Banner Archive for October 2010

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

USAWC student to judge ‘The Next Iron Chef’

Napoleon said, “An Army marches on its stomach.” No one knows this more than the Army War College student who will use his experience to judge ‘the Next Iron Chef’ on the Food Network, Sunday, Oct. 31 at 9 p.m.

Before arriving at the Army War College, Lt. Col. Robert Barnes was the Director of the Joint Culinary Center of Excellence at Fort Lee, VA.  As director he was responsible for not only training all entry-level personnel in all of the military services the entire scope of the Army Food Program.  The center also provides advanced food service training for both enlisted and officer military personnel.  

This program ranges from developing dining hall menus, to enforcing food safety standards across Army dining facilities, and teaching the military cooks how to cook to standard.  The center also trains the military’s top chefs, enlisted aides, as well as enlisted personnel and officers who are involved in the transportation of food products.

While director the U.S. Army Culinary Arts Teams placed second overall for military teams at the International Culinary Arts Completion in Germany in 2008.  Barnes has appeared on several different food television shows.




Red Ribbon Week Oct. 24-30

What is it?

The Assistant Secretary of Defense has designated Oct. 24-30, 2010 as Red Ribbon Week in support of substance abuse education and prevention activities in the military. This year's theme is "I am Drug Free."

What has the Army done?

Each year the military services promote Red Ribbon Week activities to support efforts to keep servicemembers and their families drug-free. The DoD and Army have developed a number of educational programs to raise awareness of substance abuse and disorders. For example, the Army Substance Abuse Program's Warrior Pride Campaign is a prevention campaign that focuses on the incompatibility of substance abuse with Army Values and the Warrior Ethos.

DoD's "Quit Tobacco. Make Everyone Proud" tobacco cessation campaign is available to Soldiers and retirees, their families, Army civilians and contractors online. Users can log-on to develop a personalized quitting plan, play games and chat on-line with a cessation counselor. As well, many Army medical treatment facilities offer tobacco cessation programs.

The "That Guy" social marketing campaign targets 18-24 year old service members and features the embarrassing social consequences of alcohol abuse. Check out the interactive website at That Guy.

Why is it important to the Army?

Red Ribbon Week raises awareness and mobilizes communities to combat tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. Army Medical Command officials urge beneficiaries dealing with substance abuse to take advantage of the many available options to prevent and treat substance abuse and disorders.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

The U.S. Army Public Health Command (Provisional) has a free, new tobacco cessation program titled 2BNICFREE for Soldiers and their Families. 2BNICFREE will augment local efforts by providing online tobacco cessation classes taught by certified cessation educators. Participants may access the course at any location using the internet. 2BNICFREE will be launched in November 2010. Watch for updates regarding the program at United States Public Health Command (Provisional)

Schedule of Events:

 Monday, Oct. 25

  • Guards will hand out Red Ribbons at gates in the morning while supplies last.
  • Official Kickoff ceremony with Garrison Commander and McGruff.  Program to be held at the Youth Center at 1630. Refreshments to follow – join us.

Tuesday, Oct. 26

  • McGruff and ASAP staff to visit children at CDC at 0900.

Wednesday, Oct. 27

  • Lunch and Learn presentation by Cumberland/Perry County Drug & Alcohol and ASAP staff. Topic: “Spice the Synthetic Marijuana”. Presentation will be held at 1130, Anne Ely Hall, room 106. Bring your lunch and join us.

Thursday, 28 October

  • Halloween parade on Indian Field to begin at 5 p.m. Line up from 4:30 to 4:55 p.m.
  • Poster contest prizes awarded
  • McGruff will be present from 4:30 – 6 p.m.
  • Halloween Party at LVCC, 7-10 p.m., for grades 6 – 12.


During the week of Oct. 23 – 31 the following organizations will be offering a special promotion for all individuals wearing a Red Ribbon:

  • Bowling Center – a free small soft drink with the purchase of a food item
  • Golf Course - $2.00 off an electric cart rental during a round of golf
  • Skill Development Center – free self-help in the framing area and auto shop
  • ITR/ODR – enter to win a MWR Bus Trip w/purchase at ITR or ODR. Good for one seat on any MWR Bus Day Trip. Value NTE $20.00

For additional information contact the Army Substance Abuse Prevention Office at 245-4576.


"Make Everyone Proud" Smoking Cessation Campaign

Army Substance Abuse Program (includes Warrior Pride)

Drug Abuse Education TRICARE Management Activity

Drug Abuse Treatment TRICARE Management Activity

Drug Abuse Prevention month on DoD website

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Aguilar brings unique perspective to USAWC

Karen Aguilar, a visiting Professor of International Relations at the Army War College, thanks those in the audience after being awarded the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Meritorious Civilian Service Award by Gen. James Mattis, Commander of U.S. Joint Forces Command. Aguilar was honored for her work while serving as the dual-hatted political advisor for Mattis at JFCOM and Gen.  Abrial at Allied Command Transformation Headquarters. Photo by Megan Clugh.


Oct. 25, 2010 –Karen Aguilar, now a visiting Professor of International Relations at the Army War College, was working at the U.S. Embassy in Mogadishu, Somalia when it came under siege from local militants taking advantage of civil unrest in 1991.  As they closed in on the embassy, one of the militants shot his gun into the air and made his intentions clear. Little did he know that a team of Marines and Navy Seals had arrived to evacuate the embassy.

"They told our perimeter guard to open up or we'll blow you away and then they looked up and saw the Marines on the roof with these really big guns and they said in Somali, 'Igaralli ahow,' which means, 'Excuse me, I didn't mean it, my mistake,'” she said.  “In the NEO that followed we lost everything we owned, but the euphoria of not being dead goes a long way to assuaging the loss of one's dishes and stereo.”

That event in her life forged an emotional bond between her and the Marines that continues and was highlighted during a recent award ceremony in the Center for Strategic Leadership.

Gen. James Mattis, Commander of U.S. Joint Forces Command, presented Aguilar, a Minister Counselor (a two-star-general equivalent) with the State Department, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Meritorious Civilian Service Award, during his recent visit here.

Aguilar was honored for her work while serving as the dual-hatted political advisor for Mattis at JFCOM and Gen.  Abrial at Allied Command Transformation Headquarters. She wore many hats in this role, including acting as a liaison  between the two organizations and helping to shape the COIN doctrine, Comprehensive Approach   andthe New Strategic Concept that will provide the strategic direction for the NATO  Alliance over the next decade.

“This was really the culmination of a lot of life experience,” she said of the award. “I’m very grateful that he took the time to recognize a non-military member. It was very touching.”

“I joined the Foreign Service and became a diplomat because the idea of service was deeply attractive to me but I did not consider the military to be a realistic option for women in those days and the idea of being a civil servant seemed a bit unadventurous,” she said. “The Foreign Service promised to be public service that was challenging, competitive and just a bit risky.” She was commissioned as a Foreign Service officer in 1980.

Her first adventure came at her first fulltime posting in Lagos Nigeria, where she experienced her first military coup and was unable to cross the borders for six months.  She was also trapped in the cross fire in Burkina Faso when the military HQ across the street from her Center was overrun by a military coup against another military dictator and had to negotiate the safe passage of her staff and patrons from the American Center. 

Aside from African assignments she was Liaison Officer at NATO HQ; Law Enforcement Counselor in Moscow; Acting Coordinator for Counterterrorism for the Department of State; Senior Interagency Strategy Team Leader at the new National Counterterrorism Center; and Director for Pakistan before taking up duties in Baghdad in 2008.  Her position in Iraq frequently required inspections of projects outside the green zone, including Anbar Province where her convoy was attacked by IED in May 2009 and two of her deputies killed along with a Naval reserve officer.

“She really brings a unique perspective to the discussions,” said USAWC student Lt. Col. Dusty O’Neill. “Being in the military you look at civilian-military relations from a certain perspective and she brings her perspective from her time as a Foreign Service Officer.”

“She brings to the seminar the diplomatic and State Department perspective that the military is not often exposed to,” said student Rick Folks, in Seminar 20. “She’s worked with the military enough that she understands and appreciates our perspective and can shape military viewpoints in an interagency environment.

“It helps at the strategic level to broaden our perspective and think about how the instruments of power interact at that level.”

Aguilar also credits Mattis for creating the opportunity for success for her while she served as the director of the Iraq Transition Office in Baghdad.

“Much of the work he and the Marines did in the Anbar province really set the conditions for success in capacity building and reconstruction,” she said.

“If he called tomorrow and asked me to serve with him anywhere I would say yes.”

To receive the award from Mattis was very emotional and special for her said the San Fernando, Ca, native.

“General Mattis is unparalleled in taking care of people,” she said. “He realizes that both civilian led assistance and international support  is very important in our current war efforts and the thought and energy he takes in supporting those of us joining him in the effort , whether US. Military, civilian or foreign coalition members, is incredible. He recognizes the importance of civilian-military and interagency relations.

Carlisle Barracks is Making a Difference

  Suzanne Reynolds, Public Affairs Office  

   The Carlisle Barracks community is participating at Project SHARE on Saturday, Oct. 23, to “Make a Difference”.

  Sixty volunteers to include military (active, retired and dependants) DA civilians, and groups such as ROCKS, BOSS, and Seminar 16, will either be picking apples, distributing food, sorting food and clothes, or making applesauce and cider.

  Everyone can make a difference year round.  Project SHARE and other non-profit organizations can always use volunteers.  To learn more about Project SHARE visit their website

  Make-a-Difference Day is the largest national day of helping others.  Last year over 3 million people cared enough about their communities to volunteer on that day, accomplishing thousands of projects in hundreds of towns across the United States.   Learn more about the national program at

   Together, We CAN Make a Difference!

Donna Miles, American Forces Press Service

Program Links Reservists, Guardsmen, Families to Jobs

  WASHINGTON, Oct. 21, 2010 – A program that links reserve and National Guard members, their families and veterans with civilian employers has reached a milestone, with more than 1,000 employers now signed on to hire qualified job-seekers.

The Employer Partnership of the Armed Forces, originally an Army Reserve initiative that has expanded militarywide, is growing by leaps and bounds as it helps both the military and civilian employers tap into the same talent pool, reported Lt. Gen. Jack C. Stultz, chief of the Army Reserve, who founded the program.

In one of the more promising new developments, the Army Reserve, which still manages the program, is working with the Ford Motor Co. and Chrysler Corp. to provide hybrid vehicle certification training and jobs to military mechanics, Stultz said.

“They are going to provide the hybrid training to our mechanics, because the Army doesn’t have that training,” he said. “So they will provide that training at their expense.”

In another innovative arrangement in the works, GE Healthcare, which manufactures MRI equipment and CT scanners, plans to hire military biomedical equipment specialists to maintain it, the general said.

Stultz said he has met twice with GE Healthcare corporate officer Mark Vachon to discuss the concept.

“I can recruit kids or take current soldiers I’ve got who want to get into that field,” he said. “Mike will take them and train them at his facility in Milwaukee and certify them.”

From there, he added, the trainee will move into one of about 300 high-demand jobs GE Healthcare opens each year around the country.

Stultz calls the partnership initiative a win-win situation for everyone involved. Reserve-component members get a leg up in a competitive job market. Employers who understand their military obligations guarantee interviews for qualified applicants, as well as priority placement for openings. In return, employers get to capitalize on the participants’ military training, while getting a quality worker many say is increasingly difficult to come by.

 Vachon at GE Healthcare told Stultz he’s impressed with the quality and integrity of employees he gets through the program.

 “I can take a soldier and I can trust that if that soldier goes to a hospital to take care of equipment, he is going to do his job,” Stultz said, quoting Vachon. “He understands what ‘mission first’ is all about.”

That’s the kind of feedback Stultz said he hears regularly from the 1,155 program partners: Fortune 500 companies such as Wal-Mart Stores Inc. and General Electric, as well as the Washington, D.C., police department, mom-and-pop companies and everything in between. “We are seeing more and more larger employers like General Electric, like Wal-Mart, coming on board and saying, ‘We want to be a part of that,’” he said.

 “The thing that’s exciting about this is the employers ‘get it,’” the general added. While headlines decry a failing American education system and the country’s inability to compete with the rest of the world, he said, employees recognize a special talent pool that has yet to be fully leveraged.

 “Employers of America see this as a new class of work force,” Stultz said. “That is what we are hearing from the employers. They talk about the quality, the integrity, the ethics.”

 INOVA Health Systems of Northern Virginia, which become one of the first formal members of what was then known as the Army Reserve Employer Partnership Initiative in April 2008, “has gone gangbusters with it,” Stultz said.

 The company initially joined the partnership to fill critical job shortages with reservists the Army trains in radiology, respiratory therapy and surgical specialties. But the experience proved so successful that INOVA branched out to create its own “Military to Medicine” program that provides a career pathway for veterans, military spouses and recovering wounded warriors.

 Company officials say they hope the specialized education, training and hiring programs provided through “Military to Medicine,” plus transferability options offered to spouses uprooted during military moves, help to attract qualified health care workers.

 "They are focused on veterans, reserve soldiers and spouses, and they are hiring them all,” Stultz said. “And they are quantifying success in terms of turnover, productivity and absenteeism, and they are saving millions of dollars.”

Program officials hope a new job-search application tool they plan to roll out next month will take the partnership program to the next level as it makes it easier for qualified job-seekers and employers to connect.

As the initiative continues to grow, Stultz said, he sees opportunities for the military and civilian employers to collaborate in other ways, such as in health care coverage.

He noted that the Army Reserve and private employers often overlap coverage as reservists get called to active duty, then demobilize. As a consequence, both end up paying more than necessary, and family members have to switch providers as they’re thrust from one system to another.

“There is a lot of efficiency to be had in terms of, ‘How do we partner with our employers out there in corporate America and share the cost together and save money?’” Stultz said. “Both of us can save money.”

National Cemetery Announces Training Program for Employees and Selection of Superintendent

The Secretary of the Army John McHugh announced today that the Army and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) have entered into a formal agreement that will allow Arlington National Cemetery (ANC) employees to enroll in the VA’s National Cemetery Administration (NCA) Training Center.  The Department of Veterans Affairs has operated the center since 2004, providing training and professional development to employees who manage and operate national cemeteries.

“While Arlington National Cemetery’s unique military mission sets us apart from other national cemeteries, we are committed to learning from and partnering with experts in cemetery administration to improve overall operations,” McHugh said.  “With 131 cemeteries nationwide, VA has tremendous experience in day-to-day cemetery operations, and we believe this unique professional development opportunity will help our employees develop the skills needed to better meet their mission.”

The Department of Veterans Affairs’ NCA Training Center emphasizes technical, supervisory and leadership training for employees ranging from supervisors and equipment operators, to groundskeepers and cemetery representatives.  The NCA also offers training to state veteran cemetery employees to assist them in meeting national shrine standards at their local facilities.

“Both VA and the Army share an obligation to honor all who have served and sacrificed for their country,” Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric K. Shinseki said.  “VA will continue to assist the Army and provide access to our expertise in cemetery operations and systems.”

McHugh also announced that Patrick Hallinan, the former director of field programs for VA’s NCA, has been selected as ANC’s superintendent.  Hallinan was named acting superintendent on June 10, 2010.  He was named permanently to the position on Oct. 10, 2010.

 “Pat Hallinan’s unique experience in national cemetery management, combined with his proven leadership and ability, made him the only choice possible for this important job,” McHugh said.  “I have every confidence in Pat and Executive Director Kathryn Condon to strengthen management and oversight, and restore America’s confidence in the operation of this most hallowed ground.”

For more information, contact Gary Tallman or Dave Foster, Army Public Affairs, 703-614-1742/5344; Kaitlin Horst, Arlington National Cemetery Public Affairs, 703-607-8576; or Katie Roberts, U.S. Dept. of Veteran’s Affairs, 202-527-2332.

Attn: parents -- want to learn more about 'Spice'?  

What is SPICE???????

An information session will be held Oct. 27, from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. in Anne Ely Hall room 106.

  • Mix of herbs, synthetic cannabinoids, and/or other ingredients that are intended to be used as aromatic incense (potpourri) or sometimes burning incense
  • Not “intended” for smoking
  • As governments/countries ban certain synthetic cannabinoids, manufacturers will substitute with another legal one or stop producing one product and introduce another

    The presentation will be held by the Cumberland/Perry County Drug & Alcohol Commission and the Army Substance Abuse Prevention Office. For additional information call 245-4576.

Maj. Steven Toth, voting assistance officer
FVAP update

I want to inform you of the problems some States have experienced in getting their absentee ballots to UOCAVA citizens.  You may have read press reports concerning these difficulties.  It is true that some jurisdiction have experienced delays in getting their ballots out.  The primary problem jurisdictions are New York City and a jurisdiction in southern Illinois.

These jurisdictions contain significant numbers of UOCAVA voters.  Beyond New York City and southern Illinois there are approximately 50 additional jurisdictions with late ballot delivery problems.  These additional jurisdictions represent  less than 0.6% of the voting jurisdictions in the U.S. and fewer than 1,000 UOCAVA voters.

Although our UOCAVA voters from these jurisdictions will receive their mailed ballots late, we need to remind them of the alternatives that are available for them to vote successfully.  Both New York and Illinois have the complete State ballot available for downloading from our website,<> .  The voter can click on his or her state and select "Get My Ballot Now" to begin the ballot download process.

Also available at<>  for all states is the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot that provides the citizen with the list of federal candidates on the ballot of that jurisdiction, allows the voter to choose their candidates, print out the ballot and mail it to their election office.  Voters from other jurisdictions who have not received their state absentee ballot should immediately check<> to determine the specific options available for their state.

Root Hall fire drills slated for Oct. 21, 27

On Oct. 21, 27 at 6 p.m.,  the Carlisle Barracks Fire Department will be conducting fire drills in Root Hall. During these fire drills, they will actually be running hoses and other fire apparatus through the building.


Article by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs, photos by Scott Finger

Family Fun at the Carlisle Barracks Oktoberfest

O’zapft is!  With the traditional tapping of the keg, Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC Commandant, officially opened the third annual Carlisle Oktoberfest. 

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin and Artie Tafoya of the Appalachian Brewing Company tap the first keg of the official brew for the class of 2011.



While this is the third year that Carlisle Barracks has held Oktoberfest, it is the first year that it was held at the Army Heritage and Education Center, where more public venue would attract more members of the Carlisle community.

 “We thought it would appeal to War College students, but there are community members, and we’re excited,” said Lt. Col. Janet Holliday, garrison commander.  “It’s a huge community event.”

 “This event is a great opportunity to foster the positive relations between Carlisle Barracks and the community,” said Chris Reitman, a member of the Family, Morale, Welfare and Recreation team.

 This year’s Oktoberfest was bigger than ever, with over 7,000 people celebrating Pennsylvania’s German heritage through German music, food and drink and family fun. 

Lisa Towery and Maggie Martin toast the official Army War College beer.



 “The Carlisle Barracks Oktoberfest has always been open to the public, but this year, with 7,269 people in attendance it was by far our most successful event to date,” said Reitman.

 “There are lots and lots of people here, and we’re thrilled,” said Liz Knouse, FMWR director. 

While beer is most often associated with Oktoberfest celebrations, the Carlisle Barracks FMWR strived to make the event family friendly.  A children’s area featured pony rides, Segway rides, a moon bounce, face and pumpkin painting.  Children and adults alike enjoyed food and drink, and arts and crafts. 

                                                                         Children paint pumpkins at Oktoberfest.







The center of any Oktoberfest is the fest tent.  It is here that the first beer is tapped and people can gather to listen to music, eat and socialize.  The Carlisle Oktoberfest’s fest tent was the main gathering point for families to relax and enjoy German music, food and of course beer. 

 Participants in the hot dog eating contest eat their hotdogs.








“My family and I had a wonderful time,” said Gillian Covert.  “(Carlisle Barracks) could not have provided a more family friendly event.”

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Post chapel offers wide range of services

When you say chapel to many people the first thing that comes to mind is religious services.  However on many Army posts, that is only a fraction of what the chapel has to offer and Carlisle Barracks is no different.

“This chapel is very busy,” said Sgt. 1st Class Andrew Wicks, non-commissioned officer in charge of religious activities.  “The building is almost always in use for everything from scout meetings, to choir rehearsals to bible studies.”

Due to the large number of retirees in the Carlisle area the chapel has a robust volunteer army.  “A lot of things that I used to have to do at other chapels, such as preparing for services, are done by the volunteers,” said Wicks.  “The volunteers also check up on me, which is also nice” he said with a smile. 

Wicks, who comes to Carlisle Barracks from the 82nd Airborne Division, says that he likes working at the chapel here. 

“It is different, not what I expected, but a nice change of pace.  Here I am able to focus on the chapel.  Before I was more focused on deploying, I was in Iraq for 15 months, came home for a year, then redeployed back to Iraq for a year, was home for a year, then deployed to Afghanistan for a year.  Here, I don’t have to do that I can focus on the building.”

Along with holding religious services, the chapel staff tries to reach out to members of the Carlisle Barracks community in many different ways. 

“Last month we held our first geographical bachelor dinner,” said Wicks.  “We are going to try to do one each month, and the next one is on Oct. 20th at 6 p.m.”  On Nov. 16 the chapel will host a Soldiers Thanksgiving lunch for Carlisle Barracks Soldiers.

The chapel also provides counseling to help military personal heal with combat trauma.  On Nov. 3 and 4 the chapel will host retired Col. Keith Morgan and retired Col. Mark Benz, who will discuss programs associated with the spiritual dimension of health and healing in the military.

To find out more information on service times and other chapel activities go to:

Or you can check out their Facebook page, USAWC Memorial Chapel, at:!/pages/Carlisle-PA/US-Army-War-College-Memorial-Chapel/119842311404239

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

USAWC students learn about international culture

Every year about 50 foreign military officers come to Carlisle Barracks to be fellows at the U.S. Army War College -- sharing their experience and perspective with US officers and developing relationships of enduring value. The year they spend here gives the International Fellows, and their families, the chance to experience American culture first hand.   To reciprocate that experience, the IF’s held an International Day at the Letort View Community Center for fellow students, community sponsors, and families.

“The purpose of international day is to provide the opportunity for our fellow  students and the people of Carlisle Barracks a chance to see, in one location, a representation of the 49 countries that our fifty fellows represent,” said Canadian Fellow  Lt. Col. Derek Macaulay.

Each country was represented by a cultural display from the IF’s country.  The displays included, photos, foods, drinks, and other items associated with that country.  Many fellows and their families dressed in traditional clothing.

Norwegian Col. Odin Johannessen and his wife Hilde, pose in traditional attire from their country, during International Day at the USAWC. 


“I hope that the people who attended the event now have a better understanding of our cultures,” said Macaulay.  “As strategic leaders it is important for us to understand different peoples and their culture, especially as more and more military operations are being fought by multi-national coalitions.”

“Unfortunately, many people tend to view all Muslims as terrorists, and this is not true,” said Col. Mohammad Al Mehairi, the fellow from the United Arab Emirates said.  “This day, and the entire International Fellows program, gives us the chance to become friends, drink coffee, break bread, and tear down walls.”

Due to the success of the International Fellows program, and the multinational character of international security, the Army War College will increase the number of IFs from 50 in each class to 80 by academic year 2013. 

“The purpose for this expansion is to expand our ability to provide international senior leader professional military education to an increased number of allied, partner and friendly nations,” said Col. Alpo Portelli, IF Program Director for the college.

“International Senior Level Professional military education is recognized as a strategic asset and, in the environment of persistent conflict in which we find ourselves, it is increasingly important to capitalize on the continued building of close partnerships with all to meet these challenging times,” said Portelli.

The USAWC Class of 2011 includes 50 officers from 49 nations, including two from Pakistan.

Public Affairs staff report
Army leadership discusses today’s issues with Army War College students


Lt. Gen. Daniel Bolger, Army Deputy Chief of Staff, spoke to Army War College students in their seminar room Oct. 14 as part of the annual Anton Myrer Leader Day. Photos by Megan Clugh.

To see a video of Gen. Peter Chiarelli, Vice Chief of Staff of the Army's remarks, go to our YouTube site.

 Oct. 14, 2010 – More than 20 senior leaders came to the Army War College today to discuss current and future challenges and issues that face our nation’s military during the 2010 Anton Myrer Army Leader Day, the capstone event for the college’s Strategic Leadership course.

Gen. Peter Chiarelli, Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, led the “all-star” Army staff who held discussions in each of the 20 seminars about the lessons of leadership before the formal address in Bliss Hall.

Chiarelli spoke about the effects of war -- what we are finding out about them, what we are doing in response to them and the role that senior leaders like the student will play in mitigating or helping their Soldiers deal with them.

“We’ve learned some valuable lessons during the last nine years about the effects that these conflicts have had on our Soldiers,” he said. “We have to make changes and address our policies to address what we face today.”

Chiarelli went on to talk about the “signature injuries” of the current conflicts, post-traumatic stress and traumatic brain injuries.

“These invisible injuries are real wounds,” he said. “We must remove the stigmas associated with getting help. We have a duty to take care of our Soldiers 24 hours a day.”

He said that studies are being conducted in partner with national health centers to find our more about the causes and effects of these conditions, but that an involved and caring leader was the first line of defense. 

 “What makes these changes possible are people like you,” he said. “This generation needs caring and involved leaders. They are stressed and tired after nine years of war. You need to be able to tell someone they need help and make sure they get it.

Terrence Salt, principal deputy assistant secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and the Environment, shared his perceptive on issues facing military installations around the globe.

“The only way to get through these problems is with leaders like you.”

Other leaders share lessons in USAWC seminars

Joyce E. Morrow, administrative assistant to the Secretary of the Army and Acting Deputy Under Secretary of the Army, spoke to students about providing a broad spectrum of support services to Army Headquarters elements and other DoD activities,

Morrow’s responsibilities are similar to a 4-star commander.  She oversees the operation of four field operating agencies that provide executive services, operations support, and business activities to customers in the Army and DoD communities. 

“We are all civilians, military and contractors focused on the same thing—our greater mission,” said Morrow.

She also spoke about her progression as a Department of the Army Civilian.   As a graduate of the USAWC Class of 1999, she considered the Army War College a rare opportunity to read and think.

“All of her insights -- about the broad scope of authority and responsibilities, inter-agency coordination, and managing her workforce -- were valuable to everyone in the seminar” said studentDiane Knight.  

“I was very impressed with the amount of emphasis placed in inter-personal relationships and how she has never lost sight in being grounded and connected to the workforce,” said Col. Robert Mundell, USAWC faculty member.

Lt. Gen. William Troy, Director of the Army Staff, met with students and offered a view from the top, sharing insights into navigating the executive atmosphere at Army Headquarters.

Lt. Gen. William Troy, Director of the Army Staff, shared his insights from life at Army Headquarters.

“This has been a very good session. Coming into this I didn’t know what to expect, but now I can see all the themes that we are learning in the classroom as they tie into this very nicely,” said studentCol. Bruce Jenkins. “Lt. Gen. Troy is giving us excellent perspective from the top so we can see where the Army is heading. I am interested to know what keeps him up at night and I am curious about his insights about Army leadership because there are a lot of question marks right now.”

StudentLt. Col. Robert Barnes asked Troy for his advice about strategic leadership.

“In our studies on strategic leadership, different competencies are discussed and today I feel like we really heard someone speak to the importance of being able to foster interpersonal relationships and the ability to have vision,” Barnes said. “I think paying attention to how someone else sees an issue is important. It can help you understand why an organization does not want to participate or why an organization is eager to participate.”

Troy thanked the students for meeting with him.

“It is vitally important to the leadership what you guys think. You all have a unique perspective that is important.”

Lt. Gen. Daniel Bolger, Army Deputy Chief of Staff, led a spirited discussion about managing and prioritizing equipment and manpower requests, the importance of Congressional testimonies and the role of Congress in the resource and force manning arenas, the roles of senior civilians and the issue of Soldier suicides.

 “It’s important that all of you realize the vital role you will play in shaping our nation’s future and what will be expected of you,” he said. “You have arrived.”  

“Army Leader Day was great because it gave us as students the opportunity to sit down with senior leaders and get their perspective on what leadership is at the strategic level.  We got to gain an understanding of the challenges they face, and learn from their experiences, which will hopefully make us better leaders,” said student Marine Lt. Col. Joe Adkins.

Larry Stubblefield, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, spoke to students in seminar 16.

Maj. Gen. Keith Thurgood, Deputy Chief of Army Reserve, spoke about the drawdown of forces and how the role of the Army Reserve and National Guard may change. He posed the question of whether Army Reserve will continue to be incorporated into the operational cycle of the Army as a whole or will it go back to the old model and be used as a strategic operational partner to be used if there is a major incident.

Thurgood pointed out both the pros and cons for each argument and said it would continue to be a source of discussion in the coming years but the dialogue was necessary to maintain trust and strong relationships with the civilian community.

Maj. Gen. Stephen Lanza, Chief of Public Affairs, and Maj. Gen. James McConville, Chief of Legislative Liaison teamed to discuss communicating:  it’s about relationships and it’s personal. We have the reputation as the best, professional, skilled military; officers in the room are expected to be effective, strategic communicators. Questioned by students about their roles, the senior leaders assured them of the need to develop communication skill sets and to participate in social media. 

Students were particularly drawn to the senior leaders’ personal insights about the challenge of responsibility. In conversation with Maj. Gen. Randy Manner, Special Assistant to the Chief, National Guard Bureau, students’ many questions revealed suggestions ranging from the value of hobbies as balance, to the wisdom of seeking counsel in the face of ethical dilemmas.

Lt. Gen. Eric Schoomaker, Army Surgeon General, spoke about health issues and other related topics in his seminar discussion.

About the Army War College

    Established from the principles learned in the Spanish-American War, the Army War College was founded by Secretary of War Elihu Root, and formally established by General Order 155 on November 27, 1901. Washington Barracks — now called Fort McNair — in Washington, D.C. was chosen as the site.

    The first president of the Army War College was Gen. Tasker H. Bliss and the first students attended the College in 1904. The College remained at Washington Barracks until 1940, when it was closed due to World War II. It reopened in 1950 at Fort Leavenworth, and moved one year later to its present location at Carlisle Barracks.

    At Carlisle, the Army War College grew steadily as it performed its mission of preparing officers for leadership at the highest levels. Two specialized agencies evolved into integral parts of the Army War College: the Strategic Studies Institute, first formed in 1954, and the Military History Institute, established in 1967.

   The Center for Strategic Leadership, a state-of-the-art war gaming complex that opened in 1994, contributed another unique dimension to the college and to Carlisle Barracks' history as a distinctive U.S. Army campus. Other organizations like the Army Physical Fitness Research Instituteand the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institutealso contribute greatly to the students' experience.

    For more information visit

 Carlisle Barracks EO Office offers special Bus trip
  The Carlisle Barrack’s Equal Opportunity office is sponsoring a free bus trip to the National Museum of the American Indian, Washington DC, Saturday, Nov. 6., for Active duty Military, DoD Civilians, and family members.
  The bus will depart Anne Ely Hall (Bldg #46) at 7 a.m. and will return at 5:30 p.m.
  Remember seating is limited so contact Sgt. 1st Class Crystal Blue, 717-245-3661;  or Sgt. 1st Class Timothy Banks, 717-245-3151;  not later than Nov. 2.
  Participants are responsible for their lunch.   
  Remember to bring your camera, refreshments and wear comfortable walking shoes.

Military Retiree Day offers benefits, updates
  The Annual Military Retiree Appreciation Day at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., is scheduled for Saturday, October 16 from
8 a.m. to 3 p.m. in Bliss and Root Halls, U.S. Army War College.  
  The free event offers benefit updates, seminars and services for all military retirees, family members, survivors, and pre-retired military personnel.
  Retired Army Colonel John W. Radke, chief, Army Retirement Services, will be the keynote speaker.
  Following the guest speaker’s address, there will be briefings on TRICARE-for-Life (Over Age 65), TRICARE (Under age 65), Legal Affairs, and Veterans Affairs.  Military service organizations and Carlisle Barracks activities will offer information and answer questions.
  Identification cards and vehicle registration will be issued from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. in Anne Ely Hall, Building 46 on Ashburn Drive.
  Mini-health screenings will be offered from 8 to 10 a.m. in the Dr. Mary Walker Room in Root Hall, Building 122.
  Pre-registration is requested for planning purposes by Wednesday, October 13.   For more information, contact the Retirement Services Office at Carlisle Barracks: 717-245-4501 or 717-245-3894.
 If you do not have a DoD vehicle permit, enter through the Claremont Road Vehicle Access Center.  Be prepared to show photo identification, vehicle registration and insurance; follow special event signs for parking.
  After attending Retiree Appreciation Day, you may want to visit the Carlisle Barracks Oktoberfest celebration, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., on the grounds of the Army Heritage and Education Center, off Army Heritage Drive in Carlisle.  A shuttle bus will run from 8:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. and will stop at designated locations on Carlisle Barracks, to include Root Hall, approximately every 20 minutes.

Golden Knights amputee to give amazing story that you cannot miss

Suzanne Reynolds, Public Affairs Office

 A video about his story can be found here

“It’s not the Disability….It’s the Ability!”   “Talent has no Boundaries”
is the topic to be presented by retired Army Sgt. 1st Class Dana Bowman, guest speaker for the Carlisle Barracks National Disability Awareness Observance, Tuesday, Oct. 19, 1 p.m., Bliss Hall here.

  This event is open to the public.  Students, families, military and civilian employees are welcome to attend.  Civilian employees should request permission from supervisors to attend the 90-minute program that includes a question and answer period.

 In 1994 as a member of the U.S. Army Golden Knights skydiving team and Special Forces Soldier, Bowman was performing in a routine training exercise with his partner at Yuma, Arizona.  They were traveling at a combined speed of 300 miles per hour when they collided in midair.  Bowman’s legs were severed instantly, one above and one below the knee.  The impact claimed the life of his skydiving partner and best friend, Sgt. Jose Aguillon.

  Nine months after the accident, Bowman returned to the Army—becoming the first amputee member of the Golden Knights, the first to reenlist in active duty and the first to skydive on prosthetic legs into a reenlistment ceremony.

  Bowman retired from the Army in 1996.

  In addition to Bowman’s full-time speaking career, he flies multi-engine craft, helicopters, and seaplanes, and enjoys scuba diving, bicycling, snow and water skiing, snowmobiling and, of course, skydiving.

  “We look forward to seeing a full house on Tuesday, Oct. 19 in Bliss Hall,” said Donna Strickland, Carlisle Barracks EEO manager.  If Bliss Hall auditorium is filled, additional seating will be in the Post Theater.

  For more information on this event, call 717-245-3951 or 717-245-3151.

  For more information on SFC (R) Bowman, go to and


On Saturday October 9, the Carlisle Barracks Fire Department hosted the third annual Kid’s Fire Academy for kids age 6 to 13.

“We do this every year for the children as part of national fire prevention week,” said Firefighter Jeannine LaFranchice.  “It is better than telling the kids don’t do this, don’t do that.  It gets the kids more involved in what we do.”

“We taught the kids how to use the Rapid Intervention Team to get an injured fire fighter out of a building, put out a car fire and show the kids the different types of equipment fire fighters use,” said Carlisle Barracks Station Chief, Dennis Ing.  The children also learned how fire fighters fight fires.

                                                                                                                                                     Children learn fire prevention tips at the Fire Academy.

“Fires need fuel, oxygen and heat to survive,” said Ing.  “When we remove one of these elements, the fire goes away.  That is why if your clothes catch on fire, you should, ‘stop, drop and roll.’”

Junior fire fighters Delaney Moore and Carol Mitchell pull a "downed firefighter" out of a room.

After spending the morning rescuing their fellow fire fighters and putting out fires, the junior fire fighters refueled with chilidogs.

“I liked the ‘smoke filled room’ the best,” said junior firefighter Ryan Moore as he bit into his dog.

Fire prevention week is from Oct. 3-9, 2010.












Firefighter Josh Yale watches as Junior firefighters Kevin Rupp and Balthazar Bruno battle a car fire during the Carlisle Barracks Kids Fire Academy.

 Proceeds from luncheon to benefit Pa. Breast Cancer Coalition

  Over $500 was raised from the 2010 Breast Cancer Awareness Luncheon to benefit the Pa. Breast Cancer Coalition.   This event was sponsored by the Carlisle Chapter #256 Federally Employed Women.

  Men get Breast Cancer too" was the topic of this year's luncheon, held Wednesday, Oct. 6, LVCC.  The guest speaker, Allan Holm, a 15-year breast cancer survivor, shared his story with over 100 attendees.

  "Early detection is so important," said Holm.  "Look for the warning signs--there is a higher rate of mortality for men."

  To learn more about male breast cancer, visit:

Photo by Suzanne Reynolds

General calls for better suicide prevention efforts

By Elaine Wilson, American Forces Press Service

ALEXANDRIA, Va., Oct. 8, 2010 - The military must address the stress wearing down the force and work to end the stigma surrounding mental health care to combat rising suicide rates, the chair of the Department of Defense Task Force on the Prevention of Suicide said today.

"Suicide prevention is a huge challenge in the military," Army Maj. Gen. (Dr.) Philip Volpe said. "There's stress on our family members and stress on our servicemembers. This is a unique time. Nowhere before in our history did people have to deploy over and over again."

Volpe stressed the need for better military suicide prevention efforts and outlined his task force's recommendations for doing so during the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors Suicide Survivor Seminar and Good Grief Camp here, which drew more than 200 family members from across the nation. The issue touched home for many. Nearly all lost a military loved one to suicide, some as recently as a week ago.

Suicide rates have nearly doubled in the military in the past five years, Volpe noted. And the Army's rates have exceeded the civilian population since 2005, with 606 suicides between 2005 and 2009.

The DOD's congressionally mandated suicide prevention task force spent the past year delving into the military's suicide prevention programs in an effort to improve them, Volpe said. The findings and recommendations were submitted to Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates for review in August. Gates will then submit the results to Congress by Nov. 24.

Among its findings, the task force noted a need to address the stressors of nearly a decade of war, Volpe said, particularly related to the high operations tempo. This applies not only to deployed servicemembers, but to servicemembers supporting operations back home as well.
A high operations tempo can prevent servicemembers from creating the bonds they need to pull them through difficult times, he explained. The general cited dwell time, or the time between deployments, as an example.

Military leaders expend a good bit of energy discussing the need for more dwell time, the general noted, but fail to talk about the quality of that time, which ultimately is more important than the length.

"Servicemembers deploy for a year, then come back and their schedule is filled with events," he said. "They never get reconnected again to family, to friends. They never get a chance to live through some of their experiences.

"We're just going and going like an engine without any repair," he added.

The task force also discovered a broken crisis-response system. "There's a whole bunch of hotlines, numbers, but when someone is in crisis, who do you call?" Volpe said. "And what response will you get?"

The task force found a significant variation in response and levels of training within these resources. Some hotlines, he said, refer people to another hotline or resource. As a result, the person in need gets lost in the process.

The task force recommends a 911 equivalent for suicide crisis, Volpe said. People know what to expect when someone has a heart attack, but not when there's a suicide. The military needs one hotline with highly trained people who can take appropriate action.

The task force spent considerable time studying the stigma that prevents servicemembers from seeking help, the general said. The task force found that multiple initiatives are needed to combat it. One solution is to develop anonymous sources where servicemembers can seek help without fear of career repercussion. But leaders must be aware of the drawbacks to that solution, the general said.

When someone remains anonymous, information isn't shared with leaders, Volpe explained. They may see a servicemember's performance declining and try to take action without knowing that the member is seeking behavioral health care.

"While we need to create anonymous sources so people under stress get help, we also need to attack the stigma," Volpe said. "The message needs to be: You can be the best warrior in the world but you're still a human being. And calling in for help is no different than if you call in for help for other reasons.

"It's OK to seek assistance and assistance works," he continued. "Those are the things we have to focus on."

Volpe also called for better training for behavioral health providers and chaplains. "Just because you have a degree on the wall doesn't make you good at understanding suicidal behavior and ways to prevent suicide," he said. "We really need to boost [training] up. There's a lack of understanding of suicidal behavior in our health care system."

A lack of training also exists across the services, Volpe noted. The services are conducting training, but it's not as effective or inclusive as it could be. Mostly, suicide prevention training is conducted with PowerPoint presentations annually so servicemembers can mark the training off a checklist. Volpe called that method inadequate.

The general called for skills-based training, likening it to weapons training. The military would never teach soldiers how to fire a weapon by PowerPoint, he said, and the same applies to suicide prevention. Training needs to include practical lessons in understanding where to go for help and how to raise the issues of concern.

Volpe said there's also a great need for family member training, a comment met by enthusiastic applause from the audience. Family members often say they knew something was wrong with their loved one, but couldn't pinpoint the problem. They didn't know where to go for help or if their actions would help or hinder, he said.

Family members need training on suicide signs and avenues of help, and this training needs to encompass more than just the spouse, but the parents, siblings, other family and friends as well.
"Families are usually the first indicators, first detectors of something not being the same, not being right," he said. "It makes sense for families be included in a comprehensive suicide prevention program."

Volpe concluded by citing a need for better suicide after care, or "postvention," not just for families, but for servicemembers who have lost a battle buddy. Loss puts all loved ones at risk for destructive behaviors, including suicide, he noted.

Suicide prevention isn't about identifying weaknesses but creating strengths, Volpe said.

"We learned early on that we're not only saving the lives of soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines, but we're making this a better, more ready military by addressing suicide prevention," he said. "We're strengthening the force."

Volpe also thanked the audience for their input into the task force's report at last year's survivor seminar. "What we learned there provided us a guiding light for the remainder of our work," he said.

Karen Parrish, American Forces Press Service
Obama Awards Posthumous Medal of Honor to Harrisburg native Green Beret

WASHINGTON, Oct. 6, 2010 - President Barack Obama paid tribute today to a young U.S. Army Special Forces sergeant who gave up his life for his fellow soldiers.

During a White House ceremony, the president awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor recognizing Staff Sgt. Robert J. Miller's 2008 actions in Afghanistan. Miller's parents, Phil and Maureen Miller, accepted the award.

"We are a nation of more than 300 million Americans. Of these, less than 1 percent wears the uniform of our armed services. And of these, just a small fraction has earned the badges of our special operations forces," the president said. "In the finest military the world has ever known, these warriors are the best of the best. In an era that prizes celebrity and status, they are quiet professionals -- never seeking the spotlight. In a time of war, they have borne a burden far beyond their small numbers."

The Medal of Honor is the highest military award a servicemember can receive for valor in action against a combatant force. Miller's Medal of Honor is the seventh awarded, all posthumously, to troops serving in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. A living soldier, Army Staff Sgt. Salvatore Giunta, has been chosen for the award but has yet to receive it.

"It has been said that courage is not simply one of the virtues, but the form of every virtue at the testing point," Obama said. "For Rob Miller, the testing point came nearly three years ago, deep in a snowy Afghan valley. But the courage he displayed that day reflects every virtue that defined his life: ... Devotion to duty. An abiding sense of honor. A profound love of country."

Miller served as a weapons sergeant for Company A, 3rd Battalion, 3rd Special Forces Group Airborne. He was the team's youngest member, on his second deployment to Afghanistan.

His team was supporting an Afghan Border Police security patrol in Kunar province Jan. 25, 2008. Taliban fighters opened fire on the group from nearby buildings and from behind boulders. The team called in air strikes on the enemy position, but came under fire again when they moved forward to search for survivors.

Miller's team captain was seriously wounded, and Miller remained at the front of the patrol to lay down suppressive fire as the captain was moved to safety. Other team members bounded back over the snowy terrain to find cover and return fire.

"Rob held his ground. Despite the chaos around him, he radioed back enemy positions. As the only Pashto speaker on his team, he organized the Afghan soldiers around him. But the incoming fire, in the words of one soldier, was simply 'astounding,'" the president said.

"Rob made a decision. He called for his team to fall back. And then he did something extraordinary. Rob moved in the other direction -- toward the enemy, drawing their guns away from his team and bringing the fire of all those insurgents down upon himself," Obama said.

The young weapons sergeant continued to fire his weapon and lob grenades at the enemy positions, drawing fire to cover the team's movement even after he was wounded by machine-gun fire. Army accounts of the incident said more than 100 Taliban fighters shot at Miller. Team members say he returned fire for more than 20 minutes after he was wounded. Then his weapon and radio went silent.

"This is the story of what one American soldier did for his team, but it's also a story of what they did for him," Obama said. "Two of his teammates braved the bullets and rushed to Rob's aid. In those final moments, they were there at his side -- American soldiers there for each other.

"The relentless fire forced them back, but they refused to leave their fallen comrade. When reinforcements arrived, these Americans went in again - risking their lives, taking more casualties - determined to bring Rob Miller out of that valley. And finally, after fighting that raged for hours, they did," the president said.

Miller's courage saved his captain's life, and enabled seven of his fellow Special Forces soldiers and 15 Afghan troops to survive, gain cover and repel the attack, Army officials said.

The president said Miller's legacy endures in the love of his parents, the pride of his brothers and sisters, in the Afghans he trained and defended, and in the service of his teammates.

"Finally, Rob Miller -- and all those who give their lives in our name -- endure in each of us. Every American is safer because of their service. And every American has a duty to remember and honor their sacrifice," Obama said.

Miller was born in Harrisburg, Pa., and raised in Wheaton, Ill. His family moved to Florida shortly after the young man graduated from Wheaton High School. He joined the Army in 2003, graduated from the Special Forces Qualification Course in 2004 and completed the Special Forces Weapons Sergeant Course in 2005.

In addition to his parents, Miller is survived by his brothers Thomas, Martin and Edward; and sisters Joanna, Mary, Therese and Patricia.

First Lady Michelle Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, Army Secretary John McHugh, Army Chief of Staff Gen. George W. Casey Jr. and Navy Adm. Eric Olsen, commander of U.S. Special Operations Command, attended today's ceremony.

Also on hand were several of Miller's teammates from Alpha Company and more than 100 of his friends and family members.

Here is the text of Miller's Medal of Honor citation:

The President of the United States of America, authorized by act of Congress, March 3rd, 1863, has awarded, in the name of the Congress, the Medal of Honor to Staff Sergeant Robert J. Miller, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty.

Staff Sergeant Robert J. Miller distinguished himself by extraordinary acts of heroism while serving as the weapons sergeant in Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha 3312, Special Operations Task Force 33, Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force Afghanistan, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Kunar Province, Afghanistan, on January 25th, 2008.

While conducting a combat reconnaissance patrol through the Gowardesh Valley, Staff Sergeant Miller and his small element of U.S. and Afghan National Army soldiers engaged a force of 15 to 20 insurgents occupying prepared fighting positions. Staff Sergeant Miller initiated the assault by engaging the enemy positions with his vehicle's turret-mounted Mk 19 40-millimeter automatic grenade launcher, while simultaneously providing detailed descriptions of the enemy positions to his command, enabling effective, accurate close air support.

Following the engagement, Staff Sergeant Miller led a small squad forward to conduct a battle damage assessment. As the group neared the small, steep, narrow valley that the enemy had inhabited, a large, well-coordinated insurgent force initiated a near ambush, assaulting from elevated positions with ample cover.

Exposed and with little available cover, the patrol was totally vulnerable to enemy rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons fire.

As a point man, Staff Sergeant Miller was at the front of the patrol, cut off from supporting elements and less than 20 meters from enemy forces. Nonetheless, with total disregard for his own safety, he called for his men to quickly move back to cover positions as he charged the enemy over exposed ground and under overwhelming enemy fire in order to provide protective fire for his team.

While maneuvering to engage the enemy, Staff Sergeant Miller was shot in the upper torso. Ignoring the wound, he continued to push the fight. Moving to draw fire from over 100 enemy fighters upon himself, he then again charged forward through an open area in order to allow his teammates to safely reach cover.

After killing at least 10 insurgents, wounding dozens more and repeatedly exposing himself to withering enemy fire while moving from position to position, Staff Sergeant Miller was mortally wounded by enemy fire. His extraordinary valor ultimately saved the lives of seven members of his own team and 15 Afghan National Army soldiers.

Staff Sergeant Miller's heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty and at the cost of his own life are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Army.

Related Sites:

Staff Sgt. Robert J. Miller: Medal of Honor <blocked> 

 Related Articles:

Soldier to Receive Posthumous Medal of Honor <blocked>



Headquarters IMCOM moves to San Antonio

SAN ANTONIO, Texas (Oct. 5, 2010) -- The U.S. Army Installation Management Command Headquarters officially transferred from Arlington, Va., to San Antonio during the public uncasing of its unit colors Tuesday at its temporary location.

The relocating of IMCOM to San Antonio includes the transfer or creation of 1,500 jobs to San Antonio's economy. The uncasing ceremony symbolically marks the command's permanent presence here and establishes San Antonio as the new base of operations for the Army's Installation Management community.

It also represents the final movement and relocation of the headquarters, which also includes the U.S. Army Environmental Command and the Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation Command, both subordinate commands of IMCOM. The transfer of the headquarters was directed by the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure law.

"We're honored to be a part of this great city, its military spirit, its multiculturalism, and proud heritage," said Lt. Gen. Rick Lynch, commanding general of IMCOM. "I can't express how happy we are to be a part of Military City USA."

Lynch said he views this move as one way the Army can realize cost savings, enhance operational efficiency and reduce the duplication of installation services. He said he believes the transfer is good for the Army, the country and San Antonio.

IMCOM's mission is to provide installation capabilities and services in support of Army operations, providing a high quality of life for Soldiers, their families and Army civilians. IMCOM oversees all facets of managing Army installations around the world, including maintenance of the roads, grounds, logistics, public works, security forces, emergency services and everything that makes Army installations self-contained towns.

IMCOM temporarily occupies a leased building until completion of a new headquarters on Joint Base San Antonio (formerly Fort Sam Houston) in July 2011. The contract to build the state-of-the-art headquarters is about $390 million.

"We join the city of San Antonio in celebrating this historic moment," said Lynch. "With this uncasing ceremony, we honor our own men and women who dedicate themselves to protecting America and supporting installation capabilities and services to support the Army family in a time of persistent conflict. Their commitment to serve our nation's military is a testament to their courage, their duty to country, and the strength of the nation."

October is Energy Awareness Month

What is it?

October is National Energy Awareness Month. This year's theme for Army is "Empowering Defense through Energy Security."

What is the Army doing?

A highlight of Energy Awareness Month will be the Pentagon Energy Security Event on October 12-15. The event will include more than 75 exhibits featuring installation and operational technology from industry, the services and Department of Defense, as well as forums on October 13 with senior leadership and leading experts.

The Army is working with federal, state and local government, private industry and the public on technologies including large-scale solar, wind and geothermal to proactively shape our energy future and move the nation toward energy independence. We have also updated our acquisition process to require that energy productivity be included in Army acquisition programs.

In theater, the Army has spearheaded initiatives in Iraq and Afghanistan to reduce vehicular fuel consumption, monitor energy use, insulate shelters, increase battery life, and reduce battery size and volume. These and other operational energy improvements boost performance and reduce vulnerabilities.

Why is this important to the Army?

Energy is both a force multiplier and a vulnerability. Improving Army's energy posture will enhance our combat capability in theater and support for combat capability at our fixed installations. By reducing the energy intensity of our equipment and facilities at home and in theater and through more efficient operations and better integration into our acquisition processes, we can lower operational risk, improve Warfighter effectiveness, and reduce costs. When deployed, systems such as smart grids enable better energy awareness and management, in turn improving system responsiveness, reducing the chance of local shortages or excess capacity.

What is planned for the future?

Two Army initiatives include a 500 megawatt solar energy project that would result in Fort Irwin, Ca., becoming energy secure by 2017 and a 30 megawatt geothermal power plant at Hawthorne Army Depot that would meet all of Hawthorne's electrical needs by 2014. The Army is also replacing older non-tactical vehicles with 4,000 electric and 700 hybrid vehicles, saving of 100,000 metric tons on carbon dioxide emissions and 7.5 million gallons of fuel over six years.

In addition, the Army will soon publish: an Operational Energy Initial Capabilities Document; a Tactical Fuel and Energy Implementation Plan; and a roadmap that spells out the Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel and Facilities (DOTMLPF) activities required to affect the Army's Operational Energy Strategy.


Army Energy Security Implementation Strategy

Power and Energy Strategy White Paper

Army Capstone Concept (TRADOC Pamphlet 525-3-0) Operational Adaptability: Operating Under Conditions of Uncertainty and Complexity in an Era of Persistent Conflict

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

2010 CFC campaign begins

If you took the spare change you acquire every month and donated it to one of the thousands of charities that the Combined Federal Campaign supports you could make a huge difference in someone’s life this year. 

“The goal of this year’s CFC drive is to move the leaders and the workforce from being involved to committed,” said Elton Manske, Chairman, of the 2010 Central Pennsylvania Combined Federal Campaign.  “Think of a breakfast of eggs and bacon.  The chicken who gave the egg is involved in the breakfast, but the pig is committed.  That is what I would like us to be.”

“Due to the down turn in the economy there has never been a greater need for a robust CFC campaign to generate the resources needed in Central Pennsylvania and around the world to help people in need,”  said Manske.

If you would like to contribute please see your CFC key person.

Attn civilian employees, annual health benefits fair Nov. 9

Want more civilian employee news

The Carlisle Barracks’ Annual Health Benefits Fair will be held on Nov. 9 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the Root Hall Gym. This event coincides with the Appropriated Federal Employees Health Benefits Open Season, which will run from Nov. 8 thru Dec. 13 2010. Representatives from varies insurance carriers will be on hand to answer provide information and answer employees’ questions.

FAQ on Health Benefits Open Season


Question: What is Open Season?

Answer: This is the time for you to think about your health, dental, vision, and tax-saving needs and to make changes to or enroll in one of the Programs. The programs that participate in the annual Open Season are the:

* Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP),

* Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP), and

* Federal Flexible Spending Account Program (FSAFEDS).

Question: Why should you care?

Answer: This is the time to make elections you usually can’t make any other time of the year. All health or dental or vision plans are not alike. Open Season is about exercising your right of choice. Failure to consider your health plan choices could leave you without the healthcare services or supplies you need or with a premium you can’t afford; dental and/or vision coverage can fill in the gaps of any coverage you now have or pay for services you now don’t get; and a flexible spending account lets you save money and pay less tax.

Question: Can you sit out this Open Season and do nothing?

Answer: If you are already enrolled in FEHBP and FEDVIP; enrollments will continue automatically (although benefits and premiums may change. Also, be sure to check that your plan is still participating.) If you do nothing this Open Season and are later unhappy with your 2010 benefits or premiums, you cannot cancel or change your enrollment until the next Open Season.

Dunham launches anonymous online screening during Depression Awareness  Month

The Army marks National Depression Awareness Month in October, with a theme of "Depression is Treatable - Get Screened - Seek Care."

Dunham Army Health Clinic is bringing to easy attention an anonymous screening tool to help understand if  seeking care is the right move. 

Clinical depression is a serious medical condition that, if left untreated, may lead to other complicated medical conditions. Seeking treatment for a medical condition is not a sign of weakness. It may prevent a good Soldier from becoming a casualty.

The National Institute of Mental Health has reported that major depressive disorder affects some 14.8 million people in the United States.

Signs and symptoms of depression may include sadness, loss of interest in things you once enjoyed, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, restlessness, withdrawing from friends and Family or trouble concentrating or making decisions.

Depression also may produce body aches and pains, irritability, anxiety, over eating or loss of appetite or thoughts of suicide or death.

Unfortunately, many people believe their symptoms are a normal part of life. Two-thirds of people who suffer from depression fail to seek the care needed.

The truth is, more than 80 percent of clinical depression cases can be treated effectively with medication, psychotherapy or both.

Often, the first step to recovery is a depression screening.

Anonymous depression screenings are available:   The screening site will offer information about how to find local resources.

Check out and you'll find a host of learning tools and resources.  Videos address many topics, including "Dealing with alcohol," "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder" and  "Being the Spouse Left Behind."  Through a series of interviews and acted scenarios, the vdieos reassure viewers that no one is alonge -- there is help for everyone.   And, that help is identified: military referrals that show you where to turn to for help and support.

There's nothing to lose and much information and understanding to gain:

For more information, see,, and

Army War College Public Affairs Staff Report

USAWC Class of 2010 students take top prizes in NDU essay contest

(October 5, 2010)--Congratulations to Army War College Class of 2010 students on their accomplishments in the NDU Foundation Writing Competition. Australian Army Brig. Gen. John Frewen with his essay, "Harmonious Ocean? Chinese aircraft carriers and the Australia-US alliance" won first place in the Secretary of Defense National Security Essay Competition. Col. Richard Zoller, USA, took second place with his paper, "Russian Cyberspace Strategy and a Proposed US Response." In a tie for second place for the Strategic Research Paper section of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Strategic Essay Competition was Col. Tarn Warren, USA, with his paper, "ISAF and Afghanistan: The impact of failure on NATO's future."

Frewen’s essay captured first place and Zoller’s placed second, in the Secretary of Defense National Security Essay Competition.

The 2010 annual competition was intended to stimulate new approaches to coordinated civilian and military action from a broad spectrum of civilian and military students. Essays were to address U.S. Government structure, policies, capabilities, resources, and/or practices and to provide creative, feasible ideas on how best to orchestrate the core competencies of our national security institutions. The competition attracted the largest number of entries since it began in 2007. Three winners were selected. The NDU Foundation awarded the First Place winner an gift certificate.

Warren’s essay took second place Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Strategic Essay Competition.

This annual competition, in its 29th year in 2010, challenges students at the Nation's joint professional military education institutions to write research papers or articles about significant aspects of national security strategy to stimulate strategic thinking, promote well-written research, and contribute to a broader security debate among professionals. The First Place winners in each category received a generous gift certificate courtesy of the NDU Foundation.

Read about more winners in Joint Forces Quarterly.

National Red Ribbon Campaign 2010 “I am drug free”


Enrique Camarena 1943 – 1985:  An American Hero

It was February 7, 1985 at 2:00 p.m. a warm winter afternoon in Guadalajara, Mexico, when U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique (Kiki) Camarena locked his badge and revolver in his desk drawer and left to meet his wife for lunch. Kiki unsuspectingly crossed the street to his pickup truck. While unlocking the doors to his vehicle, he was grabbed by five men who shoved him into a beige Volkswagen. One month later, his body was discovered in a shallow grave.  Kiki and his informant, Alfredo Zavala Avelar, were savagely and grotesquely murdered.

Kiki joined the DEA in 1974 and asked to be transferred to Guadalajara, Mexico, the center of the drug trafficking empire. While investigating a multi-billion dollar drug scam, he confiscated thousands of pounds of cocaine, and hundreds of thousands of pounds of marijuana. He suspected the drug scam involved officers of the Mexican army, police and government. Kiki was a believer that one person CAN make a difference and he sacrificed his life to prevent drugs from entering the United States.

In 1985, the National Federation of Parents for Drug Free Youth joined with DEA and implemented a Red Ribbon campaign that spread places as far away as Europe. The National Red Ribbon campaign is celebrated every year October 23 – 31, and is dedicated to Kiki Camarena and all of the people who have been wrongly killed due to the violence of drugs.

Since then, millions of Americans have gotten involved in, and been touched by the Red Ribbon Campaign efforts. No other single drug prevention movement has had such impact on so many lives.

The Red Ribbon Campaign is an opportunity to send a consistent “No Drug” message to people everywhere.  The Carlisle Barracks community is invited and highly encouraged to take part in this year’s celebration. The following activities and events will take place 23 – 31 October.

 For additional information contact the Army Substance Abuse Program at 245-4576.

Carlisle Barracks will recognize the National Red Ribbon Campaign --  

* Poster contest, “I AM DRUG FREE” will run 4 – 26 October –  contact Youth Services for details

* Posters and ribbons distributed throughout the installation.

Saturday, Oct. 23:  Decorate Youth Center – all youth are invited to join the staff in decorating the center, refreshments will be provided.

 Monday, Oct. 25

  • Guards will hand out Red Ribbons at gates in the morning while supplies last.
  • Official Kickoff ceremony with Garrison Commander and McGruff.  Program to be held at the Youth Center at 1630. Refreshments to follow – join us.


Tuesday, Oct. 26

  • McGruff and ASAP staff to visit children at CDC at 0900.


Wednesday, Oct. 27

  • Lunch and Learn presentation by Cumberland/Perry County Drug & Alcohol and ASAP staff. Topic: “Spice the Synthetic Marijuana”. Presentation will be held at 1130, Anne Ely Hall, room 106. Bring your lunch and join us.


Thursday, 28 October

  • Halloween parade on Indian Field to begin at 5 p.m. Line up from 4:30 to 4:55 p.m.
  • Poster contest prizes awarded
  • McGruff will be present from 4:30 – 6 p.m.
  • Halloween Party at LVCC, 7-10 p.m., for grades 6 – 12.




During the week of Oct. 23 – 31 the following organizations will be offering a special promotion for all individuals wearing a Red Ribbon:


  • Bowling Center – a free small soft drink with the purchase of a food item


  • Golf Course - $2.00 off an electric cart rental during a round of golf


  • Skill Development Center – free self-help in the framing area and auto shop


  • ITR/ODR – enter to win a MWR Bus Trip w/purchase at ITR or ODR. Good for one seat on any MWR Bus Day Trip. Value NTE $20.00


For additional information contact the Army Substance Abuse Prevention Office at 245-4576.





Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

APFRI fitness symposium: health after 40

Dr. Vonda Wright, an orthopedic surgeon at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, speaks to students and spouses during an APFRI fitness symposium on health and fitness after 40 on Oct. 4.

While 40 is technically middle aged, it doesn’t mean you have to give up being active.  With the right diet and exercise it is possible to be physically active and competitive well into your eighties and nineties. 

This was the message Army Physical Research Institute health symposium held on Oct. 4 in Bliss Hall.  The theme of the symposium was that Carlisle Barracks students and spouses could remain active for the majority of their lives as long as they continue to exercise on a regular basis and eat healthy.

“Right now one-third of senior citizens have at least one age-related disability due to a sedentary lifestyle,” said Dr. Vonda Wright, an orthopedic surgeon at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, who spoke at the symposium.  “This is a huge cost, both emotionally and financially to not only those people and their families but to the country.  The increasingly sedentary lifestyle of Americans is the number one cause for many diseases.   Regular exercise can decrease the possibility of dying from a chronic disease such as heart disease or pancreatic cancer by 30 percent,” said Wright.

“However, while we all grow older, aging is a state of mind.  One of the best ways to convince your mind that you are younger than your chronological age is by exercise,” said Wright.  “Sixty-four percent of baby boomers who exercised regularly felt on average, eleven years younger than they actually were,” she said.   

“One of the concerns about growing older is that you won’t be as competitive physically as you used to be.  This is a myth,” Wright said.  “Forty years old is the ‘physical sweet spot’’, said Wright.  “You still have the physical strength but you also have the experience, savvy and maturity that many younger athletes don’t have.

While the benefits of exercise were discussed, the penalties of not exercising were also mentioned.  A forty-year old that does not exercise is not only more likely to die from a chronic disease but they will lose eight percent of their muscle mass by the time they are fifty,” said Wright. 

“This means that a non-exercising 50 year old will have difficulty lifting a suitcase into the overhead compartment of a plane.”

Along with exercise, the importance of a good diet was also stressed.  “Right now about two-thirds of all Americans are overweight or obese,” said Dr. Miriam Nelson, director of the John Hancock Research Center on Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Obesity Prevention.

In October 2008 the U.S. government launched the physical activity guidelines for Americans which states that children and adolescents should be getting at least one hour of moderate and vigorous physical activity a day while adults should be getting about two and a half hours a week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity.  According to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine only about five percent of American adults are doing some type of physical activity a day.

The best way to get you and your family exercising and eating right is to make it fun and do it as a family.  “It is ok, to occasionally have a cookie,” said Nelson.

As part of the symposium, APFRI is offering Executive Health and Fitness assessments to the spouses of this year’s resident student class.  The assessments are designed to give the individual a comprehensive picture of their overall health and fitness levels, and how and where they can improve.

APFRI was designed in 1982 as part of an overall philosophy that Soldiers and leaders must be committed to improving individual lifestyles through physical fitness.  APFRI is currently located at the U.S. Army War College, Command & General Staff College and the United States Army Sergeants Major’s Academy.

To view the lectures please go to:

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

Soldiers teach students flag raising

On Sept. 30, Soldiers from Carlisle Barracks taught the third grades at Bellaire Elementary School learn how to raise, lower and properly fold the American flag. 

Sgt. 1st Class Curtis Lane instructs third Graders at Bellaire Elementary School the proper way to fold the American Flag.


“The most important thing to remember,” said 1st Sgt. Carlos Runnels.  “Is never let the flag touch the ground.  The second thing to remember, is when you raise the flag make sure the blue portion is on top.”

To help instill school pride in its students, Jim Burgess, the principal at Bellaire Elementary School has each grade take responsibility for a specific task around the school.  For the third graders, their task is raising and lowering the American flag every day.

 “It’s a big flag, so the children have to work together as a group,” said Danielle Baylor, third grade teacher.

However, before the students can raise and lower the flag, they have to be taught the proper way to do it.  So, Burgess called the experts and asked for their help. 

“We started asking Soldiers in 2006 because we wanted to make the connection with the students, that raising the flag is more than just a job,” said Burgess.

After a flag folding demonstration, each Soldier took 10 kids to a table so the children could practice folding the flag. 

“The kids did a good job and were eager to practice,” said Spc. Matthew Ornot.

Installation directorates of logistics transfer from IMCOM to AMC

SAN ANTONIO, Texas - Army installation directorates of logistics transferred operational control from Installation Management Command to Army Materiel Command Oct. 1, with AMC's Army Sustainment Command being responsible for management and oversight of the installation logistics mission.

In fact, operational control of maintenance, ammunition and selected supply functions of DOLs located in the United States, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico transferred June 1. The complete migration of all DOLs worldwide -including personnel and funding - is planned for fiscal year 2012.

Why are AMC and IMCOM making this change? It is part of the larger Army initiative to put the right mission with the right command. IMCOM is responsible for the Army Services and Infrastructure Enterprise. AMC, along with the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology, make up Materiel Enterprise.

"It is a win-win situation," said David Peralta, chief of IMCOM G-4 plans and operations. AMC, he explained, will be able to bring its logistics expertise to the DOL mission and IMCOM will be able to "concentrate on its core mission - providing the best facilities and services to support Soldiers, Families and Civilians on our installations."

Key to a successful transition, said officials from both commands, is ensuring continuity of operations at above-installation levels. Currently provided by IMCOM's headquarters and regions, this support will shift to ASC's headquarters, Army Field Support Brigades and Army Field Support Battalions. Accordingly, expertise and relationships previously built in the IMCOM chain will now need to be developed and cultivated at all levels within the ASC structure, a process started about a year ago.

"We will continue to provide support with IMCOM and ASC staffs during this period ... to ensure we have continuity of support through the transition," said Peralta, who participated in a rules of engagement workshop in late June. During that meeting, participants determined the agencies responsible for coordination, accountability and support to stakeholders for the operational control phase of the realignment. Specifically, his group discussed command and control issues dealing with how internal logistics will be handled after the transfer.

"While we still have a lot to do," he said, "the workshops gave us a jump start... We are committed to making it work and continuing to provide a high level of support to our installation customers."

The overall command structure for DOLs - and many other issues - were also studied during a rehearsal of concept drill held Aug. 24-26 in Davenport, Iowa, with more than 160 attendees from Army major commands and organizations.

The agenda concentrated on regional, AFSB and IMCOM logistics issues.

"I think the most important thing we (determined) is the way we're going to C2, what kind of structure we're going to have to do the C2 of it," said Col. Johnny Johnston, 406th AFSB commander, Fort Bragg, N.C., referring to the AFSB command-and-control role in the DOL transformation.

Participants also worked through a series of vignettes to determine organizational responsibilities in different situations. With the help of directors of logistics and other subject-matter experts, the group identified a list of issues needing to be resolved before ASC takes operational control of DOLs.

Additional breakout sessions included discussions on difficult issues such as resource management and personnel.

The ROC drill was one more step in an ongoing series of workshops held to ensure the transition goes as smoothly as possible.

"We can't be prepared enough," said Greg Kuhr, IMCOM G-4. "Few people realize the extent the DOLs affect the lives of Soldiers and their Families. We feed, fix, fuel, supply and deploy the Soldier and his equipment. We move the Families' household goods when they transfer to another station. We have to get this right and ensure no mission is dropped as the DOLs change commands."

(Additional information provided by AMC/ASC Public Affairs)

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Program offers opportunity for students to learn, teach at civilian universities, organizations


Col. Walter Piatt, an Army War College Fellow at Georgetown University, stands outside the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. Selected officers take part in a unique 10-month program that partners the Army and various universities, allied service schools, civilian ”think tanks”, corporations, and government agencies, in lieu of residence at a senior service college. courtesy photo.

Oct. 1, 2010 -- The art of strategic learning at the Army War College isn’t limited to taking part in the USAWC resident or distance programs, selected officers have the opportunity to take part in a unique 10-month program that partners the Army and various universities, allied service schools, civilian ”think tanks”, corporations, and government agencies, in lieu of residence at a senior service college.

Each year, the Department of the Army selects a limited number of officers as Senior Service College Fellows. Officers from the active component, National Guard and Reserve are assigned to the USAWC to study and conduct research in this capacity during a given academic year. This year, 74 Senior Service College Fellows are taking part in the program, the largest in its 38-year history.  

“The program serves as an opportunity for the officer to obtain an educational experience equivalent in quality to the resident course program based at a civilian institution where there are different goals and objectives,” said Kevin Connelly, the program director. “They are able to see how the corporate and civilian worlds work strategically.”  

Originally started in 1972, the program began as the Army Research Associate Program, where selected officers could volunteer for a year at an academic institution in lieu of attending a senior service college.  In 1987, under the direction of the Chief of Staff of the Army, the USAWC established a direct affiliation with the fellows and created the current program. Current fellowships include locations in the United States, France, Italy, Germany, and Canada. Former graduates of the program include Gen. David Petraeus and Gen. George W. Casey, Jr. 

“Like many of the selectees I was forced to defer a few years due to operational deployments,” said Col. Walter Piatt, a fellow at Georgetown University. “I was honored and excited to be selected to a senior service college and plan to take full advantage of this opportunity to be with my family, stay healthy and learn from all the remarkable people I will come into contact with this year.”

Piatt said that he has been impressed with the experience so far as part of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.

“Walking onto the campus at Georgetown for the first time was both impressive and a bit overwhelming,” he said. “As a career infantryman I felt a little humbled but proud to be able spend time with the brilliant faculty and students that make up Georgetown and the DC area. Everyone has so much to offer.”

The experience of the faculty at Georgetown University is one of the benefits of the program.

Fellows of the Army War College class of 2011 shared the USAWC resident experience in August, and gathered at Upton Hall.

“I get to work for and around people who have enormous experience dealing with international diplomacy and foreign policy.” he said.  He said that he hopes the experience will help him gain a broader perspective of the issues facing the world.”

The fellows can also pursue a specific course of study that isn’t available at a military senior service school.   

“For example there are universities that offer programs in strategic supply chain management, modeling and simulation, that are extremely beneficial for officers in that career field,” said Connelly.

Each year the program searches for new opportunities for fellows. One of this year’s new programs is the National Security Fellowship Program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The 10-month program, hosted by the UNC School of Journalism and Mass Communication and the UNC Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense, allows the fellow to study a wide range of national security, public policy, public affairs and other subject matters offered by the UNC system.

Differences exist between senior service fellow, USAWC resident programs

There are some differences between the resident program and the SSCF besides their location. SSCF receive a USAWC certificate and will have satisfied all requirements expected for a DoD Senior College Graduate, but they do not receive credit for JPME Phase II, nor are they eligible for a USAWC Masters of Strategic Studies degree.

Another difference is the requirement of a civilian research paper and the publishing of an article.

“Each fellow is required to complete a research paper that is managed by the university or organization,” said Connelly. “This is similar to the USAWC student SRP but the entire process is managed by the university.”

USAWC, Carlisle Barracks resources made available to fellows

While the fellows may be at far-off locations, it doesn’t mean that they don’t receive many of the same services and opportunities as their resident and distance education counterparts.

“We speak or interact with each of the fellows on a daily basis,” said Connelly. The fellows have the opportunity to take part in the Army Physical Research Institute wellness assessments and Telehealth program, have access to the resources of the USAWC library and USAWC faculty.

“We try and replicate as much of the resident student experience for the fellows as we can,” said Connelly. “Whether it’s making library resources available to them or providing them a POC to help with pay issues, the college and barracks really go out of their way to help.”

A portal page on AKO has also been set up to help organize and share information in a place they can access from anywhere.

“We’ve created with the help of the NEC a place where the fellows can come together to share experiences, photos, documents, almost anything,” said Connelly. “They can even take a look at the papers, articles and other program information from previous year’s fellows. This really helps establish a network for them.” 

On-site visits by Connelly and Professor Mike Pasquarett from the Center for Strategic leadership also provide an opportunity for communication between the fellows, the hosting university or institute and the USAWC. Each fellow is also assigned a faculty mentor who provides them with guidance and assistance if necessary. These faculty members approve and grade the required papers and article with the same standards as the USAWC distance and resident education programs.

Program also supports USAWC strategic communication mission

Another important aspect of the program is the benefit of having a senior Army officer at a civilian institution where the learning can be two-fold.

 “This experience builds a relationship between the Army, the schools and his classmates. The fellow, the university and the USAWC all benefit from this experience,” said Connelly.  

“The fellow acts as a connected strategic scout for the Army and serves as an Ambassador from the Army to the host institution,” said Doug Campbell, director or the Center for Strategic Leadership. “The fellows active participation and involvement in the development of and learning from prominent national security professionals allow both the Army and the host institution to learn and grow to better serve the Nation.”   

“In my opinion strategic communication and outreach is the central focus of the fellows program,” said Michael Pasquarett, professor in the National Security Strategy & Military Planning Center at CSL. “Education and research are very important, but I believe the Army leadership looks at the fellows as important deliverers of the Army message to past, present and future national security and foreign affairs professionals and as receivers for the thoughts and ideas on these important issues these professionals generate through conferences, seminars, discussion periods and their writings.  The fellows reinforce that we as an organization and as individuals can contribute to the national security debate in meaningful and thoughtful ways.”

That mission isn’t lost on Piatt.   

“Everywhere I go on campus and in the city how much the American people respect service members,” he said.  “My job now is to ensure I give something back to Georgetown and to the Army.” 

By Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs

USAWC leadership calls for service, remembrance

(September 11, 2010)—A large crowd gathered at Shippensburg University during a Student Veterans of America-led September 11 ceremony and listened to guest speaker Maj. Gen. Gregg F. Martin, commandant of the U.S. Army War College, as he encouraged young people to continue the legacy of service to the nation.

For photos, click here:

To watch the video, click here:

“Among us today are students who set aside their personal plans and deployed with Pennsylvania Guard and Reserve units. There are school teachers who put their lives, careers, and families on hold to do the nation’s business. There are R.O.T.C. cadets here who are prepared to serve the nation’s needs. This, truly, is an act of service to fellow Americans – to raise your hand and affirm that you will execute the will of the people as determined by our elected leaders,” he said.

Shippensburg resident Jeff Tate, whose son is involved with the Boy Scout Troop that was in attendance, said he feels it’s important for younger generations to get involved with 9-11 ceremonies.

Maj. Gen. Gregg F. Martin, commandant of the U.S. Army War College, speaks during the Shippensburg University Student Veterans of America 9-11 Ceremony, Saturday, September 11, 2010. Photo by Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs.

“My son is only 11 years old and he doesn’t remember what happened that day, so I think it is important to get involved with these kinds of things so younger generations never forget what happened,” he said. “They need to gain an understanding of what happened and of the sacrifices we make.”

Service to the nation and remembering service members’ sacrifice were exactly what Martin urged the audience to support.

“I believe it’s our duty to remember those who died in our service. If we value our life, we must value their death. When we honor their lives, their commitments, and their values, it’s the least we can do for those who gave the most,” Martin said. 

The event was organized by members of the Student Veterans of America organization, a local chapter formed by Sgt. Josh Lang, a Shippensburg University student and a member of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment of the 104th, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania Army National Guard with a deployment to Afghanistan under his belt.

“When I was overseas I felt very proud to be serving our nation and when I came back, people were very supportive, but as more and more years pass by, I think people are forgetting what we are fighting for over there,” said Lang. “I think people also forget what service members go through every day when we are over there and later, when we get back.”

Lang said it meant a lot to the veterans and students in attendance to have support from prominent figures in addition to Martin: Retired Army Col. James Powers, Director of Homeland Security for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; retired Air Force Brig. Gen. Dr. Denny Terrell, vice president of administration and finance for Shippensburg University; and retired Marine Corps Lt. Col. Barbara Cross, Cumberland County commissioner.

“It means that people do care and people want to have other members of the community remember September 11, 2001 and what our service members continue to do every day over there,” said the Afghanistan veteran.

Martin called American service members “amazing,” and acknowledged that many wear multiple hats, not just a Kevlar helmet.

“An amazing thing about our service members is what they have done for people they don’t even know,” he said. “They have been equally engaged in projects for children, and education, and justice. These guys and gals can do anything.”

 Approximately 5,000 flags formed a triangle on the quad in front of the Ezra Lehman Memorial Library at Shippensburg University, representing lives lost since the start of the War on Terror. Photo by Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs.

A wreath was laid in memory of the lives lost during and since the September 11, 2001 attacks and a salute to veterans included local military and veteran organizations such as the Shippensburg University Army ROTC; the Shippensburg VFW and American Legions color guard and rifle units.

The event capped off a weeklong effort at Shippensburg University to recognize former and current service members who have served and still serve the United States. According to the Shippensburg Student Veterans of America, approximately 5,000 American flags on one foot poles, representing the service members who have died during the War on Terror will be displayed.

Maj. Gen. Gregg F. Martin is the 48th commandant of the U.S. Army War College, located at historic Carlisle Barracks in Carlisle, Pa.

Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs
A supportive community welcomes military newcomers

(September 27, 2010)—With unseasonably warm weather and not a cloud in sight, newcomers made their way downtown Saturday to spend a day in a community proud to say it is home to the Army War College.

“This was a fantastic opportunity on a beautiful day to get to know the area a bit,” said Lt. Col. John Howard, an International Fellow from New Zealand and a member of Seminar 12. “The whole event has been very well-hosted by Carlisle and the community. The range of artisans and craftsmen selling their wares are of international quality and I must say I truly enjoyed the crab cakes at the food alley.”

Maj. Gen. Gregg F. Martin, USAWC commandant, signs the Army Community Covenant. Photo by Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs.

Army War College newcomers perused booths manned by local artists and vendors at the Carlisle Harvest of the Arts and got to know some of the local people before heading to Veterans’ Square to witness the signing of the Army Community Covenant and to enjoy a performance by the U.S. Army jazz Ambassadors Dixieland Band.

Fellow Seminar 12 member Coast Guard Commander Todd Prestidge said it was a great opportunity to bring his family out to the downtown area.

“I am a ‘geo bachelor’ and my family is up visiting this weekend so we decided to come out and explore the downtown Carlisle area in a family friendly atmosphere,” Prestidge said. “It is just a very, very nice day and event, and I got to show John around our little American town here.”

The community covenant served as reminder of how supportive the local Carlisle area is to the Army War College community.

“We have a terrific partnership with the community and Carlisle is very supportive of Carlisle Barracks and the Army War College,” said Lt. Col. Janet Holliday, garrison commander. “We in turn, would like to show our support for our community and never have I been in such a supportive community as we are here.”

“I don’t think we could ever do enough for members of our military and their families,” said Mayor Kirk Wilson. “This event is a labor of love for everyone who is involved, and this community is steeped in military history so if there’s a community that has a special place in its heart for the military, it’s Carlisle.”

Army War College newcomers chat with some Carlisle locals during the Welcome Jam downtown last weekend. Photo by Erin O. Stattel, Army War college Public Affairs.

Army War College Commandant Maj. Gen. Gregg F. Martin reminded those in attendance that Carlisle is still considered one of the favorite places to be stationed while serving in the military.

“Military people travel and live all over the world and one of the best places to get assigned to is right here in Carlisle, Pennsylvania,” he said.

Martin presented retired Lt. Col. Sam Lombardo, who served during World War II, a flag which had been flown over Afghanistan in a USAF fighter jet that had been arranged by a former Army War College faculty member. Lombardo, a prominent veteran within the community, embodies what it means to serve a nation and serve a community.

 The flag was a token of appreciation and had a deeper meaning.

Lombardo, who enlisted on Nov. 11, 1939, in the 110th Infantry Regiment, 28th Division, Pennsylvania National Guard as a private,was a 25-year-old first lieutenant in World War II, fresh out of fighting on the front lines of the Battle of the Bulge, when he decided to make his own American flag.

He said he requested one from a commanding officer but was denied, so he and his men decided to make their own flag. It was pieced together, under combat conditions and often under candlelight, with whatever materials could be secured like pillowcases, curtains, and even a German surrender flag. It took the men approximately two-and-a-half months to complete the flag, which was finished by the time the men reached the Danube River.

One of the men rolled the material into a medical kit and carried it with him as they advanced from town to town. At night, they'd painstakingly cut out stars and sew them on to the flag. They finished both sides of the 48-star flag by the time the war ended. Their flag was the first American flag to cross the Remagen Bridge during the war and it is now on display at the National Infantry Museum at Fort Benning. 

Maj. Gen. Gregg F. Martin, USAWC commandant, and Col. Bobby Towery, USAWC deputy commandant, present ret. Lt. Col. Sam Lombardo with a special American flag as a token of appreciation of his service to the nation and this community. Photo by Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs.

That story inspired former Army War College faculty member Air Force Col. Gerald Goodfellow, now commander of the 7th Operations Group, USAF 7th Bomb Wing, Dyess AFB Texas. 

Honoring Lombardo and his unit's dedication to the flag and their country, he arranged for an American flag to be carried aboard a B-1 Bomber during a combat mission in Afghanistan, for presentation to Lombardo during Saturday’s Army Community Covenant Signing.

After Lombardo was presented the flag by Martin and Col. Bobby Towery, deputy commandant of the Army War College, he stepped up to the microphone to thank them for his gift. 

“I would do it all over again,” he proudly said.

Click here to view more photos from Saturday's events:

By Erin O. Stattel, Army War College Public Affairs

When lights and all go dark

Military, elected officials and local first responders were among the attendees of the Center for Strategic Leadership’s workshop, “In the Dark: Military planning for a catastrophic critical infrastructure event” Sept. 28-30. Photo by Megan Clugh.

Sept. 30, 2010— What would happen if the nation were to experience an electromagnetic pulse, darkening our critical infrastructure and paralyzing millions of Americans in their daily lives? What would the response efforts look like and who would be involved? These are questions that were addressed during the Center for Strategic Leadership’s workshop, “In the Dark: Military planning for a catastrophic critical infrastructure event.”

The workshop, conducted at the Collins Center on Carlisle Barracks September 28-30, featured discussions on what actions are specified in doctrine, and what’s needed for the Defense Department’s ability to protect  the nation’s critical infrastructure. Speakers, including Dr. Peter Vincent Pry of Empact America, set the scene and addressed areas of concern. Workshop participants explored pre-event, response, and post-event planning, and consider assigned missions and appropriate venues for military-community interaction.

"Our biggest challenge is not technological, but administrative," Pry told workshop participants. "Not only should school children learn about EMP, but everyone needs to learn about EMP and industry needs to be a part of the solution."

“The devastation that would result from a catastrophic infrastructure event – whether caused by a high-altitude nuclear weapon, a major geomagnetic storm, or cyber attacks – is increasingly being discussed in a variety of Department of Defense, Department of Energy, and Department of Homeland Security organizations as well as in Congress,” stated an information paper about the event.

Professor Cindy Ayers, a National Security Agency visiting professor, teaches Intelligence and Counter Terrorism at the Center for Strategic Leadership, is one of the event coordinators.

“Our entire critical infrastructure could be taken down with a single high altitude nuclear bomb and it could be like living in the 1600s without any of the modern inventions. The government needs to address this potential risk and be prepared to deal with such an event,” she said.

“We could also be in the dark as a result of a cyber attack or a solar storm, something that is very rare, but not out of the realm of possibility” said Ayers.

“The workshop hopes to accomplish a few things. This is to start the thought process, address the ‘what if?’ said Wendy LeBlanc, an event coordinator. “I don’t think a lot of military organizations are looking at this issue.  It doesn’t have to be a terrorist attack; look at the impact of Hurricane Katrina.”  

This workshop is focused on DOD’s role and how to coordinate the government’s response in the event of a major catastrophe, she said

LeBlanc said representatives of organizations ranging from the Department of Homeland Security to NORTHCOM to Carlisle Borough and everywhere in between were present to exchange thoughts and share planning issues with participants from major businesses, including Hershey and Giant.

“Industry participants have been invited so we can have a full view of what kind of coordination is needed,” said LeBlanc. “A report will be published later this fall with strategic recommendations and insight into these kinds of incidents as a result of the workshop. 

Suzanne Reynolds, Public Affairs Office  

Combat photographer to share story of breast cancer:  "Men Get it, too” 

Sep. 28, 2010 -- One of only two Army combat photographers whose work has appeared on the cover of Life Magazine will be the guest speaker at the 2010 Carlisle Barracks Breast Cancer Awareness Luncheon, Wednesday, Oct. 6.

Presented by Carlisle Chapter #256 Federally Employed Women, “Breast Cancer:  Men Get ‘It’ too,” is the topic that guest speaker, Allan Holm, cancer survivor, will address at this year’s luncheon at the Letort View Community Center, 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.  Doors will open at 11 a.m.
Civilian employees may participate in support of this special emphasis program. Supervisors have discretion to permit employees to attend this special observance during working hours, based on mission requirements, according to HR director Tamara Wasson.
In addition to the cover of Life Magazine, Holm’s photographs have appeared in National Geographic, Ladies’ Home Journal, Brides, Good Housekeeping and many more publications.
Along with his wide-ranging experience behind the camera—from combat photography in Vietnam to ad agency work—Holm has been an active educator in the field of photography and is the owner of Allan Holm Photography in Lititz, Pa.
Valuable information and displays, a silent auction and door prizes will also be featured.
Proceeds will benefit Pennsylvania Breast Cancer Coalition.
Tickets for this event are $15 and include lunch.  Contact one of the following Carlisle Barracks' representatives for tickets:
  Collins Hall:  Renee Mountz, 245-3551 or Wendy LeBlanc, 245-3154
  AHEC:  Pam Cheney, 245-3698
  Root Hall:  Laurie Christman, 245-4025
  Upton Hall:  Susan Wise, 245-3520
  Dunham Clinic:  Patti Bergeron, 245-4397

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Changes are coming to the Carlisle exchange

Improved stock assortments, a GNC and longer hours are just a few ways the Carlisle Exchange is listening and adjusting to military shoppers’ needs.

GNC, a staple at many AAFES exchanges, is being put in next to the Subway and should be open for business later this fall. Many of the post’s Soldiers were pleased to hear that GNC was coming to Carlisle Barracks.  “Having a GNC here will make it easier to get their products because it will be more convenient,” said Staff Sgt. Catherine Hutson. 

The Exchange has changed its hours to make it easier for Soldiers and their families to shop.  It will be open until 7 p.m. on Thursdays, and until 6 p.m. the other nights of the week, except for Sundays when it will close at 5 p.m.

With the holiday season right around the corner, the exchange has opened Toyland, Carlisle’s newest place to shop for all your child’s toy needs.  The store is located inside the exchange where lawn and garden used to be.   

Extended holiday hours will allow shoppers to get a jump on their shopping.  The exchange will open at 4 a.m. the day after Thanksgiving and will feature special offers and deals throughout the holiday weekend.  To prepare for the early opening, the exchange will be closed Thanksgiving Day.  However it will be open on Veterans Day.

For the last minute gifts and shoppers the exchange will be open longer beginning Dec. 20th.

More changes are coming in the new year – there will be more USAWC-logo clothing, and military clothing said general manager Donald Basil.  The military clothing should be available in 2011.

Throughout the world, PX and BXs will become “The Exchange.”  The new name will also support a new logo, a red and blue “X”, with the word “exchange” underneath it will.  The new look and logo is being phased in at Army and Air Force Exchanges throughout the world and should arrive at Carlisle sometime in 2011.


Karen Parrish, American Forces Press Service
Defense Department launches absentee voting week

WASHINGTON, Sept. 27, 2010 – The Department of Defense today announced Absentee Voting Week, Sept. 27 to Oct. 4, to help servicemembers and civilians serving outside their home states make their votes count.

With all U.S. House of Representatives and some U.S. Senate seats at stake during the mid-term elections Nov. 2, the department’s Federal Voting Assistance Program has launched a new set of tools to connect voters with their state election processes.

Bob Carey, FVAP director, said the program’s online electronic voting support program and federal write-in absentee ballot are designed to ensure voters get the appropriate ballot and can submit it before deadline.

FVAP’s voting support program, launched this year, offers precinct-specific online ballots and submission instructions for the 19 states so far participating: Virginia, Utah, Montana, New Jersey, Nevada, Kansas, Mississippi, Washington, New Mexico, Indiana, Nebraska, Missouri, New York, Delaware, West Virginia, Idaho, Arkansas, Colorado and Tennessee.

Through the online program, located at, “We can actually give you a direct link to your state’s ballot delivery system,” Carey said. “Or if your state doesn’t happen to have that, then we have an online ballot that has all your federal candidates. You can select online and print out the ballot online. It will give you a pre-addressed envelope and complete instructions about how to get the ballot back home.”

Some states allow ballots to be returned by fax or online, Carey said, but the military postal service will express-mail any ballots military members or their spouses submit from overseas.

“So Bexar County, Texas, has already gotten back two ballots from Korea that were sent back by the express mail,” he said. “E-mailed out on Friday, and the voter got it, put it right in the mail, it got express-mailed back, was back in San Antonio’s hands on that Tuesday. Four-day turnaround.”

FVAP also relies on unit commanders and voting assistance officers worldwide to help troops and civilians get their ballots back on time.

“We have over 9,500 voting assistance officers in the military,” Carey said. “They’re doing a good job; they got the military registered at a higher rate than the general population. What we’re finding, though, is that while 91 percent of the absentee ballots in the general population are returned, only 63 percent of the military ballots were returned [during the last election cycle].”

In the past, ballots were sent by mail, which slowed the voting process and meant some absentee ballots weren’t received before voting deadlines, Carey said.

“Now they’re being sent by e-mail or being posted online. We’ve taken a 30-day transmission process and reduced it to 30 milliseconds,” he said. “Hopefully that’s going to be one of the biggest things we can get out there – let people know they don’t have to wait.”

For troops deployed to remote locations where computers and printers aren’t generally available, Carey said, units may need to make special arrangements.

“What we’re urging all the units to do during Absentee Voting Week [is] to maybe set up one day where they have a computer available that has a printer available,” he said, “so anyone can come on in and at least get their ballot printed out if it’s being delivered by e-mail or online delivery.”

Carey said FVAP also is using social networking tools to reach potential voters.

“FVAP is on Facebook, and we have a tool, an invitation for people to send to all their friends to say, ‘Hey, here’s how you can get your ballot now.’ And if they go to the Federal Voting Assistance Program Facebook page, they can find out all that as well,” he said.

The program’s goal is to make the FVAP Web site the only tool that Defense Department absentee voters need, he said.

“We’re trying to make the FVAP Web site the single portal to be able to go to any state, any system, and it will be seamless and intuitive for the voter,” Carey said. “The experience of a California voter may be very different than the experience a New York voter has, because of the technology used. But hopefully, the experience in terms of the ease of voting is the same.”

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs
O’zapft is!  Tap into German culture at Carlisle Barracks Oktoberfest

The tent was full during the 2009 Oktoberfest and the event promises to be even bigger this year as it moves to the Army Heritage and Education Center, Oct. 16. file photo.

Carlisle Barracks will host its third annual Oktoberfest Oct. 16 at the Army Heritage & Education Center.

The first Oktoberfest was in held in Munich, Germany 200 years ago.  It started in 1810 as a celebration of the marriage of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig to Princess Therese of Saxon-Hildburghausen.  They royal couple opened the festivities to the citizens of Munich.

 Here at Carlisle Barracks the event will include tethered hot air balloon rides, a soccer game, paint ball and music, both traditional and 80’s top 40, as well as beer and food.

The all-day, family-oriented event at the Army Heritage & Education Center is free and open to the public.  Traditional German foods such as bratwurst and pretzels will be served as well as American food.

This is the third year that Carlisle Barracks has hosted an Oktoberfest celebration, and the first year where it will be held off post. 

“While Oktoberfest has always been open to the public, we decided it would be more friendly to hold it somewhere where the public could easily get to,” said Chris Reitman, FMWR marketing director.

Reitman said that Oktoberfest is so popular with servicemembers and their families because so many have been stationed in Germany.

The event will be held rain or shine.  For more information, call 717-245-4069.

Events include:

8 a.m. - Jim Thorpe 5K Run, at Indian Field, on post.

8:30 a.m.-7:00 p.m. -Shuttle Bus (Marshall Heights/Meadows Housing, Root Hall, LVCC, Anne Ely, Clinic, Bowling Center, PX, Commissary)

9 a.m. - 11 a.m. – Registration 5K Volksmarch.    A Volksmarch is an organized non-competitive hike or walk.  Developed in Europe, Volksmarching is good exercise and encourages outdoor physical activity for people of all ages.

9 a.m. – 4 p.m. – Craft Vendors

9 a.m.- 5 p.m. –Recruiters Static Displays

10 a.m. – 6 p.m. – Food and Beverages

10 a.m. – 12 p.m. – Radio Station W100 broadcasts from Fest Site

10 a.m. – 2 p.m. – Happy Wanderers (Oompha Band)

11 a.m. The first Beer will be tapped (poured).  The official Army War College beer will also be unveiled.

12 p.m. – Bratwurst Eating Contest

12 p.m. – 4 p.m. Hot Air Balloon (tethered) rides

12 p.m. – 5 p.m. – Paint Ball

12 p.m. - 5 p.m. – Children's Games

12 p.m. - 5 p.m. – Caricature Artist

12 p.m. - 5 p.m. – Pony Rides

12 p.m. - 5 p.m. – Moon Bounce

1 p.m. – Polka Dance Demo

2 p.m. – Best Bavarian Costume Contest (Adult/Child)

2 p.m. – 6 p.m. – Cheap Sneakers

3 p.m. - International Fellows vs. the Olde Boys of Chester County Soccer Game

Map of the Oktoberfest grounds.

Lt. Gen. Rick Lynch. IMCOM Commander
From the IMCOM Commander: Safety

ARLINGTON, Va. - As Commanding General of Installation Management Command, the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management and the co-chair of the Services and Infrastructure Core Enterprise, my installation management and safety responsibilities extend beyond the boundaries of IMCOM.

My Commander's Intent is to provide the facilities, programs and services required to support Army readiness, sustain the all-volunteer force and provide the infrastructure for current and future mission requirements. Safety is key to accomplishing my intent. It involves the prevention of material loss, but the focus is really on saving lives. Each loss, whether in combat or in the garrison, has an impact on our force.

In September I spoke at the Army Senior Safety Tactical Symposium. It was my opportunity to say "thank you" to almost 500 safety professionals for the work they do to keep Soldiers, Civilians and Families safe. Their work impacts the conditions in which we train, work, live and play, both on duty and off duty. This includes driver training, home safety, child and family safety, weather conditions assessment, fire prevention, hazardous material handling, and weapons and range safety, to name just a few ways in which their work touches our daily lives.

I thanked them for their continuing diligence, their continuing efforts to monitor trends and address issues to prevent loss. A recent example was a six-month Army-wide fire safety campaign in 2009. The campaign was launched to reverse the increasing number of military housing and facility fires, and succeeded in netting more than $20 million in cost avoidance in the second half of the year. An ongoing example is a motor vehicle and motorcycle traffic safety program that is contributing to a downward trend in accidental fatalities. We are at the lowest level in more than seven years, and other military services are looking at our model.

So we can point to examples of how our Safety Program is working. However, as I said to the safety professionals, for whose work I am truly grateful, we can never become complacent or act as if what we are doing is good enough, as long as we are still losing lives through senseless, preventable accidents.

Everyone is a safety officer. Everyone has an obligation to look out for themselves and the Soldiers, Civilians and Families around them. The requirements are in place - we have The Army Safety Program, AR 385-10 and IMCOM's Safety Program Regulation - so we need to make sure we act on them. In order to improve our safety efforts, there are six things I ask us all to consider:

First, we will not cut corners or funds to save money at the expense of our Safety Program. It is fundamentally unwise to do so. Why would we want to negatively affect a program that saves lives? Rather than cutting corners to save money, we should put money toward the right resources in order to improve the Safety Program. In doing so, we will have a positive impact in keeping the Army Family intact .

Second, when we allocate resources for Safety Programs, we need to make sure to reach all members of the Army Family, not just active-duty Soldiers. Funds need to be allocated for our Safety Programs to reach Soldiers of all components, retirees, Civilians and all their Families. Only by reaching every member of our communities can we instill a culture that puts safety first - a culture that protects our Army Family and keeps the Army mission ready.

Third, everyone must support the Senior Commanders as they are responsible for the life of every Soldier, Civilian and Family member on their installation. Everyone must embrace the Safety Program and be actively involved. While the Commander is the one ultimately responsible for mission accomplishment and the safety of people and resources assigned to him or her, all of us must know the Safety Program and carry it out to standard. The Safety Program is the Commander's program and all of us are safety officers.

Fourth, I have been a motorcycle driver my entire adult life and have never had a motorcycle accident. I firmly believe that it is not a matter of luck, but preparation. I drive my motorcycle only if I have the right frame of mind, the right protective equipment and a planned route.

Many people label motorcycles as unsafe. However, it is not the motorcycle that is unsafe, it is the driver. That is why leaders need to make sure the appropriate safety training is available prior to a new rider driving a motorcycle. It is not smart for an untrained motorcycle driver to drive his or her new motorcycle on post in order to learn how to operate it properly. Motorcycle driving simulators are necessary and should be made available at every IMCOM installation.

Fifth, the Installation Management Campaign Plan 2.0 is being launched this month at the Garrison Commanders' Conference in San Antonio, Texas. The plan's Line of Effort on Safety charges commanders and other leaders to lead the way in changing behavior to prevent accidents, and to empower Soldiers, Civilians and Families at all levels to speak up when they see someone ignoring safety rules or doing something risky. Safety is everyone's business, and it is our responsibility to ensure safe performance in all we do. Everyone will be held accountable for accident prevention. The LOE calls for providing effective POV safety programs; heightening safety awareness; employing hazard control measures; requiring and promoting safe, healthy practices; and support for the Senior Commander.

Sixth, I challenge all of you to look at the IMCP's Safety LOE and ask yourselves, "What are we missing?" I often mention the 80 percent solution as being good enough to proceed, but this LOE is an instance when we need to keep aiming for 100 percent. We cannot be satisfied as long as we have a single accident. If safety requirements are not adequate, we will improve them. If we are doing something ineffective out there, we will stop. But if no one tells me, we cannot correct the issue. I need your input.

When we think about the Safety Program, we should not focus on saving money. We should not concentrate our efforts on finding different ways to reduce costs, but on how to make our Safety Program better. It is about saving the lives of our Army Family. That is the passion every individual must pursue. When you practice safety and teach others about safety, you are saving lives - and I cannot think of a higher calling.

Dunham Clinic supports National Depression Screening Day, Oct. 7 

Not all wounds are physical. Depression, PTSD and related mood disorders cannot be seen on an x-ray. Yet mental illness is just as painful. And the stigma associated with the disease often prevents many from seeking help and getting treated.

Depression is treatable. Get screened. Seek care.

Clinical depression is a serious medical condition that, if left untreated, may lead to other complicated medical conditions. Seeking treatment for a medical condition is not a sign of weakness. It may prevent a good Soldier from becoming a casualty.

Major depressive disorder affects some 14.8 million people in the United States, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

Signs and symptoms of depression may include sadness, loss of interest in things you once enjoyed, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, restlessness, withdrawing from friends and Family or trouble concentrating or making decisions.

Depression also may produce body aches and pains, irritability, anxiety, over eating or loss of appetite or thoughts of suicide or death.

Unfortunately, many people believe their symptoms are a normal part of life. Two-thirds of people who suffer from depression fail to seek the care needed.

The truth is, more than 80 percent of clinical depression cases can be treated effectively with medication, psychotherapy or both.

Often, the first step to recovery is a depression screening.

Anonymous depression screenings are available:   The screening site will offer information about how to find local resources.

Check out you'll find a host of learning tools and resources.  Videos address many topics, including "Dealing with alcohol," "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder" and  "Being the Spouse Left Behind."  Through a series of interviews and acted scenarios, the vdieos reassure viewers that no one is alonge -- there is help for everyone.   And, that help is identified: military referrals that show you where to turn to for help and support.

There's nothing to lose and much information and understanding to gain:

For more information, see,,


DoD transcript

Secretary Gates Lecture at Duke University: All-Volunteer Force

 President Brodhead for that very generous introduction and thank you for your warm welcome.  It’s a relief to be back on a university campus and not have to worry about football.  The first fall I was President of Texas A&M, I had to fire a longtime football coach.  I told the media at the time that I had overthrown the governments of medium-sized countries with less controversy.

I’d be remiss in not pointing out one major connection between Duke and the military – that Mike Krzyzewski attended, played for, and later coached at West Point.  Earlier this year the Duke Basketball team came to Washington to receive President Obama’s congratulations for the NCAA championship.  Coach K also brought the team by the Pentagon to see the 9/11 memorial and meet with some of the men and women in uniform.  I think I can speak for everyone they saw in saying that the visit was much appreciated.

For the undergraduates here, I know you’re well-accustomed to the challenge of staying awake through long lectures.  I promise I won’t test your endurance too much this evening.  It does remind me though of the time when George Bernard Shaw told a famous orator he had 15 minutes to speak.  The orator protested, “How can I possibly tell them all I know in 15 minutes?”  Shaw replied, “I advise you to speak slowly”.

As a former university president, visiting a college campus carries a special meaning for me.  It was not that long ago that my days and duties were made up of things like fundraising, admissions policies, student and faculty parking, dealing with the state legislature, alumni, deans, and the faculty.  In that latter case, as a number of college presidents have learned the hard way, when it comes to dealing with faculty – and I would say especially tenured faculty– it’s either be nice or be gone. 

Some of my warmest memories of Texas A&M are of walking around the 48,000 student campus and talking to students – most of them between 18 and 24 years old – seeing them out on their bikes, even occasionally studying and going to class.  For nearly four years now, I have been in a job that also makes me responsible for the well-being of an larger number of young people in the same 18- to 24-year old age group.

But instead of wearing J-Crew they wear body armor.  Instead of carrying book bags they are carrying assault rifles.  And a number of them – far too many– will not come home to their parents. 

These young men and women – all of whom joined knowing what would be asked of them – represent the tip of the spear of a military that has been at war for nearly a decade – the longest sustained combat in American history.  The Iraq and Afghan campaigns represent the first protracted, large-scale conflicts since our Revolutionary War fought entirely by volunteers.  Indeed, no major war in our history has been fought with a smaller percentage of this country’s citizens in uniform full-time – roughly 2.4 million active and reserve service members out of a country of over 300 million, less than one percent.

This tiny sliver of America has achieved extraordinary things under the most trying circumstances.  It is the most professional, the best educated, the most capable force this country has ever sent into battle.  Yet even as we appreciate, and sometimes marvel at, the performance of this all-volunteer force, I think it important at this time – before this audience – to recognize that this success has come at significant cost.  Above all, the human cost, for the troops and their families.  But also cultural, social, and financial costs in terms of the relationship between those in uniform and the wider society they have sworn to protect.

So for the next few minutes, I’d like to discuss the state of America’s all-volunteer force, reflecting on its achievements while at the same time considering the dilemmas and consequences that go with having so few fighting our wars for so long.  These are issues that must be acknowledged, and in some cases dealt with, if we are going to sustain the kind of military America needs in this complex and, I believe, even more dangerous 21st century.  

First, some brief historical context.  From America’s founding until the end of World War II, this country maintained small standing armies that would be filled out with mass conscription in the case of war.  Consider that in the late 1930s, even as World War II loomed, the U.S. Army ranked 17th in the world in size, right behind Romania.  That came to an end with the Cold War, when America retained a large, permanent military by continuing to rely on the draft even in peacetime. 

Back then, apart from heroism on the battlefield, the act of simply being in the military was nothing extraordinary or remarkable.  It was not considered a sign of uncommon patriotism or character.  It was just something a healthy young man was expected to do if called upon, just as his father and grandfather had likely done in the two world wars.   

Among those who ended up in the military in those early years of the Cold War were people like Elvis Presley and Willie Mays, movie stars, future congressmen, and business executives.  The possibility of being drafted encouraged many to sign up so they could have more control over their fate.  As I can speak from personal experience, the reality of military service – and whether to embrace it, avoid it, or delay it – was something most American men at some point had to confront.

The ethos of service, reinforced by the strong arm of compulsion, extended to elite settings as well.  A prominent military historian once noted that of his roughly 750 classmates in the Princeton University class of 1956, more than 400 went on to some form of military service – a group that included a future Harvard President, a governor of Delaware, and Pulitzer Prize winning reporter for the New York Times.  That same year, more than 1,000 cadets were trained by Stanford University’s ROTC program. 

The controversy associated with the Vietnam War and the bitterness over who avoided the draft and who did not, led to a number of major changes in our military and in American society.  One of them was the end of conscription and the beginning of the All-Volunteer Force under President Nixon.

Over the past four decades, after a difficult transition period during the 1970s, the all-volunteer experiment has proven to be a remarkable success.  The doubts – and there were many inside and outside the military – were largely overcome.  Indeed, the United States would not be able to sustain complex, protracted missions like Iraq and Afghanistan at such a high standard of military performance without the dedication of seasoned professionals who chose to serve – and keep on serving.  Whatever shortcomings there may have been in Iraq and Afghanistan stemmed from failures and miscalculations at the top, not those doing the fighting and the leading on the ground.  It has taken every ounce of our troops’ skill, initiative and commitment to battle a cunning and adaptive enemy at the front while overcoming bureaucratic lassitude and sometimes worse at the rear.

A key factor in this success is experience.  Consider that, according to one study, in 1969 less than 20 percent of enlisted Army soldiers had more than four years of experience.  Today, it is more than 50 percent.  Going back to compulsory service, in addition to being politically impossible, is highly impractical given the kinds of technical skills, experience, and attributes needed to be successful on the battlefield in the 21st century.  For that reason, reinstituting the draft is overwhelmingly opposed by the military’s leadership.   

Nonetheless, we should not ignore the broader, long-term consequences of waging these protracted military campaigns employing – and re-employing – such a small portion of our society in the effort.

First, as a result of the multiple deployments and hardships associated with Afghanistan and Iraq, large swaths of the military – especially our ground combat forces and their families – are under extraordinary stress.  The all volunteer force conceived in the 1970s was designed to train, prepare, and deploy for a major – and quick – conventional conflict – either against the Soviet Union on the plains of Central Europe or a contingency such as the first gulf war against Iraq in 1991.  In that instance – and I remember it well as I was Deputy National Security Advisor at the time – more than half a million U.S. troops were deployed, fought, and mostly returned home within one year.

By contrast, the recent post-9/11 campaigns have required prolonged, persistent combat and support from across the military.  Since the invasion of Iraq, more than 1 million soldiers and Marines have been deployed into the fight.  The Navy has put nearly 100,000 sailors on the ground while maintaining its sea commitments around the globe.  And the Air Force, by one count, has been at war since 1991, when it first began enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq.

U.S. troops and their families have held up remarkably well given the demands and pressures placed upon them.  With the exception of the Army during the worst stretch of the Iraq war, when it fell short of recruiting targets and some measures of quality declined, all of the services have consistently met their active recruiting and retention goals.  In some cases the highest propensity to re-enlist is found in units that are in the fight.  When I visited Camp Lejeune last year – a Marine Corps base about 150 miles from Durham – an officer told me about one unit whose assignment was switched from Japan to Afghanistan.  As a result, about 100 Marines who were planning to get out of the military decided to sign up again so they could deploy with their buddies. 

The camaraderie and commitment is real.  But so is the strain.  On troops, and especially on their families.  I know – I hear it directly during my trips to Army and Marine bases across this country, where spouses and children have had their resilience tested by the long and frequent absences of a father, mother, husband or wife.  

There are a number of consequences that stem from the pressure repeated of deployments – especially when a service member returns home sometimes permanently changed by their experience.  These consequences include more anxiety and disruption inflicted on children, increased domestic strife and a corresponding rising divorce rate, which in the case of Army enlisted has nearly doubled since the wars began.  And, most tragically, a growing number of suicides. 

While we often speak generally of a force under stress, in reality, it is certain parts of the military that have borne the brunt of repeat deployments and exposure to fire – above all, junior and mid-level officers and sergeants in ground combat and support specialties.  These young men and women have seen the complex, grueling, maddening face of asymmetric warfare in the 21st century up close.  They’ve lost friends and comrades.  Some are struggling psychologically with what they’ve seen, and heard and felt on the battlefield.  And yet they keep coming back.

This cadre of young regular and non-commissioned officers represents the most battle-tested, innovative and impressive generation of military leaders this country has produced in a very long time.  These are the people we need to retain and lead the armed forces in the future.  But no matter how patriotic, how devoted they are, at some point they will want to have the semblance of a normal life – getting married, starting a family, going to college or graduate school, seeing their children grow up – all of which they have justly earned.

Measures such as growing the size of the Army and Marines, increasing what we call “dwell time” at home, drawing down in Iraq, and beginning a gradual transition next year in Afghanistan should reduce this stress over time.  Properly funded support programs to help troops and families under duress – the kind championed by our First Lady – can also make a difference.   But in reality, the demands on a good part of our military will continue for years to come.  And, it begs the question:  How long can these brave and broad young shoulders carry the burden that we – as a military, as a government, as a society – continue to place on them?

There is also a question – and it is an uncomfortable and politically fraught question – of the growing financial costs associated with an all-volunteer force.  Just over the past decade – fueled by increasing health costs, pay raises, and wartime recruiting and retention bonuses – the amount of money the military spends on personnel and benefits has nearly doubled:  From roughly $90 billion in 2001 to just over $170 billion this year out of a $534 billion budget.  The health care component has grown even faster, from $19 billion a decade ago to more than $50 billion this year, a portion of that total going to working-age retirees whose premiums and co-pays have not been increased in some 15 years. 

To be clear, we must spare no expense to compensate or care for those who have served and suffered on the battlefield.  That is our sacred obligation.  But given the enormous fiscal pressures facing the country, there is no avoiding the challenge this government, indeed this country faces, to come up with an equitable and sustainable system of military pay and benefits that reflects the realities of this century.  A system generous enough to recruit and retain the people we need and to do right by those who’ve served – but not one that puts the Department of Defense on the same path as other industrial age organizations that sank under the weight of their personnel costs.

The political resistance to confronting these costs is understandable, given the American people’s gratitude towards their countrymen who have chosen to serve.  The nation has come a long way from the late 1960s and early 1970s, when too many returning Vietnam veterans were met with sullen indifference and often much worse – especially in cosmopolitan or academic enclaves.  Today, in airports all over the country, troops returning or leaving for Afghanistan or Iraq receive standing ovations from other passengers.  Welcome home parades, letters and care-packages, free meals, drinks, and sports tickets – all heartfelt signs of appreciation large and small that bridge the political divide.  Veterans of our wars are also welcomed to campuses all across America as they return to school.

It is also true, however, that whatever their fond sentiments for men and women in uniform, for most Americans the wars remain an abstraction.  A distant and unpleasant series of news items that does not affect them personally.  Even after 9/11, in the absence of a draft, for a growing number of Americans, service in the military, no matter how laudable, has become something for other people to do.  In fact, with each passing decade fewer and fewer Americans know someone with military experience in their family or social circle.  According to one study, in 1988 about 40 percent of 18 year olds had a veteran parent.  By 2000 the share had dropped to 18 percent, and is projected to fall below 10 percent in the future.

In broad demographic terms, the Armed Forces continue to be largely representative of the country as a whole – drawing predominantly from America’s working and middle classes.  There are disparities when it comes to the racial composition of certain specialties and ranks, especially the most senior officers.  But in all, the fears expressed when the all-volunteer force was first instituted – that the only people left willing to serve would be the poorest, the worst educated, the least able to get any other job – simply did not come to pass.  As I alluded to earlier, that group would be hard pressed to make it into a force that is, on average, the most educated in history.  Where virtually all new enlistees have a high school diploma or equivalent – about 15 percent more than their civilian peers – and nearly all officers have bachelors’ degrees, many have Masters, and a surprising number, like General David Petraeus, have PhDs.  At the same time, an ever growing portion of America’s 17 to 24 year olds – about 75% – are simply ineligible or unavailable to serve for a variety of reasons – but above all health and weight problems in an age of spiraling childhood obesity. 

Having said that, the nearly four decades of all-volunteer force has reinforced a series of demographic, cultural, and institutional shifts affecting who is most likely to serve and from where.  Studies have shown that one of the biggest factors in propensity to join the military is growing up near those who have or are serving.  In this country, that propensity to serve is most pronounced in the South and the Mountain West, and in rural areas and small towns nationwide – a propensity that well exceeds these communities’ portion of the population as a whole.  Concurrently, the percentage of the force from the Northeast, the West Coast, and major cities continues to decline.  I am also struck by how many young troops I meet grew up in military families, and by the large number of our senior officers whose children are in uniform – including the recent commander of all U.S. Forces in Iraq whose son was seriously wounded in the war. 

The military’s own basing and recruiting decisions have reinforced this growing concentration among certain regions and families.  With limited resources, the services focus their recruiting efforts on candidates where they are most likely to have success – with those who have friends, classmates, and parents who have already served.  In addition, global basing changes in recent years have moved a significant percentage of the Army to posts in just five states:  Texas, Washington, Georgia, Kentucky, and here in North Carolina.  For otherwise rational environmental and budgetary reasons, many military facilities in the northeast and on the west coast have been shut down, leaving a void of relationships and understanding of the armed forces in their wake.  

This trend also affects the recruiting and educating of new officers.  The state of Alabama, with a population of less than 5 million, has 10 Army ROTC host programs.  The Los Angeles metro area, population over 12 million, has four host ROTC programs.  And the Chicago metro area, population 9 million, has 3.  It makes sense to focus on places where space is ample and inexpensive, where candidates are most inclined sign up and pursue a career in uniform.  But there is a risk over time of developing a cadre of military leaders that politically, culturally, and geographically have less and less in common with the people they have sworn to defend.    

I’d like to close by speaking about another narrow sliver of our population, those attending and graduating from our nation’s most selective and academically demanding universities, such as Duke.  In short, students like many of you.  Over the past generation many commentators have lamented the absence of ROTC from the Ivy League and other selective universities.  Institutions that used to send hundreds of graduates into the armed forces, but now struggle to commission a handful of officers every year.  University faculty and administrators banned ROTC from many elite campuses during the Vietnam War and continued to bar the military based on the Don’t Ask Don’t Tell law – with Duke being a notable and admirable exception with your three host programs.  I am encouraged that several other comparable universities – with the urging of some of their most prominent alumni, including the President of the United States – are at least re-considering their position on military recruiting and officer training – a situation that has been neither good for the academy or the country.

But a return of ROTC back to some of these campuses will not do much good without the willingness of our nation’s most gifted students to step forward.  Men and women such as you.  

One does not need to look too hard to find Duke exemplars of selflessness and sacrifice.  Consider the story of Jonathan Kuniholm, currently a Duke graduate student in biomedical engineering, who lost part of his arm as Marine reservist in Iraq.  Now he is putting his experience and expertise to work designing new prosthetics – work that will help other amputees in and out of uniform.

There is Eric Greitens, class of 1996, Rhodes Scholar, Navy Seal.  After narrowly missing injury himself during a mission in Iraq, he came back home and founded the nonprofit “The Mission Continues” to help wounded troops and veterans continue serving in some capacity.

And last year, when it came time to reshape and reform the half-trillion dollar enterprise known as the Department of Defense, the person whose counsel I relied on to make the toughest budget decisions was Lieutenant General Emo Gardner,  career Marine Corps aviator, Duke class of 1973.

No doubt, when it comes to military service, one can’t hide from the downsides:  The frustration of grappling with a huge, and frequently obtuse bureaucracy.  Frequent moves to places that aren’t exactly tourist destinations or cultural hubs.  Separation from loved ones.  The fatigue, loneliness and fear on a distant dusty outpost thousands of miles from home.  And then there is the danger and the risk.

Next to the sidewalk between your chapel and the divinity school there is an unobtrusive stone wall.  For decades the only names on it were your alumni killed in World War II.  Last October 54 names were added to the wall for those Duke men and women who died in the wars since then, including two who made the ultimate sacrifice in Iraq. 

Matthew Lynch, class of 2001, champion swimmer, following in his father's footsteps as a United States Marine. 

And, James Regan, class of 2002, son of an investment banker who turned down offers from a financial services firm and a law [school] to join the army rangers.

But beyond the hardship and heartbreak – and they are real – there is another side to military service.  That is the opportunity to be given extraordinary responsibility at a young age – not just for lives of your troops, but for missions and decisions that may change the course of history.  In addition to being in the fight, our young military leaders in Iraq and Afghanistan, have to one degree or another found themselves dealing with development, governance, agriculture, health, and diplomacy.  They’ve done all this at an age when many of their peers are reading spreadsheets and making photocopies.  And that is why, I should add, they are often in such high demand with future employers and go on to do great things  in every walk of life.    

So I would encourage you and all young Americans, especially those at the most selective universities who may not have considered the military, to do so.  To go outside your comfort zone and take a risk in every sense of the word.  To expand what you thought you were capable of doing when it comes to leadership, responsibility, agility, selflessness, and above all, courage.

For those for whom military service is neither possible nor the right thing for whatever reason, please consider how you can give back to the country that has given us all so much.  Think about what you can do to earn your freedom – freedom paid for by those whose names are on that Duke wall and in veterans’ cemeteries across this country and across the world.

I would leave you with one of my favorite quotes from John Adams.  In a letter that he sent to his son, he wrote, “Public business, my son, must always be done by somebody.  It will be done by somebody or another.  If wise men decline it, others will not; if honest men refuse it, others will not.”

Will the wise and honest here at Duke come help us do the public business of America?  Because, if America’s best and brightest young people will not step forward, who then can we count on to protect and sustain the greatness of this country in the 21st century?

Thank you.