Banner Archive for February 2013
Demonstrations and Exhibits of Animal Horn tools and vessels available at AHEC
The centuries old art of forming animal horn into useful and beautiful tools, drinking vessels, and firearms accoutrement is on display this weekend at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center.  USAHEC is proud to host the 2013 annual meeting of The Honourable Company of Horners on Friday, Mar. 1, noon-5 p.m. and Saturday, Mar. 2, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. in the Visitor and Education Center. This event is open to the public. 
Visitors to the facility will have the opportunity to speak with world-class horners and will be treated to several unique demonstrations and exhibits.  Featured demonstrations and displays include the Horner’s Guild Ceremonial Blowing Horn and living historians using eighteenth and nineteenth century horner’s tools and skills. 
Visitors can also see the entrants into various Horners’ Guild competitions, including the best Contemporary Engraved Horn, Traditional Engraved Horn, Carved Horn, and horn bags and horn objects.  New this year is a competition for guild members to make a powder horn or horn object using only the resources and tools available 200 or more years ago.  These objects will be on display in a special area during the event.  The competitions will be capped by judging the finalists in the annual blowing horn and drinking vessel contest.  In addition, the Guild will proudly display and demonstrate the use of their hand-made spring pole lathe, a wood working technology in continual use since ancient Egyptian times!
USAHEC’s main exhibit, “The Soldier Experience,” will be open, as will the museum store, and Café Cumberland.  Additionally, the horners will be selling handcrafted items.  Parking and admission are free to both the USAHEC facility and the annual meeting.  For more information, please call 717-245-3972.

Message to the Department of Defense from Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel

To All Department of Defense Personnel:

 Earlier today I was privileged to take the oath of office to become the 24th secretary of defense.  I am humbled by and grateful for the opportunity that President Obama and the Congress have given me to once again serve our nation.

I am most especially grateful for the opportunity to work with all of you.  Every day you work to defend America.  The noble cause of your profession, your individual sacrifices, and your service inspire us all.

 As your leader, I will always do my best for our country and for all of you -- and your families.  As with my friends and predecessors Leon Panetta and Bob Gates, your safety, success, and welfare will always be at the forefront of my decisions.  I will build on the strong foundation of teamwork built by Secretaries Gates and Panetta, as we work together.  Leadership is a team business.          

I have long believed that America must maintain the strongest military on earth; we must lead the international community, with a steady and sure hand to confront threats and challenges together as we work closely with our allies and partners to advance our common interests and build a more hopeful world.  We must use all tools of American power to protect our citizens and our interests; and America must engage -- not retreat -- in the world, but engage wisely.

This is a defining time for the United States military and for our nation.  We are emerging from more than a decade of war, yet the threats facing us are no less dangerous or complicated.          

Despite these challenges, I believe an historic opportunity exists to help build a safer, more prosperous, and more secure world.  But to achieve this goal we must ensure that we are ready, trained and equipped to fulfill our role of protecting the country and standing firm against aggression.  To that end, the strength, well-being and readiness of our all-volunteer force will be my top priority.  This will require 21st century agility and flexibility.  We must take care of our people, and working with the VA and other institutions, I will ensure that you and your families get the health care, job opportunities, benefits, and education you have all earned and deserve.  My life and career have been about helping our service members, veterans and their families.  One of my proudest accomplishments in the U.S. Senate was coauthoring with my fellow Vietnam veteran and friend, Jim Webb, the Post-9/11 G.I. Bill.

 As I assume this office, I am mindful of the sacrifices that you and your families have made for more than a decade, and continue to make every day.  In Afghanistan, where 66,000 of our troops remain in a tough fight, we have a clear and achievable objective to fully transition security responsibility to the Afghan National Security Forces by the end of 2014.  As you know, Afghan forces will step into the lead for security operations across the country this spring, and over the next year another 34,000 of our troops will come home.

 As we turn the page on more than a decade of grinding conflict, we must broaden our attention to future threats and challenges.  That means continuing to increase our focus on the Asia-Pacific region, reinvigorating historic alliances like NATO, and making new investments in critical capabilities like cyber. 

In order to accomplish our mission, we also must make wise budget decisions prioritizing our interests and requirements.  Like each of you, I am greatly concerned about the impact that the looming round of automatic budget cuts will have on you and your families, and on military readiness.  As someone who has run businesses, I know that severe budget uncertainty limits our ability and flexibility to manage and plan and use taxpayer dollars in the most efficient manner possible.  I will work within the administration and with Congress to help resolve this uncertainty in a way that does not break America's commitment to you, your families, and our veterans. 

As I begin my time here at the department I want you to know that I recognize the immense responsibility that I have, and will work hard every day to fulfill my duties as secretary of defense as honestly and effectively as I know how.  You are the greatest force for good in the world.  It is the highest honor to serve alongside you.  I am proud to be part of your team.  Thank you for your commitment and dedication to our country.

British General Sir James J. C. Bucknall delivers Roosevelt Lecture at USAWC

Feb. 26, 2013 -- As part of the Kermit Roosevelt Lecture Program, British Lt. Gen. Sir James J. C. Bucknall, Allied Rapid Reaction Corps Commander, spoke to the Army War College Class of 2013 Feb. 26.

Bucknall’s presentation focused on his observations about interventions from the past decade. He argued that globalization has changed how countries deal with interventions and how countries will continue to use interventions in the future.

British Lt. Gen. Sir James J. C. Bucknall, Allied Rapid Reaction Corps Commander, speaks to the Army War College Class of 2013 in Bliss Hall Feb. 26 as part of the Kermit Roosevelt Lecture Program.

The lecture program is part of an ongoing relationship between the U.S. and the U.K. for the past 67 years. Bucknall took a moment to reflect upon the two countries’ shared relationships, mentioning they were rooted in family, forged in combat and had constructive tension.

Bucknall’s military service began in 1977as a guardsman.  During his career, he commanded the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards, was Chief of Staff of the 1st (UK) Armoured Division in 1998 and commanded the 39 Infantry Brigade. He became the Ministry of Defence’s Counter-Terrorism and UK Operations Director in 2004 and served as the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps Chief-of-Staff. In Feb. 2011, Bucknall became the Commander of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps.

Lecture series background

The Kermit Roosevelt Exchange Lecture Series began in 1947. The idea for an annual exchange of American and British military lecturers came from Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt, who intended it as a memorial to her late husband.

The U.S. Congress enacted legislation in 1945 which authorized the Kermit Roosevelt Fund and established in the War Department a Board of Trustees to implement and administer the exchange program, "…for the purpose of fostering a better understanding and a closer relationship between the military forces of the United States and those of the United Kingdom by sponsoring lectures or courses of instruction…"

The exchange lectures have been held every year since 1947. As of 1997, the lecturer from the United Kingdom spoke at the United States Military Academy, the U.S. Army War College, and the Armed Forces Staff College in addition to the Command and General Staff College. The lecturer from the United States spoke at the Military College of Sciences, The Royal Military Academy, the Joint Services Defence College and the Ministry of Defence. The Kermit Roosevelt Fund was sustained through 1957 by Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt, and through 1969 by grants from the Rockefeller and McCormick Foundations. In 1970, it was mutually agreed that the Kermit Roosevelt Lecture Series would be officially support by the United Kingdom and the United States as a continuation of the program formerly sponsored by the Kermit Roosevelt Fund.

by Thomas Zimmerman
Industry Day highlights Defense Management course

Industry Day guests pose for a group photo before the morning sessions in Bliss Hall. The event is one of the highlights of the Defense Management course at The War College. photo by Scott Finger.

The Army War College brought together leaders in industry to talk with the future leaders of the military during the 2013 Industry Day.

Held Feb. 27, the event is a major component of the Defense Management course for Army War College students and provides a forum for students to gain a better understanding of the military-industrial relationship, the Army requirements and capabilities development process, and acquisition processes. The theme for this year’s event was “defense industrial base for the 21st century.”

“This is a fantastic opportunity to learn,” said Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, War College commandant. “You have an unusual opportunity with great timing. This will help you understand the complex relationship between the DoD and industry to develop capabilities.”

The day-long event includes both Bliss Hall lectures and seminar room discussions with invited guests.

Guest speakers Mick Maurer, president of Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, Helen Greiner, CEO of CyPhy Works, Inc.  provided the industry perspective during the event. Maj. Gen. Harold Greene, Deputy for Acquisition and Systems Management, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army, provided some comments from the government perspective.

Maurer spoke about his company’s efforts in support the DoD, including their trademark aircraft, the Blackhawk. He stressed the importance of joint investment in new technology and innovative contracting.

Greiner spoke about the different methods of technology adoption, using her experience as a founder of iRobot. She also discussed the challenges of constant advancements in technology and provided a small business perspective on the military-private industry relationship. 

Greene, a 2003 USAWC grad, provided the government side of the relationship, providing an overview of the organic industrial base and the challenges for purchasing new equipment as budget levels decline.  

After the Bliss Hall discussions, students and the nearly 30 guest returned to seminar rooms to confer on the issues and challenges facing both sides.

The Army War College thanks the Army War College Foundation and AUSA for their support of the event. 

by Thomas Zimmerman
Flournoy shares perspective on defense spending, options during lecture series

Michèle Flournoy, former Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, spoke to the Army War College Class of 2013 in Bliss Hall Feb. 20 as the most recent speaker in the Commandant’s Lecture Series.  

Feb. 20 -- Continuing with the theme of keeping defense strong in an era of austerity, Michèle Flournoy, former Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, shared her unique perspectives on the issue of with the Army War College Class of 2013 as part of the Commandant’s Lecture Series Feb. 20.

Flournoy started her remarks by framing the global security environment and outlined a few key aspects.

  • We live in a complex and volatile world
  • There are challenges for the U.S. as it comes out of a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan
  • There are challenges in a congested global commons
  • There is the continued threat of al Qaeda
  • The is an ongoing threat of nuclear proliferation

“There is no strategic pause or period of calm on the horizon,” she said.  

Guarding against retrenchment, staying engaged in the world

“With all of these challenges, there is a huge temptation to turn inwards, but we cannot,” she said. “The US has a very important and unique leadership role to pay in the world. We are indispensable in leading our alliances around the world to deal with common threats. “

Flournoy went on to explain how she felt the U.S. can balance these competing agendas.  

“We have to be smart and selective about that engagement, where and how we get involved,” she said. “It’s imperative, in my view, that institutions like the Army War College lead the way in helping to shape that principled pragmatism by sorting through the right and wrong lessons to learn from the past 10 years of war.”

Right ways and wrong ways to manage the looming budget cuts

Flournoy spoke about how she felt the budget cuts could be done effectively.

“Now is the time to go back to first principles, remember what our enduring national interest are – protecting and advancing American prosperity, our security and our way of life,” she said. “Now is the time to remember that the foundation of our national power in the world and our prosperity is our economy. “

A budget agreement is key to this idea she said.

“Our top priority must be in getting our economic house in order,” she said. “We have to get a budget deal that addresses all of the fundamental challenges -- it will almost certainly cut additional defense spending.”

The challenge is balancing two key areas – “how do we maintain the best military in the world, ready for the future, and still keep faith with our all-volunteer force,” she asked.

“As we deal with reduced defense spending we need to try to preserve the capabilities, the readiness, the agility, we need to protect Americans interests in a challenging and unpredictable environment.,” she said. “We need to retain the ability to respond effectively to a broad range of contingencies and time to protect out interest and our allies from harm. “

Flournoy went on to say that the DoD must protect mission-critical capabilities even as it adjusts to a new set of fiscal constraints.

“Making additional deep cuts in force structure, readiness and modernization should be the last resort, not the default course of action.”

She outlined four areas where she felt spending could be reduced without affecting capabilities and breaking faith with the men and women who serve and their families.

Overhead in headquarters

  • “We need to systemically streamline and de-layer our headquarters in OSD, in the joint staff, in the services, in the CoComs, and the defense agencies,” she said. “ As budget pressures mount, DoD needs to ask Congress for the authorities it needs to do this kind of streamlining and re-shaping of its workforce.”


  • “I am not talking about cutting benefits, but using management tools and taking an unmanageable system and put it on a manageable trajectory,” she said. “We need more aggressive management in this area. “

Excess infrastructure

  • “DoD desperately needs another round of BRAC to reduce excess infrastructure that diverts billions of dollars from readiness,” she said.


  • “We need a fundamental overhaul of our acquisition system,” she said. “Timelines are unresponsive to need and there is a lack of ability to adapt to a changing threat.  There is opportunity here for more fundamental reform. “


By Tom Conning

Essay contest winners write about famous leaders and local color guard instructor

Rosa Parks, Harriet Tubman and Jackie Robinson are familiar names in American History. And, Toni Tunstall is a new name for American history. The color guard instructor at Lamberton Middle School in Carlisle, Pa., Tunstall inspired Katherine Stockton-Juarez's award-winning essay about the influence of African-American leaders.

      Katherine Stockton-Juarez receives a certificate from County Commissioner Barbara Cross during an awards ceremony on Carlisle Barracks, Feb. 21. Stockton-Juarez was one of 23 students who won recognition for her essay on African-American leaders and their impact.    

 Stockton-Juarez is one of 23 middle school students from eight Carlisle area schools who received awards and applause for their writing achievements, Feb. 21 at the Army War College. The writing awards ceremony was the highlight of a community-wide essay contest sponsored by the Army to recognize the African-American contributions to the nation -- part of Carlisle Barracks' Black History Month.

Col. Bobby Towery, Army War College Deputy Commandant, Pa. Rep. Stephen Bloom, Cumberland County Commissioner Barbara Cross, Carlisle Mayor William "Doc" Kronenberg, Army War College personnel and community members joined Army War College leaders and staff for the ceremony.

Stockton-Juarez wrote about Tunstall because she followed her dreams and didn't care about other people's opinions. "Toni Tunstall may not have changed our entire society, nor has she saved lives or stopped a disaster, but what she has done is influence many young, local adults," wrote Stockton-Juarez. "She has planted a seed, and it may grow just as big as Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream."

Tunstall could not attend the ceremony but said that she felt honored and proud that Stockton-Juarez wrote an essay about her. "Katherine just told me about it at practice one day," said Tunstall. "I haven't read it yet and I am looking forward to reading it."

Wilson Middle School, Lamberton Middle School, Saint Patrick School, Big Springs Middle School, Mechanicsburg Middle School, Eagle View Middle School, Good Hope Middle School and Yellow Breeches Middle School partnered with Carlisle Barracks for this Black History Month recognition event.

During the ceremony, Col. David Funk, warned the essay contest winners that they might have Army War College students asking for help with writing Strategy Research Projects. "Some of these colonels could use your help," said Funk. "If you see someone in a bad suit approaching you rapidly with a desperate look on their face, it's probably a student in search of SRP help. Run the other way."

Cora Haefner, sixth-grade winner from Saint Patrick's, has offered tips to her dad, Army War College student Lt. Col. Jack Haefner. "I have her read my SRP," he said. "If she can make sense of it, I know I'm good."

Cora Haefner (center-right) accepts awards from Lt. Col. Bobby Towery (right), Army War College Deputy Commandant, and Cumberland County Commissioner Barbara Cross (center-left) during an awards ceremony on Carlisle Barracks, Feb. 21. Haefner was one of 23 students from eight different middle schools who participated in a Black History Month essay contest. 

Essay contest winners:

Big Spring Middle School, 6-7-8th grades: Alanna Appel, Baylee Hartman, Bailey Jones

Eagle View Middle School, 6-7-8th grades: Madelin Levy, Jonathan Lyon, McKenna Anderson

Good Hope Middle School, 6-7-8th grades: Megan Saccary. Phobe Sobotta, Bridget Suhr

Lamberton Middle School, 6-7-8th grades: MacKenzie Ellis, Virginia Mele, Katherine Stockton-Juarez

Mechanicsburg Middle School, 6-7-8th grades: Drue Cappawana, Reagan Werner, Gemma Standley

Saint Patrick School, 6-7-8th grades: Cora Haefner, Cora DeFrancesco, Jovan Markovic

Wilson Middle School, 6-7-8th grades: Maddie Cutchall, Arianna Floyd, Marlene Lee

Yellow Breeches Middle School, 6-7th grades: Nathan Housel, Elaina Clancy

U.S. Army War College, PKSOI conduct 'Challenges Forum Working Group'

On Feb. 11, selected members of Working Group 2 (Comparative Policies, Principles, and Guidelines; led by the USA and Pakistani representatives) arrive in Carlisle to attend a work session at the Army Heritage and Education Center on Feb. 12.

With participants from Australia, Russia, Egypt, Nigeria and Sweden and the online participation of the Pakistani Chairman, PKSOI and the Swedish Secretariat of Challenges Forum presented the current status of a database project. This database will establish an electronic community of practice among the Partners that will consider all relevant concepts, principles, guidelines and associated doctrinal materials in order to increase understanding, cooperation and harmonization, across international, regional, sub-regional and national organizations involved in peace operations. The working group established the next milestones for developing the database.

On Feb. 13 they joined the other working groups’ members in New York City, in preparation for reports and briefing sessions with selected UN leadership.

USAWC’s PKSOI has represented the USG as a partner in the Challenges Forum since its inception in 1997. The Challenges Forum currently includes 19 partner nations and seeks to promote and broaden the international dialogue between key stakeholders that address peace operations issues in a timely, effective and inclusive manner.   In 2011, the Challenges Forum acknowledged the Department of State’s Bureau for International Organizations as a co-partner with PKSOI in USG representation. 

Of note, the Challenges Forum assists in research and publication of significant United Nations’ (UN) initiatives, projects, and documentation that furthers multi-functional and multi-national approaches toward peace operations planning, training, and execution. As examples, the 2009 UN Capstone Doctrine and the 2010 handbook, “Considerations for Mission Leadership in UN Peacekeeping Operations,” were both authored primarily by the Challenges Forum, which included PKSOI team members as the lead writers. This handbook is the basic text for training all mission commanders and SRSG’s deploying to UN missions. The Army Knowledge on Line has posted this handbook on their web portal for Army Service Component Commands.

There will be several meetings of the Challenges Forum in East Africa, Argentina, Norway and China. All working groups will present and discuss their topics, including “Future Concepts and Models for Peace Operations” and “Impact Assessment and Evaluation.”

PKSOI will continue to represent the United States in the Challenges Forum and support these efforts with its subject matter experts. In particular, during the next six months it will play a leading role in constructing the database.

By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service

If sequestration triggers, furloughs begin in late April

WASHINGTON, Feb. 20, 2013 - If sequestration is triggered next week, unpaid furloughs for civilian Defense Department employees will start in late April, Pentagon officials said here today.

Sequestration is a provision in budget law that will trigger major across-the-board spending cuts March 1 unless Congress agrees on an alternative.

DOD Comptroller Robert F. Hale told reporters at a Pentagon news conference that if sequestration happens, the department will cut virtually every program and investment, and that almost all civilian employees will feel the pain.

Jessica L. Wright, the acting undersecretary of defense for personnel and readiness, said that sequestration and the continuing resolution -- a temporary funding measure for the federal government that's set to expire March 27 -- also will have a devastating on military personnel.

"But on our civilians, it will be catastrophic," she added.

"Everything is going to be affected, should sequestration go in effect," Wright said. "That's a guarantee. I think that everybody will be impacted by this action. And I think it's incumbent upon us to try to ease that where we can."

The department already has taken actions to alleviate some of the pressures. DOD has slowed spending, instituted a hiring freeze, ordered layoffs for temporary and term employees and cut back base operations and maintenance.

If sequestration hits, this pain will seem minor by comparison. Operations and maintenance funding is the only way to provide the $47 billion in required cuts for the remainder of the fiscal year, which ends Sept. 30.

Within a year, two-thirds of the Army combat brigade teams will be at unacceptable levels of readiness, Hale said. Most Air Force units not deployed will be at an unsatisfactory readiness level by the end of the year. Navy and Marine Corps readiness also suffer, Hale said.

The process of furloughing civilians began today, with Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta sending notification to Congress. "That starts a 45-day clock ticking, and until that clock has run out, we cannot proceed with furloughs," Hale explained.

If sequester happens, each employee will be notified. "That starts a 30-day clock -- waiting period -- before we can take any action," the comptroller said. "The bottom line is furloughs would not actually start for DOD employees until late April, and we certainly hope that ... in the interim, Congress will act to de-trigger sequestration."

The vast majority of DOD's almost 800,000 civilian employees will be furloughed, Wright said. DOD civilians in a war zone and political appointees who are confirmed by the Senate will not be furloughed. Nonappropriated fund employees and local national employees will not be affected.

Limited exceptions will be made for the purposes of safety of life and health, Wright said, such as firefighters and police. And if a military hospital has only one neonatal nurse, for example, that person could be exempted, she added.

While military personnel accounts are exempt from sequestration, there will be second- and third-order effects, Wright said. For example, hours at exchanges and commissaries could be affected, and family programs could be reduced or cut. It is unclear at this point how DOD Education Activity schools will be affected.

The spending cuts will affect military health care, as some 40 percent of the personnel working in the system are civilians. Elective surgeries could be delayed or eliminated, and costs cannot be shifted to the TRICARE military health plan, because that program also will be hit by cuts.

Affected employees would be furloughed for 22 discontinuous days -- 176 hours -- between implementation and the end of fiscal 2013, with no more than 16 furlough hours per pay period.

Fiscal 2013 is just the beginning of a decade of budgetary problems, Hale said.

"The Budget Control Act actually requires that the caps on discretionary funding beyond fiscal '13 be lowered for defense by $50 billion to $55 billion a year," he said. "If those come to pass, then we will have to look at a new defense strategy. That would be the first thing that we'd do."

The new strategy would accept more risk and also be based on having a smaller military.

For now, officials "devoutly would wish for some budget stability right now," Hale said. "And I think it would benefit the department and the nation."

Panetta issues message to DOD workforce on sequestration

For more than a year and a half, the president, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and I have repeatedly voiced our deep concerns over the half a trillion dollars in automatic across-the-board cuts that would be imposed under sequestration and the severe damage that would do both to this department and to our national defense.

The administration continues to work with Congress to reach agreement on a balanced deficit reduction plan to avoid these cuts. Meanwhile, because another trigger for sequestration is approaching on March 1, the department's leadership has begun extensive planning on how to implement the required spending reductions. Those cuts will be magnified because the department has been forced to operate under a six-month continuing resolution that has already compelled us to take steps to reduce spending.

In the event of sequestration we will do everything we can to be able to continue to perform our core mission of providing for the security of the United States, but there is no mistaking that the rigid nature of the cuts forced upon this department, and their scale, will result in a serious erosion of readiness across the force.

I have also been deeply concerned about the potential direct impact of sequestration on you and your families. We are doing everything possible to limit the worst effects on DoD personnel ? but I regret that our flexibility within the law is extremely limited. The president has used his legal authority to exempt military personnel funding from sequestration, but we have no legal authority to exempt civilian personnel funding from reductions. As a result, should sequestration occur and continue for a substantial period, DoD will be forced to place the vast majority of its civilian workforce on administrative furlough.

Today, I notified Congress that furloughs could occur under sequestration. I can assure you that, if we have to implement furloughs, all affected employees will be provided at least 30 days' notice prior to executing a furlough and your benefits will be protected to the maximum extent possible. We also will work to ensure that furloughs are executed in a consistent and appropriate manner, and we will also continue to engage in discussions with employee unions as appropriate.

Working with your component heads and supervisors, the department's leaders will continue to keep you informed. As we deal with these difficult issues, I want to thank you for your patience, your hard work, and your continued dedication to our mission of protecting the country.

Our most important asset at the department is our world-class personnel. You are fighting every day to keep our country strong and secure, and rest assured that the leaders of this department will continue to fight with you and for you.


Leon Panetta

Secretary of Defense

Army Updates: Watch and Join the Winter AUSA Discussion

Watch the livestream of these forums here.

Army leaders and subject matter experts will discuss the challenges the Army faces and the way ahead for the future force during contemporary military forums, Feb. 20-22. Those who are unable to attend the symposium, "America's Next First Battle: Manning, Training Equipping," can listen live via Web streaming. Listeners can also submit questions during discussions as Army leaders and subject matter experts engage with the defense industry to develop a common understanding of how the Army will balance near and long-term readiness in the face of fiscal uncertainty.

Contemporary Military Forum Schedule

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

  1. 0815 - 0900 The Transition to an Army of Preparation
  2. 0900 - 0945 The Nation's Strategic Hedge
  3. 1025 - 1130 Strategic Land Power Panel Discussion
  4. 1300 - 1420 Better Buying Power and Affordability Panel Discussion
  5. 1510 - 1540 Maj. Gen. Thomas Spoehr Presentation
  6. 1540 - 1610 Optimizing the Army's S&T Investment: Enabling America's NEXT First Battle
  7. 1610 - 1700 Defense S&T Perspective and Priorities

Thursday, February 21, 2013

  1. 0805 - 0845 United States Army Materiel Perspective
  2. 0845 - 0930 USASMDC/ARSTRAT Perspective
  3. 1010 - 1130 Optimizing the Global Supply Chain Panel Discussion
  4. 1300 - 1430 Industrial Base Partnering Panel Discussion
  5. 1515 - 1630 Future of the Network Integration Evaluation Panel Discussion

Friday, February 22, 2013

  1. 0735 - 0845 Transition to Sustainment Panel Discussion
  2. 1000 - 1030 Lt. Gen. James Barclay, III Presentation
  3. 1045 - 1145 Strategic Trends and Future Science & Technology Panel Discussion

by Cory Erhard, Carlisle Barracks Army Wellness Center

From the Wellness Center: February is Heart Health Month

February is Heart Health Month.  Kicking off the month is the 10thanniversary of “Go Red for Women” on February 1.  The goal of the annual awareness campaign is to improve the cardiovascular health of all Americans.   Heart disease is typically thought of as a threat for men more than women, but the truth is heart disease is the leading cause of death for both women and men.   

You can decrease your risk of heart disease with the choices that you make every day.  Smoking, high blood pressure, inactivity, high cholesterol, overweight/obesity and diabetes increase your risk.  Other contributing factors include stress, poor nutrition and excessive alcohol.  Although age, gender and heredity/race put you at risk, focusing on factors that are modifiable can have a dramatic impact. 

Making even a single lifestyle improvement can impact many risk factors.  Exercise may improve weight, blood pressure and cholesterol.  If you manage your stress you may be able to quit smoking, make better nutritional choices, and reduce your blood pressure.   Even if you have a family history of heart disease, it doesn’t mean you are destined to develop the disease.  Making as many healthy choices as possible will help reduce your risk.

Being aware of important numbers is also important for a healthy heart.  An easy way to differentiate between the good and the bad cholesterol is as follows; HDL is “heavenly” and you want it high, 60mg/dl or above is considered heart protective.  LDL is the “lousy” cholesterol and you want it low, ideally less than 100 mg/dl.  Lastly, triglycerides should be less than 100 mg/dl.  Checking with your Primary Care Manager is the best way to know when and how often you should have your values checked. 

Blood pressure is another important number to know, with normal considered as 120/80 or below.  Exercise and healthy food choices can help lower your blood pressure.  Everyone knows that exercise is good for your heart.  The Center for Disease Control recommends 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of intense exercise or a combination per week.  If you are already exercising, great.  If not, talk to your Primary Care Manager before starting any exercise program, especially if you are sedentary or have any health issues.  When you get started be consistent and increase your time and intensity slowly to avoid injury and burnout.  Remember any increase in your current physical activity is a “step” in the right direction.  Exercising 30-60 minutes most days of the week can lower your blood pressure by 4 to 9 mm/Hg.

Did you know that the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) can lower your blood pressure by up to 14 mm/Hg?  Choosing whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy while skimping on saturated fats and cholesterol can have additional health benefits beyond a lower blood pressure.  Try to consume 5 or more fruits and vegetable servings per day from a wide variety of colors.  Reducing sodium/salt in your diet can reduce blood pressure by 2 to 8 mm Hg.  Limit sodium to 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less.  Make sure to read food labels for hidden sodium/salt.

Lastly, what about chocolate and alcohol?  As is the case with most things, moderation is the key.  An ounce of dark chocolate that has not been processed with alkali (check the label) a few times per week can be heart healthy.   One drink per day for women and two for men is the recommendation.  One drink is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1½ ounces of distilled spirits and you can’t “bank” them or carry them over from one day to the next.

It sounds simple but move more and be aware of your food choices for a healthy weight.  Safe, sustainable weight loss is achieved by making choices that become part of how you live. 

When you decide to make changes in your lifestyle, try to keep them realistic.  Making small changes consistently over time has a higher likelihood of success.  Write your goals down, look for support from a friend, family member or health coach.  From phone apps to online tracking tools, technology from reputable sources offers a wide range of options to support your changes as well. 

Your best defense for health is prevention and the old adage that an ounce of prevention is worth of pound of cure is always the best path.



American College of Sports Medicine

American Heart Association

Mayo Clinic:

Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Cleveland Clinic

USAWC grads, Fellows in the news Feb. 13

The chief of staff, Army announced Feb. 13 the following assignments:

Maj. Gen. James C. Boozer, Sr., deputy commanding general/chief of staff, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany to commanding general, U.S. Army Japan/commanding general, I Corps (Forward), Japan.

Maj. Gen. Gary H. Cheek, deputy commanding general, U.S. Army Central/Third U.S. Army, Kuwait to deputy commanding general for support/chief of staff, Installation Management Command, San Antonio, Texas.

Maj. Gen. Gordon B. Davis, Jr., deputy commandant, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College/deputy commanding general, leader, development and education, U.S. Army Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kan., to deputy chief of staff, operations and intelligence, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Belgium.

Maj. Gen. Michael T. Harrison, Sr., commanding general, U.S. Army Japan/commanding general, I Corps (Forward), Japan to deputy commanding general, U.S. Army Central/Third U.S. Army, Kuwait.

Maj. Gen. Richard C. Longo, director, Task Force 2010, U.S. Forces-Afghanistan, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan, to deputy commanding general/chief of staff, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany.

Brig. Gen. Michael A. Bills, deputy chief of staff, G-3, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany to deputy commanding general, 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Carson, Colo.

USAWC Fellow Brig. Gen. Walter E. Piatt, deputy commanding general (Support), 10th Mountain Division (Light), Fort Drum, New York to commanding general, Joint Multinational Training Command, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany.

Brig. Gen. Robert P. Walters, Jr., deputy director, joint improvised explosive device defeat organization, Arlington, Va., to director, intelligence and information (J-2), North American Aerospace Defense Command/U.S. Northern Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colo.


By Tom Conning

New guidance for women and children regarding fitness campus

Indian Field Fitness Center’s women’s only section:

Mon. – Fri. 9 a.m.-11 a.m.

*The women’s only section of Indian Field Fitness Center is located to the right of the sign-in desk in the final two sections of the fitness center. Men are not allowed behind the curtain during these hours, but are allowed in the other portions of the fitness center. 

According to Army Regulation 215-1, paragraph 8, section 20, all children 17-years-old and younger can ONLY use Army fitness facilities if they are a participant in a “special program that is organized and conducted by CYSS, a school, or other authorized youth organization.”

Therefore, all Carlisle Barracks children must register for a FREE ‘Fitness’ card and attend a briefing by Child Youth Services Sports if they want to use any Carlisle Barracks fitness facilities. Users must present the ‘Fitness’ card to gym staff when entering fitness facilities.

With the ‘Fitness’ card:

  • 16-17-year-olds can use fitness facilities without being accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.
  • 13-15-year-olds may use gym equipment as long as they are actively participating in the same activity as a parent or guardian and are under their direct supervision.
  • Children 12 and younger may use the indoor track at Thorpe Hall Fitness Center, the basketball court at Root Hall Gym and use the CYSS fitness center that has youth-sized exercise equipment and CYSS supervision. They may not use cardiovascular or strength equipment, the sauna, steam rooms, or the Jacuzzi at any time in Indian Field Fitness Center and Thorpe Hall Fitness Center. 

Garrison Command implemented this new policy to fulfill AR 215-1 AND allow Carlisle Barracks children to continue using the fitness facilities on post.


A pebble in your shoe would slow you down, but high-tech pebbles will spur senior leaders to move from good to great. The FitLinxx Pebble available through The Army War College Senior Leader Development and Resiliency Program can guide fitness to optimum levels.

The Pebble is an activity tracker the size of a quarter that clips to a shoe, pocket or waistband and records steps taken, calories burned, distance traveled and total active time. This is merely part of Carlisle Barracks' new Comprehensive Fitness Campus that became available January 14.

A FitLinxx "Pebble" allows users to track steps, calories, distance and amount of activity time. The Senior Leadership Development and Resiliency office will sign out the "Pebble to eligible participants.

The comprehensive fitness campus at Carlisle Barracks integrates new educational classes, agility lanes, workout stations and a performance movement analysis integration center. The campus can be a model for senior leaders for managing their fitness, according to Dr. Thomas Williams, SLDR Director.

Fitness fits into bigger picture of senior leader development.

The fitness campus is designed to complement the academic part of senior leader education, said Williams. "Just like with the educational curriculum they get at the War College, this is intended to help senior leaders understand how their level of fitness is critical to their development and can be improved during their academic year.

"In a profession of arms, it is about maintaining a level of readiness and fitness, the physiological resiliency that incorporates both their physical and mental readiness," said Williams. "What the comprehensive fitness program does is gives us the tools that we can leverage to help leaders, military and civilian, understand how to make all of those work at a higher level."

SLDR spearheaded the project and worked with Sports Director Don Watkins and his staff to transform the three facilities into fitness centers designed for the unique senior leader population of Carlisle Barracks. The fitness campus is going to be outstanding, said Watkins.

January introduced FitLinxx to the Indian Field Fitness Center and major transitions to Thorpe Hall.

The FitLinxx system went online with training completed in January at the Indian Field Fitness Center, which was newly opened in November.

The various components of the Fitlinxx system will track a user's exercise. It became available Jan. 14. All of the equipment communicates wirelessly and will automatically upload exercise data to a user's online FitLinxx account. Photos by Tom Conning.

The online FitLinxx system will track a user's exercise, including repetitions, amount of weight used, and rate of exercise. Monitoring equipment on the machines wirelessly communicates with a user’s FitLinxx account. The "Pebble" activity tracker uploads information to a user's account as well.

The new technology will give people more feedback and awareness, said Chris Kusmiesz, SLDR exercise physiologist. "They'll be able to track their progress and work towards those goals and it's all going to be captured now, so that they'll actually know where they are, where their goal is and how much more work they would need to do to reach that goal," said Kusmiesz.

Army War College students, staff and faculty can develop fitness plans to reach those goals with help from SLDR exercise physiologists. MWR fitness center staff will refer users to Chris Kusmiesz and Rob Stanley for consultations. The Army Wellness Center can be another resource for fitness tips, planning and information.

Thorpe Hall Fitness Center's transformation is reflected in new agility lanes and workout stations, expected to be ready for users in February. 

The rearrangement of the exercise facilities, addition of agility lanes and workout stations at Thorpe Center has given users more room and equipment, said Rob Stanley, SLDR exercise physiologist. "They're going to have a lot more depth and variety that they can do," said Stanley. "They'll be able to do any exercise here that they could possibly want."

New looks match new purposes for the Fitness Campus centers

Indian Field Fitness Center will maintain a "hard-core" edge, with weight lifting equipment and cardio machines. Soon, the center will offer the motivational inspiration of Medal of Honor recipients whose stories will be featured on wall posters.

The Indian Field Center will offer FitLinxx registration and orientation, educational handouts and classes about comprehensive fitness, offered individually or to groups.

Thorpe Hall Fitness Center will be for strength and conditioning. The Center’s features include expert exercise instruction, feedback on training and group exercise classes like combatives, TRX, Boot Camp and indoor cycle.

The transformation of Thorpe Hall Fitness Center's first floor into the strength and conditioning area of the comprehensive fitness campus is complete. New weight sleds, rowing machines, squat racks and more will allow users to have a comprehensive workout. Photo by Tom Conning.

SLDR exercise physiologist experts will be available at the Senior Leader Development and Resiliency offices for consultation to maximize physical training effectiveness by analyzing a runner's gait, running motion and running shoes. Call 245-4511 to schedule formal consultations and group sessions. Thorpe Hall users can find inspiration from the new wall art showcasing the discipline and physical fitness of Army athletes and Carlisle Indian Industrial School athletes.

Root Hall Gym will retain its look and its focus on the team sports and teambuilding activities that complement the Comprehensive Fitness Campus here.

The SLDR program is an Army War College program focused on senior leader development and education.  In contrast, the Carlisle Barracks Army Wellness Center is an extension of Dunham Army Health Clinic's Patient Centered Medical Home, offering primary prevention programs as part of a comprehensive medical care plan.

ALL Carlisle Barracks Fitness Centers are open --

Mon. - Fri. 5 a.m.-8:30 p.m.

Sat. 7 a.m.-5 p.m.

Sun. 8 a.m.-5 p.m.

Holidays: 10 a.m.-3 p.m.


by C. Todd Lopez
President awards Medal of Honor to hero of COP Keating

President Barack H. Obama awards the Medal of Honor to former Army Staff Sgt. Clinton L. Romesha during a ceremony at the White House in Washington, D.C., Feb. 11, 2013. Romesha received the Medal of Honor for his courageous actions during a day-long firefight at Combat Outpost Keating, Afghanistan, in October 2009.

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Feb. 11, 2013) -- President Barack Obama placed the Medal of Honor around the neck of former Army Staff Sgt. Clinton Romesha during a ceremony Feb. 11 in the East Room of the White House.

Romesha is the fourth living service member to receive the medal for service in Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom. The former Soldier earned the Medal of Honor for actions Oct. 3, 2009, at Combat Outpost Keating, Kamdesh District, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan.

On that morning, Combat Outpost, or COP, Keating, manned by only 53 Soldiers and situated at the bottom of a steep valley, came under attack by as many as 300 Taliban fighters.

During the fight, the perimeter of COP Keating was breached by the enemy. Romesha, who was injured in the battle, led the fight to protect the bodies of fallen Soldiers, provide cover to those Soldiers seeking medical assistance, and reclaim the American outpost that would later be deemed "tactically indefensible."

"Throughout history, the question has often been asked, why? Why do those in uniform take such extraordinary risks? And what compels them to such courage?" the president said. "You ask Clint and any of these Soldiers who are here today, and they'll tell you. Yes, they fight for their country, and they fight for our freedom. Yes, they fight to come home to their families. But most of all, they fight for each other, to keep each other safe and to have each other's backs."

The White House ceremony was attended by several hundred, including lawmakers, defense leaders, Romesha's family, and team members from Romesha's own Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. Also there was Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta, Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Ray Odierno and Sgt. Maj. of the Army Raymond F. Chandler III.

The president said that upon learning he would receive the Medal of Honor, Romesha displayed the brand of humbleness typical of many Soldiers.

"When I called Clint to tell him that he would receive this medal, he said he was honored, but he also said, 'it wasn't just me out there, it was a team effort,'" the president said. "And so today we also honor this American team, including those who made the ultimate sacrifice."

Included among those who died in the fighting that day in Afghanistan were, Staff Sgt. Justin Gallegos, Sgt. Christopher Griffin, Sgt. Joshua Hardt, Sgt. Joshua Kirk, Spc. Stephan Mace, Staff Sgt. Vernon Martin, Sgt. Michael Scusa, and Pfc. Kevin Thomson.

"Each of these patriots gave their lives looking out for each other," Obama said. "In a battle that raged all day, that brand of selflessness was displayed again and again and again, Soldiers exposing themselves to enemy fire to pull a comrade to safety, tending to each other's wounds, (and) performing 'buddy transfusions,' giving each other their own blood."

The president said on that day, it wasn't just Romesha who earned recognition for his actions, it was dozens of Soldiers. From that battle, Soldiers earned 37 Army Commendation Medals, 27 Purple Hearts, 18 Bronze Stars and nine Silver Stars, the president said.

"These men were outnumbered, outgunned and almost overrun," Obama said. "Looking back, one of them said, 'I'm surprised any of us made it out.' But they are here today. And I would ask these Soldiers, this band of brothers, to stand and accept the gratitude of our entire nation.

"God bless you, Clint Romesha, and all of your team," the president said. "God bless all who serve. And God bless the United States of America."

The president then asked that the Medal of Honor Citation be read, and following that, he placed the medal around Romesha's neck.   

By Tom Conning

New hybrid professors a mix of academic and military professionals

The Army War College, like major colleges and universities, seeks distinguished and highly educated faculty members who will bring knowledge, experience and quality to the classroom. War College faculty includes civilian academics from institutions like Yale and Georgetown, military professionals, and a few hybrids: military professionals with distinguished academic credentials.

Faculty members with both academic and operational credentials contribute longevity, continuity and depth to The War College, said Dr. Lance Betros, Provost for The War College. "Within the military profession, we expect our own uniformed military to be able to apply the theoretical knowledge that backs up that profession," said Betros. "They provide that depth of understanding and disciplinary skill and those are the Professors, U.S. Army War College."

The Professor, U.S. Army War College program sponsors selected active-duty officers' doctoral studies at top U.S. schools, and brings them back to The War College to finish their dissertations and join the faculty. Each selectee must have an excellent military record and must show potential for academic achievement, said Betros.

These doctorates provide military professionals with additional theoretical education and thought said Betros. "It makes sense that we have not only the military who can do practitioner kinds of things, how to do, but we also have a sub-set of that profession focus on how to think, what to think," said Betros.

This year, three Army officers will enter the Professor, USAWC Program: Col. Dan Cormier, Col. Doug Winton and Lt. Col. John Mowchan.

Cormier is the strategic initiatives director for the Army War College and, formerly, completed his Army War College Fellowship with the French Strategic Defense Institute. His operational experience in both Iraq and Afghanistan included command of the 1st Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division in Iraq from Jul. 2008 to Jul. 2011.  He holds a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of New Hampshire, and a master's in international relations from Boston University.

Col. Dan Cormier, strategic initiatives director for the Army War College, will pursue a doctorate in history at Temple University as part of the Professor, USAWC Program.

Cormier will pursue a doctorate in history with Temple University. "I think a lot of the junior leaders and guys like me who've experienced the last ten years of war in multiple operational assignments have seen the value of understanding the context of the problem that you're in," said Cormier.

Winton is a current Army War College student with a master's degree in international security affairs from Johns Hopkins University. A veteran of operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, he commanded the 2nd Battalion, 5th Field Artillery Regiment and served as deputy commander of the 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry division.  "The Army will invest in me to deepen my education, deepen my understanding of the world that we live in and improve my ability to conduct research and write," said Winton, who is considering several options for advanced international studies. "I think it would be a great opportunity to contribute to the professional education of strategic leaders."

Col. Doug Winton, Army War College student, is considering several educational options and plans to earn a doctorate in advanced international studies as part of the Professor, USAWC Program.

Mowchan is an intelligence coordinator for the State Department's Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications. He has experience in various teaching positions at the Army War College and National Intelligence University. A veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom, Mowchan has operational, joint and Army staff experience in intelligence, and commanded Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion, 30th Field Artillery Regiment.

"This is a convergence of passion to teach and passion to continue service to the Nation and Army," said Mowchan, a 2012 graduate of the Army War College who will make his choice among university options in April. "It's a win-win to do both."

Lt. Col. John Mowchan, intelligence coordinator for the State Department's Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications, will decide what university he’ll attend in April as part of the Professor, USAWC Program.

The Professor, USAWC Program stipulates that the participants complete their resident Ph.D. course work within two years.

Unified Quest: Preparing for America's Next First Battle

What is it?

The Army's Campaign of Learning 2013 is helping transition the current Army to one prepared for the future by developing an operational-level view of the first battle of the next war. During the Army's Winter Wargame, Feb. 9 - 14, 2013, working groups are assessing the capabilities, interdependencies, risks and implications of emerging Army and joint concepts. This seminar wargame, part of the Unified Quest 2013 effort led by U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command's Army Capabilities Integration Center, is focused on developing concepts for the Army from 2020 to 2030.

What has the Army done?

Last year's Campaign of Learning and Unified Quest events focused on what the Army must do and how the Army fights. These events challenged ideas, concepts and required capabilities within the Army Capstone Concept and the Army Operating Concept. Senior Army leaders used the outcomes and insights from the 2012 campaign to prepare the Army for 2020 and beyond.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

The outcomes from the Unified Quest 2013 Winter Wargame will be used to examine the Army's role in Joint Force 2020, anticipate challenges and evaluate the viability of draft joint concepts. Wargame outcomes will also help refine ideas and solutions, identify implications and risks, and identify capability requirements and gaps.

Why is the Campaign of Learning important to the Army?

The Army's Campaign of Learning helps senior leaders not only focus efforts toward the current national security strategy without losing the knowledge and skills gained from more than 10 years of war, but look toward the future as well. Through the Campaign of Learning, the Army will be able to achieve both these objectives by identifying capabilities needed as part of the joint force, to protect U.S. national interests and achieve strategic objectives in 2020 and beyond.


Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs
News for Immediate Release   
Feb. 4, 2013
Honoring Our Veterans License Plate Now Available

–Pennsylvania vehicle owners can now show their support of veterans by purchasing the new “Honoring Our Veterans” license plate.
The plate, authorized by Act 194 of 2012, features an image of the American Flag and a Bald Eagle and contains the words “Honoring Our Veterans.”

“Patriotic-minded individuals frequently ask me how they can pay tribute to veterans or where they can donate a small amount of money that benefits veterans, and this new license plate is a great way to do just that," said Brig. Gen. (PA) Mike Gould, deputy adjutant general for veterans affairs with the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs. “More importantly, you don’t need to be a veteran to get one of these plates.”
The plate is available for passenger cars and light trucks up to 10,000 pounds and costs $35. Fifteen dollars from the sale of each license plate goes to the Veterans Trust Fund administered by the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs. The funds will be used to support and assist Pennsylvania veterans and their families through grants to veterans service organizations and other charitable organizations.
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation began issuing the new license plate in mid-January. For more information and to get a copy of the application visit  
Media contact: Joan Z. Nissley, 717-861-8720 (office), 717-821-4562 (cell)

Loudspeaker tests slated for Feb. 12-14

In order to complete necessary repairs, some audible test tones from the Carlisle Barracks loudspeaker system may be heard Feb. 12-14. All messages are for testing purposes only.

Power outages to affect several homes and buildings on Post
Power outages will affect several homes and buildings along Garrison Lane, Royal American Circle, and Flower Avenue on two dates.  
Phase 1 outage is scheduled for Tuesday, Feb. 12 from 1-3 p.m.; Phase II outage Monday, Feb. 18 from 1-3 p.m.
The homes and buildings that will be affected include:
Quarters:  3, 6A&B, 26A&B, 28, 29A&B, 32, 33, 34
Buildings: 36-Ashburn Hall, 37-Pratt Hall, 38-Hessian Museum, and 300-Insecticide Storage Building

Two USAWC alums nominated for General

USAWC grad Lt. Gen. John F. Campbell has been nominated for appointment to the rank of general and for assignment as vice chief of staff, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C.  Campbell is currently serving as deputy chief of staff, G-3/5/7, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C





Former USAWC Fellow Lt. Gen. Vincent K. Brooks has been nominated for appointment to the rank of general and for assignment as the commanding general, U.S. Army Pacific Command, Fort Shafter, Hawaii.  Brooks is currently serving as the commanding general, U.S. Army Central Command/Third U.S. Army, Shaw Air Force Base, S.C.

By Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Raymond T. Odierno  

CSA's strategic intent: Delivering strategic landpower in an uncertain world

WASHINGTON (Feb. 5, 2013) -- Over the past 11 years of continuous combat, the Army made great strides at the tactical and operational levels of war. We evolved our tactics, fielded new equipment, and modified our organizations, all while combating determined enemies. These changes were necessary, and they produced an Army without peer on the battlefields of Afghanistan and Iraq. However, they do not fully prepare us for the diverse array of challenges our nation faces in the coming years. Changes in the character of modern conflict demand that we continue to evolve as an institution, even as we remain focused on our primary task -- to fight and win our nation's wars.

Throughout the course of history, world events have always presented militaries with both complexity and unpredictability. Today's environment sustains this norm, but adds the unprecedented speed at which events unfold and information travels. The pace of change is accelerating. There are emerging factors at work in today's strategic environment that we cannot ignore. The sheer number of connections between people and societies has increased exponentially. An ever-present global media can instantly elevate local actions to strategic import. Technology and weapons once reserved to states can now find their way into the hands of disaffected individuals and disruptive groups. International tolerance for civilian casualties and collateral damage from military operations has decreased while the capabilities to inflict such damage have spread to a growing number of illicit actors.

These factors call for an Army that is globally engaged and capable of rapidly employing scalable force packages from the smallest to the largest depending on the demands of the situation. We must be able to rapidly adjust our units and capabilities to meet the unique requirements of any situation, delivering precision results through the most capable, discriminate weapon system ever fielded --- the American Soldier. At the same time, we must make thoughtful and forward-looking investments in our leaders and institutions to grow the Army from the operational force of today to a force of unparalleled tactical, operational and strategic excellence -- the nation's premier strategic force of tomorrow.


Since the early 1990s, there has been no global threat that compares to the former Soviet Union, no peer competitor that threatens our nation or our way of life. We no longer live under the specter of an imminent nuclear war. None of us seek to return to those days, and our nation's strategic decisions will be strongly shaped in ways to help prevent the return of such a dangerous world.

Despite today's lack of superpower conflict, the world of the 21st century remains a dangerous place. The challenge of preserving a delicate balance between two superpowers has been replaced by the need to protect the nation from a myriad of less conventional, disparate global threats. Regional powers exert influence locally, relatively unconstrained by the actions of global powers. Loosely affiliated groups and movements, united often only by ideology, operate in ungoverned spaces, taking refuge in failed and failing states.

Technological advances have revolutionized the way people and governments interact. Access to global communications and the rise of social media connect more people in more ways across greater distances than ever before. Events that once went largely unnoticed are now viewed internationally, empowering local actors with potentially strategic effect. Simultaneously, the proliferation of advanced weaponry has resulted in the rise of a different sort of enemy. Combining unconventional tactics with advanced weapons, these emerging threats present a new and dangerous challenge. They do not diminish the more conventional threats posed by dangerous or unstable states such as North Korea or Iran, but they require our military to maintain a much broader range of capabilities to respond.

On the modern battlefield, enemies will intentionally mix with the civilian population, making discrimination between friend and foe extremely difficult. The moral expectations of our citizens and allies require that civilian casualties and collateral damage be limited to the greatest possible extent. Taken together, they impose a standard for discriminate lethality in the conduct of military operations that often cannot be achieved with precision strikes or purely technical solutions. Battlefields of today and tomorrow will be populated with a wide array of actors who are not directly involved in military operations. Non-governmental organizations, criminal groups, local citizens, and other regional powers may all exist and co-mingle in the same space as combat is unfolding. Each has their own goals, which may or may not align with our own. In either case, these actors frequently exploit opportunities presented to advance their respective causes. This diversity of actors must also be accounted for as we plan for and conduct operations of all types around the world.


Together, these factors change the character of conflict. A few advanced weapons and some cell phones in the hands of a dozen determined men can achieve effects that used to require months of preparation and a well-trained force. Local clashes can escalate rapidly, unconstrained by borders, treaties, or government policy. Once conflict erupts, the battlefield is increasingly lethal. Access to precision weapons and sophisticated countermeasures impose increasing threats to our own forces that we must be prepared for. Finally, all these actions occur in an atmosphere of opportunism, where any issue or opening will be turned to the advantage of the groups that perceive it.

Despite these changes in how modern wars are waged, the fundamental nature of warfare remains the same. Conflict by its very nature involves people, whether over resources, territory, or ideology. Technological advances may increase our reach, but the last 12 years of war have reinforced that lasting results hinge on understanding and effectively influencing populations. As it always has, conflict also imposes high costs on all involved, in both lives and national treasure. There is no such thing as a clean or simple war.

For all these reasons, preventing conflict is better than reacting to it, and to prevent it we must understand its causes. That understanding is only gained through human contact. Contact requires some form of presence. That presence can be small, and it need not be physical, but it must be within and among those societies where we aim to preserve stability and avoid conflict. Finally, it must always be backed by force. That force must be sufficient to deter our enemies, and overwhelming should they choose to act.


Any discussion of where the Army is going must begin with a full accounting of what we provide the nation today. For good reason, our tendency is to focus on the higher end of the spectrum of military operations. Our first priority remains being ready to deploy rapidly and defeat any adversary on land in any corner of the globe. In the complex world of the next several decades, however, our national security increasingly depends on the broader range of missions and capabilities the Army also provides, often with much less fanfare.

Our national security requires an Army, as a member of the Joint Force, which can deploy, fight, and win our nation's wars. The Army contributes to global stability abroad and economic prosperity at home by deterring aggression, responding to crises as they occur, and influencing the actions of others in ways that reduce the inevitable tensions in the international system. It is a force invaluable for conflict prevention in peacetime and irreplaceable for decisive outcomes in time of war. America's economic strength requires a functioning global market and unhindered transit of the global commons. Its safety demands preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Its security requires dismantling terrorist networks with the intent and capability to do us harm, deterring the ambitions of potential enemies, and decisively defeating them in time of war.

The Army represents one of America's most credible deterrents against future hostility, offering potential adversaries pause for restraint, while standing ready to defeat any adversary who chooses conflict. No other nation can match our ability to rapidly deploy large numbers of troops over extended distances, sustain them for as long as needed, and deliver precise, discriminate results. The successful conclusion of operations in Iraq and our pending transition in Afghanistan give us an opportunity to reorient the Army towards conflict prevention -- working through engagement with partners and allies across the globe. However, the ability to win wars on land remains our reason for being. Potential adversaries must never question whether this nation has the ability to spoil aggressive aims or ultimately reverse illicit gains. We do not seek war, but others must never doubt our ability to win decisively when it occurs.

The Army's contributions to shaping regional environments to promote peace and prevent the outbreak of conflicts are vitally important in an era where low-level conflicts can rapidly morph into global crises. As the only service designed to provide long-term and persistent presence, Army forces today partner with allies and demonstrate American commitment in key regions around the globe. From the 66,000 plus Soldiers stationed around the Pacific Rim to training missions in South America to the delivery of medical supplies and expertise in Africa, our Soldiers are uniformed ambassadors of the nation. Their efforts strengthen the capabilities of our partners, increase our understanding of local dynamics, and build lines of communication between militaries and nations increasingly necessary in a complex interconnected world. Soldiers standing side-by-side with foreign militaries provide the nation strategic access to places and societies that might be otherwise inaccessible.

In the modern era, it is difficult to envision a scenario where the United States would engage in military operations without allies. Forward stationed Army units from Europe to the Pacific demonstrate our longstanding commitment to maintaining close ties with our partners. Beyond combat formations, Army units also provide enabling capabilities to our allies, from command and control to intelligence support to logistics, bolstering their effectiveness as well as our own. The efficiencies gained through these partnerships lead to greater stability in peacetime and greater effectiveness in war…all at costs far below what would be required for any one nation to attempt to operate alone. In an era where regional instability more and more carries global consequences these activities and others like them are increasingly crucial contributions to the nation's security.

There is a final set of capabilities the Army provides to the nation that, though no less critical, is often overlooked. It is embodied in the support we provide to our sister services and across the entire range of government, enabling these other organizations to perform their core missions. Army units build and operate the communications networks connecting our own units, the joint community, governmental partners, and the entire range of actors with one another on the modern battlefield. Soldiers deliver the food, fuel, ammunition, and medical support necessary to conduct nearly any operation by any service, from combat to humanitarian relief. They collect and analyze the intelligence that informs our actions and measures our progress. They deliver vital supplies to communities at home and abroad impacted by natural disasters. The Army provides more than half the Special Operations forces of our nation's military, an integral contribution to national counter-terrorism and security assistance efforts. In these and many other ways, the Army is the indispensible foundation of the joint force.

Put very simply, the Army exists to prevent conflict, shape the environment in the pursuit of peace and stability, and win the nation's wars when called upon. However, an objective assessment of what is required to fulfill our mission in a complex future environment against a constantly evolving range of threats demands that we continue to invest in the specific skills, equipment, and forces needed to do so effectively. This demands foresight and innovation, as well as a bottom-up engagement by our most valuable asset -- our Soldiers and leaders. It also requires recognition that the Army, like our nation, must be good stewards of our resources in an era of increasing fiscal austerity.


This vision of the future describes a strategic landscape that is complex, technologically interconnected, and politically fragmented. It presumes that maintaining stability will require a concerted, sustained effort. Our long-term strategic focus has shifted to the Pacific, but tensions in the Middle East require constant attention in the present. The temptation is to attempt to be prepared for everything, but fiscal realities demand greater strategic clarity. All our initiatives must contribute to maintaining a force that is prepared to deploy, fight and win despite uncertainty about where, when, and against whom it may be deployed.

As our current commitments in Afghanistan are reduced, we must take the opportunity to refocus. This requires first reestablishing our core warfighting competencies in combined arms maneuver and wide area security. These skills serve as the foundation upon which our Army is built, underpinning our credibility as a deterrent and ensuring defeat of any enemy once engaged. We were right to focus on building counterinsurgency expertise given our mission over the past twelve years, and we will not walk away from that experience. However, irregular warfare represents one subset of the range of missions that the Army must be ready to perform. We must reinvest in those fundamental warfighting skills that underpin the majority of our directed strategic missions, from deterring and defeating aggression to power projection.

To posture the force for the complexities of the strategic environment, we must simultaneously reform our processes and training to generate forces scalable from squad to corps. We cannot afford to limit our planning to brigade combat teams. Our success going forward will be built on deploying the right Soldiers, with the right training, in the right size units, at the right time. Small unit leadership will be at a premium in this potential environment of dispersed, decentralized operations. In some circumstances that may require small teams of Soldiers engaged in partnership activities. Others may require the combined mass of brigades, divisions, or corps. This does not necessarily suggest a smaller force, but an Army capable of deploying tailored packages to the point of need, while retaining the ability to rapidly reassemble into larger combat formations as requirements change or small conflicts expand.

The complexity of this environment requires a deliberate investment in our leaders. The need to adapt to rapidly changing situations and identify underlying causes of conflict calls for mental agility and strategic vision. History has shown that no amount of planning or analysis can accurately predict where conflict may arise. However, our ability to respond effectively when it does hinges in large part on the quality of our Soldiers and leaders.

Our experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan clearly reinforce that lasting strategic results are achieved only by effectively influencing people. Conflict, in all its forms, remains a fundamentally human endeavor. Destroying infrastructure and weaponry can shape an adversary's decisions, but rarely delivers a decisive outcome. Success depends as much on understanding the social and political fabric of the surroundings as it does on the ability to physically dominate them. In an environment defined by the intermingling of friends, enemies, and neutral parties, understanding social and cultural networks becomes just as important as the weapons we employ. Only then can we isolate enemies, identify centers of gravity, and achieve lasting results.

We must also keep pace with technology. The cyber revolution has created new ways for people to connect. Information passes instantly over great distances, and entire virtual communities have been created through social media. Many of our adversaries lack the ability to confront our forces physically, choosing instead to employ virtual weapons with potentially devastating effect. We must take full advantage of these technologies, building our own capabilities to operate in cyberspace with the same level of skill and confidence we enjoy on the land. We will either adapt to this reality or risk ceding the advantage to future enemies.


A fast-moving combination of trends are shaping the world of today, and will continue to evolve in often unexpected ways to shape the world we will live in tomorrow. The role of the Army and decisions about its future must be made within the context of this reality. We remain the only nation with global reach, but our resources are not unlimited -- and in fact are decreasing. In such a setting, the Army cannot fully prepare for every conceivable mission. Yet the Army must support national efforts aimed at preserving stability and promoting peace in an unstable and chaotic world, judiciously investing in those capabilities best suited to the task.

To be efficient, our forces must be responsive. As more of the force is based within the United States, we must preserve and invest in the ability to rapidly deliver units anywhere in the world. Army forces must be tailored to local requirements and rapidly deployable from the lowest to the highest levels. To be effective once deployed, they must be familiar with local cultures, personalities, and conditions where they are operating. We cannot afford to gain this knowledge under fire. Through the regional alignment of forces, we will meet both these imperatives, ensuring that our Army remains globally responsive and regionally engaged.

This effort requires equipment that gives our squads, as the foundation of the force, capabilities that overwhelm any potential foe, enabled by vehicles that improve mobility and lethality while retaining survivability. It needs a network that connects all our assets across the joint force together in the most austere of environments to deliver decisive results in the shortest time possible. It demands leaders with the ability to think broadly and critically, aware of the cultural lenses through which their actions will be viewed and cognizant of the potential strategic ramifications of their decisions.

Finally, we must refocus on our core warfighting skills while improving our ability to distribute and reassemble our forces rapidly, building the mass necessary for our central mission: to fight and win the nation's wars. In pursuing these goals, we ensure that the Army delivers truly strategic landpower to the nation in a complex, uncertain world.   

By Tom Conning

Vietnam Commemoration program selects AHEC as partner

The Department of Defense has selected the Army Heritage and Education Center as a partner for the 50th Anniversary Vietnam War Commemoration Program.

Fifty years ago, the Vietnam War was starting to gain steam as the U.S. military presence in the country rose by 1,100 percent. Twelve years and more than 58,000 American lives later, the war officially ended. Now, the DOD’s commemoration program is partnering with local governments, private organizations and communities to help recognize and honor the Vietnam War’s fallen, wounded, prisoners of war, missing in action and veterans and their families.

AHEC is a partner in the DOD’s endeavor to meet a 2012 presidential proclamation. 

The Nation should pay tribute to those who answered the call of duty during the Vietnam War said President Barack Obama. “Throughout this Commemoration, let us strive to live up to their example by showing our Vietnam veterans, their families, and all who have served the fullest respect and support of a grateful Nation,” said the President. “Let us renew our commitment to the fullest possible accounting for those who have not returned.”

AHEC programs about the Vietnam War:

Two lectures will address the Vietnam War

  • Dr. Lien-Hang Nguyen, University of Kentucky Associate Professor of History, will present "Hanoi’s War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam." This Brooks E. Kleber Memorial Reading in Military History will be held on Thursday, Feb. 7, 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center.
  • Dr. James Willbanks, Army Command and General Staff College Director of the Department of Military History will present “The Fall of Saigon.” The Perspectives in Military History Lecture Series will be held Wednesday, Apr. 24, 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center.

As a Vietnam Commemoration Partner, the Army Heritage and Education Center will offer a variety of programs in the next 12 years.

For all AHEC events, call 717-245-3972 or visit more information.

Learn more about other Vietnam War Commemoration events, such as the Central Pa. Vietnam Roundtable event, Feb. 14, in Harrisburg, at

Army recognizes African American/Black History Month

Keep an eye on digital signs, posters, and noontime movie viewings this month for an important selection of  African American achievements and contributions in military and civilian ranks. February is African American/Black History Month, a time during which we honor the many contributions made by African Americans, to include --

Sergeant Major, Christian Fleetwood 4th U.S. Colored Infantry

29 September 1864: At the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, Fleetwood saved the colors after they fell twice under heavy enemy fire.  He safely brought the colors off of the field of battle.

Sergeant Major Edward L. Baker, Jr., 10th U.S. Cavalry

1 July 1898: At Santiago, Cuba, Baker left cover while being fired upon and saved a Soldier from drowning. 

First Lieutenant Charles L. Thomas, 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion

14 December 1944: Near Climbach, France, Thomas assisted the crew of his armored scout car to safety. While ordering men into position, he was wounded multiple times in the chest, legs, and left arm.  

Sergeant Cornelius H. Charlton, 25th Infantry Division

2 June 1951: Near Chipo-ri, Korea, he took command of his platoon and led numerous charges against an entrenched enemy.  Although severely wounded, he charged the last position alone, disabling it.  He died of his wounds.

First Lieutenant John E. Warren, Jr., 25th Infantry Division

14 January 1969: In Tay Ninh Province, Vietnam, Warren died while shielding his men from an enemy grenade.

In 2013, the Army commemorates the anniversary of two important events that changed the course of this nation.

On Jan. 1, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation set the United States on the path of ending slavery. A century later on August 28, 1963, hundreds of thousands of Americans of every creed, color and background marched on Washington, DC in the continuing pursuit of equality. They gathered at the memorial of Abraham Lincoln, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation, where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his celebrated "I Have a Dream" speech.

These events gave hope to the black community that change was possible. The Army story is part of the larger story of the American experience and the fight for freedom and equality for all citizens and for this great country. Over the past 237 years, African Americans have selflessly served in the Army, fighting valiantly to help secure peace for the future. Their example of courage and leadership has empowered generations of Soldiers to answer the call to duty in defense of the American way of life. The Army has long recognized the tremendous impact of uniting as brothers and sisters in arms to achieve success, and the importance of taking pause to recognize fellow Soldiers, civilians, and their families in this shared endeavor.

During African American History Month, the Army will highlight African American military and civil service at all levels, and recognize that the Army draws strength from the rich diversity within the military and civilian ranks.

 The U.S. Army War College and local and state officials will congratulate middle school students from eight Carlisle area schools during an award ceremony recognizing Black History month at 11:30 a.m. Feb. 21 at the Carlisle barracks.

Top essay writers in sixth, seventh and eighth grades will be recognized during the event set to take place in Bliss Hall.

State Rep. Stephn Bloom, R-Carlisle, will join Cumberland County Commissioner Barbara Cross, Carlisle Mayor Wiliam “Doc” Kronenberg, and Army War College leadership in recognizing the students.

Schools participating in the ceremony include:

  • Wilson Middle School,
  • Lamberton Middle School,
  • Saint Patrick School,
  • Big Springs Middle School,
  • Mechanicsburg Middle School,
  • Eagle View Middle School,
  • Good Hope Middle School,
  • Yellow Breeches Middle School.


February Community Events
1, 8, 15, 22 - Great Decisions 2013 Lecture Series:
free and open to the public each Friday in February, from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center; come early and enjoy lunch at AHEC’s Café Cumberland.
Friday, Feb. 1 - Professor Raymond A. Millen, Army War College, will address "NATO." How has NATO’s agenda evolved since its inception during the Cold War? With its military commitment in Afghanistan winding down and a recent successful campaign in Libya, what are the Alliance’s present-day security challenges?
Friday, Feb. 8 - Retired Colonel Kevin E. Richards, Army War College, will address "Myanmar and Southeast Asia." The West has welcomed unprecedented democratic reforms made by Myanmar’s government. What challenges must Myanmar overcome before it can fully join the international community? What role can it play in Southeast Asia?
Friday, Feb. 15 - Professor Allen D. Raymond, Army War College, will address "Humanitarian Intervention." The responsibility to protect doctrine has become central to modern humanitarian intervention. When should the international community intervene? Why did the West rush to intervene in Libya but not Syria?
Friday, Feb. 22 - Dr. Christopher J. Bolan, Army War College, will address "Iran." Suspicion and a troubled history have blighted U.S.-Iranian relations for three decades. How can the U.S. and Iran move forward? Is the existence of Iran’s nuclear program an insurmountable obstacle?
5, 12, 19, 26 - International Fellows’ spouses Conversation and Culture Programs
The programs are held in the Post Chapel from noon-2 p.m.
Tuesday, Feb. 5 – Country presentations: Malaysia and Germany
Tuesday, Feb. 12 – Country presentations: Thailand and Korea
Tuesday, Feb. 19 – Country presentation: Japan
Tuesday, Feb. 26 – Make-up day for presentations or alternate program
6 - CLIF Meeting
The monthly Community Leader Information forum will be held on Wednesday, Feb. 6 at 11 a.m. at AHEC.
7 - AHEC presents: free, public Military History Reading
Dr. Lien-Hang Nguyen, University of Kentucky Associate Professor of History, will present "Hanoi’s War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam." This Brooks E. Kleber Memorial Reading in Military History will be held on Thursday, Feb. 7, 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center. Call 717-245-3972 or visit:
13 - AHEC presents free, public African-American/Black History Month Lecture
Dr. Mark A. Huddle, Georgia College and State University assistant professor of history, will present "Roi Ottley’s War: Racial Militancy and the Black Press during World War II," on Wednesday, Feb. 13, 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center. The lecture will address rising racial and ethnic strife in the United States in the late 1930s and during World War II, and the on-going conflict between the U.S. government and the Black press, using the life and experiences of African American journalist Roi Ottley as a backdrop.
14 - Parent Education & Advisory Council
Thursday, Feb. 14 from 11 a.m.-noon at the Del- aney Field Clubhouse: an open forum for military- affiliated parents with all aged children to discuss what is working and what may need to be looked at in childcare programs and local schools. For information call the School Liaison Officer at 717-245-4638.
14 - LVCC Valentine’s Day Dinner Dance
Open to the public – Doors open at 5:30 p.m. Dinner will be served until 7:30 p.m. and dancing from 7-10 p.m. The price is $27.95 per person, with a long-stemmed red rose for all ladies. Reservations required by noon on Feb. 11 – call 717-245-4329 or visit
15-17 - Protestant Youth of the Chapel Winter Retreat at White Sulfur Springs, Pa.
For more details contact the Chapel at 245-3318.
16 - AHEC’s Re-enactor and Living Historian Recruitment Day
Re-enactor Recruiting Day on Saturday, Feb. 16 from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center is a "meet and greet" for living historians to interact between their organizations and for the public to learn more about the periods each group represents. In addition, the Recruiting Day provides a great opportunity for re-enactors to recruit to fill their ranks with history buffs. Call 717-245-3972 or visit:
20 - Carlisle Barracks Spouses’ Club Monthly Luncheon
The theme for February’s event is "Red Hot Bingo" to be held Wednesday, Feb. 20 from 10:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. at the LVCC. Reservations and cancellations by Friday, Feb. 15 to:
20 - Geo-Bachelor/Bachelorette Dinner
Wednesday, Feb. 20, 6-8 p.m. in the Chapel As- sembly Hall, the dinner is sponsored by the combined Chapel community for single and geo- graphically separated War College students and International Fellows.
20 - AHEC free, public Perspectives in Military History Lecture
Dr. Eliot Cohen, Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, will address "Conquered into Liberty: Two Centuries of Battles along the Great Warpath that made the American way of war," Wednesday, Feb. 20 at 7:15 p.m. at the Army Heritage and Education Center. Call 717-245-3972 or visit:
20-21 - One-stop Out Processing
Start making preparations for your next move and make your relocation PCS stress-free at the One-stop Out Processing on Feb. 20-21, noon-3:30 p.m., Anne Ely Hall, Room 202. The six stations will include Army Community Service, Transportation, Child, Youth and School Services, TRICARE, Military Housing and Balfour Beatty. For appoint
Eligibility requirements announced for the 2013 Carlisle Barracks Spouses' Club Scholarship

The CBSC Scholarship Program offers scholarships annually to deserving students who have committed to continuing their education beyond high school in a full-time undergraduate program.  CBSC Scholarships are merit-based and may be used for any college-related expenses.
Eligibility Requirements:
* Possess a valid U. S. Military Family member ID card

* Be a CBSC member or their dependent.  Membership must be current as of Dec. 31, 2012.

* If parent is not eligible for CBSC membership, then Service member must be assigned to Carlisle Barracks.

* Be a high school senior, home-schooled equivalent living within 50 miles of Carlisle Barracks, or currently enrolled in a college or university under the age of 23.

* Applicant must agree to enroll in college as a full-time undergraduate student as defined by the college/university during the 2013-2014 academic year.

For questions, email:

See the CBSC website for the Scholarship Application and complete requirements—

Completed applications must be mailed and postmarked no later than Monday, April 1, 2013.


Dr. Martin Luther King Jr Day: Answering the Call

Retired Col. Charles Allen is the professor of Leadership and Cultural Studies at the U.S. Army War College. He delivered these remarks on Jan. 22, 2013 at the Letterkenny Army Depot observation of Martin Luther King Day.

What a great day we have been given to serve together!  It is fitting that we remember those who met the challenges of the past to give us, our blessings of the present.  It is now our charge to create opportunities for the future that lies ahead.

This is the 30th year since our nation has honored Dr. King with a federal holiday on his birthday. You know of his achievements from the many observations that we have celebrated in our military.  You have heard Dr. King's speech many times over the past fifty years and have probably focused on the chorus, "I have a dream." But, there is a short section at the beginning of the speech that I would like to share with you. This is what I believe inspired the dream, the movement, and the 1963 March on Washington. It is what compelled our nation to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and led to Dr. King's being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.  Listen to his words:

“In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

How did this man of talent come to change a society and a nation?

Dr. King was born in Atlanta; the son of a minister. At an early age, he showed a passion and conviction of spirit that led him to the same vocation. He received a doctorate at the age of 26 from Boston University, and was on the path to becoming just as good a preacher as his father was. Through the course of his early ministry, his talent for oratory and leadership led him to a different path, one that he did not ask nor plan for, but to which he was called.

Today, I would like for us for reflect on those who, like Dr. King, have gone before us in the service of our country. Listen to this passage from the Book of Isaiah, Chapter 6 Verse 8. "And I heard the voice of the Lord saying: 'Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?' Then I said, 'Here I am, Send me.'" This has been the venerable reply of many people who have been called to service, and, who in the face of adversity, stood up to be counted in the pursuit of a higher good. Each of us in this room, uniformed and civilian, has committed to such service to our nation.

As Dr. King inevitably studied our American history, he would have known that many blacks had answered that call, and served nobly in the fight for freedom and justice. With each gathering like this one here today, we celebrate those selfless heroes AND the tradition of service to our country. In Boston, a brass plaque hangs on a small patch of bricks marking the location of the Boston Massacre of 1770. At that spot, Crispus Attucks, became the first martyr of the American Revolution. He was a black man, a runaway slave, who was at the forefront of America's quest for freedom. When called, he answered "Here I am, Send Me -- I will stand against tyranny and injustice. I will stand for liberty."

During the Civil War, with their freedom at stake, black Militiamen gave the Union forces the ability to defeat those who would oppress an entire race. This is the legacy of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment that was depicted in the movie "Glory." Those great men of our past each answered the call with "Here I am, Send Me--I will fight to end the oppression of my people; I will fight for the right to be free."

After the Civil War, black units were finally included in the Regular Army. Serving in the American West and on the Great Plains, they picked up the unforgettable name of Buffalo Soldiers. Among that group was the first Black cadet to graduate from West Point, LT Henry O. Flipper.

I have been to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and stood at the base of the beautiful statue that captures the spirit of those Buffalo Soldiersof the 9th and 10th Cavalry. I have that print which inspired the statue in my home. Though it is not common knowledge, these all-black units kept Teddy Roosevelt from losing the Battle of San Juan Hill and helped Brig. Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing pursue Pancho Villa in 1916.

Despite the evidence of heroic actions of black American soldiers, our published U.S. military history reflected something to the contrary. Here is one study's conclusion:

“As combat troops under modern war conditions, [negroes] never rose to the standard of white units even when well led by white officers. The negro officers were educationally and, in character, far inferior to the whites, and troops under negro officers were unfit for battle against an aggressive and active enemy.”

This was from a 1925 study conducted by the Army War College.

On August 25th, 1941, black Americans were finally given a chance to prove their stuff in the Army Air Corps. The Tuskegee Airmen of the 332nd Fighter Group “Red Tails” had the mission of escorting Allied bombers. Those black airmen accomplished this critical task with sheer skill, purpose of mind, and courage of conviction. They served proudly with the benefit of neither privilege nor courtesy. They answered the call by saying "Here we are, Send us--We will fight against injustice and for the liberty of others in foreign lands." Dr. King would have also known about Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Senior--the professor of Military Science at the Tuskegee Institute, who, in 1940, would become the first African-American to be selected and serve as a general officer.

In 2008, the U.S. Military celebrated a Diamond Anniversary—60 years since President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Orders directing fair employment practices for federal workers and the integration of the Armed Forces. These were two victories in our nation's internal battle against racism and stereotypes. We know this war is not yet won. As Dr. King once said: "If there is injustice for one, there is injustice for all."

We know well the names of black Soldier-leaders of the past who answered their personal calls in the face of prejudice--Generals Chappie James and Ben O. Davis, Jr. were proud Tuskegee Airmen, as well as Vietnam-era Army Generals like Julius Becton, Roscoe Robinson, and Medal of Honor Winner Charles Rogerswho carried the flag of those warriors from yesteryear.

These soldiers are among those African-Americans that Dr. King would have studied and watched. He would have noted their ability and talent, but also that the opportunity to realize their potential was something that was not available to all black Americans. Hence, Dr. King continued his speech with these words:

“It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note in-so-far as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check, which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.”

Did Dr. King make a difference when he answered the call by not only saying "Here I am, Send me," but by also taking the risk of leadership?

The difference he made in my own life is clear. I grew up in Cleveland Ohio in the wake of the Civil Rights Act and experienced the riots in the summers of 1966 and 1968. When our nation was in turmoil, my family looked to Dr. King for spiritual direction, and more importantly, for hope.

I was a paperboy and the morning of April 5th, 1968, I delivered the Cleveland Plain Dealer, whose headline announced the assassination of Dr. King. While a bullet silenced the messenger, we know that it could not silence his message.

That following spring of 1969, I took a middle school trip from Cleveland to Atlanta to visit the Dr. King Centerand gravesite. As a senior, I was honored to receive the first Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. award from Shaw High School.

In the fall of 1972, I was contacted by a West Point liaison officer who was recruiting young men of color to join the officer ranks of our Army. Among my fellow military academy cadets were Cadets Dorian Anderson (Cdr, JTF-6; CG, Human Resources Command), Lloyd Austin (Cdr, 10 Mtn Div, then 18th ABN Corps; he is currently Vice Chief of Staff, now nominated to be Commander, US Central Command), Ron Johnson (Deputy Chief, Army Corps of Engineers during Hurricane Katrina); Vince Brooks (commanded 1st Infantry Division and now 3rd Army); and Tom Bostick (was the Army G-1 and is now Chief of Army Corps of Engineers).

During those four years at West Point, I met officers of proven ability and great promise. Captain Larry Ellis was a boxing instructor and would go on to command the 1st Armored Div and then US Forces Command. Capt Larry Jordan was a history instructor; LTG Jordan became The Inspector General of the Army and my boss as the Deputy Commanding General, US Army Europe. And, an Asian American, Major Eric Shinseki, taught English and would be a squadron commander supported by then-Capt Allen in Schweinfurt, Germany. General Shinseki would become Commander, US Army Europe, then later the Vice Chief and Army Chief of Staff.  He is now Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

Within this collection of cadets and officers, our paths crossed several times over my 30-year career. Our opportunity to serve was directly attributable to the call that Dr. King answered. His response and actions enabled and inspired others to act for something beyond self and in the service of others. It is clear that Dr. King did make a difference in my life and the lives of other black service members.

He also made a difference in our nation when we consider names like Colin Powell, Condeleeza Rice, Susan Rice, and Barack Obama. Each of those names, from both political parties, brings to mind first intellect, talent, and character, then race. In response to a question asked of me during the 2008 presidential candidate nomination process, I told a close friend I did not think that America was ready to elect a woman or a black man as president. I was proven wrong, twice over.

During two campaigns, Barack Obama was not defeated nor was he elected because of the color of his skin. Dr. King might nod his head and smile and offer that Senator and now President Obama was judged on the content of his character and his ability to convey to the American people, "Here I am, Send me; I can lead this nation forward. I believe that change is possible for the betterment of all Americans."  It is poignant that during yesterday’s inauguration, Obama took his oath of office on the family Bible of Dr. King.

In closing, I think that Dr. King would have us to look around and notice where there are still inequities--in education, in employment, in economic conditions and in health care. In that famous speech at the Lincoln Memorial, he declared to us:

“I say to you today my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.”

He would now ask what are we doing to make a difference, to make his dream--NO! our dream come true. Dr. King would press us and challenge us to act.

Can you hear the call for service, above the noise of the world?

As an artillery lieutenant in Germany, I supported the 2nd Brigade of 3rd Infantry Division known as the "Send Me" Brigade. Over the two decades since the end of the Cold War, our Army has answered many calls of "Whom shall I send?" Our Army has conducted many deployments that you have been a part of in your careers -- Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Restore Hope in Somalia, Restore Democracy in Haiti, and as part of the missions in Bosnia and in Kosovo -- supporting basic human rights of life and liberty.

We are still engaged in prolonged conflicts across the globe. Today, as we read the papers and watch evening news programs, we know that on any given day, our military may be called by our nation to Go and Serve in yet another land.

How do we know if that call is just? How do we find that Stone of Hope among the Mountains of Despair.

Remember the Sermon on the Mount, where Jesus said: "Blessed are the peace makers, for they will be called Sons of God."

Do we hear this call of "whom shall I send?" in our local communities? Listen. You have the opportunity to serve as role models within our units and within this community. You are role models to our fellow service members and employees, to your spouses and to our children. You are members of noble callings: military, civic leaders, teachers, and parents. You can answer this call by instilling values and demonstrating three very simple ways to live: Do the right thing, respect others, and do your best.  You are the Stones of Hope for the present and future generations.

When called, What is your answer? Whom will you serve?

I will close with a passage from the Book of Joshua Chapter 24 Verse 15: "Choose this day who you will serve.”


Carlisle Barracks celebrates the life and contributions of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
In honor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Carlisle Barracks celebrated Dr. King's life and contributions on Wednesday, Jan. 30, 11:30 a.m. at the Letort View Community Center, Carlisle Barracks.
The event was open to the public, and featured guest speaker Jim Lucas, nationally known for his stirring and dramatic recitations and interpretive readings about Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.                     
Jim Lucas is a noted public speaker who has performed at over 100 colleges and universities throughout the United States, Japan, South Korea and Germany.  He is an expert on the life and times of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
An accomplished actor, he stars in the play, The Meeting, about King and Malcolm X.
A student of the teachings of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Lucas is an advocate of Dr. King’s philosophy of nonviolent civil action to affect social change.  Like Dr. King, Lucas participated in local protests and demonstrations to achieve school integration in his hometown of Lake Providence, Louisiana.
 The Unity Singers of Carlisle gospel choir performed at the event, which also included light refreshments and an exhibit of images about King and the Civil Rights Movement.

By Col. Dave Dworak

Dunham shares expertise with Scouts

Medics and staff from Dunham Army Health Clinic donated personal time on Saturday, Jan. 12 to help 18 Boy Scouts learn first aid skills to help them earn the First Aid Merit Badge. Scouts must earn this badge to achieve Eagle Scout.

This is the second year that Dunham has volunteered to help the Scouts.

Greg Cantwell, Scoutmaster of Troop 173, noted that the level of support from Dunham Soldiers was tremendous. “By the end of the day the medics knew each of the boys by name, establishing a strong interpersonal connection,” said Cantwell. “The health care professionals here on the installation really motivated the scouts to learn more about first aid.”

Dunham staff trained the Scouts on assessing symptoms, first-aid procedures and possible prevention measures. Scouts also learned how to treat broken bones, severe cuts, heart attacks and patient transportation methods.

Sgt. 1st Class Lawrence Romero, Dunham Clinic NCOIC, shows Boy Scouts how to tie an improvised tourniquet during merit badge training at Dunham Army Health Clinic, Jan. 12.

Lt. Col. Patrick Morrow, USAWC student, said he was impressed with the training. “When my son Joe left the house on Saturday morning for the first aid class, he said he felt like he was going to school on a Saturday,” said Morrow. “He came back very positive about the experience, said he learned a lot and enjoyed himself.” 

To earn the merit badge, Scouts must demonstrate competence across 25 requirements. Scouts from Carlisle Barracks Troop 173 and Troop 146 from Wellsville, Pa. participated in the training.

By Tom Conning

Carlisle area students compete in diverse essay contests

Emily Bower, an Army War College family member, won an essay contest about the National American Indian Heritage Month and received tickets to Hershey Park. Emily is the daughter of Lt. Col. Frederick Bower, USAWC Deputy G-3, who said the family used the tickets to show off Hershey Park to some friends from the United Kingdom. The Army Heritage and Education Center sponsored the essay contest.

Last month, writers competed in a Martin Luther King essay contest sponsored by Carlisle Barracks through the Morale, Welfare and Recreation office. Winners were Zarifa Binte Alam, Dylan McHugh, Shelby Martin and Catilin Shekleton.  

Emily Bower received tickets to Hershey Park for winning a November essay contes.

This month, middle school kids from eight different schools throughout the greater Carlisle area will be penning essays in recognition of Black History Month. The top writers from 6th, 7th and 8th grades and their principles will attend a special event to honor their work at The War College from 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m., Feb. 21 in Bliss Hall. The Center for Strategic Leadership and Development is running the contest and event.

By Tom Conning

Carlisle Barracks ends housing era

A crisp wind on a snowy January morning bites at any exposed skin as demolition equipment rips, crunches and flattens a simple, white, split-level, Mayberry-like house that was home to generations of Army War College families since the 1950s. This is the beginning of the end for the homes, better known as “Smurf” houses than by their official Carlisle Barracks name.

Contractors for Balfour Beatty tear down Smurf houses on Carlisle Barracks Jan. 16. Demolition of the 60-year-old houses should be finished by March and construction will start on more effective and efficient homes. Photo by Tom Conning.

Balfour Beatty is demolishing 69 houses, built more than 60 years ago and replacing them with 56 modern homes. New homes will be more energy efficient, more practical for modern needs, and cheaper than remodeling, said Ty McPhillips, project director for Balfour Beatty Communities.

“It’s not cost effective by any means to remodel,” said McPhillips. “You would end up with a lesser product that’s not desirable and you’d spend a whole lot of money to do it.”

Once Balfour Beatty completes demolition in early March, it will build houses that are more efficient and larger, with conveniences that Smurf housing lacked, like a two-car garage and updated kitchen, elaborated McPhillips.

Carlisle area real-estate broker William Hooke and his associates built the Smurf houses in 1950. His son, William Hooke, Jr. remembered that the houses were progressive then. “They were considered very state-of-the-art at the time in the ‘50s,” said Hooke. “The insulation is sub-standard compared to today.”

Smurf demolition started in the College Arms area of Carlisle Barracks in 2008 as part of the Residential Communities Initiative. Now, Balfour Beatty is working on the rest of the Smurf homes on post.

New construction will start in March and homes are scheduled to be available in July 2014 for The War College students of academic year 2015, said McPhillips.

Newer homes contrast starkly with their 60-year-old counterparts. At the end of the final phase of the BBC construction project in mid-2014, a total of 184 new homes will be available for military families at Carlisle Barracks. Photo by Tom Conning

Former War College students who lived in the Smurf housing with their families remember their experiences fondly.

Charles Allen, USAWC Professor of Leadership and Cultural Studies, lived in Smurf housing from 2000-2001. “It’s had its time, so renovations are a good idea. The new set of quarters are great,” said Allen.

I think a lot of folks have some nostalgia about the time they were in Smurf Village,” Allen said. “All the backyards in Smurf Village opened up to one another. If you had neighbors that you knew either from classroom assignments here or previous tours, you had a chance to share some of those old war stories.”

This sense of community is a common theme among former residents.

Dr. Christopher Fowler, USAWC Registrar, has a picture in his office of the house in which he and his family lived while he attended the War College in 2002. “They weren’t really wired for modern day electronics,” said Fowler, who added, “The plumbing was old.

“It’s more the people around you and the community feeling and the interactions with other people than the actual house because you just take it for granted that Army housing is what it is at any given post,” said Fowler.

Past residents suggest that it’s what they do outside of the homes that define the “Carlisle experience.”