Banner Archive for January 2013

Marcy Robey, Chris Browne, PKSOI
Peace and Stability Operations Training and Education workshop kicks off


Frank C. DiGiovanni, Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Readiness) Directorate of Readiness, Training, Programs and Policy, asks a question during a plenary session  at the 2013 Unified Peace and Stability Operations Training and Education and the Integration and Exercise  Workshop.

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Day Three - The work groups explored the “Preserve and Adapt” aspects, respectively. Each workgroup concluded their efforts and compiled their insights, assessments and recommendations across the two days and prepared a presentation for the Senior Leaders panel for the following day.

This year’s workshop featured a new addition – the Marketplace.  The intent of the Marketplace was to informally encourage attendees to mingle, share new ideas, discuss emerging concepts and display their research efforts in the form of publications, brochures etc.  Many of the organizations represented at the conference erected displays at the Marketplace. 

Day Four

Out-briefs to the Senior Panel members – Most of the attending organizations represented by this senior panel were also represented in the Integrated Education and Training Working Group (IETWG). The Senior Panel Members, consisting of Ms. Pamela Aall, U.S. Institute of Peace; Ms. Mia Beers, representing Ms. Carol Change, U.S. Agency for International Development; Mr. Joel Charny, representing Mr. Sam Worthington, InterAction; Ms. Ann Cummings, representing Mr. Michael Vineyard, Department of Health and Human Services; Mr. Frank DiGiovanni, Office of the Deputy Under-Secretary of Defense, Director Training Readiness and Strategy; Mr. Sal Egea, Office of the Director of National Intelligence; Mr. Denver Flemming, representing Mr. Robert Carr Trevallia, Department of Justice; Mr. Markus Geisser, International Committee Red Cross; Ms. Stacey Gilbert representing Department of State’s Bureau for Population Refugees and Migration; Ms. Melanie Greenberg, Alliance for Peacebuilding; Dr. Keith Holterman, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; Mr. Jason Ladnier, representing Mr. Jerry White, Department of State, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations; Mr. Rob Lee, U.S. Department of Transportation; Ms. Stacey Nichols representing Ms. Ruth Whiteside, Department of State’s Foreign Service Institute; Mr Chang representing Ms. Patricia Sheikh, Office of Capacity Building and Development United States Department of Agriculture; Major General Michael Stough, Joint Staff, J-7, were asked to focus their comments on the following:

  • Shaping SOTEW and IEW workgroup efforts toward realistic and tangible outcomes that can be considered by the IETWG and sub-groups and by other attendees and their organizations.
  • Any Interest your organization may have in using/supporting the workgroups efforts.
  • Potential way ahead to continue efforts between and among stakeholder groups and other community of interest organizations.

The senior panel members arrived at GMU, were escorted to the waiting room, and were given an executive summary of the discussions and findings of the workgroups, presentation read-aheads, and a quick review of the agenda and expectations.

Each workgroup used a common framework (below) which enabled comparing and contrasting joint, interagency, inter-organizational, and multinational (JIIM) challenges across the communities in each of the following areas:

Envision: What are the challenges of future operating environments and the challenges that leaders must face?

Preserve: What is the current state of thinking/implementation in training/education in these areas that serves us well?

Adapt: Where do we need to move in the future (topics/methodologies/abilities) to prepare leaders for the future.

At 9 a.m. the workshop attendees entered the auditorium and the senior panel members were introduced by the moderator Ms. Pamela Aall, of USIP.  Next the members of each workgroup presented their findings to the panel members. Following each workgroup presentation, the panel members asked questions and provided comments about the findings.


Day Two

Day two of the four day workshop began with the participants dividing into four separate workgroups. Each workgroup began with a morning session composed of panel presentations and moderated discussions centered on presenting tailored ideas/concepts by subject matter experts and senior practitioners that informed discussions. The afternoon session continued with panel discussion and presentations.

Each workgroup was asked to approach their workgroup theme with the following framework in mind: “Envision” the environment, challenges and requirements ahead.

Each workgroup offered the attendees the option of presenting ideas, participating in discussions, and formulating recommendations in one of three communities of interest:

  1. Work Group 1 - Conflict Prevention (CP): How do we prepare leaders and practitioners to understand - 1) the critical dynamics of how peaceful/constructive competition and latent tensions among local/regional actors can move toward violent, disruptive conflict, and 2) the options/methods/processes available for preventing the slide to violent conflict?
  2. Work Group 2 - Conflict Response (CR): How do we prepare leaders and practitioners to -   1) understand the underlying causes and dynamics violent conflict, and 2) the processes and options available for transforming conflict in search of stability and a durable peace?
  3. Work Group 3 - Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Response (HA/DR): How do we prepare leaders and practitioners to understand - 1) the challenges and best practices of working effectively in a complex operational environment where civilian-military (civ-mil) cooperation, especially with humanitarian and international organizations, is a critical element of success, and 2) the “preparedness” options and actions available that can reduce the level/risk of widespread destruction and suffering?
  4. Work Group 4 - Integrated Education and Training Working Group (IETWG): The Integration and Exercise Workshop (IEW) provides the opportunity for Department of Defense (DoD) and civilian partners to collaborate on mission and training needs and match those needs to DoD and partner exercises. Specifically, the IEW provides DoD and civilian partners the opportunity to identify specific exercises where Conflict Prevention (CP), Conflict Response (CR), Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response (HA/DR) can be incorporated to improve operational alignment and provide leader education. The IEW objectives are:

(1) Develop agreements for collaboration and/or participation in remaining FY13 and upcoming FY14 Training and Education (T&E) events, including those that facilitate globally integrated operations;

(2) Increase understanding of partner T&E objectives, capabilities, interests, and opportunities;

(3) Develop a compendium of training/exercise interests and collaboration opportunities; and

(4) Identify best practices for improving T&E collaboration.


Tomorrow, day three will continue with workgroups exploring the “Preserve” and “Adapt” aspects in morning and afternoon, respectively.


Day One

The unexpected harsh weather was no obstacle for trainers, practitioners, planners and educators from various institutions to gather at George Mason University, Arlington Campus on the first day of the 2013 Unified Peace and Stability Operations Training and Education and the Integration and Exercise  Workshop. Despite two hour delay of the program, participants started to arrive early waiting for the first work group led by the Department of Defense.

The first day afternoon began with the plenary session, setting the context for the work that will follow. The session opened with the welcome remarks by Dr. Allison Frendak-Blume, Academic Director for Peace Operations Policy Program, George Mason University. Former Congressman Ike Skelton (D-Missouri) gave a keynote speech to the audience following the introduction by Frank C. DiGiovanni, Director of Training Readiness and Strategy.

The plenary session continued with speeches by seven senior leaders, focusing on the question of how to better prepare governmental, non-governmental, and civil society organizations for conflict prevention, conflict response, and response to humanitarian emergencies. Here is the full list of senior leader speakers (in the order or appearance)

  • Ruth A. Whiteside, Director of Foreign Service Institute
  • Pamela Aall, Provost of Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding, US Institute for Peace
  • Melanie Cohen Greenberg, President and CEO of the Alliance for Peacebuilding
  • Maj. Gen. Michael S.Stough, Vice Director of Joint Force Development,J7
  • Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo III, Commandant, United States Army War College
  • David F. Davis, Professor at George Mason University, Peace Operations Policy Program (POPP)
  • Frank C. DiGiovanni, Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Readiness) Directorate of Readiness, Training, Programs and Policy

As workgroups will fill the days to come, the first day closed with initial meeting and introductions for each workgroup.

For more information about the conference visit

General Officer Army War College grads in the news

Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta announced that the President has made the following nominations:

Army Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III, for reappointment to the rank of general and for assignment as commander, U.S. Central Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.  Austin is currently serving as vice chief of staff, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C. 

Army Lt. Gen. John M. Bednarek for reappointment to the rank of lieutenant general and for assignment as chief, Office of Security Cooperation-Iraq.  Bednarek is currently serving as commanding general, First U. S. Army, Rock Island Arsenal, Ill.

Army Lt. Gen. Robert L. Caslen Jr., for reappointment to the rank of lieutenant general and for assignment as superintendent, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.  Caslen is currently serving as chief, Office of Security Cooperation-Iraq, Iraq.

Army Maj. Gen. Kenneth E. Tovo, for appointment to the rank of lieutenant general and for assignment as commander, Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan/commander, North Atlantic Treaty Organization Training Mission-Afghanistan, Afghanistan.  Tovo is currently serving as commander, Special Operations Command Central, U.S. Central Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.

Army Brig. Gen. Brian C. Lein, for appointment to the rank of major general.  Lein is currently serving as deputy commanding general (operations), U..S. Army Medical Command, Falls Church, Va.

Army Brig. Gen. Stephen B. Leisenring, commander, Joint Theater Support Contracting Command, U.S. Central Command, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan, to deputy chief of contracting management, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, D.C.

Army Brig. Gen. Todd B. McCaffrey, director of training, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3/5/7, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C., to deputy commanding general, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.

Army Brig. Gen. Brian J. McKiernan, commandant, U.S. Army Field Artillery School, U.S. Army Fires Center of Excellence, Fort Sill, Okla., to deputy commanding general, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, N.C.

Army Col. Barbara R. Holcomb, for appointment to the rank of brigadier general.  Holcomb is currently serving as commander, Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Germany.

Army Col. Sean P. Swindell, who has been selected for the rank of brigadier general, assistant commander for Special Operations Forces, North Atlantic Treaty Organization Training Mission - Afghanistan/Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan to deputy commander, 1st Armored Division, Fort Bliss, Texas.

Secretary of Defense rescinds 'Direct Ground Combat Definition and Assignment Rule'

WASHINGTON (Army News Service, Jan. 24, 2013) -- Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey signed a memo this afternoon, paving the way for more women to serve in direct combat roles and in more military occupational specialties that are now open only to males.

The memo rescinds the 1994 DOD "Direct Ground Combat Definition and Assignment Rule," which states in part: "Service members are eligible to be assigned to all positions for which they are qualified, except that women shall be excluded from assignment to units below the brigade level whose primary mission is to engage in direct combat on the ground."

The memo does not spell out which military occupational specialties, known as MOSs, will be open to women. Rather, it directs the services to provide their implementation strategies to the DOD by May 2013. Implementation will begin this year and be completed by 2015, Panetta added.

The reason some MOSs in the past were closed was "due to permissible restrictions such as co-location, direct ground combat, privacy and berthing, special operations or long-range reconnaissance," according to the February 2012 DOD "Report to Congress on the Review of Laws, Policies and Regulations Restricting the Service of Female Members in the U.S. Armed Forces."

"This year we will begin to assign women to previously closed occupations using clear standards of performance in all occupational specialties," Dempsey said.

"The burden of proof used to be 'why should a woman serve in a particular specialty?'" he added. "Now, it's 'why shouldn't a woman serve in a particular specialty?'"

As of September, 418 of the Army's 438 MOSs were open to women of all ranks, according to an Oct. 31 Army report "Women in the Army."

"Soldiers, both men and women, want fair and meaningful standards" to be developed for accepting women into previously restricted MOSs, said Gen. Robert W. Cone, commander, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, at a Pentagon media roundtable following the DOD press conference.

"I think that fairness is very important in a values-based organization like our Army," Cone said.

TRADOC has already been studying armies in other countries where women have successfully been integrated into combat MOSs, countries like Canada and Israel.

The Army will be "looking at knowledge, skills and attributes of Soldiers and get the best match in specialties (now restricted) like infantry, armor, field artillery and engineers," Cone said, adding that one of the important attributes is physical requirements. "Soldiers don't want to see (that) degraded."

Objective assessments and validation studies, many of which have already been completed, will look at each requirement by MOS, he said. Tasks include things like "how much does an infantryman have to lift, how much stuff do they have to carry and for what distance."

Once the validations are done, scientists will then develop MOS-specific physical fitness tests, Cone continued. Then those tests will in turn be validated with field studies.

Besides physical ability, the Army will look at "traditional impediments," meaning the attitudes regarding the acceptance of women into previously male-only MOSs, he said. "A lot of this is about leadership and the organizational climate."

The Army will take "proactive measures to mitigate resistance to women going into these specialties," Cone concluded. "We want the right environment for women."

The commander in chief approved the actions of Panetta and Dempsey today, as well as the work that the Army is taking to open up MOSs for women.

President Obama released a statement that reads in part: "By moving to open more military positions, including ground combat units, to women, our armed forces have taken another historic step toward harnessing the talents and skills of all our citizens.

"This milestone reflects the courageous and patriotic service of women through more than two centuries of American history and the indispensable role of women in today's military.

"Many have made the ultimate sacrifice, including more than 150 women who have given their lives in Iraq and Afghanistan, patriots whose sacrifices show that valor knows no gender."   

Army War College Alumni in the news

The chief of staff, Army announced today the following assignments for the following Army War College Alumni:

Fellow Brig. Gen. Paul E. Funk II, who has been selected for the rank of major general, deputy commanding general (operations), 1st Infantry Division/Combined Joint Task Force-1, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan, to commanding general, 1st Infantry Division and Fort Riley, Fort Riley, Kan.

Class of 2004 graduate Brig. Gen. Burdett K. Thompson, deputy commanding general (support), 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, to deputy director for strategic planning and policy, J-5, U.S. Pacific Command, Camp H.M. Smith, Hawaii.

Graduate Col. John C. Thomson III, who has been selected for the rank of brigadier general, director, chief of staff, Army Coordination Group, Office of the Chief of Staff, Army, Washington, D.C., to deputy commander, 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Carson, Colo.

by Thomas Zimmerman
O’Hanlon proposes defense savings during Commandants Lecture Series opener

Jan. 18, 2012 - As the purse strings get tighter due government cutbacks, Army War College students heard from an expert on ways to think outside the “strongbox” for the new fiscal reality facing the Department of Defense.

Michael O'Hanlon, a senior fellow with the 21st Century Defense Initiative and director of research for the Foreign Policy program at the Brookings Institution, served as the first speaker for the Commandants’ Lecture Series in Bliss Hall Jan. 9.

The Commandant’s Series this year explores strategy in an era of declining resources.

 “This series is intended to augment the study of strategic leadership, national security policy and strategy, theater strategy campaigning, and defense management through a series on notable lectures on a relevant topic,” said Prof. Lou Yuengert, CLS director and faculty member in the Department of Command, Leadership and Management.  

“Even if it doesn’t happen in sequestration terms, the budget is still up for grabs along with the rest of the federal budget,” said O’Hanlon. “We don’t know how big it’s going to be. What I’m trying to find ways where we can do things a little more economically -- accept a little more risk -- but not a dramatic amount,” he said. “Then we can argue against even deeper cuts, like those from sequestration.”

O’Hanlon laid out a few short and long term changes that could help the Department of Defense as it enters a constrained resource environment.

The U.S. Navy can improve efficiency for crafts by swapping crews instead of constantly rotating ships.  Right now, the Navy gets about 15 percent efficiency from their ships due to the 6-month rotation.

“By instituting a change like this, the Navy could gain an additional 30-45 percent efficiency,” he said.  He pointed to recent studies by the Navy that reinforce this concept.

“Additionally, current positioning of two carrier battle groups within range of the Persian Gulf is not optimal when you know where the threat is. You want to use land-based forces,” he said. He suggested five or six close partners in the region that may be willing to host forces permanently. The need to retain a surge capability is important but day-to-day vigilance may be more effective on land, he said.

The nuclear weapons domain should stay at a level comparable to Russia, but we don’t need to worry as much about nuclear weapons modernization. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory no longer needs to be designed and structured around the idea of nuclear weapons design and production, he said, suggesting that the facility can be gradually transitioned to a civilian laboratory and save a significant amount of money. 

Ground forces should be slightly smaller than those of the 1990s given the very small likelihood of two ground conflicts at the same time, he said. Rather than the current plans for a 490,000 active duty Army and 182,000 Marines, He proposed an Army of 450,000 with a reserve component comparable to what is already planned, and a Marine Corps of 160,000. “By reducing the forces by approximately 60,000, you can save yourselves real money,” he said.

He specified that DoD changes should be part of a whole-government integrated deficit reduction.

“The military has already done quite a bit, proportionally speaking,” he said. “If there is a serious effort to attack everything, including entitlements, how much more can defense responsibly be cut? We have to look at ways to responsibly contribute across all aspects of government.”



Thomas Zimmerman
Flynn shares strategic leader vision as part of De Serio lecture

Jan. 7, 2013 -- The top officer at the Defense Intelligence Agency discussed the changing nature of intelligence gathering and shared his vision and thoughts on the skills necessary for strategic leaders who will emerge from the Army War College Class of 2013 in a Bliss Hall address Jan. 7.

Lt. Gen. Mike Flynn, DIA director, opened with an overview of the agency’s role in today’s global environment and how intelligence gathering has changed including advances in technology, the development of new systems and the sharing of information.

“The way we operate now is very fluid and complex,” he said. “Instead of days and months to analyze data, we have minutes and hours.” 

Despite changes in how intelligence is gathered and used, the demand for intelligence is unchanged.

“Intelligence must remain a strategic advantage for our nation,” he said. “To do so we must work together. Not working together is the biggest threat to our country.”

Flynn shared his thoughts on strategic leadership and provided food for thought for the students.

  • Be a life-long learner
  • Humility at the most senior level of command is important
  • Teach, coach and mentor
  • Stress teamwork
  • Have an ability to compromise
  • Manage/balance time for both you and others
  • Be decisive and exude confidence
  • Re-energize your leadership skills at every opportunity.

A combination of these skills and strong working relationships are keys to the success as a strategic leader.

“Relationships between leaders at the combined and joint level are how we will accomplish our missions,” he said.

He closed with a reminder that leadership is important and is necessary at every level.

“You don’t have to have stars to be a leader,” he said. “Anyone can lead people to do very heroic things.”

Flynn provided his remarks as the first speaker for the 2013 Francis De Serio Lecture Series. The lecture and associated USAWC Strategic and Theater Intelligence Chair, are named in honor of the 1972 USAWC grad, supported by the Russell Pearce Heuer and Elizabeth Crimean Heuer Foundation through the Army War College Foundation.

By Sgt. Kissta DiGregorio, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division Public Affairs

Fort Bragg welcomes International Fellows, promotes professional education of allies

FORT BRAGG, N.C. - Senior leaders of six foreign militaries - Albania, Botswana, Chile, Mexico, Oman and Vietnam - currently enrolled in the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pa., traveled to Fort Bragg, N.C., to observe a Joint Operational Access Demonstration, Jan. 11. Part of the Army Chief of Staff’s Fellows Program, this event promotes the professional education of U.S. allies and partner nations in order to develop their future leaders.

Each of the Army’s six combatant commands nominates international leaders to take part in the program; the nominees from each command get the opportunity to complete the year-long masters program at the U.S. Army War College. During the year, they also attend operational demonstrations at posts such as Fort Bragg, Fort Hood, Texas, Fort Benning Ga., and Fort Lewis, Wash.

“Some pretty impressive people have graduated from the U.S. Army War College,” said Col. William Steele, XVIII Airborne Corps protection officer, who was responsible for planning the event. Many past graduates have gone on to become four-star generals and presidents of state, Steele added. “These guys are going places.” 

An 82nd Airborne Division paratrooper assists Col. Joseph Seelo with donning a T-10D parachute during a Joint Operational Access Demonstration, Jan. 11.

The international fellows observed as Paratroopers assigned to 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division, with help from the U.S. Army Advanced Airborne School, demonstrated actions inside an aircraft in a mockup of a C-130 Hercules aircraft. The Paratroopers also conducted a pull-off demonstration to display the steps involved in the deployment of a T-10D parachute as a jumper exits the aircraft.

The six foreign leaders then partnered with their airborne buddies, Fort Bragg Paratroopers, and were assisted in donning parachutes. After a group photo, the IFs, their airborne buddies, 14 jumpers and the jumpmaster team marched up the ramp of a C-130 so the foreign leaders could get an up-close look at an airborne operation.

 During a static display demonstration, Paratroopers from various career fields presented the equipment they use to do their profession; artillerymen showed off a Howitzer, an infantry squad was strapped down with rifles and rocket launchers, a Raven operator assembled an unmanned aerial vehicle and a sniper was undetectable in his ghillie suit. The IFs approached Paratroopers at each station to admire their equipment and ask questions.

 An 82nd Airborne Division paratrooper prepares a T-10D parachute for Col. Mohamed Allamki a Joint Operational Access Demonstration, Jan. 11.

“It is really a symbiotic relationship which benefits both the Americans and us,” said Col. Joseph Seelo, an IF from Botswana. He added that events such as this help military leaders of allied nations better understand how each other operate so they can work together. “We tap into that experience to develop our operational capabilities,” he said.

Building these relationships is beneficial to all parties involved. Steele said U.S. Army leaders want their allies to know what they are capable of and what the Army and specifically the 82nd can bring to the table. “We want them to see what we can provide,” said the Cleveland, N.C., native. “We’re showing our allies we can be there to support them.” 

Lt. Col. Jean Irribarra admires a Paratrooper’s M320 grenade launcher during a Joint Operational Access Demonstration, Jan. 11.

Fostering these personal relationships can also lead to positive rapport for future missions. “(The fellows) are going to be leaders of their countries one day,” Steele said. “Those personal relationships are very important so we can come together.”

Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay Contest open to Carlisle Barracks community children
The Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay contest is open to children (grades 6-12) of Carlisle Barracks military, retirees and DoD employees.
The topic of the contest is:  Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. dreamed that one day we would all live in harmony.  Do you believe his dream has come true?
The winner must be present at the Martin Luther King Program held on Thursday, Jan. 30 at the Letort View Community Center.  Cash prizes will be awarded.
Essay Contest rules:
1.    Open to children (in grades 6-12) of Carlisle Barracks military, retirees, and DoD employees.
2.    Essay must be typed or printed neatly, doubled-spaced. (500 words maximum).
3.    Essay will be judged primarily on content.
4.    A cover page with the following information must be included:  name, school, grade, and home phone number or home address (for notification purposes).
5.    Entry deadline:  January 21, 2013
6.    For information contact: 
7.    All entries must be e-mailed to or delivered to: Carlisle Barracks Child and Youth Services at
637 Liggett Road, 717-245-4757

Carlisle Barracks to celebrate contributions of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
In celebration of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Carlisle Barracks has planned a celebration of the life and contributions of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Wednesday, Jan. 30, 11:30 a.m. at the Letort View Community Center, Carlisle Barracks.
The event is open to the public, and features guest speaker Jim Lucas, nationally known for his stirring and dramatic recitations and interpretive readings about Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Jim Lucas is a noted public speaker who has performed at over 100 colleges and universities throughout the United States, Japan, South Korea and Germany.  He is an expert on the life and times of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
An accomplished actor, he stars in the play, The Meeting, about King and Malcolm X.
A student of the teachings of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Lucas is an advocate of Dr. King’s philosophy of nonviolent civil action to affect social change.  Like Dr. King, Lucas participated in local protests and demonstrations to achieve school integration in his hometown of Lake Providence, Louisiana.
The Unity Singers of Carlisle gospel choir will perform at the event, which includes light refreshments and an exhibit of images about King and the Civil Rights Movement.
For information, contact the Morale Welfare and Recreation office at 717-245-4332.

Col. Deborah Hanagan, U.S. Army War College
Information on the inurnment ceremony for a former USAWC graduate and faculty member
Colonel Jerry Cashion, USAWC 2008 graduate and faculty member, will receive full military honors at an inurnment ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery on Tuesday, Jan. 29 at 1 p.m.
Cashion died on Nov 2, 2012 at his home.
Between 2009 and 2012 Cashion served for two years as a DMSPO faculty instructor for Seminar 3, and on the USAWC staff as a G-5.
Cashion was a 1981 graduate of Cornersville High School in Tennessee and received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1986 from Tennessee Tech University.
Cashion was a veteran of the Persian Gulf War and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
He was a fitness instructor at the Carlisle YMCA and a member of St. Paul’s Evangelical Lutheran Church in Carlisle.
In addition to his mother, he is survived by his loving and devoted wife, Brenda Katherine (Dunning) Cashion; one daughter, Kelly Anne Cashion; and one son, Clayton Jerrel Cashion.
Family and friends who plan to attend the inurnment ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery are required to meet/rally at the Memorial Gate not later than 12:30 p.m. and need to inform security guards that they are there to attend Col. Cashion’s inurnment at 1 p.m. (the guards will inform attendees where to assemble their vehicles).
Family and friends will follow the official procession from Memorial Gate to the Columbarium, so personal vehicle transportation is a must. 
The uniform for military personnel is Class A/Service A/ASU.
Sequence of events:
- The caisson arrives at the Columbarium, everyone presents arms (renders a salute).
- Bearer team secures the urn, NCOIC, OIC and chaplain salute.
- Chaplain leads the way to the niche, followed by bearer team.
- Bearer team sets down the urn and secures the flag.
- Family and friends seated.
- Chaplain performs the service.
- Once chaplain concludes the service, NCOIC steps up to the urn.
- A cemetery representative will ask family and friends to rise for honors.
- The NCOIC presents arms to initiate the rifle volley.
- Once rifle volley complete, bugler plays Taps.
- Everyone asked to be seated.
- Bearer team leader folds the flag and passes it either to the NCOIC or OIC.
- NCOIC/OIC passes the flag to the chaplain, who will present it to Kathie. Mary (mother), Kelly (daughter), Clayton (son) will also be presented flags.
- An Arlington Lady presents a card of condolence to the next-of-kin.
- Chaplain extends condolences to the family.
- Cemetery representative announces the service is concluded.
Additional notes:
- Arlington will provide a niche cover and place it over the niche at some point after the ceremony.
- If the temperature is below 32 degrees, then all elements of the band may not be available to perform. A modified band will then provide the honors. Additionally, certain weather conditions may make it unsafe for the horse pulling the caisson to support a funeral service.
- Arlington National Cemetery’s website:

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                    Contact: Michael Negard
Date: January 14, 2013                                                       Telephone: 334-255-3770
Julie Shelley
Strategic Communication Directorate
U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center
 Fatal Army accidents down in first quarter of 2013, sustaining trend from previous years

The U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center recently released accident statistics for the first quarter of fiscal 2013, and the data show a continued overall decline in both on- and off-duty accidental deaths.

Fiscal 2012 was the Army’s safest year since Sept. 11, 2001, and the third-safest year on record. Fatal accidents have remained steady or declined every year since fiscal 2007.

“Our leaders and Soldiers are continuing to do a remarkable job regarding safety,” said Brig. Gen. Timothy J. Edens, director of Army Safety and commanding general, U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center. “This downward trend in accidental fatalities is one of the longest that’s ever been sustained in our Army, and it’s never been done during ongoing combat operations.

“As our non-deployed population increases with the drawdown in combat deployments, engaged peers and leaders at all levels will be more vitally important than ever.”

Off duty, accidental deaths remained stable with last year’s first quarter figures. Fatal PMV-4 accidents were down slightly, as were on-duty fatalities resulting from accidents. Aviation saw the largest decrease, with no accidental fatalities recorded during the quarter. Five Soldiers died in aviation accidents during the first quarter of fiscal 2012.

Combined, fatal accidents were down 17 percent at quarter’s end from the same time frame in fiscal 2012.

Although the Army is poised to repeat this success during the second quarter, USACR/Safety Center Command Sgt. Maj. Richard D. Stidley urged all leaders, especially junior NCOs, to stay on top of what their Soldiers are doing.

“We’re coming into that time of year where Soldiers will be eager to get on the road, whether in their cars or on their motorcycles,” Stidley said. “First-line leaders will have the most influence in making sure their troops are ready, which is especially important for Soldiers who might need a reintroduction to safe riding after the lull of winter.”

The Army Safe Spring Campaign, an annual effort designed to raise awareness of driving hazards and other seasonal safety issues, will be released Feb. 28 at


AHEC Perspectives lecture will redefine how conventional U.S. Army forces fight an urban war


The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center will present a lecture by Maj. Greg Tomlin entitled, “The Gods of Diyala: Transfer of Command in Iraq,” as part of the 45th Annual Perspectives in Military History Lecture Series at 7:15 p.m. on Jan. 16, 2013.  Maj. Gregory M. Tomlin is assistant professor of history at the U.S. Military Academy and a doctoral candidate at the George Washington University specializing, in U.S. Cold War diplomatic history.

Maj. Tomlin deployed to Baquba, Iraq, in March 2004 and was on the front lines, redefining how conventional U.S. Army forces fight an urban war.  He led his field artillery platoon through a transition into a counterinsurgency rifle platoon, carrying out daily combat patrols in one of the region’s most notorious hotspots.  Tomlin chronicled Task Force 1-6 Field Artillery’s year in Iraq and its response to the insurgency that threatened to engulf their corner of the Sunni Triangle.  After he relinquished control of his platoon, he spent five months in the Diyala provincial police headquarters in Baquba.  In this environment, he found himself living with, and advising, senior Iraqi security leaders, many of whom served as colonels and general officers in the former Iraqi army.  Together they planned security operations for the province’s 165 polling stations during the January 2005 national elections, Iraq’s first democratic elections in nearly thirty years.

Rather than presenting a snapshot dominated by battle scenes, Tomlin’s book and lectures present a wide-angled view of his experiences.  He assesses the implications of his platoon’s mission, starting with their pre-deployment training in Germany and ending with the handing over of duties to the replacement task force at the end of Operation Iraqi Freedom II.  From chaotic security planning and grieving the loss of fallen comrades – both U.S. and Iraqi – to late-night debates with Iraqis about democracy, Maj. Tomlin’s lectures discuss how Iraqis perceived the value of their post-Saddam elections and the political future of their country as it tried to reinvent itself in the wake of a dictator’s fall.

All Perspectives in Military History Lectures are FREE to attend and open to the public.  The doors will open at 6:30 p.m., and the lecture will begin at 7:15 p.m.  Parking is free, and the Café Cumberland and USAHEC Museum Store will also be open.  For directions, more information, and a complete schedule of USAHEC events, please visit or call 717-245-3972.


Dutch Army Commander enters International Fellows Hall of Fame

January 7, 2013 -- The U.S. Army War College and the Commander of the Royal Netherlands Army collaborated today both to recognize his career achievements and to discuss his insights about leadership in multinational operations.

The War College leadership, student body, and faculty honored Lt. Gen. Mart De Kruif with induction into International Fellows Hall of Fame. Lt. Gen. De Kruif earned a master’s degree in Strategic Studies from the Army War College in 2003. The Hall of Fame recognizes graduates who have held the highest positions in their nation’s armed forces or an equivalent position in a multinational organization.

“Life is full of surprises and some of them are nice ones,” said De Kruif, during the ceremony. “I’m honored to join the distinguished men and women inducted into the USAWC International Hall of fame. In a global society, the Army War College proves that international cooperation is a source of power.”

He credits his Army War College and the ability to study, discuss, integrate and communicate with his U.S. colleagues for a very deep understanding of how the U.S. Army works, and for the trust and confidence reflected by his selection to command the ISAF Regional Command South in 2009.

De Kruif’s remarks to the class were colored by his current challenges and the influence of his Afghanistan experiences. As the Army commander, De Kruif is responsible for training and educating all Dutch army units and personnel, and leading a major reorganization of the Royal Netherlands Army. As commander of the multinational force of 45,000 soldiers comprising the International Security Assistance Force [ISAF] Regional Command South, October 2008 to November 2009, De Kruif honed his understanding of Multinational Operations.

The War College invited Lt. Gen. Mart De Kruif, Royal Netherlands Army Commander and former commander of the multinational forces of ISAF Regional Command South, to speak to the student body about multinational operations, as part of the curriculum on Theater Strategy and Campaigning.

Hard-earned insights crystallized his thoughts about effective coalitions and operational reality.

For our junior leadership, international cooperation is an everyday reality, he said, and a stark contrast to his own years as a young captain when his battle position looked east and he prepared to fight shoulder-to-shoulder with Dutch-only troops.

“Now, when [a young Dutch commander] leaves the base, he’s accompanied by Afghan national army and Afghan national police,” he said. “They are mentored by Australians and by French. The camp is guarded by Slovakians. His top cover comes from Belgian F16s and Mirages from France and US fighters from Bagram. If he gets in a fight in troops-in-contact, and one of his soldiers is wounded, we call in the medevac helicopter from the United States, which is accompanied by Apaches from the Dutch air force. We bring him back to the field dressing station where a surgical team from Singapore saves his life, probably with blood from the British blood bank from Helmand …. Then we call in a Canadian C130; we fly him back to Kandahar where nurses from Romania will take him to the operating room where a surgeon from the United States will stabilize him. We fly him back with a British plane to the United Kingdom and we pick him up there.

“That is reality … on a day-to-day basis,” said De Kruif. Strategic leaders have an obligation to ensure that our people are prepared for this kind of cooperation and it must be done during their training and education, he said.

Coalitions will be your future, he said to the senior leaders in the class who should plan for additional skills as leaders of international coalitions: language skills; intra-coalition cultural awareness; mastery of the technical aspects of mission command, and trust; guts; and risk-sharing.

Two aspects of effectiveness belong to the strategic domain – to your domain, he said.

Effective international cooperation depends on quality and risk-sharing at the political-military level.

Maj. Gen. Tony Cucolo, U.S. Army War College Commandant, congratulates Dutch Lt. Gen. Mart De Kruif upon his induction into The War College International Fellows Hall of Fame, Jan. 7, 2013.

The success of every coalition is dependent on the quality of the contribution of its members, and quality does not refer merely to technology but rather and more in particular to the quality of the people -- people with specialized knowledge, with open minds, language skills who can work on a team and are respectful of colleagues.

And, a coalition has no chance of surviving if its members are not willing to share the risks during operation

Despite limitations ranging from minor obstacles to political sensitivities, coalitions are a tremendous source of strength and military power.

“Coalitions will be your future,” said De Kruif. “Commit all your strengths and efforts to make the coalition better and more effective. This will not only make you a better commander but a better person.”

View the full 20-min video presentation of Lieutenant General Mart De Kruif.


Lt. Gen. De Kruif is the fifth Dutch officer to be inducted into the Army War College’s Hall of Fame.

The Netherlands Armed Forces have been involved in the ISAF mission since 2002, currently executing police training in the Kunduz province, ISAF Regional Command North).

The 2013 International Fellows Program incorporates 71 international officers, representing 67 countries, into the joint, interagency and multinational student body of the U.S. Army War College. The International Fellows study, research, and write on subjects of significance to security interests of their own and allied nations; their participation as Fellows enriches the educational environment and fosters mutual understanding and effective working relationships between senior U.S. officers and senior officers of selected foreign countries.

USAHEC highlights holdings

Carlisle Barracks, Pa. – Students, scholars, researchers, veterans, genealogists, and the public can learn about the extensive collection of historical materials at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center during a workshop Saturday, Jan. 12. The free workshop is from 10 a.m.-11 a.m. and is the part of USAHEC’s second annual Winter Program Series.

The Directors of USAHEC and the Army Military History Institute will conduct the workshop. Col. Matthew Dawson and Mr. Thomas Hendrix will highlight USAHEC’s many and varied holdings and will demonstrate how those holdings can be of value to anyone visiting the facilities or conducting on or offsite research during the workshop.

This workshop is the Winter Program Series’ first of three programs that will run from January through April. Each month, USAHEC will showcase different aspects of public history and USAHEC operations. Other programs include a Re-enactor Recruitment Day in February and a presentation on military paper modeling in March.

All Winter Program Series workshops and lectures are FREE to attend and open to the public. Parking is free and the USAHEC Museum store and Café Cumberland will be open during each event. For more information, and a complete schedule of events, please visit www.usahec.orgor call 717-245-3972.


Fiscal cliff legislation affects Military, Civilian paychecks

American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Jan. 4, 2013 - The legislation that President Barack Obama signed Jan. 2 that postponed the fiscal cliff means changes to military and civilian paychecks, Defense Finance and Accounting Service officials said today.

The legislation increases Social Security withholding taxes to 6.2 percent. For the past two years during the "tax holiday" the rate was 4.2 percent.

The increase in Social Security withholding taxes affects both military and civilian paychecks, officials said.

For civilian employees, officials said, this will mean a 2 percent reduction in net pay.

For military personnel, changes to net pay are affected by a variety of additional factors such as increases in basic allowances for housing, subsistence, longevity basic pay raises and promotions. Service members could see an increase in net pay, no change or a decrease, military personnel and readiness officials said.

For military members, Social Security withholding is located on their leave and earnings statement in the blocks marked "FICA taxes" -- for Federal Insurance Contributions Act.

DOD civilians will see the change on their leave and earnings statement under "OASDI" -- for old age, survivors, and disability insurance.

Reserve component members will be the first to see potential changes in their net pay as a result of the law, DFAS officials said. Changes will be reflected in their January paychecks.

Active duty military personnel will see pay adjustments in their January mid-month paycheck and will be reflected on the January leave and earnings statement.

DOD civilians will see social security withholding changes reflected in paychecks based on the pay period ending December 29, 2012, for pay dates beginning in January.

DFAS stresses that all personnel should review pay statements carefully.

Carlisle Barracks Senior Service College selections announced

The Fiscal Year 2012 Army Competitive Category Senior Service College Selection board results for Carlisle Barracks are:

Lt. Col. Terry T. Draper Jr. – Alternate

Lt. Col. Lance B. Green – Principal

Lt. Col. William G. McDonough III – Alternate

Lt. Col. Stephen C. Rogers – Principal

By Tiffany Payne and Natalie White, Carlisle Barracks Army Wellness Center

Shedding Holiday Weight Gain     

It is no secret that winter typically means holiday parties, staying indoors and large meals with family and friends. Unfortunately, these are also factors that contribute to weight gain during the winter season.

The New England Journal of Medicine estimates Americans gain anywhere from 1 to 5 pounds each year from Thanksgiving to New Years. This, in itself, is not too bad until you realize that these individuals were not losing their holiday weight gain during the spring and summer months, contributing to an overall increase in body weight.

This year, start a new trend and make a plan shed those holiday pounds with these 5 simple tips:

1.  Enjoy yourself, but not too much: Avoiding treats over the holidays is nearly impossible, and while you may have splurged a bit, portion control can help prevent excess calories moving forward. Try eating slowly, savoring each bite, and limit trips for additional helpings.  Also, try eating a small, healthy snack before leaving for events where unhealthy food may be served to avoid overeating.

2.  Change your focus: Whether it is a meal at home with family or dinner out with friends try to focus more on the interactions.  Keep in mind people tend to eat 40% more calories when eating outside of the home, so be intentional about focusing on socializing rather than sampling all of the food items.2

3.  Watch what you drink: Cold weather may seem like the perfect time to splurge on hot beverages such as cider, hot chocolate and coffee drinks, but be mindful of the calories they are adding to your diet. Beverages may contain as many as 400 calories per serving, which is the same as eating six Fudgsicles!3 Choosing low fat dairy options, no whipped cream, and sugar-free flavorings can help lower calorie content.

4.  Limit alcohol: A serving of alcohol (12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, 1.5 fluid ounces of liquor) can range from 100-200 calories per serving. Drinks mixed with sugary beverages such as soda and juice can be as high as 400 calories. Alcohol also increases appetite and weakens willpower to resist food temptations. Drink water between alcoholic drinks and limit the number consumed to help prevent drinking too many calories.4

5.  Stay active: Maintaining your weight is a matter of balancing the calories you consume with those you burn with physical activity. Outdoor activities such as ice skating, sledding and snowshoeing can provide a contrast to the increased amount of time spent indoors during the winter. Indoor activities such as dancing, yoga and indoor swimming can also make up for extra calories.  Be sure to make manageable changes to your activity levels. 

Contact the Army Wellness Center at 717.245.4004 or stop by 315 Lovell Avenue to schedule an appointment.

by Thomas Zimmerman
Top Marine Corps officer shares insights, visions of future with USAWC students


Gen. James Amos, Commandant of the Marine Corps, adressed the Army War College Class of 2013 in Bliss Hall Dec. 18.

Dec. 18, 2012 – As recent events have shown a world undergoing dramatic shifts, the roles of the U.S. military services in a joint environment become even more important, according to the top officer in the Marine Corps.

Gen. James Amos, Commandant of the Marine Corps, spoke to the Army War College Class of 2013 in Bliss Hall Dec. 18 about the Marine Corps contribution to the Joint fight.

“Jointness is not a bureaucratic model. I believe in this,” he said. “Jointness is talking about the smooth integration of all our capabilities. We can’t do anything unless we work alongside of our partners.”

“We don’t have to be the lead. We’re part of the joint force. I really believe that,” he said. “As we go into these budget challenges we are going to need to make sure we weave that together so we are interdependent.”

 “We have the unique ability, thanks to our expeditionary mindset and forward-deployed nature, to be at any time at any place and being a true joint partner enabler,” said Amos. “We don’t have a specific domain like the Air Force or the Navy. We truly are America’s crisis response force. America, Congress doesn’t buy the Marine Corps to be a second land army. We have the best Army, the best Air Force, and the best Navy in the world.

 “With the Marine Corps you have a reasonably small force at a fairly high state of readiness, ready to respond to today’s crises today. We do it almost every day. It’s our lane.”

 “The littorals are the connective tissue of the global order, connecting the maritime commons with the human population ashore,” he said.  He pointed out that 21 of the 28 mega cities are within 62 miles of the sea, seven of the top 10 U.S. trading partners, 61 percent of the world’s population and that 95 percent of the world’s commerce moves by the sea in the Asia Pacific region.

Amos’s comments were directed at a joint and multinational 367-student body that includes 17 Marine Corps officers among the US military officers, 24 civilian leaders, and 71 international officers.  He was clear about the Marine Corps value.

.”This is the kind of world we will all live in and need to work together to tackle these complex challenges,” he said. “The world is only becoming more complex but I am confident that we have the force necessary to tackle the challenges ahead.”

Leadership and working with our partners will be key as the focus of the military shifts to the Asia-Pacific region, he said, and noted the role of schools like the Army War College in developing the leaders needed for this changing environment.

“We cannot afford to stop playing a leadership role,” said Amos. “If we allow the world to just roll along and catch up later, someone else will step into fill that void and we may not like the results.”

 “The concept of forward engagement and presence is something you should be discussing while you are here,” he said to the class. “You are into strategic thought. You are here to think at a level above the one you have been thinking at for the last couple of years where you have been narrowly focused and rightfully so.”

Amos reviewed the strategic benefit of forward deployment and engagement for the United States Underwrites security through a stabilizing presence

  • Invests in the society of the global commons
  • Influences actions of both threats and partners
  • Builds trust that cannot be surged
  • Allows proximity to emergent crisis
  • Sets conditions for access in crisis
  • Gives credibility to US security commitments

2013 Great Decisions Lectures
Open to all USAWC students, staff & faculty, Carlisle Barracks community & general public

Friday, Jan. 18, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “Future of the Euro”
By Professor Jef Troxell, U.S. Army War College
How did the 2008 global recession contribute to the devel- opment of the euro crisis? The health of the euro affects
and is affected by the state of the global economy. How can European Union leaders prevent the collapse of the common currency?

Friday, Jan. 25, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “Egypt”
By Dr. Larry P. Goodson, U.S. Army War College
The popular revolution that ousted President Hosni Mubarak in 2011 ushered in the promise of radical change. Two years later, what is the state of Egyptian democracy? How will the military and the civilian government balance power?
Friday, Feb. 1, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “NATO”
by Professor Raymond A. Millen,  U.S. Army War College
How has NATO’s agenda evolved since its inception during the cold war? With its military commitment in Afghanistan winding down and a recent successful campaign in Libya, what are the Alliance’s present-day security challenges?

Friday, Feb. 8, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “Myanmar and Southeast Asia”
by Retired Colonel Kevin E. Richards, U.S. Army War College
The West has welcomed unprecedented democratic reforms made by Myanmar’s government. What challenges must Myanmar overcome before it can fully join the international community? What role can it play in Southeast Asia?
Friday, Feb. 15, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “Humanitarian Intervention”
by Professor Allen D. Raymond, U.S. Army War College
The “responsibility  to protect” doctrine has become central to modern humanitarian intervention.  When should the international community intervene? Why did the West rush to intervene in Libya but not Syria?

Friday, Feb. 22, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “Iran”
By Dr. Christopher J. Bolan, U.S. Army War College
Suspicion and a troubled history have blighted U.S.-Iranian relations for three decades. How can the United States and Iran move forward? Is the existence of Iran’s nuclear program an insurmountable obstacle?

Friday, March 8, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “China in Africa”
by Colonel Thomas E. Sheperd, U.S. Army War College
What interests govern China’s engagement in Africa? Should China’s growing emphasis on political ties and natural re- source extraction inform U.S. relations with African nations?

Friday, March 15, 2013, 1-3 p.m. AHEC Visitor and Education Center “Threat Assessment”
by Professor Frank L. Jones, U.S. Army War College
How can the United States address the challenges of a weak economy, homegrown terrorism and nuclear proliferation? What threats and opportunities are presented by the ascen- dancy of China and by regime change in the Middle East?

Great Decisions is the publication of the Foreign Policy Association.
These lectures are sponsored by the Carlisle Chapter of the Association of the U.S. Army (AUSA).

Open to all USAWC students, staff & faculty, Carlisle Barracks community & general public