Banner Archive for December 2010

SOCOM commander visits USAWC

Dec. 20, 2010 -- Adm. Eric Olson, commander of U.S. Special Operations Command, spoke to Army War College students in Bliss Hall about the role and scope of his command, the challenges facing the military and answered questions posed by the students.  

In addition to his remarks, Olson had a message for the students.  

"We're not going to fight our way out of the issues and challenges facing us," he said. "We're going to think our way out of this and you will play an important role in that."

Photo by Megan Clugh.

DFAS to release 2010 tax statements via myPay and U.S. mail

INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.(Dec. 3, 2010) – Why wait for the mail? Military service members, military retirees and annuitants, and federal civilian employees paid by the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) can get their 2010 tax statements up to two weeks earlier using myPay.

DFAS has recently released the schedule for posting and mailing 2010 tax statements such as W-2s, 1099Rs and 1099INTs customers will need to file their annual tax returns.

DFAS customers with myPay access ( will be able to obtain their tax statements online on the day they are posted using the secure and convenient pay management system. Additionally, military retirees and annuitants can download their 2010 account statements with information on wages, tax withholdings and allotment information.

2010 tax statement myPay and USPS mail schedule:




Date available on myPay

Dates mailed via the

U.S.Post Office

Retiree Annual Statement (RAS)

Dec. 4, 2010

Dec. 16-31. 2010

Retiree 1099R

Dec. 14, 2010

Dec. 16-31, 2010

Annuitant Account Statement (AAS)

Dec. 15, 2010

Dec. 19-31, 2010

Annuitant 1099R

Dec. 15, 2010

Dec. 19-31, 2010


Not available via myPay

Jan. 4-5, 2011

Active Duty Air Force, Army, Navy W-2

Jan. 24, 2011

Jan. 24-29, 2011

Reserve Air Force, Army, Navy W-2

Jan. 4, 2011

Jan. 4-7, 2011

Marine Corps Active & Reserve W-2

Jan. 18, 2011

Jan. 19-20, 2011

Civilian employee W-2

Jan. 6, 2011

Jan. 7-15, 2011

Savings Deposit Program 1099INT

Jan. 21, 2011

Jan. 21-22, 2011

Vendor Pay 1099

Not available via myPay

Jan. 20-25, 2011

Vendor Pay MISC W-2

Jan. 31, 2011

Jan. 20-25, 2011

Travel PCS W-2

Jan. 31, 2011

Jan. 20-25, 2011

Army Non-Appropriated Fund Civilian Pay W-2

Jan. 11, 2011

Not available

* Voluntary Separation Incentive/Special Separation Benefit

Tax statements available through myPay are approved for use by the IRS. In addition to their earlier availability over mailed forms, tax statements posted to accounts in myPay remain available throughout the year.

Additionally, myPay users can establish limited access passwords for family members and trusted caretakers or tax preparers to view and print tax statements. Limited access users are not permitted to make changes to the primary users account information.  After logging in to myPay, go to Personal Settings to establish limited access passwords.

myPay is a secure Web-based pay information system. One of the many benefits of this system is avoiding risks associated with identity theft. The secure technology provided to myPay customers meets or exceeds security requirements in private industry worldwide.

Using myPay to access tax statements eliminates the preparation and mailing costs incurred with the traditional distribution methods. Combined with the earlier availability of statements online, this makes myPay a better option for many DFAS customers and the Department of Defense.

DFAS customers who have forgotten their user name, password or wish to open a myPay account can do so on the myPay Web site at

Capt. Hajja Sahio-Hicks, 58th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Ruhl Armory
Safety message: What if?

Command Sgt. Maj. Gary H. Woodard was 45 years old, had been married 24 years and fathered three children. An Army National Guard Soldier, he worked full time with a local hospital. During his well-respected military career, he was known for taking care of his Soldiers and had touched the lives of many.

Woodard was a very cautious man. When I first met him, he was a first sergeant and always careful when it came to safety in the field and during training on drill weekends. His philosophy was “not on my dime” — meaning there would be no accidents during his drill period. He thoroughly reviewed all risk assessments and ensured safety briefings were completed and revised for all operations at least three months out.

One cool March night he was running in his neighborhood, as he usually did a few days each week. It was a routine that never got old for him. But this night would be different and change the lives of many forever. As he was running, he was hit by a car driven by a young woman visiting Family in the neighborhood. He was rushed to the hospital where, after a few days, his Family had to make the most difficult decision of their lives. He passed away late that night, the victim of head injuries from which he could not recover. His loss was devastating to his Guard unit. As I thought of him, I kept asking myself, “What if?”

What if he had been running against the direction of traffic instead of with it? What if he’d been running on the sidewalk instead of the street? What if he’d worn a reflective vest that night? Would the driver have seen him? What if he hadn’t had on his iPod? Would he have heard the car coming in time to react? What if he’d run just a little earlier that day (while it was still light outside)? Maybe he would still be here with us today.

It has been almost a year since his death. I often wonder how different things might be had he taken home the composite risk management procedures he pushed so hard on drill weekends.

As Soldiers, we’re taught to be aware of the risks in combat and training. But what about the risks in things we’ve done countless times in environments we assume are safe? Is there really ever a time or place so safe we can afford to let down our guard?

If you don’t know the answer, just ask Woodard’s wife and children. Then remember, safety is not just for us, it’s also for the sake of those we’d leave behind.


Rick McBride, Installation Management Safety Office
Safety message: Staying in the Fight

Combatives training is an important part of being a prepared Soldier. It provides the skills to help you protect yourself, as well as your comrades, in combat. Unfortunately, this training can sometimes take Soldiers out of the fight if they don’t take the proper precautions.

Like any other Soldier in the Army, I received instruction in combatives during Basic Combat Training (BCT). But this was mainly just an introduction. As a high school and Division II college wrestler, I knew about this topic, which meant the instruction at BCT seemed a little slow to me because it was geared toward Soldiers who may have been less experienced in this area.

My first real introduction into modern Army combatives occurred at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., which was my first duty station. No, I was not a resident of this fine penitentiary; however, I was required to conduct monthly inspections of the United States Disciplinary Barracks (USDB). Anyone conducting business regularly within the USDB had to receive a four-week pre-service training before they could enter the facility. The curriculum provided a wide variety of information that included prison weapons, gang tattoos, inmate interaction and two days of hand-to-hand combat training.

Everything was going well with the self-defense/hand-to-hand combat training. The instructors provided us with useful background information, as well as their standard safety briefing. The pace of the instruction was good and I was performing quite well against my fellow classmates; therefore, the instructors chose to use me for demonstrations. Because of my enthusiasm and confidence, I agreed to participate. The class leaders instructed me to tap out if I felt like I was in too much pain or if I was going to lose consciousness. However, during the exercise, my stubbornness kicked in. I believed I was tough enough to take anything they tried on me.

The instructor demonstrated chokes from the mount position. He started with a cross-collar choke. In this type of choke, the instructor grabbed my lapels with opposite hands and tightly drew his hands together. This cuts off the blood circulation to the brain, causing an individual to lose consciousness. Within a few seconds, I began to feel dizzy. The next thing I remember was waking up with my two instructors standing over me. The rest of my classmates were stunned, and I noticed the shocked looks on their faces. The instructors thought this incident provided a great demonstration of the effectiveness of the choke. I was not seriously injured, but the incident did scare the hell out of me.

What happened to me was not uncommon. In fact, there have been 190 reported Army combatives training-related injuries since 2006. Accidents and/or injuries are categorized according to severity. Class A is the most serious type, resulting in death or a total permanent disability. Class B accidents result in a permanent partial disability. Class C accidents include any injury that requires time taken away from work and does not fall within Class A or B.

There has been only one Class A combatives training accident within this time frame, and a majority of the accidents since 2006 are classified as Class C. Although these injuries are less serious, they still take Soldiers out of the fight for which they are being prepared. Most of these injuries involved overextended joints in the knees, shoulders and elbows, as well as muscle strains and blows to the head or face. Many of these injuries are preventable by using the proper precautions. The following tips are meant for you, the Soldier, to use to avoid injury.

Follow Instructions
The instructor’s role is to provide information Soldiers can use in a combatives situation without injuries occurring during the training. Do not ignore the direction provided during drills.

Ask Questions
If you are unsure about the proper technique to use on your partner, ask questions before participating in drills. Taking time to ensure you understand the correct way to perform a skill will keep you and your partner safe. Beginning a drill feeling uncomfortable is an excellent way to become another statistic. When it comes to safety, there really is no such thing as a stupid question.

Strength Training and Stretching
Soldiers are required to conduct physical training (PT) every day in the Army. Many experts say core strength training is the key to preventing injuries in sports such as wrestling, grappling and mixed martial arts. Core strength training includes the gluteus maximus, abdominal muscles and back and chest muscles. Staying limber is also helpful in avoiding injury. Stretching is an important start before any type of PT, including combatives and hand-to-hand combat. Exercising without stretching and warming up properly can lead to injuries, including, but not limited to, pulled and strained muscles, knee and joint injuries and additional soreness following the activity.

Know Your Limits
Overconfidence is a major risk factor for many Soldiers. Knowing your limits and not being afraid to let your partner know when to ease up is important to avoid serious injury. Avoid taking additional risks when taking combatives training. While you may enjoy combatives training, it’s important to remember that pushing your body further than it is able to tolerate can lead to injury, which means less actual participation in the training.

Be a Good Partner
Understand that you are not there to injure yourself or your partner. Proper combatives training requires you to train hard; however, listening to and understanding your partner is the key to preventing injury. When pairing with a partner, choose someone who is similar in size and ability level. Pay close attention to warning signs that your partner may be under too much physical stress. This may include verbal or nonverbal communication such as tapping or vocalizing their discomfort. If your buddy taps out or says “stop,” discontinue what you are doing immediately. Combatives training is not the time to deal with negative issues you may have with another Soldier. It is completely unacceptable to address personal vendettas during this type of training. The goal is to prepare your fellow Soldiers for possible hand-to-hand combat situations in a realistic, yet controlled, setting.

Combatives training provides skills to help you protect yourself and your comrades in combat. Ignoring these tips increases your risk of harming yourself or others. Don’t take yourself or a buddy out of the fight.

The Joint Services Physical Training Injury Prevention Work Group (JSPTIPWG) recommends mouthguards be worn by all individuals participating in high-risk activities. According to the JSPTIPWG, Army Training and Doctrine Command posts where trainees wear mouthguards have reduced orofacial injuries by 68 percent. The Army has made mouthguard use a requirement by incorporating this intervention into Army Regulation 600-63, Army Health Promotion Program: “The Army Unit commanders will require and enforce mouthguard use during pugil stick training, bayonet/M16 training, obstacle/confidence course training, and hand-to-hand combat training. Commanders will require mouthguard use during PT or unit sports activities that may involve injury to the face or mouth as a result of head-to-head contact, falls, tooth clenching or blows to the mouth.”


Donna Miles, American Forces Press Service

'Don't Ask' remains in effect as Gates, Mullen tackle plan

WASHINGTON, Dec. 18, 2010 - Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates and Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, welcomed the Senate's vote today to repeal the so-called "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" law, while emphasizing that the current law and policy will remain in effect until they and President Barack Obama certify the plan to implement it.

"Once this legislation is signed into law by the president, the Department of Defense will immediately proceed with the planning necessary to carry out this change carefully and methodically, but purposefully," Gates said in a statement released today.

The legislation specifies that the repeal will take effect only after Gates, Mullen and Obama certify that new policies and regulations to implement it are "consistent with the standards of military readiness, military effectiveness, unit cohesion and retention of the armed forces," the secretary noted.

"As I have stated before, I will approach this process deliberately and will make such certification only after careful consultation with the military service chiefs and our combatant commanders and when I am satisfied that those conditions have been met for all the services, commands and units," he said.

Mullen said he looks forward to working with Gates and the service chiefs and said he's "committed to making sure that process is well-led, maintains our combat readiness and upholds our high standards."

In the meantime, Gates said it's important that the men and women in uniform understand that, although today's vote means the policy will change, the implementation and certification process will take time. "In the meantime, the current law and policy will remain in effect," he said.

"Successful implementation will depend upon strong leadership, a clear message and proactive education throughout the force," he said. "With a continued and sustained commitment to core values of leadership, professionalism and respect for all, I am convinced that the U.S. military can successfully accommodate and implement this change, as it has others in history."

Mullen welcomed legislative over judicial repeal of the law, noting that it "preserves the military's prerogative to implement change in a responsible, deliberate manner."

He echoed Obama's conviction that repealing the policy is "the right thing to do."

"No longer will able men and women who want to serve and sacrifice for their country have to sacrifice their integrity to do so," the chairman said. "We will be a better military as a result."

Jessica Sheets, Army Heritage and Education Center
Remembering a Carlisle Patriot: Major James Armstrong Wilson

The Wilson House, Building 259, where Major James Armstrong Wilson allegedly lived. The house sits along the Harrisburg Pike just outside post. AHEC Photo.

Northeast of Carlisle Borough, near the intersection of Cavalry Road and Route 11, sits a distinguished, white-washed, brick home, known as the Wilson House. Behind that impressive front is the compelling story of a Revolutionary War officer, Major James Armstrong Wilson, who may have been the first commander of Continental troops at Carlisle Barracks.

In January 1776, Wilson was commissioned a captain in the 6th Pennsylvania Battalion. That spring, the unit marched to Canada. Wilson survived his battalion’s defeat at Trois Rivières in June and began an arduous retreat. Along the way, according to a British lieutenant, a British “party of observation. . . . fell in with a party of the enemy, and, after some fireing [sic], brought them to us prisoners. . . . The captains [sic] name was Wilson.” Wilson had been leading thirty men, who impressed the British with their fighting.

It is unclear when Wilson was paroled and exchanged. Margaret Miller, his future wife, was at “Mr. White’s tavern,” 137 East High Street, when she saw Wilson return to Carlisle. In October 1777, Wilson was promoted to major and ordered to command Continental Soldiers who would guard the supplies at Carlisle. It appears that Wilson was the first American commander of troops at the post. He had “the entire direction of all guards and continental troops at Carlisle, (the corps of artificers excepted),” ran courts martial, and cooperated with the artificers. He left the Army when Congress disbanded his guards in June 1778.

According to secondary sources, the Wilson House was constructed in 1780 or 1781. An October 1780 road docket notes “the Dwelling House of James Wilson” along “the great road” (Route 11). The home was built over large rocks which are visible in the basement. Many early features remain—glass window panes, paneled doors and hardware, handrails, fireplaces and mantles, worn stairs to the basement, and a kitchen fireplace in the basement.

On December 26, 1787, citizens gathered in downtown Carlisle to celebrate Pennsylvania’s adoption of the U.S. Constitution. Wilson played a role in organizing the event and was preparing to fire a cannon when opponents instigated a riot. The Carlisle Gazette reported that Wilson would have been beaten to death by the mob “had not a trusty old soldier thrown himself on the Major” to protect him.

On March 17, 1788, Wilson passed away, likely from injuries sustained at the riot. He was thirty-six and left his wife and four children, ages five months to ten years. Wilson’s obituary said, “In him his wife has lost an affectionate husband, his children a tender and indulgent father . . . and his country a disinterested and inflexible patriot.” It is not known where he was buried.

The house stayed in the family for a few generations. Sources indicate the addition on the right side was constructed in the 1930s. In 1959, the Army purchased the house and has used it as quarters.

Wilson has been confused with the James Wilson who signed the Declaration of Independence and resided temporarily in Carlisle. (The other Wilson’s birth and death dates are on the Wilson House plaque.) However, Major Wilson has his own unique story, which must be remembered. As an officer and as a civilian, he stood strongly, as the home does today, and endured much for his country.

Lt. Gen. Rick Lynch, IMCOM Commander

AFAP Update:  Employment and Family Support

As the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management, I have an important responsibility to oversee the Army Family Action Plan (AFAP) process, which is a program that enables Soldiers, Civilians and Family members to communicate quality of life issues to Army leaders. Information provided through this process allows leaders the opportunity to affect changes that will lead to a more satisfied and resilient Army community.

Every month subject matter experts from across the Army meet to analyze recommendations submitted through the AFAP process to determine if they are achievable.  These recommendations will then be presented at the next annual General Officer Steering Committee in January 2011.  I have promised to regularly communicate our progress throughout the process.  This month we reviewed recommendations related to employment and Family support. 

Issue number 617 recommends providing greater visibility of qualified Wounded Warrior job applicants to Federal hiring officials.  The Civilian Human Resource Agency (CHRA) has made much progress with this issue.  One accomplishment is their partnership with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs to integrate the use of their Veteran Resume Inventory ( into Army recruitment business processes.  Additionally, CHRA has developed—

  • The Civilian Personnel On-Line (CPOL) Wounded Warrior webpage.
  • The Wounded Warrior Referral Process.
  • The Wounded Warrior and spouse web-based resume inventory.
  • A briefing that explains how to direct-hire Wounded Warriors.  This briefing is now included in the mandatory New Supervisor’s Training Course.


Department of Defense State Liaisons and the Army have also made progress on issue number 524, which recommends granting unemployment compensation to military spouses that leave their jobs when accompanying service members on a permanent change of station (PCS) move.  To date, 38 states provide unemployment compensation while the District of Columbia and Maryland evaluate eligibility on a case-by-case basis.  Ohio and Tennessee have active legislation in progress to provide unemployment compensation.  Outreach efforts are being focused on the remaining States to solicit their support for these dedicated military spouses and their Families. 

Issue number 556 is a recommendation to eliminate the financial inequities in the DoD Child Care Fee Policy due to a limited number of Total Family Income (TFI) categories.  Work on this issue resulted in the addition of three new categories and an expanded fee range in each category.  We are on track to achieve our school year 2012-2013 goal of reaching an Army-wide single fee in each TFI category, which will result in more consistency and predictability for Families as they move from post to post.

Issue number 639 recommends that Advanced Individual Training (AIT) Soldiers who require Exceptional Family Member (EFM) services and have received an overseas assignment remain at their current installation until notification of EFM service availability and command sponsorship is granted by the overseas travel approval authority.   As a result of this recommendation, a rapid revision to AR 608-75, which governs the Army Exceptional Family Member Program, is in the process of being published.  The revision directs that all Soldiers with EFMs will remain at their current installation pending notification of EFM service availability and command sponsorship from the overseas command. 

Although we have made progress with some issues, we still have work to do on others.  This month we will continue to analyze the attainability of the following issues:

  • Authorizing 100 percent of the death gratuity to any person designated as a beneficiary by a Department of the Army Civilian killed in a military contingency operation (regardless of their relationship).  Currently the law only recognizes spouses, children, parents or siblings as eligible survivors (issue number 634).
  • Establishing a centralized Department of Defense leave donation bank for civilian employees (issue number 615).
  • Aligning compensatory hours with standard overtime rates for Army Civilians (issue number 649).
  • Standardizing and enforcing the Total Army Sponsorship Program (TASP) by providing trained and available sponsors equipped with the information and referral resources needed for Soldiers and Families during times of transition (issue number 609).
  • Accounting for the unborn children of pre-existing pregnancieswhen calculating the transitional benefits for Family members of military personnel who were separated and discharged due to domestic abuse (issue umber 625).
  • Coordinating with U.S. Citizen and Immigration Service for approval of DoD-administered fingerprinting and physical examinations (issue number 515).
  • Providing EFMP enrollment eligibility for Reserve Component Soldiers (issue number 650).
  • Conducting a holistic review of Family Readiness Group fundraising in the Active and Reserve Components (issue number 652). 

The Army is working the issues, but the Army Family Action Plan is your program.  I encourage you to learn more about the AFAP process and follow the progress on issues that are currently being worked.  I invite you to visit the Army OneSource website at www.myarmyonesource.comand select the Family Programs and Services menu to activate the AFAP active issue search feature.  Once there, you can search by keyword or issue number.  You can also search by subject area, demographic group or geographical area to see what we are doing to improve the quality of life for Soldiers, Civilians and Families.

Jessica Bittle, USAWC security office
OPSEC, social networking sites

Dec. 20, 2010 -- Social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter, are software applications that connect people and information in spontaneous, interactive ways. While they can be useful and fun, they can also provide adversaries, such as terrorists, spies, and criminals, with critical information needed to harm you or disrupt your mission.

 Practicing operations security (OPSEC) will help you to recognize your critical information and protect it from an adversary. Here are a few safety tips to get you started. THINK BEFORE YOU POST! Remember, your information could become public at any time due to hacking, configuration errors, social engineering, or the business practice of selling or sharing user data.


Personal Information

Do you:

  • Keep sensitive, work-related information OFF your profile?
  • Keep your plans, schedules and location data to yourself?
  • Protect the names and information of coworkers, friends, and family members?
  • Tell friends to be careful when posting photos and information about you and your family?

Posted Data

Before posting did you:

  • Check all photos for indicators in the background or reflective surfaces?
  • Check filenames and file tags for sensitive data (your name, organization or other details)?


Are they:

  • Unique from your other online passwords?
  • Sufficiently hard to guess?
  • Adequately protected (not shared or given away)?

Settings and Privacy

Did you:

  • Carefully look for and set all your privacy and security options?
  • Determine both your profile AND search visibility?
  • Sort “friends” into groups and networks, and set access permissions accordingly?
  • Verify thorough other channels that a “friend” request was actually from your friend?
  • Add untrusted people to the group with the lowest permissions and access?

Security-- Remember to:

  • Keep your anti-virus software updated.
  • Beware of links, downloads, and attachments just as you would in e-mails.
  • Beware of “apps” or plugins, which are often written by unknown third parties who might use them to access your data and friends.
  • Look for HTTPS and the lock icon that indicate active transmission security before logging in or entering sensitive data (especially when using wi-fi hotspots).


“I welcome today’s vote by the Senate clearing the way for a legislative repeal of the ‘Don’t Ask Don’t Tell’ law. 

“Once this legislation is signed into law by the President, the Department of Defense will immediately proceed with the planning necessary to carry out this change carefully and methodically, but purposefully.  This effort will be led by Dr. Clifford Stanley, Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness and himself a retired Marine Corps major general and infantry officer. 

“The legislation provides that repeal will take effect once the President, the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff certify that implementation of the new policies and regulations written by the Department is consistent with the standards of military readiness, military effectiveness, unit cohesion, and recruiting and retention of the Armed Forces.  As I have stated before, I will approach this process deliberately and will make such certification only after careful consultation with the military service chiefs and our combatant commanders and when I am satisfied that those conditions have been met for all the Services, commands and units. 

“It is therefore important that our men and women in uniform understand that while today’s historic vote means that this policy will change, the implementation and certification process will take an additional period of time.  In the meantime, the current law and policy will remain in effect.

“Successful implementation will depend upon strong leadership, a clear message and proactive education throughout the force.  With a continued and sustained commitment to core values of leadership, professionalism and respect for all, I am convinced that the U.S. military can successfully accommodate and implement this change, as it has others in history.”

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin holiday message

Click the image to the left or the link below to watch a holiday message from Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, Army War College Commandant.

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
FLAGS ‘special forces’ graduate, set for next mission

Lisa Towery, Facilitating Leadership and Group Skills program director, talks to the 10 new facilitators during their graduation ceremony Dec. 17, at the Letort View Community Center. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.

Dec. 17, 2010 – A select group of 10 new Facilitating Leadership and Group Skills facilitators were honored today for completing their training and are ready to begin the next phase of their mission to help military families.

“You are the 'special forces' of this FLAGS program,” said Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC commandant. “You will go out into the world first and help train the next generation of leaders.”

The FLAGS program, held in Collins Hall, has been training Army War College spouses for the January FLAGS sessions, an annual event since 1992. The FLAGS mission statement identifies the program as a volunteer-based initiative that strives to help senior military spouses become strategic thinkers and problem solvers. However the spouses who have completed the training said the program offers much more.

“It really helps us hone our skills so we can serve as mentors to the younger spouses and family members,” said Kathy Harlan, a math teacher and spouse of USAWC student Lt. Col. Michael Harlan. “My responsibility is to help younger spouses in military-life reach their potential and this program helps us develop those skills.”

Martin said that this program is important because it helps develop strong families.

“The families are a crucial part of the military team,” he said. “We could not do what we do without really strong families.

These new facilitators will help lead the next FLAGS training session at Carlisle Barracks, offered the week of Jan 25-29, 2011 from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. FLAGS is open to all spouses of the Army War College, both student and faculty or staff, and consideration is given as well for attendance to war college staff employees based on space availability.

Sarah Milson-Mahy, spouse of Australian Col. Michael Mahy, poses for a photo with Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC commandant, during the ceremony.  Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.

“FLAGS is a good fit for anyone who has a desire to be a more effective group member, both in groups currently affiliated with, as well as those he or she may be affiliated with in the future,” said Lisa Towery, who has been the program director since 2007.

Martin said that because this program takes part at the Army War College, it has the ability to reach a broader, joint audience.

“Our mission here is to develop and support strategic leaders,” he said. “You, by taking part in this program, are a key part of that."

For more information on how to sign up for FLAGS, contact Military Family Programming Coordinators Laura Kubica and Amy Manning at by phone at 245-4787.

Those honored today were:

  • Shelle Altieri
  • Terry Drushal
  • Thomas Gattis
  • Patricia Hanley
  • Kathy Harlan
  • Young Kops
  • Karen Maxton
  • Sarah Milson-Mahy
  • Selene Sanchez
  • Rita Spreu

Also recognized but unalble to attend was Merete Simonsen.

Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Chairman's Corner: Happy Birthday National Guard

WASHINGTON, Dec. 13, 2010 - As Americans prepare to celebrate and give thanks amidst the hustle and bustle of the holiday season, I'd like to take a moment to recognize the 374th birthday of the National Guard and our Citizen-Warriors: those stationed throughout our Nation and those deployed across the globe.

Throughout your long and distinguished history, you have been a unique yet vital part of our Total Force, continually embodying your motto: Always Ready, Always There. From the front lines of the American Revolution to the shadow of the Hindu Kush, you have come from every state and territory, standing shoulder-to-shoulder and flying wingtip-to-wingtip with your brothers and sisters in arms.

The Guard's contributions to our traditional military roles are vital, but the skill sets you bring to the fight are equally indispensible. From the State Partnership Program that conducts outreach to more than 40 partner nations to Agriculture Development Teams helping farmers in Afghanistan ... whenever our Nation has called, the National Guard has answered.

Of course, these unique capabilities are only possible because of the very real service provided by those who support each member of the National Guard. For every Citizen-Warrior who serves, there is a family, an employer and a community who must also make sacrifices. Together, you demonstrate one of our country's greatest attributes: the shared sense of responsibility and commitment that has enabled our Nation to meets its greatest challenges throughout our history.

On behalf of the Joint Chiefs, I thank the National Guard and its supporting communities for 374 years of service. Happy Birthday!

Gen. Rick Lynch, IMCOM Commander
Focus on Army Family is year round

We often recognize and honor the commitment and sacrifice of our military Families.  The strength of our Army is the Army Family, and we are asking more of Families than at any time in the past. As such, the Army is aggressively working to support those who are the strength of our Soldiers.

The strength also comes from more than 30,000 participants who attended the 2010 Association of the U.S. Army Annual (AUSA) Conference in October, held in Washington, DC. AUSA supports Soldiers, Civilians, Family members and Retirees of all branches of the Army by providing a platform to address their concerns. Every year, AUSA draws thousands of Soldiers and Army Civilians worldwide to view exhibits on the latest technology and attend special presentations on various issues affecting the Army.

The AUSA conference hosts several forums for those who work on behalf of the Army Family -- senior Army leaders, subject matter experts and Family members -- to discuss critical issues Families are facing. Family Forums have been a favorite for over 10 years, with this year's being the most widely attended of the sessions. Thousands of Soldiers, Family members and command teams attended this year's forums that were broken into four themes: Army Families,  Our Leaders; Army Families, Our Children; Army Families, Caring for Ourselves; and Army Families, Caring for Our Survivors.  Soldiers and Family members got a chance to voice their concerns to senior Army leaders, who, in turn, addressed their concerns.

Central to some of the concerns are the promises the Army has made to Families in the Army Family Covenant: promises to enhance Family strength, resilience and readiness and to provide an environment in which Family members can thrive. These promises are non-negotiable, and the Installation Management Community is charged with delivering on many of them, by providing Families with the right programs and services in the right place at the right time.

A common theme addressed across the Family Forums was the challenge of providing  programs and services for all of our Soldiers and Family members. As leaders, service providers and Family members noted during the AUSA Family Forums, access can be an issue, particularly for those who do not live near an installation. That is why the Army is creating Army Strong Community Centers: to provide information, resources and assistance to Active, Reserve and National Guard service members, retirees, veterans and family members who cannot easily get to an installation. Currently, three ASCCs are open, in Rochester, NY, Brevard, N.C., and Coraopolis, Penn. Another one opens in Oregon City, Oregon, in early 2011.

Another important topic of discussion was the role technology plays as an invaluable tool in helping Soldiers and Families access programs and services anytime and anywhere, as websites such as are demonstrating. The Army is continuing to look at different ways to use technology, such as Virtual Installations. While we cannot put a bricks-and-mortar installation in every community, we can build a Virtual Installation that provides localized support to all members of the Army Family.

The Army Families, Our Children forum focused on programs and opportunities that lessen the impact of effects of deployments on children. Currently more than 142,000 Army children are dealing with the absence of a deployed parent. Just like the adults around them, Army children are also dealing with separations, reunions, injuries and death. We want to help our children cope with these issues, and more than that, to help them grow into strong, resilient young adults. To that end, we are working with a number of partners, including universities, to provide programs that support the healthy development of our children. There are programs for our youngest, such as Talk, Listen, Connect, and others through the elementary and high school years, such as 4-H, Boys and Girls Clubs, and Backpack Journalism.

The Army Families, Caring for Ourselves forum focused on caregivers and Family Readiness Group Leaders. With this in mind, several initiatives, like "Coming Together Around Military Families," are in progress to better prepare the professionals who work with our children and help them understand the challenges and opportunities of military life.

Army marriages face challenges every day. The divorce rate has increased during the last nine years of conflict, but efforts are underway to strengthen Army marriages through a study called "Supporting Those Who Serve." The study is one of the largest ever conducted, which includes data on the effects of combat exposure on Soldiers and their Families, and highlights of services available for couples. Programs that support relationships include Oxygen for Your Relationship and Strong Bonds.

This is the first year a special forum -- Army Families, Caring for Our Survivors -- was held to focus on the needs of Army survivors. We owe a special debt to the survivors of Soldiers who have made the ultimate sacrifice. The Survivor Outreach Services Program, launched two years ago in recognition of the needs of survivors, continues to grow and evolve in response to feedback from survivors. The program is increasing counseling services, improving notification procedures and looking for ways to expand financial support services. The importance of the Survivor Outreach Services Program cannot be overstated. We want survivors to know that they are a part of the Army Family for as long as they desire.

Results from the forums are available at

I encourage you to visit the site to view the feedback.

In the Installation Management Community we take our responsibility to provide quality services and programs for all Soldiers and Families very seriously. We are always looking for ways to enhance our programs and services, based on research, program results and feedback from Soldiers and Families. We are also looking for ways to communicate about what is happening with Family programs. We want Families to know what services and programs exist for them and to let us know how they are working. We are proud of the work we do to deliver on the Army's promises: It is part of our ongoing commitment to Families, for the sacrifices they make, and to Soldiers, whose strength and readiness is rooted in the strength of their Families.

Dunham Clinic offering self-care classes

Did you know that you can obtain two non-prescription medications per month from the Dunham Pharmacy after completing the Dunham’s self-care class?  

The class if offered the second Tuesday of each month from 3 to 4 p.m. To register  *Call 245-3630 or


*Check-in at the reception area of Dunham Clinic

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
PKSOI partners with Harvard to discuss tough topics

A mix of military, academia and governmental agencies came together for a two-day Mass Atrocity Response Operation workshop was held Dec. 8-9 in Gettysburg, Pa, and hosted by the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, in collaboration with the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.

Dec. 10, 2010 – Fighting for, and protecting the rights and lives of others has long been a hallmark of the American people and military.  So it’s only fitting that a workshop focusing on those very topics was held mere miles from battlefields where thousands of Americans died fighting for the rights of others.

The two-day Mass Atrocity Response Operation workshop was held Dec. 8-9 in Gettysburg, Pa,  and hosted by the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute in collaboration with the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. It was open to interested members of academia, civil society, government, and U.S and international military to analyze a variety of topics related to mass atrocities.

The MARO initiative is a response to the historical lack of planning for similar atrocities in Rwanda and Srebrenica, which both demonstrated that the policymaking and planning communities were not prepared to respond adequately to such crises.

The project was started in 2007 by Sarah Sewall at Harvard's Carr Center. Sewall is a highly-respected expert on security issues and former Deputy Assistant of Defense for Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance. Sewell also wrote the introduction to the commercial version of Field Manual 3-24: the U.S. Army's Counterinsurgency manual. PKSOI and Sewall began their collaboration on the project shortly after it was published. In addition to the MARO Handbook which was published earlier this year, they have conducted two MARO table top exercises with European Command.

“Over the past ten years our military has increasingly understood the importance of a ‘comprehensive approach’ that integrates military and non-military actors, using military and non-military instruments of power, to achieve military and non-military goals,” said Dwight Raymond, PKSOI. “One of PKSOI's main attributes is its relationships with organizations outside of the US military. We have partnered with numerous organizations such as the United Nations, the United States Institute of Peace, the Department of State Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stability and, during the MARO project, with Harvard Kennedy School's Carr Center for Human Rights Policy.”

Sewell delivered the keynote address for the workshop, and spoke about a variety of challenges including the full impact of mass atrocities, and how to start to integrate it into the operational planning process.

“Working with PKSOI I think that we have been able to accomplish more jointly than we would have individually,” she said. “The challenge we both face is that institutional change is hard, so it will take time to make it an actionable concept. The Army and PKSOI are both far ahead in thinking about and finding out how to accomplish this but there is still work to be done.”

Workshop attendees said that these types of relationships and discussions are important in tackling tough issues like mass atrocity response.

“It’s vital that we discuss these types of issues because we will be faced with these challenges in the future,” said Col. Walter Piatt, an Army War College Fellow at Georgetown.

“Dealing with a mass atrocity situation brings to light many legal, logistical and moral challenges that many times we don’t always consider,” said Dr. J. Holmes Armstead, a professor emeritus at Washington and Lee University and former Army officer and Naval War College instructor. “We need to look at these issues from all perspective so we can make sure that we have the right plan and the right people and equipment in the right place to bring about a solution.”

“These partnerships are valuable because we benefit from the incredible talent resident in these organizations, and because we can contribute to an influential and broad community of interest,” said Raymond. “Mass atrocity prevention and response is a distinct area in which human rights organizations, policy-makers, and military forces can share a common understanding regarding desired objectives.”

The workshop included presentations by Tori Holt, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs; Rosa Brooks, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Rule of Law and International Humanitarian Policy; Mike McNerney, Principal Director for Plans in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, and Dr. James Waller, who holds the Cohen Chair of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Keene State College.

During the workshop a panel of discussions focused on the Sudan. Panel members included Dr. Linda Bishai, Senior Program Officer at United States Institute of Peace, Tim Shortley, Deputy to the Special Envoy to the Sudan and Col. Stephen Mariano, United States Army Africa. 

“We chose Southern Sudan because of the potential for mass atrocities to occur in conjunction with the referendum scheduled for January 9,” said Raymond. “The referendum will likely result in Southern Sudan seceding from the rest of the country, which could in turn lead to violence over the oil-rich Abyei region that sits astride the boundary, a fragile southern state that is unable to prevent violence between tribal and political groups in the south, and the potential return of the Lord's Resistance Army which could flow back into Southern Sudan to exploit the resulting security vacuum.”

“In February of this year, the Director of National Intelligence testified before Congress that ‘a number of countries in Africa and Asia are at significant risk for a new outbreak of mass killing. Among these countries, a new mass killing or genocide is most likely to occur in southern Sudan.’"

How to prevent these situations is a large topic of conversation across the world said Raymond.

“Mass atrocity fits into a broader topic known as ‘Protection of Civilians’ which is being heavily addressed in the United Nations, academia, and governmental circles,” he said. “It also relates to population-centric COIN strategies. By focusing on the topic and developing better capabilities to prevent and respond, the international community may also make such incidents less likely to occur.”

This workshop was only one part of a continually evolving program.   

“In the future, we intend to conduct additional tabletop exercises, assist with the development of related contingency plans, support the development of related policy-making, and assist in the development of Protection of Civilian doctrine that could be used by international government organizations such as the UN,” said Raymond.  

As part of the conference attendees broke into working groups and discussed issues related to the topic and heard updates from participants like the FBI, the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Stimson Center, academic institutions, and the Raphael Lemkin Seminar Program.  Attendees were also able to discuss concerns during question and answer periods.

Agency backgrounds

The US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) is located at the US Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and is the Army's Center of Excellence for stability and peace operations at the strategic and operational levels. PKSOI facilitates information sharing, project development, and integration of efforts among military and civilian government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international and multinational institutions.

The Carr Center for Human Rights Policy is located at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. The mission of the Carr Center is to make human rights principles central to the formulation of sound public policy in the United States and throughout the world, and to train future leaders in the field of human rights. The Center contributes to public policy formulation through the research and public engagement of its faculty and fellows.

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Carlisle Barracks hosts 55th Annual Holiday Social

Col. Carol Eggert, a faculty member at the Army War College escorts a guest into the holiday social. Photo by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

 Dec. 10, 2010 -The holiday season is about traditions.  One tradition that the Carlisle Barracks and Army War College staff, faculty, students and spouses have celebrated since 1955, is treating local senior citizens to an afternoon of holiday cheer and entertainment.

On Dec. 9 Carlisle Barracks held its 55th annual Senior Citizens Holiday Social at the LeTort View Community Center.

Approximately 130 guests from area nursing homes and their escorts enjoyed an afternoon of holiday cheer.  The guests were treated to a dance demonstration  by the Coyle School of Irish Dance, Christmas Carols sung by the children at the Moore Child Development Center, an Elvis impersonator, and of course, a visit by Santa Claus.

The social gives the Soldiers and civilians who work at Carlisle Barracks a chance to give back to the community and say thank you for what they have done.

“It was great to give back to the borough that gives so much to us,” said Janet Holliday, garrison commander.

Along with the cookies and entertainment each guest was given a framed photo to remember the visit, as well as a bag of cookies to take home.

For many of the escorts the “defining moment” of the social was the smiles and appreciation between the guests and their escorts. 

“As they made their way down the hallway their gestures were vibrant as they took their holiday photos with their escorts prior to entering the main ballroom,” said Lt. Col. Richard “Flip” Wilson, who served as an escort.  “The silent communication between the escorts and their guests spoke volumes with regards to the appreciation, happiness they felt.”

“I think the true measure of this event’s success is in the smiles on our guests’ faces,” said Lt. Col. Scott Rainey, the coordinator for this years’ social.  “I saw a lot of smiles on a lot of faces.”

“They felt like family,” said Wilson.

For more photos:

Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs Office

CNO outlines key issues, reminds students to stay connected

(December 8, 2010) – Increased presence around the globe and striving towards additional interoperability for humanitarian aid worldwide were just some of the issues Adm. Gary Roughead, Chief of Naval Operations, addressed during his presentation to students this week.

Roughead addressed the Army War College class Dec. 8, outlining key responsibilities of the Navy and what he believes will be issues to keep an eye on as the military moves into the future.

Roughead spoke about the Navy’s strong presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as in Djibouti, and highlighted some of the increased efforts in endeavors other than combat missions, including humanitarian assistance. (Photo by Megan Zeller)

“We come from a culture of provide aid and sort out the political situation later and the tsunami of 2004 changed all our mentalities,” he said. “We realized that if we worked with other organizations and other navies our response would be faster. Since then, we have taken a proactive role in humanitarian assistance. From the beginning of 2005, we have treated as many as 500,000 patients aboard our ships.”

Roughead also spoke about initiatives to continue to attract top talent to the services.  “I envy you all because you have the means to stay connected that other generations did not have,” he said while speaking about the military’s use of communication technology such as social media. “I encourage you to reach out and talk to a friend from the war college about things. That is going to become extremely important as you move forward.”

“For the Chief of Naval Operations to take the time to come talk to us, right after speaking to the Naval War College was fantastic,” said student Lt. Col. Rob Hanley. “I think he was very candid with us and he gave us great insight into what the Navy has going on and is looking at for the future. He spoke about strategic issues which are at the forefront of our minds since that is what we are studying and it was valuable to have him go over strategic issues with us.”

A moment of levity also highlighted the talk when Roughead was momentarily interrupted by Gen. George Casey, Chief of Staff of the Army, who appeared live via video teleconference to wish Army War College students happy holidays and cheer on the Army for Saturday’s Army-Navy game in Philadelphia. (Photo by Megan Zeller)

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Navy triumphs over Army

Dec. 7, 2010 - When Army and Navy meet, there is no other game with deeper foundations or greater prestige.  Through many years of intense cheers, unforgettable plays and climatic moments, the Army/Navy rivalry has been etched into the minds of countless fans and followers.  All it takes is for a group of Soldiers to meet a group of Sailors and Marines on an open field with a football.

Col. Ricky Love, the Army quarterback, runs with the ball. Photo by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

On a blistering cold day in December those two groups met on Indian Field at the Army War College to play a game of flag football. 

The game, which featured a color guard from Carson Long Military Academy, a band from Boiling Springs High School and tailgating, was truly a slice of Americana.

“We want to show the International Fellow’s what a traditional American football game and tailgate is all about,” said Liz Knouse, director of the Carlisle Barracks Family, Morale, Welfare and Recreation.

While Army obtained an early lead, Navy was able to rally and beat Army 19-6.

For more photos:!/album.php?aid=262097&id=113116603681










              Marine Col. Tray Ardese, the Navy quarterback, runs with the ball.  Photo by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

USAWC holds town hall meeting

Dec. 7, 2010 - A variety of important topics for post residents, employees and their families were discussed with the Army War College and garrison leadership during a town hall meeting held Dec. 6 in Bliss Hall.

Among the topics discussed were snow removal, an update on the post development projects, events for college age kids this holiday season and when the income tax service would be open.

Kicking off the meeting was Maj. Gen. Gregg Marin, USAWC commandant, who outlined the new mission and vision statements of the college.

 “The old mission statement prepared leaders, we want to develop leaders because we see this experience as a life-changing transformation that will continue to develop long after you graduate,” said Martin.  

The new vision is to be, “the world's best institution for developing strategic leaders and thought – the international institution of choice.”

Winter Weather

Tom Kelly, the head of the Department of Public Works, pointed out the importance of the bright-green snow markers that have been placed around post.

“The snow markers protect my people because it helps them find dangers so we can go around them,” he said.

Kelly went on to say that when the snow comes his first responsibility is to plow the main roads to emergency vehicles can, if needed, get on and off post. 

Heidi Puente, of Balfour Beatty Communities, reminded post residents that they were only required to shovel their drive way and the sidewalk in front of their homes. 

 “We have ice melt available outside of Young Hall, but please bring your own container,” said Puente.

Post residents and employees were also reminded to call 245-3700 or check the Carlisle Barracks Facebook page at, weather related closings or delays. 

Post housing update

The ongoing development at Carlisle Barracks is almost complete.  Ty McPhillips, the BBC project director said that the next phase of the Heritage Heights project was scheduled to begin on July 1. 

“We will tear down the farm house and the remaining Smurf Village houses, and replace them with 56 new duplexes,” said McPhillips.  “The entire plan should take about 20 months.”

Holiday activities

During the holiday season many college age kids will be coming to Carlisle to spend the season with their family.

Liz Knouse, the director of the Carlisle Barracks Family, Morale, Welfare and Recreation said that FMWR was hosting two events to help the students meet other people their age and stay in shape.

“The first thing we have is a college age social at Quarters 2,” said Knouse.  “This will give them a chance to meet other people their age.  It is on Dec. 19 and it starts at 7 p.m.”

For college students who would like to stay in shape during their break or learn how to defend themselves, a combatives level 1 class is being offered.  The class which runs from Dec. 20-23 and Dec. 28-30 will be held from 10 to 11 a.m.

Finally the coming of the New Year also brings W-2 tax forms in the mail.  Carlisle Barracks will once again be offering a free tax service to anyone wishing to partake.  The tax cener will be housed at building 309, which is near the pool, and will be open, by appointment, from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.   If you are interested in making an appointment or volunteering at the tax center please call 245-4940.

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

2010 Army War College Faculty Academic Awards

On Dec. 7 the Army War College took time to honor its faculty and celebrate their excellence by recognizing outstanding members during an awards ceremony in Bliss Hall.

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, commandant, USAWC, applauds during the 2010 Faculty Academic Awards ceremony.  The faculty members who were awarded academic chairs are seated to the left of him. Photo by Megan Clugh

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, commandant USAWC said that recognizing the faculty was important because they were the gravity that held the college together.

“The faculty is the center of gravity at the USAWC  and this group has excelled above and beyond,” said Martin.  “Each of you has moved us towards our vision of becoming the institution of choice for strategic leaders.”

The ceremony honored the faculty in five ways.  Faculty writing awards, military faculty stabilization, academic promotions, honoring a distinguished fellow and  the awarding of academic chairs.

The Col. John J. Madigan III USAWC Staff and Faculty Published Writing Awards 

Prof. Jeffrey L. Caton, CSL - What do senior leaders need to know about cyberspace?” – Crosscutting Issues in International Transformation.

Dr. Conrad C. Crane, USAHEC – “Fighting insurgencies and terrorists in post-conflict situations” – International State Building and Reconstruction Efforts. Experience Gained and lessons Learned.

Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II SSI – “Symmetries of asymmetry myths surrounding the notion of asymmetric war” – Advances in military sociology: Essays in honor of Charles Moskos.

Prof. Frank L. Jones, Dept. of Nat. Sec. and Strategy – The strategic dimensions of terrorism: concepts, countermeasures and conditions in search of security” – Influence warfare: how terrorists and governments fight to shape perceptions in a war of ideas.

Prof. Dennis M. Murphy, CSL – “In search of the art and science of strategic communication.” – Parameters.

Dr. Marybeth P. Ulrich, Dept. of Nat. Sec. and Strategy – Challenges education US. Officers in democratic civil-military relations” – Armed Forces and Society.

The chief of Staff of the Army has approved 12 tenured positions for military faculty at the War College. 

“By granting tenure to these chosen few, we maintain continuity of excellence which resides in extraordinary teaching abilities, expertise, and experience possessed by these individuals,” said Dr. William Johnsen, Dean of Academics.

Newly appointed tenure

Col. Gregory L. Cantwell (DMPSO)

Col. Michael S. Chesney (DCLM)

Col. David D. Dworak (DMSPO)

Col. Patricia L. O’Keefe (DCLM)

Col. Brett D. Weigle (DDE)

Academic promotions

Dr. James E. Gordon, DMSPO – Professor

Prof. Frank L. Jones, DNSS – Associate Professor

Prof. Dennis Murphy, CSL – Associate Professor

Distinguished Fellow

Anthony Williams

Academic Chairs

Dedicated chairs

Prof. Michael Neiberg, Visiting professor from the University of Southern Mississippi - Harold K. Johnson Chair of Military History

Maj. Gen. (ret.) John Altenburg – General Omar N. Bradley Chair of Strategic Leadership

Prof. William I Rodier III – Francis W. De Serio Chair of Strategic and Theater Intelligence.

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, commandant, USAWC, congratulates Col. Richard O’Donnell, for being awarded the General George S. Patton Chair of Operational Research and Analysis. Photo by Megan Clugh

Honorary chairs

Dr. Tami D. Biddle, DNSS –General Hoyt S. Vandenberg Chair of Aerospace Studies

Dr. Christopher J. Bolan, DDE – General Colin Powell Chair of Military and Strategic Studies.

Col. Jerry Cashion, DMSPO – General George C. Marshall Chair of Military Studies

Dr. Stephen J. Gerras, DCLM – General Matthew B. Ridgeway Chair of Leadership

Prof. Frank L. Jones, DNSS – General Dwight D. Eisenhower chair of National Security

Dr. Paul R. Kan, DNSS – Henry L. Stimson Chair of Military Studies

Prof. Harold W. Lord, DCLM- General Brehon Burke Somervell Chair of Management

Col. Richard O’Donnell, CSL – General George S. Patton Chair of Operational Research and Analysis

Gen. Rick Lynch, IMCOM Commander
IMCOM Commander: Services delivered, promises kept

The Army made significant promises when it unveiled the Army Family Covenant in October 2007. With the covenant, the Army commits to providing Soldiers and Families a quality of life that acknowledges their service, sacrifice and dedication. Practically speaking, that means providing programs and services—including Family programs, health care, housing, recreation, education and employment opportunities, and child, school and youth services—that build Soldier and Family well-being, resilience and readiness.

As the Commanding General of Installation Management Command and the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management, I have the lead for executing the Army Family Covenant. That is a charge I take on wholeheartedly, delivering programs and services that help Soldiers and Families thrive.

Soon after I took my post, the Installation Management Community conducted a holistic review of AFC programs to assess if we have the right programs in place to meet Soldier and Family needs.  We wanted to know if there were any gaps in services and if we were delivering services effectively. In short, could Soldiers and Families easily get the assistance they need?

What Soldiers and Families told us is that they have both too much and too little information on available services. Sometimes they did not know that there is a program to help with a specific need. Sometimes they knew of several programs available through different service providers, but could not tell which would be best for their situation.

We took away from the review that we have the right programs in place, but can do a better job of helping Soldiers and Families access those programs. To that end, we began looking at how we can improve access through the source Soldiers and Families already turn to for help and answers: Army Community Service centers.

Army Community Service staff do a lot of heavy lifting in delivering on the promises made in the Army Family Covenant. In fiscal year 2010 ACS staff had more than 14 million contacts with Soldiers, Family members and Civilians, through programs such as Mobilization/Deployment Readiness, Relocation Readiness, Financial Readiness, Army Emergency Relief, Employment Readiness, the Army Spouse Employment Partnership, the Exceptional Family Member Program, the Family Advocacy Program, Survivor Outreach Services, Soldier and family Assistance Centers, Army Family Team Building, and the Army Family Action Plan.

From its beginning in 1965, when relocation assistance and the lending closet were among its first services, ACS has continued to grow and evolve. Today it is often the first place Soldiers and Family members go for information, for personal development and for help in an emergency.  We want to build on ACS’s strengths and central role in the life of an installation. So, based on feedback from 10 focus groups conducted in October, we have developed several ideas for enhancing and updating ACS’s capabilities and processes.

One idea we are looking at is transitioning a number of ACS staff into generalist positions, which will focus on helping Soldiers and Family members navigate services. These staff will be fully cross-trained in all basic ACS services and familiar with other services available across the installation, and will have the tools to be able to do more in-depth assessments of client needs. With this information, they will be able to help clients not only access the programs that address their immediate concerns, but also take advantage of programs that help them meet longer-term goals. If clients need specialized assistance, these staff will make sure they see the right person and will follow up until they have gotten the help they need.

Another idea is to decentralize service delivery locations. ACS will continue to deliver services in traditional ACS centers, but they will also move out to units, in/out processing centers, post exchanges, commissaries, Soldier Readiness Processing sites, community centers, off-post locations—wherever they need to go to support Soldiers and Families in their communities.  In addition, ACS will increase its delivery of services online through Army OneSource (, to reach all Soldiers and Family members regardless of location or component.

We will continue to seek feedback on these and other proposed changes during focus groups I will hold during my upcoming visits to installations. I want to hear from you, Soldiers and Family members, about what will work for you, and from your leaders about how to enhance ACS support. Once you have helped us refine our thinking, we will use your input to design pilot programs at five installations. The pilot programs will run from April to October 2011.

The intent behind the proposals—and behind any change ultimately made permanent—is to ensure that Soldiers and Family members can find the right service at the right time, the first time they seek assistance. There is no wrong door for accessing ACS services. No matter whom Soldiers and Family members talk with or where they seek services, they have come to the right place. ACS is there for them now, when they are dealing with today’s concern, and tomorrow, as they pursue long-term personal goals.

ACS is by no means the only organization on an installation providing services and programs that contribute to the quality of life for Soldiers and Families, but it is often the first place Soldiers and Families look to. So it is a natural place for the Installation Management Community to look to as well, as we continually seek ways to make the delivery of services as effective as possible.

The work of ACS and other quality-of-life service providers is highly visible, tangible proof that the Army is delivering on the promises of the Army Family Covenant. Because of the importance of those promises, we in the Installation Management Community take our responsibility for the delivery of services very seriously. We are committed to providing a strong, supportive environment. The long-term strength of our all-volunteer Army depends on the well-being of Soldiers and Families, but more than that, we owe it to our Soldiers and Families, for their on-going service and dedication.



Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Carlisle Barracks lights up the holidays

The Carlisle Barracks holiday tree.


The Carlisle Barracks community officially kicked off the holiday season with the lighting of the post holiday tree on Dec. 2. 

“The Christmas tree is universally regarded as a symbol,” said Lt. Col. Janet Holliday, garrison commander.  “However for those of us at Carlisle Barracks the tree is a symbol of community.”

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC Commandant echoed Holliday’s remarks about community.

“The holidays remind me of the ‘five fs’,” said Martin.  “Faith, family, fitness, friends and a whole lot of fun.  The holiday season gives us a chance to celebrate together and give thanks for our blessings.”

After the tree was lit, the assembled crowd sang carols, visited with Santa and Mrs. Claus, and took carriage rides around the post. 



Megan Arnold visits with Santa Claus following the tree lighting ceremony.


Free advance screening of “The Fighter”

On Saturday Dec. 11, the Carlisle Barracks Theater will be holding a free advance screening of “The Fighter” staring Mark Wahlberg and Christian Bale. 

Ticket vouchers can be picked up at all AAFES locations on post.  Civilians are welcome.

Doors will open at 7 p.m.

“The Fighter” chronicles the life story of boxer “Irish” Mickey Ward (Wahlberg) and his trainer and brother Dick Eklund (Bale), from their early days on the rough streets of Lowell, Massachusetts through Eklund’s battle with drugs and Ward’s eventual world championship in London.

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
‘Still-serving’ alumni honored during USAWC birthday celebration


Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, Army War College commandant, hands retired Gen. Gordon R. Sullivan his distinguished alumni award during a ceremony Dec. 2 in Bliss Hall. Other honorees were retired Gen. Donn A. Starry, and Dr. Lewis (Bob) Sorley. Photo by Megan Clugh.   

You can view a video of the ceremony.

Dec. 2, 2010 – A former Chief of Staff of the Army, a former TRADOC commander and a world-renowned author were honored for long-term influence and leadership for the military during a celebration of former, current and future strategic leaders Dec. 2 at the Army War College.

Retired Gen. Gordon R. Sullivan, Class of 1978, retired Gen. Donn A. Starry, Class of 1966, and Dr. Lewis (Bob) Sorley, Class of 1973, received outstanding alumni awards from Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC commandant, during the celebration of the 109th birthday of the Army War College.

 “You have made our nation better,” said Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC commandant. “You have provided us with incredible examples of the power of service, wisdom and strength.  This honor is but a small way to say thanks to you, and your families and friends. We are proud to share the title ‘U.S. Army War College Alum.’”

The Army War College mission is to develop strategic leaders for a lifetime and these three were selected for exemplifying the USAWC spirit.

 “Follow in the footstep of these three great leaders that are here before you today,” Martin said to the students and faculty. “These men have made a huge difference both in and out of uniform. Find your individual passion and go for it for your lifetime. I want each of you to know how much the nation needs your leadership, your wisdom and your strength to solve the many wicked problems we face both now and in the decades ahead. Make the most of every day you have here.”

Sullivan, former Chief of Staff of the Army, heads the Association of the U.S. Army which under his guidance has transformed into a dynamic organization that represents and advocates for Soldiers and their families. 

Starry, a former Commanding General of the Training and Doctrine Command, has directed a number of private corporations that have worked to develop new command and control systems for the military and NASA.

Sorley, who served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and on the Army Staff, has carried on the research and publications tradition of the college, winning numerous awards from military and private organizations for works like the Vietnam Chronicles and Honor Bright, the History and Origin of the West Point Honor Code and System.

Sullivan, Starry and Sorley pose for a group photo after the ceremony. Photo by Megan Clugh.


“This program is designed to provide a prestigious and visible means of honoring U.S. Army War College graduates who distinguished themselves through outstanding achievement to their community or country,” said retired Col. Ruth Collins, CEO, Army War College Foundation, Inc.

The awardees said they were honored and appreciated being back at the Army War College.

“Being here reinforces my feelings that there is hope ahead for us as long as it is in the hands of today’s young people,” said Starry, who donned his uniform for the first time in 23 years just for the event. “There are good days ahead.”

“I appreciate deeply and understand the immense value of this great institution,” said Sullivan. “What you learn here and the relationships you form will open doors later on in your career. Thanks for your service; we are all extremely proud of you.”

Sullivan also took some time to thank military families.

“You all understand what it means to be in an era of persistent conflict,” he said. “I want to thank your families for their courage and sacrifice.”

Sorley quoted renowned retired Gen. Creighton Abrams when talking about the service of the students in the audience.

“Soldiers are not in the Army, they are the Army,” he said. “I know that in your service you are measuring up to the responsibilities placed upon you.” 

After the awards, students were shown a video highlighting the 109 years of the Army War College.


Awardees’ profiles

Retired Gen. Donn A. Starry, Class of 1966

  • Former Commanding General, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Readiness Command and Assistant Chief of Staff for Force Development
  • Executive with Ford Aerospace Corporation and BDM International where he oversaw the development of major command-control systems used by NASA and the Department of Defense  
  • Author of Mounted Combat in Vietnam, co-author of Camp Cold to Desert Storm, The History of US Armored Forces, and of more than a hundred articles for professional journals


Retired Gen. Gordon R. Sullivan, Class of 1978

  • FormerChief of Staff of the U.S. Army 1991-1995
  • Since 1998, he has headed the Association of the U.S. Army, promoting programs for Soldiers and their families, creating opportunities for professional dialogue with industry, and advocating public awareness of Army and national security issues through educational and outreach programs.
  • In 1997, he founded the Marshall Legacy Institute that has instituted programs that help solve real world problems, such as the humanitarian dangers and destabilizing effects of landmines in a dozen war-torn countries. 


Dr. Lewis (Bob) Sorley, Class of 1973

  • Served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and on the Army Staff. After retirement from active military service he served as a civilian official of the Central Intelligence Agency and completed his doctoral studies in Philosophy at Johns Hopkins University. 
  • Authored Honorable Warrior: General Harold K. Johnson and the Ethics of Command that received the Army Historical Foundation’s Distinguished Book Award.
  • Author of Honor Bright, the History and Origin of the West Point Honor Code and System, used at West Point for the education of all concerning the honor system there,


Army War College history

    Established from the principles learned in the Spanish-American War, the college was founded by Secretary of War Elihu Root, and formally established by General Order 155 on November 27, 1901. Washington Barracks — now called Fort McNair — in Washington, D.C. was chosen as the site.

    The first president of the Army War College was Gen. Tasker H. Bliss and the first students attended the College in 1904. The College remained at Washington Barracks until 1940, when it was closed due to World War II. It reopened in 1950 at Fort Leavenworth, and moved one year later to its present location at Carlisle Barracks.

    At Carlisle, the Army War College grew steadily as it performed its mission of preparing officers for leadership at the highest levels. The college soon outgrew its main academic building (the current Upton Hall) and transferred to the newly constructed Root Hall in 1967. Two specialized agencies evolved into integral parts of the Army War College: the Strategic Studies Institute, first formed in 1954, and the Military History Institute, established in 1967.

   The Center for Strategic Leadership, a state-of-the-art war gaming complex that opened in 1994, contributed another unique dimension to the college and to Carlisle Barracks' history as a distinctive U.S. Army campus. Other organizations like the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute and the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute also contribute greatly to the students' experience.





Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office

CSL hosts Sustainability and Environmental Security Roundtable 


Dr. Jim Hartman, professor of sustainability at the Center for Strategic Leadership, leads a discussion during the Sustainability and Environmental Security Roundtable Nov. 16 in Collins Hall. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.



Nov. 16, 2010 -- The USAWC Center for Strategic Leadership was a center for collaboration among public and private-sector experts working the issues of sustainability and becoming more energy efficient and environmentally friendly during a workshop Nov. 16.


The Sustainability and Environmental Security Roundtable was held in Collins Hall, where participants shared best practices and initiatives from their respective organizations, and discussed how they may be applied to others. 


“These types of discussion are very important,” said Dr. Jim Hartman, professor of sustainability at CSL. “We all have different points of view on how to tackle these problems.”


Dr. Chris Boone from the School of Sustainability at Arizona State University, noted that they are one of the schools first in the country dedicated to exploring the principles of sustainability. They bring together multiple disciplines and leaders to create and share knowledge, train a new generation of scholars and practitioners, and develop practical solutions to some of the most pressing environmental, economic, and social challenges of sustainability, especially as they relate to urban areas.


Other presentations were made by representatives from the Army Environmental Policy Institute, the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S Military Academy at West Point.  Attendees of the roundtable included Hon. Katherine Hammack, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and the Environment, Col. Norberto Cintron, command engineer, U.S. Southern Command and Erika Herz, who manages the sustainability programs at the Darden Graduate School of Business at the University of Virginia.

Erin O. Stattel and Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
USAWC students travel to Big Apple to tackle strategic issues


Army War College students hear from Amb. Claude Heller, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations, during the United Nations Forum. During the four-day academic trip, students learned first-hand from leaders of local government, national and international organizations and academic institutions what issues and challenges they face. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.

Nov. 22, 2010 -- Army War College students traveled to the “capital of the world,” New York City, to learn leadership lessons and the challenges faced by local, national and international government and private organizations.

For the four-day academic visit, students split into 30 groups and met with organizations like Time Inc, NBC News, Forbes, Columbia University, the New York Police Department, Federal Emergency Management Agency  and Department of Human Services to discuss strategic issues.

“The New York City academic trip is an integral part of the Army War College resident educational experience and accomplishes several learning objectives,” said Dr. Jim Helis, chairman of the Department of National Security and Strategy. “It is a unique opportunity to expose students to large and complex public and private enterprises with the objective of examining local, national, regional and international issues within the dynamic urban environment of America's premier city and the world's financial capital.”   

Seeing the lessons in action and how to apply them in their own careers is one of the focal points of the trip.  

“The learning occurs there in New York, but part of the experience also occurs here when they share their experiences with the rest of their seminars.  We really want them to take advantage of what strategic opportunities there are out there and capitalize on the opportunity to speak with civilian leaders on behalf of the military,” said Helis.

Students met with Linda Mason, CBS Senior Vice President, Standards and Special Projects. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.

Small Group Visits

During the CBS visit, students learned about how decisions are made on what stories make the nightly news and how stories are developed for programs like 60 Minutes.

“These trips provide a great insight into how these organizations look at issues strategically and plan for the future,” said student Air Force Lt. Col. David Rodriguez, who visited CBS.

“I find it amazing how they go from 5,000 possible stories in the morning to the 16 for the evening broadcast while making sure that they remain neutral and relevant to the public,” said  Wen-Chi Huang, International Fellow from Taiwan. “It’s very similar to how we in the military have to take a look at all of the possible issues and conflicts and respond to them, you need to have a strategic plan.”

Brian Dorfler, vice president of human relations for media technology and operations at NBC Universal, briefed students on some of the strategic issues NBC faces when hiring and scouting talent.

“I think the military is a great source of talent, obviously I am biased,” laughed the former Dickinson College ROTC graduate. Dorfler presented small group members with information on the NBC Universal Veterans Network.

“We employ not just veterans, but family members and military supporters as well,” Dorfler said.

NBC Universal has worked with military head hunter Bradley-Morris to create a strategic approach to what makes a veteran successful for the company, Dorfler said. The company is also working with entities such as Student Veterans of America to groom student interns as potential hires in the long run.

 “Discussing these strategic issues it is clear to see that they definitely apply to both war fighting and in the business world,” said New Zealand Col. John Howard, International Fellow. “There are a lot of similarities between the two, despite the differences in our uniforms. What has been briefed here today has been very interesting and the people, who have briefed us, have served their country. The patriotism felt here is certainly etched in the DNA of the country.”

 “The differences between the two cultures, business and military, are not all that wide,” said Navy Cmdr. Corry Juedeman. “I liked the point made in the presentation, that the media is all about the individual and a mentality of ‘me, me, me’ and ‘fighting the man,’ but the military is all about ‘the man’ and doing what you are told.”

USAWC students used the subway and other forms of transportation during the visit, giving them the full New York City experience. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.


 “It is fascinating to see the parallels between the military and civilian businesses, but they deal with a lot of the same issues with personalities and developing strategies,” said Dawn Leach, whose husband, Air Force Col. Harry Leach, led the group.

The group was treated to a tour of 30 Rock and saw the Saturday Night Live set, as well as the set which houses Nightly News with Brian Williams, who sat down with the group alongside Steve Capus, president of NBC News.

United Nations Forum

There was also a United Nations Forum held during the trip, where students heard from Amb. B. Lynn Pascoe, UN Undersecretary General for Political Affairs, and Amb. Claude Heller, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations.   

Pascoe spoke about the Sudan vote for independence and the challenges facing the region and Heller spoke about the makeup of the United Nations and whether or not the right countries are serving on the UN Security Council.

“The world is changing and it’s hard because no one wants to give up power, so it’s harder to find a consensus,” said student Col. Shirley Lancaster. “I enjoyed the discussion on the permanent members of the Security Council and it makes me wonder if the five members are the right ones.”

Further insights to the UN and international issues were brought up during visits to the UN missions of USAWC International Fellows.

“It was very interesting to see the issues faced by a smaller nation like Georgia, when the aggressor is much larger like Russia” said Col. Lance Davis, who visited the Georgian Mission. “We learned about the diplomatic challenges their government faces and how to make sure their voice is heard. Coming from a large nation you don’t always think about how important or hard that can be.” 


One of the NYC trip small groups visited NBC Universal at Rockefeller Plaza and were briefed by two former military officers who now call NBC home. Strategic planning for a large media company such as NBC Universal, draws distinct parallels to strategic planning within the military. Photo by Erin O. Stattel.



Urban Affairs Forum

Students also got some insights into the challenges of running a city the size of New York during an Urban Affairs Forum from speakers Robert Johnson, District Attorney of Bronx County and John Mollenkopf, Professor of Political Science and Sociology at the Graduate Center of the City University.

"We saw a dynamic urban environment and how they operate and face similar challenges to the military,” said student John Plifka, who also visited the New York City Commission on Human Rights and the New York Office of Management and Budget. “We had an opportunity to see issues through a different lens.  This is a great investment in future strategic leaders.”            

Public Affairs staff report
Collins Hall hosts Homeland Security Conference

Dr. Paul N. Stockton, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs, provided the keynote address for the Homeland Defense and Security Symposium, held Nov. 17-18 here.

Nov. 29, 2010 -- On Nov. 17 and  18 the Center for Strategic Leadership was joined by its partners in the Consortium for Homeland Defense and Security in America in hosting the 5th annual Homeland Defense and Security Symposium at Carlisle Barracks. 

This year the consortium--consisting of CSL, George Washington University’s Homeland Security Policy Institute (HSPI), the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and the Heritage Foundation—brought together subject matter experts from across the globe to present a series of panel presentations entitled “Layered Defense, Ready Response.”

More than 200 Homeland Defense and Security “stakeholders” from the United States, Europe and other countries, representing federal, state and local government, the military, private sector, and academia, attended the event.

“Many of those attending were subject matter experts in their own right, and were both attentive and analytical in their reception of the presentations offered,” said Professor Bert Tussing, director of the  Homeland Defense and Security Issues Group, who organized the event. “In occasionally challenging the direction of government in preparing for and responding to threats, the participants were challenged themselves in contributing to solutions rather than just waiting for them to appear.”

The keynote address by Dr. Paul N. Stockton, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs, set the tone for the conference early, outlining cooperative initiatives underway between federal, state and local governments in preparing for and responding to disasters; and challenging participants to explore new venues for achieving unity of effort in those endeavors.

The focus was carried forward by the first panel of the symposium, moderated by Tussing. Michael McDaniels, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Michael Byrne of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and Dr. Christopher Bellavita of the Naval Postgraduate School’s Center for Homeland Defense and Security offered insights toward achieving integration of both civil and military components of intergovernmental efforts in securing and defending the homeland. 

The second panel moved to some of the particular homeland security concerns encountered in today’s maritime environment, examining security measures in both our ports and waterways.  Joining Rick Nelson of the Center for Strategic and International Studies were two Army War College alumni: Coast Guard Rear Admiral Tom Atkins, and Gary Rasicot, Director of the Global Maritime Operational Threat Response Coordination Center.

An international component was introduced with the third panel’s focus on lessons learned in combating violent extremism.  Mr. Frank Cilluffo of GWU’s Homeland Security Policy Institute led discussion of both domestic and international concerns surrounding the issue, joined by Dr. Nadav Morag of CHDS, Brett Lovegrove, the former Head of Counterterrorism, City of London Police, Arif Alikhan of the National Defense University, and  Timothy Curry, Senior Policy Advisor on Counterterrorism, Department of Homeland Security.

The final panel presentation, devoted to a call for building a National Preparedness Framework to accompany the existing National Response Framework, was headed by Jena Baker McNeill of the Heritage Foundation.  Joining McNeill on the panel were Lt. Ron Levell of the Seattle Police Department and a member of the Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee, Kirstjen Nielsen, former Special Assistant Prevention, Preparedness and Response to President George W. Bush, and Barbara Cross, County Commissioner of Cumberland County.

In addition to the panels, participants at the forum were treated to a presentation by Maj. Gen. Yair Golan, General Officer in Command of the Israeli Defense Force Homefront Command (HFC).  Golan, a 1997 USAWC graduate, shared the perspectives of the HFC in coordinating civil and military emergency services in times of war. Born out of necessity following the Iraqi Scud missile attacks against Israel in the first Gulf War, the HFC is dedicated to protecting the civilian population from those kinds of attacks, as well as the possibility of a non-conventional war.

In closing comments, Tussing reminded the assembly to be restrained in their expectations of the government, just as they should occasionally remind government to be restrained in its own.  He suggested that the federal government’s role should be more towards providing “templates than mandates,” in a homeland security enterprise that includes government and non-governmental organizations, the private sector, and the individual citizen.

More information on the conference, as well as audio and video recordings of the conference, may be found at  or at


Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

PKSOI hosts Transitions conference

Retired Amb. John E. Herbst, the director for the Center for Complex Operations, National Defense University, gives the keynote speech during the opening of the PKSOI “Transitions: Issues, challenges and solutions,” held at Carlisle Barracks. Photo by: Elizabeth Poster


For three days in mid-November policy makers, academics and military leaders came to Carlisle Barracks to participate in the Peacekeeping & Stability Operations Institute’s “Transitions: Issues, Challenges and Solutions”  conference.

The conference, which took place from Nov. 16-18, brought together leaders in academia, government and the military from all over the world to discuss, explore and understand how transition governments play a crucial part during recovery from crisis and conflict.

“Transition is no easy task,” said Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, Army War College Commandant.  “After the United States Civil War, this nation underwent a civilian-led reconstruction process that lasted 12 years.  Our Army’s leaders have always understood that transition is a civil-military function, and in the final analysis a civil function.”

One of the key themes of the conference was the need for civil and military leaders to plan how to effectively transition from a military campaign to a civil campaign.

“The lack of prior planning is the biggest problem we face when we transition from military to civil operations,” said retired Amb. John E. Herbst, who currently serves as the director for the Center for Complex Operations at the National Defense University.

“As the plans for transition are formulated there is ‘Pollyannaish’ mindset, that sets up unrealistic expectations and sets us up for failure,” said Herbst. 

“We tend to view transitions through a U.S. lens.  We want to apply an American solution to different areas of the world, where sometimes it just doesn’t fit,” said retired Gen. David McKiernan.  “Instead we should be looking at the situation through a regional lens.”

 “Transitions must be planned before you intervene,” said McKiernan.  “We tend to put our planning efforts into what are we going to do to militarily intervene, as opposed to what we are going to do after major combat operations are over,”

Another theme of the conference was that civil planning is not effectively done because military and civilian operators do not usually plan together.

 “We must dispense with planning in stages, first military then civilian,” said Herbst.  “We should arrive with plans to deal with civilian operations from day one.” 

“Civilian-military plans must have a recognized place in our operations,” said Herbst.  “A rigorous and respected civilian planning process can explain to the leadership the recourses and commitment needed to establish an American style democracy in Iraq or woman’s rights in Afghanistan, because those things do not come naturally to those cultures” 

“When you go into a place you should have clear objectives, which you know you have the recourses to meet.  If you don’t then don’t go,” said McKiernan.

Dr. Rich Yarger, the security sector reform ministry reform analyst for PKSOI, echoed Herbst and McKiernan when he said that while Americans have historically conducted military operations well, they have for the most part, failed in transitioning to civil operations.  Yarger said this was because we are, “strategically confused as to what our goal is in the operation.”

According to Yarger, even though we don’t want to admit it, the goal in civil transitions is, ‘state building.’  “The fundamental failure of civil-military planning is not understanding the concept of ‘state building,’’

“Failed states are the biggest threat to global stability in the world,” said Yarger.

While planning is important in successfully conducting transition operations, there must also be people available to implement the plans.

“The greatest obstruction to progress in Afghanistan today is the lack of human capital,” said McKiernan.  “The lack of people that can go in after tactical level operations have been conducted and bring in a sense of civil order, of administration, of economic hope and education into those areas.”

“At some point following major combat operations, you have to do something with the population you are working in, and you have do something with the key terrain, which might be religious structures or oil facilities,” said McKiernan.

McKiernan, who led the coalition and U.S. conventional ground forces that removed Saddam Hussein from power, reminded the conference members what can happen when a plan for transitioning to civil operations isn’t properly thought through.

“In April 2003, the Iraqi people saw us as liberators,” said McKiernan.   “They were happy Saddam Hussein was gone. By the fall we had gone from liberators to occupiers.  We now had the seeds of an insurgency, of Al Qaeda Iraq, of sectarian violence, of a chaotic situation across the country.  The window of opportunity closed because the transition was not properly thought through, not properly planned, not properly resourced and the question of who is in charge was not properly answered.”


Recognizing Veterans for their Service

   Nine officers and enlisted Soldiers from the U.S. Army War College
and DUNHAM Army Medical Clinic volunteered their time to make a difference at the annual Carlisle Elks Club Dinner for Veterans, Thursday, Nov. 18. 
  The annual dinner recognizes Veterans from the Claremont Nursing and Rehabilitation Center and Lebanon VA Medical Center for their service to our nation.
Photo by Suzanne M. Reynolds

Ann Marie Wolf, Army Substance Abuse Office
How to stay safe this holiday season


Once again the holiday season soon will be approaching us. The Holiday season generally means more parties, which raises the potential to drink.  Driving defensively means not only taking responsibility for yourself and your actions but also keeping an eye on "the other guy." If you plan to drink, designate a driver who won't drink. Alcohol is a factor in almost half of all fatal motor vehicle crashes. 

If you are a host for a party, here are some things you can do  to promote   responsible drinking at a social function:

Provide plenty of non-alcoholic beverages.

Do not pressure guests to drink.

Serve food to slow the rate of absorption of alcohol.

Stop serving alcohol at least one hour before the party is over.

If guests drink too much, call a cab or arrange a ride with a sober driver.

Having a FUN holiday is having a SAFE Holiday.

Impaired Driving

Drinking alcohol and driving is a dangerous combination. Take steps to prevent impaired driving and protect yourself, your passengers, and others on the road.

The Reality

Alcohol-impaired driving endangers the health and lives of drinking drivers, their passengers, and others on the road. You may not have realized that:

  • Every day, 32 people in the United States die in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver. This amounts to one death every 45 minutes.
  •  One in 3 fatal motor-vehicle crashes involves an alcohol-impaired driver.
  • Alcohol-impaired driving takes an especially high toll on young people. One of every three drivers ages 21-24 who was killed in a motor vehicle crash in 2008 had a blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 (which is the illegal limit) or above.

Thankfully, there are steps individuals and communities can take to make injuries and deaths from impaired driving less of a threat.

The more alcohol you consume, the more impaired you become. Learn how your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) affects your ability to drive  [PDF - 46 KB].


Plan Ahead

Whenever your social plans involve alcohol, make plans so that you don’t have to drive after drinking. For example:

  • Prior to any drinking, designate a non-drinking driver when with a group.
  • Don’t let your friends drive impaired. Take their keys away.
  • If you have been drinking, get a ride home or call a taxi.
  • If you’re hosting a party where alcohol will be served, remind your guests to plan ahead and designate their sober driver; offer alcohol-free beverages; and make sure all guests leave with a sober driver.


Protective Programs

When it comes to steps society can take to reduce impaired driving, sobriety checkpoints and ignition interlocks have been proven effective:

  • Sobriety checkpointsare traffic stops where law enforcement officers assess drivers’ level of alcohol impairment. These checkpoints consistently reduce alcohol-related crashes, typically by 20%.
  • Ignition interlocksare devices that are installed in the vehicles of people who have been convicted of driving while impaired. They prevent operation of the vehicle by anyone with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above a specified safe level (usually 0.02% – 0.04%). When installed, interlocks are associated with about a 70% reduction in arrest rates for impaired driving.


Preventing Excessive Alcohol Consumption


Excessive alcohol consumption is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States and is a risk factor for many health and societal problems. Among adults, it can take the form of heavy drinking, binge drinking, or both.

  • Heavy drinking is defined as more than two drinks per day on average for men or more than one drink per day on average for women.
  • Binge drinking is defined as five or more drinks during a single occasion for men or four or more drinks during a single occasion for women.

Underage drinking can also be considered a form of excessive drinking because it is both illegal and often involves consumption in quantities and settings that can lead to serious immediate and long-term consequences.

  • Approximately 5% of the total population drinks heavily and 15% of the population engages in binge drinking (CDC). 
  • People aged 12 to 20 years drink 11% of all alcohol consumed in the United States. More than 90% of this alcohol is consumed in the form of binge drinks (OJJDP).


The Designated Driver Program on Carlisle Barracks: “You Drink – You Drive – You Lose”. LVCC and The Strike Zone support the Designated Driver Program.


  • A designated driver is a person in a group of two or more drinking adults who agrees not to drink any alcoholic beverages and to safely transport the other group member’s home.
  • If it is a large group, more than one Designated Driver may be needed.
  • Designated Drivers should not drink any alcoholic beverages and are therefore never the person least drunk.
  • Designated Drivers are also important if someone is taking medication that makes them drowsy or otherwise impaired.



 LVCC - inform the bar tender that you are the designated driver and you will receive FREE non-alcoholic soft drinks or water throughout the event. They will give you a sticker that will identify you as such. (Wear it proudly).


STRIKE ZONE BOWLING CENTER – inform the staff that you are the designated driver and you will receive FREEnon-alcoholic soft drinks or water throughout the event. You will receive a sticker that will identify you as such. (Wear it proudly).


Additional information, contact the Army Substance Abuse Office at 245-4576.



Lunch n Learn Presentation

Friday, Dec. 10, 11:3 a.m. to 1 p.m. at the Education Center Training Room, Bldg. 632

Pre-registration required by calling 245-4576.


  • “Responsible Drinking” – This class will challenge common beliefs and attitudes that directly contribute to high risk alcohol abuse, physical tolerance vs mental tolerance.  We will discuss how our choices can protect or harm the things that we love and value.


Presented by the Army Substance Abuse Office

D6 AFAP Update: Progress on behavioral health service, TBI care


When I became the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management a year ago, I undertook an important responsibility: overseeing the Army Family Action Plan process.  This successful, long-running program enables Soldiers, Civilians and Family members to communicate with Army leaders about issues affecting their quality of life.


When I assumed responsibility for the AFAP process, I made a commitment to ensure all recommendations are thoroughly analyzed to determine if they are achievable.  I also promised to regularly check on and communicate about our progress.  Following up on the issues that are so important to the members of the Army community gives momentum to the AFAP process and reinforces the promises made in the Army Family Covenant.


One of those promises is to improve Family readiness by increasing access to and quality of healthcare.  Through the AFAP process, the Army continues to make great strides in addressing a number of wellness and medical issues, including issue No. 648, which focuses on a shortage of behavioral health services.  As a result of innovative and aggressive recruitment efforts, the Army had on board more than 3,900 behavioral health providers, including psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses and social workers, as of June 30.  This was an increase of almost 400 health professionals more than the previous quarter, to provide the services Army community members need for treatment and recovery.


In addition, the Army’s Medical Command has established a new Tele-Health Division, which provides behavioral health services such as tele-psychiatry, tele-psychology, medical evaluation boards, mental status evaluations, tele-neuropsychology, and a school-based mental health program.  These real-time services are provided via video-conferencing through a network of 53 active sites across five Regional Medical Commands. 


Tele-behavioral health services are also provided to deployed Soldiers and Civilians through email exchanges in the AKO tele-consultations service.  To date, the Army has provided more than 7,000 consultations in 41 countries and in 39 specialties, including behavioral health, through this service.  This expanding array of tele-health services gives Soldiers, Civilians and Family members greater access to behavioral healthcare even in geographically dispersed areas and greater continuity of care when they relocate.


The Army is also making marked progress in addressing AFAP issue No. 610, which calls for the establishment of comprehensive, integrated rehabilitation programs for traumatic brain injury patients at military medical centers.  To date, traumatic brain injury programs at 37 facilities have achieved full validation, programs at 10 have achieved initial validation, and 7 other facilities are in the process of being validated.  Programs at four Reserve and National Guard projection platforms, Fort Shelby, Fort McCoy, Camp Atterbury and Joint Base Mcguire-Dix-Lakehurst, have been validated, to better care for our Reserve and Guard Soldiers.


The AFAP General Officer Steering Committee (GOSC), composed of Department of Defense officials, Army leaders, and field representatives, determines the status of Army-wide AFAP issues.  At the last meeting, held June 30, the GOSC resolved 27 of 40 quality-of-life issues and directed continued action on the issues mentioned above, as well as other issues of vital concern to Army community members.


The next GOSC will be held Feb. 1, 2011 in Washington, D.C.  I will continue to hold review sessions in which Army staff experts report on the progress on their issues and I will keep you informed along the way, through updates such as this.  You can also check on the progress of AFAP issues at any time by visiting the Army OneSource website at, going to the Family Program and Services menu, and selecting the AFAP Active Issue Search feature.  There you can enter an issue number to see a specific issue or enter keywords to find related active issues.  You can also search by subject, demographic group or geographic area.


AFAP is a crucial tool for Army community members and leaders to communicate and work together to improve the well-being and quality of life for us all.  About 90 percent of issues are resolved at the local level, while the rest are elevated to higher levels.  However, regardless of the level at which they are worked, all issues begin at the community level.  Every issue is raised by a community member who has taken the time and effort to identify an issue and set about making a change for the better.


I encourage you to learn more about the AFAP process and follow the progress on issues that are currently being worked.  Even more important, become involved in AFAP forums in your own community.  When you see something that can be made better, take action. Become part of the solution for improving the quality of life for your fellow Soldiers, Civilians and Family members. 

Leaders can pave way for openly gay troops, General says

By Lisa Daniel, American Forces Press Service


WASHINGTON, Nov. 30, 2010 - A change in the law that bans gay men and lesbians from serving openly in the military can be implemented without irreparable harm, the co-chair of a Pentagon working group that studied the matter said yesterday.


"It's my belief, having now looked this matter extensively over nine months, that the leaders of our services -- all services, all components -- are so good today, so experienced today, that they can effectively implement this change, maintain unit cohesion, and a strong focus on mission accomplishment," Army Gen. Carter F. Ham, commanding general of U.S. Army Europe, said.


Ham and Jeh C. Johnson, the Defense Department's general counsel and the working group's other co-chair, discussed their findings in an interview with the Pentagon Channel and American Forces Press Service.


Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates appointed Ham and Johnson early this year to lead the group to determine the effects on the military if the law is changed to allow gays to serve openly. Ham and Johnson made their findings public today, as well as their report, which assesses the matter and gives recommendations for moving forward.


A majority -- about 55 percent -- of respondents to a survey sent to 400,000 servicemembers in the active and reserve components said allowing gays to serve openly would have either no effect or a balance of positive and negative effects on the military, and between 15 and 20 percent said such a change would have only positive effects.


About 30 percent of respondents said overturning the law would have a mostly negative impact, and those respondents mostly were part of the warfighting specialties, Ham said.


Results showed slight trends in differences among members of each service, Ham said, adding that he was surprised the feedback showed few trends among age groups.


The issue has come under increasing scrutiny as a lawsuit challenging the 17-year-old law worked its way through the federal courts this year, and is scheduled to be heard by a federal appeals court in the spring. Congress has before it a bill that would repeal the law, but it is unclear yet whether they will vote on it before the session ends Dec. 30 and a new Congress takes over in January.


Meanwhile, President Barack Obama, Gates, and Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, have said they support congressional repeal of the law.


One focus of the debate is whether allowing gays to serve openly would be detrimental to military cohesion.


"Any time a policy change of this order is considered, we know there are inherent risks," Ham said. "In my view, the greatest risk comes if repeal is ordered and we imperfectly apply the changes that are needed."


Those risks must receive special scrutiny in a forward-deployed area, Ham said, but strong leadership can mitigate risks. "Leadership is so key in the implementation phase," he said.


Ham and Johnson recommended changes they believe the services should start making or thinking about making if the law is overturned.


"For those of us in uniform, we should take this time we have now to think about repeal, and be prepared for repeal should it come," Ham said. The general cautioned, however, that all military members must uphold the law that is in place.


"A key point for all us in uniform to remember as we think about Don't Ask Don't Tell is that the current law is in effect, and all us in uniform have sworn an oath to uphold the law," he said.


If the law is overturned, they said, the services will need to increase costs in training and education, but should not incur the high cost of creating separate facilities, as has been discussed.


"We strongly recommend against establishing separate facilities," Ham said. "We think that is the wrong direction for the Department of Defense."


The biggest impact for transitioning the military to accepting openly gay servicemembers, they said, will be in the area of benefits.


"We recommend the services closely analyze the costs of extending certain benefits once the secretary of defense and Congress make decisions about which, if any, of the benefits proposals we make are adopted," Ham said.


Benefits for same-sex partners of servicemembers "is an issue we spent a lot of time on," Johnson said. "It's a complex issue. In and of itself, it could absorb a working group for months."


The services should look at three categories of benefits, Johnson said. Some that are "member designated," such as life insurance, already can be given to a same-sex partner or anyone the servicemember chooses, he said. The services should consider whether other benefits can be reclassified as "member designated," he said.


Some benefits cannot be extended to same-sex partners because of the federal Defense of Marriage Act, which trumps all state laws, Johnson noted.


Johnson said Congress should change the Uniform Code of Military Justice to remove language forbidding consensual sodomy. The change should be made regardless of whether the Don't Ask, Don't Tell law is overturned to put the UCMJ in agreement with a seven-year-old Supreme Court decision, he said.


The report further recommends that all servicemembers who were discharged under Don't Ask, Don't Tell should be permitted to re-enlist. "The fact that they were separated pursuant to this law should be set aside as irrelevant," Johnson said.


Under the current legislation before Congress, repeal would become effective only after the president, secretary of defense and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff certify in writing that new Defense Department regulations and policies are consistent with unit cohesion, retention and recruitment, Johnson said.


"If they pass the legislation, we immediately go into this time where we create new policies and regulations, then deliver it to Congress," he said. There is no limit on how much time the administration can take in delivering its plans. If Congress approves them, it would take 60 days to officially remove Don't Ask, Don't Tell, he said.