Banner Archive for January 2011

Due to inclement weather, Carlisle Barracks will have a delayed opening tomorrow, Feb. 1

Thorpe Gym will open at 0630.

USAG employees report at 0930.


Dunham Clinic and the Dental Clinic will open at the regular time of 0730

Students report to Bliss Hall at 0930 for the Africa Symposium.

Faculty and Staff report at 0900.

Check here, call 245-3700 or for updates.

Obama cites military successes in State of Union Address

By Karen Parrish, American Forces Press Service


WASHINGTON, Jan. 25, 2011 - In a State of the Union address here marked by a call for renewed American innovation and cooperation, President Barack Obama pointed to the nation's military as an example to follow.


In Afghanistan, U.S. troops have taken Taliban strongholds and trained Afghan Security Forces, and will continue to deny al Qaeda the safe-haven that served as a launching pad for 9/11, he said.


"Thanks to our heroic troops and civilians, fewer Afghans are under the control of the insurgency," Obama said. "There will be tough fighting ahead, and the Afghan government will need to deliver better governance."


But U.S. and coalition efforts are strengthening Afghan capacity and building an enduring partnership with the Afghan people, he said.


"This year, we will work with nearly 50 countries to begin a transition to an Afghan lead. And this July, we will begin to bring our troops home," the president said.


The nation has sent a message to all parts of the globe, Obama said: "We will not relent, we will not waver, and we will defeat you."


Obama credited American leadership, especially in the New Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, for curbing the global nuclear threat.


Thanks to the treaty, he said, far fewer nuclear weapons and launchers will be deployed.


"Because we rallied the world, nuclear materials are being locked down on every continent so they never fall into the hands of terrorists," he said.


America leads the world in the quest for freedom and security, the president said, and the nation must always remember "that the Americans who have borne the greatest burden in this struggle are the men and women who serve our country."


The nation can repay that service, he said, "by giving them the equipment they need; by providing them with the care and benefits that they have earned; and by enlisting our veterans in the great task of building our own nation."


American troops represent every creed, color, culture and geographical region in the nation, Obama said. And, he added, some are gay, and may now serve openly for the first time since the "don't ask, don't tell" law was overturned late last year.


"Starting this year, no American will be forbidden from serving the country they love because of who they love," he said. "And with that change, I call on all our college campuses to open their doors to our military recruiters and ROTC. It is time to leave behind the divisive battles of the past. It is time to move forward as one nation."


First Lady Michelle Obama included among her guests for the address current and former military members, including Army Staff Sgt. Salvatore Giunta, who received the Medal of Honor in November; Army Staff Sgt. Brian Mast, who lost both legs below the knee and suffered several other injuries in a roadside bomb blast while serving in Afghanistan; Marine Corps Gunnery Sgt. Nicole Mohabir, who has deployed twice to Iraq and once to Afghanistan; and Dr. Peter Rhee, a Navy veteran and former military surgeon, now director of medical trauma at the University Medical Center in Tucson, Ariz. Rhee oversaw the treatment of victims injured in the Jan. 8 Tucson shootings, including Rep. Gabrielle Giffords.

The White House

Jan. 25, 2011 --

Remarks of President Barack Obama in State of the Union Address

State of the Union Address, Washington, DC

Mr. Speaker, Mr. Vice President, Members of Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow Americans:

Tonight I want to begin by congratulating the men and women of the 112th Congress, as well as your new Speaker, John Boehner. And as we mark this occasion, we are also mindful of the empty chair in this Chamber, and pray for the health of our colleague – and our friend – Gabby Giffords.

It’s no secret that those of us here tonight have had our differences over the last two years. The debates have been contentious; we have fought fiercely for our beliefs. And that’s a good thing. That’s what a robust democracy demands. That’s what helps set us apart as a nation.

But there’s a reason the tragedy in Tucson gave us pause. Amid all the noise and passions and rancor of our public debate, Tucson reminded us that no matter who we are or where we come from, each of us is a part of something greater – something more consequential than party or political preference.

We are part of the American family. We believe that in a country where every race and faith and point of view can be found, we are still bound together as one people; that we share common hopes and a common creed; that the dreams of a little girl in Tucson are not so different than those of our own children, and that they all deserve the chance to be fulfilled.

That, too, is what sets us apart as a nation.

Now, by itself, this simple recognition won’t usher in a new era of cooperation. What comes of this moment is up to us. What comes of this moment will be determined not by whether we can sit together tonight, but whether we can work together tomorrow.

I believe we can. I believe we must. That’s what the people who sent us here expect of us. With their votes, they’ve determined that governing will now be a shared responsibility between parties. New laws will only pass with support from Democrats and Republicans. We will move forward together, or not at all – for the challenges we face are bigger than party, and bigger than politics.

At stake right now is not who wins the next election – after all, we just had an election. At stake is whether new jobs and industries take root in this country, or somewhere else. It’s whether the hard work and industry of our people is rewarded. It’s whether we sustain the leadership that has made America not just a place on a map, but a light to the world.

We are poised for progress. Two years after the worst recession most of us have ever known, the stock market has come roaring back. Corporate profits are up. The economy is growing again.

But we have never measured progress by these yardsticks alone. We measure progress by the success of our people. By the jobs they can find and the quality of life those jobs offer. By the prospects of a small business owner who dreams of turning a good idea into a thriving enterprise. By the opportunities for a better life that we pass on to our children.

That’s the project the American people want us to work on. Together.

We did that in December. Thanks to the tax cuts we passed, Americans’ paychecks are a little bigger today. Every business can write off the full cost of the new investments they make this year. These steps, taken by Democrats and Republicans, will grow the economy and add to the more than one million private sector jobs created last year.

But we have more work to do. The steps we’ve taken over the last two years may have broken the back of this recession – but to win the future, we’ll need to take on challenges that have been decades in the making.

Many people watching tonight can probably remember a time when finding a good job meant showing up at a nearby factory or a business downtown. You didn’t always need a degree, and your competition was pretty much limited to your neighbors. If you worked hard, chances are you’d have a job for life, with a decent paycheck, good benefits, and the occasional promotion. Maybe you’d even have the pride of seeing your kids work at the same company.

That world has changed. And for many, the change has been painful.  I’ve seen it in the shuttered windows of once booming factories, and the vacant storefronts of once busy Main Streets. I’ve heard it in the frustrations of Americans who’ve seen their paychecks dwindle or their jobs disappear – proud men and women who feel like the rules have been changed in the middle of the game.

They’re right. The rules have changed. In a single generation, revolutions in technology have transformed the way we live, work and do business. Steel mills that once needed 1,000 workers can now do the same work with 100.  Today, just about any company can set up shop, hire workers, and sell their products wherever there’s an internet connection.

Meanwhile, nations like China and India realized that with some changes of their own, they could compete in this new world. And so they started educating their children earlier and longer, with greater emphasis on math and science. They’re investing in research and new technologies. Just recently, China became home to the world’s largest private solar research facility, and the world’s fastest computer.

So yes, the world has changed. The competition for jobs is real. But this shouldn’t discourage us. It should challenge us. Remember – for all the hits we’ve taken these last few years, for all the naysayers predicting our decline, America still has the largest, most prosperous economy in the world. No workers are more productive than ours. No country has more successful companies, or grants more patents to inventors and entrepreneurs. We are home to the world’s best colleges and universities, where more students come to study than any other place on Earth.

What’s more, we are the first nation to be founded for the sake of an idea – the idea that each of us deserves the chance to shape our own destiny. That is why centuries of pioneers and immigrants have risked everything to come here.  It’s why our students don’t just memorize equations, but answer questions like “What do you think of that idea? What would you change about the world? What do you want to be when you grow up?”

The future is ours to win. But to get there, we can’t just stand still.  As Robert Kennedy told us, “The future is not a gift. It is an achievement.” Sustaining the American Dream has never been about standing pat. It has required each generation to sacrifice, and struggle, and meet the demands of a new age.

Now it’s our turn. We know what it takes to compete for the jobs and industries of our time. We need to out-innovate, out-educate, and out-build the rest of the world. We have to make America the best place on Earth to do business. We need to take responsibility for our deficit, and reform our government. That’s how our people will prosper.  That’s how we’ll win the future. And tonight, I’d like to talk about how we get there.

The first step in winning the future is encouraging American innovation.

None of us can predict with certainty what the next big industry will be, or where the new jobs will come from. Thirty years ago, we couldn’t know that something called the Internet would lead to an economic revolution. What we can do – what America does better than anyone – is spark the creativity and imagination of our people.  We are the nation that put cars in driveways and computers in offices; the nation of Edison and the Wright brothers; of Google and Facebook. In America, innovation doesn’t just change our lives. It’s how we make a living.

Our free enterprise system is what drives innovation. But because it’s not always profitable for companies to invest in basic research, throughout history our government has provided cutting-edge scientists and inventors with the support that they need.  That’s what planted the seeds for the Internet. That’s what helped make possible things like computer chips and GPS.

Just think of all the good jobs – from manufacturing to retail – that have come from those breakthroughs.

Half a century ago, when the Soviets beat us into space with the launch of a satellite called Sputnik¸ we had no idea how we’d beat them to the moon. The science wasn’t there yet. NASA didn’t even exist.  But after investing in better research and education, we didn’t just surpass the Soviets; we unleashed a wave of innovation that created new industries and millions of new jobs.

This is our generation’s Sputnik moment. Two years ago, I said that we needed to reach a level of research and development we haven’t seen since the height of the Space Race. In a few weeks, I will be sending a budget to Congress that helps us meet that goal.  We’ll invest in biomedical research, information technology, and especially clean energy technology – an investment that will strengthen our security, protect our planet, and create countless new jobs for our people.

Already, we are seeing the promise of renewable energy. Robert and Gary Allen are brothers who run a small Michigan roofing company. After September 11th, they volunteered their best roofers to help repair the Pentagon. But half of their factory went unused, and the recession hit them hard.

Today, with the help of a government loan, that empty space is being used to manufacture solar shingles that are being sold all across the country. In Robert’s words, “We reinvented ourselves.”

That’s what Americans have done for over two hundred years: reinvented ourselves. And to spur on more success stories like the Allen Brothers, we’ve begun to reinvent our energy policy. We’re not just handing out money. We’re issuing a challenge.  We’re telling America’s scientists and engineers that if they assemble teams of the best minds in their fields, and focus on the hardest problems in clean energy, we’ll fund the Apollo Projects of our time.

At the California Institute of Technology, they’re developing a way to turn sunlight and water into fuel for our cars. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, they’re using supercomputers to get a lot more power out of our nuclear facilities.  With more research and incentives, we can break our dependence on oil with biofuels, and become the first country to have 1 million electric vehicles on the road by 2015.

We need to get behind this innovation. And to help pay for it, I’m asking Congress to eliminate the billions in taxpayer dollars we currently give to oil companies. I don’t know if you’ve noticed, but they’re doing just fine on their own. So instead of subsidizing yesterday’s energy, let’s invest in tomorrow’s.

Now, clean energy breakthroughs will only translate into clean energy jobs if businesses know there will be a market for what they’re selling. So tonight, I challenge you to join me in setting a new goal: by 2035, 80% of America’s electricity will come from clean energy sources. Some folks want wind and solar. Others want nuclear, clean coal, and natural gas. To meet this goal, we will need them all – and I urge Democrats and Republicans to work together to make it happen.

Maintaining our leadership in research and technology is crucial to America’s success. But if we want to win the future – if we want innovation to produce jobs in America and not overseas – then we also have to win the race to educate our kids.

Think about it. Over the next ten years, nearly half of all new jobs will require education that goes beyond a high school degree. And yet, as many as a quarter of our students aren’t even finishing high school. The quality of our math and science education lags behind many other nations.  America has fallen to 9th in the proportion of young people with a college degree. And so the question is whether all of us – as citizens, and as parents – are willing to do what’s necessary to give every child a chance to succeed.

That responsibility begins not in our classrooms, but in our homes and communities. It’s family that first instills the love of learning in a child. Only parents can make sure the TV is turned off and homework gets done.  We need to teach our kids that it’s not just the winner of the Super Bowl who deserves to be celebrated, but the winner of the science fair; that success is not a function of fame or PR, but of hard work and discipline.

Our schools share this responsibility. When a child walks into a classroom, it should be a place of high expectations and high performance. But too many schools don’t meet this test. That’s why instead of just pouring money into a system that’s not working, we launched a competition called Race to the Top.  To all fifty states, we said, “If you show us the most innovative plans to improve teacher quality and student achievement, we’ll show you the money.”

Race to the Top is the most meaningful reform of our public schools in a generation. For less than one percent of what we spend on education each year, it has led over 40 states to raise their standards for teaching and learning. These standards were developed, not by Washington, but by Republican and Democratic governors throughout the country.  And Race to the Top should be the approach we follow this year as we replace No Child Left Behind with a law that is more flexible and focused on what’s best for our kids.

You see, we know what’s possible for our children when reform isn’t just a top-down mandate, but the work of local teachers and principals; school boards and communities.

Take a school like Bruce Randolph in Denver. Three years ago, it was rated one of the worst schools in Colorado; located on turf between two rival gangs. But last May, 97% of the seniors received their diploma. Most will be the first in their family to go to college. And after the first year of the school’s transformation, the principal who made it possible wiped away tears when a student said “Thank you, Mrs. Waters, for showing… that we are smart and we can make it.”

Let’s also remember that after parents, the biggest impact on a child’s success comes from the man or woman at the front of the classroom. In South Korea, teachers are known as “nation builders.” Here in America, it’s time we treated the people who educate our children with the same level of respect. We want to reward good teachers and stop making excuses for bad ones.  And over the next ten years, with so many Baby Boomers retiring from our classrooms, we want to prepare 100,000 new teachers in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math.

In fact, to every young person listening tonight who’s contemplating their career choice: If you want to make a difference in the life of our nation; if you want to make a difference in the life of a child – become a teacher. Your country needs you.

Of course, the education race doesn’t end with a high school diploma. To compete, higher education must be within reach of every American. That’s why we’ve ended the unwarranted taxpayer subsidies that went to banks, and used the savings to make college affordable for millions of students.  And this year, I ask Congress to go further, and make permanent our tuition tax credit – worth $10,000 for four years of college.

Because people need to be able to train for new jobs and careers in today’s fast-changing economy, we are also revitalizing America’s community colleges. Last month, I saw the promise of these schools at Forsyth Tech in North Carolina. Many of the students there used to work in the surrounding factories that have since left town. One mother of two, a woman named Kathy Proctor, had worked in the furniture industry since she was 18 years old.  And she told me she’s earning her degree in biotechnology now, at 55 years old, not just because the furniture jobs are gone, but because she wants to inspire her children to pursue their dreams too. As Kathy said, “I hope it tells them to never give up.”

If we take these steps – if we raise expectations for every child, and give them the best possible chance at an education, from the day they’re born until the last job they take – we will reach the goal I set two years ago: by the end of the decade, America will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.

One last point about education. Today, there are hundreds of thousands of students excelling in our schools who are not American citizens. Some are the children of undocumented workers, who had nothing to do with the actions of their parents. They grew up as Americans and pledge allegiance to our flag, and yet live every day with the threat of deportation. Others come here from abroad to study in our colleges and universities. But as soon as they obtain advanced degrees, we send them back home to compete against us. It makes no sense.

Now, I strongly believe that we should take on, once and for all, the issue of illegal immigration. I am prepared to work with Republicans and Democrats to protect our borders, enforce our laws and address the millions of undocumented workers who are now living in the shadows. I know that debate will be difficult and take time. But tonight, let’s agree to make that effort. And let’s stop expelling talented, responsible young people who can staff our research labs, start new businesses, and further enrich this nation.

The third step in winning the future is rebuilding America. To attract new businesses to our shores, we need the fastest, most reliable ways to move people, goods, and information – from high-speed rail to high-speed internet.

Our infrastructure used to be the best – but our lead has slipped. South Korean homes now have greater internet access than we do. Countries in Europe and Russia invest more in their roads and railways than we do. China is building faster trains and newer airports.  Meanwhile, when our own engineers graded our nation’s infrastructure, they gave us a “D.”

We have to do better. America is the nation that built the transcontinental railroad, brought electricity to rural communities, and constructed the interstate highway system. The jobs created by these projects didn’t just come from laying down tracks or pavement. They came from businesses that opened near a town’s new train station or the new off-ramp.

Over the last two years, we have begun rebuilding for the 21st century, a project that has meant thousands of good jobs for the hard-hit construction industry. Tonight, I’m proposing that we redouble these efforts.

We will put more Americans to work repairing crumbling roads and bridges. We will make sure this is fully paid for, attract private investment, and pick projects based on what’s best for the economy, not politicians.

Within 25 years, our goal is to give 80% of Americans access to high-speed rail, which could allow you go places in half the time it takes to travel by car. For some trips, it will be faster than flying – without the pat-down. As we speak, routes in California and the Midwest are already underway.

Within the next five years, we will make it possible for business to deploy the next generation of high-speed wireless coverage to 98% of all Americans. This isn’t just about a faster internet and fewer dropped calls. It’s about connecting every part of America to the digital age.  It’s about a rural community in Iowa or Alabama where farmers and small business owners will be able to sell their products all over the world. It’s about a firefighter who can download the design of a burning building onto a handheld device; a student who can take classes with a digital textbook; or a patient who can have face-to-face video chats with her doctor.

All these investments – in innovation, education, and infrastructure – will make America a better place to do business and create jobs.  But to help our companies compete, we also have to knock down barriers that stand in the way of their success.

Over the years, a parade of lobbyists has rigged the tax code to benefit particular companies and industries. Those with accountants or lawyers to work the system can end up paying no taxes at all. But all the rest are hit with one of the highest corporate tax rates in the world. It makes no sense, and it has to change.

So tonight, I’m asking Democrats and Republicans to simplify the system. Get rid of the loopholes. Level the playing field. And use the savings to lower the corporate tax rate for the first time in 25 years – without adding to our deficit.

To help businesses sell more products abroad, we set a goal of doubling our exports by 2014 – because the more we export, the more jobs we create at home. Already, our exports are up. Recently, we signed agreements with India and China that will support more than 250,000 jobs in the United States.  And last month, we finalized a trade agreement with South Korea that will support at least 70,000 American jobs. This agreement has unprecedented support from business and labor; Democrats and Republicans, and I ask this Congress to pass it as soon as possible.

Before I took office, I made it clear that we would enforce our trade agreements, and that I would only sign deals that keep faith with American workers, and promote American jobs.  That’s what we did with Korea, and that’s what I intend to do as we pursue agreements with Panama and Colombia, and continue our Asia Pacific and global trade talks.

To reduce barriers to growth and investment, I’ve ordered a review of government regulations. When we find rules that put an unnecessary burden on businesses, we will fix them. But I will not hesitate to create or enforce commonsense safeguards to protect the American people.  That’s what we’ve done in this country for more than a century. It’s why our food is safe to eat, our water is safe to drink, and our air is safe to breathe. It’s why we have speed limits and child labor laws.  It’s why last year, we put in place consumer protections against hidden fees and penalties by credit card companies, and new rules to prevent another financial crisis. And it’s why we passed reform that finally prevents the health insurance industry from exploiting patients.

Now, I’ve heard rumors that a few of you have some concerns about the new health care law. So let me be the first to say that anything can be improved. If you have ideas about how to improve this law by making care better or more affordable, I am eager to work with you. We can start right now by correcting a flaw in the legislation that has placed an unnecessary bookkeeping burden on small businesses.

What I’m not willing to do is go back to the days when insurance companies could deny someone coverage because of a pre-existing condition.  I’m not willing to tell James Howard, a brain cancer patient from Texas, that his treatment might not be covered. I’m not willing to tell Jim Houser, a small business owner from Oregon, that he has to go back to paying $5,000 more to cover his employees.  As we speak, this law is making prescription drugs cheaper for seniors and giving uninsured students a chance to stay on their parents’ coverage. So instead of re-fighting the battles of the last two years, let’s fix what needs fixing and move forward.

Now, the final step – a critical step – in winning the future is to make sure we aren’t buried under a mountain of debt.

We are living with a legacy of deficit-spending that began almost a decade ago. And in the wake of the financial crisis, some of that was necessary to keep credit flowing, save jobs, and put money in people’s pockets.

But now that the worst of the recession is over, we have to confront the fact that our government spends more than it takes in. That is not sustainable.  Every day, families sacrifice to live within their means. They deserve a government that does the same.

So tonight, I am proposing that starting this year, we freeze annual domestic spending for the next five years. This would reduce the deficit by more than $400 billion over the next decade, and will bring discretionary spending to the lowest share of our economy since Dwight Eisenhower was president.

This freeze will require painful cuts. Already, we have frozen the salaries of hardworking federal employees for the next two years.  I’ve proposed cuts to things I care deeply about, like community action programs. The Secretary of Defense has also agreed to cut tens of billions of dollars in spending that he and his generals believe our military can do without.

I recognize that some in this Chamber have already proposed deeper cuts, and I’m willing to eliminate whatever we can honestly afford to do without. But let’s make sure that we’re not doing it on the backs of our most vulnerable citizens.  And let’s make sure what we’re cutting is really excess weight. Cutting the deficit by gutting our investments in innovation and education is like lightening an overloaded airplane by removing its engine. It may feel like you’re flying high at first, but it won’t take long before you’ll feel the impact.

Now, most of the cuts and savings I’ve proposed only address annual domestic spending, which represents a little more than 12% of our budget. To make further progress, we have to stop pretending that cutting this kind of spending alone will be enough. It won’t.

The bipartisan Fiscal Commission I created last year made this crystal clear. I don’t agree with all their proposals, but they made important progress. And their conclusion is that the only way to tackle our deficit is to cut excessive spending wherever we find it – in domestic spending, defense spending, health care spending, and spending through tax breaks and loopholes.

This means further reducing health care costs, including programs like Medicare and Medicaid, which are the single biggest contributor to our long-term deficit.  Health insurance reform will slow these rising costs, which is part of why nonpartisan economists have said that repealing the health care law would add a quarter of a trillion dollars to our deficit. Still, I’m willing to look at other ideas to bring down costs, including one that Republicans suggested last year: medical malpractice reform to rein in frivolous lawsuits.

To put us on solid ground, we should also find a bipartisan solution to strengthen Social Security for future generations.  And we must do it without putting at risk current retirees, the most vulnerable, or people with disabilities; without slashing benefits for future generations; and without subjecting Americans’ guaranteed retirement income to the whims of the stock market.

And if we truly care about our deficit, we simply cannot afford a permanent extension of the tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans. Before we take money away from our schools, or scholarships away from our students, we should ask millionaires to give up their tax break.

It’s not a matter of punishing their success. It’s about promoting America’s success.

In fact, the best thing we could do on taxes for all Americans is to simplify the individual tax code. This will be a tough job, but members of both parties have expressed interest in doing this, and I am prepared to join them.

So now is the time to act. Now is the time for both sides and both houses of Congress – Democrats and Republicans – to forge a principled compromise that gets the job done.  If we make the hard choices now to rein in our deficits, we can make the investments we need to win the future.

Let me take this one step further. We shouldn’t just give our people a government that’s more affordable. We should give them a government that’s more competent and efficient. We cannot win the future with a government of the past.

We live and do business in the information age, but the last major reorganization of the government happened in the age of black and white TV.  There are twelve different agencies that deal with exports. There are at least five different entities that deal with housing policy. Then there’s my favorite example: the Interior Department is in charge of salmon while they’re in fresh water, but the Commerce Department handles them in when they’re in saltwater. And I hear it gets even more complicated once they’re smoked.

Now, we have made great strides over the last two years in using technology and getting rid of waste. Veterans can now download their electronic medical records with a click of the mouse.  We’re selling acres of federal office space that hasn’t been used in years, and we will cut through red tape to get rid of more. But we need to think bigger.  In the coming months, my administration will develop a proposal to merge, consolidate, and reorganize the federal government in a way that best serves the goal of a more competitive America. I will submit that proposal to Congress for a vote – and we will push to get it passed.

In the coming year, we will also work to rebuild people’s faith in the institution of government.  Because you deserve to know exactly how and where your tax dollars are being spent, you will be able to go to a website and get that information for the very first time in history. Because you deserve to know when your elected officials are meeting with lobbyists, I ask Congress to do what the White House has already done: put that information online.  And because the American people deserve to know that special interests aren’t larding up legislation with pet projects, both parties in Congress should know this: if a bill comes to my desk with earmarks inside, I will veto it.

A 21st century government that’s open and competent. A government that lives within its means. An economy that’s driven by new skills and ideas. Our

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Parker shares international perspectives during Roosevelt Lecture


United Kingdom Gen. Sir Nick Parker, Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces, spoke in Bliss Hall Jan. 25 as part of the Kermit Roosevelt Lecture, an annual exchange of British and American military lecturers. Photo by Megan Clugh.  

Jan. 25, 2011 -- Army War College students heard firsthand a United Kingdom perspective on the issues and challenges facing the world from a former deputy commander of International Security Assistance Force Afghanistan during the Kermit Roosevelt Lecture Jan. 25 in Bliss Hall.

United Kingdom Gen. Sir Nick Parker, now the Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces, spoke about a variety of topics during his time here including the importance of the US-UK relationship, the challenges of a post 9-11 world and the important of collaboration. Parker also discussed what he called the “special relationship” between the US and the UK that allows them to work together on complex issues around the world.

Students said the lecture provided some valuable insights.

“He provided us some great insights into how our coalition partners think,” said Col. Stuart McRae, student. “Sometimes we remain too focused on our perspective of the fight so it’s vital that we get that additional perspective.”

“We understand that in today’s complex world, nations cannot do it alone,” said Navy Cdr. William Richardson. “We need to have strong, dedicated partners like the United Kingdom. These types of discussions are very important when it comes to strengthening those relationships.”

Parker background

Before assuming his current position Parker was the deputy commander International Security Assistance Force - Afghanistan. Recent operational tours include the commander of the UK Joint Task Force and advisor to the President of Sierra Leone in 2001 and Deputy Commanding General (UK) Multi-National Corps Iraq from August 2005 to February 2006. He took over as GOC Northern Ireland in July 2006, UK Commander Regional Forces in August 2007 and took over as Deputy Commander ISAF in November 2009.

Lecture background

The Kermit Roosevelt Lecture Exchange Series began in 1947, and honors Major Kermit Roosevelt, son of President Theodore Roosevelt.  Roosevelt served in both the American and British army’s during World Wars I and II.  The Kermit Roosevelt Lecture Exchange Series is an annual exchange of British and American military lecturers.


Thomas Zimmerman, Army war College Public Affairs Office
PKSOI conference discusses challenges, best practices

Jan. 14, 2011 -- Late last year, more than 130 stakeholders took part in the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute held the 5th annual Stability Operations Training and Education Workshop, entitled “Peace and Stability Operations Education and Training: Teaming Challenges and Best Practices”, at the National Conference Center, Lansdowne, Virginia.    

The workshop, designed to provide a forum for trainers and educators from within U.S. Government civilian and military agencies, academic institutions, and international and non-government organizations to discuss best practices in stability operations training and education  in order to develop future collaborative projects in management, delivery, and evaluation tools, consisted of panel presentations addressing specific Peace and Stability Operational environments, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, Haiti, Iraq and Afghanistan. 

The goal of the conference was to create synergistic effective training and education programs throughout the community, while reducing redundancy along common task lines.

Guest speakers Minister Ali Jalali, former Afghan Minister of the Interior, Susan Page, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, and Lt. Gen. Robert L. Caslen, Jr., commander of the Combined Arms Center, addressed current challenges and best practices toward improving civilian and military teaming efforts from a variety of different peace and stability operational environments from a comprehensive approach perspective. 

Ali Jalali, provided a host nation perspective on International teaming challenges in Afghanistan.  He presented four challenges for the international community to address, if Afghanistan is to become a self-reliant entity.  He said that Afghanistan will only achieve peace and prosperity through a whole-of-government approach that addresses:

  • Protection of the civilians’ security concerns,
  • Delivery of essential services,
  • Establishment of rule of law and a sustainable justice system,
  • Safeguarding of national interests.

He added that these goals must meet host nation approval, and must be sustainable by Afghan leadership and the international community must develop a coherent vision for the future of Afghanistan and must coordinate their efforts to achieve peace in Afghanistan and in the region. 

Page outlined five priorities that govern the US administration’s relationships with African countries. 

  • Promoting good government throughout Africa by helping to build strong, stable democracies and by protecting democratic gains made in recent years.
  • Committed to working alongside African countries to advance sustainable economic growth.  Continue its focus on public health and health-related issues in Africa by working with African governments and civilian organizations to ensure that quality health care is accessible to all communities. 
  • Committed to working with African governments and the international community to help prevent, resolve and mitigate conflicts and disputes.
  • Deepen its focus on transnational challenges facing African countries, e.g., trafficking in persons, arms and illegal drugs; and the illegal exploitation of Africa’s mineral resources.

Caslen presented four issues to consider in connection with challenges in Iraq.

  • Security is a challenge of paramount importance.
  • Communication and cooperation are essential.
  • One of the key doctrines of counterinsurgency is reestablishing the local natural hierarchy in order to legitimize authority.
  • A major challenge is to train the trainers to function in complex environments

Panel discussion topics included:

  • UN integrated mission challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Continuity of stability and reconstruction initiatives in Haiti during a disaster response
  • Comparison of CivMil PRT teaming challenges in Iraq and Afghanistan
  • Incorporation of lessons learned into curriculum development and practical application

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Changes are coming to the Exchange

Many changes are coming to the Carlisle Barracks Exchange this year.  The Root Hall bookstore will move to the Exchange, as will the Class VI store.  By the end of the summer an enlarged military clothing and sales selection will also be available. 

While business decisions are causing the changes, the management is also soliciting and listening to customer feedback as to what goods and services they would like at their community store.

The first thing that people will notice is that the bookstore, which is currently located in Root Hall, will move to the Exchange in the beginning of February.  Once the move is complete, Exchange shoppers will be able to buy military professional books as well as a large assortment of USAWC merchandise.   

“Moving the bookstore to the Exchange is a good deal for the community,” said Col. Alan Bourque, Army War College Chief of Staff.  “Right now you can’t buy War College merchandise or professional books after 2:30 p.m. on weekdays or at all on weekends.  Once it is established, I think it will really be a benefit to the community.”   

For patrons who are looking for specific professional books, a computer linked to Books-a-Million will be installed in the Exchange. This will allow them to order the book they need and have it mailed to their house.

The Exchange will be installing a vending machine in Root Hall which will be stocked with commonly-used items and the Root Hall Joint Deli will increase the variety of snack and drink items it currently sells.

Also relocating to the Exchange will be the Class VI store, which is currently located between the Exchange and the Commissary.  The Class VI store sells which sells personal demand items such as alcohol, snack foods, health and hygiene products.

Moving the Class VI to the Exchange will allow for expanded hours of operations and more convenience for customers because the Exchange is currently open later on Thursdays and Sundays.   The move will also allow customers to make their Exchange and Class VI purchases as one, instead of separately.

The move is slated to take place this summer, said Don Basil, Exchange manager.

The bookstore and Class VI moves are part of a bigger plan to completely revamp the products offered for sale.  The reason for the revamp is because the Exchange has listened to what customers want.   The books and magazines section has expanded, and Anthony’s Pizza has been replaced by GNC.   Plans to enlarge the selection of work-out clothes and scale back children’s clothes are also in the works.

Change will continue behind the scenes untilsummer when the final changes will be in place.  By the time the class of 2012 reports, the new Exchange will shape up to be a one-stop shopping experience with better hours and a wider range of items. 

In response to customer demand, military clothing and sales will also arrive at the Exchange. 

“We are planning on concentrating our military clothing line primarily on dress uniform items such as rank and ribbons,” said Basil.  “However we will have an assortment of Army Service Uniforms and Class B items for the permanent party Army personnel.”

The money spent consumers spend at the Exchange helps the greater Carlisle Barracks community.  “After all the operating expenses are paid, the Carlisle Barracks Family, Morale, Welfare and Recreation gets the profits,” said Mary Anne Turnbaugh, FMWR Chief Financial Management.  “During the first fiscal quarter of 2011 FMWR received $63,955.05 from the Exchange.”

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Commissary renovations under way

Commissary shoppers near what will be the expanded produce section of the commissary.  Over the next 10 months, different sections of the commissary will be closed off for renovation and expansion.  Photo by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

Commissary changes are underway, but “under cover.”  Barriers will separate commissary shoppers from the extensive work that started January 24, with changes revealed as the renovation project moves from one part of the store to the next.

 “Over the next 10 months the commissary will be getting a new décor package that will really bring us into the 21st Century,” said Larry Hoover, Carlisle Barracks commissary manager.

In August the Defense Commissary Agency awarded the Carlisle Barracks Commissary a $3.9 million construction contract for architectural and refrigeration renovation

But the renovations aren’t just skin deep. There will be expansions along the perimeter of the store where dairy, meat and produce are kept. 

 “When the renovation is complete we will have more meat items more produce and frozen foods is going to explode,” said Hoover. 

Hoover said that the expansions may cause the shifting of some items to other locations in the store temporarily.

 “While we are working on particular sections, key items such as milk and fruit may not be in the same location but we will still have them,” he said.

Shoppers will also be able to eat healthier when the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute’s nutritional guidelines become part of the shopping experience.  

“In our quest to make this the best commissary in the Army, we are going to tie APFRI into our store, making us unique from everyone else, ” said Lt. Col. Janet Holliday, garrison commander.

“APFRI will collaborate with the commissary to recommend healthy products,” said Lt. Col. Brian Bauer, APFRI executive officer. “We are currently working with the Commissary management to develop potential collaborative ideas,” said Bauer.

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Refill pick-up site at Exchange eases wait time for prescriptions

Patrons pick up their refill prescriptions at the Remote Pharmacy at the Exchange. 

Need your prescription refilled but don’t want to stand in line at the pharmacy?  Then stop by the Exchange for your prescription refill needs.

“The benefit to picking up your prescription at the Exchange is its one-stop shopping.  You can get your shopping done and pick up your prescriptions,” said Linda Nelson, Chief of the Dunham Pharmacy Services.

The Refill pick-up site at the Exchange is open Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. – to include Thursday afternoons when the clinic closes for training.  Hours may be lengthened once upgrades are completed for refrigeration and security items, like cages and cameras, needed to handle controlled substances.

Picking up a refill at the Clinic Pharmacy takes longer because there are more people to serve there.  “We average about 225 patients a day at the pharmacy.  Wait time can exceed 20 minutes when we’re extremely busy ,” said Nelson.   “The Refill Pick-up site at the Exchange sees about 45 people a day, so there is hardly any wait time there.”

The longer wait at the Clinic Pharmacy is due, in part, to prescriptions of people who have just been seen by a healthcare provider at the clinic; prescriptions from those seen by outside health care providers; and the many people picking up refills. 

The refill pick-up site currently cannot fill prescriptions that need to be refrigerated or controlled substances such as Tylenol with codeine or Ambien. 

“We are in the process of putting in the security and refrigeration apparatuses needed to be able to handle these products,” said Nelson.

The refill pick-up site can be used for prescriptions that are already in the Walter Reed Health Care System, which includes the Dunham Clinic and 10 other Army sites. New prescriptions from an outside provider and labeled containers for prescriptions originally filled by retail pharmacy must be brought to the clinic pharmacy to facilitate a transfer.   

“When you have used 75 percent or more of your prescription you can call or go on-line to order your refill,” said Nelson.  To call in a refill, call 800-248-6337 and select “4” for Pennsylvania, then option “1” for the PX Refill Pick-up location.  Once it is called in, refills will be ready for pick up within two business days.

For those who want to refill their prescription electronically, go to, click on “pharmacy”, which is located under services on the left hand side, then click on the on-line refill request form and select a pharmacy location (Carlisle/Dunham/PX).   As with phone refills, it will take approximately two business days for the prescription to be ready.

Effective March 1, the Dunham Clinic Pharmacy will close on Tuesdays at 7 p.m. instead of 7:30 p.m.

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
Danish general, USAWC Class of 2000 grad inducted into IF Hall of Fame

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC commandant and Maj. Gen. Niels Bundsgaard, Chief of the Danish Defense Personnel Organization, remove the cover of the portrait of Bundsgaard that will be displayed in the Army War College International Fellows Hall of Fame. He is the 32nd IF to be inducted. Photo by Megan Clugh.

Jan. 24, 2011 -- The Army War College honored a distinguished member of the Class of 2000 with an induction into the International Fellows Hall of Fame Jan. 24.

Maj. Gen. Niels Bundsgaard, Chief of the Danish Defence Personnel Organization, the highest position in the Danish armed forces, became the 32nd International Fellow to receive the honor.

Bundsgaard was voted for induction by the fellow members of his USAWC class and the ceremony took place in front of the current USAWC class.

“General Bundsgaard has demonstrated the finest professional competence and courage in his leadership of his nation’s armed forces,” said Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC commandant. “His connection to the U.S. Army War College – and to you as future strategic leaders of this and other nations – is a vital part of the web of friendship and partnership that connects military professionals during these dangerous and challenging times.”

In 2003, he served as the first Danish commander in Iraq as the Commander, Army Operational Command Denmark (Chief of the Army), and was responsible for the development, training and deployment of the Danish Army from Jan. 2009 to Aug.  2010.  He was promoted in 2008 to major general and served as General Officer Commanding, Danish Division.

Martin said Bundsgaard was an example of the senior leader the USAWC strives to develop.

“You epitomize who we are and what we believe in and all we do – wise, strong and inspired to serve.”

“It is a privilege and an honor to be here and receive this award,” Bundsgaard said.


Bundsgaard talks with Prof. Bob Coon, a professor in the Department of Military Strategy, Planning and Operations, during the Course of Action Development Exercise Jan. 24. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.   

Before receiving his honor in Bliss Hall in front of the Class of 2011, spoke with Martin, Amb. Carol van Voorst, Deputy Commandant for International Affairs, and joined students and International Fellowsin an exercise at the Center for Strategic Leadership.

“It’s really amazing to see how truly integrated the class is now, including the international fellows,” he said. “The world we live in now is one where nations cannot do anything solely by themselves, it takes nations working together to solve these complex problems.”

Bundsgaard received an update from Prof. Doug Campbell on the Strategic Decision Making Exercise, something he remembers from his time as a student.

“I remember most of the exercise but what stands out the most were the media interviews,” he said. “While I did not personally take part in one, I remember the impact is had on the students and the game play and the amount of preparation required by all of the students. Overall the exercise was a very valuable experience.”

Bundsgaard took many lessons with him from his year at the Army War College.

“For an officer to be able to take a year and focus on personal development and learning and networking with other military leaders is invaluable,” he said. “It really is invaluable in the long run.”

From an educational standpoint, Bundsgaard said that he was able to gain more insights into the other elements of national power like diplomacy and economic tactics.

“From most of our careers we are so focused on the military aspects and ways to solve problems but this experience really helped open my eyes to these other options,” he said. “I was able to apply those direct lessons during my time in Iraq, which I believe helped me be successful.”

Bundsgaard said that during his time here he formed “two families” with whom his friendships carry on to this day.

“I still keep in touch via email with many of my classmates, both US and the other IFs,” he said. “You really do form relationships here that last a lifetime.”




Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
USAWC Class of ’99 grad reaches new heights

Col. Oliver Norrell III, Senior National Guard Advisor to the USAWC Commandant, sits at his desk in Root Hall after reviewing some planning documents for the upcoming Senior Reserve Component Officer Course.

Jan. 21, 2011 -- Col. Oliver Norrell III, currently the Senior National Guard Advisor to the Commandant, has been selected to become a brigadier general and received his certificate of eligibility from the Army National Guard.

Norrell, USAWC Class of 1999 grad, said that when he started his career he thought it would be a success if he made it to lieutenant colonel.

“Then to be promoted to colonel and now receiving my certificate of eligibility for brigadier general is fantastic,” he said.

Norrell said spent the majority of his career as a “traditional” National Guard officer.

“For my first 15 years I practiced law and was a member of the Virginia National Guard, when life was much different than it is now for our Soldiers,” he said.

He said that his time here as a student really helped open his eyes to the many challenges that military officer’s face, even if he didn’t realize it at the time.

“The strategic leadership course was really excellent,” he said. “Of all of the courses I took as a student that one really helped me develop as a leader in both my civilian and military jobs.” He said that as he assumed new positions on the National Guard bureau staff that his world changed and he needed the new skills he had developed while a student.

“I think the course does an excellent job of at least exposing the students to the broad aspects of an issue like budgets so that when they face it later in their career they are at least aware of some of the challenges,” he said. “I just wish I had been able to realize at the time how valuable other parts of the course would become.”   

Norrell said that this course remains important for Reserve Component officers.

“The world has changed a lot for our Reserve officers,” he said. “For many of these officers, they spent the first half of their career as ‘traditional’ Guardsmen and now they find themselves in a very different world with multiple deployments and facing the same challenges as their active component counterparts. The ability for them to talk in seminar about the issues and challenges that they all face is invaluable.”

AGNSS, SRCOC programs focus on the Reserve Component

Norrell, who has been at the War College since June 2009, now brings his experience and expertise to programs like the Adjutant General National Security Seminar, and the Senior Reserve Component Officer Course which kicks off this year on Feb. 21.

During SRCOC, 38 Guard and Reserve General Officers from all seven components and Canada are invited to the Army War College to take part in seminar discussions, take part in a staff ride and receive briefing on relevant topics from USAWC staff and faculty.

 “I really think that programs like AGNSS and SRCOC help both the students and the general officers that we invite to understand the issues that each faces as well as have an open and frank discussion of the challenges they face,” he said. “As a general officer at the state level,  you may not always get these kinds of opportunities, so this is important.”

Norrell’s next step will be to find and be selected for a National Guard brigadier general slot within the next two years.

“I’m going to take my time,” he said. “I really enjoy what I’m doing here and working with the students.”

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Perspectives lecture focuses on Bosnian peacekeeping operations

Lt. Col. Mark Viney, thedirector of the U.S. Amy Heritage and Education Center, gives a lecture on the role of 1st Squad, 4th Cavalry Regiment’s role in Bosnian peacekeeping. Photo by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos

Jan. 21, 2011 -- Mass graves, mud and snow, and overwhelming fire power are among the memories that Lt. Col. Mark Viney, director of the Amy Heritage and Education Center, shared during a firsthand account of  his unit's role in the Bosnian peacekeeping mission, Viney recounted the story of the 1st Squadron “Quarterhorse”, 4th Cavalry Regiment role as part of the Perspectives in Military History series Jan. 19 in Ridgway Hall.

Throughout his lecture Viney brought to the audience's minds the sights and smells that he and his men lived with.  He recalled how a fellow Soldier, having just returned from providing security at the mass graves that littered the countryside, burned his uniform because that was the only way to rid himself of the stink of death. 

“There is something about mud that is different from dirt or snow.  It is demoralizing.  It gets into you,” he said.

In 1992, the newly independent nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina began a three-year civil war between the Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats for supremacy.  The war ended with the signing of the Dayton Peace Accord in Dec. 1995.

In Jan. 1996, Viney’s unit, as part of the first-ever ground operation conducted by NATO, deployed to Bosnia for 11 months.  The "Quarterhorse" played a pivotal role in the effort to mend the nation and uphold the peace.

During the 1990s, the American military was involved in peacekeeping and stability operations which was an entirely different animal than they had trained for during the Cold War, according to Viney.  What set Bosnia apart from other peacekeeping operations such as Somalia, was that combat units were used to enforce the peace. 

“One of the reasons we were successful in Bosnia is because the NATO Soldiers had overwhelming mass and fire power,” said Viney.  “In stability operations mass is just as important as in combat.  This was one of the lessons we learned in Somalia.”

The lessons of Bosnia contributed to the professional development of those leaders whowould lead combat and stability operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, he said.

“I don’t think we could have done what we are doing in Iraq and Afghanistan if we hadn’t first done it in Bosnia.   We accomplished what they said was impossible,” said Viney.

Upcoming Perspectives in Military History lectures:

Wed, February 16, 2011

"The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War"

Perspectives in Military History Lecture Series with Dr. Richard J. Sommers

Wed, March 16, 2011

"Military Transformation: The Japanese Army during the 1920s and 1930s"

Perspectives in Military History Lecture Series with Dr. Edward Drea

For a complete list go to the upcoming eventspage at the USAHEC webpage.

Suzanne Reynolds, Public Affairs Office
  The U.S. Army War College will honor a Danish alumnus of the Class of 2000 who has reached the highest position in his nation’s armed forces at an Induction Ceremony on Monday, Jan. 24 at 11:30 a.m., Bliss Hall auditorium here
  The College will welcome back Maj. Gen. Niels Bundsgaard, who is the Chief of the Danish Defence Personnel Organization. 
  The first Danish commander in Iraq, in 2003, Bundsgaard has served as Commander Army Operational Command Denmark (Chief of the Army), responsible for the development, training and deployment of the Danish Army from January 2009 to August 2010.  He was promoted in 2008 to major general and served as General Officer Commanding, Danish Division.
  The USAWC Class of 2011 will gather to celebrate Maj. Gen. Bundsgaard’s accomplishments and learn from his address at the International Fellows Hall of Fame event.
  Bundsgaard joins a uniquely prestigious alumni group as the 32nd member of the USAWC International Fellows Hall of Fame.
Area near IHOF to be temporarily closed
  The stairwell and elevator by the "C" wing in Root Hall will be temporarily closed from 12-12:30 p.m. on Monday, Jan. 24 in order to support the International Fellows Hall of Fame induction. The area will reopen immediately after the induction. The stairwell and elevator at the "A" wing will remain open.

USAHEC salutes a True Soldier—retired Army Maj. Dick Winters
  Jan. 10, 2011--Retired Army Maj. Richard ‘Dick’ Winters, a member of E Company, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Infantry Division during WWII, epitomized the humanity of being a Soldier in the U.S. Army, said Lt. Col. Mark Viney, director of the Army Heritage and Education Center.
  The Lebanon Daily News reported on Monday, Jan. 10, that Winters died following a lengthy illness.
  Winters’ unit’s service during WWII was portrayed in the “Band of Brothers” books and miniseries.
  “He was an outstanding combat leader who tenaciously strove to accomplish every mission and was also an extremely humble man who was dedicated to his unit and his men,” said Viney.
  “Dick Winter’s passing reminds us of the terrible human cost of WWII, which was a tragedy of a scale that we cannot fathom today.  Worldwide, an estimated 70 million people lost their lives, half of whom were civilians.  Over 16 million Americans served in uniform during WWII of which 418,000 lost their lives.  The Department of Veterans Affairs says only 1 out of 15 of our WWII veterans are still with us,” Viney said.
  Viney expressed gratitude that Winters donated a collection of personal papers to the Military History Institute at its grand opening in Sep. 2004.
  The papers are preserved for eternity and are available for researchers to use, as part of a collection of over 15 million photographs, diaries, letters, and other personal documents, plus more than 50,000 artifacts.
  “The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pa. exists to keep the memory of Army veterans like Dick Winters alive,” said Lt. Col. Mark Viney.  “We preserve Army heritage, honor our veterans, and educate the Army and the nation on the role of the Soldier in the development and protection of our nation.”
  “The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center salutes retired Maj. Dick Winters and all the veterans of WWII,” said Viney. 
  “The memory of their patriotism and dedicated service will never fade,” said Viney.

LESSONS LEARNED:  Vietnam POW to share experiences with local residents
  A retired Air Force officer who spent six years in Vietnam’s infamous “Hanoi Hilton” prison camp will talk about this life-changing experience — and the lessons it taught him about himself — in an upcoming presentation sponsored by First Command Financial Services, Thursday, Jan. 27, 7:30-8:30 p.m., Downtown Carlisle Theatre, 40 West High Street.
  Barry Bridger’s thought-provoking presentation will focus on how he and his fellow POWs worked together to survive their years of incarceration.   In this story of survival, bravery, teamwork and patriotism, Bridger will share how the POW experience has helped him assess what is truly important in his life.
  This event is free and open to the public.  Your donation of a canned food item to benefit PROJECT Share will be gratefully accepted.
  None know better than the combat veterans that the cost of freedom is high, but the blessings of liberty are priceless,” says Lt. Col. Barry Bridger, an F-4 pilot who was shot down over North Vietnam.

Don't forget about the Claremont Road gate

Every day, during morning rush hours, the commercial vehicle checkpoint is opened up for cars with DoD decals. This means that Claremont Road gate can actually handle twice the amount of traffic as the Ashburn Drive Gate, according to James Chesser, Carlisle Barracks Police Chief.  This can come in handy during times like this morning when there is a snow-related delay and 1,000 students, staff and faculty are all coming to work at the same time, causing traffic to build up on Route 11.

So next time is snows or traffic builds up at the Ashburn Drive gate, be a good neighbor and use the Claremont Road gate if you can. You’ll save yourself time and make the roads safer for everyone.  

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs

Tricare Young Adult Program announced

                 The Department of Defense announced today its introduction of the premium-based Tricare Young Adult Program (TYAP) which extends medical coverage to eligible military family members to the age of 26.  Expected to be in place later this spring, TYAP implements the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of fiscal 2011.  Premium costs for TYAP are not yet finalized, but the NDAA specifies rates must cover the full cost of the program. 

                The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 required civilian health plans to offer coverage to adult children until age 26.  Tricare previously met or exceeded key tenets of national health reform, including restrictions on annual limits, lifetime maximums, "high user" cancellations, or denial of coverage for pre-existing conditions ? but did not include this expanded coverage for adult children.  Dependent eligibility for Tricare previously ended at age 21 or age 23 for full-time college students. 

                The fiscal 2011 NDAA now gives the DoD the authority to offer similar benefits to young adults under Tricare.  

                "We've been working hard to make sure we could put Tricare Young Adult on a fast track," said Tricare Deputy Director, Rear. Adm. Christine Hunter.  "Fortunately for our beneficiaries concerned about health care coverage for their adult children, the law signed by the President includes opportunities for military families to elect this new premium-based plan retroactive to Jan.1." 

                Beginning later this spring, qualified, unmarried dependents up to age 26 will be able to purchase Tricare coverage on a month-to-month basis ? as long as they are not eligible for their own employer-sponsored health coverage. 

                "This program has the potential to extend Tricare coverage to several hundred thousand additional beneficiaries," said Hunter. "The premium allows us to provide this excellent benefit to our military families while responsibly addressing the impact of health care costs on the DoD budget."

                Initially, the benefit offered will be a premium-based Tricare standard benefit.  Eligible family members who receive health care between now and the date the program is fully implemented may want to purchase TYAP retroactively and should save their receipts.  Premiums will have to be paid back to Jan. 1, 2011, in order to obtain reimbursement.  

                Adults who are no longer eligible for Tricare, but need health insurance coverage, may wish to explore the Continued Health Care Benefit Program (CHCBP).  CHCBP is a premium-based program offering temporary transitional health coverage for 18-36 months.  Coverage must be purchased within 60 days of loss of Tricare eligibility.  

                For more information on TYAP and CHCBP visit http:/ .

USAWC Strategy Conference: Reintegrating Veterans into American Society

What are the physical, mental, and economic impacts on members of the U.S. military profession as they return to society? What are the policy implications of these impacts?

Panelists David Lyle, of the Office of Economic and Manpower Analysis, George Rutherford, of the University of California and Joseph Sabia, of the U.S. Military Academy, will discuss this topic during the U.S. Army War College’s XXII Annual Strategy Conference, April 5-7 at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. 

The is just one of the panels that will be held during the conference, designed to address the role of the military, the potential divergence of military professional values from those of the society from which it derives, the challenges America faces in providing qualified new entrants into the military profession, and the reintegration of departing members of the profession back into larger society.

Guest speakers include Greg Mortenson, author of “Three Cups of Tea,” and Gen.  Martin E. Dempsey, TRADOC commander. The conference co-directors, Dr. Lenny Wong and Prof. Trey Braun of the Strategic Studies Institute, will lead a group of distinguished scholars in examining this timely and relevant subject.

Visit, to register, view the agenda, and find other administrative information. 

Thomas Zimmerman, Army War College Public Affairs Office
TRADOC commander has open dialogue with USAWC students


Gen.  Martin Dempsey, Commanding General of Training and Doctrine Command, spoke to Army War College students about the Army profession via VTC about Jan. 11. Photo by Thomas Zimmerman.   


Jan. 11, 2011 – The stories of Rick Rescorla and Staff Sgt. Sal Giunta couldn’t be more different and yet more relevant to the Army profession.  

Rescorla, a second lieutenant in the Army who served in the Battle of Ia Drang in Vietnam, saved hundreds of lives while ultimately losing his own at the World Trade Center.

Giunta was recently awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in Afghanistan in Oct 2007.

Gen.  Martin Dempsey opened his remarks with these two stories when speaking to Army War College students in a video-teleconference, Jan. 11. The Commanding General of Training and Doctrine Command spoke to the Army’s War College students about the Army profession, and offered these stories as examples of the importance and life-long impact of the profession of arms. 

The best Soldiers have confidence in the men and women to their left and right, and confidence in the institution.   Dempsey reminded the Army colonels and lieutenant colonels of the class to recognize that they are entrusted to develop the institution, and challenged them to consider the changing environment and their role in the future of the Army.

“The environment we live in today is more competitive and we are looking for a way to operate in it,” he said.  “It’s hard to get you these seats with this OPTEMPO. We’re taking you out of theater for a year … you need to make the best of it.”

He urged them to get behind the new terminology, mission command, and the challenges of balancing the science and art of command.  He asked them to participate in the yearlong review of the profession of the Army.

And, he forecast the challenges the Army and its junior officers will face when the OPTEMPO changes. The  Army has about two years to change the way it operates in order to continue to inspire junior Soldiers, he said.

 “Gen. Dempsey and TRADOC have always done a good job in making sure that leaders have the right education and other tools we need to operate in a VUCA environment,” said Lt. Col. Chuck Grindle, USAWC student. “He has always done a great job in painting the picture to show us what we need to do to get to where we need to be.” 

Dempsey also spoke to a fundamental concern for him -- that subordinates never have enough time and that leaders must help them prioritize. “Articulate to the force what you want them to be masters of. If you don’t do that we become very thin in our proficiencies.”

Related links:

Center for the Army Profession and Ethic

Carlisle Area School District--Impact Aid
  Impact aid is federal financial assistance (money) provided to local educational agencies (elementary & secondary) where enrollments or availability of revenue are adversely affected by Federal activities (tax base of the district is reduced through the Federal acquisition of property; where there are a significant number of children who live on federal properties and / or whose parents are employed on Federal property or in the Uniformed Services).
  The Carlisle Area School District is provided federal assistance based on the number of children who have parents who are federally connected.  The district receives more funds for children living on Post attending their schools and a bit less for civilians who work on Post and have children attending their district.
  Please be aware that the schools within the Carlisle Area School District ONLY will be distributing the Impact Aid survey forms this Friday, Jan. 7. If you have children in attendance within the Carlisle Area School District, you are required to fill out an Impact Aid form for each child and return it to each child’s school by Friday, Jan. 14
  If you need Impact Aid survey forms, please call your child’s respective school in order to request a copy be sent home with your child.
  All questions about Impact Aid may be directed to the School Liaison Officer at 717-245-4638.
  For more information about Impact Aid, please access the United States Department of Education website at  

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

First Decade of the 21st Century at the U.S. Army War College

(Jan. 12, 2011) -- Jan. 1, 2001 dawned peacefully at the U.S. Army War College.  Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany was serving as the college’s 43rd commandant and America was about to inaugurate a new president.  The mission of the War College was to prepare our nation’s most senior officers for service at the highest levels of command.  We were, after all, operating in the post-Cold War era.  We still fought, and trained our senior leadership to fight traditional armies.

As we began the first decade of the 21st Century Bill Clinton was preparing to hand of the presidency to George W. Bush.  As we begin the second decade of the 21st Century, Barack Obama is half way through his first term in office.

Ten years later much is still the same.  Students still roam the halls honing the skills that will enable them to further develop as strategic leaders, hardworking men and women work behind the scene supporting Carlisle Barracks and Army War College programs.  Families come here for a chance to reconnect and strengthen their hearts, minds and bodies.   

But it is also different.  As a military we have evolved from an Army preparing to fight a traditional war, to one that fights terrorism in an uncertain world.   To prepare the military’s leadership for this “brave new world” the Army War College has also evolved.  The new mission is one that is committed to “develop, inspire and serve strategic leaders for the wise and effective application of national power.”

Here is my 100 percent guaranteed prediction for Jan 1, 2021: The USAWC will continue to be the “world’s best institution for developing strategic leaders and thought.”


  • In 2001, current Army War College Commandant Maj. Gen. Martin, then Lt. Col. Martin was assigned to the War College as an instructor.
  • In 2001 there were 175 enlisted Soldiers stationed at Carlisle Barracks, today there are 58.
  • In 2001, 51 percent of Army War College students were veterans of the Southwest Asia campaigns of 1990-91, In 2010 66 percent were veterans of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • In 2001 301 distance education students graduated, in 2010 there were 350.
  • In 2001 42 International Fellows, representing 42 countries were attending the War College, there are 50 Fellows representing 49 countries in the class of 2011.
  • In 2001 you could still download music for free, and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg was a high school junior.
  • In 2001 a gallon of gas went for about $1, in 2010 it cost approximately $3.


  • In 2001 there were 334members of the resident class, in 2010 there were 337.
  • In 2001 we were stationed in Kuwait, we are still there.
  • Carlisle, Pa.  is a great place to live.
  • The U.S. Army War College remains a critical player in preparing senior leaders to become strategic practioners.



Jan.      The Army War College marked the 10th Anniversary of the beginning of the air war against Jan. 16, 2001.

Feb.     The War College celebrated 100 years as the senior educational institution of the U.S. Army and 50 years of being located at Carlisle    Barracks.

June     The class of 2001 became the first class to be awarded the Master of Strategic Studies degree.

June     Army adapts black beret for all Soldiers.

Sept.    The Army War College and Dickenson College enter a new partnership by creating the Omar Bradley Chair, a shared chair in strategic leadership.

Sept.    Nation, post cope with the, “nightmare of Sept. 11.”  Lt. Col. Canfield D. “Bud” Boone, a USAWC distance education student, died in the attack.

Oct.      The 988th MP platoon from Ft. Benning, Ga., arrived to augment Carlisle Barracks security.

Nov.    The Soldier Show comes to Carlisle Barracks as part of the USAWC Centennial Celebration.           


Jan.      Civilian guards begin manning the gates at Carlisle Barracks.

Feb.     Lt. Col. Thomas Smith, post garrison commander, announced that diverted troops would no longer man Carlisle Barracks gates.

March  USAWC focuses on Homeland Security for the first time during the annual Strategic Crisis Exercise.

June     Lt. Col. John Koivisto becomes garrison commander.

Aug.     Shughart Hall, the new enlisted barracks open at Carlisle Barracks.

Oct.      Carlisle Barracks begins housing privatization process.          


March It is announced that the Army War College will join other Army schools under TRADOC.

March  Command Sgt. Maj. David Roman becomes garrison Sergeant Major.

March  Operation Iraqi Freedom begins.

April    The Carlisle Barracks DOIM completes an A-76 evaluation as Remtech, Metro Productions and Cordev, assume duties formerly held by government workers.

April    Thorpe Gym reopens after renovations that restored it to the way it looked during the days of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.

July      Maj. Gen. Robert Ivany, commandant USAWC, retires. 

July      Dr. William Johnsen named Dean of Academics.

Aug.     Maj. Gen. David H. Huntoon Jr. becomes the 46th USAWC commandant.

Nov.    Command Sgt. Maj. Kenneth O. Preston was named 13th sergeant major of the Army.

Dec.     Members of the 4th Infantry Division and Taskforce Ironhorse capture Saddam Hussein.


April    Post traffic patterns change as Ashburn Drive gate opens for DoD decal entrance only.

April    The Army War College loses Jim Thorpe Sports Day.

 May    President George W. Bush becomes the first sitting president since Washington to visit Carlisle Barracks.

July      Command Sgt. Major David Roman bids farewell to Carlisle Barracks.

July      Carlisle Barracks welcomes Lt. Col. Ty McPhillips as the new garrison commander.

Sept.    The U.S. Military History Institute at Ridgeway Hall opens.

Dec.     Command Sgt. Maj. Franklin A. Saunders assumes the duties as the Command Sergeant Major of the USAWC.


Jan.      Congress approves the Carlisle Barracks Residential Community Initiative to privatize post housing.

Feb.     Department of the Army police officers assume MP duties at Carlisle Barracks

Feb.     Retired Ukrainian Col. Leonid Polyakov, a 1995 graduate of the USAWC, is named the Ukrainian 1st Deputy Defense Minister.

June     The Moore Child Development Center was awarded the nation’s first STAR certification by the Environmental Protection Agency.

July      Suicide bombers kill 52 people and wound 700 others in an attack on London’s public transportation system.

Aug.     The Heritage Trail opens at the Army Heritage and Education Center.

Sept.    Bouquet Hall, the former garrison headquarters, is demolished.

Oct.      Stanwix apartments close after 55 years.

Nov.    Post Command Sgt. Maj. Franklin Saunders says goodbye to Carlisle Barracks.

Dec.     Carlisle Barracks host the 50th Annual Senior Citizens Holiday Social.


Jan.      Army adapts new Army Combat Uniform.

Jan.      Carlisle Barracks welcomes Command Sgt. Maj. Raymond Houston as post command sergeant major.

March  Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld speaks to students and faculty at the USAWC.

May     USAWC establishes new Strategic and Theater Intelligence Chair

June     USAWC graduates students from Iraq and Afghanistan.

July      Post welcomes new garrison commander, Lt. Col. Sergio Dickerson.

Nov.    “Army Strong” becomes the new Army slogan.


Jan.      Carlisle Barracks celebrates 250th anniversary.

April    Gen. George W. Casey Jr. becomes the 36th  Chief  of Staff of the Army.

July      New and improved Young Hall opens for residents.

Sept.    USAWC becomes the first Army school to offer wireless internet access.

Oct.      Carlisle Barracks wins the 2007 Army Lodging of the Year (Small Category).

Oct.      Carlisle Barracks team wins first place at the Army Ten-Miler.


March  Command Sgt. Maj. Ted Lopez becomes post sergeant major.

Aug.     “The Meadows” housing units open.

Sept.    Army announces new “Army Service Uniform.”

Sept.    Command Sgt. Maj. Jose Powell becomes post sergeant major.

Dec.     President George W. Bush visits USAWC for the second time during his presidency.


Jan.      2009 named “Year of the NCO.”

Feb.     Delaney Field Clubhouse opens.

April    Defense Secretary Robert Gates speaks to War College students.

June     USAWC lunches Facebook site.

July      Lt. Col. Janet Holliday assumes command of garrison.

Aug.     Class of 2010 welcomes 50 international fellows.

Nov.    Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan kills 13 people during a shooting at Fort Hood.


Jan.      Army War College lunches YouTube site, which features USAWC expertise and guest speakers.

March  Dr. Leonard Wong and Dr. Stephen Gerras publish, The Effects of Multiple Deployments on Army Adolescents.

Aug.     Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin becomes 48th Commandant, USAWC.

Aug.     Command Sgt. Maj. Robert Blakey becomes post sergeant major.

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs Office

USAWC 2010:  Year in Review

(Jan. 11, 2011) --  In 2010, the U.S. Army War College revamped its mission to “develop, inspire and serve strategic leaders for the wise and effective application of national power,in a joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational environment, emphasizing development and employment of land power.” The new mission recognizes five lines of operations: 

- Educates select military, civilian, and international leaders

- Supports worldwide practitioners

- Conducts research, and publishes to inform thought

- Supports the Army’s strategic communication efforts

- Provides comprehensive well-being education and support.

Throughout the year, the public affairs office followed the major efforts and milestones of the Army War College/Carlisle Barracks community



The CBSC also donated $500 to theSadler Health Center’sNurse Family Partnership Program to buy cabinet latches, car seats and other safety devices for low-income, first-time mothers.



  • USAWC students put a strategic twist on college panel discussionsas they traveled to colleges and universities across the United States to speak to students as part of the Eisenhower Series College Program.
  • Also in April the 21st Strategy Conference tackled the definition of war.  The conference, “Defining War for the 21st Century” was designed to stimulate the intellectual discourse, to foster informed policymaking process, and to develop effective U.S. strategy in the post-September 11 world. The conference included a keynote address by Profes­sor Martin van Creveld, a banquet presentation by retired Maj. Gen.Robert Scales, and panels on the his­torical context; the instigation of war; the end of wars; the participants in war; the rule sets governing war; and the policy, strategy, and organizational implications of defin­ing war.
  • A new face to help Carlisle Barracks usher in Earth Daywas unveiled in March.  Col. Carlisle, the the post’s mascot for environmental awareness, was introduced at the post’s first Earth Day celebration – an outgrowth of its annual TreeCityUSA event.
  • Though it’s been said ‘it’s not easy being green,’ the Carlisle Barracks Earth Day celebration showcase ‘Army Green’ post.  Children from the post Child Development Centerhelped plant a tree.  The tree planting ceremony was followed by a beekeeper demo, and a seeding of a wildflower embankment to help soil erosion.
  • Comprehensive Soldier Fitness is a key phrase in today’s Army, and a way of life in the Army War College community.  In April, a USAWC series focused on resilience and comprehensive fitness.  Comprehensive Soldier Fitness is a program to develop and institute holistic fitness programs for Soldiers, families, and Army civilians in order to enhance performance and build resilience.  Comprehensive Soldier Fitness program encompasses the five dimensions of strength: physical, emotional, social, family and spiritual. A key component of that program is Master Resilience Training, developed in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania.
  • Later in April a peacekeeping partnership was established with Dickinson CollegePKSOIcollaborated with Dickinson Collegeto create new educational opportunities for students and faculty in Dickinson's new security-studies program.
  • On April 26, local educators were thanked for their dedication in working with the children of military families during and outstanding educators reception at Carlisle Barracks.



  • In June the academic year closed for the resident class with the June 12th graduationof the class of 2010.  The graduating class of 2010 included of 336 students, including 266 U.S. officers from the Army, Air Force, Navy Marines, and Coast Guard and senior officers from 49 nations. As well as the military officers, 27 senior civilian employees from various U.S. federal agencies received degrees.
  • Earlier this month, a special event brought together civilian, military leaders to discuss national security issues.  The Army War College welcomed more than 150 new members of the National Strategy Seminar, June 7-11, and sent them into 20 different seminar rooms to exchange thoughts about compelling and challenging topics national security. These discussions provided a mix of opinions and gave the topics new dimension for faculty and students. 
  • Maj. Gen. Robert M. Williams, USAWC commandant, retired in June.  His retirement ended a 36 year career in uniform that started as a “knob” at The Citadel in Charleston, S.C.



  • The 43rd Perspectives in Military History lecture series kicked offin August with the inaugural Omar N. Bradley Memorial Lecture in Bliss Hall Aug. 18 by Dr. Mark E. Neely, Jr. on the topic of “The Role of the Constitution in the Civil War.”
  • Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin assumed commandof the Army War College on Aug. 13.  He is the 48th Commandant of the Army War College. Gen. Martin Dempsey, commander of the Army Training and Doctrine Command, officiated, calling the U.S. Army War College a ‘national treasure.’
  • The AHEC constructionprojects continued as work began on the roof of the Conservation Facility.
  • Carlisle Barracks reaffirmed commitment to familieswith the signing of the Army Family Covenant on Aug. 9.
  • On Aug. 6, the Army War College held its opening ceremonyto officially welcome the class of 2011.
  • Three days later, retired Gen. David McKiernan became the first guest speakerfor the class.





Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, USAWC Public Affairs

Remembering Dr. King

(Jan. 11, 2011) -- Every January, throughout the United States, as well as Toronto, Canada and Hiroshima, Japan, people gather to celebrate the life and works of civil rights and peace activist Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.  On Jan. 10 the Soldiers and civilians of Carlisle Barracks gathered at Wil Washcoe auditorium in Root Hall, to remember King’s life and works.

"It is important that we remember Dr. King because he tried to make people realize that all men and woman are created equally," said Sgt. 1st Class Timothy Banks, the equal opportunity advisor for the Army War College.  "Without his vision, efforts and leadership we would not be where we are today."

Dickenson College Professor Kim Lacy Rogers, who has written two books on the civil rights movement was the events guest speaker.  Rogers compared King’s philosophy of nonviolence and service to the core values of military service. 

“Dr. King promoted peace and reconciliation among all warring parties,” she said.  “His love of community, his love of the common man and woman who worked together for the common good, represented the sacrifice and self service for the greater good.”

Rogers explained that one of the reasons King and his followers were able to practice nonviolence was because there were, within the movement, armed protectors who were willing to do what it took to protect themselves and others.

Her story of Jerome Smith, a member of the Congress of Racial Equality, was one example.  As part of Rogers’ oral history project, Smith recounted how he was escorted to safety by a black minister.  When Smith expressed concern for the minister who had to walk home alone, the minister smiled and showed Smith the Bible and handgun he was carrying.  The minister told Smith that keeping him alive so he could change the world was more important than worrying about death.

“My strongest memory was never being isolated due to the strength of purpose of being united under one purpose,” said Smith.  That strength of purpose rang true for those in the audience.

“We are the protectors of the country and its freedoms so people can exercise their rights,” said Sgt. 1st Class Jason Bowden.

Rogers drew parallels between King’s “beloved community” and the Army’s core value of sacrifice for the common good. 

“We are not free until all of us are free.  We are not safe until all of us are safe.  We are never alone in this work,” said Rogers.

Be prepared when winter weather comes

Wondering where to go for information about post closures, delays?

   The best place to check for all official post operations is the information line at 245-3700. Updated at least daily, this number always has the latest on post operations.

Also check the USAWC Facebook page at and the Banner at

    You can also find information about delays or closures on the following media outlets.

Television Stations

·         WGAL-TV 8

·         WHP CBS 21

·         WHTM-TV ABC 27

·         Fox 43

·         WITF


Radio Stations

·         Carlisle - WIOO (1000AM).

·         Harrisburg - WHP (580 AM); WITF (89.5 FM); WRVV (97.3 FM); WNNK

·         (104.1 FM); WTCY (1400 AM); WWKL (92.1 FM); WTPA (93.5 FM); BOB (94.9 FM);

·         KISS (99.3 FM).

·         Chambersburg - WCHA (800 AM); WQCM (94.3 FM); WIKZ (95.1 FM).

·         Greencastle - WCBG (1590 AM); WSRT (92.1 FM); WAYZ (104.7 FM); WWMD

·         (101.5 FM).

·         Gettysburg - WGET (1320 AM); WGTY (107.7 FM).



·         Carlisle Sentinel

·         Harrisburg Patriot-News

   Preparing your home

    Start to prepare your home for the winter cold, snow and ice now so it will be ready when the bad weather arrives. There are several things a person can do to make sure their home is ready for winter weather. recommends that dead branches should be removed from trees.  Ice and snow could cause weak branches to break and cause damage to structures. Also, as days become shorter, make sure your outdoor lighting is in good working order.  Good lighting can protect you against crime and falls.

   You should check smoke and Co2 detectors to make sure they are working properly. Replace the batteries if they are not hard-wired to your electrical system.

    "It's a good idea to get into the habit of changing your smoke detector batteries when the time changes for daylight savings," said Jim O'Connell, Carlisle Barracks fire department. "When you change your clocks, just make a point to change the smoke detector batteries, too."

    Always make sure you have a snow shovel and salt on hand to keep your sidewalks clear of snow and ice. This can prevent injury from falls, says the FEMA website.

    If you have a weather related emergency this winter contact the Carlisle Barracks Fire Department at 245-4419.  For all other issues call the Department of Public Works order desk at 245-4019.

             Home preparation check list

  • Make sure exterior vents are clear.
  • Remove exterior garden hoses and shut off faucets.
  • Remove weak trees and branches.
  • Check outdoor lighting.
  • Check and change batteries in fire and Co2 detectors.
  • Make sure you have a snow shovel and salt for sidewalks.

Preparing your car

    A well running car in the winter can be the difference between making it home and sitting in the cold.

   You should place a winter emergency kit in each car, which should include a shovel, windshield scraper, battery powered radio, extra batteries, water, snack food, extra hats and mittens, a flashlight, chain or rope, road salt and sand, booster cables and emergency flares.


            Car preparation check list

  • Keep oil changes up to date.
  • Check radiator fluid/flush.
  • Check fluid levels.
  • Check all belts.
  • Check all hoses.
  • Check or replace wiper blades.
  • Check tire tread.
  • Check or replace battery.
  • Check or replace thermostat.
  • Lubricate working parts.
  • Make sure you have an emergency kit.

Winter driving tips

    Ice, snow and slush on the roads in the winter can create a very hazardous situation. Planning ahead can make your road trips much safer. You should always plan ahead with safety in mind.  Be sure to check the forecast; if a winter storm is predicted for the area in which you will be driving, think twice, (or) ask yourself if the trip is necessary.  Also, check road condition reports on the television, radio or Internet.

    When driving in the winter, always wear your seatbelt; remove ice and snow from windows, license plates and lights; reduce your speed while driving; watch for slick spots under bridges and on overpasses and keep your gas tank at least two-thirds full to prevent the vehicle's fuel line from freezing.

            Winter driving check list

  • Watch weather reports.
  • Watch road condition reports.
  • Wear seatbelts.
  • Clear ice from windows and lights.
  • Reduce your speed.
  • Watch for slick spots on the road.
  • Keep gas tank at least two-thirds full.


    Start preparing for the winter months now so you're ready when harsh weather strikes.

Karen Parrish, American Forces Press Service
President authorizes U.S. Joint Forces Command closing

WASHINGTON, Jan. 7, 2011 - President Barack Obama issued an official memorandum yesterday authorizing Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates to dissolve U.S. Joint Forces Command.

"I hereby accept the recommendations of the secretary of defense and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and approve the disestablishment of United States Joint Forces Command, effective on a date to be determined by the secretary of defense," the memo read in part.

In the document, Obama also directed Gates to notify the Congress on his behalf.

Gates announced in August that he would recommend the command be eliminated and its essential functions assigned to other organizations. During a Pentagon news conference yesterday, Gates said about half of the Norfolk, Va.-based command's missions would be reassigned to other organizations but should be retained in the Norfolk-Suffolk area of Virginia.

Army Gen. Raymond T. Odierno commands Joint Forces Command, which is responsible for the military's joint training, doctrine and operations. In August, Gates said that with the depth of joint experience now established in the services through experience in Afghanistan, Iraq and around the world, the need for such a joint advocate has lessened.

The military no longer requires a "separate four-star combatant command, which, in the case of [Joint Forces Command] entails about 2,800 military and civilian positions and roughly 3,000 contractors of all kinds at an annual cost of at least $240 million to operate," the secretary said.

In a written statement issued today, Odierno pledged all possible help for the command's work force.

"We continue to work closely with the Pentagon, the Virginia [congressional] delegation and the governor's office in our detailed planning effort," the statement said. "The input and involvement of the Virginia delegation and the governor's office have been very valuable to me, and we will continue to work together towards a final plan in the near future.

"U.S. Joint Forces Command has an exceptionally skilled and capable work force that will continue to make contributions to the joint warfighter," the general continued. "We will do everything we can to assist the work force going forward."

William Bradner, FMWRC Public Affairs
Nominations for 2011 Soldier Show due Jan. 18

Nominations for performer and technician positions in the 2011 U.S. Army Soldier Show are being accepted through January 18, 2011.

“The packets need to be here on the 18th,” according the Army Entertainment Division Director Andy Gilliam, “because we’re opening them up and making audition selections on the 19th.”

AED is seeking vocalists, dancers, and musicians to perform, as well as lighting, audio, video, costuming and stage technicians to support the performers. The Soldier show is a high-energy live musical that showcases the talents of Soldiers.  National Guard and Army Reserve Soldiers must be activated by their units to be eligible.

“It’s the toughest job you’ll ever love,” explained Army Entertainment Director Andy Gilliam.

"The courage it takes for these Soldiers to get on stage and perform a 75-minute routine is tremendous,” he explained. “Not only do we take them out of their comfort zone and make them do things they are not used to, we ask them to do it in six weeks. This includes the vocal training, choreography, scene/costume transitions, set build and tear down, and more.”

The Soldier performers and technicians also are their own road crew, setting up and breaking down the stage and lighting at each of the 70-plus stops the tour makes worldwide each year. They tour primarily by bus in the continental U.S., with a handful of overseas performances at the end of the season.

"To successfully manage this tour, all soldiers gain strength from each other, Family members, religious beliefs, physical training, and self preservation,” Gilliam said. “Once a Soldier becomes comfortable with the daily routine and confident with their performance, they shine. They shine because they put their heart and soul into something they love to do for the many men and women who play a part in protecting our way of life, be it military, civilian, Family members, or retirees.”

The selection of nominees through local installation and/or regional level competitions is encouraged, but not required. Interested Soldiers may self nominate by sending their packets directly to the AED offices.

All nominations must include a DA Photo, copy of the Soldiers enlisted or officer record brief, current physical test scores, and a copy of the latest NCO Evaluation Report or Officer Evaluation Report. Performers must also submit a video-audition on DVD and technicians are required to submit a resume and photos of past work.

Complete details on the nomination process are available on

AED Officials will review all packets and select 12-20 Soldiers to travel to Fort Belvoir, Va., for live auditions. All travel costs will be paid for by the Family and MWR Command. Soldiers selected through the audition process will be attached to AED through Nov. 30, 2011, and must have a letter of release from their command endorsed by a battalion-level or Lt. Col or equivalent officer.

Nominations should be sent to: U.S. Army Soldier Show, Attn:  2011 Selection Committee, PO Box 439, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060.

For more information, visit:

Gates reveals budget efficiencies, reinvestment possibilities

Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service


WASHINGTON, Jan. 6, 2011 - The Defense Department has found $154 billion in efficiencies over the next five years and will be able to invest $70 billion of that saved money in more deserving accounts, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said today.


The secretary announced the savings and reinvesting of the efficiencies during a Pentagon news conference.


Gates emphasized that the nation is at war and faces a range of future security threats. "It is important to not repeat the mistakes of the past by making drastic and ill-conceived cuts to the overall defense budget," he said. "At the same time, it is imperative for this department to eliminate wasteful, excessive and unneeded spending."


Gates said he wants every dollar invested in defense spent in the smartest manner. The efficiencies continue a process to reshape and re-balance the defense budget that has already saved the nation $300 billion, he noted.


The secretary announced efficiencies in modernization accounts. He said he agrees with the Navy and Marine Corps recommendation to cancel the expeditionary fighting vehicle program, which already has consumed $3 billion to develop and would require another $12 billion to build.


Gates said he also will restructure the F-35 joint strike fighter program. The Air Force and Navy variants of the fighter are on schedule, but the short take-off and landing variant is experiencing significant testing problems.


"As a result, I am placing the STOVL variant on the equivalent of a two-year probation," Gates said. "If we cannot fix this variant during this time frame and get it back on track in terms of performance, cost and schedule, then I believe it should be cancelled."


The secretary said he also wants changes to the military's TRICARE medical program, noting that fees have not risen since the program was introduced in 1995. He said he will propose modest increases to fees for working-age military retirees.


These changes also will be part of the fiscal 2012 budget request. The Army will cancel procurement of the SLAMRAAM surface-to air-missile and the non-line-of-sight launch system.


The efficiencies will change the way the department uses information technology, consolidating hundreds of information technology centers to save more than $1 billion a year, Gates said.


"At the same time," he added, "I am not satisfied with the progress we have made in this area since August, and expect to make a follow-on announcement with a specific plan of action by next month."


The efficiencies will cut the number of contractors. "Overall, we will cut the size of the staff support contractor cadre by 10 percent per year for three years and realize nearly $3 billion in total savings," the secretary said.


A third efficiency will trim the size of the defense work force and place more in areas with the most pressing need, he said. This should yield $4 billion in savings, he added.


Gates is also said he's initiating changes in the defense intelligence apparatus, and will eliminate or downgrade general and flag officer positions. He will also eliminate or downgrade 200 senior executive positions.


The efficiencies will eliminate the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Network Intelligence and Information, the Business Transformation Agency and the U.S. Joint Forces Command, Gates said, though roughly 50 percent of Joint Forces Command will survive and be assigned to other organizations.


In April, Gates instructed the services to find at least $100 billion over five years in overhead savings that they could keep and shift to higher-priority programs. They have done so. In addition, defense agencies have found $54 billion in possible efficiencies.


Air Force leaders have proposed efficiencies that will total $34 billion over five years. The Army has proposed $29 billion in savings, and the Navy looks to savings of $35 billion over five years.


Of the $100 billion in savings, the services will use about $28 billion to deal with higher-than-expected operating expenses. These costs include health care, pay and housing allowances, sustainment of weapons systems, depot maintenance, base support and flight hours and other training.


"Frankly, using the savings in this way was not my original intent or preference," Gates said, "but we have little choice but to deal with these so-called 'must-pay' bills ?- and better to confront them honestly now than through raiding investment accounts later."


But this still leaves the services with $70 billion to reinvest in higher priority systems. In the Air Force, this will mean the service can buy more Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles and enable the service to move this capability from the war budget to the base budget. It will also allow the service to increase procurement of the evolved expendable launch vehicle and to modernize radars aboard the F-15 Eagle to keep the fighter jet flying and fighting longer.


The Air Force also will be able to invest in development of a long-range, nuclear-capable bomber.


The Army will invest in soldiers by improving suicide-prevention and substance-abuse counseling. The service will also modernize its battle fleets of Abrams tanks, Bradley fighting vehicles and Stryker wheeled vehicles. The service also will accelerate fielding of the newest tactical communications network and will invest in more unmanned aerial vehicles and a new unmanned helicopter.


The Navy will accelerate procurement of electronic jamming gear and fund refurbishment of Marine Corps equipment. The service is also looking to develop a new generation of sea-borne unmanned strike and surveillance aircraft, and to buy more F-18 Super Hornets. The Navy also will be able to buy more ships, including a destroyer, a littoral combat ship and fleet oilers.


Gates stressed the need to make cuts carefully and judiciously.


"To maintain the kind of military needed for America's leadership role requires not only adequate levels of funding, but also fundamentally changing the way our defense establishment spends money and does business," Gates said. "That is why it is so important to follow through on the program of reform and overhead reduction.


"This department simply cannot risk continuing down the same path -? where our investment priorities, bureaucratic habits and lax attitude towards costs are increasingly divorced from the real threats of today, the growing perils of tomorrow and the nation's grim financial outlook," he added.

Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service
Gates recommends Dempsey as next Army Chief of Staff

WASHINGTON, Jan. 6, 2011 - Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates has recommended to President Barack Obama that he nominate Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey to be the next Army Chief of Staff.

Gates made the announcement at a Pentagon news conference.

The Army Chief of Staff is the highest-ranking Soldier and serves as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

If nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate, Dempsey would succeed Gen. George W. Casey Jr., who has served as Army chief of staff since April 2007 and will retire after more than 40 years of service.

Dempsey, 58, is commander of the Army's Training and Doctrine Command, based at Fort Monroe, Va.

Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, called Dempsey a "creative thinker and a terrific soldier" who has his unequivocal support.

Dempsey served as the acting commander of U.S. Central Command upon the retirement of Navy Adm. William Fallon in 2008. He took up the Training and Doctrine Command's reins in December 2008.

Dempsey commanded the 1st Armored Division in Iraq in 2003 and 2004, and he served as commander of the Multinational Security Transition Command in Iraq from 2007 to 2008.

He was commissioned as a second lieutenant following graduation from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., in 1974. He was assigned to Germany as an armor officer, and he served with the 3rd Armored Division during Operation Desert Storm.


Statement on Department Budget and Efficiencies
As Delivered by Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates, The Pentagon, Thursday, January 06, 2011

Today, I am announcing a number of decisions and measures that mark the next major step in this Department’s reform agenda.   

First, I will provide an update on our efforts – within the military services, and in the Department as a whole – to generate efficiency savings by reducing overhead costs, improving business practices, or culling excess or troubled programs.

Second, I’ll summarize the substantial investments that the military departments will be able to make in high priority capabilities and programs –investments made possible by the savings identified by the service leadership;

And third, I will describe how these reform efforts – if followed through to completion – will make it possible to protect the U.S. military’s size, reach and fighting strength despite a declining rate of growth – and eventual flattening – of the defense budget over the next five years.

I believe it important to present all of these interconnected changes in full and in context, so my opening remarks will be long.  And I want to thank you and Admiral Mullen for your patience in advance. Copies of this statement will be passed out following the briefing.

At the outset, I want to emphasize that while America is at war and confronts a range of future security threats, it is important to not repeat the mistakes of the past by making drastic and ill-conceived cuts to the overall defense budget.  At the same time, it is imperative for this department to eliminate wasteful, excessive, and unneeded spending.  To do everything we can to make every defense dollar count.

As a reminder, over the last two defense budgets submitted by President Obama, we have reformed and rebalanced the department’s spending habits and priorities, curtailing or cancelling troubled or excess programs that would have cost more than $300 billion if seen through to completion.  At the same time, we increased investments in proven capabilities most relevant both to the current wars and to the most likely and lethal future threats.  This follows the overall approach to budgeting set by the President: use precious taxpayer dollars to invest in key priorities critical to the core mission while cutting or reforming programs that are outdated, duplicative, or ineffective.

At this point, I should note the failure of the Congress to pass a defense appropriations bill for Fiscal Year 2011.  Operating at significantly reduced funding levels under a continuing full year resolution would cause this department severe problems, likely requiring us to curtail critical activities needed to support our troops and carry out our national security mission. 

Last spring, in recognition of the fiscal pressures the country is facing, we launched a comprehensive effort to reduce the department’s overhead expenditures.  The goal was – and is – to sustain the U.S. military’s size and strength over the long term by reinvesting those efficiency savings in force structure and other key combat capabilities.

The military services were instructed to find at least $100 billion in savings that they could keep and shift to higher priority programs.  Under Secretary Ash Carter also launched an effort to get better value and results in the contracting arena for defense goods and services.

Then in August, I announced a set of initiatives aimed at reducing overhead costs and improving efficiency across the department as a whole – with special attention to the massive headquarters and support bureaucracies outside the four military services. 

First, the military department savings.

To achieve the savings targets set last year, the uniformed service leadership conducted a thorough and vigorous scrub of our military’s bureaucratic structures, business practices, modernization programs, civilian and military personnel levels, and associated overhead costs – identifying savings that totaled approximately $100 billion over five years.  

The Air Force proposed efficiencies measures that will total some $34 billion over five years.  Among those proposals are:

  • Consolidating two air operations centers in the U.S. and two in Europe;
  • Consolidating three numbered Air Force staffs;
  • Saving $500 million by reducing fuel and energy consumption within the Air Mobility Command;
  • Improving depot and supply chain business processes to sustain weapons systems, thus improving readiness at lower cost; and
  • Reducing the cost of communications infrastructure by 25 percent.

The Army proposed $29 billion in savings over the five years.  These include:

  • Reducing manning by more than 1,000 civilian and military positions by eliminating unneeded task forces and consolidating six installation management commands into four;
  • Saving $1.4 billion in military construction costs by sustaining existing facilities;  and
  • Beginning consolidating the service’s email infrastructure and data centers, which should save $500 million over five years.

The Department of the Navy proposed savings of more than $35 billion over five years.   Those measures include:

  • Reducing manpower ashore and reassigning 6,000 personnel to operational missions at sea;
  • Using multi-year procurement to save more than $1.3 billion on the purchase of new airborne surveillance, jamming, and fighter aircraft;
  • Disestablishing staffs for submarine, patrol aircraft, and the destroyer-squadrons plus one carrier strike group staff.

The Navy also proposes to disestablish the headquarters of Second Fleet in Norfolk.  During the Cold War, this command had distinct and significant operational responsibilities. Today its primary responsibility is training and mission preparation, a function that will be transferred to the Navy’s Fleet Forces Command.  This change would affect approximately 160 military positions.  And no ships will depart Norfolk as a result.

Now let me turn to DoD-wide savings.

We also examined how the department is staffed, organized and operated as a whole. Special attention was paid to those DoD headquarters, administration and support elements outside the four military services – the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands, and the defense agencies and field activities – all of which have seen significant growth in budget, staff, and contractors over the last decade.  This effort – combined with a government-wide freeze on civilian salaries – has yielded about $54 billion in additional savings over the next five years – savings that include, with some very limited exceptions, a DoD-wide freeze on the number of civilian positions.  Several actions do not require budgetary approval and we will begin implementation immediately

First, reforming how the department uses information technology, which costs us about $37 billion a year. At this time all of our bases and headquarters have their own separate IT infrastructure and processes, which drive up costs and create cyber vulnerabilities.  The department is planning to consolidate hundreds of data centers and move to a more secure enterprise system, which we estimate could save more than $1 billion a year.  At the same time, I am not satisfied with the progress we have made in this area since August, and expect to make a follow-on announcement with a specific plan of action by next month.

Second, as I have said before, this department has become far too reliant on contractors to perform functions that should either be done by full-time employees or, in some cases, to staff activities that could – and should – be discontinued.   As a result of the reviews conducted since August, several DoD components are moving ahead with significant reductions in contractor staff support.  For example, OSD’s Policy division and Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics office between them will cut nearly 270 contractors, the Defense TRICARE Agency more than 780, and the Missile Defense Agency more than 360.  Overall, we will cut the size of the staff support contractor cadre by 10 percent per year for three years and realize nearly $6 billion in total savings.

Third, since the beginning of this fiscal year, which began October 1st, we have been operating under a freeze in the number of positions – with very limited exceptions, such as the acquisition work force –within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the defense agencies and field activities, the Combatant Commands.  These entities were also directed to conduct a clean-sheet review to rebalance resources, staff, and functions within and across their components to reflect the department’s most pressing priorities.  The resulting review produced a number of opportunities to trim the size of the workforce, yielding more than $4 billion in savings over the next five years.

I will recommend to the President that we hold to these limits in overall DoD staff levels for the next three years.  While new requirements may emerge that require further staff support, those needs should be met by shifting personnel from other less important activities within the organization.   

Fourth, in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, we examined the Defense Department’s sprawling intelligence apparatus.  Since September 11th, the U.S. government as a whole has seen a proliferation of new intelligence organizations, many that are excess and duplicative, many that are spread out among the different services, agencies, task forces of various kinds, and combatant commands.

Based on this review, I have approved a number of changes.  They include downsizing the new intelligence organizations that have grown up around a number of the combatant commands in recent years – most of which are not directly engaged in the post-9/11 military conflicts.  In place of having a large, permanent organic apparatus staffed on a wartime level, the department will transition to an arrangement that can surge intelligence support as needed from the Defense Intelligence Agency. The review also found that many intelligence organizations across the department and among military services focus on counter-terrorism and terrorism finance.  We will consolidate the various redundant programs into two task forces located within DIA. 

Fifth, I have approved the elimination of more than 100 general officer and flag officer positions out of the roughly 900 currently on the books.  Of those, 28 are billets that were created after 9/11, primarily for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and they will be reduced as appropriate as major troop deployments wind down.  More than 80 general or flag officer billets in the services, OSD, and the Combatant Commands will be eliminated or downgraded.  Additionally, I have directed the elimination or downgrading of nearly 200 civilian Senior Executive Service or equivalent positions out of a total of 1,400 civilian executives. 

The monetary savings from these reductions in senior personnel will be relatively modest and mostly consist of the extra staff and amenities that by tradition follow high rank.  The primary purpose behind this shift is to create fewer, flatter, more agile, and thus more effective organizations. 

Sixth, and related, we looked at the department’s organizational charts, command structures, force posture and basing arrangements.  As announced in August, the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Network Intelligence and Information, the Business Transformation Agency, and the Joint Forces Command are in the process of being eliminated or disestablished, with a reduced number of their most essential functions transferred to other organizations.  In the case of JFCOM, we have identified a number of missions since the August announcement that should be retained in the Norfolk/Suffolk, Virginia area.  We are still refining the details, but expect that roughly 50 percent of the capabilities under JFCOM will be kept and assigned to other organizations. 

Seventh, another area of focus was European Command.  Based on our review, it is clear we have excess force structure in Europe.  We are looking closely at alternative courses of action, but none would be implemented before 2015 or without consulting our allies.  It is also no longer necessary to retain four-star service component headquarters for the Army, Navy and Air Force in European Command, each of which is too large and too senior given the number of troops they lead and the military operations they oversee.  These commands will be reduced to the three star-level, with concurrent streamlining in the headquarters and personal staff.  The change to U.S. Navy Europe will take place over a longer period because of that command’s unique role in the NATO transformation effort.

Eighth, we are eliminating nearly 400 internally-generated reports that over the years have consumed vast amounts of staff time and energy, often to produce documents that are of questionable relevance, value, and in many cases, have been rarely read.  Nearly a third of the total reporting requirements originated decades ago and in some cases date back to the 1950s.  Overall, this reduction in DoD’s internal reporting burden – about 60 percent of all non-statutory reports – when coupled with a reduction in funding for studies, represents an estimated $1.2 billion in savings over the next five years. I am instructing that, effective next April, the requirement for any internal report with a commissioning date prior to 2006 will be cancelled.  Furthermore, starting in February every report must include the cost of its production.

For all of these DoD-wide initiatives, a major objective beyond creating monetary savings was to make this Department less cumbersome, less top-heavy, and more agile and effective in the execution of its responsibilities.  My hope and expectation is that, as a result of these changes over time, what had been a culture of endless money, where cost was rarely a consideration, will become a culture of savings and restraint.   

I will now turn to some of the significant program decisions included in the $100 billion identified by the services for reinvestment that will be incorporated in the Fiscal Year 2012 budget request.  Given the variety and complexity of threats America faces, we need a portfolio of affordable, versatile military capabilities that can be produced on a reasonable schedule and in sufficient quantities.  So at the same time the military services were digging deep for excess overhead, they were also taking a hard look at their modernization portfolio for weapons programs that were having major development problems, unsustainable cost growth, or had grown less relevant to real world needs.   

As a result, the Army has decided to cancel procurement of the SLAMRAAM surface to air missile.  The Army leadership also recommended terminating the Non-Line of Sight Launch System, the next-generation missile launcher originally conceived as part of the Future Combat System.

The Joint Strike Fighter program received special scrutiny given its substantial cost, ongoing development issues, and its central place in the future of U.S. military aviation.  In short, two of the JSF variants, the Air Force version and the Navy’s carrier based version, are proceeding satisfactorily.

By comparison, the Marine Corps’ short take-off and vertical landing variant is experiencing significant testing problems.  These issues may lead to a redesign of the aircraft’s structure and propulsion – changes that could add yet more weight and more cost to an aircraft that has little capacity to absorb more of either. 

As a result, I am placing the STOVL variant on the equivalent of a two-year probation.  If we cannot fix this variant during this time frame and get it back on track in terms of performance, cost and schedule, then I believe it should be cancelled.  We will also move the development of the Marine variant to the back of the overall JSF production sequence.  And to fill the gap created from the slip in the JSF production schedule, we will buy more Navy F/A-18s.  

Today, I am also announcing my agreement with the recommendation of the Secretary of the Navy and the Commandant of the Marine Corps to cancel the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle.  This program is of great interest to the Marine community so I would like to explain the reasons behind what I know will be a controversial decision. 

The EFV’s aggressive requirements list has resulted in an 80,000 pound armored vehicle that skims the surface of the ocean for long distances at high speeds before transitioning to combat operations on land.  Meeting these demands has over the years led to significant technology problems, development delays, and cost increases.  The EFV, originally conceived during the Reagan Administration, has already consumed more than $3 billion to develop and will cost another $12 billion to build – all for a fleet with the capacity to put 4,000 troops ashore.   If fully executed, the EFV – which costs far more to operate and maintain than its predecessor – would essentially swallow the entire Marine vehicle budget and most of its total procurement budget for the foreseeable future.

To be sure, the EFV would, if pursued to completion without regard to time or cost, be an enormously capable vehicle.  However, recent analysis by the Navy and Marine Corps suggests that the most plausible scenarios requiring power projection from the sea could be handled through a mix of existing air and sea systems employed in new ways along with new vehicles – scenarios that do not require the exquisite features of the EFV.  As with several other high end programs cancelled in recent years, the mounting cost of acquiring this specialized capability must be judged against other priorities and needs. 

Let me be clear.  This decision does not call into question the Marine’s amphibious assault mission.  We will budget the funds necessary to develop a more affordable and sustainable amphibious tractor to provide the Marines a ship-to-shore capability into the future.  The budget will also propose funds to upgrade the existing amphibious vehicle fleet with new engines, electronics, and armaments to ensure that the Marines will be able to conduct ship-to-shore missions until the next generation of systems is brought on line.

Finally, for some time I have spoken about the department’s unaffordable health costs – and in particular the benefits provided to working age retirees under the TRICARE program.  Many of these beneficiaries are employed full-time while receiving their full pensions and often forgo their employer’s health plan to remain with TRICARE. 

This should not come as a surprise, given that the current TRICARE enrollment fee was set in 1995 at $460 a year for the basic family plan and has not been raised since. During this time, insurance premiums paid by the private sector and other government workers have risen dramatically.  For example, the fees for a comparable health insurance program for federal workers costs roughly $5,000 per year.

Accordingly, with the Fiscal Year 2012 budget we will propose reforms in the area of military health care to better manage medical cost growth and better align the department with the rest of the country.  These will include initiatives to become more efficient as well as modest increases to TRICARE fees for working age retirees with fees indexed to adjust for medical inflation.  Potential savings from these initiatives could amount to nearly $7 billion over the next five years. 

So now let me turn to the areas, having identified $100 billion in savings in the services, where they are now going to invest those savings from overhead and weak programs.  To recap:  Approximately $100 billion was identified by the military services through shedding excess overhead, improving business practices, or troubled programs.  Another $54 billion in savings was generated by DoD-wide overhead efficiencies and freezes in civilian positions and salaries.   

Of the $100 billion identified by the military departments, approximately $28 billion – will be used over the next five years by the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps to deal with higher than expected operating costs.  These costs include health care, pay and housing allowances, sustainment of weapons systems, depot maintenance, base support and flight hours and other training.  Frankly, using the savings in this way was not my original intent or preference, but we have little choice but to deal with these so-called “must pay” bills – and better to confront them honestly now than through raiding investment accounts later.

Nonetheless, the military services’ reform efforts have left them more than $70 billion from overhead and program savings to spend on high priority military capabilities – funds that would not otherwise be available.  I will now summarize some of these new areas of investment.

For the Air Force, this process made it possible to:

  • Buy more of the most advanced Reaper UAVs and move essential Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance programs from the temporary war budget to the permanent base budget.  Going forward, advanced unmanned strike and reconnaissance capabilities must become an integrated part of the Air Force’s regular institutional force structure;
  • The Air Force will increase procurement of the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle to assure access to space for both military and other government agencies while sustaining our industrial base;
  • The Air Force will modernize the radars of F-15s to keep this key fighter viable well into the future; and
  • It will also buy more simulators for Joint Strike Fighter air crew training.

Finally, a major area of investment for the Air Force will be a new long-range, nuclear-capable penetrating bomber.  This aircraft – which will have the option of being piloted remotely – will be designed and developed using proven technologies, an approach that should make it possible to deliver this capability on schedule and in quantity.  It is important that we begin this project now to ensure that a new bomber can be ready before the current aging fleet goes out of service.  The follow on bomber represents a key component of a joint portfolio of conventional deep-strike capabilities – an area that should be a high priority for future defense investment given the anti-access challenges our military faces.

The Army intends to use its savings to:

  • First, provide improved suicide prevention and substance abuse counseling for soldiers;
  • Second, modernize its battle fleet of Abrams tanks, Bradley Fighting Vehicles, and Stryker wheeled vehicles;  and
  • Accelerate fielding to the soldier level of the Army’s new tactical communications network.

The demand from ground commanders for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance assets continues to exceed the military’s supply.  In response, the Army will buy more MC-12 reconnaissance aircraft, accelerate procurement of the service’s most advanced Grey Eagle UAVs, and begin development of a new vertical unmanned air system to support the Army in the future.

The Department of the Navy, as a result of the efficiency savings, is proposing to:

  • Accelerate development of a new generation of electronic jammers to improve the Navy’s ability to fight and survive in an anti-access environment;
  • They’ll increase the repair and refurbishment of Marine equipment used in Iraq and Afghanistan;
  • They will develop a new generation of sea-borne unmanned strike and surveillance aircraft;
  • They will buy more of the latest model F-18s and extend the service life of 150 of these aircraft as a hedge against more delays in the deployment of the Joint Strike Fighter;
  • And finally, the Navy will purchase additional ships over the next five years – including a destroyer, a Littoral Combat Ship, an ocean surveillance vessel and fleet oilers.

In the area of missile defense, I am proposing more funding for long range defense interceptors that will support the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe and extend that level of protection to the continental United States. In order to improve theater missile defenses we will also purchase additional advanced radar systems that had been requested by combatant commanders in Europe, the Pacific and the Middle East.

Now let me close with discussion of future budget projections.  Meeting real-world requirements.  Doing right by our people.  Reducing excess.  Being more efficient.  Squeezing costs.  Setting priorities and sticking to them.   Making tough choices.  These are all things that we should do as a department and as a military regardless of the time and circumstance.  But they are more important than ever at a time of extreme fiscal duress, when budget pressures and scrutiny fall on all areas of government, including defense.  When every dollar spent on excess overhead or unneeded programs – such as the extra engine for the JSF – is a dollar not available to support our troops and prepare for threats on the horizon.  

Which brings me to the president’s defense budget outlook.  The president’s base budget request for Fiscal Year 2012 will be approximately $553 billion.  This is some $13 billion less than we expected for FY 12 in last year’s five year budget plan, but represents about three percent real growth over the funding the department would receive in FY 2011 under the current continuing resolution – and about 1.5 percent growth over the Appropriations Committees defense bills for FY 11.  The proposed budget plan will reduce real growth in the department’s top line in FY 13 and in FY 14, and then provides zero real growth in FY 2015 and 2016.   

In all, this budget proposal anticipates a total reduction of roughly $78 billion to the Five Year Defense Plan submitted last year.  Even with this top-line reduction, we were able to adhere to the original intent of the reform initiative and permit the military services to keep and reinvest the roughly $100 billion they identified for savings.

So where did we come up with the $78 billion for the top-line reduction?

  • First, the approximately $54 billion in DoD-wide overhead reductions and efficiencies I described earlier in this statement, which included a freeze on all government civilian salaries;
  • Second, roughly $14 billion reflecting shifts in economic assumptions and other changes relative to the previous FYDP – for example, decreases in the inflation rate and projected pay raises;
  • Third, $4 billion of savings to the Joint Strike Fighter program to reflect re-pricing and a more realistic production schedule given recent development delays.

And fourth, more than $6 billion was saved by our decision to reduce the size of the Active Army and Marine Corps starting in FY 2015.  Under this plan, the U.S. Army’s permanent active duty end strength would decline by 27,000 troops, while the Marine Corps would decline by somewhere between fifteen to twenty thousand, depending on the outcome of their force structure review.  These projected reductions are based on an assumption that America’s ground combat commitment in Afghanistan would be significantly reduced by the end of 2014 in accordance with the President’s strategy. 

Ever since taking this post, now more than four years ago, I have called for protecting force structure and for maintaining modest but real growth in the defense top-line over the long term.  I would prefer that this continue to be the case.  But this country’s dire fiscal situation – and the threat it poses to American inf

Want to quit smoking?

The Army Substance Abuse Office wants you to know that help is close by. The following classes are being offered in an area near you. If you need assistance contact ASAP at 245-4576.

Winter Cessation Classes

Sadler Health Center is offering free tobacco cessation classes. Our successful program is based on the Mayo Clinic model and will be facilitated by a Tobacco Cessation Specialist. Hundreds of people have successfully quit tobacco - and you can too! Call to join!

Registration is required - call 960-4387 or 1-866-SADLER-7 or email Once enrolled, you'll receive materials, incentives, and nicotine replacements or cessation medication vouchers to start your quit, at no cost. To register or for more information call and speak with a Cessation Specialist. Class size is limited.


Monday, Jan. 10 &Tuesday, Jan. 11 at noon, 3pm, & 5:30pm

CRMC Live Well Center, Carlisle


Monday, Jan. 24 at 6pm

West Shore Family Practice, 6375 Mercury Dr., Suite 200, Mechanicsburg


Tuesday, Jan. 25 at 5pm

Shippensburg Public Library, 73 West King Street, Shippensburg

Post tax center offers federal, state tax preparation services 

Jan. 4, 2011 – The Carlisle Barracks tax center will open on Jan. 31.  It is located at 309 Engineer Ave and available to all military and their dependants as well as military retirees and their dependents.

The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance, VITA, program will begin scheduling appointments for the tax service on Jan. 24.

Phone 717-245-3986 for appointments starting Monday, Jan. 24.  The appointment line will be open from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Eligible patrons of the VITA tax service include active duty military and military and their dependents; and military retirees and their dependents.

You will need to bring the following documents to your scheduled appointment.

  • Military ID card
  • W-2 form (active duty will receive W-2s though "My Pay")
  • W-2 forms for each family member who earned income
  • Form 8332 or copy of divorce decree for non-custodial parent claiming a child
  • Social Security card for taxpayer and every family member listed on your return
  • 1099-INT for any taxable interest paid to you or credited to your account
  • 1099-DIV for any income from stocks, mutual funds, investment companies or a real estate trust
  • If you sold stocks, bonds or mutual funds during the tax year, you must know your cost basis. If you do not know, call your broker to obtain the information.
  • Documentation verifying your 2009 real estate taxes paid on your primary residence
  • If you are itemizing deductions, you will need to provide proof of deductions – this is a requirement for charitable contributions
  • A voided check or deposit slip to ensure refund monies are dispersed properly
  • A copy of last year's tax return

 NOTE:   Active duty non-resident spouses with income not taxable to Pennsylvania must provide a copy of the service member’s military orders showing they were ordered to service in Pennsylvania.  They must also provide a copy of their resident state’s driver’s license.

For patrons that are not familiar with Carlisle Barracks, please use the “Claremont Gate” access point.  Turn onto Jim Thorpe Road from Claremont Road and loop around to the Security guards.  If you do not have a DOD sticker on your vehicle, you must use the visitor’s lane.

Directions to the tax center

Proceed straight across Claremont Road onto Carlisle Barracks

            LEFT – Delaney Road

            LEFT – Forbes Ave

            RIGHT –Ashburn Drive (Fire House)

            LEFT – Lovell Ave (“Y” in the road)

            RIGHT – Pratt Ave (Follow Tax Office Sign)

            LEFT- Indian Garden Lane (Follow Tax Office Sign)

Follow down Indian Garden lane behind the LVCC and past the pool to the parking lot in front of Building 309.  Handicapped parking is located in the parking lot closest to the building.


Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, USAWC Commandant
On the USAWC Mission: Wisdom and Strength for the Future

Maj. Gen. Gregg Martin, Army War College Commandant.

On the brink of the U.S. Army War College’s 110th anniversary year, there is much to celebrate. We have long been the quiet foundation of strength and wisdom.  It’s time for everyone here – faculty, staff, and students – to engage your community of contacts and share the extraordinary story of USAWC growth, leadership and contribution.

 The past decade alone reflects the strength of this enduring institution. Continued USAWC operation throughout two wars signals the Army senior leadership commitment to senior leader education as an essential investment in our nation’s future. The first decade of our second century was marked by uncompromising focus on growing the curriculum and extending USAWC influence via distance education. Our faculty and our research studies have provided extensive support to operational forces and military schools.  Our graduates have been critical contributors to planning and executing operations Noble Eagle, Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, OEF-HOA, and New Dawn.

Knowledge is the foundation of strength and wisdom. Our mandate is to develop and share that knowledge with the national security practitioners and policy-makers who shape our world. This year is the opportunity to reflect on timeless principles and a framework of greatness. As noted by former Secretary of State Colin Powell, “If you are going to achieve excellence in big things, you develop the habit in little matters. Excellence is not an exception, it is a prevailing attitude.” 

A commitment to excellence compels us to see ourselves, assess the environment, and evolve to both meet and anticipate future demands on strategic leaders.

At the turn of the last century, the Army War College was established as enduring solution to a newly-recognized need for more effective leadership, vision, and planning.  It wasn’t enough that the nation had prevailed in the Spanish-American War. Inadequate planning and coordination with respect to logistics, disease, etc, had long-term implications for the Army and the nation. National leaders created the Army War College more than 100 years ago to ensure our ability to meet and anticipate challenges to the nation. Words that have resonated through the decades – “Not to promote war but to preserve peace” – capture the breadth of responsibilities for today’s graduates.

With that enduring purpose in mind, leaders, staff and faculty have executed a bottom-up review of our mission and strategies.  As a result, we’ve refined and expanded the USAWC mission to better capture the scope of what we are doing today and what we must do more and better in the future.  Our task was to relentlessly focus on developing the smart, strong leaders who will think and operate effectively in a strategic joint, interagency, intergovernmental, multinational environment.

The new mission statement reflects an expanded scope of tasks to meet the USAWC purpose, and TRADOC Commander Gen. Martin Dempsey supports our inspired new guideposts --

Mission:  USAWC develops, inspires and serves strategic leaders for the wise and effective application of national power, in a joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational environment, emphasizing development and employment of land power.

- Educates select military, civilian, and international leaders

- Supports worldwide practitioners

- Conducts research, and publishes to inform thought

- Supports the Army’s strategic communication efforts

- Provides comprehensive well-being education and support.

I strongly believe that it’s imperative not only to develop and serve strategic leaders, but to inspire our leaders and our nation.  We manage leadership talent best when we inspire students for heavy lifting of important, yet often-invisible, duties. We nurture national leadership when we inspire them to become lifelong leaders, contributing past retirement in the footsteps of the great USAWC alumni we honored recently:  Gen. Gordon Sullivan, Gen. Don Starry, and Dr. Lewis Sorley.

We recognize the transformational experience of the Army War College when we use the word develop, rather than ‘educate.’  The journey includes not only academic learning, but refining ethical decision-making, developing comprehensive fitness, and enhancing leadership skills for the complex strategic environment.

We serve strategic leaders through significant research studies, faculty expertise applied to the ‘wicked problems’ of today’s theaters, and extension of our expertise through web and publications.

Our refined mission reflects our distinctive contribution in the development and employment of land power. Faculty expertise on theater strategy, design, and campaigning makes the Army War College a unique and crucial resource for the Army.

Our vision is to be the institute of choice: the number one request by senior service college selectees who seek to be not only ready, but wise and strong.

Vision:  The world’s best institution for developing strategic leaders  and thought – the international institution of choice

I am proud of this reset of the mission and vision.  I believe it is compelling to encourage our senior leaders to be wise and, together, we will raise wisdom to a level of prominence in strategic leader development that is itself inspirational to our nation and our international partners.

Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos, Army War College Public Affairs
New changes for the new year at Carlisle Barracks

Soldiers shop at the new GNC store located at the Exchange, which is just one of many changes coming to Carlisle Barracks in the next year. Photo by Staff Sgt. Corey Baltos.

Carlisle Barracks will continue a period of change in the new year not seen since World War II,  as many upcoming construction and renovation projects will alter the landscape.

One of the first projects has already begun. The Exchange retail area is in the middle of a renovation that has replaced some old tenants with new ones. 

A GNC store, which specializes in vitamins, supplements, minerals, herbs, sports nutrition, diet and energy, and health products, now occupies the old Anthony’s Pizza area. It opened for business Dec. 21, with an official grand opening is slated for Jan. 5, 2011 at 10 a.m.

“One of the advantages of having GNC at Carlisle Barracks is the military pricing deals,” said Scott Mayo, Carlisle Barracks GNC manager.  “The on-post store offers a 15 percent discount on national brands and a 5 percent discount on GNC brands, on top of the 20 percent discount GNC gold card discount.  The GNC gold card can also be used throughout the month here, whereas at other GNC stores not located on a military post, it can only be used during the first week of the month.” 

Also coming to the Exchange is the book store currently located in Root Hall and the Class VI. The book store will open in February.  The retail area will also soon be home to a military clothing store. 

“Our goal is to make the exchange a one stop shop,” said Donald Basil, Carlisle Barracks AAFES manager.

Youth Services

In the spring the new School Age Services/Youth Center will be built behind the child development center on Bouquet Road. 

“We plan to start building as soon as the weather breaks, most likely in March,” said Liz Knouse, Director, Carlisle Barracks Family Morale Welfare and Recreation. “Once construction starts, the project should take about 10 months to complete.”


The Strategic Studies Institute, which is currently located in Root Hall, will also have a new home.  By the beginning of 2011, SSI will temporarily relocate to 632 Wright Ave, the former home of Army Community Services, which has moved to Anne Ely Hall. This move will allow the Army War College to build four new seminar rooms in Root Hall which will be needed to accommodate the growing of the USAWC Class.

“The new SSI building is expected to break ground early next year and should be completed in 18 to 24 months,” said Col. Louis H. Jordan, Strategic Studies Institute deputy director.  The  new SSI building will be located next to Anne Ely Hall. 


Starting in January the commissary will be also receive an internal face-lift. 

“We have a seven phase project to replace the floor and ceiling tiles and to replace the freezer and refrigerators in the store,” said Stephen Oldham, store administrator.  “During each phase we will wall off a section of the store so we can do the upgrades.  Each section should take 30 to 60 days to complete.  The entire upgrade should take about ten months,” said Oldham. 

During the upgrade the commissary will still have all of the items available, albeit a smaller assortment. 

“When we upgrade the dairy section, consumers will still have a choice of say yogurt brands and flavors, but instead of six lines of yogurt, there may only be three,” said Oldham.

Post Housing

The College Arms houses, affectionately known as “Smurf Village” by generations of students, are scheduled to be torn down this summer. 

According to Heidi Puente, the demolition of  “Smurf  Village” is expected to begin July 2011.

“We will tear down the farm house and the remaining Smurf Village houses and replace them with 56 new duplexes,” said Ty McPhillips, the BBC project director.  “The entire plan should take about 20 months to complete.”

The demolition of the College Arms homes is part of the five year family housing plan that began in 2006.


The Army Heritage and Education Center is also expanding.  The Visitor and Education Center is scheduled to open the weekend of April 29, 2011 and the Conservation Center is scheduled to be completed in August 2012.

Lt. Gen. Rick Lynch, IMCOM Commander

A vision for the future—Installation Management Community

Like many others this time of year, I have been reflecting on the past twelve months and looking forward to the new year. In my professional capacity, I am focusing on the future of the Installation Management Community. Specifically, what should the Installation Management Community look like a year from now?

I have been asking this question of Installation Management personnel during meetings, town halls, and garrison visits. After all, the dedicated professionals at the garrisons and headquarters are doing the work on a daily basis; they know what it takes to deliver the facilities, programs and services that support our Soldiers and Families.

I have also been seeking feedback from Soldiers, Families and leaders through a number of avenues, including installation visits, the Family Forums at the Association of the United States Army annual conference, the Army Community Service focus groups I recently held, and the Army Family Survey. This feedback is critical because everything we do is focused on providing Soldiers and Families the programs, services and facilities that support their well-being, resilience and readiness. We need to know where we are on target and where we are missing the mark.

I urge everyone—Installation Management personnel, Soldiers, Family members, leaders—to continue to send me solid ideas that help answer the three fundamental questions: Are we doing the right things? Are we doing things right? What are we missing?

The point of asking for input from so many different people is to build a shared vision of where we are going in the next year.  I am meeting with senior Installation Management Community leaders this month to develop that vision based on all of this input. The shared vision will enable us to begin with the end in mind. Once we have a shared vision of what right looks like, we can figure out how to get there from here. We can eliminate random activities and focus all our efforts on the initiatives that will have the greatest impact on Soldiers, Civilians and Family members.

We started 2010 by producing version one of the Installation Management Community’s Campaign Plan. The Campaign Plan laid out a vision, strategy and way ahead for providing the programs, services and facilities that support Soldiers and Families.  With the Campaign Plan and the three fundamental questions as our guides, we have continually challenged ourselves to improve our performance. 

Some of our efforts are visible to those we serve. For example, based on feedback from Soldiers and Families, we have enhanced delivery of several vital programs, including the Exceptional Family Member Program, Survivor Outreach Services, the Total Army Sponsorship Program, the Army Substance Abuse Program and the Army Continuing Education System.

Many of our efforts will not be immediately apparent to those outside of our workforce. For example, we are reducing the number of administrative regions from six to four and integrating the Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation Command into IMCOM Headquarters. Soldiers and Families will see no difference in the quality of support or number of services they receive, but behind the scenes, we will be working smarter. We will streamline delivery of services to our customers and generate savings that can be applied to Soldier and Family programs.

Now, as we build a shared vision of what the Installation Management Community should look like in November 2011 and lay out the plan to achieve that vision, we will continue to challenge ourselves to go beyond what we already know and are comfortable with. We will continue to look at the shape and size of our organization and workforce. We will continue to reach out and build relationships with others committed to supporting Soldiers and Families, including universities, businesses, non-government organizations, and other government agencies. We will continue to identify, develop and align the resources, policies and processes needed to support Family programs, safety, sustainability, energy security and other priorities.

The process of developing a shared vision can be difficult for some, since it carries the possibility of change, but it can also be energizing, and it is important for us to do if we take our jobs seriously. For one, we owe it to our fellow citizens to be good stewards of all the resources entrusted to us. We always have to be mindful of how we impact the environment, how we treat our people and how we spend taxpayer dollars. If we do our job well, if we are good stewards of the resources entrusted to us today, then we will have the resources we need in the future.

An even more important reason is the Soldiers and Families we support. We are committed to providing a strong, supportive environment in which they can thrive. We do not chase change for change’s sake, but if the only reason we do something is because we have always done it that way, then we can do better. We owe it to our Soldiers and Families to ask what right looks like and to make sure we are on track to get there.