Banner Archive for March 2013

By Nick Simeone, American Forces Press Service
Hagel announces fewer furlough days for civilians

WASHINGTON, March 28, 2013 - The Defense Department has revised from 22 to 14 the number of days hundreds of thousands of civilian employees could be furloughed this year because of the budget sequester, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced today.

In addition, a senior Defense Department official speaking on background told reporters the start of the furloughs will be delayed until mid-to-late June, after more than 700,000 department employees receive furlough notices now set to go out in early May. Furloughs would happen over seven two-week pay periods until the end of September, when the current fiscal year ends, the senior official said, with employees likely to be told not to come to work for two days during each of those pay periods.

Department officials say they are still working to determine which employees might be exempted.

Hagel characterized the reduced furloughs as well as a revised estimate of sequestration's impact on the defense budget as good news. The changes follow Congressional approval last week of a defense appropriations bill that prevented an additional six billion dollars in cuts, ordered under sequestration, from taking effect.

"It reduces a shortfall at least in the operations budget," the secretary told reporters at a Pentagon news conference. "We came out better than we went in under the sequester, where it looks like our number is $41 billion [in cuts] now versus the $46 billion."

But despite a Congressional reprieve, Hagel said the Pentagon is still going to be short at least $22 billion for operations and maintenance, "and that means we are going to have to prioritize and make some cuts and do what we've got to do," including making sharp reductions in base operating support and training for nondeployed units.

More critical in the long run, he said, is how budget cuts will affect readiness and the department's overall mission. Because of that concern, he said he has directed Deputy Defense Secretary Ash Carter and Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to conduct an intensive department-wide review of U.S. strategic interests including how to protect the nation with fewer resources. "How do we prioritize the threats and then the capabilities required to deal with threats?" he said. "There will be some significant changes, there's no way around it."

Dempsey said the department has already exhausted 80 percent of its operating funds halfway through the fiscal year and characterized the current budget situation as "not the deepest, but the steepest decline in our budget ever," and warned it will affect military readiness into the future.

"We will have to trade at some level and to some degree our future readiness for current operations," the chairman said. He called on elected leaders to give the Pentagon the budget flexibility it needs to carry out institutional reforms.

"We can't afford excess equipment," Dempsey said. "We can't afford excess facilities. We have to reform how we buy weapons and services. We have to reduce redundancy. And we've got to change, at some level, our compensation structure." 



DoD reduces number of furlough days


UPDATE as of March 28-- 11:42 A.M.


The Defense Department has revised from 22 to 14 the number of days hundreds of thousands of civilian employees could be furloughed this year because of the budget sequester, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced today.

In addition, a senior Defense Department official speaking on background told reporters the start of the furloughs will be delayed until mid-to-late June, after more than 700,000 department employees receive furlough notices now set to go out in early May. Furloughs would happen over seven two-week pay periods until the end of September, when the current fiscal year ends, the senior official said, with employees likely to be told not to come to work for two days during each of those pay periods.

Department officials say they are still working to determine which employees might be exempted.

Hagel characterized the reduced furloughs as well as a revised estimate of sequestration's impact on the defense budget as good news. The changes follow Congressional approval last week of a defense appropriations bill that prevented an additional six billion dollars in cuts, ordered under sequestration, from taking effect.

"It reduces a shortfall at least in the operations budget," the secretary told reporters at a Pentagon news conference. "We came out better than we went in under the sequester, where it looks like our number is $41 billion [in cuts] now versus the $46 billion."

The Army War College will host a town hall meeting in the future to address the furloughs.

UPDATE as of 3:08 this afternoon

The Department of Defense has decided to delay the issuance of  civilian employee furlough notices for approximately two weeks.  This delay  will allow the department to carefully analyze the impact of pending  continuing resolution legislation on the department's resources.  We have not made any decisions on whether or not the total number of planned furlough days  for fiscal 2013 will change as a result of this delay.

We believe the delay is a responsible step to take in order to  assure our civilian employees that we do not take lightly the prospect of  furloughs and the resulting decrease in employee pay.           

Carlisle Barracks Town Hall

Today,  March 21, Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, commanding general of the U.S. Army War College, spoke with the civilian employees and supervisors of Carlisle Barracks in a town hall meeting.

Leadership of the Army War College and Carlisle Barracks organizations have planned for the possibility of furlough of DoD civilian employees.  The town hall meeting communicated the planning to those who would be affected if the Army issues guidance to furlough.  Responsible planning for the possible furlough is intended to clarify how a furlough if implemented would affect DoD civilian workers, and in turn the changes in schedules and services for the workforce, base residents, and the Reserve, National Guard, and Military Retired personnel, and community who frequent Carlisle Barracks.

The town hall meeting was provided for informational purpose only. No action has been taken to issue any notice of proposed furlough to employees.

IF  the Department of Defense implements a Civilian Furlough, it will be to help DoD meet funding reductions associated with sequestration.

Given the possibility of a furlough of DoD Civilians, Maj. Gen. Cucolo outlined command priorities:   first, to maintain the health and safety of residents, workforce, and those who frequent our post and its services; and, to execute the U.S. Army War College core educational mission effectively and efficiently; to communicate to the workforce quickly and accurately; and to apply policies consistently throughout our organizations with equivalent impact across the workforce.

IF a DoD Civilian Furlough were to be enacted,  impact on employees of Carlisle Barracks includes --

  • Civilian Employees paid by DoD appropriate funds would be required to take 22 days of leave without pay, i.e., furlough days before September 30, 2103
  • Individual impact would be a 20 percent salary cut for 5.5 months
  • Employees to be furloughed would receive a 30-day Notification of Proposed Furlough letter
  • Approximately 700 civilian employees would be affected, out of the 1700-person workforce (includes military faculty and staff, Army War College students, and Morale, Welfare and Recreation workers)
  • Exemptions:  civilians in the International Fellows Office and full/part/flex time workers in Morale Welfare Recreation jobs
  • Furlough days at Carlisle Barracks would be the 1st day of the work week
  • Specific furlough days may be adjusted due to mission requirements on a case-by-case basis
  • Benefits tied to salary will be affected, e.g., TSP contributions to retirement, and leave earned.

IF a DoD Civilian Furlough were to be enacted, schedules and services would change –

  • Ashburn Gate – to close daily; all traffic routed through Claremont Gate
  • Firefighters will maintain continued 24/7 presence with reduced capability/capacity, and with greater reliance on local volunteer fire companies
  • Dunham Army Health Clinic – to close Mondays
  • Carlisle Barracks Commissary -- to close Wednesdays [in addition to the current Monday closures for stocking]
  • Legal assistance/ claims -  to suspend Monday services
  • Military retiree services and ID card services --  to close Mondays
  • Army Education Center --  to close Mondays
  • Army Community Service, Substance Abuse Program – to close Mondays
  • Army Family Housing – to close Mondays
  • Civilian Personnel Office – to close Mondays
  • Garrison Headquarters – to close Mondays

Army War College classes continue with schedule to accommodate DoD Civilian students and Civilian faculty, who would be subject to furlough.

Military personnel and contractors’ are not affected by a possible furlough.

IF a DoD Civilian Furlough were to be enacted,hours for the gyms, pool, bowling center, auto/crafts shop may change.

IF and when the Department of Defense decides to implement the furlough, a follow-on media advisory will update timeline and service impacts.

In planning for a possible furlough, supervisors and the Civilian Personnel Office are prepared to guide employees.  The resource for Administrative Furlough Guidance and Procedures:

What’s next?  Secretary of the Army guidance for decision & date to issue Notices of Proposed Furlough to individual employees; supervisors would issue letters and 30 days later, supervisors issue Decision letters to employees.

By Tom Conning

ACS social worker: experience, credentials, tirelessness

After 22 years as an Army spouse, Kelly Villalobos has been through five long-term separations from her husband including four deployments, lived at nine duty stations, and moved 14 times.

“I’ve been married to the Army for 22 years,” said Villalobos. Of those 22 years, she has spent 21 years working in the Army’s Family Advocacy Program.  Villalobos began her Family Advocacy Program career in Panama in 1992, after earning a master’s degree in clinical social work from the University of Maryland in 1991. Panama was hectic, she said.  “I was the only social worker for 10 thousand people,” said Villalobos. “Everything that came in, in the middle of the night, I handled from sexual assault to child abuse to domestic violence to basic mental health issues.”

Villalobos is uniquely qualified for her position at Carlisle Barracks, according to her former supervisor at Ft. Hood. “I have personally witnessed her interventions and advocacy on behalf of victims of domestic violence and for families with special needs – she is tireless and formidable,” said James Minto, Supervisory Social Worker. “She has personal experience with exceptional needs, as well as extensive training and knowledge.”

“The Carlisle Barracks community is most fortunate to have Kelly serve them.”

At Carlisle Barracks, Villalobos serves the community as manager of these programs:  Exceptional Family Member Program, Family Advocacy, Sexual Assault Response Coordinating and Victim Advocacy.

Kelly Villalobos is the ACS manager for Family Advocacy, Sexual Assault Response Coordinating, the Exceptional Family Member Program and Victim Advocacy on Carlisle Barracks. She has spent 21 years dealing with military family advocacy issues.

Villalobos brings to the ACS job considerable education and experience in military family advocacy and personal knowledge of Army living. “To understand why it’s stressful is one thing, but to understand what the stressors are is another thing,” Villalobos said. “I have a genuine empathy for people who are in the military because I know what it’s like to have to pack and get used to just being in one place and having to pick up and move again.”

Prior to moves, Villalobos recommends that Exceptional Family Member Program families contact her so she can help ease the transition to the new location.

Villalobos knows what it’s like to use the resources that she recommends for military families. Her family uses the Exceptional Family Member Program and she understands how to maneuver the system and find resources, she said.

“Ms. Villalobos relates especially well with spouses of Soldiers … I enjoyed her sense of humor, appreciated her work ethic, and respected her tremendous desire to serve and grow as a clinical social worker,” said Minto.

As the Exceptional Family Member Program manager, she provides resources to helpactive-duty personnel with children and sponsored relatives who have specialized needs or disabilities, including ADD, diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, autism, cerebral palsy and others, find the best public education and housing options available. Support extends to active-duty and active-reserve personnel.

As a victim advocate, Villalobos supports victims of spousal abuse, with crisis intervention, assistance in securing medical treatment for injuries, information on legal rights and proceedings, referral to military and civilian shelters and other resources. The victim advocate will advise about options for restrictive and unrestrictive reporting. Support extends to active and active-reserve personnel, DOD civilians and their spouses.

As a family advocate, she works to prevent and intervene in cases of family distress and to promote healthy family life. Support extends to active-duty and active-reserve personnel.

As the Sexual Assault Response Coordinator, Villalobos advisesvictims of their options for restricted and unrestricted reporting of sexual assault. Additionally, the coordinator advises leaders, and guides Soldiers through mandatory training in their roles and responsibilities when they are informed of a sexual assault.

Anyone interested in these programs should contact Kelly Villalobos at 717-245-3775.

2013 Great Decisions lecture Series in review



Friday, March 22, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center

"Egypt" by Dr. Larry Goodson, U.S. Army War College

View this lecture on Youtube:

The largest and most important Arab country, Egypt has long been the bellwether of the Arab World—as it goes, so goes the region.  To the region and to the United States, which has counted Egypt as a key ally since the Camp David Accords of 1978, the Arab Spring that began in December 2010 in Tunisia has produced its most important change in Egypt.  Yet, Egypt’s changes have been problematic.  The Tahrir Revolution of 2011 called for a toppling of the old regime’s corrupt business elites and moribund military leaders, but when relatively free elections finally occurred in 2012 it was the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists who took over the political leadership of the country. 

Three important questions deserve attention.  First, can political Islamists such as Mohamed Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood, and the Al Nour Party achieve the democratic aspirations of the demonstrators of Tahrir Square, or will their Islamist leanings undercut their commitment to democracy (or perhaps despite their best efforts they will not be able to overcome the entrenched old elites)?  That is, can true political reform occur in Egypt, and if so, what will the new polity look like?  Second, the Egyptian economy has long been stagnant and struggling.  Can the new leaders build a new and prosperous Egyptian economy for its 84 million, mostly young population?  Third, can Egypt’s new Islamist political leaders still maintain a peaceful relationship with Israel, as well as a positive relationship with the United States?Great Decisions is the publication of the Foreign Policy Association.



Friday, March 15, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center

"Threat Assessment" by Professor Frank L. Jones, U.S. Army War College

View this Lecture on Youtube:

Professor Frank L. Jones of the U.S. Army War College discussed several current threats to U.S. security, which range from the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to pandemics. In examining this topic, he explored the nature of threats, the challenges in assessing their impact on security, and the relationship between threats and U.S. national interests and policy objectives. 



Friday, March 8, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center                

"China in Africa" by Colonel Thomas E. Sheperd, U.S. Army War College

View this lecture on Youtube:


African economies are booming, thanks in large part to China. China is investing in infrastructure projects to help it tap into the continent's resources--oil, minerals, and its hugh agricultural potential. Critics charge China with cozying up to dictators and ignoring issues of human rights and transparency. Others fear that the U.S. is being left behind, and its influence in Africa waning. The lectures are free and are open to all USAWC students, staff and faculty, the Carlisle Barracks Community and the public. Come early and enjoy lunch at AHEC's Cafe Cumberland.What interests govern China’s engagement in Africa? Should China’s growing emphasis on political ties and natural resource extraction inform U.S. relations with African nations?




Friday, Feb. 22, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center  

"Iran" by Dr. Christopher J. Bolan, U.S. Army War College

View this lecture on Youtube

Dr. Chris Bolan, a former Middle East policy advisor to Vice Presidents Gore and Cheney, addressed the security challenges associated with “Iran.” What accounts for the troubled history of U.S.-Iranian relations? What are key U.S. and Iranian strategic interests in the region? What are the policy options for U.S. leaders as they struggle to deal with Iran’s improving nuclear capabilities? Is a diplomatic resolution possible or is conflict inevitable? 




Friday, Feb. 15, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center

"Humanitarian Intervention" by Professor Allen D. Raymond, U.S. Army War College   

View this lecture on Youtube

Professor Raymond discussed "Humanitarian Intervention" and related contemporary issues such as the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), the Responsibility While Protecting (RwP), the Protection of Civilians (PoC), and Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO). He summarized arguments for and against humanitarian intervention based upon recent experiences such as Libya and Syria. Additionally, he examined military activities that can prevent or respond to humanitarian crises." The “responsibility to protect” doctrine has become central to modern humanitarian intervention. When should the international community intervene? Why did the West rush to intervene in Libya but not Syria?




Friday, Feb. 8, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center

"Myanmar and Southeast Asia" by Retired Colonel Kevin E. Richards, U.S. Army War College

View this lecture on youtube:

Col. Richards discussed Burma being in the midst of a surprising turn from a military dominated government towards democracy.  How the transition has caught many experts by surprise and may well be the most significant event in South and Southeast Asia in decades.  He discussed the reasons why the transition is occurring now, what outside influences have caused the Burmese government to act now and what actions if any the U.S. should take to aid that country in its political transition and more.


Friday, Feb. 1, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center        
"NATO" by Professor Raymond A. Millen, U.S. Army War College

View this lecture on youtube

Professor Millen discussed the origins and evolution of NATO and explained why the Alliance is the most successful and enduring in history. Despite frequent predictions of its demise, NATO has endured crisis after crisis. To understand this unique phenomenon compared to other alliances, Professor Millen explored the key aspects of NATO's development. 


Friday, Jan. 18, 2013, 1-3 p.m., AHEC Visitor and Education Center

"Future of the Euro" by Professor Jef Troxell, U.S. Army War College

View this lecture on youtube:

Professor Troxell discussed how the 2008 global recession contributed to the development of the euro crisis. How the health of the euro affects and is affected by the state of the global economy, and how European Union leaders can prevent the collapse of the common currency?



The lectures are sponsored by the Carlisle Chapter of the Association of the U.S. Army.






By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
DOD looks at funding's effect on personnel, programs

WASHINGTON, March 27, 2013 - Defense Department officials are looking at the recently signed continuing resolution that funds the government for the rest of the fiscal year to discern how the legislation affects personnel and programs, Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said today.

The legislation may mean fewer furlough days for defense civilian employees.

"The full range of options is on the table," Little said. "Our current stand is that we are going to have to take a look still at the prospect of furloughs. I'm not prepared to say we are going to zero. I'm not going to say we are going to depart from our current plan, either."

Before the funding measure, officials had planned for DOD's civilian employees, with few exceptions, to have 22 unpaid furlough days by the Sept. 30 end of the fiscal year.

Since the continuing resolution passed, Pentagon officials have been sorting through furloughs and "a whole range of other matters," Little said.

"The CR doesn't solve all of our problems to be sure," he added, "but furloughs are a consideration."

The department is looking at a range of options, Little said. When the funding measure seemed imminent, DOD officials delayed sending notification letters to employees so they could consider the continuing resolution's implications. This also delayed the point at which the furloughs could begin.

Officials now say those letters will be distributed on or about April 5, with civilian employees poised to lose a day's pay each week beginning May 5, instead of beginning April 26, as previously planned. This could reduce total furlough days for each employee to 20.

The continuing resolution that President Barack Obama signed yesterday may cut the number of furlough days even more, Little said, but it's too soon to know.

"We're looking at a number of options inside the additional money we received as a result of the continuing resolution," he said. "I can't say at this point that we are going to forego furloughs altogether, and I can't say at this stage that we're going to amend our expected policy to furlough civilian employees."

Pentagon officials have to look at a number of considerations with respect to this money, Little explained, as they must look at competing needs in the defense budget and "balance all those and see what makes sense."

When sequestration triggered March 1, it mandated across-the-board cuts. The continuing resolution puts $10.4 billion back into the budget, Little said.

"It is conceivable that furloughs could be part of that equation," he added, as the extra money does give the department some flexibility.

The continuing resolution also reinstates tuition assistance for service members. "We will comply with the recently enacted legislation to provide tuition assistance to all service members across all the services," Little said.

Service members wishing to join the program may do so, Little said, adding that he expects no cuts in the program this year.

"We intend to resume the program the way it was before suspension," he said.

By Tom Conning

Top librarian retires after three decades

After three decades of service on Carlisle Barracks and many contributions to the community, Bohdan Kohutiak, Army War College Library director, is retiring. He spent 30 of his 38 years as a federal employee on Carlisle Barracks and 25 years as the library director.

Bohdan Kohutiak, Army War College Library director, digs a hole for a Japanese Maple Tree that faculty and staff donated on his behalf, Mar. 22. Kohutiak has worked on Carlisle Barracks for the past 30 years and is retiring on Apr. 2.

Bohdan is leaving a legacy of consistent leadership and managerial expertise, said Dr. Lance Betros, Army War College Provost. “The Library is an essential resource for students and faculty,” he said. “It is, first and foremost, a repository of knowledge on national security issues. It provides a welcoming venue for intellectual pursuits of all types, but especially reading, researching, and writing.”

Because of this legacy, faculty and staff of The War College donated a Japanese Maple Tree on Kohutiak’s behalf, which he planted Mar. 22, almost on top of the library. Kohutiak planted the tree by Root Hall’s western patio, across from Upton Hall.

Kohutiak’s retirement ceremony will be held Apr. 2 in the Library at 2:30 p.m.

By Paul Tressler, Knowledge Management Officer
USAWC Knowledge Network open for business

Looking for a way to stay connected to Army War College experts, publications and more? Thanks to a new initiative you can stay easily connected via the Army War College Knowledge Network at

The Knowledge Network to provide access to USAWC Subject Matter Expertise and to all publications found in the War College library.

What can you do with The War College Knowledge Network?

•   Quickly search student, staff and faculty accounts for subject matter expertise

•   Stay informed of USAWC newly published research 

•   Collaborate with strategic leaders

By using a standard taxonomy, users are able to receive faster and more complete results when searching.

The KN is a role based access application that is currently available to:

-   All Alumni to include International Fellows 

-   All Resident and Distance Education Students

-  Civilian Academia

-  USAWC Staff and Faculty

-  Military Members

-  Federal Civilian Employees

-  Federal Contractors

-  Public Sector

-  Army War College Fellows

To request access and become a member of the KN visit and complete your profile. After requesting an account, building and quantifying your expertise members will:

•   Receive a welcome email that contains a link to the content in War College library that corresponds to their expertise

•    Access the link, review the libraries latest content on your area of expertise

•   May subscribe to an RSS feed to published content that interests you

•  Subscribing to the RSS feed ensures network members are automatically notified when new content is entered into the library keeping you up to date with the most current War College research.

2013 Carlisle Barracks Women's History Month

Women's History Month celebrates women who shaped history


Across the Army War College campus are students, staff and faculty whose experiences have shaped recent history - in the U.S. Air Force and Army, and more.  Many found themselves as "the first woman" in varied roles but none sought that distinction.  Their intent was to be members of the team.


Nikki Griffin Olive: Short-range Air Defense Artillery battalion commander

Lieutenant Colonel Nikki L. Griffin Olive, an Active Reserve and U.S. Army War College student.

Commissioned as an Army Signal officer in 1990, Griffin Olive served eight years on active duty in various Army units, with the past 14 years in the Reserve Component.

In 22 years of service, she has held leadership positions as a platoon leader, executive officer, battery commander, brigade S3, and battalion commander.

In 1995, she was one of the first females assigned to 1-5 Air Defense Artillery Battalion (Stinger Missile) at Fort Stewart, Ga., and the 1-5 Air Defense Artillery Battalion (later reflagged as 1-3 Air Defense Artillery Battalion), a combat arms battalion.

After a year as the signal officer for the battalion, she was selected to command 1-5 ADA Headquarters and Headquarters Battery (Headhunter Battery), which provided combat service support and global broadcast for the Forward Area Air Defense Command Control Communications and Intelligence Stinger Missile Battalion for 3d Infantry Division.

With 3d Infantry Division’s high OPTEMPO, Griffin Olive rotated three times through the National Training Center, executed numerous Victory and Marne Focus exercises, and served in the division during the reflag from the 24th Infantry Division to the 3d Infantry Division.

“Serving and commanding in the Air Defense Artillery Battalion, while challenging, was one of the highlights of my still on-going military career,” said Griffin Olive. “I was honored to serve with some of the brightest and hardest working Soldiers and officers in the Army.”


Marybeth Ulrich: full professor at the Army War College

Dr. Marybeth Ulrich, among the first wave of women to attend the Air Force Academy graduating in 1984, is currently the Professor of Government in the U.S. Army War College’s Department of National Security and Strategy.

Ulrich served as a navigator on air refueling tankers in the Strategic Air Command. Sponsored by the Air Force to earn a PhD, she taught Political Science to cadets at the Air Force Academy. She continues her military service as a colonel in the Air Force Reserve and is currently the Reserve Air Attaché to the Russian Federation, as well as an Air Force Academy Liaison Officer.

Joining the Army War College faculty in 1999, Ulrich was the first woman to be hired as a Title-10 civilian professor and then became the first woman and the youngest person to earn the rank of full professor in 2005.

“I entered USAFA just as the first women were graduating. The Academy was still adapting to our presence,” said Ulrich. “It was very much a ‘fish bowl’ environment for the women since we made up only 10 percent of the class and we were dispersed among the 40 cadet squadrons. The Academy tried not to change its program because of the women, so initially women were required to take wrestling in Physical Education, the Jody calls were not cleaned up right away, and there were very few women on the staff and faculty.

“Overall, I would not trade my experience at the Academy and the follow-on experiences that it made possible,” said Ulrich. “Knowing that I was able to complete such a rigorous program as a distinguished graduate is a source of pride that I have drawn on my entire professional career.”

“It has been very satisfying to watch the barriers to women in the military fall, from aircraft opening up over the years, to the recent repeal of the women in combat barriers.

“It has been especially interesting to watch the services’ future women leaders pass through the War College these past 14 years knowing that their opportunities will only continue to grow,” said Ulrich.


Stephanie Williams: Combat Tactics Instructor Pilot, Advanced Airlift Tactics Training Center

Lieutenant Colonel Stephanie Williams, U.S. Air Force Academy graduate and pilot, is currently a U. S. Army War College student.

Williams was 10 years old when she knew she wanted to fly airplanes and serve in the military. “The Air Force allowed me to do both,” she said. Today, Williams is a veteran of Operations Southern Watch, Joint Forge, Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom.

After graduating from the Air Force Academy she spent nine years on active duty flying C-130s all over the world. “Thanks to the opportunities in the Air Reserve Component, I was able to continue serving and flying, first part-time in the Missouri Air National Guard and later full-time in the Air Force Reserve,” she said. “I also spent time in Depot Flight test and at a MAJCOM staff.”

In 1996, Williams was the first woman aircraft commander to graduate from the aircrew course at the Advanced Airlift Tactics Training Center in Saint Joseph, Mo. In 2002, she became AATTC's first woman Combat Tactics Instructor Pilot, and in 2009, she was the first woman pilot assigned to the 339th Flight Test Squadron when she was selected as the Director of Operations.

“Women entered combat aircraft shortly after I earned my wings, so I had the privilege of watching that first group of women to fly fighter aircraft pave the way as true pioneers for those women who followed.

“The significance of my ‘firsts’ is very small in comparison to many other military women,” said Williams. “Women Senior NCOs who had been assigned to AATTC for many years thought it was noteworthy both when I graduated from the course and when I returned as an instructor pilot on the staff.

“To me, these ladies were the real pioneers,” she said. “A few of them were original members of the unit, which was founded by the Air National Guard in 1983, later adding active duty Airmen and Air Force Reservists to the staff.


Carol Kerr: Regular Army

Carol Kerr, retired Army Reserve colonel and graduate of the Army War College, serves as the USAWC Public Affairs Officer.

Before they joined the Long Gray Line at West Point in 1976, women were integrated into Army ROTC programs in colleges across the nation. And, before that, they were introduced into pilot programs at 10 major ROTC programs. Penn State was one of them, and in 1972, that seemed like an adventure. In fact, it seemed like an invitation to, “Be all you can be.”

“Penn State ROTC was deeply into the newly integrated program by the time a general officer in the Women’s Army Corps came to visit, and she was not happy to see long hair and short skirts in uniform,” said Kerr. “Perhaps the cadre was unaware that there were female standards for uniform and hair length or, perhaps they were more focused on the training and experiences. We all took a verbal lickin’ and moved on. That was the way of it: a few missteps along the way to making it work. In the end, we were accessed into the Regular Army, rather than the Women’s Army Corps – opening up new options, such as Tactical Intelligence, for me.

“The pilot program in Army ROTC introduced a string of firsts,” said Kerr. “At one point, I learned I was the first woman in a combat infantry brigade in Europe but my focus was building competence as an S2. By the time I got to my next assignment at a stateside division, I thought that being the lone woman was behind me until I reported in to a colonel who took time to let me know that women never work out. I did. And, I came to understand that the ‘first woman’ phenomenon had more meaning for those around me than it did for me, for whom everything was a first experience.

Infantry captain takes command of Headquarters Company
Capt. Michael Tompkins, outgoing company commander for Headquarters and Headquarters Company command, passed the colors to Capt. Joseph Wiseman, incoming company commander at the Change of Command Ceremony on March 22 at Reynolds Theater.
“Professionally, I have had the opportunity to learn a little about the strategic side of the Army, an area that many of my peers know very little of,” said Tompkins.  “Getting a chance to take some electives, hearing guest speakers and panels, and receiving professional development from many senior leaders have broadened my understanding of the officer corps, and the Army’s missions and roles in the government,” he said.
“We have been pleasantly surprised with our time here,” said Tompkins.  “We expanded our family, experienced a side of the Army and Army life that few of our peers have, and made lasting friends and memories,” he said at the end of two years in command.
Lt. Col. William McDonough, garrison commander, expressed appreciation of Capt. Tompkins.
“Mike selflessly shared his knowledge and time by personally working with several Soldiers to help them achieve better physical fitness,” said McDonough.  He also completed a Master’s Degree program on his own time and encouraged five Soldiers to enroll in college courses for their bachelor’s and master’s degrees.  He noted that HHC is the single command to which all Army War College and Carlisle Barracks Soldiers are assigned.
Lt. Col. McDonough welcomed the incoming company commander Capt. Joseph Wiseman to the team. 
Wiseman joins the Carlisle Barracks team from Fort Benning, Ga., where he completed the Infantry Officer’s Advanced Course.
Wiseman began his military career in September 1998 as an Infantryman in the California Army National Guard.  In 2008, he earned a commission from the United States Military Academy at West Point.
He has served as an Infantry Rifle Platoon Leader in Fierce Company 1-38 Infantry, 4th Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2ndInfantry Division.  After 24 months as a platoon leader and a year-long tour in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, Wiseman was promoted to captain and served as the Assistant Operations Officer for 1stBN 38thInfantry Regiment.
Tompkins next assignment will be to the 84thChemical Battalion, 3rdChemical Brigade at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.

Command and key billet selection list released

The Army released the principal and alternate colonel command and key billet selection list for FY14.  The following Carlisle Barracks officers were identified:

Principal Command and Key Billet Selection List for FY14:


Lt. Col. (promotable) Curtis A. Buzzard, CSIS

Col. Robert C. Campbell, Seminar 14

Col. Daniel S. Hurlbut, Stanford University

Col. Richard F. Timmons, Seminar 13


Lt. Col. (promotable) Jose L. Aguilar, Seminar 17

Lt. Col. (promotable) Blace C. Albert, Seminar 11

Lt. Col. (promotable) John W. Haefner, Seminar 25

Lt. Col. (promotable) Timothy W. Holman, Seminar 2

Field Artillery:

Col. Robert C. Agans, UNC-Chapel Hill

Lt. Col. (promotable) Richard P. Ullian, IWP

Air Defense Artillery:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Richard A. Fromm, Seminar 6


Lt. Col. (promotable) Michael C. McCurry, Seminar 20

Special Forces:

Lt. Col. (promotable) William J. Carty, Tufts University


Lt. Col. (promotable) Cameron M. Cantlon, Seminar 14

Col. Richard R. Coffman, Harvard University

Col. Kirk C. Dorr, MIT

Lt. Col. (promotable) Matthew L. Eichburg, Seminar 11

Col. James J. Gallivan, Seminar 10

Col. Kevin L. Jacobi, Seminar 5

Col. Christopher K. Kennedy, Seminar 18

Col. William C. Linder, Seminar 22

Military Police:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Roger P. Hedgepeth, Seminar 13

Military Intelligence

Lt. Col. (promotable) John J. Bonin, Seminar 2

Lt. Col. (promotable) Thomas A. Boone, Seminar 13

Col. Michele H. Bredenkamp, NSA

Col. David W. Pendall, MIT

Col. Kevin R. Wilkinson, Seminar 7

Signal Corps:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Joseph L. Hilfiker, Seminar 15


Col. Omuso D. George, Deployed


Col. Layton G. Dunbar, Seminar 25

Lt. Col. (promotable) Brandon L. Grubbs, Seminar 14

Lt. Col. (promotable) Timothy D. Luedecking, Texas A&M

Col. Marc D. Thoreson, Seminar 11

Army Nurse:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Timothy L. Hudson, Seminar 4

Medical Service:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Peter N. Eberhardt, Dept. of Veterans Affairs

Army Aquisition Corps:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Lance B. Green, Carlisle Barracks Contracting

Lt. Col. (promotable) Christine A. Hackett, Seminar 20

Lt. Col. (promotable) Angela M. Holmes, University of Texas

Lt. Col. (promotable) Michael W. Milner, Seminar 24

Lt. Col. (promotable) Maurice H. Stewart, University of Texas

Lt. Col. (promotable) Anthony M. Wizner, University of Texas


Alternate Command and Key Billet Selection List for FY14:Infantry:

Col. Mark E. Borowski, Seminar 6

Col. William J. Butler, Seminar 7

Col. Richard D. Heyward, Seminar 11

Lt. Col. (promotable) Kenneth J. Mintz, Seminar 9

Lt. Col. (promotable) Jeff R. Stewart, Seminar 4

Lt. Col. (promotable) Alan C. Streeter, Seminar 19

Lt. Col. (promotable) Douglas G. Vincent, Seminar 18


Lt. Col. (promotable) Jerry L. Farnsworth, Seminar 16

Field Artillery:

Col. Keith A. Casey, Seminar 24

Lt. Col. (promotable) Andrew T. Rendon, Seminar 19

Col. William H. Zemp, Deployed

Air Defense Artillery:

Col. Janell E. Eickhoff, Seminar 22

Col. Robert L. Kelley. Seminar 4

Lt. Col. (promotable) Ronald L. Tucker, Seminar 11


Col. Kenneth D. Chase, NATO Defense College

Col. David M. Krall, Staff & Faculty

Lt. Col. (promotable) Michael C. McCurry, Seminar 20

Special Forces:

Col. Frederick C. Dummar, Seminar 6

Col. Johnny L. Hester, Seminar 4

Lt. Col. (promotable) Robert M. Kirila, Seminar 3


Col. Daniel J. Cormier, USAWC PhD Program

Col. Bryan E. Denny, Seminar 9

Col. Joseph C. Holland, Seminar 3

Military Police:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Detrick L. Briscoe, Seminar 6

Col. David M. Oberlander, Seminar 1

Psychological Operations:

Col. Ralph L. Clayton, UNC-Chapel Hill

Col. Victor G. Garcia, Seminar 23

Lt. Col. (promotable) Timothy D. Huening, Seminar 22


Col. Matthew C. Mingus, Seminar 12

Col. Jody L. Nelson, Queens University

Col. Hugh D. Shoults, Seminar 8

Military Intelligence:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Lawrence T. Brown, Deployed

Lt. Col. (promotable) Ketti C. Davison, CNAS

Col. Michael B. Johnson, CIA

Lt. Col. (promotable) Christopher C. Mitchiner, Seminar 16

Col. Timothy J. Parker, CIA

Force Management:

Col. John R. Bray, Seminar 7

Simulation Operations:

Col. William D. Jones, Seminar 18

Lt. Col. (promotable) Michael E. Panko, Staff & Faculty

Col. Daniel P. Ray, Seminar 8


Col. Stephen B. Lockridge, Seminar 16

Adjutant General:

Lt. Col. (promotable) Janet R. Holliday, Deployed

Col. Angela M. Odom, Seminar 19

Col. Matthew F. Rasmussen, Deployed


Col. Karl D. Bopp, Staff & Faculty

Col. Christopher D. Croft, Columbia University

Lt. Col. (promotable) Robert J. Davis, Seminar 16

Lt. Col. (promotable) Christopher S. Hart, Seminar 22

Col. Kevin M. Powers, Seminar 20

Lt. Col. (promotable) Robert M. Villalobos, Seminar 5

Medical Corps:

Col. Stephen C. Phillips, Seminar 20

Medical Service:

Col. William M. Stubbs, Seminar 18

With some new flexibility, officials reassess spending cuts

By Claudette Roulo, American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, March 26, 2013 - Now that Congress has passed a continuing resolution that will fund the government for the rest of the fiscal year, Defense Department officials are trying to find the best way to make $46 billion in spending cuts, Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said today.

The latest continuing resolution, passed March 21, provides DOD with limited flexibility in making the mandatory cuts.

Even with some relief under the continuing resolution, making the cuts will be "tough," Little said.

The department hopes to be able to reduce the number of days its civilian employees are furloughed, Little said, but he emphasized that no decisions have been made. Employees were given a brief reprieve last week, when DOD delayed delivery of furlough notices for about two weeks, pushing the start of any potential furloughs until at least mid-May.

Before the continuing resolution passed, officials expected that with few exceptions, Defense Department employees would have 22 unpaid furlough days through the remainder of the fiscal year, which ends Sept. 30. "We're going to have to make a decision relatively soon," Little told reporters, adding that he's unsure whether the decision will be made this week or next.

"The main concern we have right now -- one of many concerns, actually -- is the readiness of the force," he added. "We understand the impact to our DOD civilian workforce. This is a decision that we didn't take lightly, and it's problematic on many levels. But, when you're faced with a series of tough choices, this is one we felt like we had to make."

By Col. Lawrence E. Strobel, Division Chief for Security, Reconstruction and Transition, PKSOI
PKSOI supports security cooperation through planners’ course

Tony Lieto leads a group discussion during a recent Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Army Campaign Support Plan Conference.


The 2010 National Security Strategy calls for comprehensive security cooperation engagement “beyond our borders” as does the President’s January 2012 defense strategy, “Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense.” That strategy outlines 10 primary missions which are supported by SC engagements such as “Provide a Stabilizing Presence, conduct stability and counter insurgency operation” that involves building partner capacity. The most recent Global Employment of the Force has placed a new emphasis on the execution of theater security cooperation activities. In support of the GEF, the Secretary of the Army and Chief of Staff of the Army released the 2013 Army Strategic Planning Guidance. Of the eleven restated missions of the U.S. Armed Forces, two missions—Provide a Stabilizing Presence and Conduct Stability and Counterinsurgency Operations— address the Army’s commitment to security cooperation.

Gen. Ray Odierno, Chief of Staff of the Army, published the “CSA’s Strategic Intent: Delivering Strategic Landpower In An Uncertain World” on Feb. 5. Accordingly, he addresses the changes in the strategic environment, the dynamic character of conflict, what the Army provides to this endeavor, and how the Army will continue to evolve as it accomplishes the mission. It is clear that the Army will remain integral in deterring threats and aggression. In addition to retaining sufficient strength, employability, and flexibility the Army must be capable of worldwide engagement. Odierno reiterates throughout the document that conflict prevention and preservation and maintenance of stability abroad are required to deter aggression. The Army provides unique capabilities to the Nation in its endeavor to Prevent, Shape and Win in conflict: a framework that emphasizes the need for an expeditionary Army and to stabilize the global environment through forward presence and increasing the capability of our partners. 

The US Army War College supports this global effort through active engagement with geographic combatant commanders, component commands and operational units, providing world-class education and training in security cooperation through the engagement and advancements made in stability and peace operations. Security cooperation is integrated to the core and elective portions of the Senior Service College academic curriculum, in seminar-based studies of policy, strategy, contemporary readings, case studies, speeches from strategic leaders, exercises and other efforts using the whole of government approach.  This whole of government learning approach includes an understanding of the Department of State and U.S. Agency for International Development’s approach to capacity building, in conjunction with the Defense Institute for Security Assistance Management, and the latest policy/strategy/plans from the Army G-3/5/7 to be “Landpower specific.”

The purpose of the course is to provide staff officers “with necessary planning methodologies, resourcing processes, execution programs/authorities, evaluation mechanisms and reference information including best practices and lessons learned.”  In cooperation with The Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, the pilot course was conducted in December 2011 and has held four iterations including a mobile training team to U.S. Army Pacific. PKSOI has hosted three of the courses with another scheduled for April 2013.

The course goal is for 50 students in the ranks of Major, Lieutenant Colonel, and equivalent civilian grades from the Theater Armies’ active duty, Army Reserve, National Guard and other interagency personnel conducting security cooperation planning to attend. Since the initial pilot course, the DA G-3/5/7 and PKSOI have trained over 200 personnel, including Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and civilians from all major Army commands, Department of Defense, Department of State, and the Joint Staff. B

As the Army reviews the method of providing a broad-based security cooperation education and training plan, the USAWC leads the way in security cooperation education among all mid- and senior-level professional military education programs.

by Thomas Zimmerman
Industry Day highlights DM course

Members of Seminar 1 talk with Michael V. Cuff (far right), Managing Director, Operations, JF Lehman & Co., during Industry Day. The event is one of the captsone events for the Defense Management course.


Once the members of the Army War College Class of 2013 graduate, many of them will find themselves in a new world—one dominated with decisions about how to use the existing military and civilian systems and processes to respond to the new strategic environment. 

The Defense Management course provides the context to develop and challenges student’s abilities to make decisions in complex and uncertain conditions when sufficient resources are unavailable or strategic guidance is vague, according to Col. Michael McCrea, course director.

“The goal is to provide a learning environment that encourages reflection, reinforces critical thinking, and requires the exercise of strategic decision making skills,” he said. 

In addition to seminar discussion, readings and exercises, the Army War College brought together leaders in industry to talk with the future leaders of the military during the 2013 Industry Day.

Industry Day provides a forum for students to gain a better understanding of the military-industrial relationship, the Army requirements and capabilities development process, and acquisition processes. The theme for this year’s event was “defense industrial base for the 21st century.”

“This is a fantastic opportunity to learn,” said Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, War College commandant. “You have an unusual opportunity with great timing. This will help you understand the complex relationship between the DoD and industry to develop capabilities.”

The day-long event includes both Bliss Hall lectures and seminar room discussions with invited guests.

Guest speakers Mick Maurer, president of Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, Helen Greiner, CEO of CyPhy Works, Inc.  provided the industry perspective during the event. Maj. Gen. Harold Greene, Deputy for Acquisition and Systems Management, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army, provided some comments from the government perspective.

Maurer spoke about his company’s efforts in support the DoD, including their trademark aircraft, the Blackhawk. He stressed the importance of joint investment in new technology and innovative contracting.

Greiner spoke about the different methods of technology adoption, using her experience as a founder of iRobot. She also discussed the challenges of constant advancements in technology and provided a small business perspective on the military-private industry relationship.

Greene, a 2003 USAWC grad, provided the government side of the relationship, providing an overview of the organic industrial base and the challenges for purchasing new equipment as budget levels decline. 

After the Bliss Hall discussions, students and the nearly 30 guest returned to seminar rooms to confer on the issues and challenges facing both sides.

Women's History Month celebrates women who shaped history

Retired Maj. Gen. Dee Ann McWilliams served almost 30 years as an officer in the Women's Army Corps and Army as a human resources officer, managing new policies and their effects for recruitment and personnel readiness regarding women and the Army.

McWilliams, currently president of the Army Women's Foundation, spoke about the progress of women's service in the Army at the Army Heritage and Education Center Thursday, Mar. 21.

Retired Maj. Gen. Dee Ann McWilliams, president of the Army Women’s Foundation, speaks about the progress of women’s service in the army at the Heritage and Education Center, Thursday, Mar. 21. The lecture was one of many activities during the Army War College’s recognition of Women’s History Month.

Julie Manta, USAWC Assistant Provost, concluded that McWilliams' themes rang true about changing times and common sense.

"The important take away was that leaders must use common sense when implementing policy changes for women and shouldn't rely on conventional wisdom."

McWilliams said that women in the Army have been prohibited from doing a lot of things in the past for reasons that were not always rational, because leaders at the time were reticent to counter conventional wisdom.

She referred to a common, former perception that a woman shouldn't get weapons training because she couldn't manage the weight of a 10-pound weapon. McWilliams noted the irony of that 'wisdom,' given that a woman will hoist a 30-pound child in one arm and 40 pounds of bags of groceries in the other.

The lecture was one of many activities during Women’s History Month recognition.

Additionally, the Army Heritage and Education Center offered 'did you know?' videos about women's history and a "Civil War Women" exhibit featuring spies, nurses and sanitary commission workers and their contributions to the war effort.

Please view some Army Heritage and Education Center content recognizing Women’s History Month:

Civil War Imagery:

Historical Photos:

Did you know? Videos:

Ingrid Gjerde: Norwegian infantry battalion commander

Colonel Ingrid M. Gjerde, a Norwegian Defense Infantry officer, is currently the Norwegian International Fellow in the U.S. Army War College Class of 2013. She is the 2nd female International Fellow in history.

Gjerde’s service to her country was inspired by her older brother and friends. She attended the Norwegian officer candidate school at the age of 19, and because of her love for outdoor life and sport chose the infantry and gained most of her military experiences from serving in infantry battalions, home and abroad.

Among her other firsts, Gjerde was the first Norwegian rifle platoon commander to serve in an international operation, Lebanon in 1994, and in SFOR in Bosnia 1998, the first female rifle company commander to serve in a NATO operation.

“With very few exceptions, I have felt that my commanders, peers and troops have appreciated me for my hard work, dedication to my service and results,” said Gjerde. “I have done the same jobs and carried the same loads as my male colleagues, so I have never felt that they have treated me differently as ‘the woman’ in the unit.”

Both the Norwegian government and military leadership are in agreement about the importance of increasing the number of women in military services, she said.

“I have appreciated the ability to serve my country in the branch that I found most interesting,” said Gjerde. “I have felt fear and despair in societies with tense conflict, and it has been hard to leave my children, family and friends, but I also have felt great happiness and satisfaction over achievements home and abroad.”

“The greatest thing about being a soldier is the same for men and women--the very strong friendship and trust within your unit and the ability to contribute to a more peaceful world,” said Gjerde.

Jill Long: USAF Pilot

Lieutenant Colonel Jill A. Long, U. S. Air Force pilot, is currently a U.S. Army War College student.

“I see my career in the Air Force as not one of firsts, although there have been a few incidences of this, but more of a continuation of the legacy of women warriors,” said Long. “[It’s] a legacy which one day I hope will be so entwined with the fabric of our military that the firsts are no longer notable due to the gender but are notable for the honor they have brought our profession at arms.”

The women who fly today in the military services are following in the footsteps of the Women Air Force Service Pilots, the WASP of World War II, she said.

“I recall seeing a WASP fly a pink P-47 at an air show and thinking, ‘Cool...but I wouldn't have painted it pink.’ In retrospect I can see the subtle influence being able to connect to someone can help solidify your courage to try something new,” said Long.

One of only five women in Air Force Undergraduate Pilot Training in the early ‘90s, Long found commonalities in the experiences and attitude of Marion Stegeman Hodgson, who wrote, Winging My Wings. “Her grace, humor, and unfailing determination were an example to those of us who follow in her footsteps.

“And today, we are accepting the lead, cultivating the new wingmen who are taking to the skies,” said Long. “Moving into the lead position is a bit daunting.

It causes you to think more about those who are on your wing or who will follow along your flight path than you do about yourself.

Mentoring from Jan Goodrum, the last President of the WASP organization, helped Long recognize the need for balance when she was assigned as the first female "jump ALO" supporting the 173d ABCT, as the first woman to command the 2d Air Support Operations Squadron (the largest ASOS in Europe), and again as the Deputy Group Commander of the Air Support Operations Group in Kabul, Afghanistan. “My performance in each of those positions was not only a continuation of her, and her fellow WASPs’, legacy but would also be reflected onto all those who followed in my footsteps,” said Long.

Army War College grads in the news March 20

The chief of staff, Army announced today the following assignments and Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced today that the President has made the following nominations:

Brig. Gen. Scott D. Berrier for appointment to the rank of major general.  Berrier is currently serving as director of intelligence, J-2, U.S. Central Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.

Brig. Gen. Donald C. Bolduc,deputy commander, Special Operations Joint Task Force-Afghanistan, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan, to deputy director for operations, U.S. Africa Command, Germany.

Brig. Gen. Clarence K. K. Chinn for appointment to the rank of major general.  Chinn is currently serving as deputy commander, Regional Command-East, International Security Assistance Force Joint Command, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan.

Brig. Gen. Terry R. Ferrell for appointment to the rank of major general.  Ferrell most recently served as commanding general, National Training Center and Fort Irwin, Fort Irwin, Calif.

Brig. Gen. Christopher K. Haas for appointment to the rank of major general.  Haas is currently serving as commanding general, U.S. Army Special Forces Command (Airborne), Fort Bragg, N.C.

Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Horlander for appointment to the rank of major general.  Horlander is currently serving as special assistant to the director, Office of Business Transformation, Office of the Under Secretary of the Army, Washington, D.C.

Brig. Gen. Jonathan A. Maddux for appointment to the rank of major general.  Maddux is currently serving as deputy commanding general (support), Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan.

Brig. Gen. Theodore D. Martin for appointment to the rank of major general.  Martin is currently serving as commanding general, National Training Center and Fort Irwin, Fort Irwin, Calif.

Brig. Gen. Kevin G. O'Connell for appointment to the rank of major general.  O'Connell is currently serving as commanding general, Joint Munitions Lethality, Life Cycle Management Command/Joint Munitions Command, Rock Island, Ill.







American Forces Press Service
Pentagon delays sending Furlough notices to civilian workforce

WASHINGTON, March 21, 2013 - Pentagon officials have put off sending furlough notices to civilian employees until they've had a chance to analyze how pending legislation that would fund the federal government for the rest of the fiscal year will affect the Defense Department.

Officials now estimate that furlough notices will go out on or about April 5, Navy Cmdr. Leslie Hull-Ryde, a Pentagon spokeswoman, said.

"The legislation could have some impact on the overall number of furlough days, but no decisions have been reached, especially since the legislation hasn't been signed into law," Hull-Ryde said. "The number of furlough days at this point remains at 22."

Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said the delay makes sense. "We believe the delay is a responsible step to take in order to assure our civilian employees that we do not take lightly the prospect of furloughs and the resulting decrease in employee pay," he said.

Statement by Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel on the Ten Year Anniversary of the Iraq War

This week marks the ten year anniversary of the beginning of the Iraq War.  While that conflict has been brought to an end, we must never lose sight of the tremendous sacrifices our brave men and women in uniform made during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn.  Every one of the more than one million service members that deployed to Iraq, often for multiple tours of duty, deserves our highest praise and deepest debt of gratitude.  They served with valor and met every challenge -- from the streets of Fallujah and Sadr City to outposts in Ramadi and Mosul -- always watching out for their brothers and sisters in arms.  

The American people will always honor the sacrifices of the 4,475 U.S. service members who died in Iraq, and the more than 32,000 who came home wounded.  Every man and woman who served in Iraq carries with them the scars of war.  As we remember these quiet heroes this week we are also reminded of their families and their sacrifices, as we also honor and thank them.

Our reflections include the Iraqi people -- the Iraqi soldiers and police officers who died alongside our own, the men and women who were caught in the crossfire, and those who still struggle today to secure and govern their nation.  The Iraqi people will determine the future of Iraq and the United States will continue to support their efforts for a peaceful, secure, free, and prosperous nation.

Furlough to affect Thrift Savings Plan contributions

By Claudette Roulo, American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, March 13, 2013 - Federal civilian employees could see their Thrift Savings Plan contributions reduced if furloughs take effect.

The Thrift Savings Plan is a retirement savings and investment plan for federal employees and members of the uniformed services, including the Ready Reserve.

"Employees who have selected their TSP contribution to be a percentage of their pay will see smaller contributions during the furlough period due to their reduced pay," said Navy Cmdr. Leslie Hull-Ryde, a Defense Department spokeswoman.

For example, an employee who earns $1,000 of basic pay every two-week pay period and contributes 10 percent of it to the TSP would make a $100 TSP contribution during a normal pay period. However, if the employee is furloughed for two days per pay period, his or her basic pay would decrease to $800. As a result, the TSP contribution would be $80 per pay period.

Employees who contribute a set dollar amount won't see that amount change with a reduction in pay, Hull-Ryde said. For this reason, now is a good time to review TSP contribution amounts to see if they are appropriate, Thrift Savings Plan officials said.

Basic pay reductions also will affect the matching funds contributed by the Defense Department and other agencies. According to a Thrift Savings Plan news release, any reduction in pay will proportionally decrease the matching funds contribution, regardless of whether employees contribute a percentage of their pay or a set dollar amount.

The furloughs may cause financial hardship for some employees, and in those cases they may consider making a hardship withdrawal from their TSP fund. Such withdrawals have several restrictions:

-- If you take a hardship withdrawal, you will not be able to make any TSP contributions for six months after having received your funds.

-- You may withdraw only your contributions and the earnings associated with them, and the total amount cannot exceed your financial hardship.

-- You must pay income tax on the taxable portion of any withdrawal, and you may also be subject to a 10 percent early withdrawal penalty tax.

-- If you are a Federal Employees Retirement System participant, you will not receive agency matching contributions.

-- A hardship withdrawal cannot be repaid, so your TSP account is permanently reduced by the amount of your withdrawal.

A better option may be taking a loan against your TSP, officials said. Loans can be repaid -- plus interest -- but the account continues to accrue earnings even as the loan is paid back.

TSP officials recommend that employees think carefully before decreasing or stopping their traditional TSP contributions. Those contributions are subtracted from pre-tax income, and terminating the contributions could increase income tax liability. Roth TSP contributions are subtracted from employees' after-tax income, and changes will not affect tax liability.

"One of the great things about your TSP contributions, no matter how small, is that the earnings compound over time. If you stop your contributions, even for a short time, you'll miss this opportunity altogether," the news release said.

Federal Employees Retirement System participants would, in effect, be losing free money by stopping their contributions, because matching contributions also would stop, officials said.

Furloughs could affect Army's Behavioral Health Care

By C. Todd Lopez, Army News Service


WASHINGTON, March 14, 2013 - Upcoming furloughs for Army civilians, along with budget cuts, will affect the Army's ability to provide behavioral health care to soldiers, the service's chief of behavioral health care said here this week.

More than half of the Army's behavioral health providers are either government civilians or contractors, Col. Rebecca Porter said at a Defense Writers Group breakfast March 12.

"The plan is that our Department of the Army civilians who are employed with us would be impacted across the board," Porter said.

The Army's medical community is about 60 percent civilian, overall, she said. Within the behavioral health specialty, which includes about 4,500 providers, more than half are civilian. The Army surgeon general's priorities for medical care in coping with spending cuts for the rest of the fiscal year mandated by the sequestration provision in budget law are warrior care, primary care, behavioral health and the Integrated Disability Evaluation System, Porter said. Army officials are looking at possibly exempting some of those Army civilians from furlough, she added.

Another option, she said, is to have medical providers in uniform, backfill where care is most needed.

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan created a greater need in the Army for behavioral health providers, Porter said, and the Army has worked to bring those medical professionals on board. With furloughs and sequestration, lack of stability as a behavioral health provider within the Army may drive some of those professionals back to the private sector, she added.

"There is a national shortage of behavioral health providers. ... Since 2007, we've more than doubled the number of behavioral health providers that we have in the Army," Porter said. "To see them now looking elsewhere because they don't have the job security that they thought they were going to have, and they don't know how much the organization or the institution supports them in what they are trying to do, it is a morale issue."

When contracts or term behavioral health positions come up for expiration or renewal, providers go through her office "so we can look, kind of corporately, at what do we have as far as resources in the personnel realm," Porter said.

"We value those individuals greatly," she added. "Particularly for providers, we are looking to retain them."

Porter said the Army has seen success with embedded behavioral health teams, or EBHTs, where behavioral health providers are taken out of the hospitals and are aligned with specific brigades. The pilot installation for that effort was Fort Carson, Colo., and success with the program has meant an expansion to brigade-sized elements across the Army by the end of fiscal year 2016, she said.

An evaluation of the EBHT program at Fort Carson, she said, has shown "a decrease in incidents of psychiatric hospitalizations, decreased incidents of suicides, of suicide attempts and even things like alcohol-related incidents."

The success of the EBHT program, and cause for its expansion across the force, stems largely from the benefits of creating familiarity between providers and unit commanders.

"Co-locating them with the unit and with the commanders, I think, helps the behavioral health provider be more in tune with what are the needs of the command," Porter said. "But it also, in our experience, makes the commander, and the soldiers, more trusting of the behavioral health providers."

Early in her career, Porter said, she was in a position to recommend to a commander that he not take a soldier on deployment, due to post-traumatic stress disorder. She said that commander thanked her for her input, but took the soldier on deployment anyway. Later, she said, problems surfaced and the commander had to send the soldier home.

"Today, I think if I made the same recommendation to a commander, I think they would heed a behavioral health professional's input a lot more than they did 16 or 17 years ago," she said. "It's a different environment -- vastly different than it was back then."

Part of the increased trust commanders have in behavioral health providers stems from increased awareness of issues such as PTSD, Porter said. But she added that she believes the relationships that can be built through the use of EBHTs will only further commander trust.

The EBHTs are made up of civilian behavioral health providers, she said. Downrange, units have two organic behavioral health providers and two behavioral health technicians. In addition, combat stress control teams function in a general area and go where commanders think additional help is needed.

Army War College Fellow at Harvard joins journalists to discuss war reporting on BBC's The World radio program.

Ask the panelists your question on the blog.

Ten years ago next month, the American-led invasion of Iraq toppled the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein. The war and the men and women who fought it were chronicled by journalists embedded with the troops.

On Friday, March 15, from 7 to 9 p.m., The World’s Aaron Schachter will moderate a distinguished panel of journalists who reported from the front lines — including journalists Sebastian Junger and Bob Woodruff, photojournalist Rita Leistner, and US Army Col. Richard “Ross” Coffman — as they discuss and debate the role of journalists in war reporting.

Do you have a question for the panel? Leave your question at ...  or tweet it using the hashtag #Embedded.


Journalists Sebastian Junger and Bob Woodruff, photojournalist Rita Leistner, and US Army Colonel Richard "Ross" Coffman.

Army War College and Dickinson College collaboration seeks to link the US-India strategic relationship and sustainable development in India

March 12, 2013 -- A stable, secure future for India will depend in part on promoting sustainable development now.

A workshop titled, The United States-India Relationship in the 21st Century: Challenges for Strategic Leaders; Opportunities for Cross-Sector Collaboration to Promote Sustainable Development,  is underway this week to explore how the U.S. military, nonprofits, public corporations and private industry can contribute to, and help shape, the U.S.-India relationship. The workshop recognizes that cross-sector collaboration, involving representatives from all sectors; represent the best path toward finding solutions for sustainability.


The workshop will identify cross-collaboration efforts in place so as to identify best practices and opportunity for military-civil collaboration at the nexus of water-food-energy-climate-security.

Insights from the Organizational Theory Literature

  • David Sarcone, International Business and Management, Director Health Studies Program, Dickinson College
  • John Bryson and Barbara C. Crosby, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota

Environment and Security: Transnational Challenges; Transnational Solutions

  • John Kemelis, professor, Penn State School of International Affairs
  • Richard Matthew, professor of International and Environmental Politics, Schools of Social Ecology and Social Science at the University of California Irvine; founding director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs.
  • Stephen Blank, Strategic Studies Institute of the United States Army War College
  • Leif Rosenberger, Economic Advisor to Central Command

Keynote Address:Ambassador (Ret.) Chandrashekhar Dasgupta, distinguished fellow, The Energy Resources Institute (TEREI) New Delhi; Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change; member of the U.N. Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; and co-chair of the India–E.U. Round Table

Cross Sector Collaboration: Implications for Strategic Leaders

  • Professor Rick Coplen, U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
  • COL (retired) Jeff McCausland, formerly Dean of the USAWC.
  • General (retired) Vijay Kumar Singh, formerly Chief of Staff of the India Army
  • Jack Clarke, associate fellow, Futures Strategy Group; professor, Defense Management and Strategic Studies; director, Program on Civil Security at the Marshall Center, Garmisch, Germany.

Keynote Address:Ambassador Arun K. Singh, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of India


Prospects for Collaboration in the U.S.-India Strategic Relationship

  • Brig. Gen. Shashank Upasani, International Fellow India, U.S. Army War College
  • Andrew Salamone, research fellow, Center for Strategic Intelligence, National Intelligence University
  • Rahul S. Madhavan, senior manager (Policy Advocacy), Aerospace & Defense and Infrastructure, U.S.-India Business Council
  • Namrata Goswami, research fellow, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi; currently Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow, United States Institute of Peace, Washington, D.C. (unable to attend—her paper will be summarized by one of the other Workshop Participants)
  • Ivan B. Welch, Foreign Military Studies Office, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command Intelligence Support Activity, foreign area analyst (Southeast and South Asia)


Sustainable Development as National Security Concern in India

  • Kent H. Butts, professor of Political-Military Strategy, Center for Strategic Leadership, USAWC
  • Dhanasree Jayaram, associate fellow, Centre of Air Power Studies, New Delhi
  • Krishnappa Venkatshamy, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi, Leader of IDSA’s recently concluded National Security Strategy and Strategic Trends 2050 Projects
  • Michael Beevers, environmental studies, Dickinson College,
  • Rajesh Chakrabarti, executive director, Bharti Institute of Public Policy and clinical associate professor, Case Study: “BharatiyaYuva Shakti Trust (BYST)”
  • Lalitha Vaidyanathan, managing director, FSG
  • Khanjan Mehta, director, the Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship (HESE) Program at the Pennsylvania State University
  • Julie Vasteen, director, Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM), Dickinson College


Attention:   Although this is an invitation-only workshop, video presentations and the full conference report will be available at   Journalists are invited to contact Christine Dugan to arrange attendance or to schedule interviews with workshop speakers:  717-245-1180 or

Carlisle Barracks youth earns Gold Award for special project
Kristen Clady’s decision to make 100 fleece blankets for the homeless in our area and overseas came after meeting a homeless student at school and also learning that there are over 1 million homeless students in America.
The daughter of Army War College student Col. Tom Clady and his wife Stacy will receive the Girl Scout Gold Award at a ceremony March 17 at the Delaney Center for her project making 100 fleece blankets to be distributed for homeless students through Safe Harbour, the Women’s Abuse Center, and an orphanage in Kenya.
The Girl Scout Gold Award is equivalent to the Boy Scouts’ Eagle Scout award.
Kristen invested more than 120 hours of shopping, cutting, tieing, and delivery, and financed the project with the help of family and friends and her savings.
“I feel so proud of myself,” said Kristen.  “I set a goal for myself and achieved it while also helping others.”
The Clady’s are very proud of their daughter.  “The whole process was made harder for Kristen since we have been moving every year for the past 3 years,” said Stacy Clady.  “She has to find a new troop at each new duty station, find a need, and then figure out if she can complete her project before we move again.”

Army War College and Carlisle Barracks March Community Events
March is Women’s History Month
The Army Heritage and Education Center will introduce the community to women in military history with historically-themed slideshows and links to videos featured on the AHEC website:
If you accepted the Commandant’s challenge to come up with your own little-known factoid about women’s history, enter USAHEC’s “Did You Know?” contest by submitting your entry to usarmy.carlisle.awc.mbx.ahec-ves@mail.milwith “Did You Know?” in the subject line.   Whoever wins will have his or her factoid filmed for the final “Did You Know?” clip, to be shared on Friday, Mar. 29.
Carlisle Barracks is coordinating a community service project, Mar. 11-29, to benefit Shalom House, a temporary shelter in Harrisburg that provides emergency and transitional housing for homeless women veterans and their children.  Donations of basic items will be accepted and can be dropped off in the collection boxes placed in the lobbies of Upton Hall, Root Hall, Dunham Army Clinic, the Center for Strategic Leadership, the Strategic Studies Institute and the Army Heritage and Education Center.  The items include:  Towels, sheets, blankets, pillows, household cleaning and laundry supplies, diapers, wipes, baby bottles and blankets, food-handling gloves, hand sanitizer, light bulbs, paper towels and toilet paper.  
The virtual information schedule of events:
Monday, Mar. 11– World War I – Hello Girls slideshow
Wednesday, Mar. 13 and Friday, Mar. 15– Did You Know? Videos
Monday, Mar. 18 – World War II - WAACs/WACs slideshow
Wednesday, Mar. 20 and Friday, Mar. 22– Did You Know? Videos
Thursday, Mar. 21– Ret. Maj. Gen. Dee Ann McWilliams, current President of the Army
Women’s Foundation, will present a noon-time lecture at the Army Heritage and Education Center, “You’ve Come a Long Way, Soldier!” on the preservation of Women’s History in the Army and her role in the Army Women’s Foundation, and will reflect on her own, nearly thirty-year history in the U.S. Army.
Monday, Mar. 25– Army Female Engagement Teams (Current Operations) slideshow
Wednesday, Mar. 27 and Friday, Mar. 29– Did You Know? Videos
13-31 - Memorial Chapel Activities
Fridays, Mar. 15, 22, 6 p.m. - Stations of the Cross Soup and Supper
Mondays, Mar. 18, 25, 7 p.m. - Catholic Adult Lenten Formation
Wednesdays, Mar. 13, 20, 27, noon - Lenten Soup Lunch and Discussion
Wednesday, Mar. 20, 6-8 p.m. - Geo-Bachelor/Bachelorette Dinner - Korean Food
Friday, Mar. 22, 5:30-7 p.m. - CYOC - High School Stations of the Cross
Friday-Sunday, Mar. 22-24, 2 p.m., Mar. 22 until 1 p.m., Mar. 24 - White Sulphur Springs Family Retreat 
Saturday, Mar. 23, 5:30 p.m. - Catholic Palm Sunday Vigil Mass
Tuesday, Mar. 26, 6 p.m. - Seder - Protestant Family Passover Meal
Thursday, Mar. 28, 6 p.m. - Catholic - Thursday of the Lord’s Supper Mass
Thursday, Mar. 28, 7:30 p.m. - Maundy Thursday Protestant Service
Friday, Mar. 29, noon - Protestant Good Friday Service
Friday, Mar. 29, 6 p.m. - Catholic - Friday of the Passion of the Lord’s Supper Mass
Saturday, Mar. 30, 8 p.m. - Catholic Easter Vigil Mass
Sunday, Mar. 31, 7 a.m. - Easter - Protestant Sunrise Service; a Pancake Breakfast will follow at the Chapel Assembly Hall
Sunday, Mar. 31, 9:15 a.m. - Catholic Mass
Sunday, Mar. 31, 11 a.m. - Protestant Easter Service
15, 22 - Great Decisions Lectures
Free and open to the public, 1-3 p.m. in the Army Heritage and Education Center; come early and enjoy lunch at AHEC’s Café Cumberland.
Friday, Mar. 15 - Professor Frank Jones, Army War College, will address “Threat Assessment.” 
Friday, Mar. 22- Dr. Larry Goodson, Army War College, will address “Egypt.” 
12, 19, 26 - International Fellows’ spouses Conversation and Culture Programs
The programs are held in the Post Chapel, noon-2 p.m.    
Tuesday, Mar. 12– Country presentations:  United Kingdom and Bangladesh
Tuesday, Mar. 19- No presentations - IF spouses only
Tuesday, Mar. 26- No presentations
12-28 - Army Wellness Center group classes
Tuesday, Mar. 12, noon-1 p.m. - Stress Management
Tuesday, Mar. 19, 11 a.m.-noon - Knee pain prevention and treatment*
Tuesday, Mar. 19, noon-1 p.m. - Low Back pain prevention and treatment*
Wednesday, Mar. 20, 11 a.m.-noon - Meals in Minutes
Tuesday, Mar. 26, noon-1 p.m. - Sports Injuries-Is it worth it?*
Thursday, Mar. 28, 2-3 p.m. - Stress Management
All classes are held in the Wellness Center’s classroom.
*To register for classes offered by Lt. Col. Karsteter, Physical Therapist, call 717-245-3400; for all other classes call the Center at 717-245-4004 or visit:
13 - AHEC presents free, public Perspectives in Military History Lecture
Journalist Tom Ricks will present “The Generals:  American Military Command from World War II to Today,” Wednesday, Mar. 13, 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center.  Mr. Ricks will present a lecture based on his book in which he makes a close study of America’s military leaders for three decades.  Call 717-245-3972 or visit:
13, 21, 27 - ACS Resiliency Training
Training will be conducted in the ACS Classroom from 10 a.m.-noon.
Wednesday, Mar. 13- “Avoid Thinking Traps”
Thursday, Mar. 21- “Detecting Icebergs”
Wednesday, Mar. 27- TBD
14 - LVCC St. Patrick’s Day Celebration
Open to the public, “Go Green” and celebrate St. Patrick’s Day at the LVCC Main Bar, Thursday, Mar. 14, 4-10 p.m., live music and Irish fare specials available.
15 - St. Patrick’s Day Festival hosted by the USAWC Civilian Students
The event will feature authentic Irish entertainment, food and beverages, Friday, Mar. 15, 6:30-10 p.m. at the LVCC.  For tickets see your civilian seminar representative or call 717-245-4872.
20 - Newcomers Briefing
On Wednesday, Mar. 20, 10 a.m.-noon, Anne Ely Hall, Room 202.  If you plan to attend, call 717-245-3685/4357.
20 - Carlisle Barracks Spouses’ Club Annual International Fellow Spouse Luncheon
Open to the public, experience a selection of food and entertainment from Around the World on Wednesday, Mar. 20, 10:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m. at the LVCC.  The cost is $15.  Reservations and cancellations by Friday, Mar. 15 to:
22 – Relocation One-Stop (tentative)
PCS is coming, plan for a stress-free move at the Relocation One-Stop event, Friday, Mar. 22, noon-3 p.m. at Anne Ely Hall, Room 202, with assistance from these organizations: 
Army Community Service (Relocation, Employment, Exceptional Family Member Program);
Transportation; Child, Youth and School Services; TRICARE; Military Housing; Balfour Beatty; Post Judge Advocate; and Military Pay.  For information call 717-245-3685/4357.
23 - Easter Egg Hunt
Infants to 12-year-olds in the Carlisle Barracks community are invited to bring a basket and join in the Easter Egg Hunt, Saturday, Mar. 23 at the Moore Child Development Center.  Gates will open at 8:45 a.m. and the first group will start at 9:15 a.m.  There will also be games and prizes.  Call 717-245-3701 or visit:
23-24 – Outdoor Recreation Wilderness and Remote First-Aid Course
A two-day course, taught by a certified instructor, will be held Mar. 23-24, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. at the Education Center.  The course provides a foundation of first-aid principles and skills to respond to emergencies and give care in areas without immediate emergency medical services response, e.g., wilderness and remote environments and urban disasters.  Prerequisites:  Current adult CPR/AED certification, minimum age 14, class limited to 12, cost $110 per person.  Register with ODR by Mar. 1, 717-245-4616 or visit:
31 - Commissary Easter Closure
Closed Sunday, Mar. 31 will reopen for normal hours on Tuesday, Apr. 2.
31 - LVCC Easter Brunch
Open to the public - the Easter Brunch will be held Sunday, Mar. 31 at the LVCC.  Seatings:  10 a.m., noon and 2:30 p.m.  Price for adults is $19.95, $6.95 for kids (5-12), free for kids 4 and under.  Reservations by Wednesday, Mar. 27.  Call 245-4329 or visit:
For all post and community events:

Warning from TSP


Apple App store offering TSP App not sanctioned by TSP - A free iPhone App, TSP Funds, currently being offered through the Apple App store

asks TSP participants for their account login information. This app is not being offered through the TSP and the TSP does not recommend using this

application to access your TSP account. Providing this information could result in a security risk to your account.

Army War College announces new CSM, Chief of Staff, Ambassador

The Army War College has announced new personnel in key positions at the War College who will assume their duties later this spring and summer.

Helen Reed-Rowe, has been named the new Army War College Deputy Commandant for Interagency Affairs.

A career member of the Senior Foreign Service, Reed-Rowe was sworn in on September 27, 2010 as the first U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Palau. Her credentials were presented to President Johnson Toribiong upon her arrival in country on September 30, 2010.
Ms. Reed-Rowe served as a Senior Advisor to the Office of Performance Evaluation in the Department of State and as a Foreign Affairs Advisor from the Department of State to the Avian Influenza Action Group. Her Washington assignments include management positions in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs and the Overseas Building Operations. Ms. Reed-Rowe served as a Desk Officer in the Bureau of African Affairs and an Examiner on the Board of Examiners in the Bureau of Human Resources. She served a one year assignment on Capitol Hill as a Pearson Fellow. Her overseas assignments include Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands and supervisory management positions in U.S. Embassies Jamaica, Ecuador and Niger.
Reed-Rowe earned a Master’s Degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island and a Bachelor’s degree from the University of Maryland. She is the mother of two children, Nikkia Rowe and Kevin Anthony Rowe.


Command Sergeant Major Malcolm D. Parrish, has been named the new Army War College Command Sergeant Major.

A native of Arrington, Virginia, he enlisted in the United States Army Delayed Entry Program on 16 September 1981 as an Armored Reconnaissance Specialist, MOS 19D. He entered active duty on the 2 September 1982. During his career, he has held every leadership position from Squad Leader to Command Sergeant Major, his most recent position being the Command Sergeant Major of 3rd Battalion, 66th Armor Regiment in Grafenwöhr, Germany.

His military education consists of all levels of NCOES to included being a graduate of the Naval Senior Enlisted Academy, Class 128 and the United States Army Command Sergeants Major Force Management Course. His deployments include KOSOVO KFOR-4A, OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM II and OIF 08-10.

His military awards and decorations include the Combat Action Badge, Bronze Star-2d Award, Meritorious Service Medal-5th Award, Army Commendation Medal-5th Award, Army Achievement Medal-12th Award, Army Good Conduct Medal-10th Award, Army Superior Unit Award, Valorous Unit Award, Meritorious Unit Commendation, Driver-Mechanic Badge-W. He is also the recipient of the Order of Saint George and Saint Maurice, German Weapon Qualification Badge.



Col.  Don Galli, a native of Havertown, Pennsylvania, will be the new Army War College Chief of Staff.

He graduated from East Stroudsburg University in 1986 as a Distinguished Military Graduate, and received a commission as an Aviation Officer. Upon graduation from the Aviation Officer Basic Course and the Initial Entry Rotary Wing Course, COL Galli was assigned to the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Fort Campbell, KY from 1987 to 1991. During this period, COL Galli served as a Platoon Leader and Assistant S-3 for 4th Battalion, 101st Aviation Regiment. Additionally, he served as an Aviation Liaison Officer (BAE) in support of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.

After graduating from the Aviation Advanced Course in 1991, COL Galli was assigned to the 25th Infantry Division (Light), Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, where he served as Commander of A Company, 4th Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment and as a Brigade Assistant S-3, 25th Aviation Brigade.

After serving in Hawaii, COL Galli was assigned to the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare center at Fort Bragg, North Carolina where he earned a master’s degree in International Relations and graduated from the Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Advanced Course. He later served as an Aviation Training Team Leader for Reserve Component Aviation Units at Readiness Group Sheridan, Fort Sheridan, Illinois.

Upon graduation from the Command and General Staff College in 1999, COL Galli was assigned to the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) as the S3 of the 4th Battalion, 101st Aviation Regiment and the Brigade Executive Officer of the 159th Aviation Brigade. He later served as the Aide De Camp and Executive Officer for the Commanding General, First United States Army at Fort Gillem, Georgia. From 2004 to 2007, COL Galli was assigned as to the 101stAirborne Division (Air Assault) at Fort Campbell, KY as the Commander of 5th Battalion, 101st Aviation Regiment (OIF IV). After battalion command, COL Galli attended the United States Naval Warfare College where he earned a master’s degree in National Security and Strategic Studies. COL Galli is currently the commander of the 3rd Combat Aviation Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division.

Colonel Galli's awards and decorations include the Bronze Star Medal (2 OLC), Meritorious Service Medal (2 OLC), Air Medal (2nd award), Army Commendation Medal (3 OLC), Army Achievement Medal (3 OLC), Humanitarian Service Medal, Master Army Aviator Badge, Combat Action Badge, Parachutist Badge, and the Air Assault Badge.

By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
Furloughs can begin April 26, DOD Comptroller says

WASHINGTON, March 11, 2013 - Unless Congress acts to end sequestration, furloughs for Defense Department civilian employees can begin April 26, the department's comptroller said here today.

Robert F. Hale discussed the furlough planning process with a Pentagon audience. The comptroller also took questions sent in via Facebook and Twitter.

DOD is the only agency in the U.S. government that has to notify Congress when it wants to impose furloughs. Officials did that Feb. 20. "There is a 45-day waiting period after we submit that notification before furloughs can start," Hale said.

The department asked commands to identify civilians who would be excepted from furloughs. That information is back in the Pentagon, Hale said, and officials are reviewing the recommendations. Their goal is to complete that review by March 15, he added.

After notifying Congress, the department began legally required bargaining with unions. About a dozen unions have national consultation rights, Hale said, and local commanders are in the process of notifying several local unions. "The unions, in this case, don't have the right to bargain not to do the furloughs, he said. "They do have the right to bargain how they are implemented."

If Congress does not act on sequestration, later this month the department will send letters to the excepted employees and propose furloughs for the rest, Hale said. There is a seven-day period for people to reply to their letters, followed by a 30-day waiting period.

"At the end of that period, we can send decisions of furloughs, and those furloughs can start," he said.

When the formal notice is sent, civilian employees have the right to appeal to the Merit Systems Protection Board. "We've never done this," Hale said, "and I hope we never do. ... It's not quite clear what this appeal right will be, but the appeal right is there."

If Congress does not act, civilian employees will be furloughed without pay for 22 days -- one day a week through the Sept. 30 end of the fiscal year. For affected civilian employees, this amounts to a 20 percent cut in pay from the beginning of furloughs through the end of the fiscal year.

A Timeline of Operation Desert Storm

By ashmccall – February 26, 2013

“Desert Storm” By Frank Thomas (Persian Gulf 1991)

On January 16, 1991, Operation Desert Storm began. The conflict, as know as the Gulf War, was waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. On February 28, 1991, President Bush declared suspension of offensive combat and laid out conditions for permanent cease-fire. Check out the timeline below for a snapshot of events that took place during this time:

Day 1: Wednesday, Jan. 16

- Desert Storm begins at 7 p.m. EST (3 a.m. Jan. 17 in Iraq) with massive air and missile attacks on targets in Iraq, Kuwait.

- President Bush: “We will not fail.”

Day 2: Thursday, Jan. 17

- Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares: “The great showdown has begun! The mother of all battles is under way.”

- Iraqi Scud missiles strike Israel.

- Scud fired at Saudi Arabia is downed by U.S. Patriot missile – first anti- missile missile fired in combat.

Day 3: Friday, Jan. 18

- Amid retaliation speculation, President Bush says Israel has promised not to respond to Iraq’s attack.

Day 4: Saturday, Jan. 19

- At least three Scuds explode in Tel Aviv, Israel, injuring about 17. Israel vows to defend itself but refrains. United States rushes in Patriots, making Army crews first U.S. soldiers to defend Israel.

- U.S. troops raid oil platforms off Kuwait, capturing first Iraqi prisoners of war.

Day 5: Sunday, Jan. 20

- Iraqi TV airs interviews with captured allied airmen.

- Iraq fires 10 Scuds at Saudi Arabia; nine are intercepted, one falls offshore.

Screaming Eagles Attack Village

Day 6: Monday, Jan. 21

- U.S. officials say despite more than 8,000 sorties in five days, elusive mobile Scud missile launchers remain a threat.

- Iraq says it has scattered prisoners of war as shields at allied air targets.

Day 7: Tuesday, Jan. 22

- Iraq fires six Scud missiles at Saudi Arabia; one is destroyed by Patriot, others fall harmlessly.

- Iraq torches Kuwaiti oil wells, tanks.

- A Scud eludes U.S. Patriot missiles and hits Tel Aviv. Three people die.

Day 8: Wednesday, Jan. 23

- U.S. officials deny Saddam Hussein’s claim that allies bombed baby-formula plant, saying plant was a chemical factory.

- Iraq fires Scuds at Israel and Saudi Arabia; no casualties.

- President Bush urges Saddam Hussein be brought to “justice,” suggesting removal of Iraqi president could be a goal.

Day 9: Thursday, Jan. 24

- Number of allied sorties surpasses 15,000.

- Saudi officials report two oil slicks moving south of Kuwait. Allies say Iraq released oil; Iraq blames allied bombs.

Day 10: Friday, Jan. 25

- Japan says it will send military aircraft to assist allies in non-combat situations.

- Scud missiles are fired at Israel and Saudi Arabia. Two people killed.

Day 11: Saturday, Jan. 26

- Massive oil spill grows, threatening Saudi Arabia’s industrial and desalination plants and gulf environment.

- Iraqi warplanes land in Iran. Iran says it has seized them.

- U.S. F-15s enter war’s first major dogfight, shoot down three Iraqi MiG- 23s.

- Pentagon confirms USS Louisville is first sub to launch cruise missile in combat.

- Scuds fired at Israel and Saudi Arabia; no casualties.

- More than 75,000 protesters march in Washington, D.C.

Day 12: Sunday, Jan. 27

- Allies bomb Iraqi-held oil facilities in Kuwait to stop Iraq from dumping oil into gulf.

- Amid fears of terrorism, Super Bowl XXV goes off without a hitch.

Day 13: Monday, Jan. 28

- Iraq says captured allied pilots have been injured in allied bombing raids.

Day 14: Tuesday, Jan. 29

- In largest ground battle yet, battalion-size force of U.S. Marines (up to 800) fire artillery, mortars, TOW missiles, at Iraqi bunkers half-mile away in Kuwait. No U.S. casualties.

- United States, Soviet Union issue communique offering Iraq cease-fire if it makes “unequivocal commitment” to withdraw.

Day 15: Wednesday, Jan. 30

- Scores of Iraqi tanks, thousands of troops advance into Saudi Arabia. Attacks are countered by U.S. Marines, Saudi and Qatari troops. Eleven Marines die.

- Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, allied commander, says allies have air supremacy and are reducing Scud threat.

Day 16: Thursday, Jan. 31

- Saudi and Qatari troops, backed by U.S. artillery, retake Khafji, Saudi Arabia.

- Sheik Abdul-Aziz Bin Baz, Saudis’ leading interpreter of Islamic law, calls Saddam Hussein “enemy of God.”

Day 17: Friday, Feb. 1

- Allies bomb 10-mile-long Iraqi armored column headed into Saudi Arabia.

Day 18: Saturday, Feb. 2

- Two Scuds hit central Israel; no casualties. Patriot downs Scud over Saudi Arabia; two injured.

Day 19: Sunday, Feb. 3

- Allied air campaign passes 40,000-sortie mark – 10,000 more missions than were flown against Japan in final 14 months of World War II.

Day 20: Monday, Feb. 4

- Iran offers to mediate peace talks, resume official relations with United States.

- Battleship Missouri fires at Iraqi positions inside Kuwait – first time ship has fired in combat since Korean War.

Day 21: Tuesday, Feb. 5

- Iraq suspends fuel sales to civilians, worsening heating and transportation problems.

- Syrian troops, in first combat action, repulse Iraqi probe at Saudi-Kuwait border.

Day 22: Wednesday, Feb. 6

- U.S. F-15 fighters shoot down four Iraqi jets as they try to join 120 Iraqi aircraft that have been flown to Iran.

Day 23: Thursday, Feb. 7

- President Bush’s top two war advisers – Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and Joint Chiefs Chairman Colin Powell – leave for gulf to assess war.

- Battleship Wisconsin joins Missouri in firing huge 16-inch guns at sites in Kuwait – first combat firing for Wisconsin since Korean War.

Day 24: Friday, Feb. 8

- Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, en route to Saudi Arabia, gives strongest indication to date ground war is coming. Open question: when.

Day 25: Saturday, Feb. 9

- Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev warns that military operations in Persian Gulf war threaten to exceed U.N. mandate; he says he’s sending envoy to Baghdad for talks with Saddam Hussein.

Day 26: Sunday, Feb. 10

- Saddam Hussein addresses his nation for first time since three days after war started, pledging victory and praising “steadfastness, faith and light in the chests of Iraqis.”

Day 27: Monday, Feb. 11

- President Bush, after meeting with top two military advisers, says alliance is in no hurry to begin ground war.

- News reports in Egypt say Iraq’s government estimates privately that more than 15,000 Iraqi troops have been killed.

Day 28: Tuesday, Feb. 12

- Allied forces open combined land-sea-air barrage against Iraqis in Kuwait – largest battlefield action to date.

- Officials say cost of fighting effects of oil slick lapping at Saudi Arabia’s coast will be $1 billion over next six months.

Day 29: Wednesday, Feb. 13

- U.S. Stealth fighters drop two bombs on fortified underground facility in Baghdad. Iraqi officials claim at least 500 civilians are killed in facility, which they describe as public bomb shelter. U.S. military officials release information they say proves underground facility was military command center.

Day 30: Thursday, Feb. 14

- Pentagon says allied planes have destroyed at least 1,300 of Iraq’s 4,280 tanks, 800 of 2,870 armored vehicles and 1,100 of 3,110 artillery pieces.

- United Nations Security Council meets in closed session to discuss war.

Day 31: Friday, Feb. 15

- Iraq says it is prepared to withdraw from Kuwait, but adds conditions, including Israeli pullout from occupied Arab territories, forgiveness of Iraqi debts and allied payment of costs of rebuilding Iraq. President Bush dismisses Iraqi offer as “cruel hoax.” – Allied forces continue moving supplies toward front in preparation for launch of ground war.

Day 32: Saturday, Feb. 16

- U.S. attack helicopters make first nighttime raids on Iraqi positions.

- Iraq fires two Scuds at Israel, hitting southern part of country for first time; no injuries.

- Iraq’s ambassador to U.N., Abdul Amir al-Anbari, says Iraq will use weapons of mass destruction if U.S. bombing continues.

Day 33: Sunday, Feb. 17

- President Bush says Iraq’s takeover of Kuwait will end “very, very soon.”

- U.S. and Iraqi troops clash in seven incidents along Saudi-Kuwait border; 20 Iraqis surrender to Apache helicopter fire.

- Iraq’s foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, arrives in Moscow for talks with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. He is quoted en route as saying it’s up to allies to act on Iraq’s peace proposal.

- U.S. military, intelligence officials estimate 15% of Iraq’s fighting forces in Kuwait area have been killed or wounded.

Day 34: Monday, Feb. 18

- Floating mines strike two U.S. warships in gulf. USS Tripoli and USS Princeton damaged but still operational.

- Air Force helicopter search team rescues U.S. pilot who parachuted from disabled plane 40 miles north of Saudi border.

Day 35: Tuesday, Feb. 19

- Baghdad Radio reports Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz has returned to Baghdad with Soviet peace proposal.

Living tents are erected. The tent pegs are weighted with sand bags to keep them from pulling out during rain and wind storms. Tent lines are used for laundry. (Jan 1991)

- President Bush says Soviet proposal falls “well short” of what’s needed to end war.

- Iranian newspaper cites Iraqi official as saying Iraq has suffered 20,000 dead, 60,000 wounded.

- Saudi officials say gulf oil slick is smaller than originally feared – 60 million gallons, not 400 million.

Day 36: Wednesday, Feb. 20

- One American killed, seven wounded in fighting along Saudi border. U.S. helicopters destroy Iraqi bunker complex; up to 500 Iraqis taken prisoner.

- U.S. planes attack 300 Iraqi vehicles 60 miles into Kuwait, destroying 28 tanks.

- Baghdad Radio says Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz will travel to Moscow “soon” with Saddam Hussein’s reply to Soviet peace proposal.

- Allied commander Norman Schwarzkopf is quoted as saying Iraq’s military is on “verge of collapse.”

Day 37: Thursday, Feb. 21

- Soviet spokesman Vitaly Ignatenko announces Iraq, Soviet Union have agreed on plan that could lead to Iraqi withdrawal.

- Saddam Hussein declares Iraq remains ready to fight ground war.

- Defense Secretary Dick Cheney says allies are preparing “one of the largest land assaults of modern times.”

- Seven U.S. soldiers killed in helicopter crash – war’s deadliest non- combat accident to date.

Day 38: Friday, Feb. 22

- President Bush rejects Soviet peace plan, deplores Iraq’s “scorched- earth” destruction of Kuwaiti oil fields. He demands Iraq begin withdrawal from Kuwait by noon Feb. 23 to avoid ground war.

- Soviet Union announces eight-point withdrawal plan.

- Iraq sets ablaze one-sixth of Kuwait’s 950 oil wells.

Day 39: Saturday, Feb. 23

- Allies’ ground offensive begins at 8 p.m. EST (4 a.m. Feb. 24 Saudi time).

- At 10:02 p.m. EST, President Bush tells nation, “The liberation of Kuwait has entered the final phase.” Bush authorizes commander Norman Schwarzkopf to “use all forces available, including ground forces, to expel the Iraqi army from Kuwait.”

- At least 200 oil wells and facilities are ablaze in Kuwait.

Day 40: Sunday, Feb. 24

- Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf hails first day of allied ground offensive as “dramatic success.” Allied casualties are very light; more than 5,500 Iraqis are captured.

- Saddam Hussein urges troops to kill “with all your might” in radio speech.

- More than 300 attack and supply helicopters strike more than 50 miles into Iraq, largest such assault in military history.

- Queen Elizabeth II, in first wartime broadcast of 39-year reign, tells her country she has prayed for victory.

- Iraq fires two Scud missiles into Israel; no injuries.

Day 41: Saturday, Feb. 25

- Baghdad Radio reports Saddam Hussein has ordered troops to withdraw from Kuwait in accordance with Soviet peace proposal.

- On Kuwait’s Independence Day, allied forces are reported on outskirts of Kuwait City, poised to liberate capital as more reports surface of Iraqi killings of civilians and torching of buildings.

- Iraqi Scud missile hits barracks in Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Eventual toll: 28 U.S. soldiers killed, 90 wounded.

- U.S. officials report four U.S. soldiers killed, 21 wounded in first two days of allied ground assault; nearly 20,000 Iraqis taken prisoner; 270 tanks destroyed.

Day 42: Tuesday, Feb. 26

- Brig. Gen. Richard Neal in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, says Iraqi forces are in “full retreat” with allied forces pursuing; Iraqi POWs number 30,000-plus, number to climb to 63,000.

- Saddam Hussein announces Iraqi occupation forces will withdraw completely.

- Residents of Kuwait City celebrate end to occupation. Resistance groups set up headquarters to control city.

- U.S. Marine in Kuwait City says U.S. Embassy is back under U.S. control.

Day 43: Wednesday, Feb. 28

- Kuwaiti troops raise emirate’s flag in Kuwait City.

- President Bush declares suspension of offensive combat and lays out conditions for permanent cease-fire

Army, Marines stop new tuition assistance enrollments

By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, March 8, 2013 - Budget problems have forced the Army and Marine Corps to cancel the tuition assistance program, service officials said today.

Navy and Air Force officials said they are studying the way forward with the program and expect decisions next week.

Thousands of service members take advantage of the tuition assistance program, which allows them to take college courses that prepare them for their jobs in the military or as they transition to the civilian workforce.

However, the current fiscal situation forced service officials to make difficult choices, said Navy Cmdr. Leslie Hull-Ryde, a Pentagon spokeswoman. "Each service is responsible for funding and administering tuition assistance funding," she said.

The Defense Department's comptroller issued guidance "indicating that the services should consider significant reductions in funding new tuition assistance applicants, effective immediately and for the duration of the current fiscal situation," Hull-Ryde added.

Army officials announced today that soldiers will not be permitted to submit new requests for tuition assistance. Soldiers currently enrolled in courses approved for tuition assistance are not affected, and will be allowed to complete those courses, said Lt. Col. Tom Alexander, spokesman for the Army's personnel chief.

The Army is taking this step because of the combined effects of a possible year-long continuing resolution and sequestration. "The Army understands the impacts of this action and will re-evaluate should the budgetary situation improve," Alexander said. Soldiers with questions can get answers at their local education centers.

The Marine Corps cancelled its program when across-the-board spending cuts under a "sequestration" mechanism in budget law took effect. Navy Secretary Ray Mabus ordered the Marine Corps to cease new enrollments in the voluntary education tuition assistance program. The Marine Corps falls under the Navy Department.

Mabus said in an all-Navy order that the actions are needed "to preserve support for those forces stationed overseas and currently forward-deployed. Reductions in lower-priority forward operations, and significant reductions in all other operations, training and maintenance are a result of this selection process."

Buddies/Volunteers needed for the 23rd Annual Special Olympics
The 23rd Annual Adult Special Olympics games will be held Saturday, Apr. 27, at the Naval Support Activity in Mechanicsburg.
The Special Olympians, ages 19 and up, will be competing in track and field events as well as in basketball, soccer, softball, swimming and bowling events around the base.  This is the only local event available for adult athletes to qualify for the state games held later this spring.
Hundreds of volunteers are needed to serve as buddies to the athletes and fill a wide variety of roles including set-up and clean-up, photography, food service, running the games (basketball, bowling, soccer, softball, and track events), administration, registration, and ribbon writing. 
Please contact Andre Harrell at  717-605-5062 or Joe Krause at  717-605-1786 to register as a volunteer.

Child Development Center children learn healthy dental habits during National Children's Dental Health Month


On February 21 children from the Carlisle Barracks Child Development Center had a field trip organized by Cathy Luckie, RDH, BSDH, to the Carlisle Barracks Dental Clinic as part of the National Children’s Dental Health Month activities.

The children received a cursory screening dental exam and had an opportunity to get “hands on” with the dental equipment and were encouraged to keep up with healthy dental habits.  The exam was not intended as a diagnostic exam, but rather a familiarization for the children.

Starting infants off with good oral care can help protect their teeth for decades to come.  Dental decay is the most common childhood chronic disease according to the Centers for Disease Control. Cavities affect half of children by middle childhood and nearly 70 percent by late adolescence.

Remember the five simple rules:  Brush, floss, eat nutritious foods and limit snacks. Last but just as important - visit your dentist.

National Inhalants and Poisons Awareness Week March 17 – 23   

They're all over your house. They're in your child's school. In fact, you probably picked some up the last time you went to the grocery store. Educate yourself. Find out about inhalants before your children do.

One on five students in America has used an inhalant to get high by the time he or she reaches the eighth grade.Parents don't know that inhalants, cheap, legal and accessible products, are as popular among middle school students as marijuana. Even fewer know the deadly effects the poisons in these products have on the brain and body when they are inhaled or "huffed." It's like playing Russian Roulette. The user can die the 1st, 10th or 100th time a product is misused as an inhalant.

Most parents are in the dark regarding the popularity and dangers of inhalant use. But children are quickly discovering that common household products are inexpensive to obtain, easy to hide and the easiest way to get high. According to national surveys, inhaling dangerous products is becoming one of the most widespread problems in the country. It is as popular as marijuana with young people. More than a million people used inhalants to get high just last year. By the time a student reaches the 8th grade, one in five will have used inhalants.

What is inhalant use? Inhalant use refers to the intentional breathing of gas or vapors with the purpose of reaching a high. Inhalants are legal, everyday products which have a useful purpose, but can be misused. You're probably familiar with many of these substances -- paint, glue and others. But you probably don't know that there are more than 1,000 products that are very dangerous when inhaled -- things like typewriter correction fluid, air-conditioning refrigerant, felt tip markers, spray paint, air freshener, butane and even cooking spray. See Products Abused as Inhalants for more details.

Who is at risk? Inhalants are an equal opportunity method of substance abuse. Statistics show that young, white males have the highest usage rates. Hispanic and American Indian populations also show high rates of usage. See Characteristics of Users and Signs of an Inhalant User for more details.

What can inhalants do to the body?Nearly all abused products produce effects similar to anesthetics, which slow down the body's function. Varying upon level of dosage, the user can experience slight stimulation, feeling of less inhibition or loss of consciousness. The user can also suffer from Sudden.

Sniffing Death Syndrome. This means the user can die the 1st, 10th or 100th time he or she uses an inhalant.Other effects include damage to the heart, kidney, brain, liver, bone marrow and other organs. Results similar to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome may also occur when inhalants are used during pregnancy. Inhalants are physically and psychologically addicting and users suffer withdrawal symptoms. See Damage Inhalants Can Cause to the Body and Brain, Long-Term Effects of Inhalant Usage and Signs and Symptoms of a Long-Term User for more details.

What can I do if someone I know is huffing and appears in a state of crisis? If someone you know is huffing, the best thing to do is remain calm and seek help. Agitation may cause the huffer to become violent, experience hallucinations or suffer heart dysfunction which can cause Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome. Make sure the room is well ventilated and call EMS. If the person is not breathing, administer CPR. Once recovered, seek professional treatment and counseling. See What To Do If Someone is Huffing for more details.

Can inhalant use be treated?Treatment facilities for inhalant users are rare and difficult to find. Users suffer a high rate of relapse, and require thirty to forty days or more of detoxification. Users suffer withdrawal symptoms which can include hallucinations, nausea, excessive sweating, hand tremors, muscle cramps, headaches, chills and delirium tremens. Follow-up treatment is very important. If you or someone you know is seeking help for inhalant abuse, you can contact the National Inhalant Prevention Coalition at 1-800-269-4237 for information on treatment centers and general information on inhalants. Through a network of nationwide contacts, NIPC can help (but not guarantee) finding a center in your area that treats inhalant use.

What should I tell my child or students about inhalants?It is never too early to teach your children about the dangers of inhalants. Don't just say "not my kid." Inhalant use starts as early as elementary school and is considered a gateway to further substance abuse. Parents often remain ignorant of inhalant use or do not educate their children until it is too late. Inhalants are not drugs. They are poisons and toxins and should be discussed as such. There are, however, a few age appropriate guidelines that can be useful when educating your children. See Tips for Teachers for more details on how much to tell your children or students in the classroom about inhalants.

Inhalants are a diverse group of organic solvents, volatile substances, and propellant gases that are intentionally concentrated and inhaled for their psychoactive effects, which range from an alcohol-like intoxication to hallucinations.

The above information was taken from the National Inhalant Prevention Coalition site and the Army Center for Substance Abuse site. For additional information contact the Army Substance Abuse Prevention office at 245-4576.

Vice Chairman talks challenges with USAWC class

March 7, 2013 –The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chief spoke to the Army War College Class of 2013 via VTC in Bliss Hall March 7.

Navy Adm. James A. Winnefeld Jr. spoke to the class as the capstone speaker for the Defense Management Course and shared his thoughts on the fiscal and environmental challenges facing the Department of Defense.

He said that a multitude of factors are forcing the DoD to re-look how it operates, trains and acquires new equipment and personnel and that the students in the class would be part of developing and executing those new plans.

Winnefeld also said that the students time here at the War College would serve them well in the future.

“All of this study will help shape your idea of where you want to take your leadership journey,” he said.  “You have an outstanding faculty and you are up to the task of what we will ask of you in the future.”

To the Soldiers, Civilians and Leaders of the U.S. Army,

As you are aware, sequestration went into effect on Friday, March 1st.

Over the past several years, we have faced a lack of predictability and flexibility in our budget cycle and a series of cuts.  This fiscal year alone, we face the potential of at least an $18 billion dollar shortfall in our Operations and Maintenance accounts, due to the combined impacts of sequestration, the continuing resolution and contingency funding. These are the funds that allow us to support operations, maintain readiness and pay our civilian workforce.      

While our attention here in Washington is on the fiscal situation and the difficult decisions that will shape our force into the future, we need you to remain focused on the fundamentals: develop your Soldiers, Civilians and our future Army leaders; conduct tough, realistic mission-focused training; maintain and account for your equipment; be good stewards of your resources; and sustain the high level of esprit de corps in your organization.  Our top priority is to ensure that our forces defending the homeland, those in Afghanistan and Korea, and those next to deploy and rotate into theater, have the resources required to execute their missions. We also recognize that along with risks to readiness, sequestration will also bring particular hardship to our Civilian workforce.

We will share information through official Army channels on the impacts of sequestration as soon as it becomes available.  You can also expect your Army leadership to visit major installations in the months ahead to facilitate a dialogue and listen to your concerns and those of your Family members.

Our current fiscal situation is challenging, but we must approach this as an opportunity to demonstrate, once again, our commitment to selfless service and our profession.  Our Army will always remain, in every respect, the Strength of the Nation.  Army Strong!


//Original Signed//

Raymond F. Chandler III

Sergeant Major of the Army


//Original Signed//

Raymond T. Odierno

General, United States Army

Chief of Staff


//Original Signed//

John M. McHugh

Secretary of the Army

Are my children safe and secure? Yes -- at Carlisle Barracks CYSS

March 3, 2012 -- When the garrison commander says that the Child Development Center and Youth Services at Carlisle Barracks are safe and secure environments, he can base his assessment on a great deal of evidence.

“Parents can be confident in Carlisle Barracks’ responsibility and ability to create a safe environment for the children of our service members and civilians,” said Lt. Col. Bill McDonough.  “As commander, I have confidence in the employees, policies and procedures of our Youth Center, Child Development Center and Chapel at Carlisle Barracks, and the Child Development Center at Letterkenny Army Depot.

“According to the results of two Army audits, the Army is equally confident in our ability to serve our community with safe child development services.”

The CDC and YS operations here have been inspected by the Army Audit Agency and the DA Inspector General’s office within the first two months of 2013.  Those audits reinforced, in great detail, what leaders here routinely learn through a tough and regular inspection program.

Four types of operational CDC and YS inspections happen annually:  an unannounced inspection by the Installation Management Command;  an annual self-inspection;  unannounced monthly inspections by military public health staff of both Dunham Army Health Clinic and the U.S. Army Public Health Command; and safety and fire inspections by Carlisle Barracks Fire Services personnel.

Additionally, we are subject to unannounced inspections, as happened last Summer, by the National Association for the Education of Young Children.  The independent, non-DoD national organization re-accredits the CDC every 5 years, reviewing the hiring practices, curriculum and overall management of the centers.  School-age care facilities are accredited by the Council on Accreditation.

“Overall, we are scrutinized and doubly inspected, and our CYSS programs fare well in the scrutiny,” said Liz Knouse, who provides management oversight to the CYSS programs. 

Two additional reviews this year:  AAA and DA-IG inspections

In mid December 2012, the Department of the Army announced the start of an investigation of personnel procedures at the Army’s child development centers after a review of personnel records at one of two CDCs at Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall found information in the background checks of some employees that raised concerns about their suitability for employment in a childcare environment.

Following the initial findings at the Virginia base, Secretary of the Army John McHugh directed an Army-wide review of management and procedures at child care centers, and review of compliance with those policies and procedures.   Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta directed each service to conduct a similar review of hiring practices.

“Military children are precious members of our DoD family. As a department, protecting our service members and their families is paramount.  That includes doing everything we can to provide for the safety of children attending CDCs throughout the department, and ensuring they are provided with the highest quality care by dedicated professionals,” said Panetta in December.  “We owe nothing less to the members of our DoD family who have sacrificed so much for this department and this nation.”

As a first step, every garrison was tasked to verify the completion of 100 percent of employee background investigations of CDC personnel.  Carlisle Barracks completed the action in December.

During a weeklong visit in January, the AAA audit team verified records of background checks during a weeklong visit in January, and assisted in introducing processes that will ensure uniformity across all Defense Department child development centers.  Background checks went well with no derogatory information, according to McDonough.  

In February, the DA Inspector General team gave reviews and guidance to the Child, Youth and School Services program, as well as the Chapel.

Carlisle Barracks contributes CDC expertise

Each team of IG inspectors is augmented by one CYSS expert and local CDC director Mel Irwin is one of them – first, training at the Pentagon and, then, inspecting facilities through the end of March.

“This is huge for us,” said Knouse. “Any time there are sweeping changes, it’s tremendously helpful for us to be on the ground floor of potential changes,” she said about Irwin’s participation on the DA team.

“She was nominated by headquarters CYYS folks because she has had flawless inspections at CDC and the YS throughout her career.  In fact, she was director of one of the first CDCs to be accredited, in 1992.

The Myer case initiated scrutiny of original hiring records – sometimes for people hired decades ago by other agencies or military Services.  An applicant to a CDC position must meet several background investigation requirements, and employment cannot start until favorable completion:

  • Verification of previous employment
  • Reference checks conducted as part of the application screening process, and documented in writing.  Reference checks are required for all categories of CYS Services personnel, to include employees, contractors, providers, volunteers, youth, etc.
  • Installation Record Checks will check multiple agency data bases:  the Medical Treatment Facility, Army Substance Abuse Program, Military Police, civilian law enforcement, any other record check as appropriate, and an additional DA Criminal Investigation Division check of the Defense Central Index of Investigations.
  • For employees and contractors, such as instructors, a Child Care National Agency Check with Inquiries is required.   The CNACI includes a state criminal history records search for the previous five years. 

The Moore Child Development Center at Carlisle Barracks serves 99 children with 20 full-and part-time staff members;  the CDC annex at Letterkenny currently serves about 55 children with a staff of 18 full- and part-time workers.   The Carlisle Barracks Youth Services has capacity for 120 youth, with a staff of 10 full- and part-time employees. 

Armywide, there are 199 child development centers and 84 school age facilities/ youth services programs.


by Thomas Zimmerman
Hammack talks energy with War College students


The Hon. Katherine Hammack, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, talks to Army War College students in Bliss Hall March 1.

March 1, 2013 -- U.S. Army War College students discussed sustainability considerations for senior leaders and the Army Net Zero program with the Hon. Katherine Hammack, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, during a talk in Bliss Hall March 1.

“We are changing the culture so every Soldier, civilian and family member is a power manager,” she said.  “By creating creative solutions and management we enhance mission effectiveness and resiliency.”    

Hammack provided an overview of her organizations mission and then spoke about her priorities in five areas.

Installation Energy

The initiative aims to reduce energy consumption, increase energy efficiency, modernize infrastructure, develop renewable and alternative energy for the vehicle fleets and ensure access to energy supplies.

Energy Initiatives Task Force

Pilot projects at military installations that include solar power initiatives

Net Zero

Energy-Aims for an installation to produce as much energy on-site as it uses, over the course of a year

Water- Limits the consumption of freshwater resources and returns water back to the same watershed so not to deplete the groundwater and surface water resources of that region in quantity or quality.

Waste- Aims for an installation to reduce, reuse, and recover waste streams, and convert them to resource values with zero solid waste to landfills.

Contingency Basing

Army contingency bases must meet commanders’ objectives and integrate fuel, water, and waste disposal system efficiencies.

Operational Energy

Aims at reducing fuel and water demand to reduce logistical burdens, save lives, and expand capability.  To achieve this the Army is deploying Soldier, vehicle, and basing  power technologies, deploying “hybrid” energy systems, establishing a testing and evaluation system, integrated with training as well as doctrine development and working to drive behavior change, she said.