Banner Archive for April 2014

Distance Education Orientations to cause parking challenges May 2, 9

On the mornings of May 2 and May 9, there will be approximately 150 additional personnel driving onto post to attend the Distance Education Orientation Weekends. There will be no reserved parking areas for the attendees, they will use the parking available to all other personnel on Carlisle Barracks.

Employees and residents are advised to be prepared for crowded parking conditions on those two days and consider carpooling.

Goda sparks discussion at Holocaust Days of Remembrance presentations


Norman Goda, Ph.D., Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Florida, spoke in Bliss Hall for the Days of Remembrance at Carlisle Barracks sponsored by the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute.

Norman Goda, Ph.D., Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Florida delivered two presentations for the Days of Remembrance at Carlisle Barracks sponsored by the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute on April 29.  First a keynote address and his presentation, Allied Grand Strategy and the Holocaust in World War II, to staff, faculty and students in Bliss Hall from 11:45 – 12:45 p.m.  Then, Dr. Goda presentes, At the Abyss: Private Jewish Responses to Mass Murder, at the Army Heritage and Education Center, which was open to the public.

Goda has served as a consultant to the U.S. and German governments, as well as for various radio, television, and film documentaries in the U.S., Europe and Israel. He is the Norman and Irma Braman Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Florida. His studies include modern European history and specialize in the history of the Holocaust, war crimes trials, and twentieth century diplomacy. Goda teaches courses on the Holocaust and Nazi Germany from historical and interdisciplinary perspectives.


The Army Heritage and Education Center presentation frameed the holocaust from a victim’s perspective. This is an effort to elucidate on the idea that one is either a resistor or passive victim during mass murder/genocide/ethnocide. AHEC is located at 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle Pa. and sponsors numerous public lectures throughout the year which provide a historical dimension to commemorations such as the Days of Remembrance. In addition, the Army Heritage Trail is open dawn to dusk daily. For other events, specific hours of operation and more information please see  


The Bliss Hall session focused on the Allied/U.S. strategic responses to the Holocaust. This included decision making and strategic leadership components to highlight the challenge for national leaders confronted with an overwhelming problem set nested within a war.


The United States Congress established the Days of Remembrance as the nation’s annual commemoration of the Holocaust, April 27–May 4. The internationally recognized date for Holocaust Remembrance Day corresponds to the 27th day of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar that marks the anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising in 1943. Nisan is the first month of the Jewish calendar.


Goda is the author of Tomorrow the World: Hitler, Northwest Africa, and the Path toward America (1998); Tales from Spandau: Nazi Criminals and the Cold War (2007); The Holocaust: Europe, the World, and the Jews (2013). He has also co-authored, with Richard Breitman, US Intelligence and the Nazis (2005) and Hitler's Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War (2010). He has published articles in various journals including the Journal of Modern History, The International History Review, and The Journal of Contemporary History, and his work has been the subject of stories by The New York Times, Associated Press, US News and World Report and other major news outlets.

Army War College wins 2014 Jim Thorpe Sports Days

National War College and Eisenhower College compete

Photos and event results are at

Jim Thorpe Sports Days kicked off with an athletes walk-on, torch run, and cauldron lighting that would make the folks at Sochi sit up and take notice.

The students' special guest, Lt. Gov. Jefferson Keel of the Chickasaw Nation, helped start the games with a reminder of the legacy of Jim Thorpe and an appropriately neutral good-luck to all contestants.

"Not only did Jim Thorpe concentrate on being a great athlete, he was a great human being," he said during the Opening Ceremony. He loved his family and he made everyone around him better because of his attitude and what he wanted to give to mankind.

"For me to be here with you is an honor," said Keel. "The athletes are prepared and ready. Let the games begin!"

Keel's comments were punctuated by a gun salute by the 108th Field Artillery Soldiers, from Carlisle, Pa.

Community colleagues took part in the colorful event: Cumberland Valley High School's Junior ROTC students carried the U.S. and Service colors into the Thorpe Field arena. Native American members of Circle Legacy joined the fans representing all three schools. The Carlisle High School Choir offered a stirring, a capella rendition of the National Anthem.

Immediately following Opening Ceremony were the crowd-pleasing relay competitions.

In the Women's Relay Army took 1st Place, while National took 2nd and Eisenhower placed 3rd. In the Men's Relay, National took 1st place, with Army a close 2nd and Eisenhower finishing 3rd.

photo:  spirit of the games

In Game 1 of Softball, Army lost a close game to National 8-7. For Match 1 of Volleyball, Army beat Eisenhower 2-0. In the opening match of Soccer, Army and Eisenhower tied up at 2-2. Subsequently, Army took the Soccer Shootout in a 3-2 victory.

In Game 2 of Softball, Army beat Eisenhower 17-7. In Volleyball, Match 2 saw Eisenhower winning over National 2-0. In Basketball, Army beat National 52-41 in Game 2. For Game 2 of Soccer, Army beat National 2-0.

For the latest Soccer game, Eisenhower defeated National by a score of 2-1. In Golf, Army took 1st and 3rd places, while Eisenhower takes 2nd.

For softball, in Game 3 National beat Eisenhower 18-6 and Army defeated Eisenhower 11-5. In Volleyball - Match 3, Army defeats National 2-0 and Eisenhower defeated National 2-0. In Game 3 of Basketball, Army defeated Eisenhower 60-30. For Skeet Shooting, Army took 1st place, National took 2nd, and Eisenhower placed 3rd. For Trap Shooting, National placed 1st, with Army taking 2nd and Eisenhower placing 3rd.

Eisenhower beat National 2-1 in Soccer and National defeated Eisenhower 45-33 in Basketball.

Army took 1st place in Cycling, followed by Eisenhower and National. In the 5K Run, Army also took 1st place, followed by National and Eisenhower.

Softball saw National edging out Army for a win. In Volleyball, Army dominated Eisenhower to secure that championship.

In the Soccer Championship Game today, Army beat Eisenhower.

Army wins over National in the Basketball Championship.

Army takes the overall Jim Thorpe Sports Day Trophy!





World War II through the eyes of Bill Maudlin's 'Willie' and 'Joe'

AHEC Presents:  The Life and times of Bill Maudlin, presented by author Dr. Todd DePastino

Thursday, May 1, 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage & Education Center

The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania will present a fresh look at the classic “Willie and Joe” World War II cartoons drawn by the era’s most famous cartoonist, Bill Mauldin.  At 7:15 PM on Thursday, May 1, 2014, Dr. Todd DePastino of Waynesburg University will present a lecture on the life and times of the cartoonist at USAHEC’s Visitor and Education Center.  The Brooks E. Kleber Memorial Lecture will be based on Dr. DePastino’s latest work, Bill Maudlin: A Life Upfront, and will feature a presentation of Mauldin’s most famous, and somewhat obscure, cartoons.

Dr. Todd DePastino examines the life of World War II serviceman Bill Maudlin, known throughout the military and civilian worlds as the creator of cartoons depicting the everyday struggles of G.I.s. In many ways, the enlisted cartoonist was a rogue, standing up to the Army system and even the beloved and aggressive General Patton. Despite his hard look at the Army, General Eisenhower recognized the pressure valve his art provided and issued a directive stating Mauldin’s cartoons were not to be interfered with. Among the 22 year old’s greatest creations were the characters Willie and Joe, instantly recognizable as the personifications of the average American on the frontlines during World War II. Called “A deeply felt, vivacious, and wonderfully illustrated biography,” Dr. DePastino lifts the veil on the troubled life of a man who struggled to deal with almost overnight fame and the guilt that came with gaining something positive from such a destructive and devastating war.

Dr. Todd DePastino holds a Ph.D. in American History from Yale University and teaches at Waynesburg University. The winner of the 2008 Lucas-Hathaway Award for Teaching Excellence, Dr. DePastino also authored several books, including Commissioned in Battle: A Combat Infantryman in the Pacific, Citizen Hobo: How a Century of Homelessness Shaped America, and The Road by Jack London.  Dr. DePastino wrote his dissertation on the history of homelessness and turned it into a book, winning the National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship award for his efforts. Bill Maudlin: A Life Upfront is an Eisner Award finalist and took the Sperber Prize for the best biography of a major media figure.

All USAHEC lectures are open to the public and FREE to attend.  Doors to the Visitor and Education Center will open at 6:30 PM, and the lecture will begin at 7:15 PM.  Parking is free, and the Museum Store will be open.  For directions, more information, and a complete schedule of USAHEC events, please visit: or call 717-245-3972.


Gettysburg is tool for strategic education

April 17, 2014 -- Although there are many reasons to participate in a staff ride, Gettysburg is special to the Army War College and part of the Carlisle Experience. There is no substitute for standing on the battlefields and experiencing what Generals Lee and Meade did as they sized up the terrain and the situation in the context of political and military objectives.

Students of the class of 2014 participated in the national security staff ride to Gettysburg, April 17, led by experienced historians.

Prof. Al Lord began the staff ride almost immediately upon leaving Carlisle Barracks, pointing out to the students of ‘bus 4’ the canon ball marks the Confederate Army left on the Courthouse on the corner of High and Hanover streets.

Students view the Gettysburg Battlefield as staff ride leader Prof. Al Lord discusses the terrain as a significant factor in employing 19th century Landpower.

Throughout the staff ride, Lord pointed out, where applicable, his four rules for USAWC – the short course. Rule 1: It’s the context…the best tactics cannot trump the wrong strategy; 2: It’s all about logistics – resources available determine the art of the possible; 3: Words mean things – communication aligns unity of effort; and 4: Personalities matter – building trust for the long term.

This was Army student Col. Jeff White’s 6thvisit to Gettysburg. “I signed up to gain a broader perspective on this very important historical and strategic battle in our nation’s history. Every time I come here I learn more and more.”

For Air Force student Lt. Col. Mark Bloomey, a pilot, this was his first visit to the battlefield. Walking the terrain allows you see it from a different perspective, features like the rock walls, and rolling pastures – you just can’t appreciate from the air, he said.

“I like military history," said Burundi Fellow Lt. Col. Elie Bukuru. "I respect the heroes.  We learn from the past to improve the present and the future,”

In general, students reported that the staff ride was a valuable tool for better understanding strategy and felt that it should be considered a mandatory part of their studies.

Top local educators earn Army War College salute
Five school districts gather with Army to honor their best at the Excellence in Education Reception

CARLISLE BARRACKS, Pa. – Army War College leaders will honor top educators of the region’s five school districts and Saint Patrick’s School, while celebrating school administrators’, counselors’, and teachers’ commitment and selfless support for military children. Army War College parents will join Maj. Gen. and Mrs. Tony Cucolo for the Excellence in Education Reception in their home, Quarters One, Wednesday, April 30 at 6 p.m.

    The Army War College is sponsoring the fifth annual reception to highlight the unique relationship between schools and the military children who live a challenging life of many moves and many school transitions.

     The exceptional principals, teachers, and counselors who educate military children have been identified for honors by the superintendents of Carlisle, Big Spring, Cumberland Valley, Mechanicsburg and South Middleton school districts and Saint Patrick’s School.

     Employees of the Carlisle Barracks Child, Youth, and School Services will be recognized for close collaboration with parents and schools in providing educational summer and after-school programs.

    They will be joined by school board representatives, Army leaders, and military parents to salute the work of these top educators. 

     These school districts have made a special, additional commitment by becoming members of the Military Child Education Coalition several years ago. On a daily basis, administrators, teachers, coaches and counselors have shown commitment to military children and other children whose parents live a transient life through thoughtful policies and a relentless focus on children’s success and well-being.

List of honorees:

Carlisle Area School District

Mr. Bruce Rowland, Teacher

Mrs. Sue Biondo-Hench, Teacher

Mr. Eric Sands, Assistant Principal

Mrs. Kristen Furness, Teacher

Mr. Michael Gogoj, Assistant Principal

Mr. Mark Smeltz, Teacher

Mrs. Diane Reisinger, Teacher

Mr. Jeffrey R. Bell, Principal

Ms. Danielle M. Bailor, Teacher

Ms. Kathi Smith, Teacher


Cumberland Valley School District

Mr. Joseph Shirvinski, Principal

Sgt. Richard Vargas, CV JROTC

Col.  John Kardos, CV JROTC

Mrs. Lisa Fones, School Counselor

Mrs. Laura Jones, Teacher


South Middleton School District

Mrs. Sharon Giselman, Administrative Assistant

Mrs. Tara Trostle, Librarian

Mrs. Jennifer Chamberlin, Teacher

Ms. Amy Necci, Teacher


Big Spring School District

Mr. Steve Smith, Principal

Mr. Scott Anderson, Teacher

Mr. William August, Principal

Mr. Scott Penner, Teacher


Mechanicsburg School District

Mr. Nicholas Butt, Counselor

Ms. Cheryl Dellinger, Teacher

Mrs. Brenda Schmidt, Counselor

Mr. Daniel Williams, Teacher


Saint Patrick School

Mrs. Jill Brown, Teacher


Tieman Child Development Center – Leaderkenny Army Depot

Ms. Ronda Cover

Ms. Martha Farner


Moore Child Development Center – Carlisle Barracks

Ms. Marlene Quinn

Mrs. Susan Keller            


Youth Services – Carlisle Barracks

Mrs. Amy Magnuson

Ms. Meriah Swope

Army Reserve Birthday

The 106th U.S. Army Reserve Birthday was celebrated by students, staff and faculty in Bliss Hall April 23. 

Maj. Gen. Marcia Anderson, Deputy Chief Army Reserve was on hand to help celebrate, as well as meet current and future reserve component students.  She stressed the importance of working together as a team and why the training and professionalism of reserve component Soldiers make them indistinguishable to the active component they fight with side by side.

Speaking about the financial benefit Army Reserve Soldiers bring to the local economy, Anderson discussed her enthusiasm for the Private Public Partnership Initiative, also known as P3i, which focuses on finding jobs for Army Reserve Soldiers.

“The biggest message I have for business is now that we are leaving Afghanistan obviously our operational tempo is going to slow. We can guarantee that they are going to have a Soldier who is going to be here, they aren’t going to be deployed,” said Anderson.

Businesses are getting trained employees who are drug free, have access to educational benefits, and affordable healthcare for themselves and their families.  These Soldiers bring many benefits and advantages to the companies who hire them.

“A lot of things we teach our Soldiers, employers would have to pay a lot of money to teach, like leadership,” said Anderson.

Anderson went on to point out that Army Reserve sergeants are responsible for people and equipment, to include the physical and mental well-being of their subordinates, this type of experience and responsibility is much greater than employers typically expect from new hires.

“It’s a win-win for employers,” said Anderson.

In Pennsylvania the total economic impact of Army Reserve Soldiers is estimated to be $231,271,298, with a total of 8,744 Soldiers with 86 Army Reserve facilities in the state.


Thomas Zimmerman, Carlisle Barracks Public Affairs Officer
Carlisle Mayor joins Carlisle Barracks in honoring military kids

Carlisle Mayor Tim Scott read a proclamation at the Carlisle Borough Office April 23 designating April 2014 as the Month of the Military Child. Members of the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks leadership team, representatives of the War College Class of 2014 and nearly 20 post youth also took part in the ceremony.


April 23, 2014 -- In front of local elected officials, members of the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks leadership team, representatives of the War College Class of 2014 and nearly 20 post youth, Carlisle Mayor Tim Scott proclaimed that April 2014 is the Month of the Military Child in Carlisle, Pa.

"I'm proud to recognize this important occasion on behalf of the greater Carlisle Community," said Mayor Scott

The proclamation honors the sacrifices and challenges military children make and highlights the important role they play in the Army family at Carlisle Barracks and military installations across the U.S. and around the world. Since 1983, the Department of Defense has recognized military children for the support they provide to their families. There are now 1.8 million children in the military system. Each April, military children are honored across the Department of Defense with a month of activities designed to pay tribute to their specific struggles, determination, and resilience.

“Much focus is spent on their parents' dedication and sacrifices, while children in military families are often overlooked,” said Lt. Col. Kim Peeples, Carlisle Barracks garrison commander. “The so-called "military brats" often make huge sacrifices of their own due to the great demands on their parents. This is a great occasion to thank them and I’m so glad that the Carlisle community is joining us in celebrating this important occasion.”

Across the nation kids participated in Purple Up! for Military Kids on April 15 as a way to show support for military kids.

At Carlisle Barracks events were held to honor military kids including a Family Fun Fair for both on and off-post families. The Fun Fair, scheduled for the first time in conjunction with the post Easter Egg Hunt, featured games, face painting, bouncy houses, dance demonstrations and more.

The post also offered lock-ins, field trips, Family movie nights and specials at the post bowling alley, outdoor recreation and more during the month.



Visit by Chickasaw Lt. Gov. to highlight 2014 Jim Thorpe Sports Days at Carlisle Barracks


Jefferson Keel, Lieutenant Governor of the Chickasaw Nation, will be the special guest for 2014 Jim Thorpe Sports Days.  

 Get the complete schedule at Schedule(1).pdf

April 17, 2014 -- A colorful opening ceremony will kick off the Jim Thorpe Sports Days competition Thursday, April 24 at 5 p.m. on Carlisle Barracks’ historic Indian Field where Jim Thorpe and others once displayed the teamwork, discipline, and physical fitness that inspires the athletic games at Carlisle. 

This year’s special guest Jefferson Keel, Lieutenant Governor of the Chickasaw Nation -- a retired U.S. Army officer with more than 20 years active duty service -- will help the students of the U.S. Army War College and other senior service colleges honor the athletic legacy of Jim Thorpe.

While here Keel will tour the post to understand the history of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School that is still present today in the historic campus and preserved at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center.  

He will take part in the opening ceremony at 5 p.m., Thursday, April 24 along with Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, U.S. Army War College Commandant, Marine Corps Brig. Gen. Thomas Gorry, Commandant, Dwight D. Eisenhower School of National Security and Resource Strategy, National Defense University, and Mark Pizzo, Chief and Dean of Students, National War College, and Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, President of NDU.  

The colorful ceremony will include a 13-gun salute from the Pennsylvania Army National Guard; an Olympic-style walk-on with the athletes of every school; the National Anthem, welcome remarks from Cucolo and Keel, a torch relay lap around the track, and lighting of the cauldron.

This year teams from the U.S. Army War College, National War College and Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy will compete in the three-day competition with the winner awarded the Commandants’ Cup.

New for this year is an on-post cycling competition that will take riders around the nation’s second oldest military installation. Other sports events include golf, soccer, softball, volleyball, basketball, trap and skeet, men’s and women’s relays, and a 5K run.

Students from these senior service schools average 22 years of military service and 42 years of age. Also competing are international officers from each of the schools; the Army War College at 77 has the largest number of the three competing schools.    

Immediately following the torch lighting, the men’s and women's one-mile relay team competition on the Indian Field track will begin.

The games will run from April 24-26 and a schedule can be found here

Scores and updates will be added throughout the games at

April is Alcohol Awareness Month


Under 21 in PA – Zero Tolerance

Under 21: It is illegal for anyone under 21 to possess, purchase, attempt to purchase, consume or transport any alcohol, liquor, malt or brewed beverages. It is also illegal for anyone under 21 to lie about their age or to carry a false ID card to obtain any alcohol, liquor, malt or brewed beverages.1 Penalty: Minors (persons under 21) convicted of any of the offenses cited above, will lose their driver’s license for 90 days and face fines up to $300 plus court cost for a first offense. For the first offense, individuals who do not have a driver’s license, will not be able to apply for a driver’s license or a learner’s permit for 90-days from the date of the suspension. For first time offenders under 16, the 90-day penalty begins on their 16th birthday.2


Zero Tolerance

Mixing alcohol with driving is always extremely dangerous. If you’re under 21, drinking and driving in Pennsylvania imposes stiff penalties. If you’re caught driving with ANY measurable amount of alcohol in your blood, you may be arrested for Driving Under the Influence (DUI). The”Zero Tolerance” law (Section 3802(e) of the PA Vehicle Code, Title 75) lowered the Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) for minors to .02%.



Zero Tolerance?

Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for U.S. teens, accounting for more than one in three deaths in this age group.³ In 2009, eight teens ages 16 to 19 died every day from motor vehicle injuries. In 2009, about 3,000 teens in the United States aged 15–19 were killed and more than 350,000 were treated in emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor-vehicle crashes. ³ Young people ages 15-24 represent only 14% of the U.S. population. However, they account for 30% ($19 billion) of the total costs of motor vehicle injuries among males and 28% ($7 billion) of the total costs of motor vehicle injuries among females. In 2010, approximately 1,300 Pennsylvania drivers who were under the age of 21 were involved in alcohol-related crashes.


1. Pennsylvania Crimes Code, Title 18

2. Pennsylvania Vehicle Code, Title 75

3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010

4. U.S. Dept. of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,2009

5. Incidence and Economic Burden of Injuries in the United States. New York:

Oxford University Press; 2006

6. Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, 2010


Serious Consequences for a DUI if under 21

If you are arrested for a DUI, the police will ask you to take a breath or blood test. If your BAC level is between .02% and .159% and you are convicted of a DUI, you can expect:


• 12 months - 18 months license suspension

• 48 hours - 6 months jail time for a first offense; 1 – 5 years for a fourth offense.

• Drug & Alcohol Evaluation

• Court Reporting Network (CRN) evaluation

• Fines from $500 to $5,000 for a first offense; $1,500 to $10,000 for a 3rd offense

• Completion of a state-approved Alcohol Highway Safety Program

• Ignition Interlock device installed in your vehicle for 1 year for a 2nd and 3rd offense, after the license suspension has been served.





• 12 months - 18 months license suspension

• 72 hours - 12 months jail time for a first offense; 1-5 years for a third offense

• Drug & Alcohol evaluation

• Court Reporting Network (CRN) evaluation

• Fines from $1,000 to $10,000

• Completion of a state-approved Alcohol Highway Safety Program

• Ignition Interlock device installed in your vehicle for 1 year for a 2nd and 3rd Offense, after the license suspension has been served.

(An ignition interlock system uses a breath analyzer to detect whether the driver has recently consumed alcohol. If so, the vehicle cannot be started.)



If you’re under 18 (Juvenile DUI), you may also have a juvenile complaint filed against you and may become an adjudicated delinquent. Your parents will be notified of your arrest.

If you’re 18-20 (Minor DUI), you may be ordered to Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition Program (ARD) if you qualify. If you don’t qualify, you may be sentenced to 48 hours in jail.

A DUI arrest stays on your record for ten years. That’s a long time. If you’re convicted more than once, the fines, suspensions, and jail time all increase.


Other Penalties

False ID: It is illegal for a person to knowingly, intentionally or recklessly manufacture, make, alter, sell or attempt to sell an identification card falsely representing the identity, birth date, or age of another.


Open Container: It is against the law in Pennsylvania for drivers or their passengers to consume alcohol or possess an open container of alcohol on Pennsylvania roads.


This law does not apply to passengers in a commercial transport vehicle, such as a bus, taxi, limousine, or to those riding in the living quarters of a house coach or trailer.P

enalties (cont’d)

Furnishing to Minors: Adults who sell, furnish, or purchase with the intent to sell or furnish alcohol to anyone under 21 (even their own children), or provide them a place to consume alcohol will receive a mandatory minimum fine of $1,000, and up to $2,500 for each subsequent offense, in addition to other potential penalties.

That’s Not the Endof the Story

The effects of a DUI arrest can continue for years. You may experience:


• Work problems — Without a driver’s license, you may not be able to get to work. If your job requires travel, you could be fired. Future employers may use the DUI arrest as reason not to hire you.


• Insurance problems — You can expect your car insurance rates to increase after an arrest. Some companies may cancel your policy, and others may refuse coverage.


Information provided by Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board Alcohol Education. For additional information contact Army Substance Abuse Prevention at 245 – 4576 or visit the PA LCB website at



It’s Not Your Call,

It’s the Law

Army Reserve Military History Detachments learn at AHEC

April 11, 2014 – Four reserve component military history detachments participated in the first Introduction to Applied History course taught at the Army Heritage and Education Center, an integral part of the Army War College.

Units are taught every aspect of applied history and we hope this will become a long-term program, said Karl K. Warner, program and education coordinator at AHEC.

In the Army Reserve, military history detachments usually include officers who are 5X, military historian qualified, with non-commissioned officers who are public affairs, 46A qualified. However, Warner noted that any unit interested in applied history could benefit from the course.

Maj. Ronald Gaudelli, officer in charge of the 305th Military History Detachment out of Coraopolis, Pa. said, “This course is teaching us how to research material, how to catalog artifacts, handle different information, and how take the Soldier’s story and preserve it.”

During reserve unit training, MHD’s take it upon themselves to interview veterans of past wars and collect photographs to provide to the Center for Military History, said Gaudelli.

“History is so important for us to teach, so that a unit or Soldier can better themselves in their own career, make better decisions, and better understand leadership and organizations,” said Warner.

April is National Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness Month

WASHINGTON (April 21, 2014) -- Across the United States, April is recognized as National Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness Month. The Department of Defense is committed to moving toward a culture free of sexual assault and encourages all members of the military and civilians within the Department to follow the theme: "Live Our Values: Step Up To Stop Sexual Assault."

President Barack Obama, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel and top DOD leadership continue to keep sexual assault prevention and awareness issue on the forefront of the nation's and DOD's agenda, while leadership actively works to tackle the issue.

In a speech earlier this month at Fort Belvoir, Va., Maj. Gen. Jeffrey J. Snow, director of the DOD's Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office, assured those in the audience that, with the full backing of Secretary of Defense Hagel, as well as the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Department is "attacking sexual assault from all sides."

"After three months on the job, I clearly can't stand up here and tell you I have all the answers. Still, there are a couple things I can say with certainty," said Snow. "We recognize we are dealing with a highly complex crime and a multifaceted societal problem, and it will take all of us to eliminate sexual assault from our ranks. Our commitment to eradicating sexual assault and protecting our men and women who serve is genuine and sincere. And, we need everyone at every level to make a personal commitment to stop sexual assault."

Snow went on to say that personal commitment should include intervening in situations that pose a risk for sexual harassment and assault, and empowering survivors of sexual assault to come forward, knowing that when they do, they will be treated with respect.

Over the past year, Hagel has undertaken a wide range of policy initiatives to address the problem of sexual assault in the military, including expanding victim rights, improving victim legal support, and enhancing commander accountability. Snow, working in lock-step with Hagel, echoed his sentiments and also emphasized that sexual assault will not be eliminated through policy alone.

"We all have a critical role in preventing and responding to sexual assault," he said. "When I say or read those words I think about social courage, which is critical to eradicating sexual assault from our ranks. Social courage is having the guts to safely step up and stop it -- or seek help -- when you see inappropriate or illegal behavior. Social courage is showing empathy and support for those being wrongfully mistreated. In the words of Winston Churchill, 'Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak. Courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.' This is what we want each of you to do: step up; be counted; intervene; act; listen; and support."

In his Presidential Proclamation on National Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness Month, Obama also emphasized that eradicating sexual assault from communities across America is a shared responsibility.

"This month, let us recognize that we all have a stake in preventing sexual assault, and we all have the power to make a difference. Together, let us stand for dignity and respect, strengthen the fabric of our communities, and build a safer, more just world," he said.

If you or someone you know has been a victim of sexual assault, please visit the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office website for resources and victim assistance. You can also find sexual assault prevention and response resources in your local community by visiting the National Resource Directory's Sexual Assault Prevention and Response folder.


Thomas Zimmerman, Carlisle Barracks Public Affairs Officer
Huge turnout for Carlisle Barracks egg hunt, Family Fun fair

Nearly 600 kids and their Families came out for the first ever Carlisle Barracks Family Fun Fair April 12. Incorporating both the annual Easter Egg Hunt and family advocacy day, the fair located near the Moore Child Development Center, featured games, face painting, bouncy houses, dance demonstrations and more, all with an educational twist.  

Find more photos on the USAWC facebook page


Under sunny skies and long-overdue warm weather, the streets and field around the Moore Child Development Center were packed with kids and their Families for the 1st ever Family Fun Fair at Carlisle Barracks April 12.

The Fun Fair, scheduled for the first time in conjunction with the post Easter Egg Hunt, featured games, face painting, bouncy houses, dance demonstrations and more.

“Having attended the Easter Egg hunt last year it seemed that there was far more we could offer a group of parents and kids,” said Kelly Villalobos, Family Advocacy Program manager. “I thought if we could offer an advocacy fair in conjunction with the egg hunt that we would have a hit on our hands.”

She was right as nearly 600 kids and their Families turned out for the event.

To help make the games fun and also educational, Villalobos and her volunteers started with basic fair games and then gave them all a safety or child advocacy twist.

“We had “Banding together to fight sexual assault” where kids made a rainbow loom band, a sand art table with the awareness colors for Child Abuse Prevention, Sexual Assault Prevention, and Month of the Military Child,” she said. “We also had a pinwheel creation station again using the awareness colors and the pinwheel, the DoD Symbol for Child Abuse Prevention Month.”

42 volunteers donated their time building, painting, collecting, decorating, creating and manning the games for the fair, she said.

“Our volunteers made the event possible” she said. 

Villalobos also singled out three interns, Kelly Goodwin and Kelly Moriarty from Shippensburg University and Rebecca Paone from Penn State Harrisburg for their work in the planning and execution of the event.

“They really made this event a success,” she said adding that they built games, painted signs, printed flyers and made colored sand and game parts in addition to help design the concept for the fair.

“This was a grassroots effort organized by the staff and volunteers,” said Lt. Col. Kim Peeples, Carlisle Barracks Garrison Commander. “I’m so proud of the staff for putting this together. It was a phenomenal event that I know was enjoyed by our Families.”




Child, Youth and School Services activities for Jim Thorpe Sports Days

Thursday & Friday, April 24-25

Hourly Care – 8:30 AM to 3:30 PM

Child Development Center (behind the Chapel)

455 Fletcher Road

Open to children ages Infant to 5 years of age.

$4 per hour per child – Registration Required, to Register for Care:  717-245-3801/4555

Must be a CYSS member or have required paperwork completed before April 18.

*Visiting Families will need to provide a short registration form & shot records for each child (Infants to 5th grade) as part of registration.

*Children with Special Needs will need to have a Special Needs Accommodation Process (SNAP) done before care is provided. 



Thursday, April 24

FREE - Open Recreation at Youth Services for Children 10-18 yrs.

637 Liggett Road, 717-245-4555/3801

1 to 7 p.m.                  

Arts & Crafts, Sports, Movie, Xbox, Wii, Computers & other Fun Activities.

FREE dinner at 5 p.m. (Hamburgers, Chips, Fruit Punch)



Friday, April 25

FREE - Open Recreation at Youth Services for Children 10-18 yrs.

637 Liggett Road, 717-245-4555/3801

1 to 6 p.m.          

Arts & Crafts, Sports, Movie, Xbox, Wii, Computers & other Fun Activities.

FREEdinner at 5 p.m. (Chicken Nuggets, Fries, Lemonade)



Parents’ Night Out 6 to 11 p.m.

Infants to Pre-K at the Child Development Center, 455 Fletcher Road (behind Chapel).

Children K-5th grades at Youth Services, 637 Liggett Road.

$30 for first child / $20 for each additional child, dinner and snack provided.

Arts & Crafts; Movie; Free Play.  Permission slip required.

Must be a CYSS member or have required paperwork completed before April 18.

To register call 717-245-3801/4555



Friday & Saturday, April 25-26

Free Operation Megaphone Worldwide Lock-In (Middle School & Teen - MST)

Middle School and Teens in grades 6th-12th grades

6 p.m. to 7 a.m.  at Youth Services, 637 Liggett Road

Events include:  Bowling; Ping Pong, Pool & Air Hockey Tournaments; Gaming-Xbox, Wii Kinect, etc.; Group Challenges (“Minute to Win It”).

Must be a CYSS member or have required paperwork completed before April 18.


Saturday, April 26

Free Month of the Military Child Family Movie Night

7- 9 p.m. at the Root Hall Gym

Come join us at Root Hall Gym with your family, your lawn chairs and blankets for a family friendly movie event to celebrate the Month of the Military Child. There will be Kool-Aid and popcorn for attendees.  

International Fellows Class of 2015 to number 80

When the Army War College resident Class of 2015 begins in August, it will include 80 international officers from almost as many countries.  Nations invited by the U.S. Government for participation in the Army’s senior education have selected the senior officers who will complete the 11-months resident course.

International officers are referred to as International Fellows because of their dual role to study and to add their experiences and perspectives to the senior U.S. military officers attending alongside them.

Twenty-eight International Fellows are taking part in the academic preparation course that started this week. The 10-week course is designed to prepare the international officer for the academic requirements of the year.

All international officers will report to Carlisle by June 20, so as to participate in an IF orientation course. The six-week introductory series will include orientation to the Army War College, to Carlisle and southcentral Pennsylvania. On-site visits, classes and workshops will present a broad spectrum view of the United States and its institutions, to include banking, media, driver’s licensing, health insurance, and family members’ requirements, such as schools, and more.

International Fellows of the Class of 2015 may contact the International Fellows Program office of the U.S. Army War College –

US Army War College, USAHEC & Dickinson College's Clarke Forum present --

CIA Week: Behind-the-scenes Cold War CIA stories

Behind-the-scenes stories of the CIA can now be told. During ‘CIA Week’ four events will offer distinct points of view about CIA activities during the Cold War -- by an outside researcher on April 16  and by expert insiders on April 22 – three at theArmy Heritage and Education Center and one at Dickinson College,  all open to the public and free.

** Wed, April 16 at 7:15 p.m. – Dr. Richard Immermanwill give a presentation and question/answer session about The CIA: Its Origin, Its Transformation, and Its Militarization.  Dr. Immerman will probe behind the headlines of the agency’s triumphs and blunders to explore the operations you know and secretive operations around the world. Dr. Immerman is a visiting professor from Temple University, teaching national intelligence at the Army War College. The author of “The Hidden Hand: A Brief History of the CIA”, Dr. Immerman will draw from a career of research, writing and teaching foreign relations, Cold War history and intelligence policy. Presented as part of the USAHEC Perspectives in Military History  series.

Three panels discussions, April 21-22 will give audience members the opportunity to hear the stories of successful operations, like the U2 and Corona programs and the Berlin Tunnel.  And, they tell the story behind the story:  people like Pyotar Popov, Oleg Penkovskiy, and Ryszard Kuklinski whose willingness to provide intelligence prevented war between East and West, at the expense of their own exile or death.


Mon, April 21 at 7 – 9 p.m. – CIA and Resolving the Missile Gap  at Althouse Hall, Dickinson College, 45 No. College St, Room 106, Carlisle 17013. (presented by the Clarke Forum)

As US Army attaches in the 1950s reviewed missiles in a Moscow May Day parade and the jet fighters and bombers overhead, they realized the intelligence gap:  Did the Soviet buildup represent military superiority over the US? What were their intentions? A aggressive, nuclear-armed Soviet Union presented a grave threat – a “bomber and missile gap” for America when Pres. Eisenhower took office in 1953. The U2 and Corona opened the chapter on aerial reconnaissance that has led to today’s high-tech intel and warfare.

With –Retired CIA analyst John Bird,  retired CIA senior scientific intelligence officer S. Eugene Poteat,  author Fred Kaplan and Army War College faculty Dr. Richard Immerman.



Tues, April 22 at 9:30 – 11:30 a.m.– The Importance of Clandestine Reporting: CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact – AHEC

The Cold War in Korea, Vietnam, Hungary and Czechoslovakia was a quiet fight carried out in the hallways and analysts’ desks in US intelligence agencies. Reams of recently-declassified CIA documents make it possible to tell the story of clandestine reporting about Warsaw Pact capabilities. Joan and John Bird sifted through that history for their book, “CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces” and now they bring the stories to central Pennsylvania, with fellow authors and historians.

With – retired CIA analysts John Bird and Joan Bird, CIA senior review officer Lou Mehrer, and Army War College/Dickinson faculty Dr. Craig Nation and Frank Jones



Tues, April 22 at 1 – 3 p.m. – The Men – AHEC –

The story behind the story is about the heroism of clandestine human sources. Cold War spies like Pyotar Popov, Oleg Penkovskiy, and Ryszard Kuklinski provided the “human intelligence” that prevented war between East and West -- at the expense of their own exile or death.

with -- Retired CIA agent David Forden who was chief of  the CIA’s Warsaw Station, analysts John Bird and Joan Bird, senior CIA review officer Lou Mehrer, author Jerrold Schecter, and CIA historian Hayden Peake.


NOTE:  This series is co-sponsored by the Army War College, Dickinson College, and the CIA Historial Review Program.

Moderating the sessions will be noted historians and leaders: retired Maj. Gen. William Burns on April 21, and CIA historian Dr. David Roberge on April 22.

Strategy Conference speaker Lamb: Confronting the world as it is

April 10, 2014 -- Lt. Gen. Sir Graeme Lamb chose to use his closing address for the Army War College Strategy Conference to speak to the Army War College students who are positioned to be the next leaders in militaries across the globe that will see change.

In his lecture titled, ‘Confronting the world as it is,’ he made the future of conflict very personal, April 10 in Bliss Hall. Where you are now is absolutely critical to your future, our nations’ and our future for our children’s children, he said.

Lamb related a story from Gen. James Mattis, who in 2008 told him he came up with ‘EI2’, which was the power of Experience, Instinct, and Intuition; the difference is four years of combat, which is exponential. “You all are absolutely in this space,” said Lamb. You have had the ability to reflect, to think to consider deeply of what you heard. It is really important that these last three days are not about just listening, about hearing what matters, but setting the conditions of reflecting and discussing in order to do something.

What you must do is invest in yourself and your people, stressed Lamb. “What matters on the battlefield is six inches that is between your two d--n  ears,” he said. But experience isn’t quite enough. It’s the species that adapts that survives. Because change is absolutely coming and you must embrace it.  If you defend the past you will surely lose the future, he said.

In the last century we worked within a need to know, but in this century not sharing information has been our weakness, said Lamb. We have achieved situational awareness, but what we need now is situational understanding. People are now connected, but not necessarily informed.

“We need to be concerned about weapons of mass disorder – the loss of electricity, logistics the essential parts of our life we take for granted.  

“Nothing is quite as we think it is,” he said.

You are in a very strong position here in the United States, he said. What is really important is that you must be able to articulate and define a strong narrative for defense.  Justify the need. There is no end to clear and present dangers, said Lamb.

Jim Thorpe Sports Days bike race to close roads April 26



For the first time ever the Jim Thorpe Sports Days Cycling Event will take place on Carlisle Barracks from 6:15 to 7 a.m. April 26.

About 20 cyclists are expects to take part in the event and each will complete approximately 8 laps. Post law enforcement will block traffic on the entire route for the entire 45 minute time.  

The route is Forbes Road - Liggett Road -Butler Road - Marshall Road – Barry Road - Letort Road - Pratt Road - Lovell Road - Flower Road – Gibner Road-Forbes Road. It can also been seen in the attached image. 

Residents on Marshall Road are asked to park their cars in their driveway.

Residents on Flower Road are asked to park behind their homes the night before.

Come out and support your teammates and cheer them as they try and cycle their way to another Commandants' Cup.

Social media helping destabilize world, strategist Kaplan says at War College Strategy Conference

Robert D. Kaplan, chief geopolitical analyst for Stratfor. served as the keynote speaker for the 2014 Army War College Strategy Conference.

Find videos from the presentations

Continue the discussion using #StratConf on Twitter


WASHINGTON (Army News Service, April 11, 2014) -- Twitter, Facebook and other types of social media are contributing to global instability, said Robert D. Kaplan, chief geopolitical analyst for Stratfor -- a team of intelligence experts.

The use of social media, he explained, has been shown to unite and rally demonstrators at a moment's notice, enabling them to focus their energies on toppling regimes in just a matter of days. An example would be the use of it during the so-called Arab Spring, which began in December 2010.

Kaplan was keynote speaker at the 25th Annual Strategy Conference in Carlisle, Pa., sponsored by the Army War College, in partnership with the Joint Staff/J7. His remarks and those of others are not official U.S. Army doctrine. Rather they are meant to inform the Army of possible challenges it faces in the coming years and decades, officials said.


Failed, collapsed or weakened states pose a regional security problem and even a national security threat for the U.S. and its Army, Kaplan said, defining a weak or failed state as one where travel outside the capital can be dangerous -- places like Syria, Iraq, South Sudan and Yemen.

Social media is not the only factor that will increasingly destabilize the world in the next 20 years, he said.

Ethnic and religious sectarian problems will continue to fester and create failed states in places like Africa and the Middle East, areas he compared to the post-Roman Empire Christendom in 4th, 5th and 6th-century Europe, where doctrinal battles and violence occurred between various sects.

Syria, Iraq and the Central African Republic area examples where that is occurring and Kaplan believes it will further spread as passions increase.

Another factor in the rise of failed states, he said, is the end of colonial rule and the strongmen who followed.

Like it or not, he said, the European powers sliced up the world in spheres of influence and domination, where protest and chaos was effectively quashed.

When that domination ended in the 1960s, strongmen -- who were seen by their people as leaders against imperialism -- emerged. Since these dictators now felt like they had moral authority, they governed how they pleased, he said, adding that it wasn't always in the best interest of their own people, but at least they maintained tight control.

But with the era of colonial rule and strongmen ending, people are getting restless and want change, he said; however the change each tribe, ethnic or sectarian group seeks may be very different and this results in friction and clashes.


One of the most important factors creating global instability, he said, are weak institutions that Americans take for granted; things like the departments of motor vehicles, water and electric companies, police and firefighters. These are not top-level government agencies, but are services that make society function.

In vast swaths of Africa and Asia, these institutions are weak and in some cases nonexistent, he said. Weak institutions in turn give rise to feeble state identities. Feeble state identities in turn breed discontent and anarchy.

That discontent then often manifests itself in militant, radicalized groups like Hamas and Hezbollah, which can create regional security problems. The kinds of people that join these types of groups, he said, are more willing to die for a cause than they would be for the state.

Non-state actors, he said, are also empowered by new technologies that have the potential for doing a great deal of damage; for instance offensive cyber capabilities and plastic explosives that can fit inside a pocket. A very small group of people with ideologies and these types of weapons can cause a great deal of instability.

There's not much the U.S. will be able to do in the coming years to address failed states, he said, because the money to do it might not be there. The U.S., however, can take selective actions it deems important using its special operations capabilities.

Meanwhile, he said, the Army and other services remaining strong can serve as a deterrent to those who would do America harm. In other words, even if the Army isn't engaged in direct combat, its strength will dissuade potential aggressors.


As if failed states aren't bad enough, Kaplan said there's plenty to be concerned about with respect to non-failed states like China and Russia.

For centuries, China was effectively separated from India by the Himalayas. Then, new technologies made the world a much smaller place.

Now, the Chinese are building warships and routinely sailing in the Indian Ocean and they're building airfields in Tibet for fighter aircraft. India too is building warships and is using its satellites to spy on the Chinese.

This can cause a great deal of mutual suspicions and mistrust, Kaplan said.

The Chinese are mimicking what the U.S. did in the 19th and 20th centuries in the Western Hemisphere. The U.S. made the Caribbean its own lake and controlled the Panama Canal -- the passage between the Atlantic and Pacific.

In China's case, officials look at the East and South China seas -- and increasingly the Indian Ocean -- as part of their strategic sphere of influence. In other words, it's their Caribbean.

For now, it isn't in their interest to attack the U.S. because their military is not as strong as the U.S. and they can take their time building it up and gaining experience in using new military technologies, he said. Also, Kaplan doesn't believe the Chinese are in meetings planning a world empire.

The problem for the U.S. with regard to China, he said, is that China will face internal instability over the coming decades because of an economic slowdown and tumultuous ethnic and social transformation.

When that occurs, the best way for China's leaders to hold sway over their people will be to dial up nationalism, he said. That nationalism would take the form of provocations to its neighbors.


With respect to Russia, Kaplan said it too is acting in the same way the U.S. has in the past, dominating countries close to it like Ukraine, which he said the Russian people consider part of their heritage.

Throughout history, the Russians have felt the need for a buffer zone between their country and Europe, especially since it was periodically invaded by the French, Germans and others. America, he said, has been insulated from that threat by two oceans.

Russia's need for buffers has not gone unnoticed by its eastern European neighbors, who are becoming increasingly uneasy, as Russia has proved willing to use force in Crimea and as it builds up its military forces elsewhere, he said.

Poles, Romanians and others are not reassured that they'll get military assistance if needed from Western Europe, whose armies have been downsized much more than U.S. Army, he said. As well, Europe has become dependent on Russia for its energy needs, so this gives the Russians a great deal of leverage.

Because of Eastern Europe's mistrust of getting help from the rest of Europe, Kaplan said they've turned increasingly to the U.S. for help, participating in U.S.-led exercises and contributing troops in Iraq and Afghanistan with the hope that in the future, the U.S. will remember their loyalties.


So what can America do in the coming decades?

Besides maintaining a strong military, Kaplan said the U.S. can partner with other powers, India and Japan, for instance.

India views the U.S. presence in the Indian Ocean, for example, as a counter to China's buildup. And in turn, he said, the U.S. values India's military, although there isn't a formal treaty like NATO in place.

The other thing the U.S. can do, he said, is to organize its interagency structure in a more vertical manner, like the British did in the 19th century and earlier with its East India Company. Economic, political and military agencies worked hand-in-hand in foreign policy, although today that policy would be viewed as imperialistic.

The U.S. military can use the vertical model to its benefit in national security by working more closely with the Department of State and agencies like the U.S. Agency for International Development.

An important area of national security where Kaplan sees the U.S. going in the right direction is the continued development of its home-grown energy requirements, which makes America less reliant on energy imports from places not always friendly to the U.S.

Besides his work for Stratfor, Kaplan, is a national correspondent for the magazine "The Atlantic," author of "Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and End of a Stable Pacific," and in 2011 and 2012, he was chosen by "Foreign Policy" magazine as one of the world's "Top 100 Global Thinkers."

The 25th Annual Strategy Conference in Carlisle ran April 8-10.

Army War College educates FA 59 Army Strategists

13 new grads from 14-week course

April 11, 2014 – Thirteen officers became the Army’s newest strategic experts, able to contribute immediately in their next assignment, having graduated from the 14-week long Basic Strategic Art Program at the Army War College today.

Successful completion of BSAP awards the functional area 59, Strategist, typically to field grade officers. This most recent class consisted of one lieutenant colonel, 10 majors and two captains, and included officers from the active component, National Guard and Army Reserve.

 “I need you to own ‘59’,” said Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, Army War College Commandant who gave the keynote address at graduation. The Chief of Staff of the Army has his eyes on this proponency and recognizes your value, said Cucolo.

We need 59’s with moral courage, who can say what must be said, even if it requires more work. This means operating with a certain degree of professional risk, said Cucolo.

The Army War College sponsors the Functional Area 59 course for field grade officers. Lt. Col. Mike Shekleton, course director said the course is offered three times a year with the ability to graduate 48 officers each year.

BSAP serves as the foundational education that allows FA 59 officers to serve successfully throughout the Army and Joint Force from Division through Combatant Command.  The program consists of seminar discussions, guest speaker events, staff rides, and a capstone planning exercise. 

International USAWC Alumni converge  for Peace & Security Course

Alumni request: Create alumni forum to engage among War College faculty, current students, and alumni

The International Alumni Peace and Security Course took place April 7-11 at the Army War College.  This pilot seminar week gathered prominent military leaders in seven countries whose graduates of the Army War College are in position of authority and responsibility within the nation and within the international security structures.

The goal of the week was to offer an educational event for the alumni,  to provide their perspectives to The War College leadership and to learn from them about continued improvement of professional military education.  

The international alumni included Brazil’s Maj. Gen. Joarez Ales Pereira Jr., Colombian Maj. Gen. Javier Fernandez-Leal, German Col. Klaus Finck, Italy’s Brig. Gen. Pietro Tornabene, Norwegian Maj. Gen. Kristin Lund, Pakistan’s retired Lt. Gen. Raza Khan as well as Maj. Gen. Isfandiyar Patudi, and the United Kingdom’s Brig. Gen. Ian Rigden.

The International Alumni Peace and Security Course was designed to leverage the insights and experiences of our international graduates and to strengthen their connections to USAWC.

It was a big success, according to Dr. Lance Betros.  "The alumni said repeatedly that their year at USAWC was one of the defining experiences of their military careers.  They clearly value their association with this great institution and want very much to continue the relationship."

The most oft-cited recommendation offered by the international alumni was to  create an alumni network that allows interactive engagement among themselves and with USAWC faculty and students, said Betros, who noted that the task is included in the academic campaign plan. The College is already working to implement the recommendation.

The multilayered course included special sessions in the Center for Strategic Leadership and Development.  Maj. Gen. Fernandez, director of the Colombian War College, led a discussion about the Profession of Arms, and commonalities across regions and cultures.  Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo and Dr. Lance Betros shared their insights as The War College commandant and provost, respectively, about the role of senior professional military educators in preparing the strategic leaders who will meet future challenges.

International alumni refreshed friendships at social, academic, and workshop events throughout the week.

The schedule included Army Leader Day, as an opportunity to engage with students of the Class of 2014 and their faculty in discussions inspired by the keynote speaker of Army Leader Day, Under Secretary of the Army Brad Carson. Carson’s challenge to students and alumni alike was to ask if the military culture run counter to the innovation in thinking, structuring and operations that will be required to balance security obligations and budget realities.

For two and half days, the international alumni took part in The Strategy Conference, April 8-10, which addressed shared issues of defining the nature of emergent threats and assessing force structure options for joint and multinational security cooperation and operations in a period of reduced defense budgets.  The grads joined the current student body and guests from policy, academic and military communities for the expert commentary during ‘Balancing the Joint Force to meet future security challenges,” the 25thannual Strategy Conference of the Army War College. Brig Ian Rigden participated as a panelist discussing defense and military challenges through 2020; in this role, Rigden represented the Development, Concepts, and Doctrine Centre of the U.K. Ministry of Defense.

Commandant Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, host for the International Alumni pilot course, closed the week with an exclusive after-action review session.

By Amanda Kraus Rodriguez, U.S. Army Installation Management Command
IMCOM welcomes new commander

Army Lt. Gen. David D. Halverson (left) accepts the colors from Army Gen. John F. Campbell (center), Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, and assumes duties as commanding general of the U.S. Army Installation Management Command and Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management as outgoing IMCOM commander Lt. Gen. Mike Ferriter (right) looks on during a change of command ceremony at Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston's MacArthur Parade Field Tuesday.USAF Photo by Joel Martinez


SAN ANTONIO (April 8, 2014)  --  Lt. Gen. David Halverson took commandof the U.S. Army Installation Management Command from Lt. Gen. Michael Ferriter during a ceremony on MacArthur Parade Field, Joint Base San Antonio -- Fort Sam Houston.

Halverson, who also took over as the Army's Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management, came to IMCOM from the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, where he served as deputy commanding general for almost two years.

"When we go to war, it is IMCOM that stays home and takes care of our families," said U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff Gen. John Campbell, who presided over the ceremony.  "So, we put our best and brightest to that task.  I have full faith in this new team," Campbell said, congratulating Lt. Gen. Halverson on his accomplishments and ability to carry on, facing the challenges of today's Army.

The ceremony was attended by JBSA senior leaders, civic partners from the City of San Antonio and IMCOM region and garrison command teams, headquarters staff, employees and families. 

In his first address as ACSIM and IMCOM commanding general, Halverson expressed gratitude for his family and the opportunity to lead IMCOM.  Halverson pledged to continue unwavering in the service of Soldiers and families.

"Karen and I are so pleased and proud to be here today," Halverson said.  "We're excited to continue to serve.  To Mike and Margie[Lt. Gen. and Mrs. Ferriter], I would like to especially thank you both for your hard work.  IMCOM and ACSIM set the conditions of Army success." 

Halverson concluded his remarks by saying that both he and his wife, Karen would put every effort into ensuring the continued success of the command and looked forward most to getting to know the team.

A West Point graduate, Halverson served tours of duty in both Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom. Prior to joining TRADOC, he served as the commanding general of the U.S. Army Fires Center of Excellence and Fort Sill, Okla.

Campbell said that as a long time friend and battle buddy of both incoming and outgoing general officers, he was especially glad to preside.  He commended Ferriter for his tireless efforts in support of the Army family.

"I've known Mike Ferriter for 30 years.  Mike Ferriter's accomplishments reflect his will and his work.  Under his leadership, IMCOM has excelled," said Campbell.  The Army Vice Chief of Staff sited Ferriter's many accomplishments in support of Army communities, such as Gold Star recognition and survivor support, instituting a culture of fitness, defining IMCOM's roles in readiness and resilience and above all team building.  "Mike is a team player, who builds cohesion and, as he so often remarks, always plays with his cards out." 

Ferriter served as both the ACSIM and IMCOM commander since November 2011.  Under his leadership, IMCOM successfully navigated through many challenges, such as sequestration and government shutdown. He worked to raise awareness of critical issues affecting Soldiers, families and civilians. Under his command, IMCOM improved Child Development Center processes, broadened access to services for Gold Star families -- survivors of the fallen -- and helped define Army Readiness & Resilience through more than 150 programs and services.

"IMCOM has global reach," said Ferriter, at the ceremony.  "Two thirds of the world is covered by water and the other third is covered by IMCOM."

Drawing attention to the impact that the command has on Army mission success, Ferriter recalled his proudest work – honoring survivors.

 "Somewhere in the Army today is a two-year-old whose father or mother was killed in combat," he said. "[Caring for him] - that's what it's all about."

Ferriter intends to retire this year. The ceremony is scheduled to take place at Fort Benning with his bride, Margie and a host of family and friends attending.

Ferriter had special words of thanks for the Gold Star families in attendance and for their courage to tell their stories for a series of public service announcements.  He recognized his family including his father, now deceased who entered the Army as a private, fought during WWII and raised a "great Army family"; his brother, John Ferriter, for his inspiration and his wife.  

"Margie, I couldn't have done this without you," Ferriter said.  Lastly to the men and women of Installation Management Command he gave one last order, "Do your best and never, never, never quit."

Want to become an International Fellow sponsor?

The International Fellows Program is accepting new Sponsors for the AY 15 class

If you enjoy helping others, while building  everlasting International relationships, please fill out the application below to become a Sponsor!

After you have filled out the application, one member of your household must attend one Sponsor briefing, but all are welcome.

Dates for the upcoming Sponsor Briefings:

April 9 - 7 p.m.

April 16 noon – 2 p.m.

All three briefings will be held in Wil Washcoe Auditorium, Root Hall.

For more information call 245-3937.

1st Deputy Commandant/ Reserve Affairs: BG Carol Eggert works for Total Force

She is both the Assistant Adjutant General for the Pennsylvania Army National Guard and the Deputy Commandant for the Army War College for Reserve Affairs.   Her experience as leader, educator, and advisor throughout both civilian and military careers, led her to the new position at this point in time.

“I look forward to assisting Maj. Gen. Cucolo in any way I can,” said Eggert.  “This is a new position because MG Cucolo saw the need for a Guard/ Reserve perspective as part of the total force, in terms of curriculum and policy.  My role is to contribute at the strategic level, for example to identify the requirements of the National Guard and Reserve that can be met by the US Army War College.”

Eggert’s first action was to meet with key leaders here to shape her roles and responsibilities in order to most effectively advise leadership and assist The War College.  Immediately, she recognized new opportunities to strengthen important relationships, for example, opening to senior military leaders in Pennsylvania the opportunity to join in senior DoD leaders’ exchanges with USAWC students; and inviting Reserve Component partners of countries whose leaders will be inducted into the International Fellows Hall of Fame, and making efforts to ensure key billets supported by the National Guard Bureau are resourced and staffed.

“I am very excited to be part of this great institution and contribute to the cooperation and understanding of the Total Force,” said Eggert.

Army War College ties are strong

Brig. Gen. Carol Eggert was promoted to general officer by Maj. Gen. Wesley Craig, Pennsylvania Adjutant General in August 2012.  The promotion brought to an end her assignment here as a faculty member.  Until now.

She starts the new position with knowledge and appreciation of the mission, students, and faculty.  Eggert served for almost two years on faculty in the department of Military Strategy, Plans and Operations.  A core curriculum faculty member, she taught Defense Support to Civilian Authorities, and the Joint Warfighting Advanced Studies Program, as well as supporting  the Geographic Combatant Commands in special educational projects.  

Eggert’s contributions to a new formalized assessment program within DMSPO led the School’s dean, then, Dr. Bill Johnsen, to tap her skills to develop the oral comprehensive exams program for the School.  The fit was right. In her civilian career, Eggert is an executive consultant in strategic planning and project management.

She has applied her expertise in instructional design to assessments and developments for the US government and corporations like ComCast and Dupont.  The project team included Col. Dave Dworak, Col. Steve Sobotta, Col. Rob Nye, and Prof. Bill Lord who were asked to explore whether an oral comprehensive exam would be a way to assess the totality of the learning – in addition to the individual assessments in each core course.  After a pilot program last year, the Class of 2014 will be evaluated formally through ‘oral comps’.

Military career

In her primary position as Pennsylvania’s Assistant Adjutant General, Eggert is responsible for overseeing the readiness of the Pa. National Guard and for advising and assisting Pennsylvania’s Adjutant General in the manning, training and logistical support required to accomplish the federal and state missions of the Pennsylvania National Guard.

Eggert’s military career began with 10 enlisted years. Starting in the Women’s Army Corps, she was engaged in that generation’s integration of military women.

Eggert appreciates her new position, she said, because it comes with the ability to put programs and processes in place to help Soldiers reach their potential. “It’s rewarding to look for ways to improve things. We’re in a unique position as general officers. People talk to us, but only if we ask,” she added.

Commissioned in 1985 through the Officer Candidate School, Eggert has served in a wide variety of field assignments, including battalion command and overseas deployments to Germany, Italy, Nicaragua and Lithuania. She has served during numerous state emergencies as the military liaison to the Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency. Prior to her tour with the Army War College, she completed a 15-month deployment in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom serving as the Multi-National Corps Liaison to the US Embassy Baghdad and in the J9, US Forces-Iraq, responsible for integrating the women’s programs of the Department of State, Iraqi Ministry, and US Forces-Iraq.

Eggert was awarded the Purple Heart for an injury suffered from a roadside explosive. She credits her faculty colleagues at the Army War College for helping her deal with traumatic brain injury.

She tells a story, with a laugh, about a veteran who glanced at the ribbons on her uniform and expressed surprise at the Purple Heart. Expecting a comment from the older generation about military women and combat awards, she learned she was wrong. Instead, he explained his surprise when he said,  “A colonel to receive a Purple Heart -- don’t see that too often.”






DOD Must Meet New Challenges With Smaller Force, Fox Says

By Amaani Lyle
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, April 7, 2014 – The Defense Department’s fiscal year 2015 budget request recognizes that the U.S. military must meet homeland and global objectives with a pared-down force, acting Deputy Defense Secretary Christine H. Fox said  at the Army War College in Carlisle Barracks, Pa.

“The budget is based on strategic imperatives and recognizes a time of continued transition and uncertainty for the U.S. military in terms of its roles, missions and the available resources,” Fox said. “The last decade has been dominated by protracted land wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, … but now our focus has to move to preparing to counter a variety of security threats and embracing opportunities on all points of the compass.”

The decision to maintain the U.S. technological edge at the expense of size was based not only on stark lessons of history, Fox said, but also on rigorous analysis.

Acting Deputy Defense Secretary Christine Fox addresses the defense budget and leadership challenges in her remarks to the students of the Army War College at Carlisle.

“Past major drawdowns -- World War II, Korea, Vietnam and the Cold War -- all kept more force structure in the military than could be adequately trained, maintained and equipped given the defense budgets at that time,” she said. This, she explained, forced the U.S. military at those times in history to disproportionately cut into accounts that fund readiness and modernization, which created a hollow force.

To determine the size of the forces needed, Fox said, officials used two critically important inputs: existing operational plans and the global force management allocation plan that provided an estimate of steady-state requirements for U.S. forces to support the day-to-day needs of combatant commanders.

“This analysis showed that for the active Army, a force size of 440,000 to 450,000 was adequate to meet these demands when accompanied by a reserve force of 195,000 and a [National] Guard of 335,000.”

Together, Fox added, this force of 980,000 soldiers would meet the priorities specified in the strategy as laid out in the Quadrennial Defense Review, which ultimately means that after years of growing the Army, the time has come to shrink it.

Responding to student question, Fox emphasized 3 themes: DoD commitment to prepare for strategic challenges;  the alignment of the proposed DoD budget with strategic realities; and the expectation that War College graduates will apply creativity and the lessons of the past to reshape the military forces the nation will need.

“[The current] Army has born the burden of battle in Iraq and Afghanistan, and it’s a bitter pill to be rewarded in this way,” Fox said. “We have no choice but to get smaller for all of the services.”

Still, Fox noted, the opportunities for the future U.S. forces will be endless. “There are tremendous opportunities for Army to contribute in securing the gains in Afghanistan, keeping the peace in Korea, engaging in Africa, or delivering humanitarian relief to countless nations,” she said.

The specific tenets of the president’s strategic defense guidance weighed heavily in DOD budget request choices, Fox explained, include shifting operational focus and forces to the Asia-Pacific region while sustaining commitments to key allies in the Middle East and elsewhere.

Fox also underscored the concurrent need to be able to defeat a major adversary in one part of the world while denying victory to an opportunistic adversary elsewhere and reducing the force planning requirement to conduct large, prolonged counterinsurgency and stability operations.

DOD also will aggressively pursue terrorist networks and counter weapons proliferation while enhancing cyberspace and missile defense capabilities and maintaining a smaller but credible nuclear deterrent, the acting deputy secretary said.

When the Deputy Secretary of Defense spoke to the Class of 2014 at the Army War College, she received as many questions from international members of the class as from the US students about the implications for landforces, regional commitments, the strategic rebalance to the Pacific, force readiness , the future for military compensation plans and healthcare benefits, the tempo and degree of drawdown and the challenge of nondeployable personnel.

“The world has gotten no less dangerous, no less turbulent or in need of American leadership,” Fox said. “And unlike previous drawdowns, there is no obvious peace dividend as there has been in the past, such as at the end of the Cold War.”

At the same time, Fox said, there is a strong possibility in fiscal year 2016 that national defense resources may not reach the levels envisioned to fully support the president’s strategy.

While Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel had no choice but to prepare for the current austere budget environment, Fox said, the president’s fiscal 2015 budget request provides $115 billion more over the next five years than sequester-level funding. Meanwhile, current law requires sequester-level spending cuts to resume in fiscal 2016.

“This budget plan and the associated proposals provide a sustainable path toward shaping a balanced force, a force able to protect the nation and fulfill the president’s defense strategy, albeit it with some additional risk,” Fox said. “Attempting to retain a larger force in the face of potential sequester-level cuts would create a decade-long readiness and modernization holiday on top of the program cancellations and delays that we’ve already had to make.”

Going forward, Fox said, DOD must figure out a way to institutionalize the lessons from the past 13 years knowing that the desire of the nation is to move away from these wars.

“The Army cannot turn into a large garrison force waiting for the next land war,” Fox said. “There is just too much to do in the world, and we need clever ideas on how to be everywhere, do everything with fewer forces across the entire joint force.”

The challenge persists to regrow and reshape the Army into the future, Fox said.

“We must determine what we need to retain in the smaller force to allow you to get to a larger force quickly if necessary when needed in the future,” she added.

Under Secretary of the Army focuses Leader Day discussions at the Army War College

April 8, 2014 -- In his first public presentation as Under Secretary of the Army, Brad R. Carson spoke to Army War College students about seeing the Army's future in a different way at Bliss Hall April 8 as part of Army Leader Day. 

Sworn in less than two weeks ago, Carson's discourse demonstrated that he was already deep into analyzing fiscal constraints against the Army's future missions. Focusing on the future, he said what we need more of today is creativity, and asked the students to consider, "Does our culture run counter to innovation and creativity?" He urged the military's next senior leaders to think about how the future will develop.

Through an exhaustive by-the-numbers review of the Army, Carson guided the students to confront the magnitude of the Army's people, organizations, weapon systems, and costs, and to think differently about what they considered to be the core Army competencies and to focus on the Army's obligation to its "customers."  


Under Secretary of the Army Brad Carson addressed the students of the Army War College as the keynote speaker of Army Leader Day, April 8, in memory of  General Glenn K. Otis, who served as Commander, TRADOC, and Commander-in-Chief, US Army Europe; he was a longtime friend of the Army War College. [photo credit Charity Murtoff]

For example, he told the story of Polaroid. The company developed digital photography at a standard that far outpaced the competition but didn't pursue the new business, thinking that it was not the company's core competency.  Carson urged leaders in the class to avoid the competency trap.

The combat power in the Army is a great deterrent, he noted, but that the Army must be more engaged in strategic discussions. 

Carson recommended that Army leaders talk about solutions, seek improvement, and "protect and promote those with ideas."

Carson previously served as the Army's 20th General Counsel: legal advisor to the Secretary of the Army and Chief Legal Officer for the U.S. Army. In 2000, Mr. Carson represented the 2nd District of Oklahoma in the United States House of Representatives. After leaving office in 2004, he was a fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and, later, Chief Executive Officer of Cherokee Nation Businesses, L.L.C. From 2009 to 2010, Mr. Carson served on active military duty as a United States Navy officer deployed to Iraq, embedded with the United States Army's 84th Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Battalion. Mr. Carson was awarded the Bronze Star for his service as an intelligence officer working with EOD teams.

Class of 2015 reminder: Time to apply for post housing

The first deadline is quickly approaching for those who you are interested in living in family homes on post.

The initial cut-off date for submitting your application is 11 April 2014.

AY15 students who apply by April 11 for the initial Student Billeting will be notified of their on-post home assignment by April 18. On-post homes are still available, but families are urged not to wait.

Efforts to have the initial housing assignments made in April are designed to give you and your families sufficient time to coordinate your travel plans, transportation, school information, vacations and more, according to the BBC management.

Students who miss the initial deadline of April 11 will still have opportunities to apply and be assigned homes with Balfour Beatty Communities, the military's housing partner at Carlisle Barracks.

Balfour Beatty Communities will continue after April 11 to accept AY15 Students applications for on-post housing desires until all 152 homes are filled -- and, potentially, more.

The entry point to apply for on-post home assignment is the Pre-Arrival Processing (PAP) portal, found by entering the Class of 2015 site at  Under Pre-Arrival Processing, you can enter the PAP and find the housing application in Section 2.

Discover details about homes at Carlisle Barracks on the Balfour Beatty Communities website at  Or, call to speak with a BBC resident specialist at 717.243.7177.

The Great Decisions 2014 Lecture Series featured notable speakers and topics
  • All Great Decisions lectures are free and open to the USAWC community and the public at the Army Heritage and Education Center, 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle, Pa.
  • Faculty of the Army War College, Dickinson College and Penn State Dickinson School of Law will share knowledge, and take questions about key topics selected by the Foreign Policy Association’s Great Decisions 2014 program.
  • The USAWC Great Decisions 2014 Lecture Series is sponsored by the Carlisle Chapter of the Association of the U.S. Army (AUSA).
  • All lectures will be available a week later at
  • For weather-related decisions, call 717-245-3700 or go to:
 Friday, Jan. 24, 1-3 p.m. -- To view this lecture on youtube, go to:                                                                                                                                                

Speaker:  Ret. Col. Robert Hervey

Turkey’s Challenges

Turkey: a nation at a crossroads, a bridge over an ever-growing chasm between the East and West. Turkey’s first Prime Minister Kemal Ataturk envisioned a modern, democratic nation-state built on the ashes of the Ottoman Empire with strong ties to Europe, not the Middle East. But as the clashes between secular and religious groups the soul of Turkey is still very much up for grabs.




 Friday, Jan. 31, 1-3 p.m. --To view this lecture on youtube, go to:

Speaker: Dr. Michael Fratantuono, professor, Dickinson College
Food and Climate

Even as a sixth of the world’s population suffers from chronic hunger, a changing climate threatens to wreak havoc on already insecure and vulnerable populations. As food and water become scarce and once fertile land becomes barren, the U.S. finds itself faced with new challenges in securing the globe. The U.S. is getting ready, but can it lead the way to climate reform??

Friday, Feb. 7, 1-3 p.m. -- To view this lecture on youtube, go to:
Speaker: Retired Col. Jef Troxell, professor, U. S. Army War College

U.S. Trade Policy

America’s foreign policy tools are not limited to sanctions, treaties or military campaigns – they also include the sales pitch. The logic behind this pitch, or “economic statecraft,” is simple: promote the benefits of democracy and the free market. In so doing, the U.S. will gain valuable and stable partners, both in business and in diplomacy. Now, as China and other emerging nations battle the U.S. for global influence, Secretary Kerry will take the reigns as a free market matchmaker.


 Friday, Feb. 21, 1-3 p.m. -- To view this lecture on youtube go to:

Speaker: Dr. David Lai, researcher, USAWC Strategic Studies Institute

China’s Foreign Policy

China has gone to great lengths to emphasize the “peaceful” nature of its meteoric rise. Yet, few dispute that China is the dominant regional power in Asia – and in recent years, Beijing began to flex its muscles regionally in order to advance its strategic interests. What does the rapid rise of this new superpower mean for other countries in the region, and are there potential points of conflict with the U.S. as it “pivots” to Asia?




 Friday, Feb. 28, 1-3 p.m. --To view this lecture on youtube, go to:

Speaker: Retired Brig. Gen. Kenneth D. Chrosniak, staff, U.S. Army War College

Defense Technology

From robotic planes to cyber weapons to 3D printing and human enhancement, new “game-changing” technologies are moving from science fiction to battlefield reality – all during an age of fiscal austerity. But in wrestling with the new, we can actually learn a great deal from the past. Our forebears went through similar challenges with such once fanciful but now normal concepts as airplanes, submarines, and tanks. What are the “killer applications” of the 21st century battlefield, and in turn, what are the issues that the U.S. must navigate in adapting to them?




Friday, March 14, 1-3 p.m. --To view this lecture on youtube, go to:

Speaker: Dr. Christopher J. Bolan, professor, U.S. Army War College

Israel and the U.S.

Modern Israel’s struggles with the Palestinians have turned what was meant as a safe haven for Jews into the center of a decades-long conflict. The U.S. has stepped in as Israel’s ally due to the two countries’ shared values, providing years of unparalleled military and diplomatic support. But now those ties are being tested. The Arab Spring, Iran’s nuclear ambitions, failed peace talks, and Israel’s own decision to give Washington the cold shoulder have put new strains on the 65-year-old “special relationship.”

Friday, March 21, 1-3 p.m.  To view this lecture on youtube, go to:
Speaker: Dr. Flynt Leverett, professor, Penn State Dickinson School of Law

Energy Independence

Energy independence, by taking the bargaining chip of oil dependence off the table, would be good for American foreign policy. But the very technological advances that make independence possible have created a dilemma for lawmakers. In a government with fixed resources, should the U.S. encourage more traditional fuel production or invest in the young technology of renewable resources?

Friday, March 28, 1-3 p.m. To view this lecture on youtube, go to:
Speaker: Dr. Larry P. Goodson, professor, U.S. Army War College

Islamic Awakening

The aftermath of the Arab Spring has resulted in unforeseen changes in the political landscape in many countries, especially regarding the role of Islam and democracy. How have the countries in the Maghreb reacted, including Tunisia, where the Arab Spring began? Is U.S. foreign policy adapting successfully to all of the changes in the region?





April marks 28th Annual Alcohol Awareness Month

Alcohol Awareness Month kicks off in April and this year’s theme: ”Help for Today, Hope for Tomorrow.”

The aim of Alcohol Awareness Month is to increase public awareness and understanding, reduce stigma and encourage local communities to focus on alcoholism and alcohol-related issues.  

During this month, take time to educate yourself and your loved ones about the dangers of alcohol misuse. If you have questions or concerns about alcohol's impact on your health, safety, work performance, and relationships with people you care about, it is time to get some answers.                    

Signs and Symptoms

If you are wondering if you have a problem with alcohol or are worried about how a family member, friend, and/or co-worker might be abusing alcohol, then you are taking the right steps.

Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse:

Experts make a distinction between alcohol abuse and alcoholism (also called alcohol dependence). Unlike alcoholism, alcohol abusers have some ability to set limits on their drinking. However, their alcohol use is still self-destructive and dangerous to themselves, can progress into alcoholism, and therefore they need help.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse include:

Alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that results in harm to one’s health, interpersonal relationships, or ability to work including:

  • Repeatedly Neglecting Responsibilities:Because of drinking, repeatedly neglecting responsibilities at home, work, or school. For example, neglecting the children, performing poorly at work, poor or failing grades in school, or skipping out on work, school, personal or social commitments because you’re hung over.
  • Alcohol Use in Dangerous Situations:The use of alcohol in situations where it can be physically dangerous, such as drinking and driving, drinking in a bad neighborhood, mixing alcohol with prescription medication against the advice of your doctor or operating machinery while drinking.
  • Legal Problems Due to Drinking:If, due to drinking, you are experiencing repeated legal problems. For example, getting arrested for fights, drunk and disorderly conduct, domestic disputes, driving under the influence.
  • Continued Drinking Despite Relationship Problems:Alcohol is causing or making problems worse in your relationships with your friends, family or spouse, and you continue to drink. For example, fighting with your family because they don’t like how you act when you drink or going out and drinking with your buddies even though you know your wife will be very upset.
  • Drinking to De-Stress:Many drinking problems start when people use alcohol to relieve stress. Because alcohol is a sedative drug, over time, you will need more alcohol to have the same effect. Getting drunk more often after a very stressful day, for example, or reaching for a bottle after you have an argument with boss, a friend or your spouse more frequently.

What is the difference between alcoholism and alcohol abuse?
Not all alcohol abusers develop alcohol dependence or alcoholism, but it is a major risk factor. Sometimes alcoholism develops suddenly in response to a genetic predisposition from a family history of alcoholism or due to a stressful change, such as a breakup, retirement, or another loss. Other times, it gradually creeps up on you as your tolerance to alcohol increases. If a person is a binge drinker or drinks every day, the risks of developing alcoholism are even greater.

NCADD Self-Test: What Are the Signs of Alcoholismcan be found under resources listed below.

Are you concerned about the role alcohol plays in your life? With 26 questions, this simple self-test is intended to help you determine if you or someone you know needs to find out more about alcoholism. This test specifically does not include drug use. To take a self-test focused specifically on drug use, take the Drug Abuse Screening Test.

Signs and symptoms of alcoholism:

Alcoholism involves all the symptoms of alcohol abuse, but also involves another element: physical dependence- tolerance and withdrawal.

1. Tolerance:

Tolerance means that, over time, you need more alcohol to feel the same effect. Do you drink more than you used to? Do you drink more than other people without showing obvious signs of intoxication?

2. Withdrawal:

As the effect of the alcohol wears off you may experience withdrawal symptoms: anxiety or jumpiness; shakiness or trembling; sweating, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, depression, irritability, fatigue or loss of appetite and headaches. Do you drink to steady the nerves, stop the shakes in the morning? Drinking to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms is a sign of alcoholism and addiction.

In severe cases, withdrawal from alcohol can be life-threatening and involve hallucinations, confusion, seizures, fever, and agitation. These symptoms can be dangerous and should be managed by a physician specifically trained and experienced in dealing with alcoholism and addiction.

3. Loss of Control:

Drinking more than you wanted to, for longer than you intended, or despite telling yourself that you wouldn’t do it this time.

4. Desire to Stop- But Can’t:

You have a persistent desire to cut down or stop your alcohol use, but all efforts to stop and stay stopped, have been unsuccessful.

5. Neglecting Other Activities:

You are spending less time on activities that used to be important to you (hanging out with family and friends, exercising- going to the gym, pursuing your hobbies or other interests) because of the use of alcohol.

6. Alcohol Takes Up Greater Time, Energy and Focus:

You spend a lot of time drinking, thinking about it, or recovering from its effects. You have few, if any, interests, or social/community involvement, that don’t revolve around the use of alcohol.

7. Continued Use Despite Negative Consequences:

You drink even though you know it’s causing problems. As an example, you realize that your alcohol use is interfering with your ability to do your job, is damaging your marriage, making your problems worse, or causing health problems, yet you continue to drink.

If You Are A Friend or Family Member:

Visit For Family and Friendsfor information and resources including a self-test to better understand how you have been affected, and find out if you may need help.

If you are concerned about your own use of alcohol or drugs, Get Helpor Find an Affiliatenear you. If you are concerned about a member of your family or friend, For Family or Friends. Or, if you desire Learn About Drugs.

Alcohol and the Workplace

Out of the millions who hold full time employment in the United States, close to fifteen million are heavy drinkers of alcohol exacting a high cost on work organizations, as employees who drink heavily are often absent from work, suffer from multiple health problems, and are at a greater risk of harming themselves and others.

In the workplace, the impact of alcoholism focuses on four major issues:

  • Premature death/fatal accidents
  • Injuries/accident rates
  • Absenteeism/extra sick leave
  • Loss of production

Additional problem areas can include:

  • Tardiness/sleeping on the job
  • Theft
  • Poor decision making
  • Loss of efficiency
  • Lower morale of co-workers
  • Increased likelihood of having trouble with co-workers/supervisors or tasks
  • Higher turnover
  • Training of new employees
  • Disciplinary procedures

While alcoholism can affect any industry and any organization, big or small, workplace alcoholism is especially prevalent in these particular industries:

  • Food service
  • Construction
  • Mining and Drilling
  • Excavation
  • Installation, maintenance and repair

Two specific kinds of drinking behavior significantly contribute to the level of work-performance problems: drinking right before or during working hours (including drinking at lunch and at company functions), and heavy drinking the night before that causes hangovers during work the next day.

And it isn’t just alcoholics who can generate problems in the workplace. Research has shown that the majority of alcohol-related work-performance problems are associated with non-dependent drinkers who may occasionally drink too much -- not exclusively the alcohol-dependent employees. In addition, family members living with someone’s alcoholism also suffer significant job performance related problems- including poor job performance, lack of focus, absenteeism, increased health-related problems and use of health insurance.

Prevention Resources


  1. Military mental health.orgprovides a free online anonymous alcohol assessment National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. (NCADD) provides an educational brochure on indentifying alcohol poisoning and how to react in a medical emergency
  2. Military referrals.orgprovides a detailed listing of military referrals and various resources of where to turn for help and support
  3. Army Center for Substance Abuse Programs provides a digital version of the Alcohol brochure. The brochure identifies binge drinking and responsible drinking
  4. Army Center for Substance Abuse Programs provides a Microsoft PowerPoint Slide Presentation and a Lesson Plan in Microsoft Word. The brochure identifies binge drinking and responsible drinking














Army & Air Force Exchange Service Public Affairs
NEWS RELEASE: 14-025       April 4, 2014
Exchange Warns Shoppers About Used-Vehicle Scams  
DALLAS – The Army & Exchange Service is warning military shoppers about scammers posing as service members offering to broker the sale of used boats, cars and motorcycles through the Exchange. 
In one recent case, a scammer, who posed as a Soldier, tried to defraud a man in Tennessee out of $2,500 for the sale of a used boat, saying that the Exchange would ship the boat once payment was made. Fortunately, the would-be buyer contacted the Fort Campbell Exchange and was advised that any ads related to used-vehicle sales are fraudulent as the Exchange does not have authority to sell vehicles in the continental United States.
“I’m glad this individual contacted us prior to wiring any funds because it has been our experience that once money is sent, no vehicle is received and the ‘seller’ is nowhere to be found,” said Rick Koloski, the Exchange’s Loss Prevention vice president.
“In the past, we’ve been aware of cases where these scammers have used the Exchange trademarked logo and name to purportedly sell used motorcycles and cars in the United States,” Koloski said. “Now, they have branched out into boats. We have received a steady flow of calls from people who have been wrongly informed they are waiting on a motor vehicle from the Exchange.”
The Exchange is authorized to sell new cars and motorcycles, but only overseas. Exchange facilities are located solely on military installations. While the Exchange does have mail order and Internet offerings, the Exchange does not advertise in civilian outlets such as metropolitan newspapers or automobile sales magazines. All advertisements for legitimate Exchange offerings are published in outlets whose audiences mostly comprise military members.

Kids Fun Fair slated for April 12

Come celebrate Spring and have fun while learning more about how to keep you and your children safe during the first ever “Kids Fun Fair” April 12 from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. in front of the Moore Child Development Center on Fletcher Drive. 

Aimed at kids from infants to 18 years old, the fair will feature games, face painting, a bounce house, arts and crafts, food and more in addition to the annual Easter Egg hunt (for ages 1-12).

One of the highlights for this event is the “Passport to Carlisle,” which will feature fun activities and games  by representatives from on-post organizations like the fire station, Army Wellness Center, Outdoor Recreation and Army Community Services. The games are designed to be fun while also helping kids learn more about safety, nutrition, substance abuse and cyber safety.

In addition, there will be performances by the Crones Tae Kwon Do School, Frank Hancock’s Kids Dance, the Dragon’s Way School of Kenpo, Rebel Heart Irish Dancing, and Boiling Springs Cheerleading.

It all kicks off at 9 a.m. with the Easter Egg hunt at the CDC, then the activities will open for kids.

Hosted by Army Community Services and MWR, the event being held in support of Child Abuse Prevention Month, Month of the Military Child and Sexual Assault Prevention month is to advocate for and educate military families on local wellbeing resources and child advocacy agencies, according to Kelly Villalobos, Family advocacy Program Manager, Sexual Assault Coordinator and Exceptional Family Member Program Manager.  

Thomas Zimmerman, Carlisle Barracks Public Affairs Officer

Carlisle Barracks youth programs operate with standards of excellence


(From L to R) Jacqueline Schultz, School Liaison Officer, Mel Irwin CYSS Director, Robert Suskie III, CYSS Instructional Programs Specialist, Meriah Swope, Middle School/Teen Program lead, Cynthia Burwell, CDC director and Yekatherina Castro, acting Youth Services director, are just a few of the friendly faces who make sure post youths are safe  and have a fun time while enjoying the multitude of programs at Carlisle Barracks.


Parents can be confident in knowing that the Youth Programs at Carlisle Barracks are one of the finest in the nation – it’s  backed up by a great deal of evidence.

The Child Development Center and Youth Services operations here have been inspected by the Army Audit Agency and the DA Inspector General’s office. Those audits reinforced, in great detail, what leaders here routinely learn through a tough and regular inspection program.

Four types of operational CDC and YS inspections happen annually:  an unannounced inspection by the Installation Management Command; an annual self-inspection; unannounced monthly inspections by military public health staff of both Dunham Army Health Clinic and the U.S. Army Public Health Command; and safety and fire inspections by Carlisle Barracks Fire Services personnel.

Additionally, they are subject to unannounced inspections by the National Association for the Education of Young Children.  The independent, non-DoD national organization re-accredits the CDC every 5 years, reviewing the hiring practices, curriculum and overall management of the centers.  The School-age care program is also currently undergoing the accreditation process by the Council on Accreditation. They have completed their self-study and will have an on-site assessment in May.

“Overall, we are scrutinized and doubly inspected, and our CYSS programs fare well in the scrutiny,” said Liz Knouse, who provides management oversight to the CYSS programs. 


Background checks, technology just a few of the tools to keep kids safe

An applicant to a CDC position must meet several background investigation requirements, and employment cannot start until favorable completion:

  • Verification of previous employment
  • Reference checks conducted as part of the application screening process, and documented in writing.  Reference checks are required for all categories of CYS Services personnel, to include employees, contractors, providers, volunteers, youth, etc.
  • Installation Record Checks will check multiple agency data bases:  the Medical Treatment Facility, Army Substance Abuse Program, Military Police, civilian law enforcement, any other record check as appropriate, and an additional DA Criminal Investigation Division check of the Defense Central Index of Investigations.
  • For employees and contractors, such as instructors, a Child Care National Agency Check with Inquiries is required.   The CNACI includes a state criminal history records search for the previous five years. 
  • Volunteers are required to undergo background checks as well and are always accompanied by a staff member when working.

In addition to the in-depth hiring process all Carlisle Barracks sites use video monitoring systems to ensure safety.

“Both the CDC and YS have cameras in every room so we can see exactly what is happening,” said Mel Irwin, CYSS director. “Each director monitors the video for a minimum of two hours per day and uses it not only as a safety measure, but a training tool as well.” The videos are kept for a minimum of 30 days and the equipment undergoes daily and weekly testing to ensure proper operation. 

Technology aside, Irwin said that the real key to the successful and safe programs here are because of the expert staff.

“We really are like a family and we work as a team to make sure our kids are taken care of and are able to learn and grow,” she said. “The staff here loves what they do and I think it shows.”  


Meet the CYSS staff


Melody Irwin, CYSS director

  • Served as the Carlisle Barracks CDC director from 1994-2010
  • Became the CYSS director in 2010
  • CYSS offers everything from the kids welcome jams to babysitter courses for teens on post; paintball activities and trips to Hershey Park, just to name a few
  • “I like the day-to-day interaction with all the children and youth and the staff and all their families. It is one of the best things about this job. The staff here is really great; we all pull together really nicely to form the CYSS team.


Cynthia Burwell, CDC director

  • Has worked in Army childcare since 1987
  • Started as a flex employee in 1995 here
  • Programs range from infant to Pre K
  • “Our staff really cares about the kids and it really shows. They are genuinely invested in them and we are proud to see them work their way up through the program and develop.”


Jacqueline Schultz, School Liaison Officer

  • Has worked in childcare since she was 18
  • Worked at Carlisle Barracks for 11 years, in charge of the Educators Reception held each year to honor local educators for their work with post youth
  • Serves as a conduit of school information and is the primary point of contact for public and private school matters
  •  “This is my family away from home. I appreciate that we all work together with Families and the staff to make the kids experience here fun.”


Robert Suskie III, Schools of Knowledge, Inspiration, Exploration and Skills program manager (SKIES)

  • Started here in 2006 as a summer hire
  • Program aimed for kids 5 and up, consists of classes designed to complement and support the experiences children and youth have in Army CYSS programs and school
  • Programs include art, guitar, piano lessons
  • “I took part in many of these types of programs as a kid, so it’s nice to be able to work to provide the same experience for the kids here at Carlisle Barracks.”


Meriah Swope, Middle School & Teens program lead


  • Has been at Carlisle Barracks since 2010
  • Became the lead in Oct. 2013
  • The Program, aimed at kids in 5ththrough 12th grades, offers a variety of cultural, recreational and physical activities to include lock-ins, trips and more
  • “I love working with middles school and teens and watching how they grow and incorporate new life skills. Their perspective on things always makes for a great conversation.”


Yekatherina Castro, acting Youth Services director and training and curriculum specialist for CYSS

  • Starting working in CYSS in 1999
  • Arrived at Carlisle Barracks in 2008 as the Pre-K coordinator at the CDC
  • Oversees both the Youth Services and Youth Sports programs
  • “Being from a military Family I can really identify with the experience that our kids are going through. The energy of the staff and the variety or programs we offer really makes this a great community to live and work in.”


Staff ensures quality programs

Irwin pointed out that her programs operate at such a high level because of her expert and in many cases, home grown staff.

“A large portion of the staff here has come up through the ranks and in some cases even took part in our programs as kids themselves,” she said. “I think this really helps us because they know first-hand what life is like here and how to make our program successful.”

The Moore Child Development Center at Carlisle Barracks serves 99 children with 20 full-and part-time staff members; the CDC annex at Letterkenny currently serves about 55 children with a staff of 18 full- and part-time workers.   The Carlisle Barracks Youth Services has capacity for 120 youth, with a staff of 10 full- and part-time employees. 


National Inhalants and Poisons Awareness Week March 16 - 22

They're all over your house. They're in your child's school. In fact, you probably picked some up the last time you went to the grocery store. Educate yourself. Find out about inhalants before your children do.

One of five students in America has used an inhalant to get high by the time he or she reaches the eighth grade.Parents don't know that inhalants, cheap, legal and accessible products, are as popular among middle school students as marijuana. Even fewer know the deadly effects the poisons in these products have on the brain and body when they are inhaled or "huffed." It's like playing Russian Roulette. The user can die the 1st, 10th or 100th time a product is misused as an inhalant.

Most parents are in the dark regarding the popularity and dangers of inhalant use. But children are quickly discovering that common household products are inexpensive to obtain, easy to hide and the easiest way to get high. According to national surveys, inhaling dangerous products is becoming one of the most widespread problems in the country. It is as popular as marijuana with young people. More than a million people used inhalants to get high just last year. By the time a student reaches the 8th grade, one in five will have used inhalants.

What is inhalant use? Inhalant use refers to the intentional breathing of gas or vapors with the purpose of reaching a high. Inhalants are legal, everyday products which have a useful purpose, but can be misused. You're probably familiar with many of these substances -- paint, glue and others. But you probably don't know that there are more than 1,000 products that are very dangerous when inhaled -- things like typewriter correction fluid, air-conditioning refrigerant, felt tip markers, spray paint, air freshener, butane and even cooking spray. See Products Abused as Inhalants for more details.

Who is at risk?Inhalants are an equal opportunity method of substance abuse. Statistics show that young, white males have the highest usage rates. Hispanic and American Indian populations also show high rates of usage. See Characteristics of Users and Signs of an Inhalant User for more details.

What can inhalants do to the body?Nearly all abused products produce effects similar to anesthetics, which slow down the body's function. Varying upon level of dosage, the user can experience slight stimulation, feeling of less inhibition or loss of consciousness. The user can also suffer from Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome. This means the user can die the 1st, 10th or 100th time he or she uses an inhalant. Other effects include damage to the heart, kidney, brain, liver, bone marrow and other organs. Results similar to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome may also occur when inhalants are used during pregnancy. Inhalants are physically and psychologically addicting and users suffer withdrawal symptoms. See Damage Inhalants Can Cause to the Body and Brain, Long-Term Effects of Inhalant Usage and Signs and Symptoms of a Long-Term User for more details.

What can I do if someone I know is huffing and appears in a state of crisis? If someone you know is huffing, the best thing to do is remain calm and seek help. Agitation may cause the huffer to become violent, experience hallucinations or suffer heart dysfunction which can cause Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome. Make sure the room is well ventilated and call EMS. If the person is not breathing, administer CPR. Once recovered, seek professional treatment and counseling. See What To Do If Someone is Huffing for more details.

Can inhalant use be treated?Treatment facilities for inhalant users are rare and difficult to find. Users suffer a high rate of relapse, and require thirty to forty days or more of detoxification. Users suffer withdrawal symptoms which can include hallucinations, nausea, excessive sweating, hand tremors, muscle cramps, headaches, chills and delirium tremens. Follow-up treatment is very important. If you or someone you know is seeking help for inhalant abuse, you can contact the National Inhalant Prevention Coalition at 1-800-269-4237 for information on treatment centers and general information on inhalants. Through a network of nationwide contacts, NIPC can help (but not guarantee) finding a center in your area that treats inhalant use.

What should I tell my child or students about inhalants?It is never too early to teach your children about the dangers of inhalants. Don't just say "not my kid." Inhalant use starts as early as elementary school and is considered a gateway to further substance abuse. Parents often remain ignorant of inhalant use or do not educate their children until it is too late. Inhalants are not drugs. They are poisons and toxins and should be discussed as such. There are, however, a few age appropriate guidelines that can be useful when educating your children. See Tips for Teachers for more details on how much to tell your children or students in the classroom about inhalants.

Inhalants are a diverse group of organic solvents, volatile substances, and propellant gases that are intentionally concentrated and inhaled for their psychoactive effects, which range from an alcohol-like intoxication to hallucinations.

The above information was taken from the National Inhalant Prevention Coalition site and the Army Center for Substance Abuse site. For additional information contact the Army Substance Abuse Prevention office at 245 – 4576.

Strategy conference, international fellows course to bring influx of visitors to post  

Carpooling might not be a bad idea starting Monday, April 7 as Carlisle Barracks will be a busy place next week with about 250 guests expected for the U.S. Army War College Strategy Conference and the International Alumni Peace and Security Course.  

If carpooling isn’t an option for you, you might want to consider some of the alternate parking on the installation. The Exchange parking lot, Dunham Clinic overflow low, and the area adjacent to the Department of Public Works (near the post pool) are areas that aren’t traditionally utilized.  

The increased traffic flow may also cause delays at the Claremont Road and Ashburn Drive gates as well

Col. Robert Balcavage, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute

Expert on Syria speaks to War College class

Dr. Faten Ghosn, University of Arizona guest lecturer to The US Army War College's Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, presents her lecture:  "Syria - From Secularism to Takfiri Ideology" to members of USAWC Class of 2014. 

Dr. Ghosn's presentation focused on the domestic, regional and international factors that have facilitated the rise and expansion of the Takfiri ideology:  (1) how the Takfiriyeen were able to hijack the protests early on, and (2) why the situation in Syria is more comparable to Libya and Yemen and not Egypt and Tunis.  This lecture was particularly relevant to USAWC students challenged to understand the roots of instability in a relevant, strategically important crisis area - a topic, whose message is commonly distorted or diluted by 24-hour media reporting.

Dr. Ghosn received her BA and MA from the American University of Beirut, and her Ph.D. from the Pennsylvania State University. Her research and teaching interests focus on the interaction of adversaries, be they conflictual or cooperative. In particular, she has been interested in how such actors handle their disagreements. A common theme running throughout her professional interests is the importance of the choice of strategy that is picked by the adversaries to manage their conflicts, and how such strategies and policies are implemented. Her articles have appeared in the British Journal of Political Science, Conflict Management and Peace Science, International Journal of Human Rights, International Negotiation, International Studies Quarterly, as well as Middle East Journal.






Dog Tags

A Free Lecture, "The Dog Tag, A Silent Statement of Commitment" to be presented at the Army Heritage and Education Center

Not simply an identification tool for Soldiers serving in combat, the dog tag is a meaningful token signifying commitment, resolve, and duty to one’s country and fellows. 

At noon, Saturday, Apr. 5, the Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle is proud to present a special lecture by Mrs. Ginger Cucolo based on her recently published book, Dog Tags: The History, Personal Stories, Cultural Impact, and Future of Military Identification.

Each dog tag carries its own human interest story--receiving it, hanging it around the neck, and feeling it upon one’s chest is at once a silent statement of commitment. The tag itself individualizes the human being who wears it in an environment which demands obedience, commitment, and duty to a higher cause.

Mrs. Cucolo, through this presentation, will share the history of dog tags and the Soldiers who wore them.  She will draw from personal accounts, cover the cultural impact of dog tags over the years, and discuss the future of dog tags within our Armed Services.

Mrs. Ginger Cucolo is married to a career Infantryman in the U.S. Army with thirty-four years of active duty service.  She is the daughter, daughter-in-law, niece, and sister of servicemen, but her years as the spouse of an Army Soldier have involved her in the lives of other servicemen and women whose families have needed information and support. 

She was chosen as a Botkin Series Lecturer at the Library of Congress for 2012, and was an expert for the History Channel on dog tags for the production, “101 Objects that Changed the World.”  Mrs. Cucolo holds a Bachelor of Arts in History from The University of Texas at Austin, TX, a Master of Science in Community Health Administration and Wellness Promotion from California College for Health Sciences, and continues work on a PhD in Military History. 

All USAHEC special lectures are open to the public and FREE to attend.  Doors to the Visitor and Education Center will open at 10 a.m. on Saturday, April 5, and the lecture will begin at noon.  Parking is free, and the Museum Store and Café Cumberland will be open. 

For directions, information, and a complete schedule of USAHEC events, please visit: or call 717-245-3972.

Commandant's Lecture Series features former USCENTCOM commander James Mattis

The former U.S. Central Command Commander spoke candidly with The War College students about being mindful of their future roles as integrated members of the U.S. Government interagency team in an international environment.  Retired Gen. James N. Mattis shared lessons learned in Bliss Hall March 26 as part of the Commandant’s Lecture Series.

When you graduate, you’ll be expected to be at the top of your game mentally, physically, and spiritually, he said to the class, adding his personal assessment that the curriculum has matured over the years and become “more meaty”.

 “The operational level was a maturing event. Now you are at a grand strategic operational level,” said Mattis as segue into the meat of his remarks about effective joint operations.

Mattis said that each service’s doctrine and culture is a starting point to work together to carry out battlefield harmony. He cautioned that doctrine can be the last refuge of the unimaginative if you allow it.

Mattis emphasized the importance of personal relationships at the most senior levels of military leadership. The personality of general and flag officer is critical, especially in multinational and joint environments. He specifically recommended that senior leaders, when traveling, meet with the Ambassador and Country Team before engaging with a nation’s military or civilian leadership.  

With respect to military ethics, Mattis noted that the U.S. military is defined by all those who do the right thing every day when no one is watching, under sometimes the grimmest possible circumstances.

DOD salutes children during Military Child Month

By Terri Moon Cronk, American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, April 1, 2014 - The Defense Department believes military children serve their country alongside their service member parents, DOD's director of the office of family policy/children and youth said.

When military children serve, they do so by making sacrifices when parents are deployed, through frequent moves, starting new schools and making new friends on a continuing basis, Barbara Thompson said in a recent interview with The Pentagon Channel for the Month of the Military Child that's being celebrated in April.

"We feel it's important for the nation to know that military children also serve their country," Thompson said.

To honor military children for their sacrifices and service, DOD and the services have planned activities this month that range from installation-based fairs, parades, and literacy and art events, she said.

Military Kids Day, April 15, marks the third-annual "Purple Up!" day when adults wear purple to show support of children from all the services, Thompson said.

DOD has numerous year-round programs and awareness efforts to honor military children, and Thompson elaborated on some of those initiatives.

To help children build their resilience, DOD has coordinated programs with Sesame Street to help with ongoing change in military children's lives, Thompson noted.

"Sesame [Street] has been an outstanding contributor to the well-being of military children," she said, naming a series of DVDs that cover such topics for military children as divorce, grief, separation and deployment, resilience skills, and visible or invisible injuries.

Sesame Street also recently launched two new smartphone applications.

"One [app] covers relocation, and another is to help children learn self-regulation skills so they become more resilient," Thompson said. "And everything is free."

Thompson emphasized that April also is Child Abuse Prevention Month and said awareness in this arena is important to DOD.

"Child Abuse Prevention Month is particularly important because it's a social responsibility for all of us to make sure children are safe and their well-being is protected," she said. "Everybody has a responsibility."

Giving parents the tools to make them strong supporters of their children and to keep them safe from predators and from violence within the family is crucial, she added.

"Parenting is tough, regardless of the situation and the age of the child. They each bring their nuances to the table, whether it's children at [age] 2 who say 'no,' or a teenager who's sometimes a little defiant," she said.

DOD offers parenting skill resources, Thompson noted, such as the newly launched Parenting Course. The course, she explained, examines parenting from the context of the military lifestyle, which revolves around deployments and parental separations from their children at different stages of their development.

And an installation-based initiative, the new Parent Support Program, involves home visitation for new parents of children up to age 3, "to help parents reach their full potential working with and being responsible for their children," Thompson said. The Marine Corps' program supports parents with children up to age 5, she added.

"The New Parent Support Program is a part of the Family Advocacy Program, which has a prevention piece that offers courses and opportunities for support groups. We want to make sure we address the stressors in families' lives before they escalate," Thompson said.

"Sometimes [certain] things really push our buttons," she added. "So we need to have the tools, to know how to cope with those kinds of stressors and how we react to them."

March 19, 2014 -- On Tuesday morning, March 18th, the Chief of Staff, Army, announced the assignment of Maj. Gen. William E. Rapp, Chief of Legislative Liaison, Office of the Secretary of the Army, Pentagon, Washington, D.C. to the U.S. Army War College as the 50th Commandant.

      Maj. Gen. Rapp is a 1984 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Career highlights of the past 10 years include service at the highest operational and strategic levels of war:  command of the 555th Combat Engineer Group at Joint Base Lewis McChord and in combat in Iraq; command of the Northwest Division of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland, Oregon; and Deputy Commanding General-Support, U.S. Forces Afghanistan. He also served as Commandant of Cadets at the U.S. Military Academy, and most recently, as Chief of Army Legislative Liaison. He is a 2004 graduate of the Army War College, and holds a master's in Political Science, a master's in National Security and Strategy, and a Ph.D. in International Relations earned at Stanford University.

49th Commandant Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo,  left, will pass responsibility for the U.S. Army War College to Maj. Gen. William Rapp in June 2014.

    "With the selection of Maj. Gen. Rapp, there is no doubt that the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army are sending the strongest possible message to the institution of the Army - and to all of us here - about the important role The War College plays in our Army right now," said Cucolo in a personal message to the Army War College faculty and staff.

      "The 50th Commandant comes to us from one of the toughest two-star duties in the Army: Chief of Legislative Liaison.

      "If there is one officer on the Army staff who knows how Washington runs and how the Army runs, it is MG Bill Rapp; if there is one two-star in the Army who can keep us on the trajectory of strategic relevance for the Army, the joint force and spirited engagement in national security discourse, it is Bill Rapp."

      A ceremony to mark the change in responsibility will be scheduled at the Army War College in June.

      Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo will complete 35 years of service to the Nation, as he completes two years as the 49th Commandant of the U.S. Army War College. He plans to relocate with his family to Texas.

TRICARE Service changes operations - from walk-in centers to online service

In all 50 states walk-in service at TRICARE Service Centers ends as of April 1. Overseas TRICARE Service Centers will remain open. Walk-in service was the most expensive option and the same information and transactions can be accomplished on TRICARE’s existing websites or by calling TRICARE.

The majority of customer service visits to TSCs concern in/out processing, billing, enrollment, changing a Primary Care Manager , general information on benefits and plans, or referrals. Please note that this initiative does not affect TRICARE benefits or health care delivery.

This is one way to control the increasing cost of providing excellent health care. Walk-in customer service is the most expensive option available. While a call center contact averages about $6, a walk-in visit ranges from $30-200 depending on the length of the visit.  Eliminating walk-in service will save the DoD an estimated $254 million over next five years.

Dunham Health Army Health Clinic remains open - only the TRICARE service center closes on April 1. Please visit and see how easy it is to enroll, file or check a claim, find a doctor or update your information.  Northern Region beneficiaries may also call 1-877-TRICARE (1-877-874-2273). TRICARE for Life beneficiaries may call 1-866-773-0404.

Army recognizes "Gold Star" wives

"It's heartbreaking to think of someone asking 'what a beautiful pin, where can I get one?'" said Gold Star Wife Donna Engeman.

"We need to ensure the nation--the world--recognizes what that pin really signifies," she continued.

April 5, 2014, has been designated by Congress as "Gold Star Wives Day." The intent is to publically recognize the sacrifices made by our service members in support of our nation.

Though the official designation of the Gold Star Wives Day is relatively new, the gold star has officially been recognized as a symbol of loss since 1918.

Throughout the First World War, families would hang blue service stars in their windows to indicate that their loved ones were serving in the war effort. By 1918, it became common practice to pin a gold star over the blue star to indicate that their service member had died. President Wilson also authorized mothers to wear a gold star on the traditional black mourning band to signify their loss was war-related in 1918.

During the Second World War, service flags and what they represented were standardized and codified by Congress. In April of 1945, a non-profit group calling themselves "Gold Star Wives of America" filed incorporation paperwork signed by Eleanor Roosevelt. Less than two years later Congress approved the design, manufacture and distribution of the Gold Star Label Pin to be presented to surviving family members of those who died in that conflict.

Though service flags and Gold Star pins fell out of favor in the sixties, in 1973 the Army approved a lapel pin to be worn by those who lost their lives while serving on active duty but not in combat operations.

The rise of patriotism and pride in service after September 11 brought about a resurgence of the use of both the blue and gold stars in flags, bumper and window stickers and lapel pins.

But it's not enough, said Engeman, who manages the Survivor Outreach Services program for the Army.

During World War II, more than 16 million people served in the war effort overseas, and most of the country supported the war effort through rationing, victory gardens, war bonds, and other public displays of support.

Only 2.5 million service members have deployed during the war on terror; less that 1 percent of the American population. While service flags can be readily found in windows in the residential areas on military installations, it's rare to see them in mainstream America.

To help raise awareness, the Army has produced a series of public service announcements describing the significance of Gold Star pins. The PSAs will be released over the course of the year, to expand awareness efforts beyond a single day proclaimed by Congress.

The Army, recognizing that families who have paid the ultimate sacrifice deserve our respect, gratitude and the very best we can provide, created Survivor Outreach Services to provide long-term support services and family case management for surviving families. A program in the G9, Family and MWR Services Directorate of the Installation Management Command, SOS is integral to the Army's support system and casualty notification office.

"Our support service coordinators and financial counselors are dedicated to helping survivors from all eras understand--and apply for--the benefits they're entitled to" said Hal Snyder, chief of IMCOM's Wounded and Fallen Support Services Office. "We also help them stay connected to the Army family for as long as they desire."

SOS currently supports more than 55,900 surviving military family members, and is spearheading the effort to raise awareness through the PSAs.

"We're committed to our survivors," said Lt. Gen. Mike Ferriter, IMCOM commander. "So educating the public on the meaning behind the gold star pins is simply another way to reaffirm that we honor and understand the sacrifices they've made for our country."

To learn more, visit

Forbes Ave light repair to cause in temporary loss of parking

In order to repair the street lights on Forbes Ave, there will be parking restrictions in front of the Indian Field Fitness Center and the parking lot between the building and Reynolds Theater on April 2.

The handicapped spaces will be temporarily relocated to in front of Bliss Hall and will be marked with cones with handicapped toppers.

Army tightens personal appearance, tattoo policy

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, March 31, 2014) -- The number, size and placement of tattoos have been dialed back under revised Army Regulation 670-1, which governs the Army's grooming standards and proper wear of the uniform.

The revised regulation was published yesterday, along with Department of the Army Pamplet 670-1, outlining the new standards. Effective dates for the various changes can also be found in All Army Activity message, or ALARACT 082-2014.

Sgt. Maj. of the Army Raymond F. Chandler III addressed why the changes were made.

"The Army is a profession, and one of the ways our leaders and the American public measure our professionalism is by our appearance," he said. "Wearing of the uniform, as well as our overall military appearance, should be a matter of personal pride for all Soldiers.

"Every Soldier has the responsibility to understand and follow these standards," he continued. "Leaders at all levels also have a responsibility to interpret and enforce these standards, which begins by setting the example."

Some of the changes include:


Tattoos cannot be located anywhere on the neck or head above the lines of a T-shirt. They also cannot be located anywhere below the wrist bone.

Visible band tattoos cannot be longer than two inches wide. There can be no more than one visible band tattoo. Sleeve tattoos on arms or legs are not allowed.

Each visible tattoo below the elbow or knee must be smaller than the size of the wearer's extended hand. There cannot be more than four total tattoos below the elbows or knees.

Soldiers who currently violate these revisions can be grandfathered in as long as commanders validate their current tattoos. Also, each year, commanders much check each Soldier for new tattoos that might be prohibited. The checks will be done when Soldiers are in their physical fitness uniform and do not include tattoos that might be hidden by the shorts or T-shirts.

Prohibited tattoos include those just mentioned, as well as ones that could be deemed extremist, indecent, sexist or racist.


Soldiers on official travel and traveling by commercial carrier are no longer allowed to wear the Army Combat Uniform, or ACU. Instead, they must either wear civilian attire or the service uniform.

The only ACU exceptions are when Soldiers are deploying, on rest and recuperation leave to and from theater and when authorized to do so by commanders for emergency leave or casualty assistance duties.

Identification tags must be worn at all times while on duty in uniform unless otherwise directed.

Soldiers can carry plain, black umbrellas only during inclement weather when in service, dress and mess uniforms. However, umbrellas are not allowed in formations or when wearing field or utility uniforms.

Revisions also cover the wearing of badges and tabs, the carrying of bags, sewing on of nametapes, U.S. Army tape and grade insignia; wearing of insignia representing regimental affiliation, windbreakers, all-weather coats and other garments.


Fancy-style haircuts, including the "tear drop," "landing strip" or "Mohawk," and "horseshoe" are no longer authorized.

Sideburns cannot extend below the bottom of the ear opening and cannot be flared or tapered to a point, and the length of the sideburn hair cannot exceed one-eighth of an inch.

A mustache cannot extend past the corners of the mouth and no portion can cover the upper lip line or go higher than the lowest portion of the nose.

Fingernails cannot extend past the tip of the finger and nail polish cannot be worn.


Hair must be neatly and inconspicuously fastened or pinned. Bangs are now authorized, as long as they don't fall below the eyebrows. "Bulk of hair," measured from the scalp up, as opposed to the length of hair, will not exceed two inches, except for a bun, which can protrude three inches from the scalp. The bun cannot be wider than the width of the head.

Also hair needs to be properly secured, cannot be unbalanced or lopsided and parting of hair must be in a straight line.

Hair extensions and wigs are now authorized as long as they have the same general appearance as the natural hair and conform to all other hair regulations.

During physical training, women can now wear the full length of their hair in one pony tail that's centered on the back of the head.

Fingernails cannot exceed 1/4 inch from the tip of the finger and only clear nail polish is authorized with all uniforms.


Soldiers cannot mutilate their bodies in any manner, such as tongue bifurcation.

Tooth caps or veneers of any unnatural color, design, shape or texture cannot be worn.

Jewelry or objects cannot be attached to, through or under the skin or other body part. This applies to all Soldiers on or off duty. The only exception is that female Soldiers can wear authorized earrings.

Commanders can authorize the wearing of sunglasses in formations or field environments. Glasses of any type cannot be worn on top of the head.

Soldiers cannot walk in such a way as to interfere with saluting, giving salutations or in a manner that detracts from a professional image. Examples include walking while eating, using electronic devices and smoking. All restrictions that apply to cigarettes also apply to tobacco-free cigarettes.

Personnel in civilian clothing, whether on-duty or off-duty, on or off post, must dress in a way that does not detract from the profession.

The wearing of wireless and non-wireless devices such as earpieces while in uniform is prohibited. However, hands-free devices used in a vehicle or bicycle are allowed as long as they are not prohibited by policy or civilian law.

April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month

Maj. Gen. Cucolo and Command Sgt. Maj. Parrish addressed the issue on WITF 's Smart Talk 

What is it?

National Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM) is an annual observance held during the month of April to raise awareness and educate communities on the prevention of sexual violence.

The U.S. Army, in conjunction with the Department of Defense (DOD), is implementing the new 2014 SAAM theme Speak Up! A Voice Unheard is an Army Defeated, which is designed to strengthen the collective moral and ethical commitment, in keeping with Army Values and Warrior Ethos, to show respect and dignity for every Soldier, Department of the Army Civilian, family member, and the nation.

What is the Army doing?

The Army, along with DOD, began observing SAAM in 2005 to reaffirm its commitment to eradicating sexual assault and sexual harassment in the ranks and within Army communities.

Agencies and organizations throughout the Army plan and execute commemorative activities to celebrate SAAM. Many have partnered with outside organizations to spread awareness through local communities.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

Through coordinated planning of special events, Army commanders and SHARP proponents will continue to raise awareness, internal and external media attention, and momentum for preventing and ending sexual violence.

Why is this important to the Army?

SAAM is an opportunity to highlight the corrosive effect sexual assault has on Soldiers, unit readiness, team cohesion, command climate, and trust. Sexual harassment and sexual assault violate Army Values and Warrior Ethos, and the nation's trust in leaders. By taking part in SAAM activities, the Army demonstrates its commitment to build and improve the positive climate necessary to prevent the crime of sexual assault and reaffirm the Army's reputation as a mission-ready, values-based organization.