Banner Archive for January 2017


Budget act includes changes to Army sexual assault policy

WASHINGTON (Army News Service) -- Changes to the law covering the review of discharges, the definition of sexual harassment and reporting requirements for the Department of Defense have taken effect.

Many of the changes in the law reflect practices already adopted by DOD, according to Col. Walter M. Hudson, chief of the Army's Criminal Law Division in the Office of the Judge Advocate General. The changes came about when the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2017 was signed into law by the president Dec. 23, Hudson said.

The new NDAA is now codified in Title 10 of the United States Code and Public Law. The following are some of the changes that were legislated:


Former Soldiers with claims of post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury in connection with combat or sexual trauma as a basis for their discharge can now provide medical evidence from the Department of Veterans Affairs or civilian health care providers to discharge review boards as a possible means to upgrade their discharge status. The board is instructed to give "liberal consideration" to that evidence.

Through enhanced public outreach, engagement with veterans' service organizations, military service organizations, and other outside groups, as well as direct outreach to individual veterans, the DOD encourages all veterans who believe they have experienced an error or injustice to request relief from their service's Board for Correction of Military/Naval Records or Discharge Review Board.

For discharge upgrades, if the discharge was less than 15 years ago, veterans should complete DD Form 293 (included in the related links section below) and send it to their service's discharge review board (the address is on the form). For discharges over 15 years ago, veterans should complete the DD Form 149 (also included in the related links section below) and send it to the address on the form.


The definition of sexual harassment that triggers a command investigation will no longer be limited to "the work environment." It will simply be "the environment," meaning it could take place anywhere and at any time. This change reflects current training that advises Soldiers that they can be held accountable for acts of harassment that occur off post or during off-duty hours.


All personnel who are tasked to investigate claims of retaliation by Soldiers reporting sexual assault will receive special training on the nature and consequences of both the retaliation as well as the sexual assault trauma. Those receiving the training are personnel of the Criminal Investigation Service or CID, Inspector General offices, and anyone assigned by a commander to investigate claims of retaliation made by or against members of the command.

Alleged victims of sexual assault who report retaliation will receive in writing the results of the retaliation investigation.


The services currently provide annual reports regarding the number of complaints of retaliation in connection with reporting of sexual assaults. Going forward, those reports will be much more detailed, including a description of the complaint, demographic information on the complainant and alleged retaliator, and the results of any investigation.

USAWC students address Just War, national security topics in Commandant's Reading Program

James Dubik returned to the Army War College, this time for an in-depth discussion of his book, Just War Reconsidered.  He noted, with a smile, that his book had benefited from the insights of selected members of the USAWC Class of 2013 during his tenure here as the Gen. Omar N. Bradley Chair of Strategic Leadership. While writing the book, he said, he’d honed his ideas with the military professionals for whom his insights are intriguing, at least, and mandatory reading, at best.

Retired Lt. Gen. James Dubik, center, listens with CRP students to Maj. Gen. Bill Rapp's (far right) orientation to the plan for thoughtful dialogue and camaraderie.

His return engagement was for the Commandant’s Reading Program, Jan. 19. In a relaxed setting in front of the fire in the commandant’s home, about two dozen students and their faculty advisors gathered for a two-hour discussion of his exploration of a perceived gap. He argues that the principle, ‘jus in bello,’ should be applied to the role of senior military and civilian leaders engaged in the decisions of waging war at the strategic level.

Taking questions and offering details about his logic, his choice of examples, and his conclusions, Dubik gave a behind-the-scenes opportunity to consider the strategic decisions associated with waging war, and why it matters. Not only should the warfighters be subject to international principles of just war, but so too should those who make decisions about objectives, resourcing, priorities, and more.

For students enrolled in the Commandant’s Reading Program elective, their six author engagements are quite unlike a series of book store-sponsored events.  Shared interests and a carefully selected series of linked issues create an educational opportunity to confront long-held assumptions and experience-based conclusions. The authors are drawn from academic and practitioner fields: historian, political scientist, political advisor, senior military officer, and hybrid expertise.

Students of the Commandant's Reading Program write reviews for the selected books, applying their own experience and education, and the ideas raised in discussion with the authors.

The CRP elective demonstrates the multiplicative effect of the seminar experience at Carlisle, where every student brings to seminar dialogue not only their prior experience but the new learning made possible by electives, noontime lectures, and knowledge gleaned by each student in developing their individual Strategy Research Projects. Although less than 10 percent of the student body are CRP participants, they bring their new thinking into the seminar to share with fellow students.

Right: CRP students and faculty listen to Emma Sky about the pol-mil efforts in Iraq.

To date, the CRP students have probed the ideas of a former British political advisor to US military leaders, Emma Sky; political scientist Michael Mandelbaum; and retired Lt. Gen. James Dubik. Scheduled during upcoming months for discussions in Carlisle, New York City, and D.C. are historian Andrew Bacevich; news and opinion TV host Rachel Maddow; and scholar-practitioner Eliot Cohen.


Civilian Students’ chili cook-off competition to delight Army War College community

Has the chill of winter left you feeling blue? Are you looking to spice things up and put a little fire back into your weekend? Good news chili connoisseurs the Civilian Students’ chili cook-off competition will delight the Army War College community Feb. 10.


The Army War College Civilian Students Class of 2017 will host a sports tailgate themed chili cook-off competition at the Letort View Community Center on Friday Feb. 10 from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. 

The cost of this event is $20 per adult, and interested partakers can purchase tickets from their seminar’s civilian representatives until Feb. 1.

Entertainment at the event will include a DJ, line dancing lessons, and an optional seminar chili cook-off competition.

The entry fee to compete in the chili cook-off is $10 per entry. There is a limit of two entries per seminar, and entries for the competition must be made at the LVCC by Feb. 1.

The USAWC Civilian hosted chili cook-off will award prizes for the best chili and best decorated seminar table. The civilian students will also give prizes away at the door.

Ashburn Gate Closed Feb. 18-20
The Ashburn Drive Gate will be closed Feb. 18-20 for Presidents Day Holiday. It will re-open at 6:30 a.m., Feb. 21.

Defense Department revamps Civilian RIF process, emphasizing performance

WASHINGTON, Jan. 26, 2017 — Performance will be the primary factor in the future if the Defense Department has to resort to a civilian reduction in force, DoD officials said today.

The department revamped the rules for the reduction-in-force process as a result of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2016.

That law requires the department to establish procedures to provide that, in any reduction in force of civilian positions in the competitive or excepted service, the determination of which employees shall be separated from employment shall be made primarily on basis of performance.

Reduction in Force

A reduction in force, or RIF, as it is known, is the term used when the government lays off employees. The RIF procedures determine whether an employee keeps his or her present position, whether the employee has a right to a different position or whether the employee must be let go.

In the past, tenure was the primary factor when making RIF calculations. Now, an employee’s performance rating of record will carry the greatest weight followed by tenure group, performance average score, veterans’ preference and DoD service computation date-RIF.

“The DoD civilian workforce is one of the department’s most important assets,” said Julie Blanks, acting assistant secretary of defense for civilian personnel policy. “However, there are times when the department must make difficult decisions that impact our civilians, and in doing so, it is imperative these decisions result in our continued ability to seamlessly execute our national security mission. When circumstances necessitate a RIF, the department must ensure we are retaining our highest performing employees.”

Changes Apply to All

The changes will apply to almost all of DoD’s 750,000 civilian employees. This change in the RIF process only applies to DoD. The governmentwide provisions that rank four retention factors by tenure of employment; veterans’ preference; length of service; and performance remain in place for other federal agencies.

Under the new system, if an agency is forced to employ a RIF, employees will be placed on a retention register based on periods of assessed performance of 12 months or more or less than 12 months. The idea is to give an equitable comparison for employees whose performance has been assessed over a comparable period of time.

The first retention factor is rating of record. The rating of record is the average drawn from the two most recent performance appraisals received by the employee within the four-year period preceding the cutoff date for the RIF.

The second factor is tenure group. There are three tenure groups, with group III being temporary or term employees, these employees will be ranked at the bottom of the retention register below groups I and II.

Tenure group I and II employees are those serving on permanent appointments. Tenure group I includes employees who are not on probation and whose appointments are not career-conditional.

Tenure group II employees are those hired into permanent appointments in a career-conditional or probationary status. In general, tenure group II employees must have three years of creditable service and meet all other stated conditions of their probationary period in order to attain Tenure group I status. Tenure group I will be ranked above employees in tenure group II within each rating of record group.

Third Factor

The third factor is an employee’s average score. In general, an employee’s average score for one performance appraisal is derived by dividing the sum of the employee’s performance element ratings by the number of performance elements. For purposes of RIF, average score is the average of the average scores drawn from the two most recent performance appraisals received by the employee within the four year period preceding the “cutoff date” for the RIF.

Veterans’ preference is the fourth factor. “Veterans are a key part of the civilian workforce, representing a highly skilled, extremely well-qualified cadre of employees,” Blanks said. “The department firmly believes that highly performing veterans in the civilian workforce will not be disadvantaged by the new RIF policy.”

The final factor is the DoD service computation date-RIF, with those serving the longest having the edge.

DoD officials stress that a RIF is always the last resort for the department. They will do everything they can to mitigate the size of reductions, including the use of voluntary early retirement authority or voluntary separation incentive payments. Agencies will also use hiring freezes, termination of temporary appointments, and any other pre-RIF placement options.

The new DoD RIF policy and procedures are consistent with the implementation of the DoD Performance Management and Appraisal Program. This program standardizes the civilian performance appraisal system throughout the department.

Army War College inducts Norwegian General into the International Hall of Fame

Jan. 24, 2017 -- The U.S. Army War College acknowledged the achievements of one its former students: Chief of Staff of the Norwegian  Army, Maj. Gen. Odin Johannessen, whom the King in Council appointed in Oct. 2015.

“Maj. Gen. Johannessen exemplified the ideals of the Army War College through his actions and the leadership of his nation’s armed forces,” said Col. Rory Crooks the director of the International Fellows Program. “In doing so, he brought great credit to the International Fellows Program and reinforced the fact that armies around the world clearly send us their best and brightest officers.”

Maj. Gen. William Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College escorts Norwegian Maj. Gen. Odin Johannessen down the hall of flags after his induction to the International Fellow Hall of Fame, Bliss Hall, Jan. 24, 2017

As the 62nd International Fellow to be inducted into the International Fellows Hall of Fame, Johannessen spoke to the class of 2017 and faculty as well as colleagues from his class of 2011 gathered to honor him in a formal ceremony in Bliss Hall.

“I have faced challenges, and sometimes I have asked myself - is it really worth it,” said Maj. Gen. Johannessen. “But then there has always been this good hand at the back of my shoulders saying ‘hey, just divide the problem, think critically and you will see that there is answer’ it won’t come easy but you have to work on it, and keep on.”

Johannessen started his military career at the Infantry Officer Candidate School in 1981, and served at the School Company until he attended the Army Military Academy in 1983. After graduating from the Army Military Academy in 1986 he served in various positions in the Border Guard and Army Staff. His first tour abroad was in 1996 to 1998 as Operations Officer and Battalion second in command in Bosnia with the Implementation and later Stabilization Force.

Promoted to Lt. Col., Johannessen in 2001 and in 2004 took command of the Telemark Battalion, at the time the only fully professionalized Battalion in the Army. During this time his battalion deployed to Afghanistan as a Quick Reaction Force for the Regional Command North with ISAF / NATO.

Since attending the Army War College in 2011, Johannessen took command over Brigade North, the Norwegian Army’s largest unit. The Army promoted Johannessen to the rank of Maj. Gen. in 2014, the King in Council then appointed Johannessen as the chief of staff of the army in Oct. 2015.

Maj. Gen. William Rapp, Commandant U.S. Army War College applaudes Maj. Gen. Odin Johannessen's induction into the USAWC's International Hall of Fame, Bliss Hall, Jan. 24, 2017.

The USAWC established the International Fellows Program to promote a mutual understanding and good working relationship between senior U.S. officers and senior officers of select foreign countries -- to offer an opportunity for senior military officers from allied and friendly countries, to study, research, and write about subjects of significance to the security interest of the their own and allied nations; and to enrich the educational environment of the USAWC and to improve the International Fellows’ firsthand knowledge of U.S. culture and institution through study and travel in the United States.

Update: Pennsylvania granted limited extension for REAL ID enforcement to June 6, 2017

Jan. 19, 2017 -- UPDATE: According to the Department of Homeland Security’s webpage, Pennsylvania has a limited extension for REAL ID enforcement, allowing Federal agencies to accept driver's licenses from Pennsylvania until June 6, 2017.

Find the most current information concerning state-by-state compliance with the REAL ID Act -- HTTPS://WWW.DHS.GOV/CURRENT-STATUS-STATES-TERRITORIES


Visitors - Have a Pa. license? Make sure to secondary form of ID starting Jan. 30

Jan. 13, 2017 -- Starting January 30, this year, federal agencies and nuclear power plants may not accept for official purposes driver’s licenses and state IDs from a noncompliant state/territory without an extension. This will affect visitors to Carlisle Barracks.

Pennsylvania is currently among those states not in compliance with the 2005 Real ID Act, which requires "enhanced drivers licenses" to be issued by all states and US territories.

DoD identification cards meet the enhanced ID requirements.

Visitors who do not hold DoD ID cards, nor an enhanced driver ID from another state, will be asked for a secondary form of identification, selected from this list:

  • U.S. passport
  • Current car registration, proof of insurance or vehicle title
    Credit/Debit Card
  • Health/Dental Insurance Card
  • Medicare Card
  • Veterans Service Organization Card (VFW, AL, AMVETS etc.)
  • VA Health/Prescription card
  • Concealed Carry Weapons Permit
  • Sams/Cosco/BJ's membership etc. Card
  • Library Card
  • Security Clearance Badge
  • Building Badge
  • Employment/Company ID card
  • Student ID
  • SSN Card
  • Hunting/Fishing License
  • Union Membership Card
  • Professional License (Pilot, Beautician, Mechanic etc.)
  • Voter Registration Card
  • Selective Service Card
  • DD214/215
  • Birth/Baptism Certificate
  • School Transcript
  • Marriage Certificate
  • Pay Stub
  • Utility Bill
  • DHS trusted traveler cards (Global Entry, NEXUS, SENTRI, FAST)
  • U.S. military ID (active duty or retired military and their dependents, and DoD civilians)
  • Permanent resident card
  • Border crossing card
  • DHS-designated enhanced driver's license
  • Airline or airport-issued ID (if issued under a TSA-approved security plan)
  • Federally recognized, tribal-issued photo ID
  • HSPD-12 PIV card
  • Foreign government-issued passport
  • Canadian provincial driver's license or Indian and Northern Affairs Canada card
  • Transportation worker identification credential
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Employment Authorization Card (I-766)
  • U.S. Merchant Mariner Credential

A complete list of secondary identification means can be found here.

The REAL ID Act, passed by the United States Congress in 2005, enacted the 9/11 Commission’s recommendation that the Federal Government “set standards for the issuance of sources of identification, such as driver's licenses.” The Act established minimum security standards for license issuance and production and prohibits Federal agencies from accepting for certain purposes driver’s licenses and identification cards from states not meeting the Act’s minimum standards.  The purposes covered by the Act are: accessing Federal facilities, entering nuclear power plants, and, no sooner than 2016, boarding federally regulated commercial aircraft. 

Starting January 22, 2018, driver's licenses issued by non-compliant states will no longer be accepted at TSA checkpoints.

Find the most current information concerning state-by-state compliance with the REAL ID Act -- HTTPS://WWW.DHS.GOV/CURRENT-STATUS-STATES-TERRITORIES

Soldier-For-Life program keeps promise to servicemembers, families

The Soldier For Life mindset is a holistic approach to the military life cycle career of a Soldier. The Army aims to take care of teammates by ensuring Soldiers start strong, serve strong, and reintegrate strong so they remain Army Strong serving their communities after they leave the Army.

The Chief of Staff of the Army created the Soldier For Life office to enable Army, government and community efforts to facilitate successful reintegration of our Soldiers, veterans, and their families in order to keep them Army Strong and instill their values, ethos and leadership within communities.

Unemployment Compensation for Soldiers leaving the Army during fiscal year 2016 dropped to the lowest amount recorded in 13 years.

The Army ended the year at $172.8 million, according to the Department of Labor's unemployment compensation report.  Army expenditures had peaked in 2011, at $515 million. This is the first time expenditures dropped below $200 million since 2003.

In the last four years the Army has saved over $900 million in cost avoidance for unemployment compensation expenditures through programs like the IMCOM Soldier for Life Transition Assistance Program, which prepares Soldiers for finding employment in the civilian sector when they leave active service.

“The significant reduction in the Army’s bill for unemployment compensation, along with the reduction in the national Veteran unemployment rate, can be attributed to the diligence of the team of teams at IMCOM’s SFL-TAP centers who are selfless, passionate and dedicated to this important mission,” said IMCOM Command Sgt. Major Melissa Judkins.

At Carlisle Barracks this program assists transitioning service members in a variety of ways. One of the most visible are the Soldier For Life-Transition Assistance Programs, a five-day workshop hosted by Jeff Hanks, the Army Community Service Employment Readiness Employment Manager. As part of the workshop there are presentations made by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Pennsylvania Job Service, Veterans Employment Representative and the Career Link.

Due to increased demand, Carlisle Barracks will be offering monthly seminars starting in January. All SFL-TAP classes are held in from 8 a.m. - 4 p.m. unless otherwise noted. Location of the class is posted on the agenda when you receive your SFL-TAP Welcome letter and Agenda. These services are extended to spouses accompanied by their sponsors but must register also.For more information contact Army Community Service at (717) 245-4357 / 3684 or register at

This program is for all service members who are retiring or who will be ETS’ing in the next two years. Information on the civilian job market and military career alternatives will be discussed along with following topics:

  • Unemployment Compensation
  • Stress Management
  • Analyzing your Skills
  • Preparing the Right Resume
  • Interviewing
  • V.A. Education
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Benefits (to include completion of V.A. Forms)
  • State Employment Applications
  • Army Community Service Resource Center
  • Employer Panel

Also, available as part of the programs for Soldiers is the ACS Employment Readiness Program. The program aims to assist families with the challenges associated with the job search, particularly as they are impacted by the Army's mobile lifestyle. Carlisle Barracks ERP provides a full range of information and referral services and assistance in the areas of employment, training and volunteer opportunities. The services are designed to give all active duty, retired military personnel, DoD employees, and their Family members the competitive edge necessary to secure employment. For more information contact Jeffrey Hanks at 245-3684.

What does SFL-TAP do?

The Soldier For Life - Transition Assistance Program provides transitioning services to Soldiers who have completed at least 180 days of continuous active duty service.  SFL-TAP consists of comprehensive three-day workshops at selected IMCOM installations worldwide.  Professionally-trained facilitators from state employment service offices, military family support services, the Department of Labor and Department of Veterans Affairs present the workshops.

Soldiers learn about job searches, career decision-making, current occupational and labor market conditions, resume and cover letter preparation, and interviewing techniques.  

Participants are also provided with an evaluation of their employability relative to the job market and receive information on the most current Veterans’ benefits.

SFL-TAP remains a Commander's program that encourages the idea of going early and often to receive transition services in order to be more prepared for transition.  Soldiers are encouraged to start the program 18 months prior to their transition date or 24 months prior for retirees.  The earlier a Soldier starts the program, the better prepared they are for transition from active duty to the civilian sector.

Message to the Department of Defense from Secretary of Defense James Mattis


No. NR-020-17

Jan. 20, 2017

Message to the Department of Defense from Secretary of Defense James Mattis


It’s good to be back and I’m grateful to serve alongside you as Secretary of Defense.

Together with the Intelligence Community we are the sentinels and guardians of our nation. We need only look to you, the uniformed and civilian members of the Department and your families, to see the fundamental unity of our country. You represent an America committed to the common good; an America that is never complacent about defending its freedoms; and an America that remains a steady beacon of hope for all mankind.

Every action we take will be designed to ensure our military is ready to fight today and in the future. Recognizing that no nation is secure without friends, we will work with the State Department to strengthen our alliances. Further, we are devoted to gaining full value from every taxpayer dollar spent on defense, thereby earning the trust of Congress and the American people.

I am confident you will do your part. I pledge to you I’ll do my best as your Secretary.


Youth Services babysitter certification course set for February

Attention post youth – come learn some valuable and potentially life-saving skills that just might help you earn some extra money by attending the upcoming babysitter certification course.   

The Child & Youth Services course will be offered Feb. 4 & 11 at the McConnell Center. You must attend both days of the session to become certified. The class will run from noon to 6:30 p.m. on Feb. 4 (First Aid & CPR) and 12:15 p.m. to 5:15 p.m. on Feb. 11 (Babysitter Basics).

The course is open to CYSS members 13-18, but if spots remain after the initial registration, the class will be open to 12-year-olds who wish to participate until the class is full. There is no charge for the class but there is a minimum of 15 students to hold the class with a maximum of 20.

Participants will learn fire safety, developmental activities, how to identify child abuse and learn age appropriate activities they can do with the children and how to prepare healthy snacks. They will also receive CPR and first aid training.  

Those who complete the course can be placed on the Carlisle Barracks babysitting referral list and is encouraged for all babysitters. People interested in receiving a copy of the babysitting list can get one from Youth Services or the Moore Child Development Center.

Register early – space is limited. You can find a registration form here and completed forms are due to the McConnell Center by Jan. 27. For more information call (717) 245-4555.  


Military Family Program lecture series promotes financial planning

To increase awareness of the financial benefits available to military service members and their families the Military Family Program will host retired Army Col. George Doran, a certified financial planner, as he presents a noon-time family financial planning lecture series in Wil Washcoe Auditorium.

Remaining dates and topics in the series include; Investments on Jan. 10, Insurance on Jan 23, andEstate Management and Review on Feb. 2. 

The lectures begin at 11:45 a.m. and end at 12:30 p.m.

Designed to complement the one another, the lectures will cover specific factors in the development of a financial program and benefits available to military personnel and their families.

Specific investment, insurance plans and programs will not be covered.

Geographically separated spouses, USAWC Fellows and Distance Education Program students can view the lectures online as they happen at:

This workshop is open to the Carlisle Barracks community, and registration can be found online at

For more information, please contact the Military Family Program at 717-245-4787, or email

ISME honors Snider with lifetime achievement award for ethics

To say Dr. Don Snider had an impressive 54-year career in service to his country is an understatement. He was as an Army infantry officer in Vietnam for three combat tours. He served in the Reagan and Bush administrations while on the staff of the National Security Council. And, following his retirement as a colonel in the Army, he mentored the future leaders of the Army as a professor at West Point. These contributions alone make for a notable career.

It was at West Point however, when Snider’s career shifted to the Army’s renewed scholarly study of the military as a profession, to include its ethics and character development, that he began the work that would leave its lasting impression on the Army and the military profession.

Dr. Don Snider speaks from the podium in Bliss Hall at an award and retirement ceremony held in his honor Oct. 13, 2016.

This contribution to the understanding of the military as a profession is why the International Society for Military Ethics will honor Snider with their inaugural Brig. Gen. Malham Wakin Founder’s Award for Lifetime Achievement in Military Ethics, which the society will present to Snider at ceremony held in the District of Columbia on Jan. 26, 2017.

“I started out studying civ/mil relations as a political science,” said Snider.  “And I got interested in the mil side of civ/mil, because all the literature and the people studying in this field just assumed that the military was a bureaucracy.” 

Snider’s accomplishments include: leading a two-year effort to produce the first-ever doctrine on the U.S. Army as a military profession, assisting in the effort to redefine the Army’s professional ethic, and most recently published in the Winter 2015-2016 Parameters, “Will Army 2025 be a Military Profession?” He was also a senior fellow at the Center for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE).

“He has done more to help the members of the profession understand their profession than anyone else,” said Prof. Douglas Lovelace, director of the Strategic Studies Institute. Lovelace and Snider have known each other for 20 years, and first met while speaking at the same conference in the District of Columbia. “His major contribution is to help the profession understand itself, and the fact that it is a profession.” 

Dr. Don Snider addresses the audience gathered for his award and retirement ceremony held in Bliss Hall on Oct. 13, 2016.

Snider is now an Adjunct Research Professor at SSI and able to continue his research as volunteer. “It’s a way for the Army to capture some expertise on a part-time basis,” said Snider. “I can still contribute, as long as I’m current.”

“Nobody has been more absolutely stubborn and persistent in advocating and promoting this ideal, which has had a profound effect around the world, said Dr. George Lucas, president of the International Society for Military Ethics.

The International Society for Military Ethics named their inaugural award after Brig. Gen. Malham Wakin the retired head of the Air Force Academy’s Department of Philosophy. Wakin was a champion of military ethics and the founder of the International Society for Military Ethics said Lucas.

“I’m immensely humbled that I would get an award that’s named after Malham Wakin, because he has always been an idol of mine,” said Snider. “When I started this, he was the “dean” of ethicists.”

Marine Commandant discusses evolving operational environments with AWC students

As the world progresses and technology becomes more prevalent in our lives diverse operational concerns emerge, which, give our military leaders reason to pause as they prepare for the operational environment of 2025. Five of these drivers of change are complex terrains, contested domains, technology proliferation, information as a weapon and the battle of signatures.

Gen. Robert Neller, 37th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, addressed these drivers of change when he gave his insights into how the Marine Corps is innovating and adapting its operational concepts to prepare to meet these evolving threats as he addressed the student body of the U.S. Army War College in Bliss Hall on Jan 12.

Gen. Robert Neller, 37th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, sits to speak with the Marine Corps students of the Class of 2017. The discussion took place after a Neller’s lecture to the students of U.S. Army War College in Bliss Hall on Jan. 12.

“We’ve got to change … not that we haven’t done well, not that we haven’t distinguished ourselves in the last 15, 16 years, but if you’re not changing somebody else is gaining on you,” said Neller. “You can’t rest for a second, because our advisories and those that would do us harm they certainly have changed. They have developed an incredible capability.”

Neller also discussed the Marine Corps’ document The Marine Corps Operating Concept: How an Expeditionary Force Operates in the 21st Century, or MOC. The MOC is the first document produced by the Marine Corps to address how the force might operate in the future.

Gen. Robert Neller, 37th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, discusses five divers of change which face strategic leaders as they prepare for the operational environment of 2025. The discussion was part of a lecture given by Neller to the students of U.S. Army War College on Jan. 12.



“It’s how we’re going to try to change, not only the force structure, but the capabilities we have, how we educate, how we train and how we prepare the force to try to set ourselves up for how we’re going to operate in the future,” said Neller.

“Gen. Neller did a fantastic job of painting a picture of the future operating environment with his five drivers of change,” said Lt. Col. Mark Kappelmann, a student from Seminar 24. “I was stationed in Germany with U.S. Army Europe. In that theater we witnessed the budding of these five drivers and could see how they affected both partners and adversaries. The Commandant’s ability to convey the challenges of the future environment as these drivers mature was a good warning to those who argue against the need for a strong, ready and resilient military in the future, and a good roadmap for those of us who are practitioners of the military art.”

Sorrenti assumes command of Headquarters Detachment

The transfer of responsibility and command is a tradition that goes back to the earliest days of the Army. The tradition continued at Carlisle Barracks Jan. 11 as Capt. Shavayey Cato handed command of the Carlisle Barracks Headquarters Detachment to Capt. Jordan Sorrenti during a ceremony at the Letort View Community Center.

During the ceremony the company guidon was passed from Sgt. 1stClass Eric Towns, to Cato who handed them to Lt. Col. Greg Ank, garrison commander who then handed them to Sorrenti, to ensure that the unit and its Soldiers are never without official leadership, a continuation of trust, and also signifies an allegiance of Soldiers to their unit's commander.

The Soldiers of Carlisle Barracks support the Garrison and tenant organizations of the more than 260-year old installation. The HHD commander and his team provide support to the headquarters through the management of personnel training, military personnel actions and strength management, supply and services and Family Readiness programs for Soldiers assigned and attached to the Headquarters.

 “The Army does not train Soldiers to run and support military installations,” said Ank. “But it does develop leaders, leaders who are capable, innovative and motivated to handle the challenges of command. Captain Cato is one of those outstanding leaders. He exceled as a consummate professional leading people and managing programs.”

Cato thanked the Soldiers, employees and family members of Carlisle Barracks during his remarks.

“This has been the best assignment in the Army,” he said. “I want to thank the Soldiers and civilians here to create an environment for us to grow. What we do here is important, thanks for working hard to keep our country safe.”

Incoming commander Sorrenti thanked Cato for setting the conditions for continued success.

Department of State provides perspective to strategic education

Offering unique perspectives from careers spent abroad and outside the ranks of the military, Department of State foreign service officers play a vital role in teaching an understanding of diplomacy as a tool of national power and its role in foreign policy. These senior foreign service officers have attained senior grades equivalent to general officer rank in the military or to Senior Executive Service rank.

Daniel Shields, who served as the U.S. Ambassador to Brunei Darussalam from 2011 to 2014, is the diplomatic advisor to the commandant and senior Department of State official here at the U.S. Army War College. The Department of State presence includes two senior foreign service officers who teach core courses and electives as full time faculty of the School of Strategic Landpower, while another senior foreign service officers serves as an advisor to the Peace Keeping and Stability Operations Institute. Together, the three teach lessons pertaining to diplomacy, civilian/military relations, and interagency coordination.  

“Diplomacy education is one of the really important instruments of power and statecraft,” said Shields. “I think it’s possible for all of us who are interested in strategy to do better in terms of developing our understanding of diplomacy.”

“I think to be a strategic leader in the military you need to understand how things work when they aren’t going wrong, and what the other tools of national power are that youcan use to avoid going the military route, which is the optimal solution for everyone I think,” said Catherine Hill-Herndon, senior foreign service officers.

Diplomatic advisor to the commandant and senior Department of State official here at the U.S. Army War College, Daniel Shields sits down with senior foreign service officers Catherine Hill-Herndon and Tamara Fitzgerald to discuss their upcoming elective on the practice of diplomacy.



“The State officers have a different perspective,” Hill-Herndon said. “When you work mostly with the State Department overseas in an embassy you have a whole different perspective on the world than if you’re mostly deployed in conflict zones or in humanitarian assistance efforts. It’s just normal business. What does normal business look like? How do things get resolved, because there are crises every day that don’t necessarily get in the newspapers … but involve U.S. strategic interests … that the State Department and the other foreign affairs agencies overseas deal with, daily.”

Hill-Herndon is a graduate of resident class of 2010. She is a minister counselor in the Senior Foreign Service and joined the Foreign Service in 1985 as an economic officer.  Her most recent overseas assignment was as Deputy Chief of Mission in South Africa. 

“Our role in the war college is to provide the diplomatic perspective, which is very usefully different, I think, than the perspective you get from most of the other professors here,” said Mark Perry, a senior foreign service officers who contrasted his Department of State colleagues with their military and academic counterparts on faculty. “What about the practice of diplomacy, the practical application of American diplomacy? That’s the perspective we bring. We bring it to our seminars and, more broadly, each of us foreign service officers who are here also sit in when requested in electives or lessons that the other schools are offering, so we can share our perspective as broadly as possible.”

Mark Perry, a senior foreign service officers with many years of service in the field and key positions in the District of Columbia, and now serves as a faculty advisor in the Department of National Security Strategy with an emphasis on Eurasia studies.

To advance the dialogue on diplomacy education, the Army War College hosted recently a workshop in collaboration with the Department of State Foreign Service Institute, other war colleges from around the country, and institutions such as the Penn State School of International Affairs and the Institute for Diplomatic Study at Georgetown University.

“One of the lessons we successfully learned from our experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan is that the military and civilian elements of the government must work well together, and you can’t just leave it to chance that that’s going to happen. We need to have cross fertilization. We need to have opportunities to be working together earlier in our careers … introducing elements of civ/mil relations, the interagency process … so that as those people grow up in their careers they’re attuned to the importance of these things,” said Perry.

The Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute also has a State Dept. officer attached as an advisor.  Tamara Fitzgerald is a senior foreign service officer with 26 years of experience as a diplomat. She works on a variety of research projects with the three divisions within PKSOI, and currently assisting European Command and the Swedish Armed Forces on war gaming exercises related to stabilization. 

Diplomatic advisor to the commandant and senior Department of State official here at the U.S. Army War College, Daniel Shields, sits down with senior foreign service officers Tamara Fitzgerald and Mark Perry,  and USAID representative Ryan McCannell to discuss their collaboration on an upcoming elective to advance USAWC students’ understanding of diplomacy.



The Department of State puts emphasis on working with the U.N. to help restore stability in a number of places around the world. There is a great deal of interest by the Department of State in the work that PKSOI does. The International Organizations Bureau, which is mainly responsible for working with the U.N., also has close contact and cooperates with PKSOI to determine how the U.S. can be more effective in its involvement in peacekeeping and stability operations around the world.

As a Political Officer Fitzgerald served in the District of Columbia and in 10 overseas assignments including Vienna, Kabul, Berlin, Baghdad, Canberra, Minsk and Moscow.  She is a 2007 graduate of the National War College. 

Additionally, the war college faculty includes three senior foreign service officers who contribute the perspective of their years in the Department of State: David Bennett, Sherwood McGinnis, and Grace Stettenbauer.

The current AWC Class of 2017 has one resident student from the Department of State, while Distance Education Program hosts six students advancing toward graduation in 2017 and seven in the class of 2018.

“The DDE program here is extremely attractive to State Department foreign service officers who are overseas,” Shields said. “They don’t have many options if they want to get a Master’s Degree in National Security Studies and they’re assigned overseas. This is by far the best program for them.” 

Ambassador Shields and his State and USAID colleagues on the U.S. Army War College faculty will collaborate to teach an elective starting in May on the practice of diplomacy. The idea behind the diplomacy elective is to help next-generation strategic leaders, especially military officers who may not have had much previous exposure to diplomacy, to deepen their understanding of this vital instrument of statecraft.     

Buffalo Soldiers, Martin Luther King, help forge USMA trailblazer Steele  

Retired Army Col. Gary Steele, a West Point Graduate and the first African American Varsity Football Player to play at West Point, was the guest speaker for the 2017 Martin Luther King Jr. Observance Jan. 9.

Jan. 9, 2017 -- “Here is the challenge I will give you today – What will you do to make this a day on, not a day off and carry on the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King?”

This was the question asked and challenge issued by retired Army Col. Gary Steele at the Carlisle Barracks observance of Martin Luther King Jan. 9 in Wil Washcoe Auditorium. Steele, the first African American Varsity Football Player to play at West Point, was the keynote speaker for the event honoring the legacy of King.

“As we celebrate Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King’s uncommon life of courage and conviction, devoted to selfless service pursuing a better life for all Americans and influencing so many around the world, it is appropriate that we have here today Carlisle’s own - Colonel Retired Gary Steele, who like many of us, has spent his life in pursuit of serving something bigger than himself,” said Lt. Col. Greg Ank, garrison commander, when introducing Steele.

Before his talk, Soldiers and civilians from Carlisle Barracks read three quotes from King, which Steele used to frame his discussion of the legacy of King.

“If we are to go forward, we must go back and rediscover those precious values - that all reality hinges on moral foundations and that all reality has spiritual control.”

“If you can't fly then run, if you can't run then walk, if you can't walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.”

“Not only will we have to repent for the sins of bad people; but we also will have to repent for the appalling silence of good people.”


Steele used quotes to help frame his discussion of the legacy of King.

He used the quotes to view King’s legacy through a historical perspective, and discuss the value of adversity and confronting challenges when developing as a leader. Steele shared how the words, values and actions of King help guide him through his military and civilian career.

Steele opened his remarks by discussing the importance of mentors and those who came before him, including his father retired Buffalo Soldier Army Maj. Frank Steele, H. Milton Francis, the only African American cadet in the West Point Class of 1944, and King.

“So much changed in our nation from when my father served and Francis was a cadet. Martin roomed along, ate alone and was only spoken to when it was in an official capacity,” said Steele. He shared how much different life was for him and his brother at USMA in the 1960’s. He faced the usual struggles that most "Plebes" have to overcome and then starred on the football field where he was West Point's first African-American letter winner in the sport of football.

“I was wonderfully naïve about many things in my life, and I give credit to Martin Luther King, my father and many others who worked hard to help move our country forward,” he said. “For me to move forward I had to look back on those who came before me, including Dr. King.”   

Steele discussed how the value of adversity and dealing with and overcoming challenges is vital for any leader. He shared a story about when he failed two courses at West Point and considered leaving school.

“My father said he supported my decision if that’s what I chose to do, but that West Point would have beaten me if I left,” he said. “I immediately made my decision to return to school.”

The experience, coupled with his research into the words and actions of King taught him a valuable lesson, he said.  

”What I think we all need to take away from the legacy of Dr. King is that success is measured by what you do when you fail,” he said. “Do you roll over or get back up and do something about it?”

He closed by showing how the Army values echo many of the same values as King and how leaders can use them as touchstones when faced with challenges.

“If we live by the Army values, we are also living the vision of Dr. King,” he said. “He had a dream and as leaders, in and out of uniform, we have an obligation to follow his example. Make sure what you say matches what you do.”

About Steele

His service included assignments in Panama, Greece, and Belgium.  Following his retirement in 1993, he held various corporate and public sector human resource positions in education, telecommunications, and pharmaceutical industries.  Steele earned a Master’s degree in International Relations from Boston University, and in addition to holding a number of professional certifications.

About Dr. King

Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia on 15 January 1929. The third Monday of every January is celebrated as Martin Luther King Jr. Day; despite not falling on his actual birth date.  This day we celebrate the life and legacy of King. The National theme is "Remember! Celebrate! Act! A Day On, Not A Day Off!" Our country continues to REMEMBER and honor the tremendous accomplishments and sacrifices of  King. We CELEBRATE the life and legacy of a man who brought hope and healing to America. We ACT with honor. Also, we must not forget: A DAY ON, NOT A DAY OFF, is a day of citizen action volunteer service in honor of King.

Tax Center to open for 2016 business Feb. 1

Jan. 23, 2017 -- The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance Center will open its doors for business February 1 and will close on April 17 for the 2016 tax filling season for all Active Duty military and their Family Members as well as military retirees.

The Tax Center is located at 309 Engineer Ave and hours of operation are 8 a.m. to noon and 1 to 4 p.m. Monday - Friday. Call 717-245-3986 starting Jan. 23 for appointments.

What to bring:

  • Military ID card
  • W-2 form (active duty will receive W-2s though "My Pay" no later than Jan. 24)
  • W-2 forms for each family member who earned income
  • Form 8332 or copy of divorce decree for non-custodial parent claiming a child
  • Social Security card for taxpayer and every family member listed on your return
  • 1099-INT for any taxable interest paid to you or credited to your account
  • 1099-DIV for any income from stocks, mutual funds, investment companies or a real estate trust
  • If you sold stocks, bonds or mutual funds during the tax year, you must know your cost basis. If you do not know, call your broker to obtain the information.
  • Documentation verifying your 2014 real estate taxes paid on your primary residence
  • If you are itemizing deductions, you will need to provide proof of deductions – this is a requirement for charitable contributions
  • A voided check or deposit slip to ensure refund monies are dispersed properly
  • A copy of last year's tax return.

Pershing Tavern open, food trucks coming during LVCC renovations

Despite the ongoing renovations at the LeTort View Community Center, Pershing Tavern will be open this month on Wednesday and Thursday evenings, 4-9 p.m.

Since the kitchen is closed, food trucks will be available outside the Tavern until the renovations are complete next month. Customers (adults only) will have to enter thru the Tavern front door and the dining room area will remain closed.

The LVCC is closed this month while upgrades and being performed to the kitchen and dining areas. A new dance floor is also being installed as part of the work. The work is slated to be complete by the end of the month, with a re-opening set for early February.

Army Wellness Center focused on helping you get healthy

Did you know that you can find all of the tools to help you keep those holiday pounds off and get healthy by visiting the Carlisle Barracks Army Wellness Center?

Matt Zlogar, the Carlisle Center’s director, said that the Wellness Center takes a big-picture look at health for their clients and build a customized program based on their goals.

“At the Wellness Center folks have access to top notch health education to prevent chronic illness and to improve personal wellness,” he said. “These services combined could be a couple thousand dollars but it is free to a variety of individuals.  We want to help people reach their goals and change their lives.”

Army Wellness Centers complement care of primary care physicians at installation medical treatment facilities, according to the U.S. Army Public Health Command.  The centers provide health promotion services and education tailored to meet individual patient needs. Army Wellness Center programs and services are available to all Army personnel. This includes active-duty soldiers and retirees, their family members, DoD civilians, and Reserve/National Guard components.

“This opportunity is a perfect combination for what I want to do, which is help people find that perfect balance with exercise and nutrition to improve their quality of life,” he said.

A key component of their program are the follow-up consultations, which he said would be a major focus for his team.

“Follow ups are by far the most crucial component of our services,” he said. “It’s vital for the participant to see their progression and what works for them personally.”

Located at 315 Lovell Avenue the Center is one of 24 open in the United States, Europe, and Asia.  Working with primary care managers, the staff offers advice on preventive care based on a patient’s environmental and genetic risk factors to develop comprehensive care plans, and wellness centers will help patients make healthy lifestyle decisions by providing access to resources through state-of-the-art fitness testing, healthy nutrition advice, stress reduction using biofeedback, fitness programs and health education. 

Available individualized health promotion services include:  

  • Health Assessment ReviewProvide a quick analysis of health status and risk for disease to determine if an increase in physical activity is safe.
  • Physical Fitness:  Use advanced technology to assess current fitness levels and generate information to customize exercise programs meeting needs and goals.
  • Health Nutrition:   Conduct metabolic testing to enhance healthy eating by synchronizing resting metabolic rate and providing tailored strategies for weight management.
  • Stress Management:  Conduct biofeedback and education in stress relief techniques, and positive coping skills.
  • General Wellness Education:  Teach healthy lifestyles, increased resiliency, and preventing chronic disease through healthy living, self-care and creating good sleep habits.        
  • Tobacco EducationAssess readiness to change, discuss options for becoming tobacco-free, and recommend or provide appropriate tobacco cessation education programs.

For more information or to make an appointment call 245-4004.


Meet the staff

Matthew Thompson M.A., CSCS


Graduated from Shenandoah University with a Bachelor’s degree in Kinesiology and also completed his Master’s degree from The University of North Carolina at Pembroke in Physical Education. 

While at UNC Pembroke, Matthew was an assistant track and field coach as well as a graduate assistance strength and conditioning coach.  He is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Coach and USAW Sports Performance Coach.

Matthew has been a firefighter for the past two years and participates in recreational sports and weight lifting in his free time. 


 Dorothy “Dottie” Wilkinson M.P.H., AAAI-ISMA

Dottie graduated from West Chester University with her Masters of Public Health with a concentration in

Integrative Health and health promotion. She has experience working with Holcomb Behavioral Health which includes expertise in tobacco prevention and nutrition education.


Dottie became very interested in health and exercise in High School as she played field hockey and lacrosse.  This developed her interest and passion to become a health professional and pursue the healthcare field to help people.


Dottie enjoys instructing group fitness classes at the YMCA and backpacking and hiking.


 Tessa Brophy - MS, Exercise Physiology

Tessa is a recent graduate from California University of Pennsylvania with her Masters of Exercise Physiology. She graduated with her Bachelors in Kinesiology with an emphasis in Exercise Physiology at Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas and while attending school she played volleyball for Washburn.  She has recently obtained her American College of Sports Medicine Exercise Physiologist certification.

Tessa became interested in the Army Wellness Center while she was doing an internship in Kansas at Fort Leavenworth’s AWC.  As an intern she was able to assess biometrics and assist the Health Educators in their daily operations.  Observing how the Educators were making a positive difference in their client’s life was how she knew being a Health Educator was what she wanted to pursue.  Tessa also has experience in sports performance training and coaching.

Tessa’s interests are participating in and watching sports, spending time with her son, coaching volleyball, and being active.

Shana Blaney - Health Promotion Technician – BA, Sports Management

Shana has more than ten years of experience working in a physical fitness setting. Her experience ranges from working as a personal trainer’s assistant designing and implementing programs to helping manage facility operations. 

She graduated with her Bachelors in Health and Physical Education from Marywood University in 2013 and is currently pursuing her Master’s Degree for Counseling.

Shana’s interests and hobbies include participating in ultra-marathons and half-marathons, playing kickball and softball, and volunteering at church.