Banner Archive for February 2014

War College student flies 48-star flag over Carlisle Barracks to honor grandfather, all veterans


Lt. Col. Christopher Moretti, a member of the Class of 2014, is joined by his Family and members of his Army War College Seminar after lowering his grandfathers 48-star flag Feb. 27. Marine Corps Private 1st Class Joseph A’Hearn, his grandfather, died during the Battle of Iwo Jima on Feb. 27, 1945.

"When I ask to fly my grandfather’s flag today, I do it to honor all veterans,” he said.

If you looked to the sky Feb. 27  you may have noticed something different about the United States Flag flying in front of Root Hall. No, your eyes weren’t deceiving you; it is indeed a 48-star flag that was being flown in honor of Marine Corps Private 1st Class Joseph A’Hearn, who died during the Battle of Iwo Jima on Feb. 27, 1945.

The flag was flown at the Army War College today thanks to his grandson, Army Lt. Col. Christopher Moretti, a member of the Class of 2014.

A member of F Company 25th Regiment, 4th Marine Division, A’Hearn was wounded by Japanese mortars during an attack on Feb. 25, 1945 and died of his wounds two days later. His remains were returned to the United States in Dec. 1948, along with the very same 48-star flag flown today.

His grandmother saved the flag and other historical documents, many of which were found by him in 2003.

“In December 2003 during leave from CGSC, I finally located my grandfather's 48-star flag,” he said. “My mother, Aunt Pat, and Uncle Richard, agreed that I would be the keeper of the family heirloom. I promised them I would honor my grandfather for his service and would never forget his ultimate sacrifice by flying his flag every year on the anniversary of his death, no matter where I would be geographically located.”

Since Feb. 27, 2004, Moretti has flown the flag every year on the anniversary. During that time is has flown over places like Camp Arifjan, Kuwait, 82nd Airborne Division Headquarters, Fort Bragg, North Carolina; 25th Infantry Division Headquarters, COB Speicher, Tikrit, Iraq; ISAF Headquarters, Camp ISAF, Kabul, Afghanistan; Forze Armate Esercito, Caserma C. Battisti, Aosta, Italy, and 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) Headquarters, Fort Drum, New York.

 The 48-star flag flew from reveille to retreat Feb. 27


“After I flew his flag for the first time at Fort Leavenworth, I planned to return it to my mother, but then I realized the impact the ceremony had on so many people,” he said. “And that’s I have flown it everywhere I have been stationed since then.”

Moretti requested permission to fly the flag and some of his classmates volunteered to serve as the color guard detail for the raising and lowering of the flag.

“All of us who served as the color guard all know someone who has made the ultimate sacrifice,” he said. “When I ask to fly my grandfather’s flag today, I do it to honor all veterans.”

AHEC presents free lecture:  “Inspiring a Nation: Posters from the Homefront during WWI”
The iconic poster of Uncle Sam pointing his finger and proclaiming, “I Want You!” is one of the seminal propaganda posters used during World War I and World War II.  Though this one is most recognized, there were thousands of other posters used to challenge U.S. citizens to uphold their duty and enlist for combat, to buy war bonds, to conserve vital resources, and to make sacrifices for the war effort.
On Saturday, March 1, the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, wants you to join us for a lecture exploring those posters entitled, “Inspiring a Nation: Posters from the Homefront during WWI,” presented by the USAHEC Art Curator, Jim McNally, at 10 a.m. 
The lecture examines the central role of posters as vital tools of communication on the “homefront” during World War I. Once a nation commits to war, it endeavors by every available means to promote support of that war and it strives to enhance the morale and effectiveness of the fighting force.
The posters chosen for this presentation were created by many prominent artists and illustrators of the time and represent the ways the American people supported the cause of their country.
Beginning in January, the USAHEC Winter History Series highlights different eras and topics in U.S. Army history through special lectures and hands-on workshops.  “Inspiring a Nation” closes out USAHEC’s Winter History Series for 2014.
This event is open to the public and free to attend.  Registration is not required, and the lecture begins at 10 a.m. on Saturday, March 1.  As always, USAHEC’s exhibits, to include the new art gallery and the Army Heritage Trail, will be open. Don’t forget to grab lunch at Café Cumberland from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., and feel free to browse the museum bookstore.
Parking is free and the USAHEC facility is handicapped accessible. For more information about this and all other events, please visit the website: or call: 717-245-3972.

Karmin R. Jenkins, Dunham Clinic Internal Behavioral Health Consultant
Are you getting enough sleep?

National Sleep Awareness Week is March 2-9, 2014 and it is all about raising the issues concerned with sleep and encouraging everyone to make sure you're getting enough of it!

The Dunham Behavioral Health Clinic has services to help support the body's natural coping mechanisms to De-Stress:

One of the body's natural stress coping mechanisms is sleep. When you sleep, your mind and body relax, so the next day you're sharper and able to withstand some of life's daily stresses.

The irony is that stress and tension can actually make it harder to sleep. Sleep problems are extremely common in those with persistent stress, and in many cases it can actually cause a cycle that makes it harder to overcome stress in the future.

Racing thoughts and worry often contribute to sleep difficulties. Thoughts often race because of stress or life's problems. Worrying at night when you're in bed trying to get some restorative sleep is counterproductive. It is possible that as a nighttime worrier, you have fallen into the habit of using your sleeping time to think about your problems rather than daytime hours when you can actually do something productive about it. For Relaxation and or counseling services contact 717-245-4602

Dunham Primary Care Clinic supports the patient from head to toe

 Did you know that persons over the age of 5 should  be getting about 9 hours of Sleep per night!  That is usually plenty. However, depending on the age and person, more or less time might be sufficient.  The older you get, the less sleep you tend to need.

Take a look at the below chart and see where you fit according to your age:



Recommended Amount of Sleep


16-18 hours a day

Preschool –aged children

11-12 hours a day


At least 10 hours a day

Adults (including the elderly)

7-8 hours a day


There are medical conditions like snoring problems, insomnia, sleep apnea and other issues that can disrupt our sleep.  A disrupted sleep pattern often leads to feeling fatigued, decreased focus and concentration and a lack of overall productivity.   A constant deficit of sleep or sleep deprivation can lead to fallen asleep at the wheel.  A person may have a medical condition known as Narcolepsy.   Caffeine does not replace Sleep and it is a practice that many have developed which actually impacts the quality of sleep in a negative fashion.

There is help and we encourage you during the month of  March 2014 to have a complete medical check- up and discuss any concerns with your medical provider.  Exercise for a total of 120 minutes per week with at least 3 days per week of aerobic and some strength training is beneficial as well.  The exercise should be at least 2 hours prior to  bedtime. There are other Sleep Hygiene tips available through online resources such as or by attending the Dunham US Army Sleep Hygiene Class offered the 4th Wednesday of each month from 3- 4 p.m. For further assistance contact the Dunham US Army Primary Care Clinic 717-245-3400 option #1 and ask to schedule for the class or make an appointment with your provider.

The Dunham US Army Health Clinic has health  experts available to assist you with the development of a Fitness Plan and the Behavioral office has Relaxation services to assist you with Sleeping better.

The Department of the Army has an initiative to help military medicine beneficiaries  become healthier. The National Sleep Foundation has a variety of resources to help as well. We encourage you to also visit the and take the Sleep 8 for 8 day challenge.

Classes available at Carlisle Barracks Army Wellness Center:

“Healthy Sleep Habits”, a new class offered at the Army Wellness Center-Carlisle Barracks, is designed to provide general information and positive action steps to address sleep habits and improve quality of sleep. In this interactive, 45-minute class, participants will have the opportunity to complete a sleep self-assessment and learn about available resources. In support of National Sleep Awareness Week this class will be offered on March 4 noon and March 5 at 10 a.m. at the Army Wellness Center.

For more information about this and other Army Wellness Center services, call 717-245-4004 or visit our website at

This class is not intended to replace your physician’s professional recommendations for chronic sleep issues.                       

Other resources

National Sleep Foundation Resources: Tuck In Turn Off           


Army Performance Triad Big 3:  Sleep, Activity and Nutrition


Army Performance Triad Big 3:  Sleep, Activity and Nutrition





By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
Dempsey stresses balance in the Fiscal 2015 budget request

 WASHINGTON, Feb. 24, 2014 - Balance is a key word in the fiscal year 2015 defense budget request, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said.

Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey told Pentagon reporters that the budget request he and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel previewed today "represents a responsible and, more importantly, a realistic way forward."

The request, he said, represents both sound national security and fiscal responsibility. "It provides the tools for today's force to accomplish the missions we have been assigned, rebuilding readiness in areas that were, by necessity, de-emphasized over the past decade," he said.

The request also modernizes the joint force, and it ensures the U.S. military is globally networked and can deliver options for the nation, the chairman said. "It reflects in real terms how we're reducing our cost, the cost of doing business, and working to ensure that the force is in the right balance," he added.

The budget request has the money to maintain the world's finest military while transitioning that force to a smaller, more affordable force over time, Dempsey said, noting that the Joint Chiefs have been heavily involved in the process. "The chiefs and I will never end our campaign to find every way to become more effective," he said.

The U.S. military must become more efficient and more innovative as it faces the threats of today and the future, the chairman told reporters. "We'll seek innovative approaches not just in technology, but also in how we develop leaders, aggregate our formations and work with our partners," he said. "We will improve how we buy weapons and goods and services, streamline our headquarters, and, with the support of our elected leaders, shed excess infrastructure and weapons systems that we no longer need and simply can no longer afford."

The budget request also recognizes the imperative of getting personnel costs back in balance, and seeks to slow the growth of those costs, Dempsey said. It provides for a 1 percent pay raise for military personnel, freezing the pay of general and flag officers, slowing growth of the housing allowance benefit and making the TRICARE health care plan more efficient.

If these costs are not brought back into balance, "we'll be forced into disproportionate cuts to readiness and to modernization," the general said.

The men and women of the U.S. military embrace change, Dempsey said. "They are less understanding of piecemeal approaches," he added. "They want -- and they deserve -- predictability."

The chiefs will wait to make any recommendation about military retirement until a panel examining the system completes its study, Dempsey said. "The chiefs and I also continue to strongly recommend 'grandfathering' any future changes to military retirement," he added, "and we'll continue to place a premium on efforts that support wounded warriors and those with mental health issues."

The chairman stressed that the budget request entails risks. "We do assume higher risks in some areas under the [fiscal 2015] budget, and we'll have to manage those risks," he said.

Still, he said, the fiscal 2015 outlook is better than the outlook if sequestration-level cuts return in fiscal 2016, as is currently the law.

"The risks grow and the options we can provide the nation dramatically shrink," Dempsey said. "Now, we're all willing to take risks, but none of us are willing to take a gamble, because at the end of the day, it's our soldiers, sailors, airmen, Marines, Coast Guardsmen -- America's sons and daughters -- who will face tomorrow's challenges with the strategy, structure and resources that we develop today.

"Our most sacred obligation is to make sure they are never sent into a fair fight," he continued, "which is to say that they must be the best-led, the best-trained, and the best-equipped force in the world."

By Nick Simeone, American Forces Press Service
Hagel outlines budget reducing troop strength, force structure

WASHINGTON, Feb. 24, 2014 - Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel has proposed cuts in military spending that include further reductions in troop strength and force structure in every military service in the coming year as part of an effort to prioritize U.S. strategic interests in the face of reduced resources after more than a decade of war.

At a Pentagon news conference today detailing President Barack Obama's proposed Pentagon budget for fiscal year 2015, Hagel called the reductions -- including shrinking the Army to its smallest size since before World War II and eliminating an entire fleet of Air Force fighter planes -- "difficult choices" that will change defense institutions for years to come, but designed to leave the military capable of fulfilling U.S. defense strategy and defending the homeland against strategic threats.

Under a Pentagon budget that will shrink by more than $75 billion over the next two years -- with deeper cuts expected if sequestration returns in fiscal year 2016 -- Hagel and other senior defense and military officials acknowledged that some of the budget choices will create additional risks in certain areas.

Some of that risk, Hagel said, is associated with a sharp drawdown in the size of the Army, which the proposed budget calls for reducing to as low as 440,000 active duty soldiers from the current size of 520,000, while ensuring the force remains well trained and equipped.

The cuts assume the United States no longer becomes involved in large, prolonged stability operations overseas on the scale of Iraq and Afghanistan. "An Army of this size is larger than required to meet the demands of our defense strategy," Hagel said. "It is also larger than we can afford to modernize and keep ready." But he said the smaller force still would be capable of decisively defeating aggression in one major war "while also defending the homeland and supporting air and naval forces engaged in another theater against an adversary."

The budget request calls for special operations forces to grow by nearly 4,000 personnel, bringing the total to 69,700, a reflection of the asymmetrical threats the nation is likely to face in the future, Hagel said.

The restructuring and downsizing are in line with a two-year budget agreement that the president and Congress worked out in December, which limits defense spending to $496 billion. But Hagel warned today that if the budget for fiscal year 2016 returns to the steep, automatic spending cuts imposed by sequestration, "we would be gambling that our military will not be required to respond to multiple major contingencies at the same time."

Asked to define that increased risk, a senior Defense Department official expressed it simply. "If the force is smaller, there's less margin for error," the official said. "Let's face it -- things are pretty uncertain out there."

The proposed budget also envisions a 5-percent reduction in the Army National Guard and Army Reserve. "While it is true that reserve units are less expensive when they are not mobilized, our analysis shows that a reserve unit is roughly the same cost as an active duty unit when mobilized and deployed," Hagel said.

In addition, the Army Guard's Apache attack helicopters would be transferred to the active force, while Black Hawk helicopters would be transferred to the National Guard, part of a broader realignment of Army aviation designed to modernize the fleet and increase capability.

Within the Air Force, the defense budget calls for saving $3.5 billion by retiring the A-10 fleet and replacing it with the F-35 by the early 2020s.

"The A-10 is a 40-year old, single-purpose airplane originally designed to kill enemy tanks on a Cold War battlefield," Hagel said. "It cannot survive or operate effectively where there are more advanced aircraft or air defenses." In addition, the service also will retire the 50 year-old U-2 surveillance plane in favor of the unmanned Global Hawk.

Hagel warned that much deeper cuts in Air Force structure and modernization will be necessary if sequestration is not avoided in 2016.

Among other proposals in the budget request:

-- The Army will cancel the Ground Combat Vehicle program;

-- The Navy would be able to maintain 11 carrier strike groups, but any steep future cuts could require mothballing the aircraft carrier USS George Washington;

-- Half of the Navy's cruiser fleet, 11 ships, will be placed in reduced operating status while they are modernized and given a longer lifespan;

-- The Navy will continue buying two destroyers and attack submarines per year;

-- The Marine Corps will draw down from about 190,000 to 182,000, but would have to shrink further if sequestration returns;

-- An additional 900 Marines will be devoted to securing U.S. embassies;

-- The Defense Department is asking Congress for another round of base closings and realignments in 2017.

Hagel said most of the recommendations in the budget were accepted by senior military officers. Addressing reporters alongside him, Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the spending plan reflects a balancing of the military while ensuring it remains the world's finest.

"It reflects in real terms how we're reducing our cost and making sure the force is in the right balance," Dempsey said.

Dempsey and Hagel will testify on the budget before Congress next week. Lawmakers will have the final say on spending decisions.

"This is the first time in 13 years we will be presenting a budget to Congress that is not a war footing budget," Hagel noted.

Carlisle Mayor and area middle school essay contest winners participated in the Army War College African American/Black History Month Observance, Feb. 21
The War College community welcomed the Carlisle mayor and 20 essay contest winners for the African American/Black History Month Observance on Feb. 21 in Bliss Hall auditorium.
Essay contest winners from seven area middle schools include:
Eagle View:  7th grade – Riley Noga, 8th grade – Thea Nagle
Good Hope:  6th grade – Sofia Rothman, 7th grade – Amanda Works and 8th grade – Anna Tartline
Wilson:  6th grade – Annelise DeYoung, 7th grade – Brianna Murray and 8th grade – Hayat Abdallah
Mechanicsburg:  6th grade - Lilyan Pallis, 7th grade – Susanna Gaither and 8th grade – Reagan Werner
Yellow Breeches:  6th grade – Victor Capozzi, 7th grade – Liza Capozzi and 8th grade – Asia Whittenberger
Saint Patrick:  6th grade – Adler Brininger, 7th grade – Bailey O’Donnell and 8th grade – Jack Bucher
Lamberton:  6th grade – Ainsley Morton, 7th grade – Olayah Safouan and 8th grade – Claire Neiberg
Each winner received a USAWC Certificate of Achievement and a $25 VISA gift card sponsored by the Army War College Foundation and Alumni Affairs.
Carlisle Mayor Tim Scott, U.S. Ambassador to the Army War College Helen Reed-Rowe, and Army War College faculty member Col. Mark Young, participated in a panel discussion addressing Civil Rights at the grassroots and national levels, and from a military perspective, respectively.
The Army War College collaborated with area middle schools to conduct school-based competition and decide on the best essay on “African American Leaders and their impact on Civil Rights,” from each grade, 6th, 7th and 8th, and announce the winners from their schools.
Ethnic food sampling followed the panel discussion in Bliss Hall foyer.

Former Undersecretary of Defense for Policy addresses Army War College

Feb. 19, 2014 -- The Hon. Michele Flournoy opened her remarks to the Class of 2014 by noting her pleasure at speaking at the Army War College where the students challenge her and she learns so much from the question and answer session.

Flournoy, Co-Chair of the Board of Directors of the Center for a New American Security and a senior adviser at the Boston Consulting Group, was the fourth prominent speaker in the Commandant's Lecture Series.

The theme of this year's Commandant’s Lecture Series  explores Landpower and the balance of joint capabilities for 21st century challenges.

Fluornoy focused on three topics: the key parameters that are defining the decision making environment at the most senior levels in Washington for the next several years;  the evolving strategic landscape, and the implications for both the Army and the U.S. Armed Forces.

One of the key elements of decision making involves getting our economic house in order, she suggested. Perceptions of political paralysis generate doubt in some quarters abroad about America’s resilience and leadership in the world. But the U.S. standing remains strong.  

The strategic landscape is influenced by the international security environment, the rise of new powers which are fundamentally changing the balance of power, and continued threats from groups like Al-Qaeda. We have to be smarter about when and how we engage and use all the instruments of our national power in a more integrated way, said Flournoy.

So, she asked the students to consider: what does this mean in general and for the Army? And how do we maintain the best Army in the world?  And what are the best practices and lessons learned from the past 10 years of war?

There is a simmering debate among military officers about what worked and what did not. This debate needs to occur in the open, resulting in constructive criticism, she said. “I hope Carlisle can play a critical role in hosting that debate,” said Flournoy.

USSOCOM Commander engages USAWC students about SOF, partners, global networks

Feb. 20, 2014 -- Army War College student Col.Michael Hertzendorff opened the Bliss Hall presentation by introducing the commander of U.S. Special Operations Command as a strategic thinker and a leader in global application of landpower.

For the next hour, Admiral William McRaven laid out for the USAWC student body the philosophy and strategies of building the global network of SOF partners and partner nations to combat enemy networks. He shared extensive leadership insights about the USSOCOM vision for 2020 and underscored important strategies in working with conventional forces and interagency partners. He offered a ‘picture’ of a SOF soldier as one who thinks through complex problems rather than muscling through.

His remarks prompted several student questions and, later, he met with a couple dozen students who engaged the admiral in a round-robin discussion.

"Admiral McRaven helped us understand how SOCOM and the Army mutually support one another around the world in support of our national interests and strategy, said Army student Col. Robert Borcherding. “Greater cooperation and integration going forward will benefit us both."

“Having the opportunity to hear from and talk to a Functional Combatant Commander helps significantly round out the Army War College learning experience,” said Army student Lt. Col. Keith Phillips. “The fact that it was the SOCOM commander, given SOCOM's integral role in landpower, made it additionally valuable.”

Hall of Fame inducts Maj. Gen. Melara of El Salvador

Feb. 11, 2014 -- The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces of El Salvador joined many other notable Army War College graduates in the International Hall of Fame as its 46th inductee.

The War College leadership, staff, faculty, students and distinguished visitors honored Maj. Gen. Rafael Melara Rivera, a USAWC 2007 graduate, with induction to the International Fellows Hall of Fame on Feb. 11 in Bliss Hall.

“Major General Melara has exemplified the tenets of the Army War College through his leadership of his nation’s armed forces and, in doing so, has greatly honored his alma mater,” said Col. John Burbank, director of the International Fellows Program. Melara was also honored with a congratulatory letter from New Hampshire Governor Maggie Hassan, presented by the state’s Adjutant General, Maj. Gen. William Reddel.  El Salvador has been the New Hampshire National Guard's state partner since 2000.

Melara’s military career began when he was accepted into the Military Academy General Geraldo Barrios in 1981, graduating in 1983 commissioned as a second lieutenant in field artillery. Later he attended the Captain’s Career course at Fort Benning, Ga. Melara’s success as a company and field grade officer was recognized as he was selected to command El Salvador’s Special Forces group as a lieutenant colonel. He deployed as Deputy Commander of the 5th rotation of the Cuscatlán Battalion in to Iraq in 2005, his unit earning distinction and recognition from the multinational commander.

The Hall of Fame, established in 1987, recognizes graduates who have held the highest positions in their nation’s armed forces or an equivalent position by rank or responsibility in a multinational military organization.

Nineteen of Melara’s International Fellow classmates are presently general officers, with four already having been nominated for the Hall of Fame. Melara is only the second general officer from his class to be inducted into the international hall of fame and the first member from El Salvador.

He thanked the War College for the honor and reminded students to take full advantage of their year here, which he called the best of his life.

Carlisle Barracks Soldier receives Purple Heart for injuries sustained in Afghanistan

Staff Sgt. Rodenay Joseph stands with Command Sgt. Maj. Malcolm Parrish, U.S. Army War College Command Sgt. Maj., after being presented the Purple Heart medal for injuries he received June 26, 2012 while assigned to FOB Warrior, Afghanistan, where he served as a paralegal NCO for Headquarters and Headquarters Company 1/504 Parachute Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade Combat Team.  Joseph sustained injuries during an indirect fire attack on the operating base when a rocket exploded directly near his position.

Joseph currently serves as the Paralegal NCOIC in the Carlisle Barracks Post Judge Advocates Office.

Suzanne Reynolds, Public Affairs Office
Faculty focus:  Officer takes on second Army career path
First Year Faculty member and director of the Regional Studies course, Lt. Col. Jerome Sibayan’s contributions to the USAWC Distance Education Program led to his appointment as the General Colin Powell Chair of Military and Strategic Studies.
It came as a surprise to Sibayan who learned of the honor just prior to the Academic Awards Ceremony, which singled out achievements like his, January 21. Academic Chairs are presented to faculty members who by their extraordinary teaching, scholarship, and service contribute significantly to accomplishing the Army War College’s educational mission.
After spending the majority of his military career in the engineering field, Sibayan embarked on a second career path when he was selected for the Professor Army War College Program. In March 2009, he enrolled in the Security Studies doctoral program at Kansas State University.
“It’s a great opportunity,” said Sibayan. “I picked that discipline because I wanted to have a degree that would be useful at the War College,” he said about the field that required learning Chinese in order to read the data needed for his dissertation. “It’s almost like learning three languages,” he said.
After two years as a resident student at Kansas State, Sibayan returned to the Army War College to join the faculty of the Department of Distance Education, and complete his dissertation, “A social network analysis of China’s Central Committee.” Sibayan was awarded a PhD in May 2013, and now focuses his academic interest on the Cold War, East Asia, and China.
As an Army War College professor for almost three years now, Sibayan finds it fascinating and rewarding. 
“It’s been eye opening how much thought and planning has to go into a course,” he said.  He benefits in from seeing students gain new perspectives on the United States and the world, he said.
Sibayan relates well to the online learners of the Distance Education Program, having been a student in the Distance Class of 2008.  He was deployed to Iraq during his second year of studies and understands firsthand the difficulty of completing the program while being deployed with a military transition team.
“It’s kind of interesting in the sense that I can honestly feel the pain of the students who are deployed trying to do this program,” he said.  “I really do understand the challenges.”
Sibayan’s parents emigrated from the Philippines, settling in Oregon where he found his way to Army ROTC and civil engineering at Oregon State University.  Assignments in combat engineering and Corps of Engineers districts led to four years as Chief of the Stryker Transformation Team at Fort Benning. Even though he has an entirely different military career now, Sibayan maintains his licensure in engineering

Chapel restoration underway at Fort Indiantown Gap


Volunteers from the 201st RED HORSE Squadron Alumni Association, which includes former members of the Pennsylvania Air National Guard’s 201st RED HORSE, are renovating one of the installation's historic chapels.


By Maj. Angela King-Sweigart, Fort Indiantown Gap Public Affairs Office

FORT INDIANTOWN GAP, Pa. - Volunteers from the 201st RED HORSE Squadron Alumni Association, which includes former members of the Pennsylvania Air National Guard’s 201st RED HORSE, are renovating the 109th Infantry Regiment’s Chapel located at Fort Indiantown Gap as part of an initiative to preserve the installation’s and the Pennsylvania National Guard’s history, and traditions.

The project began in the fall of 2012, and is spearheaded by the Pennsylvania National Guard Military Museum, a nonprofit organization charged with preserving Fort Indiantown Gap and the Pennsylvania National Guard’s history. The museum received support for the project from the award-winning Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs cultural resource team.

Known as the 109th Infantry Regimental Chapel, or Our Lady of Victory Chapel, it began as a one-room school house in Rankstown in what is now Fort Indiantown Gap. A steeple and stained-glass windows were added to the building during the 1940s using donations from the Dioceses of Harrisburg and Scranton and soldiers of the 109th Infantry Regiment.

“The first step in this renovation process was to move the chapel from its location across from Muir Field to our historic area on post,” said Rita Meneses, cultural resource director for the Pennsylvania National Guard. This was done by loading the chapel onto motorized wheeled dollies and moving it across the installation. “Now we have the range house, the museum and the chapel all in one location, our historic district,” explained Meneses.

The next step was to assess what needed to be done to the chapel to preserve the building while maintaining its historic elements. Major repairs needed to be done on the floor and main beams. The volunteer work is currently being done by our 201st RED HORSE Alumni Association.

Additionally, the chapel has several unique stained-glass windows that were donated over the years by various organizations, several which have the 109th Infantry Regiment crest. The 109th Infantry Regiment is still in existence as a unit within the 55th Armor Brigade, Pennsylvania National Guard, and is known as the 1st Battalion, 109th Infantry Regiment. The unit is presently headquartered in Scranton, but used the building as their chapel during their mobilization leading up to World War II. Members of the 109th Alumni Association have agreed to fund the renovation on their stained-glass windows.

“A major project like this is coordinated between many different areas including construction and facilities maintenance office, training site engineers, reservation maintenance crews, the police department, and public affairs. I’m grateful for all of the support,” said Meneses.

“The Chapel is significant to the Pennsylvania National Guard and Fort Indiantown Gap history because it served the local community first as the Rankstown one-room school house,” said Sgt. Damian J. M. Smith, Pennsylvania National Guard command historian. “When the need was there, the school was moved from Area 10 to Area 9 and began to be used as one of the chapels for the 50,000 soldiers here on post during World War II. As it was re-designated as “Our Lady of Victor Chapel,” it served the members of the Catholic faith for decades. Now moved next to the museum as part of historical district, it will continue to provide history and serve visitors to the post for decades to come.”

African American/Black History Month: "Civil Rights in America"

What is it?

February is African American/Black History Month, a time during which the African Americans are honored. This year, the "Civil Rights in America" is being celebrated and the 50th anniversary of the passing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which was a result of the historic march on Washington in 1963, is being marked. These events are forever linked in American history. People from every creed, color and background shared in these highpoints that now bind all as a nation.

What has the Army done?

The U.S. Army leadership has asked the entire Army family to honor publicly, African Americans contributions by encouraging all leaders from across the Army to plan and execute appropriate commemorative activities to celebrate African American/Black History month.

Why is this important to the Army?

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the crescendo of this country's struggle to make America a better place for all citizens. The Armed forces served as a catalyst for these and many other events set in motion by the 1948 Presidential order to desegregate the military.

From African American Patriots of the Revolutionary War to the Buffalo Soldiers, Tuskegee Airmen and Soldiers who serve valiantly on freedom's frontier today, African Americans have always selflessly served to make this nation free and equal for all. These advancements in civil rights have enabled the Army to field a diverse force defined by notable character. Together, the total Army has earned America's trust as the Strength of the Nation, and in doing so the Army will serve honorably to contribute to global stability and a better world.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

During the period from Feb. 1 through Feb. 28, the Army will highlight and honor African American military and civil service at all levels by telling their story in command information products at all levels.

Throughout the year, the Army will celebrate and commemorate the diversity of the total force. The Army will also leverage and draw strength from the rich diversity within the military and civilian ranks by recognizing it's critical role played in strengthening the nation's presence around the world.

Military Family Life Consultant Program is here to help you

Need to talk to someone?  The Carlisle Barracks Military and Family Life Consultants can help.

“We provide free confidential short-term non medical counseling to service members, retirees, and family members,” said the Carlisle Barracks Military and Family Life Consultant.

Consultants work under clinical supervision and a military point of contact (POC). The role of these consultants is to asses the needs of individuals in need of services and then provides support and/or refers them to resources as needed.

MFLC is available Monday to Friday from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., and is located in Anne Ely Hall in the ACS area.  They accept walk-in appointments or you can call 717-205-9048.

All consultants are masters and PhD clinical counselors that are trained to offer help in many areas:

  • Children and adolescents
  • Couples and families
  • Grief and loss
  • Veterans or Veteran Affairs
  • Military personnel and families
  • School systems
  • Work in various environments
  • Rapid assessment and problem resolution

How the MFLC Program Helps

The MFLC program provides counseling services to military families for the following reasons:

  • Relationships
  • Crisis intervention
  • Stress management
  • Occupational
  • Other individual and family issues

The program also offers psycho-educational presentations to units on many different topics such as:

  • Deployments
  • Grief/Loss
  • Reunion/Reintegration
  • Stress and Coping

How Consultants Help

Services provided by MFLC are short-term and non-medical.  If it is determined that the patient needs more than 12 sessions, the consultant will then refer them to long-term counseling. All information is confidential, no records are made and information is not shared, unless there is a legal duty to warn.

“The only thing we are required to report to appropriate authorities is if suicide ideations, domestic violence, or sexual assault is revealed. Other than that the patient doesn’t have to even tell us their name,” said the Carlisle Barracks MFLC consultant.

Counseling is informal and guide individuals through the effects of military life and provide support through the many tribulations. They do not diagnose mental disorders or provide psychological treatment.

“MFLC are not authorized to conduct mental health testing, so if we suspect the patient might be suffering from a mental disorder we will refer them to a mental health facility for testing,” said the Carlisle Barracks consultant.

Some of the main ways counselors help are:

  • Use techniques to improve problem solving process
  • Provide insight to increase individual and family competency
  • Empower with information and coping skills to increase confidence in handling military life stressors
  • Ensure that personal issues do not hamper operational readiness

Basically, counselors help you understand your situation, find ways to change it and move towards a better place mentally and emotionally.

“Sometimes people just need to talk to someone, and we don’t operate under time constraints. If a patient needs to talk all day they can.”

MFLC For Kids

Kids also have a place in the MFLC. Through the Child and Youth Program, and individual one-on-one counseling MFLC provides a broad-range of support to military children and youth as well as to the family members who support them.  They do this by:

  • Engaging in activities with children
  • Providing direct intervention in classroom or family childcare situations, including assisting staff in setting and managing boundaries
  • Conducting parent and staff training sessions

This greatly helps parents who are temporarily single due to a deployments and need a beneficial place for their children's care.

Former Army Chief of Staff participates in Senior Officer Oral History Program

From left to right, Professor Charles Allen and Brent Bankus interview Retired Army Gen. George W. Casey as part of the Senior Officer Oral History Program.The program, established in 1970 by Army Chief of Staff Gen.William Westmoreland, plays an important role in preserving Army history by recording the experiences of senior officers for the purpose of educating future leaders. Usually conducted three to five years after a senior officer has retired, these oral histories become an integral part of Army history and future education.

Next Perspectives in Military History speaker takes a hard look at America after the Tet Offensive, 1968

The violent North Vietnamese surprise attack known infamously as the “Tet Offensive,” shattered the already uneasy American view of the war in Southeast Asia. 
The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) in Carlisle, Pa., is proud to sponsor a Perspectives in Military History lecture about the politics, assassinations, conflicts, and culture of the year 1968, through the lens of the Tet Offensive, a turning point in American history. 
Please join us to listen to a lecture from the current General Harold K. Johnson Visiting Professor of Military History at the United States Army War College, Dr. William T. Allison, as he presents his ideas regarding the socio-political implications of the Tet Offensive on 1968 America.  The lecture, entitled “The Year of the Monkey: The Tet Offensive, America, and 1968,” will begin at 7:15 p.m. on Wednesday, Feb. 19.
Allison will base his lecture on his new book, On Nostalgia’s Altar: America 1968 (to be published in 2014), making conclusions regarding how the Tet Offensive changed more than just the military direction of the war.  The fighting had wide-ranging consequences and helped to further disillusion the American populace, preventing Lyndon Johnson’s reelection.
Subsequently, Robert F. Kennedy ran for the office, resulting in his assassination.  In addition, the offensive shattered the U.S. military’s belief in North Vietnamese weakness and pushed public opinion of the war to a split between ending the conflict through withdrawal or victory. While the offensive was considered a military failure in its goal of inciting mass riots and sparking a revolution in South Vietnam, the unintended side effects of this “show of force” changed the course of the war and American history itself.
Allison is the current General Harold K. Johnson Visiting Professor of Military History at the U.S. Army War College and former Visiting Professor of Military History at the United States Air Force (USAF) School for Advanced Air and Space Studies from 2010-2011.
He earned his Ph.D. at Bowling Green State and is an accomplished author on the subject of the Vietnam War.  He has published numerous books on the subject such as, My Lai: An American Atrocity in the Vietnam War (Witness to History), Tet Offensive: A Brief History with Documents, and Military Justice in Vietnam: The Rule of Law in an American War. He has served on the editorial board of the Journal of Military History, and as a member of the Department of the Army Historical Advisory Committee.
All Perspectives in Military History lectures are open to the public and FREE to attend.  Doors to the Visitor and Education Center will open at 6:30 p.m., and the lecture will begin at 7:15 p.m.  Parking is free, and the Museum Store will be open. 
For directions, more information, and a complete schedule of USAHEC events, please visit:
or call 717-245-3972.

Carlisle Barracks, Letterkenny host hunting trips for Wounded Warriors

Feb. 1, 2014 -- Recently the Carlisle Barracks community teamed up with Letterkenny Army Depot to provide a unique hunting experience for Wounded Warriors from Bethesda Medical Center.

The Wounded Warriors and cadre escorts from the Warrior Transition Brigade came to Carlisle twice in December to spend the night in Shughart Hall before an early morning wake-up and trip down to lands near Letterkenny, according to Chris Browne, Publications Coordinator Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute. He has been involved in the program since his retiring from active duty in 2007.

“Everything is provided to the wounded warrior including weapon, ammo, hunter orange safety jacket or vest, lunch and a great experience,” said Browne. “The blinds that the warriors hunt out of have wheelchair ramps and are heated.” The deer harvested from the hunt is processed free of charge through the Letterkenny Rod and Gun club.

The recent events were the last for 2013 which included a two day spring Gobbler turkey hunt in the spring and deer hunts in the fall.

The program has evolved in recent years when the Wounded Warriors were housed in local hotels or drive up the same day from Walter Reed to hunt, according to Browne.

“Garrison leadership stepped up and made lodging available here, which really helps a lot,” he said.

Getting involved in these trips was personal for Browne.

“After serving in combat as a First Sergeant in Afghanistan and after realizing what the wounded warrior goes through in the rehabilitation process, I knew this was a way to get them away from the hospital if even for one or two days,” he said. “You go do your therapy and go to all your Doctor's appointments and then you do it all over again until you leave. The Soldiers get to get away from military life for a day or two and that is a rewarding feeling.”

Capt. Joseph Wiseman, Carlisle Barracks Headquarters Company Commander, agreed.

 “I doubt there is a single person on this installation that hasn't had a friend or relative killed or wounded in the last 10 plus years,” he said. “All of these individuals have made significant sacrifices for our country and it is important for us to do whatever we can to ensure they know that we have not forgotten that.”

History Dictates a Need for Landforces

There is a continual need for landforces and its sustained presence is integral to the success of joint forces in the pacific, the commanding general of U.S. Army Pacific outlined in an address followed by a question and answer session with faculty, students, and International Fellows of the School of Strategic Landpower here, Feb. 7.

Gen. Vincent K. Brooks used a combination of historical analogies and present-day examples to explain why land forces are vital in any power projection calculus as well as the growing importance of the Asia-Pacific region.

Brooks described how the situations in Cuba and the Philippines during the Spanish American War were an example of why at the time both sea and land power was and continues to be necessary for decisive success. Then as now a balanced joint force is necessary. “You are going to get it wrong if you don’t think you need landforces in the future,” said Brooks.

Brooks, who peppered his presentation with tips and challenges for the emerging strategic leaders in the student body, is a veteran of tours in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Kosovo with extensive experience in worldwide joint operations.

Humanitarian assistance and disaster response also play a vital role for stability in the pacific as a poor response can ultimately result in national security issues, he said.

Dr. Carol Brooks and Dr. Thomas Williams meet with International Spouses

Dr. Williams, left, and Dr. Brooks, on his right, discuss resiliency with spouses of international fellows from the Indo-Asian-Pacific region.  The exchange about developing resiliency among families complemented the Bliss Hall presentation to the student body about the Army missions in USPACOM by Gen. Vincent Brooks who commands US Army Pacific.

'Gold Star' pins honor survivors of the fallen

By William Bradner, U.S. Army Installation Management Command

JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO (January 29, 2013) – The Army announced today that it will release three public service announcements over the next year to increase awareness of DoD-issued gold star and next-of-kin lapel pins.

Fox Sports plans to air the first PSA Sunday, in the half-hour before kickoff of Super Bowl XLVIII.

The pins are designed to signify the loss of a loved one in support of our nation. Although the gold star pins have been in existence for decades, many Americans are unfamiliar with their meaning. The PSAs were developed to help educate and inform the public of the significance of the pins.

"It's heartbreaking to think that a mom wearing a gold star might have someone ask her, 'What a beautiful pin, where do I get one?'," said Donna Engeman, a gold star wife who manages the Survivor Outreach Services program for the Army.

"We decided we had to do something to ensure the nation—the world—recognizes what that pin really signifies," Engeman said.

Though the gold star and next-of-kin lapel pins are a Department of Defense program, the Army's Installation Management Command has taken on the mission of educating the public. This year, Gen. Ray Odierno, Chief of Staff of the Army, directed IMCOM to develop a campaign to inform America of the significance of this symbolic gold star pin.

"We're committed to our survivors," said Lt. Gen. Mike Ferriter, IMCOM commander. "We owe it to them to ensure they get the support and service they deserve for as long as they need it."

"Educating the public on the meaning behind the gold star pins is simply another way to reaffirm to our survivors that we understand and honor the sacrifices they've made for our country," Ferriter said.

The PSAs consist of documentary-style interviews and narrative stories from real survivors who volunteered to be a part of the project.  The voice-overs were provided by Academy-award-nominated actor Gary Sinise.

"We tried to ensure the PSAs reflected the diversity of surviving families as well as honoring their service and sacrifice," said Hal Snyder, chief of IMCOM's Wounded and Fallen Support Services office. "The PSAs include moms and dads, brothers and sisters, children, husbands, wives…."

"The point is you might see a Gold Star pin on just about anyone," Snyder continued, "and we wanted to make sure everyone knows what that pin represents."

The PSAs also serve to gently remind the American public that the freedom they enjoy comes at a cost, Snyder said.

"The call to action is to honor and learn," he explained. "Honor those who have fallen, and learn about a small, but meaningful symbol presented to families who have lost a service member."

The Army also plans an extensive outreach effort through social media and partnerships with corporate America.

"The more people who see these, the greater the opportunity to recognize and honor families of the fallen," Snyder said.

The Army's Survivor Outreach Services program currently supports more than 55,900 surviving military family members.

Army Reserve Senior Leaders Meet with Students

Senior Army Reserve leaders met with reserve component Army War College students here to share the insights of the Chief of the Army Reserve’s priorities and initiatives, and offer career guidance, Jan. 29 and 30.

Brig. Gen. Margarett E. Barnes, Deputy Commanding General, Human Resources Command and Brig. Gen. Tammy Smith, Director, Human Capital Enterprise discussed Human Resource Command operations, the new officer evaluation report, engagement cells and private/public partnerships with the 22 reserve component resident students of the 2014 class. Students also met with the generals one-on-one about their career goals.

As the active Army prepares for changes, the Army Reserve stands ready to support. Army Reserve engagement cells and teams are being created to support the Reserve’s role in the Army’s regionally aligned forces effort. These cells, lead by a brigadier general, are composed of small teams focusing on Reserve capabilities that will assist commanders in developing a plan for optimal use of reserve forces.

As the active component faces cuts this year, commanders should discuss with Soldiers the opportunity to continue their careers with the Army Reserve or Army National Guard, they said. Soldiers who choose to serve with the Reserve or National Guard are eligible for many benefits and the chance for future education and training.

Power switch slated for Feb. 10

Important information for you to know - On Feb. 10 at 4:30 a.m. the post will switch back over to the main power supply, completing the repairs that began earlier this week. This means that you may notice a short power interruption as the switch is made. This will affect the entire installation.

This may re-set any electrical devices in your home so be sure that alarm clocks or other devices have battery back-ups

Post tax center now open for business

U.S. Army War College and Carlisle Barracks leadership pose for a photo with the Tax Center volunteers and staff during a celebration of the opening of the center at 309 Engineer Ave on Carlisle Barracks.

Feb. 1, 2012 -- The Carlisle Barracks tax center is offically open for business and is is located at 309 Engineer Ave and available to all military and their Family Members as well as military retirees.

The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance, VITA, has already begun scheduling appointments for tax services. 

Call 717-245-3986 for appointments  from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Eligible patrons of the VITA tax service include active duty military and their family members; and military retirees.

You will need to bring the following documents to your scheduled appointment.

* Military ID card

* W-2 form (active duty will receive W-2s though "My Pay")

* W-2 forms for each family member who earned income

* Form 8332 or copy of divorce decree for non-custodial parent claiming a child

* Social Security card for taxpayer and every family member listed on your return

* 1099-INT for any taxable interest paid to you or credited to your account

* 1099-DIV for any income from stocks, mutual funds, investment companies or a real estate trust

* If you sold stocks, bonds or mutual funds during the tax year, you must know your cost basis. If you do not know, call your broker to obtain the information.

* Documentation verifying your real estate taxes paid on your primary residence

* If you are itemizing deductions, you will need to provide proof of deductions – this is a requirement for charitable contributions

* A voided check or deposit slip to ensure refund monies are dispersed properly

* A copy of last year's tax return


NOTE: Active duty non-resident spouses with income not taxable to Pennsylvania must provide a copy of the service member’s military orders showing they were ordered to service in Pennsylvania. They must also provide a copy of their resident state’s driver’s license.

For patrons that are not familiar with Carlisle Barracks, please use the “Claremont Gate” access point. Turn onto Jim Thorpe Road from Claremont Road and loop around to the Security guards. If you do not have a DOD sticker on your vehicle, you must use the visitor’s lane.


Directions to the tax center


Proceed straight across Claremont Road onto Carlisle Barracks


LEFT – Delaney Road


LEFT – Forbes Ave


RIGHT –Ashburn Drive (Fire House)


LEFT – Lovell Ave (“Y” in the road)


RIGHT – Pratt Ave (Follow Tax Office Sign)


LEFT- Indian Garden Lane (Follow Tax Office Sign)


Follow down Indian Garden lane behind the LVCC and past the pool to the parking lot in front of Building 309. Handicapped parking is located in the parking lot closest to the building.