit have become thieves' preferred prey, particularly on the Internet. Scammers might tap your information to make a purchase on your credit card, but could just as easily sell your information to the highest bidder on the Internet's black market.

Protecting yourself is the key: Never give out personal information when you receive an unsolicited phone call.

 

 


Installation picnic slated for July 11

June 26, 2008 -- Carlisle Barracks will be hosting its annual Installation Picnic July 11th.  The event will take place rain or shine at the picnic pavilion from noon until 4 p.m.

    Come enjoy a cookout with burgers, hot dogs, macaroni & cheese, potato salad, cole slaw, baked beans with all the trimmings, ice tea, lemonade, and beer. 

    Entertainment will include music, karaoke, games, bingo, YMCA sponsored children's games, hay ride, walk around clown, fire engine spray, softball, horseshoes, volleyball, basketball, self-directed activities along with a full compliment of children's inflatable games, toys and more!

    Tickets are available from unit reps., ITR, LVCC, and the Bowling Center.

Adults                           $7.00

Children 6-16 yrs        $3.00

5 and under                   Free

 

After July 8th

Adults                           $9.00

Children 6-16 yrs           $5.00

5 and under                   Free

 

    Any questions contact: Kevin Small 245-4063       

 


Public Affairs staff report
Army Heritage Center Foundation announces membership dinner

  U.S. Sen. Chuck Hagel is scheduled to speak about, "The Value of Service to the Nation" at the Army Heritage Center Foundation Membership Dinner, Friday evening, Sept. 19 at Allenberry Resort.

  The dinner is open to the interested public. Contact Steve Maitland at the Army Heritage Center Foundation, 717-258-1102, or email:  smaitland@armyheritage.org.

 


Theresa Pace, Army War College Public Affairs Office
New addition to the Army Heritage Trail

 

Air and Army National Guard Soldiers help guide an AH-1G high performance attack helicopter into position outside of Ridgway Hall June 25. Photo by Theresa Pace.

 

June 25, 2008 -- A true joint operation helped bring the newest addition to the Army Heritage Trail as Air and the Army National Guard helped deliver a historical Army helicopter June 25.

    The rare AH-1G high performance attack helicopter or "Cobra" was transferred from the 201st Red  Horse Squadron, a unit of the Pennsylvania National Guard at Fort Indiantown Gap, and was brought down by personnel from both the Air National Guard. Members of both units helped get the craft into position after its delivery.

    A giant crane lifted the helicopter to its new home near Ridgway Hall. Located adjacent to M18 Tank Destroyer, its toothy grin smiled down at the crowd as the crews worked hard to move the massive aircraft into place.

    "We want to tell the story of two generations of tank killers," said Joe "Chief" Luciano, a retired Army Aviator and AHEC volunteer experienced in military restoration.

    Luciano explained that the positioning of the two pieces of equipment will allow visitors to see the progression in history of tank destroyers. The AHEC staff said they are very excited for this particular model of the Cobra because of its scarcity.

    "This model is extremely rare," said Luciano. "There are only a few left of this model. We saw an opportunity to preserve an important piece of history."

    Roger Durham, AHEC museum director and Vietnam veteran, recalls how in Vietnam the Cobras were real terrors. He served on a helicopter base and he described how the Cobras would ferociously destroy enemy weaponry.

    "They (the Cobras) were only visible when they were attacking, which was usually at night," said Durham. "I felt glad they were on our side."

    The helicopter was sitting in storage for fifteen years and is in need of renovations. The museum staff and volunteer will work on renovating both the interior and exterior of the craft. The renovations will take place right at its current location to allow visitors to see the progress, according to the staff. The plan is for renovations to be complete in about a year.

 

History behind the Cobra

    The development of the AH-1 Cobra dates back to 1967 when the need arose for a light and fast armed helicopter.  Armed with 70mm aerial rockets, a chin-turret, and an optional 7.62mm minigun or 40mm smoke grenade dispenser, the AH-1G Cobra was designed to provide armed escort, reconnaissance and direct fire support for ground forces. 

    The US Army later phased out the AH-1 during the 1990's and eventually retired them from active service in March of 1999.  The reserves would later follow suit in September 2001.

    This particular Cobra helicopter, serial number 67-15663, has a unique and notable history, according to AHEC. It entered service in Vietnam in August of 1968 with F troop of the 8th Cavalry stationed in Chu Lai. The helicopter still bares the patches from where it suffered damage to its fuselage from ground fire during a combat mission on Nov. 25, 1969.

    Returning to the US in 1973 "663" was transformed and modernized into the AH-1S model now armed with TOW Missiles for destroying heavy armor vehicles as well as a 20 mm chin mounted three barrel Gatling style gun. The upgraded aircraft was then assigned to a unit in Germany for the remainder of the Cold War.  


Tom Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
West Nile Virus season upon us again, are you at risk?   

 

Carlisle Barracks will begin conducting mosquito surveillance starting this week. Traps like the one at the left will be placed in different locations throughout the installation every week through October. Courtesy photo.

 June 20, 2008 -- You are standing in the backyard, eating barbeque chicken, chatting with friends and family, having a good time. Meanwhile, a female Culex pipiens mosquito is looking for her next meal - blood. She needs the protein to produce several hundred eggs. She bites; you scratch your arm. A few days later, you have a fever, headache and body-aches; typical symptoms of the flu. You visit your doctor and the diagnosis is a mild form of West Nile Virus. Your doctor treats the symptoms, and a few days later, you feel as good as new.

    While no cases of West Nile Virus have been reported in Cumberland County yet this year, surveillance and common sense are the best course of action to avoid infective mosquito bites. This year's surveillance campaign on Carlisle Barracks is scheduled to start this week according to Ken Malick, Environmental Health Chief, Dunham Clinic.

    Most people bitten by an infected mosquito never experience symptoms, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and 20 percent of those who do experience flu-like symptoms. In rare, severe cases, the disease can be life threatening with symptoms including high fever, stiff neck, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness and paralysis. People over 50, and adults and children with weak immune systems are most at risk.
    By following some general guidelines, you can reduce the risk of being infected. Consider staying indoors at dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active. If that isn't possible, wear long sleeves and pants when outdoors, and use bug repellent containing 5-24 percent DEET. Also, drain standing water, such as birdbaths and wading pools, because this prevents mosquitoes from laying their eggs.

How you can help protect yourself and others
 There are things every individual can do around the home and farm to help eliminate mosquito-breeding areas. Some of these tips include:
· Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots or similar water-holding containers that have collected on your property.

· Pay attention to discarded tires. Stagnant water in tires are where most mosquitoes breed.

· Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers left outdoors.

· Have clogged roof gutters cleaned every year, particularly if the leaves from surrounding trees have a tendency to plug up the drains. Roof gutters can produce millions of mosquitoes each season.

· Turn over plastic wading pools when not in use. Stagnant water in a wading pool becomes a place for mosquitoes to breed.

· Turn over wheelbarrows and don't let water stagnate in birdbaths. Both provide breeding habitats for domestic mosquitoes.

· Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish. Water gardens can become major mosquito producers if they are allowed to stagnate. Clean and chlorinate swimming pools not in use. A swimming pool left untended by a family on vacation for a month can produce enough mosquitoes to result in neighborhood-wide complaints. Mosquitoes may even breed in the water that collects on pool covers.

· Keep water in buckets and troughs fresh and clean.

· Use landscaping to eliminate standing water that collects on your property. Mosquitoes may breed in any puddle that lasts for more than four days.

 
    For more information visit http://www.state.pa.us/
 

    For more information about West Nile Virus, visit the CDC Web site at www.cdc.gov.
   

 

 


Col. John Dabrowski, Army Heritage and Education Center
TWIAH:'The last hero....'

 William J Donovan.  AHEC photo.

    By the end of June 1941, as the Second World War raged in Europe and China, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had become very concerned about the coordination of the intelligence services. On July 11, 1941, just five months before the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's entry into that war, he appointed William J. ("Wild Bill") Donovan as the first Coordinator of Information (COI), which was a new civilian office attached to the White House. Fears of fascism and communism had prompted FDR to ask for greater coordination by the departmental intelligence arms. The COI was the answer to the president's request. The COI, of course, would become the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) (effective June 13, 1942) after the US entered the war. The president's choice of Donovan to head the organization could not have been wiser. Donovan -- a native of Buffalo, New York, a successful Wall Street lawyer and an old friend of FDR's--- was a bona fide war hero, having earned the Congressional Medal of Honor while serving as a battalion commander in the famed "Fighting 69th" Infantry Regiment during the First World War.
     One of Donovan's first duties as the new COI was the recruitment of personnel. He recruited Americans that had traveled or studied abroad, such as academics and business people as well as a number of intelligence personnel from the Army's G-2 section and the Navy's Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI). The COI's successor, the OSS, eventually drew such a high proportion of socially prominent individuals of the day that many dubbed the organization, "Oh So Social," a humorous play on the organization's acronym, OSS. Of the many females that were recruited, one that may be familiar to readers was the late American chef, Julia Child, who served with the OSS in Ceylon and China during the war.
    At its peak in late 1944, the OSS employed almost 13,000 personnel, those numbers equaling the size of a US Army infantry division. Donovan used thousands of officers and enlisted men seconded from the military and also found military slots for many of the people who came to the OSS as civilians. US Army personnel made up about two-thirds of its strength, with civilians, and other services making up the rest.
    The OSS was met with some consternation by rival intelligence gathering organizations, such as J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Army's G-2, and various other wartime agencies, which viewed Donovan, a civilian, as an interloper. Donovan's military status was enhanced when he was commissioned as an Army colonel in 1942; he would finish up the war with the rank of Major General.
    The OSS conducted both espionage operations (SI Branch) and special operations (SO Branch). Its clandestine operations expanded into every major wartime theater except the Pacific, where General MacArthur forbade it to operate. OSS members were parachuted or delivered by submarine to German-occupied France, Vichy-controlled North Africa, and Axis-controlled Balkans. They were on the verge of attempting to capture or kill Adolf Hitler, but he committed suicide just before they could launch the operation. They did succeed in brokering the surrender of the German army in northern Italy ten days before V-E Day, thus saving thousands of lives on both sides.
    The OSS went hand-in-hand with Britain's wartime Special Operation Executive (SOE), which was set up by Prime Minister Winston Churchill to "set Europe ablaze." Both organizations sent their agents to assist anti-fascist resistance groups with training and equipment - from the Marquis in France and Tito's Partisans in Yugoslavia to insurgents in Burma and China. The OSS and SOE efforts were keys to victory over the Axis.
    It has been written that the "OSS was a direct reflection of Donovan's character. He was its spark plug, the moving force behind it. In a sense it can be said that Donovan was the OSS." When informed of Donovan's death in 1959, President Eisenhower stated, "What a man! We have lost the last hero."