Banner Archive for March 2015

AKO email shutting down March 31

What: AKO Mail is going to be shut down, you need to update the e-mail cert on your CAC card to DISA EE (

When: On 31 March 2015 AKO mailboxes will be shut down. AKO will continue to forward e-mail for users until June 2015 however users need to update their e-mail certs on their CAC as soon as possible.

Notes: Please follow the instructions on the attached pdf to see if you have an AKO e-mail cert on your CAC card currently. For those of you who have an AKO cert we are recommending you coordinate with the Service Desk for a time to report there and update your CAC e-mail cert. This is due to a software incompatibility issue on your pc's right now which will prohibit you from updating the cert on your own.

Alert for laptop users: Before beginning this process on your own, check with your IT Service Desk to see if there are any special steps required to decrypt information on your computer prior to changing your certificates.

If you have a e-mail cert on your card already you do not have to update the cert on the card.

Directions on Verifying the Email Address on a CAC is at the below hyperlink:

MWR director named a ‘Woman of Influence’

Congratulations to our own Liz Knouse, director of the Carlisle Barracks MWR, who has been named as a Woman of Influence by the Central Penn Business Journal. Knouse was nominated by her staff and a group of community leaders.
"I'm a little surprised about it," she said. "There are a lot of good things happening by the women in our region. It's an honor." The 25 Women of Influence award recipients will be recognized at awards ceremony on June 15.

Amanda Rodriguez, U.S. Army Installation Management Command
IMCOM leaders set sites on 2025

SAN ANTONIO (Mar. 23, 2015) – U.S. Army Installation Management Command top leaders held a conference here for garrison commanders and command sergeants major to set a collective course for IMCOM 2025 And Beyond.

Led by Commanding General, Lt. Gen.David Halverson, the two-day conference included leader to leader straight talk on IMCOM policy changes, panel discussions on Dept. of the Army initiatives and guest speakers all tied to the command’s mission of enabling readiness.

“We’re a member of the combined arms team, a critical element of readiness,” Halverson told his region and garrison leaders.  “With one voice, we have to be able to articulate IMCOM’s importance to senior mission commanders and let them know that IMCOM is the right investment.”

Through sound business decision-making, innovative partnerships and implementation of IMCOM 2025 And Beyond strategic design, the command is investing in itself - developing the agility and flexibility to be responsive to the Army’s needs today and in the future, Halverson said. 

Couched in a theme of seasonal change, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, Katherine Hammack, addressed the challenges of developing, defending and executing budgets in the current austere fiscal climate. 

“We have to weigh risks daily,” Hammack said. “What’s acceptable loss? Compare loss of life to buildings that decay a little faster . . . grass that grows a little higher? Gen. Halverson and I are okay with the grass growing higher if it means that the troops are trained, ready and properly equipped.”

Change is the solution, according to Hammack and it comes in the form of repurpose and realignment.

“The best thing a community can do is embrace BRAC [Base Realignment and Closure],” she said.  “The alternative is a ghost town, but through BRAC there is the potential for reorganization and repurpose.  Our strategy is to increase the resiliency of our bases.”

Hammack also suggested cost savings through community partnerships, green energy initiatives, like solar power, and repurposing structures instead of leaving them empty.

“It costs 30 cents a square foot to maintain a building and $3 per square foot to sustain that building,” Hammack said.  “Compare that to $30 per square foot to restore a building or $300 per square foot for new construction.”

People, their commitment to both institution and service, and their value were highlighted frequently during presentations on IMCOM’s Strategic Human Capital Plan, new succession management policy and Army Civilian Education System. 

The 2014 Stalwart awards ceremony was a tangible reminder that people are the center of IMCOM.  Fourteen members of Team IMCOM were recognized for their leadership, representation of the highest standards in character and organizational values and for their inspiring examples as agents of change within the command.

Awardees included: Gregory Holzinger, U.S. Army Garrison Stuttgart director of Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation; Janeatta Meert, U.S. Army Garrison Wiesbaden director of Army Community Service; U.S. Army Garrison Aberdeen Proving Ground Fire Chief, Scott Delay; Fort Lee Deputy Garrison Commander, Melissa Magowan; Michael McKinnon, deputy garrison commander at Fort Drum; Russell Stokes, director of Public Works at U.S. Army Garrison Natick; Yun Heo, U.S. Army Garrison Camp Red Cloud director of Public Works; Angela Major, chief of the Plans, Analysis and Integration Office at U.S. Army Garrison Fort Wainwright; Joint Base Lewis-McChord Armed Forces Community Services director, Alecia Grady; Stephanie Sarver, PAIO chief at U.S. Army Garrison Fort Polk; Jay Tulley, energy manager of U.S. Army Garrison Presidio of Monterey; Michael Webb, human resources director at U.S. Army Garrison Fort Carson; Cheryl Decker, IMCOM Central Region’s director of human resources and Michael Swingler, chief of Religious Support Operations at IMCOM headquarters.

As the conference concluded, Halverson emphasized the need for leaders, the workforce and IMCOM programs and infrastructure to be adaptable and transformative to successfully carry out the mission.

“The Army is going to have to adjust.  IMCOM is going to have to adjust,” Halverson said.  “That’s where the human dimension comes in . . . people are our greatest capability. Thank them every day.”

Month of the Military Child Events

MWR specials

Bowling special

All April, Every Sunday – Strike Zone Bowling Center

Up to 2 FREE games for children under age 18 when adult pays the same.  Shoe rental not included. More Information 717-243-3027

Golf special

All April - Carlisle Barracks Golf Course

FREE bucket of range balls for children under 16 years of age with the purchase of a bucket by a supervising adult. More Information 717-243-3262

Outdoor recreation special

Half price youth with adult purchase on April 4 Bike trip or April 11 kayaking trip

More Information 717-245-4616


Easter Sunday buffet

April 20, 11am - 2pm, Letort View Community Center, reservations required, 717-245-4329


Kick-Off Events


Kick-off parade

April 1, 9:15am – Moore CDC


Kick-off party

April 1, 4-6pm, K-12th grade, McConnell Youth Center, FREE


Special events  


Military children art display

April 6-20, Carlisle Barracks Commissary


Family movie night

April 11, 7-9pm, Everyone Welcome, How to Train Your Dragon 2, McConnell Youth Center, FREE


Family advisory board meeting

April 14, 11am – Noon, McConnell Youth Center, FREE


Purple up for military kids

April 15, All Day, Everyone is encouraged to wear purple or decorate in purple to show support & thank military children for their strength & sacrifices, Post Wide


Family fun fair

April 25, 10am – 1pm, Indian Field, FREE


Jim Thorpe Sports Days

April 23-25, Indian Field


Youth open recreation

April 23 & 24, 1-7PM, K-12th grade, McConnell Youth Center, FREE


Parents night out

April 24, 6-11pm, Infants – Pre-K at CDC / K-5th grade at CYSS, $30 per child


Youth of the Year & Youth Volunteer of the Year Recognition Ceremony

April 30, 4:30pm – Come Celebrate Our Youth – McConnell Youth Center, FREE


Ice cream social

April 30, 2:30pm –Moore CDC, FREE


Middle School & Teen Events

(All events meet at McConnell YS and are FREE unless otherwise stated)


Service projects

April 2, All Day - Reading to SAC children, Flat Stanley

April 8, 4:30pm - CYS Clean Up Day



April 6, 1-4pm - Paintball Tent

April 18, 12:30-6pm – Wanna Play Paintball Field Trip, register by 4/16, $20


Art projects

April 7, 4:30pm - Popsicle Stick Portraits

April 28, 4:30pm - Plastic Cups or Fine Art?

April 14, 5:30pm - Map Our Lives



April 13, 3:30-4:30pm - Bike Club

April 20, 5pm - Boys & Girls Club Triple Play – Healthy Habits

April 21, 5:30pm - Tech Lab – Robots

April 23, 4:30pm - Keystone Club Meeting

April 29, 5:30pm - Photography Club – What I Have Seen



April 10, 9pm – Midnight, register by 4/9 – Girls Night In

April 16, 4:30 - YOUTH COUNCIL – Operation Megaphone Planning Meeting

April 17, 9pm – Midnight, register by 4/16 – Guys Night In

April 24-25, 7pm - 7am, register by 4/23 - Operation Megaphone Worldwide Lock-In



April 3, 2-4pm - Rock-N-Bowl

April 9, 4:30-5:30pm - Zero Tolerance Policy Awareness Presentation

April 11, Noon - 4pm, register by 4/10 - Dodgeball Tournament

April 22, 4-6pm - Garden Project

April 27, 4pm - Outside Obstacle Course

April 27, 5-6pm - Family Spaghetti Dinner Night


School age children events k-5th grade


(All events meet at McConnell YS and are FREE)


Flat Stanley project

April 2, All Day


Parents luncheon & family pictures

April 3, Family Pictures 11-1pm & 4-6pm / Luncheon with Parents 11:30-12:30pm


Friday night fun night 4:30 – 6pm

April 3, Family Trivia

April 10, Center Stage

April 17, Art

April 24, Games


Parents luncheon & family pictures

April 3, 11am – 1pm


My life story 4:30-6pm

April 7, Picture Wall, Bring in family pictures

April 8, Family Heritage

April 9, Places I’ve Lived

April 13, Story Writing – All About Me!

April 16, Poetry Writing

April 20, Life of a Military Child A-Z Book Sharing

April 21, Trading Cards

April 29, All About ME!

April 30, Family Tree


Breakfast with parents – Waffle Bar

April 14, 7 – 8AM



April 18, 7pm – Midnight, Register by April 16 – 6pm


Earth day activities

April 22, 4:30-6PM


Cupcake bake & design

April 23, 4:30-6PM


Family spaghetti dinner night

April 27, 5-6pm


Inaugural dance off

April 28, 4:30-6pm



Moore CDC Events

Creative me days

April 2, Dog Tags

April 7, Friendship Quilt

April 9, Military Mobile

April 13, Love for Your Country

April 16, My Favorite Things

April 28, Make a Hug Day


Creative dress days

April 3, Military Hat or Shirt

April 8, Silly Hair

April 24, Sports Jersey

April 29, Mismatch


All about me week

April 6-10


Ice cream social

April 10, 2:45 – 3:15pm, open to parents & families


Why i love being a military child interviews

April 14, All Day


Bike day

April 17, 9:30-11am


Oh! The places you go (or have gone!)

April 20-30, All Day


Earth Day – Plant a Flower

April 21, All Day


Movie day

April 22, 9:30-11am


Field day

April 23, All Day


Letters to children

April 27, All Day


Diversity day & luncheon

April 30, 10-11:30am


Robert D. Martin II, Public Affairs Office
USAWC students test creativity in ‘egg drop'

March 11, 2015 -- Army War College students must have wondered about the connection between fragile eggs and senior leadership as they walked into the Root Hall gym to attend Prof. Chuck Allen’s Creative Leadership elective, March 9.

The students had to come up with their own design  that would allow a raw egg to be dropped from a height of eight feet, yet remain unbroken.  To make the task more interesting, Allen required that the students use edible materials.  Entries ranged from loaves of bread to fruit roll ups, marshmallows and rice.  Of the 12 attempts, eight eggs survived the drop unscathed.

Returning to the seminar room, the students engaged in an after action review of the exercise, discussing their process of preparation.  In many cases, it involved seeking others’ ideas, doing some research and, then, taking a chance – steps to overcome the mental blocks to creativity that we all have.

“My observation is that students are excited by the challenge and are competitive by nature, which serves as motivating factor for the exercise,” said Allen. “They also observe and learn from the designs of their peers, pretty much in the same way as in the real world.  This exercise provided an opportunity to demonstrate concepts of creativity from the lessons thus far and validate, in many cases, their creativity preference to reinforce the need for self-awareness.”

The key question posed was "what about protecting the egg from impact helps thinking about protecting our soldiers in other contexts?  Like IEDs, Impact of force reduction (SERB, QMP), Impact of service (PTSD) as service members fall back into U.S. society...?"

 Libyan Col. Muhsen Elabeidi and Lt. Col. Carl Parsons await their turn to test their creative thinking as
Prof. Chuck Allen demonstrates an egg drop as an exercise in broadening perspectives in problem-solving.
Allen used rice cakes, marshmallows and fruit rollups to protect his egg, Allen said, “Mine made it unbroken,”
but there was no immediate confirmation of the validity of his statement.

Robert D. Martin II, Public Affairs Office
General speaks of competence over gender as she looks to future

The Army’s Judge Advocate General, discussed the progression of women’s careers in the military at the Women’s History Month event here.

The Army’s Judge Advocate General, Lt. Gen. Flora Darpino discussed the progression of women’s careers in the military at the Women’s History Month event here, at Bliss Hall for an audience of students, military JAG officers, faculty, staff and community members,March 25, 2015.

 Lt. Gen. Darpino referred to this year’s theme, Weaving the Stories of Women's Lives, when she said, “This allows me to really talk with you about incredible women who through history have truly made a difference,” said Darpino at Bliss Hall for an audience of students, military JAG officers, faculty, staff and community members,March 25, 2015.

Darpino shared stories of women in war, from Deborah Gannett who for 17 months served as an enlisted soldier using the name of her brother so she could serve in Army during the Revolutionary War, to Dr. Mary Walker who attempted to serve her country during the Civil War but was told she was the wrong gender; she did so anyway, and now is the only woman to have received the Medal of Honor for her service to our country.

"Competence is not based on gender," said Darpino.  “These women soldiers demonstrated competence as soldiers over their gender,” she said.

She added personal insights about her own career.

When she joined the Army, women made up just 9 percent of the JAG corps, she said.  “My first boss said to me, ‘I told them not to send me a woman but they sent you anyway’,” she told the audience. But she interpreted that as a positive. “Somebody had confidence in me and sent me anyway. Someone took my competence over my gender.”

Concluding, Darpino contrasted today’s reality to 1976 advertisement copy that said: The Army needs Girls, Not Just Generals.  Noting that four three-star females, and one two-star, sit at the Chief of Staff table in the inner circle, she said, “Girls are generals, by the way.”




America pays tribute to spouses, family members of fallen military

America will pay respect April 5 to the spouses and families of fallen members of the U.S. Armed Forces.

A resolution to designate Gold Star Wives Day was approved by the U.S. Senate in recognition of the sacrifices made by these spouses and family members.

The Senate resolution states the military service members and veterans "bear the burden of protecting the freedom of the people of the United States and … the sacrifices of the families of the fallen members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States should never be forgotten."

Gold Star Wives Day was first celebrated Dec. 18, 2010, through a Senate resolution with support from the Gold Star Wives of America, Inc., a nonprofit organization of about 10,000 members that provides services and support to the spouses of fallen service members.

"Remembrance days like Gold Star Wives Day specifically honor the sacrifices of some of the individuals a Fallen Soldier has left behind," said Donna Engeman, Survivor Outreach Services Program Manager, U.S. Army Installation Management Command. "The sacrifices of a Gold Star wife reach beyond losing the person she considers a life partner - it is a loss of goals and expectations, it impacts her identity within the Army culture and completely changes the path of her future.

"The importance of Gold Star Wives Day is that it brings acknowledgement to and honors the many sacrifices of these incredibly courageous and resilient women," she added.

The Department of Defense presents one of two lapel pins to Gold Star Family members. The pins are worn by the survivors to recognize their sacrifices and as a way for others to pay tribute to them.

The first pin is the Gold Star Lapel Pin, which was established by Congress in 1947 and is presented spouses and family members of service members killed in combat.

The second pin is the Next of Kin Lapel Pin, which is presented to immediate family members of service members who die while serving outside of combat operations. This pin features a gold star on a gold background.

Dunham Army Health Clinic

Plan to move overseas?  Plan for an overseas medical screening appointment: open now

March 27, 2015 -- As Dunham U.S. Army Health Clinic (DUSAHC) prepares for the transition season for service members at the U.S Army War College and Carlisle Barracks,we are aware there are many things that must be accomplished before a service member and their family departs. Particularly for Service Members who plan to move overseas,  preparation medically is paramount.

The DUSAHC staff is dedicated to providing timely services for physicals and screenings to those Families PCSing overseas. The clinic leadership fully understands that this portion of the transition is a precursor to many other important tasks such as transportation and housing. Please consider a few key points regarding the physicals/screenings in preparation for overseas assignments:

- Dunham U.S. Army Health Clinic is the only site that provides overseas physicals/screenings in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for our Service Members  -- Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines.

- The clinic currently schedules these physicals every Tuesday afternoon.

- During the month of April, the clinic dedicates two afternoons per week (Tuesday and Wednesday) for overseas physicals/screenings.

** To increase the availability of overseas screening physicals for Families PCSing this summer, the clinic recently made additional  appointments available in the month of April.**

- For emergent/urgent appointments the clinic will do everything possible to accommodate Service Members who have a report date overseas in the next 30 days.


Please feel free to call the DUSAHC at 245-3400 to schedule an overseas screening appointment. We look forward to continuing to serve the needs of our military Families here at Carlisle Barracks.

Now available: NEW US Army War College Quarterly, Parameters - Winter 2014-2015

The latest edition of the US Army War College Quarterly, Parameters(Winter 2014-2015) is available – and reflects expertise and scholarship of Army War College faculty.

The leadoff article, "China's Strategic Moves and Counter-Moves" by SSI research professor Dr. David Lai, uses two analytical frameworks for understanding tensions in the Asia-Pacific Region and, in particular, great power relations between the United States and China.  One is the "Go" game framework; the other builds on the theoretical assertion that the U.S.-China power transition has entered a second stage caused by the U.S. strategic rebalance and China's increasing assertiveness. Dr. Lai's analysis offers other significant insights into U.S.-China relations and Asia-Pacific affairs, points out the potential dangers inherent in the complicated interactions in this region, and suggests thoughts for achieving win-win solutions for potential adversaries.

Another featured article, "Defeating the Islamic State: A Financial-Military Strategy" by teaching faculty member Dr. Paul Kan, addresses the oil smuggling, kidnapping, human trafficking and extortion that make ISIL one the best funded militant groups the United States has confronted. Avoiding a protracted conflict with ISIS will requires an integrated financial and military strategy to undermine the group's territorial control and reach.


Dr. Chris Bolan, a teaching faculty member, offers commentary David S. Sorenson's Autumn 2014 Parameters article "Priming Strategic Communications: Countering the Appeal of ISIS." Parameters pairs Bolan’s comments with a response by Dr. Sorenson.

Parameters Book Review section includes reviews by scholars across the Army War College -- Dr. Andy Terrill, Dr. Chris Bolan, Maj. Jason Warren, PhD, Dr. Janeen Klinger, Col. Bobby Mundell, Dr. Robert Bunker Dr. Conrad Crane, COL Doug Mastriano, and Dr. Jim Scudieri.


Free workshop to focus on what parents need to know about drugs

A free Drugs 101: What Parents Need to Know will be held at the WITF Public Media Center, Harrisburg at 12:30 p.m. -- In this class you will, learn how to identify drug and alcohol paraphernalia, learn how adolescents hide drug & alcohol use and learn how to watch for signs, symptoms & current drug trends. For more information…/wi…/2015/01/drugs-101-free-program.php

April marks Alcohol Awareness Month

For the Health of it: Early Education on Alcoholism and Addiction

Each April since 1987, the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. (NCADD) has sponsored Alcohol Awareness Month to increase public awareness and understanding, reduce stigma and encourage local communities to focus on alcoholism and alcohol-related issues.

With this year's theme, "For the Health of It: Early Education on Alcoholism and Addiction," the month of April 2015 will be filled with local, state, and national events aimed at educating people about the treatment and prevention of alcoholism, particularly among our youth, and the benefits of providing early education to give kids a better understanding of the impact that alcohol can have on their lives.

Local NCADD Affiliates as well as schools, colleges, churches, and countless other community organizations will sponsor a host of activities that create awareness and encourage individuals and families to get help for alcohol-related problems.

Alcohol use by young people is extremely dangerous—both to themselves and to society, and is directly associated with traffic fatalities, violence, suicide, educational failure, alcohol overdose, unsafe sex and other problem behaviors, even for those who may never develop a dependence or addiction.

Adolescence is a time of heightened risk taking and young people may not be fully prepared to anticipate all the consequences of drinking alcohol, such as swigging drinks to "celebrate" a special occasion, or being in a car with a driver who has been drinking.

Alcohol is the number one drug of choice for America's youth, and is more likely to kill young people than all illegal drugs combined.

Reducing underage drinking is critical to securing a healthy future for America's youth and requires a cooperative effort from parents, schools, community organizations, business leaders, government agencies, the entertainment industry, alcohol manufacturers/retailers and young people themselves.

"Underage drinking is a complex issue," says Andrew Pucher, President and Chief Executive Officer of NCADD, "one that can only be solved through a sustained and cooperative effort. As a nation, we need to wake up to the reality that for some, alcoholism and addiction develop at a young age and that intervention, treatment, and recovery support are essential for them and their families," says Pucher. "We can't afford to wait any longer."

An integral part of Alcohol Awareness Month is Alcohol-Free Weekend (April 3-5, 2015), which is designed to raise public awareness about the use of alcohol and how it may be affecting individuals, families, and the community. During this seventy-two-hour period, NCADD extends an open invitation to all Americans, young and old, to participate in three alcohol-free days and to use this time to contact local NCADD Affiliates and other alcoholism agencies to learn more about alcoholism and its early symptoms.


Alcohol is the most commonly abused drug. Alcohol is popular, socially accepted, and legal. Yet it is the most frequent cause of individual and family pain and suffering.

Understanding Alcohol and Alcoholism

If you're visiting the NCADD website to find out about alcohol, you are in the right place. We have chosen to have a separate section about alcohol because it is our most commonly used drug and it represents our number one drug problem.

Ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, found in beer, wine and spirits (like whiskey, gin, scotch, vodka, etc.) is a psychoactive drug that has a depressant effect. Alcohol, consumed across cultures, often used to help and promote social interaction, is popular, generally accepted and legal.

However, for millions of individuals and family members, alcohol is a source devastating pain and loss. Alcohol is addictive and the state of addiction to alcohol is known as the disease of alcoholism.

But, to begin to better understand alcoholism, there is a great deal we need to talk about regarding alcohol and it’s effect on the individual, the family and many of major problems faced by our society - crime, drinking and driving and in the workplace. In addition, we need to discuss the special role that alcohol plays in problems among women, veterans and seniors.

Within this section of the NCADD website, we offer valuable information about:

NCADD Affiliatesoffer a range of services including help for individuals and family members. If you are concerned about your own alcohol or other drug use or that of someone you care about—a child or other relative, a friend or co-worker—please make the contact. You will be able to speak to someone who will listen, assess your needs and provide information aboutavailable services, costs and how to deal with another person’s alcohol and/or drug use. Help is just a call or visit away—Make the contact now by calling Carlisle Barracks Substance Abuse Counseling Services at 245 – 4082.

For more information about NCADD, underage drinking, Alcohol Awareness Month and Alcohol-Free Weekend, visit the NCADD website at:

A special emphasis program will be held for Middle School and Teens titled

PA’s Tolerance for Underage Drinking is ZERO

Under 21 Know the Law – The choice you make today will impact your life tomorrow

April 9 4:30- 5:30 p.m. at the McConnell Youth Center. Contact Army Substance Abuse Program for additional information at 245 – 4576.

“Dr. G” shares tools for raising resilient kids

Dr. Deborah Gilboa, better known as “Dr. G” spoke in Bliss Hall March 19 and shared her five tools for raising resilient kids in the military.

“Kids need practice in order to develop resilience and that’s where you come in as parents,” she said. “The life of a military family brings with it many things like multiple moves, deployments of parents and PTSD that their peers in the civilian world don’t have to deal with.”

She said that developing resilience requires expressing emotion and the best way to teach kids is for their parents to explain and role model the behavior.

Her five tools for building resilience are:

  • Build Trust
  • Communicate and express your feelings
  • Share bad news
  • Pick a message and ask questions to make sure they understand
  • Accept emotion
  • Be emphatic and get to the truth
  • Move towards action
  • Don’t offer solutions and ask for options
  • Guide their plan
  • Stepping back helps kids become adults

The event was sponsored by the Army War College Military family Program and the Army War College Foundation.

Next Great Decisions event features Dr. David Lai addressing India Changes Course

“Great Decisions” is America's largest discussion program on world affairs.  Locally, Great Decisions features Army War College faculty’s expert insights in a weekly series of presentations with question-answer opportunities for the eight most critical issues facing America each year.

The presentation series is free and open to the military and civilian community, scheduled for Friday afternoons.  Six of eight events are at the United States Army Heritage and Education Center, 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle.  NOTE: The Feb. 20 and Feb. 27 will be at the Letort View Community Center on the main post.

 India Changes Course, Friday, Mar. 13, 1-3 p.m. at AHEC Speaker: Dr. David Lai 


 Fed up with corruption, dynastic policies and ineffective public services, Indian voters catapulted Narenda Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party to power in the country's 2014 elections. For voters, Modi embodied real change and an India that wasn't stumbling, but running, to greatness. But for the U.S., change in India brings its own set of unknowns, heralding an age ruled by a prime minister new to national office and other policymakers who have been out of the public eye for a decade. Now, the U.S. has to determine how to best secure its interests as India asserts itself on the world stage.

Dr. David Lai is a Research Professor of Asian Security Affairs at the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) of the U.S. Army War College (USAWC). Before joining SSI, Dr. Lai was on the faculty of the U.S. Air War College. Born and grown up in China, Lai witnessed China’s “Cultural Revolution,” its economic reform, and changes in China’s foreign relations, the most important of all, U.S.-China relations. Dr. Lai’s research and teaching cover U.S.-China and U.S.-Asian security relations. He has also made special contributions to the study of Chinese strategic thinking and operational art.

Brazil's Metamorphosis, Friday, Jan. 16, 1 - 3 p.m.
Speaker: Dr. Evan Ellis

Dr. Ellis's presentation can be found at:  Great
Decisions 2015


Human Trafficking in the 21st Century, Friday, Jan. 23, 1 -3 p.m.
Speaker: Prof Carol Horning, USAID visiting professor


Privacy in the digital Age, Friday, Jan. 30, 1 -3 p.m.
Speaker: Dr. G.K. Cunningham, Associate Provost, U.S. Army War College

Dr. Cunningham's presentation can be found on: Great Decisions 2015.


Sectarianism in the Middle East    Friday, Feb. 6, 1-3 p.m. at AHEC  
Speaker: Retired Col. Bob Hervey

Retired Col. Bob Hervey's  presentation can be found on: Great Decisions 2015.


Refugee Crisis   Friday, Feb. 13, 1-3 p.m. at AHEC  
Speaker: Dr. Larry Goodson Syria’s                 


Dr. Larry Goodson's presentation can be found on: Great Decisions 2015.


Russia and the Near Abroad Friday, Feb. 20, 1-3 p.m. at LVCC  
Speaker: Dr. Marybeth Ulrich


Dr. Ulrich's presentation can be found on: Great Decisions 2015.


U.S. Policy toward Africa, Friday, Feb. 27, 1-3 p.m.  at AHEC                       
Speaker: Col. Thomas E. Sheperd


 Col. Sheperd's presentation can be found on: Great Decisions 2015

               Check weather-related schedule changes, when necessary.

USAHEC Presents:  Reconsidering the American Way of War with Dr. Antulio Echevarria

March 10, 2015 -- Explore the disconnect between the popular ideas about the U.S. Military and their real practices from the Revolutionary War to current operations, with Dr. Antulio Echevarria at 7:15 p.m., Wednesdaay, March 18 at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pa. Dr. Echevarria will challenge the prevailing concepts of American warfighting over the past two and a half centuries, reviewing the “American way of war,” in a lecture based on his book, "Reconsidering the American Way of War".

 At the forefront of military strategic studies in the United States Army, Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria has pushed the boundaries of understanding the American way of war by challenging the prevailing strategic and operational practices of the United States military from 1775 to 2014. Dr. Echevarria presents the disconnect between popular ideas and real practices of the U.S. military by reviewing each major war and operation in which the U.S. Army has been involved, from the Revolutionary War to the campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. His review observes the American use of force and finds the American way of war is based primarily on political concerns, rather than military ones, and the amount of force used has not always been overwhelming or decisive. Dr. Echevarria’s lecture will address his shift in understanding of U.S. policy and will use Clausewitzian theory to show the U.S. military as an extension of American politics, as well as American policy.

Dr. Antulio Echevarria is the editor of the U.S. Army War College Quarterly, Parameters. Dr. Echevarria is the author of "Clausewitz and Contemporary War", "Imagining Future War", and "After Clausewit"z. He has published a number of other scholarly works on the topic of military history, theory, and strategic thinking. A retired lieutenant colonel, he formerly served as Director of Research for the U.S. Army War College and is a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and the U.S. Army War College. He served as a Visiting Research Fellow at Oxford University Changing Character of War Programme and holds Masters and Doctorate degrees in History from Princeton University.

All USAHEC lectures are open to the public and FREE to attend. Doors to the Visitor and Education Center will open at 6:30 p.m., and the lecture will begin at 7:15 p.m. Parking is free, books for a signing after the lecture will be for sale, and the Museum Store will be open. Map it: 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle 17013.  Visit:  or call 717-245-3972.

Work resumes on water tower, work expected to be complete by April 15

Work resumed today on the post water tower, with the focus on the interior coating of the tower. Once complete, the tower will undergo a final inspection and testing before it returns to service around April  15.

The project has made repairs to the existing elevated water storage tank that is located between Butler Road and Sumner Road. The tanks capacity is 200,000 gallons and was built by Chicago Bridge & Iron in the year 1937. Repair work has included safety upgrades, some foundation and structural repairs and protective coating repair to both the exterior and interior of the tank.

Spring is coming, so is Jim Thorpe Sports Days 2015


A colorful opening ceremony will kick off the Jim Thorpe Sports Days competition Thursday, April 23 at 5 p.m. on Carlisle Barracks’ historic Indian Field where Jim Thorpe and others once displayed the teamwork, discipline, and physical fitness that inspires the athletic games at Carlisle.

The colorful ceremony will include a 13-gun salute from the Pennsylvania Army National Guard; an Olympic-style walk-on with the athletes of every school; the National Anthem, welcome remarks from Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp, Army War College Commandant, a torch relay lap around the track, and lighting of the cauldron.

This year teams from the U.S. Army War College, National War College, the Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy and the Air War College will compete in the three-day competition with the winner awarded the Commandants’ Cup.

Sports events include golf, soccer, softball, volleyball, basketball, trap and skeet, men’s and women’s relays, cycling and a 5K run.

Students from these senior service schools average 22 years of military service and 42 years of age. Also competing are international officers from each of the schools.

Immediately following the torch lighting, the men’s and women’s one-mile relay team competition on the Indian Field track will begin.

The games will run from April 23-25 and a schedule will be posted at Scores and updates will be added throughout the games at

Why Jim Thorpe Sports Days?

Very early in its existence, organized physical exercise became a part of the Carlisle Indian School routine. The Jim Thorpe Gym, in use today, was built for the Indian School students' use.

The Carlisle Indian School first played collegiate football against Yale in 1896. Soon its teams were regularly playing Harvard, Johns Hopkins, Syracuse, Lehigh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Princeton. By 1897, Carlisle football was known throughout the country, a fame that garnered financial support. Baseball, track, and lacrosse teams were also well known. Some athletes were celebrated by the popular media, including Jim Thorpe, Charles 'Chief' Bender and Louis Tewanima -- and coaches and trainers, "Pop" Warner, Vance McCormick, and Wallace Denny.

Jim Thorpe, the school's greatest football and track and field athlete, won the decathlon and pentathlon at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm. Because of the accomplishments of Thorpe and long-distance runner Tewanima, the Indian School accumulated more points at the1912 Olympics than any college or university in the United States.

About Jim Thorpe

Jim Thorpe was born circa May 28, 1888, near current-day Prague, Oklahoma. An All-American in football at the Carlisle Indian School, he won the pentathlon and decathlon at the 1912 Olympics before his gold medals were revoked on a technicality. Thorpe played professional baseball and football, and sought an acting career after retiring from sports. He died on March 28, 1953, in Lomita, California.

Early Years and Schools

Jim Thorpe was born circa May 28, 1888, near current-day Prague, Oklahoma. A child of Sac and Fox and Potawatomi Indian bloodlines, as well as French and Irish roots, he was given the name Wa-Tho-Huk, meaning "Bright Path," but christened Jacobus Franciscus Thorpe.

Thorpe learned to hunt and trap prey at an early age, developing his legendary endurance via extensive excursions through Indian Territory. His aversion to the classroom was exacerbated by the early deaths of his twin brother and both parents, and his stints at the Haskell Institute in Kansas, the local Garden Grove school and the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania were marked by long bouts of truancy.

As a student at Carlisle in the spring of 1907, Thorpe joined a track-and-field practice session on campus. Clad in his work clothes, he launched himself over a 5'9" high bar to break the school record, catching the attention of coach Pop Warner. Thorpe soon became the star of the track program, and with his athletic skills he also enjoyed success in baseball, hockey, lacrosse and even ballroom dancing.

However, it was football that propelled Thorpe to national renown. Starring as a halfback, place kicker, punter and defender, Thorpe led his team to a surprise victory over top-ranked Harvard in November 1911, and fueled a blowout of West Point a year later. Carlisle went a combined 23-2-1 over the 1911-12 seasons, with Thorpe garnering All-American honors both times.

Olympic Glory and Downfall

Named to the U.S. team for the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm, Sweden, Thorpe burst out of the gate by winning four of five events to claim the gold medal in the pentathlon. A week later he overwhelmed the field in the decathlon, winning the high jump, the 110-meter hurdles and the 1,500 meters despite competing in a pair of mismatched shoes. Finishing the three-day event with a total of 8,412.95 points (of a possible 10,000), a mark that bested the runner-up by nearly 700 points, Thorpe was proclaimed by Sweden’s King Gustaf V to be the greatest athlete in the world.

Thorpe was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City as part of his hero’s welcome home. However, a newspaper report the following January revealed that the Olympic champion had been paid to play minor league baseball in 1909 and 1910. Despite his handwritten plea to the Amateur Athletic Union, Thorpe was stripped of his amateur eligibility and forced to return his gold medals, his historic performance stricken from the Olympic record books.

Professional Sports Career

In 1913, Thorpe married his college sweetheart, Iva Miller, and signed to play professional baseball with the New York Giants. Troubled by the curveball, Thorpe batted just .252 over a six-year big-league career with the Giants, Cincinnati Reds and Boston Braves, although he managed an impressive .327 average in his final year.

Thorpe made a much bigger impact in the early stages of pro football. He signed with the Canton Bulldogs for $250 per game in 1915, justifying the price tag by drawing massive audiences and leading the team to championships in 1916, '17 and '19. In 1920, the Bulldogs were among the 14 clubs that made up the American Professional Football Association -- soon to be renamed the National Football League -- with Thorpe serving as league president for a season. He went on to found the Oorang Indians, an all-Native American team that performed “war dances” and other rituals to entertain audiences, and also played for the NFL’s Cleveland Indians, Rock Island Independents, New York Giants and Chicago Cardinals through 1928.


Robert D. Martin, Public Affairs Office
Coast Guard’s top leader talks worldwide missions

 March 2, 2015 – The commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard discussed with Army War College students his strategic plan for the force in the 21stcentury.


Adm. Paul Zukunft, U.S. Coast Guard Commandant, spoke to an audience of Army War College students and faculty on the strategic trends facing the Coast Guard at Bliss Hall, Carlisle Barracks, March 2, 2015.

Admiral Paul Zukunft spoke to an audience of Army War College students and faculty on the strategic trends facing the United States for which the Coast Guard has responsibilities -- combating transnational organized crime, securing our borders, safe guarding commerce, cyber security and arctic operations – at Bliss Hall, Carlisle Barracks, March 2.  

 “I am also repositioning many of the ships that I have today that were doing other things last year,” said Zukunft, while speaking about transnational crime. “I am putting all of my eggs in the same basket so much so that in the first two months of the physical year 2015, we have removed more drugs in the Eastern Pacific than we did in in all of 2013,” Zukunft said.

Admiral Paul Zukunft assumed the duties of the 25th Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard on May 30, 2014. He leads the largest component of the Department of Homeland Security, composed of 88,000 personnel including active duty, reserve, civilian and auxiliary volunteers.

National Sleep Awareness Week March 02-March 08, 2015

How healthy are your  Sleep Habits?

Sleep Tools Tips >> Healthy Sleep Tips

Healthy sleep habits can make a big difference in your quality of life. Having healthy sleep habits is often referred to as having good “sleep hygiene.”

Try to keep the following sleep practices on a consistent basis:

  1. Stick to the same bedtime and wake up time, even on the weekends.

This helps to regulate your body's clock and could help you fall asleep and stay asleep for the night.

  1. Practice a relaxing bedtime ritual.

A relaxing, routine activity right before bedtime conducted away from bright lights helps separate your sleep time from activities that can cause excitement, stress or anxiety which can make it more difficult to fall asleep, get sound and deep sleep or remain asleep.

  1. Avoid naps, especially in the afternoon.

Power napping may help you get through the day, but if you find that you can't fall asleep at bedtime, eliminating even short catnaps may help.

  1. Exercise daily.

Vigorous exercise is best, but even light exercise is better than no activity. Exercise at any time of day, but not at the expense of your sleep.

  1. Evaluate your room.

Design your sleep environment to establish the conditions you need for sleep. Your bedroom should be cool – between 60 and 67 degrees. Your bedroom should also be free from any noise that can disturb your sleep. Finally, your bedroom should be free from any light. Check your room for noises or other distractions. This includes a bed partner's sleep disruptions such as snoring. Consider using blackout curtains, eye shades, ear plugs, "white noise" machines, humidifiers, fans and other devices.


  1. Sleep on a comfortable mattress and pillows.

Make sure your mattress is comfortable and supportive. The one you have been using for years may have exceeded its life expectancy – about 9 or 10 years for most good quality mattresses. Have comfortable pillows and make the room attractive and inviting for sleep but also free of allergens that might affect you and objects that might cause you to slip or fall if you have to get up during the night.

  1. Use bright light to help manage your circadian rhythms.

 Avoid bright light in the evening and expose yourself to sunlight in the morning. This will keep your circadian rhythms in check.

  1. Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and heavy meals in the evening.

Alcohol, cigarettes and caffeine can disrupt sleep. Eating big or spicy meals can cause discomfort from indigestion that can make it hard to sleep. It is good to finish eating at least 2-3 hours before bedtime.

  1. Wind down. Your body needs time to shift into sleep mode, so spend the last hour before bed doing a calming activity such as reading.

For some people, using an electronic device such as a laptop can make it hard to fall asleep, because the particular type of light emanating from the screens of these devices is activating to the brain. If you have trouble sleeping, avoid electronics before bed or in the middle of the night.

  1. If you can't sleep, go into another room and do something relaxing until you feel tired.

It is best to take work materials, computers and televisions out of the sleeping environment. Use your bed only for sleep and sex to strengthen the association between bed and sleep. If you associate a particular activity or item with anxiety about sleeping, omit it from your bedtime routine.


If you’re still having trouble sleeping, don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor or to find a sleep professional. You may also benefit from recording your sleep in a Sleep Diary to help you better evaluate common patterns or issues you may see with your sleep or sleeping habits. 

For more information contact:

Dunham U.S. Army Health Clinic Internal Behavioral Health Consultant (717) 961-2047 or

Dunham U.S Army Wellness Center (717) 245-4004


















What you need to know: Inhalant abuse prevention    

Administered by the Alliance for Consumer Education

National Inhalants & Poisons Awareness Week  March 15-21, 2015

So What is Inhalant Abuse?

Inhalant abuse refers to the deliberate inhalation or sniffing of common products found in homes and communities with the purpose of “getting high.” Inhalants are easily accessible, legal, everyday products. When used as intended, these products have a useful purpose in our lives and enhance the quality of life, but when intentionally misused, they can be deadly. Inhalant Abuse is a lesser recognized form of substance abuse, but it is no less dangerous. Inhalants are addictive and are considered to be “gateway” drugs because children often progress from inhalants to illegal drug and alcohol abuse. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that one in five American teens have used Inhalants to get high.

This information is to be used as a resource to inform individuals about what to look for in regards to appropriately target inhalant abuse and prevent it from happening.

Statistical Data in the U.S.

So, how prevalent is Inhalant Abuse in the United States?

  • Over 2.6 million children, aged 12 – 17, use an Inhalant each year to get high.
  • 1 in 4 students in America has intentionally abused a common household product to get high by the time they reach the eighth grade.
  • Inhalants tend to be the drug that is tried first by children.
  • “Sniffing” and “huffing” can begin at age 10 or younger.
  • 59% of children are aware of friends huffing at age 12.
  • Inhalants are the fourth most-abused substance after alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana.
  • The number of lives claimed by Inhalant Abuse each year is unknown because these deaths often are attributed to other causes.

These facts are stunning. We must join together as a community of concerned parents, friends, family and even the daily passer by, to stop inhalant abuse before it starts.

To learn more about what you can do to help in this fight against inhalant abuse, click here for more resources about programs and additional information.

What Products Can be Abused?

There are more than a 1,400 products which are potentially dangerous when inhaled, such as typewriter correction fluid, air conditioning coolant, gasoline, propane, felt tip markers, spray paint, air freshener, butane, cooking spray, paint, and glue. Most are common products that can be found in the home, garage, office, school or as close as the local convenience store. The best advice for consumers is to read the labelsbefore using a product to ensure the proper method is observed. It is also recommended that parents discuss the product labels with their children at age-appropriate times.

ViewInhalant Types to find out about the many products that are being used for Inhalant Abuse.

Huffing, Sniffing, Dusting & Bagging

So what exactly do those terms mean?

Inhalation is referred to ashuffing, sniffing, dusting orbagging and generally occurs through the nose or mouth. Huffing is when a chemically soaked rag is held to the face or stuffed in the mouth and the substance is inhaled. Sniffing can be done directly from containers, plastic bags, clothing or rags saturated with a substance or from the product directly. With Bagging, substances are sprayed or deposited into a plastic or paper bag and the vapors are inhaled. This method can result in suffocation because a bag is placed over the individual’s head, cutting off the supply of oxygen.

Other methods used include placing inhalants on sleeves, collars, or other items of clothing that are sniffed over a period of time. Fumes are discharged into soda cans and inhaled from the can or balloons are filled with nitrous oxide and the vapors are inhaled. Heating volatile substances and inhaling the vapors emitted is another form of inhalation. All of these methods are potentially harmful or deadly. Experts estimate that there are several hundred deaths each year from Inhalant Abuse, although under-reporting is still a problem.




Read more: Dangers & Effects caused by Inhalant Abuse

The Inhalant user will initially feel slightly stimulated and, after successive inhalations, will feel less inhibited and less in control. Hallucinations may occur and the user can lose
consciousness. Worse, he or she, may even die. Please see Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome below.

Long-term Inhalant users generally suffer from:

weight loss, muscle weakness, disorientation, inattentiveness, lack of coordination, irritability and depression. Different Inhalants produce different harmful effects, and regular abuse of these substances can result in serious harm to vital organs. Serious, but potentially reversible, effects include liver and kidney damage. Harmful irreversible effects include: hearing loss, limb spasms, bone marrow and central nervous system (including brain) damage.

Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome:

Children can die the first time, or any time, they try an Inhalant. This is known as Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome. While it can occur with many types of Inhalants, it is particularly associated with the abuse of air conditioning coolant, butane, propane, electronics and the chemicals in some aerosol products. Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome is usually associated with cardiac arrest. The Inhalant causes the heart to beat rapidly and erratically, resulting in cardiac arrest.

Warning Signs

1. Include Inhalant Abuse in substance abuse discussions with your child:

First, parents should arm themselves with as much information about Inhalant Abuse as possible. Know what products are potentially harmful if intentionally abused as Inhalants. Learn what slang words are used to describe Inhalants and the act of Inhaling. Go to the various web directory and read as much information as possible. Ask your pediatrician to tell you about inhalant abuse and ask if he or she has had any experience dealing with children that have abused Inhalants.

One of the most important steps you can take is to talk with your children at an appropriate but early age, about not experimenting with Inhalants. In addition, talk with your children’s friends, teachers, guidance counselors and coaches. By discussing this problem openly and stressing the deadly consequences of Inhalant Abuse, you may help save a life.


2. Know the warning signs:

If someone is an Inhalant Abuser, some or all of these symptoms may be evident:
– Drunk, dazed, or dizzy appearance
– Slurred or disoriented speech
– Uncoordinated physical symptoms
– Red or runny eyes and nose
– Spots and/or sores around the mouth
– Unusual breath odor or chemical odor on clothing
– Signs of paint or other products where they wouldn’t normally be, such as on face, lips, nose or fingers
– Nausea and/or loss of appetite
– Chronic Inhalant Abusers may exhibit symptoms such as hallucinations, anxiety, excitability, irritability, restlessness or anger.

3. Recognize other telltale behavior signs of Inhalant Abusers:

– Painting fingernails with magic markers or correction fluid
– Sitting with a pen or marker by the nose
– Constantly smelling clothing sleeves
– Showing paint or stain marks on face, fingers or clothing
– Having numerous butane lighters and refills in room, backpack or locker (when the child does not smoke)
– Hiding rags, clothes or empty containers of the potentially abused products in closets, under the bed, in garage etc.

4. Know what to do in case of an emergency:

-First, stay calm, do not excite or argue with the abuser while they are under the influence.
- If the person is unconscious or not breathing —call for help immediately. CPR should be administered until help arrives.
- If the person is conscious, keep them calm and in a well-ventilated area.
- Do not leave the person alone.
- Activity, excitement or stress may cause heart problems or lead to “Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome”.
- Check for clues, try to find out what was used as the inhalant. Tell the proper authorities.
- Seek professional help for the abuser through a counselor, school nurse, physician, teacher, clergy, or coach.
- Be a good listener.


For additional information go to: or contact the Army Substance Abuse Office at 245 – 4576.

Inspection team gives high marks for Carlisle Barracks cemetery

A member of the  Army National Military Cemeteries team takes a photo of one of the headstones at the Carlisle Barracks cemetery during a recent inspection. The team gave the Carlisle Barracks team high praise for their work at the cemetery.  

Carlisle Barracks recently received high praise from a national inspection team who specializes in military cemeteries for their work and dedication to preserving the dignity and history on the Carlisle Indian Industrial School and servicemembers buried in the Carlisle Barracks Cemetery.

An inspection team from the Army National Military Cemeteries came to Carlisle Barracks for a week an inspected nine major areas and 36 specific items ranging from the technical aspects of the cemetery administration and operations to the actual physical appearance of the site.

At the end of the week, the team briefed their finding to post leadership and singled out the team here for a number of best practices, including how turf and mulch is used to help protect the headstones and their efforts in sharing the historical significance of the cemetery and the Carlisle Indian School.

The team did identity some materials that can be used to help clean the existing headstones, a need to bump and realign a number of them and will provide some back-up headstones in the event a stone needs to be replaced.

The group also recommended additional signage and to construct a walkway to the cemetery for visitors. The Public Works department is currently developing plans for both.

Pakistan's Chief, Inter-Services Intelligence returns to Army War College

March 3, 2015 -- Pakistan's Lt. Gen. Rizwan Akhtar visited his alma mater, the U.S. Army War College, on Wed, Feb. 25  to meet with the Commandant and his former Seminar 3 faculty instructor team.  A graduate of the USAWC Class of 2008, the general is now Chief of the Inter-Services Intelligence, or "ISI," of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan where he assumed his position in November of 2014.

"We were honored the general would take time out of his worldwide visit schedule to provide an open forum for questions and answers to a capacity crowd in the Will-Washcoe Auditorium," said Prof. Michael Marra.  "The general was candid, sincere and very engaging in his viewpoints on stability in the Pakistan/Afghanistan region." 

(l-r) Prof. Mike Marra, Dr. Marybeth Ulrich, Pakistani Lt. Gen. Rizwan Akhtar, Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp and Prof. Ed Filiberti enjoy the camaraderie of shared experience.

His visit continued over lunch with Commandant Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp and the Seminar 3 Faculty Team: professors Ed Filiberti, Mary Beth Ulrich and Mike Marra.

Akhtar thanked the entire Army War College team for preparing him to take on his new position as a strategic leader, and for the opportunity to reinforce the strong bonds with many of his friends and professional colleagues at Carlisle.

In academic year 2008, the Army War College resident student body included 43 international officers within a total of 340 US and foreign military officers and citizens with selected US agencies.  The visiting officers, immersed in American culture for the year of graduate study, are considered international 'fellows' because of their unique contributions to their U.S. counterparts.  The class of 2016 is expected to include 80 international officers.